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The General John A. Logan Museum
The General John A. Logan Museum
Published: 2013/01/25
Channel: VisitMurphysboro
John A. Logan at WK
John A. Logan at WK
Published: 2016/11/09
Channel: paducah2
John A Logan College - Arts and Humanities
John A Logan College - Arts and Humanities
Published: 2015/03/24
Channel: Jason Pinkston
John A Logan College - " It
John A Logan College - " It's all about you"
Published: 2013/12/04
Channel: Jason Pinkston
John A Logan College - "Our mission"
John A Logan College - "Our mission"
Published: 2014/03/03
Channel: Jason Pinkston
Lakerball Live Stream - VB - NJCAA DI Region 24 Tourney - John A Logan College vs. Kaskaskia College
Lakerball Live Stream - VB - NJCAA DI Region 24 Tourney - John A Logan College vs. Kaskaskia College
Published: 2017/10/28
Channel: Lakerball
Rend Lake College vs. John A. Logan
Rend Lake College vs. John A. Logan
Published: 2016/04/12
Channel: Jada Ballew
John A. Logan In Your Hands
John A. Logan In Your Hands
Published: 2009/10/14
Channel: JALCollege
John A Logan Harlem Shake
John A Logan Harlem Shake
Published: 2013/03/06
Channel: Seth Richardson
Illinois Adventure #1801 "General John A. Logan Museum"
Illinois Adventure #1801 "General John A. Logan Museum"
Published: 2012/06/13
Channel: WTVP
John A. Logan Construction Management Part 1
John A. Logan Construction Management Part 1
Published: 2009/11/23
Channel: JALCollege
John A Logan College Choir performing on The Grand Princess
John A Logan College Choir performing on The Grand Princess
Published: 2014/06/10
Channel: TheFancyChristine
John A Logan v Wabash Valley | NJCAA DI Men
John A Logan v Wabash Valley | NJCAA DI Men's District XVI Semifinal 2
Published: 2017/03/09
Channel: Rend Lake College
Layoffs at John A. Logan
Layoffs at John A. Logan
Published: 2016/05/06
Channel: Cory Ray
Giving Opportunity - John A. Logan College Foundation
Giving Opportunity - John A. Logan College Foundation
Published: 2012/05/31
Channel: arthuragency
Lakerball Live Stream - VB - Lake Land vs. John A. Logan
Lakerball Live Stream - VB - Lake Land vs. John A. Logan
Published: 2017/09/07
Channel: Lakerball
John A Logan College
John A Logan College
Published: 2008/08/29
Channel: tricsystems
John A Logan College| (618) 985-3741| Carterville| IL -  Business
John A Logan College| (618) 985-3741| Carterville| IL - Business
Published: 2015/01/14
Channel: John A. Logan College
Volleyball SWIC Vs John A. Logan 23 Aug 2017
Volleyball SWIC Vs John A. Logan 23 Aug 2017
Published: 2017/08/24
Channel: Warren Thomas
John A Logan College - "Confidence"
John A Logan College - "Confidence"
Published: 2014/11/04
Channel: Jason Pinkston
John A Logan College - "Why would you go anywhere else"
John A Logan College - "Why would you go anywhere else"
Published: 2016/08/15
Channel: Growing Media
John A Logan College| (618) 985-3741| Carterville| IL - Fall IGEN
John A Logan College| (618) 985-3741| Carterville| IL - Fall IGEN
Published: 2015/07/17
Channel: John A. Logan College
John A Logan College| (618) 985-3741| Carterville| IL - Fall Registration
John A Logan College| (618) 985-3741| Carterville| IL - Fall Registration
Published: 2015/07/17
Channel: John A. Logan College
John A Logan College Board of Trustees public meeting 3/21
John A Logan College Board of Trustees public meeting 3/21
Published: 2016/03/23
Channel: Jennifer Rose
Lakerball Live Stream - VB - Lake Land vs. John A. Logan
Lakerball Live Stream - VB - Lake Land vs. John A. Logan
Published: 2017/09/06
Channel: Lakerball
John A Logan College| (618) 985-3741| Carterville| IL - Cyber security
John A Logan College| (618) 985-3741| Carterville| IL - Cyber security
Published: 2015/08/01
Channel: John A. Logan College
Mineral Area College Men
Mineral Area College Men's Basketball vs. John A. Logan
Published: 2015/11/07
Channel: MAC Athletics
John A Logan College| (618) 985-3741| Carterville| IL  - Earthquake
John A Logan College| (618) 985-3741| Carterville| IL - Earthquake
Published: 2015/02/25
Channel: John A. Logan College
Joey Marciano John A. Logan JC Baseball
Joey Marciano John A. Logan JC Baseball
Published: 2013/11/06
Channel: joseph marciano
John A Logan College| (618) 985-3741| Carterville| IL - Campus Police
John A Logan College| (618) 985-3741| Carterville| IL - Campus Police
Published: 2015/02/24
Channel: John A. Logan College
John a Logan sophomore grd emile lewis highlights
