The Jnanpith Award is a literary award in India. Along with the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship, it is one of the two most prestigious literary honours in the country. The award was instituted in 1961. Any Indian citizen who writes in any of the official languages of India is eligible for the honour. It is presented by the Bharatiya Jnanpith, a trust founded by the Sahu Jain family, the publishers of the The Times of India newspaper.
The name of the award is taken from Sanskrit words jnāna and pīṭha (knowledge-seat). It carries a cheque for 7 lakh, a citation plaque and a bronze replica of Saraswati, the Indian goddess of knowledge, music, and the arts.
Prior to 1982, the awards were given for a single work by a writer; since then, the award has been given for a lifetime contribution to Indian literature. Nine individuals [Including the 2009 award which is being shared by two Hindi writers] writing in Hindi have been honoured with the award, eight in Kannada, five in Bengali and Malayalam, four in Oriya and Urdu and three each in Gujarati, Marathi and Telugu and two in Assamese and Tamil.
Starting with the Bengali writer Ashapoorna Devi in 1976, seven women writers have won the award so far. The other recipients include Amrita Pritam (1981, Punjabi), Mahadevi Varma (1982, Hindi), Qurratulain Hyder (1989, Urdu), Mahasweta Devi (1996, Bengali), Indira Goswami (2000, Assamese) and Pratibha ray (2011, Odia).
The award announcements have lately been lagging behind the award-years. The awards for the years 2005 and 2006 were announced on 22 November 2008, and were awarded to the Hindi writer Kunwar Narayan for 2005 and jointly to Konkani writer Ravindra Kelekar and Sanskrit scholar Satya Vrat Shastri for 2006. Satya Vrat Shastri is the first Sanskrit poet to be conferred the award since its inception. The awards for the 45th and 46th Jnanpith for the years 2009 and 2010 respectively, were announced on 20 September 2011. The 45th award was jointly conferred on Hindi littérateurs Amar Kant and Sri Lal Sukla, and the 46th on the Kannada littérateur Chandrashekhara Kambara. The 48th Jnanpith award for the year 2012 was announced on 17th April, 2013 and was conferred to Telugu novelist, short-story writer and poet Ravuri Bharadhwaja for his work Paakudu Raallu.
Jnanpith Award recipients
- ^ Report from The Hindu, January 2007. Noted writer Manoj Das (in January 2007) "received the country's highest literary honour – Sahitya Akademi Fellowship."
- ^ a b Parvathi Menon (1999). "The multi-faceted playwright". Frontline 16 (3).
- ^ "Jnanpith award for Jayakanthan". The Times of India. 20 March 2005. Retrieved 12 November 2007.
- ^ a b c "Kunwar Narayan to be awarded Jnanpith". The Times of India. 24 Nov 2008. Retrieved 25 November 2008.
- ^ a b "Jnanpith Award presented". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 20 August 2009. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
- ^ a b c d e "Amar Kant, Shrilal Shukla, Kambar win Jnanpith Award", The Hindu, 20 September 2011.
- ^ Ravindra, Kalia (March 9, 2007). "40th Jnanpith Award to Eminent Kashmiri Poet Shri Rahman Rahi" (pdf) (Press release). Bharatiya Jnanpith. Archived from the original on 2009-04-07. Retrieved 2013-05-6.
- ^ Ravindra, Kalia (November 22, 2008). "41st Jnanpith Award to Eminent Hindi Poet Shri Kunwar Narayan and 42nd Jnanpith Award jointly to Eminent Konkani Poet and Author Shri Ravindra Kelekar and Sanskrit Poet and Scholar Shri Satya Vrat Shastri" (pdf) (Press release). Bharatiya Jnanpith. Archived from the original on 2010-02-15. Retrieved 2013-05-6.
- ^ a b "Malayalam, Urdu writers claim Jnanpith awards". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 25 September 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
- ^ "Oriya novelist and academician Pratibha Ray wins 2011 Jnanpith Award". ibnlive.in.com. 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2012. "it was decided that Ray, 69, will be the winner of the 2011 Janapith Award."
- ^ "Ravuri Bharadwaja Gets Gyanpeeth Award". Retrieved April 17 2013.