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AADS 221- Jo Ann Robinson
AADS 221- Jo Ann Robinson
Published: 2012/04/17
Channel: Bria Harris
Aspire to our History - Joann Robinson
Aspire to our History - Joann Robinson
Published: 2014/02/23
Channel: Melissa Scott
Jo Ann Robinson - Clip from Eyes on the Prize Interview
Jo Ann Robinson - Clip from Eyes on the Prize Interview
Published: 2016/05/02
Channel: wufilmarchives
National History Day: Jo Ann Robinson
National History Day: Jo Ann Robinson
Published: 2016/12/07
Channel: OlivesBranchs
JoAnn Robinson
JoAnn Robinson
Published: 2017/03/03
Channel: Bolingbrook First
Joann Robinson
Joann Robinson
Published: 2011/11/29
Channel: aapuzzo1
Dr. Jo Ann Robinson - Bio Video
Dr. Jo Ann Robinson - Bio Video
Published: 2017/08/22
Channel: Cleveland Clinic
Jo Ann Robinson Interview
Jo Ann Robinson Interview
Published: 2017/05/08
Channel: Erica Browne
The Montgomery Bus Boycott
The Montgomery Bus Boycott
Published: 2009/04/11
Channel: Arnoud van Wijk
Preparing students for the culture of college | JoAnn Myers | TEDxABQED
Preparing students for the culture of college | JoAnn Myers | TEDxABQED
Published: 2016/05/25
Channel: TEDx Talks
Finding My Path: Jo-Ann Tan at TEDxBYU
Finding My Path: Jo-Ann Tan at TEDxBYU
Published: 2013/04/26
Channel: TEDx Talks
Jeanne Robertson "Don
Jeanne Robertson "Don't send a man to the grocery store!"
Published: 2009/07/08
Channel: JeanneRobertson
What Did Jo Ann Robinson Do For The Civil Rights Movement
What Did Jo Ann Robinson Do For The Civil Rights Movement
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: sparky heights
BTG Joann Robinson 4 12 17
BTG Joann Robinson 4 12 17
Published: 2017/04/14
Channel: Caponeyboy Productions
CGI 3D Animated Short HD: "Ovation" - by JoAnn Kang and Sofia Wang
CGI 3D Animated Short HD: "Ovation" - by JoAnn Kang and Sofia Wang
Published: 2015/10/03
Channel: The CGBros
The Lawrence Welk Show: Maple Leaf Rag (Ragtime Piano)
The Lawrence Welk Show: Maple Leaf Rag (Ragtime Piano)
Published: 2010/10/01
Channel: Chris Pikal
Jo Ann carry and Michael Robinson
Jo Ann carry and Michael Robinson
Published: 2012/01/10
Channel: kimalee senior
McKenzie fishing like a pro.
McKenzie fishing like a pro.
Published: 2016/04/25
Channel: Jo-Ann Robinson
Caponeyboy: Photo Montage Ms.JoannRobinson
Caponeyboy: Photo Montage Ms.JoannRobinson
Published: 2017/04/18
Channel: Caponeyboy Productions
Ann Robinson Interview - Parkinson - BBC
Ann Robinson Interview - Parkinson - BBC
Published: 2008/04/22
Channel: BBCWorldwide
Melody
Melody's Nose Piercing
Published: 2010/06/19
Channel: Jo-Ann Robinson
KCDA/Back on Track Social Worker JoAnn Robinson
KCDA/Back on Track Social Worker JoAnn Robinson's Farewell Retirement Party
Published: 2013/07/31
Channel: Brooklyn DA Charles J. Hynes
Jo-Ann
Jo-Ann
Published: 2011/11/27
Channel: Picture Place
Lunchtime Talks in Science and Mathematics - Dr. Ed Crowther - 1/20/2010
Lunchtime Talks in Science and Mathematics - Dr. Ed Crowther - 1/20/2010
Published: 2010/02/03
Channel: Adams State University
Makayla
Makayla's 'monster' catfish!!
Published: 2016/04/25
Channel: Jo-Ann Robinson
Ann Robinson - Little Miss Lonely
Ann Robinson - Little Miss Lonely
Published: 2012/11/13
Channel: mrcisco13
Montgomery Bus Boycott and the Women Who Started It: The Memoir of Jo Ann Gibson Robinson Audiobook
Montgomery Bus Boycott and the Women Who Started It: The Memoir of Jo Ann Gibson Robinson Audiobook
Published: 2017/04/09
Channel: Barton Ponce
Beth ann Robinson- the light
Beth ann Robinson- the light
Published: 2011/09/22
Channel: Beth Ann Robinson
scalps (1938) with Richard Hench, Roger Maycock, Jo-Ann Robinson movie
scalps (1938) with Richard Hench, Roger Maycock, Jo-Ann Robinson movie
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: Dani Summe
Why Was The First Day Of The Boycott A Success?
Why Was The First Day Of The Boycott A Success?
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: sparky heights
Ann Robinson - You Did It
Ann Robinson - You Did It
Published: 2011/12/28
Channel: FunkSessions
Makayla Head Bang
Makayla Head Bang'n
Published: 2010/05/26
Channel: Jo-Ann Robinson
SVG jail man concert 2014
SVG jail man concert 2014
Published: 2015/02/02
Channel: jo'ann robinson
City Corner - Jo Ann Kargus
City Corner - Jo Ann Kargus
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: STL TV
Where Did The Bus Boycott Take Place?
Where Did The Bus Boycott Take Place?
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: sparky heights
The Impressions Show - Ann Robinson Police Negotiator
The Impressions Show - Ann Robinson Police Negotiator
Published: 2013/01/31
Channel: Craig Nunn
head bang
head bang'n babies
Published: 2010/05/26
Channel: Jo-Ann Robinson
Jo-ann Robertson
Jo-ann Robertson
Published: 2013/04/28
Channel: Joe Goldberg
ANN ROBINSON ALL FOR YOU JOHNNY B
ANN ROBINSON ALL FOR YOU JOHNNY B
Published: 2012/05/25
Channel: TONYSTRACKS
Little Miss Lonely - Ann Robinson
Little Miss Lonely - Ann Robinson
Published: 2012/09/01
Channel: Mr818Joker
BBC Documentary     Anne Robinson
BBC Documentary Anne Robinson's Britain 1 Parenting
Published: 2016/10/18
Channel: Amazing Documentaries
Video from My Phone
Video from My Phone
Published: 2011/04/05
Channel: Jo-Ann Robinson
Interview with Dr. Jo-ann Archibald
Interview with Dr. Jo-ann Archibald
Published: 2012/03/28
Channel: Educational Studies
SVG jail man concert 2014  pt 2
SVG jail man concert 2014 pt 2
Published: 2014/12/22
Channel: jo'ann robinson
Britain
Britain's Got Talent 2017 Jo & Joanne Singer & Roller Skate Act Full Audition S11E05
Published: 2017/05/14
Channel: Anthony Ying
BOYCOTT BLACK FRIDAY, Khaleel Anderson "MONTGOMERY BUS BOYCOTTS"
BOYCOTT BLACK FRIDAY, Khaleel Anderson "MONTGOMERY BUS BOYCOTTS"
Published: 2014/11/29
Channel: April Watters
Lynn Robinson Testimonial
Lynn Robinson Testimonial
Published: 2010/05/29
Channel: Jo-Ann Ross
AERO @ ROBINSON IMUS (IVTS) LUZ AND COMPANY 2013
AERO @ ROBINSON IMUS (IVTS) LUZ AND COMPANY 2013
Published: 2013/08/02
Channel: aylu saporsantos
The Cross and the Switchblade Trailer
The Cross and the Switchblade Trailer
Published: 2015/08/19
Channel: gonch28
Chauncey Maynor - Women Of Color (Official Music Video)
Chauncey Maynor - Women Of Color (Official Music Video)
Published: 2016/12/15
Channel: Chauncey Maynor
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Jo Ann Gibson Robinson
Jo Ann Robinson booking photo.jpg
Booking photograph of Robinson
Born (1912-04-17)April 17, 1912
near Culloden, Georgia,
Died August 29, 1992(1992-08-29) (aged 80)
Los Angeles, California
Alma mater Atlanta University
(M.A.)
Known for Montgomery bus boycott
Home town Pennsylvania