John a Logan sophomore grd emile lewis highlights
Published: 2017/03/01
Channel: Emile LEWIS
Campus Conservation Nationals at John A. Logan College
Campus Conservation Nationals at John A. Logan College
Published: 2014/04/15
Channel: Rick W. Burkett
Men
Men's Basketball: Rend Lake College vs John A Logan College
Published: 2016/12/01
Channel: Rend Lake College
LTC Women
LTC Women's Volleyball hosts John A. Logan
Published: 2015/08/27
Channel: Lincoln Trail College Sports
John A Logan College| (618) 985-3741| Carterville| IL - 2014 Hunting and Fishing Days
John A Logan College| (618) 985-3741| Carterville| IL - 2014 Hunting and Fishing Days
Published: 2015/01/09
Channel: John A. Logan College
John A Logan College| (618) 985-3741| Carterville| IL - Humanities
John A Logan College| (618) 985-3741| Carterville| IL - Humanities
Published: 2015/06/07
Channel: John A. Logan College
2016 Lake Land Volleyball vs  John A  Logan #2
2016 Lake Land Volleyball vs John A Logan #2
Published: 2016/10/10
Channel: JK Watson
John A Logan College| (618) 985-3741| Carterville| IL - Discover a New You
John A Logan College| (618) 985-3741| Carterville| IL - Discover a New You
Published: 2015/01/09
Channel: John A. Logan College
John A Logan College| (618) 985-3741| Carterville| IL - Fire Safety
John A Logan College| (618) 985-3741| Carterville| IL - Fire Safety
Published: 2015/02/25
Channel: John A. Logan College
Performance at John A Logan College
Performance at John A Logan College
Published: 2016/07/01
Channel: Patrick Fischer
Lake Land Vs. John A Logan 2012
Lake Land Vs. John A Logan 2012
Published: 2012/11/29
Channel: lakervolleyball
Math Help Room/Student Success Center - John A. Logan College
Math Help Room/Student Success Center - John A. Logan College
Published: 2013/03/12
Channel: Terry Crain
John A Logan College| (618) 985-3741| Carterville| IL -  "Vo tech Programs"
John A Logan College| (618) 985-3741| Carterville| IL - "Vo tech Programs"
Published: 2014/08/06
Channel: John A. Logan College
Project Smile 2011 @ John A. Logan College
Project Smile 2011 @ John A. Logan College
Published: 2011/09/28
Channel: jalctlc
John A Logan at WKCTC: November 8, 2014 LIVE Basketball
John A Logan at WKCTC: November 8, 2014 LIVE Basketball
Published: 2014/11/08
Channel: paducah2
Volleyball District K Championship - Mineral Area College vs. John A. Logan College
Volleyball District K Championship - Mineral Area College vs. John A. Logan College
Published: 2016/11/06
Channel: MAC Athletics
Kyle Smithpeters Previews John A Logan
Kyle Smithpeters Previews John A Logan
Published: 2013/10/21
Channel: Chicago Hoops
John A Logan College - Community Health Education Complex
John A Logan College - Community Health Education Complex
Published: 2015/08/07
Channel: Jason Pinkston
John a logan sophomore guard Emile Lewis highlights
John a logan sophomore guard Emile Lewis highlights
Published: 2017/03/01
Channel: Emile LEWIS
John A Logan California Trip
John A Logan California Trip
Published: 2012/08/15
Channel: TheAbinoNinja
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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John A. Logan
John Alexander Logan crop.jpg
United States Senator
from Illinois
In office
March 4, 1871 – March 3, 1877
Preceded by Richard Yates
Succeeded by David Davis
In office
March 4, 1879 – December 26, 1886
Preceded by Richard James Oglesby
Succeeded by Charles B. Farwell
Member of the United States House of Representatives from Illinois's at-large congressional district
In office
March 4, 1867 – March 3, 1871
Preceded by Samuel W. Moulton
Succeeded by John Lourie Beveridge
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 9th district
In office
March 4, 1859 – April 2, 1862
Preceded by Samuel S. Marshall
Succeeded by William J. Allen
Illinois State Senator
In office
1853–1854 and 1857
Member of the Illinois House of Representatives
In office
1853–1857
1857
Personal details
Born John Alexander Logan
(1826-02-09)February 9, 1826
Murphysboro, Illinois
Died December 26, 1886(1886-12-26) (aged 60)
Washington, D.C.
Nationality American
Political party Democratic, Republican
Alma mater Shiloh College
University of Louisville
Signature
Military service
Nickname(s) "Black Jack"
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Union Army
Years of service 1847–1848, 1861–1865
Rank Union Army major general rank insignia.svg Major General
Commands XV Corps
Battles/wars

