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John Ball priest
John Ball priest
Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: Century Old
JOHN BALL
JOHN BALL
Published: 2008/08/30
Channel: ichingiching
John Ball | Hannah, Niko and Lauren | England
John Ball | Hannah, Niko and Lauren | England
Published: 2016/09/23
Channel: folk of europe
John Ball (by Sydney Carter)
John Ball (by Sydney Carter)
Published: 2016/03/29
Channel: Daniel Kelly Folk Music
Sweeney Todd- A Little Priest [BCR]
Sweeney Todd- A Little Priest [BCR]
Published: 2008/08/05
Channel: tonyb1981
From Pro Soccer to the Priesthood: The Witness of Fr. Chase Hilgenbrinck
From Pro Soccer to the Priesthood: The Witness of Fr. Chase Hilgenbrinck
Published: 2016/07/15
Channel: Knights of Columbus Supreme Council
Patti LuPone Sweeney Todd "A Little Priest"
Patti LuPone Sweeney Todd "A Little Priest"
Published: 2008/06/11
Channel: MargoJean25
"John Ball": Yan Tan Tether at Otley Folk Club 05.07.17
"John Ball": Yan Tan Tether at Otley Folk Club 05.07.17
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: Glynn Jung
Priest Vickery House Guilty of Sex Offences
Priest Vickery House Guilty of Sex Offences
Published: 2015/10/27
Channel: shamefultruthtv
Priest Holmes Halftime 1996 Big XII Championship
Priest Holmes Halftime 1996 Big XII Championship
Published: 2014/11/26
Channel: BattlestarBevo
Meet Fr Vincent Stapleton, the hurling priest
Meet Fr Vincent Stapleton, the hurling priest
Published: 2017/10/06
Channel: Off The Ball
16 Career Ending Injuries NFL
16 Career Ending Injuries NFL
Published: 2015/08/30
Channel: Crooked TV
"A Little Priest" - Sweeney Todd : The Demon Barber of Fleet Street (2007)
"A Little Priest" - Sweeney Todd : The Demon Barber of Fleet Street (2007)
Published: 2013/04/21
Channel: Brock Graham
WebM Test II - Blind Priest Scene
WebM Test II - Blind Priest Scene
Published: 2011/10/16
Channel: Steven Schneider
"Woe to Me" by John Ball
"Woe to Me" by John Ball
Published: 2013/08/01
Channel: JohnBallMusic
The Gospel message in Les Miserables : The priest
The Gospel message in Les Miserables : The priest's song
Published: 2013/01/19
Channel: Yustos Anthony
HIGH PRIESTS
HIGH PRIESTS
Published: 2014/06/24
Channel: The Black Child
The Electric Belles rendition of
The Electric Belles rendition of 'John Ball' by Sydney Carter
Published: 2016/05/26
Channel: Jes Fernie
John Ball - "Woe to Me" (Studio Performance Video)
John Ball - "Woe to Me" (Studio Performance Video)
Published: 2014/02/05
Channel: JohnBallMusic
Judas Priest - Breaking The Law
Judas Priest - Breaking The Law
Published: 2009/11/24
Channel: JudasPriestVEVO
Ex Priest - Give Me Love [Theme Song: Tv Spot Magnum Double]
Ex Priest - Give Me Love [Theme Song: Tv Spot Magnum Double]
Published: 2017/05/24
Channel: Giacomo Massucco
Body & Soul: Priests
Body & Soul: Priests' focus on health
Published: 2013/08/21
Channel: Catholic News Service
Kingpin (1/12) Movie CLIP - Hustling a Priest (1996) HD
Kingpin (1/12) Movie CLIP - Hustling a Priest (1996) HD
Published: 2015/04/28
Channel: Movieclips
We
We're The Yulelog Lumberjacks
Published: 2011/12/01
Channel: yuleloglumberjacks
#JP2Classic: Inaugural Priests vs. Seminarians Basketball Game
#JP2Classic: Inaugural Priests vs. Seminarians Basketball Game
Published: 2015/08/07
Channel: Phoenix Diocese
Ultimate Zen-Oh FUSION VS Goku and Great Priest FUSION - Dragon Ball Super Alternative END
Ultimate Zen-Oh FUSION VS Goku and Great Priest FUSION - Dragon Ball Super Alternative END
Published: 2017/10/29
Channel: Sol Negro
Michael Ball :  You made me Love You
Michael Ball : You made me Love You
Published: 2014/10/17
Channel: Luite Lubberts
John Ball kicks off campaign for McAllen ISD School Board Place 3