Jo Ann Gibson Robinson (April 17, 1912 – August 29, 1992) was an activist during the Civil Rights Movement and educator in Montgomery, Alabama.

Life[edit]

Born Jo Ann Gibson,[1] near Culloden, Georgia on April 17, 1912,[2] she was the youngest of twelve children.[3] Her parents were Owen Boston and Dollie Webb Gibson who had owned a farm.[1] She attended Fort Valley State College and then became a public school teacher in Macon, where she was married to Wilbur Robinson for a short time. Five years later, she went to Atlanta, where she earned an M.A. in English at Atlanta University. After teaching in Texas she then accepted a position at Alabama State College in Montgomery.[4]:9 It was there she joined the Women's Political Council, which Mary Fair Burks had founded three years earlier. In part the WPC was an organization dedicated to increasing voter registration in the African American community.[1] In 1949, Robinson was verbally attacked by a bus driver for sitting in the front "Whites only" section of the bus. Her response to the incident was to attempt to start a protest boycott. But, when she approached her fellow members of the Women’s Political Council with her story and proposal, she was told that it was “a fact of life in Montgomery.” In late 1950, she succeeded Burks as president of the WPC and helped focus the group's efforts on bus abuses. Robinson was an outspoken critic of the treatment of African-Americans on public transportation. She was also active in the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church.