Mexican-American War
American Civil War

John Alexander Logan (February 9, 1826 – December 26, 1886) was an American soldier and political leader. He served in the Mexican-American War and was a general in the Union Army in the American Civil War. He served the state of Illinois as a State Senator, a Congressman, and a U.S. Senator and was an unsuccessful candidate for Vice President of the United States with James G. Blaine in the election of 1884. As the 3rd Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic, he is regarded as the most important figure in the movement to recognize Memorial Day (originally known as Decoration Day) as an official holiday.

His likeness appears on a statue at the center of Logan Circle, Washington, D.C. He is also honored with a statue in Grant Park in Chicago, Illinois. He is the honoree of Logan County, Kansas; Logan County, Oklahoma; Logan County, Colorado; Logan County, North Dakota; Logan County, Illinois; and Logan Square, Chicago, which is the neighborhood chosen to mark Illinois' centennial. Logan is one of only three people mentioned by name in the Illinois state song. Upon his death, he lay in state in the United States Capitol rotunda. He is the father of U.S. Army officer and Medal of Honor recipient John Alexander Logan, Jr. (1865–99).

Early life and political career[edit]

John A. Logan was born near what is now Murphysboro, Jackson County, Illinois.[1] He studied with his father, who was a physician, and with a private tutor, then studied for three years at Shiloh College. He enlisted in the 1st Illinois Infantry for the Mexican-American War, and received a commission as a second lieutenant and assignment as the regimental quartermaster.

After the war Logan studied law in the office of an uncle, graduated from the Law Department of the University of Louisville in 1851, and practiced law with success.

John A. Logan entered politics as a Douglas Democrat, was elected county clerk in 1849, served in the State House of Representatives from 1853 to 1854 and in 1857; and for a time, during the interval, was prosecuting attorney of the Third Judicial District of Illinois. In 1858 and 1860, he was elected as a Democrat to the U.S. House of Representatives. In 1853, John A. Logan helped pass a law to prohibit all African Americans, including freedmen, from settling in the state.[2]

Civil War[edit]

Logan at the Battle of Dallas, May 28, 1864
General John A. Logan in the staff of General William T. Sherman

U.S. Representative Logan fought at Bull Run as an unattached volunteer in a Michigan regiment, and then returned to Washington where, before he would resign his congressional seat on April 2, 1862, he had entered the Union Army as Colonel of the 31st Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment, which he organized. He was known by his soldiers as "Black Jack"[3] because of his black eyes and hair and swarthy complexion, and was regarded as one of the most able officers to enter the army from civilian life.