John Ball kicks off campaign for McAllen ISD School Board Place 3
Published: 2013/03/21
Channel: YourValleyVoice
The Witch & The Priest, The Man & el Diablo
The Witch & The Priest, The Man & el Diablo
Published: 2015/12/15
Channel: SANCISTA BRUJO LUIS
Five Finger Death Punch - "Lift Me Up" (featuring Rob Halford of Judas Priest) Lyric Video
Five Finger Death Punch - "Lift Me Up" (featuring Rob Halford of Judas Priest) Lyric Video
Published: 2013/05/15
Channel: Five Finger Death Punch
PHIL X Plays Drills talks Star Trek and rips Priest 1994 Aloha Strat Prototype
PHIL X Plays Drills talks Star Trek and rips Priest 1994 Aloha Strat Prototype
Published: 2011/06/09
Channel: frettedamericana
Jaime "L-Jay" Priest - 3rd Grade Basketball 2015-2016
Jaime "L-Jay" Priest - 3rd Grade Basketball 2015-2016
Published: 2016/08/11
Channel: L-Jay Priest
DC Padres | Priests and Seminarians | Baseball Team
DC Padres | Priests and Seminarians | Baseball Team
Published: 2016/08/30
Channel: WashArchdiocese
War March Of The Priests Felix Mendelssohn  - Nathan Petherbridge
War March Of The Priests Felix Mendelssohn - Nathan Petherbridge
Published: 2009/09/26
Channel: RobCharles1981
Two Catholic Priests Have A Dance-Off, And It
Two Catholic Priests Have A Dance-Off, And It's Amazing
Published: 2014/10/24
Channel: Lastest News
Protons - Chris Priest
Protons - Chris Priest
Published: 2010/09/15
Channel: Vanishingincmagic
Lady Gaga - Judas
Lady Gaga - Judas
Published: 2011/05/03
Channel: LadyGagaVEVO
Mendelssohn - War March of the Priests, Op. 74
Mendelssohn - War March of the Priests, Op. 74
Published: 2013/06/26
Channel: mahlerman77
Fears Grow as Indian Priest Kidnapped by ISIS May Be Crucified Today
Fears Grow as Indian Priest Kidnapped by ISIS May Be Crucified Today
Published: 2016/03/25
Channel: IndiaTV
Wicked AdMINISTRation of Priest | Fall of El Dorado | Blood Covenant
Wicked AdMINISTRation of Priest | Fall of El Dorado | Blood Covenant
Published: 2017/06/07
Channel: TeachMe Tobepriestly
Salem Stalker: Marlena and the priest
Salem Stalker: Marlena and the priest
Published: 2014/05/31
Channel: Ball of the vampires
GRAND PRIEST explaining the rules of the TOURNAMENT OF POWER...
GRAND PRIEST explaining the rules of the TOURNAMENT OF POWER...
Published: 2017/03/10
Channel: PRIYANSU PULAK
Akashic Crow
Akashic Crow's Nest - Nephelococcygia asmr priest edit
Published: 2017/11/06
Channel: john smith
Ancient Priest _Sweet Salvation
Ancient Priest _Sweet Salvation
Published: 2010/12/09
Channel: MrLeeroyjohnson
Priest- "Reloader" Lyrics
Priest- "Reloader" Lyrics
Published: 2017/05/15
Channel: WakingTheFallenOnes
HD Mendelssohn War March of the Priests  - John Hong Organ 멘델스존 워 마치 2002
HD Mendelssohn War March of the Priests - John Hong Organ 멘델스존 워 마치 2002
Published: 2010/02/06
Channel: Global Praise Mission - John Hong Organ Time
Movie Priest Shows Rev 13 beasts. Illuminati Freemason Symbolism.
Movie Priest Shows Rev 13 beasts. Illuminati Freemason Symbolism.
Published: 2016/07/18
Channel: TheGroxt1
The Song of the Demented Priest - John Berryman
The Song of the Demented Priest - John Berryman
Published: 2014/08/16
Channel: poem notes
Priests
Priests' secret lovers make a plea to the Pope
Published: 2014/05/20
Channel: CNN
Judas Priest - Desert Plains (Guitar Cover)
Judas Priest - Desert Plains (Guitar Cover)
Published: 2013/12/22
Channel: Sylphid63
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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John Ball
John Ball encouraging Wat Tyler rebels from ca 1470 MS of Froissart Chronicles in BL.jpg
Medieval drawing of John Ball giving hope to Wat Tyler's rebels
Born c. 1338
Died 15 July 1381 (aged 42/43)
St Albans
Nationality English
Occupation Priest
Known for Peasants' Revolt