The Women's Political Council had made complaints about the bus seating to the Montgomery City Commission and about abusive drivers, and achieved some concessions, including an undertaking that drivers would be courteous and having buses stopping at every corner in black neighborhoods, as they did in white areas.[4]:12

After Brown vs. Board of Education (1954), Robinson had informed the mayor of the city that a boycott would come, and then after Rosa Parks' arrest, they seized the moment to plan the Montgomery bus boycott.[5]

On Thursday, December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to move from her seat in the black area of the bus she was traveling on to make way for a white passenger who was standing.[4]:27 Mrs. Parks, a civil rights organizer, had intended to instigate a reaction from white citizens and authorities. That night, with Mrs. Parks' permission, Mrs. Robinson stayed up mimeographing 52,500 handbills calling for a boycott of the Montgomery bus system.[4]:34 The boycott was initially planned to be for just the following Monday. She passed out the leaflets at a Friday afternoon meeting of AME Zionist clergy, among other places, and Reverend L. Roy Bennett requested other ministers attend a meeting that Friday night and to urge their congregations to take part in the boycott. Robinson, Reverend Ralph David Abernathy, two of her senior students and other Women's Council members then passed out the handbills to high school students leaving school that afternoon.[4]:34

After the success of the one-day boycott, black citizens decided to continue the boycott and established the Montgomery Improvement Association to focus their efforts. The Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. was elected president. Jo Ann Robinson never became a member of this group. She had declined an official position to the Montgomery Improvement Association because of her teaching position at Alabama State.[5] She served on its executive board and edited their newsletter. In order to protect her position at Alabama State College and to protect her colleagues, Robinson purposely stayed out of the limelight even though she worked diligently with the MIA. Robinson and other WPC members also helped sustain the boycott by providing transportation for boycotters.

Robinson was the target of several acts of intimidation. In February, 1956, a local police officer threw a stone through the window of her house. Then two weeks later, another police officer poured acid on her car. Then, the governor of Alabama ordered the state police to guard the houses of the boycott leaders.[5] The boycott lasted over a year because the bus company would not give in to the demands of the protesters. After a student sit-in in early 1960, Robinson and other teachers who had supported the students resigned their positions at Alabama State College.[5] Robinson left Alabama State College and moved out of Montgomery that year.[6] She taught at Grambling College in Louisiana for one year then moved to Los Angeles and taught English in the public school system. In Los Angeles, she continued to be active in local women's organizations. She taught in the LA schools until she retired from teaching in 1976. Jo Ann Robinson was also a part of the bus boycott, and was strongly against discrimination.

Robinson's memoir, The Montgomery Bus Boycott and the Women Who Started It, edited by David J. Garrow, was published in 1987 by the University of Tennessee Press.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Mazurkiewicz, Margaret (2012-01-01). Contemporary Black biography. profiles from the international Black community Volume 100 Volume 100. Detroit, Mich.: Gale. ISBN 9781414480671. 
  2. ^ Hine, Darlene Clark (2005). Black Women in America An Historical Encyclopedia. Oxford University Press. pp. 69–70. ISBN 0-19-515677-3. 
  3. ^ Smith, Jessie Carney (1996). Notable Black American Women, Volume 2. Detroit: Gale Research. pp. 562–4. ISBN 978-0-8103-9177-2. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Freedman, Russell (2006) Freedom Walkers The Story of the Montgomery Bus Boycott Holiday House New York ISBN 978-0823421954
  5. ^ a b c d "Robinson, Jo Ann Gibson (1912-1992)". King Papers Project; Stanford University. Retrieved September 13, 2013. 
  6. ^ http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/enc_robinson_jo_ann_1912_1992/

Abernathy Ralph David (1989), And The Walls Came Tumbling Down, Harper & Row, Publishers, New York page 138 ISBN 0-06-016192-2

Bibliography[edit]

  • Robinson, Jo Ann Gibson and David J Garrow. The Montgomery Bus Boycott and the Women Who Started It: The Memoir of Jo Ann Gibson Robinson. Knoxville : University of Tennessee Press, 1987.

External links[edit]

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