Before resigning his seat, Union Army Colonel Logan served in the army of Ulysses S. Grant in the Western Theater and was present at the Battle of Belmont on November 7, 1861, where his horse was killed, and at Fort Donelson, where he was wounded on February 15, 1862. Soon after the victory at Donelson, he resigned his seat on April 2, 1862 and was promoted to brigadier general in the volunteers, as of March 21, 1862. Major John Hotaling served as his chief of staff. To confuse matters, the 32nd Illinois was commanded at Shiloh by a different Colonel John Logan. During the Siege of Corinth, John A. Logan commanded first a brigade and then the 1st Division of the Army of the Tennessee. In the spring of 1863, he was promoted to major general to rank from November 29, 1862.

In Grant's Vicksburg Campaign, Logan commanded the 3rd Division of James B. McPherson's XVII Corps, which was the first to enter the city of Vicksburg in July 1863 after its capture. Logan then served as the city's military governor. In November 1863 he succeeded William Tecumseh Sherman in command of the XV Corps; and at the Battle of Atlanta (July 22, 1864), after the death of James B. McPherson during the day, he assumed command of the Army of the Tennessee. He was relieved a short time afterward by Oliver O. Howard. He returned to Illinois for the 1864 elections but rejoined the army afterward and commanded his XV corps in Sherman's Carolinas Campaign.

In December 1864, Grant became impatient with George H. Thomas's unwillingness to attack immediately at Nashville and sent Logan to relieve him. Logan was stopped in Louisville when news came that Thomas had completely smashed John Bell Hood's Confederate army in the Battle of Nashville.

Logan had been disappointed when Howard was given permanent command of the Army of the Tennessee after McPherson's death, and Sherman arranged for Logan to lead the army during the May 1865 Grand Review in Washington.

Post-war political career[edit]

Blaine/Logan campaign poster

After the war, Logan resumed his political career, now as a Republican, and was a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1867 to 1871, and of the United States Senate from 1871 until 1877 and again from 1879 until his death in 1886. His re-election bid in 1885 was contentious, and Logan only won after a Democratic representative died and was replaced with a Republican. After the war, Logan, who had always been a staunch partisan, was identified with the radical wing of the Republican Party. His forceful, passionate speaking, popular on the platform, was less effective in the halls of legislation. In 1868, he was one of the managers in the impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson. One of Logan's issues in the Senate was his efforts to stop any action taken to overturn the conviction in the court-martial of Maj. Gen. Fitz John Porter.

He was the second Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic from 1868 to 1871 and helped lead the call for creation of Memorial Day, originally called Decoration Day, as a national public holiday. His war record and his great personal following, especially among members of the Grand Army of the Republic, contributed to his nomination for Vice President in 1884 on the ticket with James G. Blaine, but they were not elected. For this campaign, he commissioned the painting of the Atlanta Cyclorama, which emphasized his heroism in the Battle of Atlanta.

Logan was also a member of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States - a military society which was composed of officers who had served in the Union armed forces during the American Civil War.