John Ball (c. 1338[1] – 15 July 1381) was an English Lollard priest who took a prominent part in the Peasants' Revolt of 1381.

Biography[edit]

He was born and lived in St Albans, Hertfordshire (Dobson has no reference to Ball's birthplace, noting that "remarkably little is known about his career". Ball referred to himself, if Walsingham can be believed, as "Seynte Marie prest of York"), later moving to Norwich and then to Colchester during the plague years of the Black Death. The country was exhausted by death on a massive scale and crippling taxes; the Black Death was followed by years of war, which had to be paid for. The population was nearly halved by disease and overworked, and onerous flat-rate poll taxes were imposed.[2]

Ball was imprisoned in Maidstone, Kent, at the time of the 1381 Revolt.[3] What is recorded of his adult life comes from hostile sources emanating from the established religious and political social order. He is said to have gained considerable fame as a roving preacher without a parish or any link to the established order[2] by expounding the doctrines of John Wycliffe, and especially by his insistence on social equality.[3] He delivered radical sermons in many places, including: Ashen, Billericay, Bocking, Braintree, Cressing Temple, Dedham, Coggeshall, Fobbing, Goldhanger, Great Baddow, Little Henny, Stisted and Waltham.[2]

His utterances brought him into conflict with Simon of Sudbury, Archbishop of Canterbury, and he was thrown in prison on several occasions. He also appears to have been excommunicated; owing to which, in 1366 it was forbidden for anyone to hear him preach.[3] These measures, however, did not moderate his opinions, nor diminish his popularity. He took to speaking to parishioners in churchyards after the official services: in English, the "common tongue", not the Latin of the clergy, a radical political move. Ball was "using the bible against the church", very threatening to the status quo.[2]

A modern aerial view of the Blackheath looking south

Shortly after the Peasants' Revolt began, Ball was released by the Kentish rebels from his prison.[3] He preached to them at Blackheath (the revolting peasants' rendezvous to the south of Greenwich) in an open-air sermon that included the following:

When Adam delved and Eve span,[a] Who was then the gentleman?[4] From the beginning all men by nature were created alike, and our bondage or servitude came in by the unjust oppression of naughty men. For if God would have had any bondmen from the beginning, he would have appointed who should be bond, and who free. And therefore I exhort you to consider that now the time is come, appointed to us by God, in which ye may (if ye will) cast off the yoke of bondage, and recover liberty.[5][6]

When the rebels had dispersed, Ball was taken prisoner at Coventry, given a trial in which, unlike most, he was permitted to speak. He was hanged, drawn and quartered at St Albans in the presence of King Richard II on 15 July 1381. His head was displayed stuck on a pike on London Bridge, and the quarters of his body were displayed at four different towns.[2] Ball, who was called by Froissart "the mad priest of Kent," seems to have possessed the gift of rhyme. He voiced the feelings of a section of the discontented lower orders of society at that time,[3] who chafed at villeinage and the lords' rights of unpaid labour, or corvée.

Ball and perhaps many of the rebels who followed him found some resonance between their ideas and goals and those of Piers Plowman, a key figure in a contemporary poem putatively by one William Langland. Ball put Piers and other characters from Langland's poem into his cryptically allegorical writings which may be prophecies, motivating messages, and/or coded instructions to his cohorts. This may have enhanced Langland's real or perceived radical and Lollard affinities as well as Ball's.[citation needed]

John Ball in popular culture[edit]

Ball is also mentioned at John Gower's Vox Clamantis line 793. Morley translates this as:

Ball was the preacher, the prophet and teacher, inspired by a spirit of hell,
And every fool advanced in his school, to be taught as the devil thought well.[7]:44

Ball appears as a character in the anonymous play The Life and Death of Jack Straw, published in London in 1593, which deals with the events of the Peasants' Revolt.

Illustration from title page to William Morris's A Dream of John Ball (1888)

William Morris wrote a short story called "Two extracts from a dream of John Ball", which was serialised in the Commonweal between November 1886 and February 1887. It was published in book form in 1888.

English songwriter Sydney Carter wrote an eponymously titled song about Ball that has been recorded by a number of artists.[8] 'Sing John Ball' is regularly performed in the UK by folk musicians including The Young' Uns, The Melrose Quartet, and in 2015 the group Sweet Liberties performed the song in the Houses of Parliament.[9]

There is a steep hill on the A5199 in Leicestershire, between Shearsby and Husbands Bosworth, that is colloquially called "John Ball Hill".

A tower chapel at the parish church of Thaxted in Essex was dedicated to John Ball under the Anglo-Catholic socialist vicar, Conrad Noel (1910–1942).

The Bedfordshire on Sunday, a free local newspaper based in Bedford, runs a weekly column by a fictional journalist called "John Ball's Diary", which features behind-the-scenes life in the office of the newspaper. The column is written by all the members of the editorial staff.[10]

John Ball appears in the 1954 historical novel Katherine by Anya Seton.

Ball made a star appearance in the Newbery Medal-winning 2002 novel Crispin: The Cross of Lead. He was a priest, as he usually is, and was assisting a character by the name of Bear in the Peasants' Revolt of 1381.

John Ball is referenced several times in T. H. White's The Once and Future King, most prominently in the fourth book, The Candle in the Wind. In the final chapter (14), King Arthur muses on his failure to unite England. King Arthur tries to understand what forces are at work that make mankind fight wars and references the "communism" of John Ball as a precursor to Mordred's Thrashers.[11]

John Ball's line, "When Adam delved and Eve span, Who was then the gentleman?" serves as the epigraph to Zadie Smith's 2012 novel NW, which follows characters who grew up on a council estate in northwest London.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Delved meaning dug the fields, and span meaning spun fabric.
  1. ^ Busky 2002, p. 33.
  2. ^ a b c d e Vine 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d e Chisholm 1911, p. 263.
  4. ^ "When Adam delved and Eve span,/Who was then the gentleman" Sources
  5. ^ BBC: Voices of the powerless – readings from original sources
  6. ^ Dobson 1970, p. 375 quotes from Thomas Walsingham's Historia Anglicana:

    "When Adam dalf, and Eve span, who was thanne a gentilman? From the beginning all men were created equal by nature, and that servitude had been introduced by the unjust and evil oppression of men, against the will of God, who, if it had pleased Him to create serfs, surely in the beginning of the world would have appointed who should be a serf and who a lord" and Ball ended by recommending "uprooting the tares that are accustomed to destroy the grain; first killing the great lords of the realm, then slaying the lawyers, justices and jurors, and finally rooting out everyone whom they knew to be harmful to the community in future."

  7. ^ Henry Morley (1867). English Writers (Volume 2, pt. 1). General Books LLC. ISBN 978-1235028014. 
  8. ^ "John Ball [Sydney Carter]". mainlynorfolk.info. Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  9. ^ "Sweet Liberties Launch, Speaker's House, Palace of Westminster, 16th November". Folk Radio UK. Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  10. ^ John, Balls. "John Ball's Diary". Local Sunday Newspapers. Retrieved 18 July 2011. 
  11. ^ The Once and Future King by T. H. White.

References[edit]

Attribution

External links[edit]

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