Logan showed signs of illness when the 49th United States Congress opened its first official session on December 7, 1886. By mid-December, Logan's arms swelled and his lower limbs were in pain. After several days of intense discomfort, the ailment subsided. He relapsed a few days later and eventually struggled to maintain consciousness. On December 24, Logan's doctor's conceded that the condition may be fatal. Around three o'clock in the afternoon on December 26, Logan died at his home in Columbia Heights, Washington, D.C.[4] After his death, Logan's body lay in state in the United States Capitol. He was buried at United States Soldiers' and Airmen's Home National Cemetery. Logan was the author of two books on the Civil War. In The Great Conspiracy: Its Origin and History (1886), he sought to demonstrate that secession and the Civil War were the result of a long-contemplated "conspiracy" to which various Southern politicians had been party since the Nullification Crisis; he also vindicated the pre-war political positions of Stephen A. Douglas and himself.[5] He also wrote The Volunteer Soldier of America (1887). His son, John Alexander Logan, Jr., was also an army officer and posthumously received the Medal of Honor for actions during the Philippine–American War. Another son, William B. Logan, participated in the Hayden Geological Survey of 1871.

Legacy[edit]

The State of Illinois commissioned an equestrian statue of the general that now stands in Chicago's Grant Park. Another equestrian statue stands in Logan Circle in Washington, D.C., which gives its name to the surrounding neighborhood.

Logan Square, Chicago and Logan Boulevard in Chicago are named after him, as well as Logan Avenue and the neighborhood of Logan Heights (aka Barrio Logan) in San Diego, and the community of Logan Township, New Jersey.[6] His hometown, Murphysboro, Illinois, is home to the General John A Logan Museum, as well as the General John A. Logan Elementary School; and, in nearby Carterville, Illinois, there is the John A. Logan College, a community college. Camp Logan, Illinois, an Illinois National Guard base and rifle range from 1892 to the early 1970s, was also named for him.[7] John A. Logan Elementary School in Washington, DC is also named in his honor.

Logan is one of only three individuals mentioned by name in the Illinois state song:

On the record of thy years,
Abraham Lincoln's name appears,
Grant and Logan, and our tears,
Illinois, Illinois,
Grant and Logan, and our tears,
Illinois.[8]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Jones (1967) p. 2
  2. ^ "The Black Codes". www.lib.niu.edu. 
  3. ^ Jones, James Pickett (1967). Black Jack: John A. Logan and Southern Illinois in the Civil War Era. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida. p. xviii. ISBN 978-0-8093-2001-1. 
  4. ^ "Death of John A. Logan". December 27, 1886. Retrieved September 23, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication – free to read
  5. ^ John A. Logan (1886). The Great Conspiracy: Its Origin and History.
  6. ^ About Logan Archived 2007-09-28 at the Wayback Machine.. Logan Township, New Jersey. Accessed August 22, 2007. "The town's name comes from Alexander "Black Jack" Logan, an American General and founder of Memorial Day."
  7. ^ Chicago and North Western Railway Company (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways. p. 51. 
  8. ^ {{cite web|url=http://www.illinois.gov/facts/statesong.cfm%7Ctitle=Illinois Official State Song], [[Illinois (state song)]|publisher=}}
  9. ^ "United States Soldiers' and Airmen's Home National Cemetery-Civil War Era National Cemeteries: A Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary". Nps.gov. Retrieved 2014-07-09. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]


U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Samuel S. Marshall
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 9th congressional district

March 4, 1859 – April 2, 1862
Succeeded by
William J. Allen
Preceded by
Samuel W. Moulton
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's at-large congressional district

March 4, 1867 – March 4, 1871
Succeeded by
John Lourie Beveridge
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Richard Yates
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Illinois
1871–1877
Served alongside: Lyman Trumbull, Richard J. Oglesby
Succeeded by
David Davis
Preceded by
Richard J. Oglesby
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Illinois
1879–1886
Served alongside: David Davis, Shelby M. Cullom
Succeeded by
Charles B. Farwell
Party political offices
Preceded by
Chester A. Arthur
Republican nominee for
Vice President of the United States

1884
Succeeded by
Levi P. Morton
Honorary titles
Preceded by
James Garfield
Persons who have lain in state or honor
in the United States Capitol rotunda

December 30–31, 1886
Succeeded by
William McKinley
Political offices
Preceded by
Stephen A. Hurlbut
Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic
1868–1871
Succeeded by
Ambrose Burnside

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