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1
Melvyn Bragg
Melvyn Bragg's Radical Lives EP1 : Now Is the Time John Ball BBC Documentary 2014
::2014/08/02::
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2
Building The Ernie Ball Music Man JPX with John Petrucci
Building The Ernie Ball Music Man JPX with John Petrucci
::2010/04/29::
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John Petrucci and the Music Man Majesty Guitar [Official]
John Petrucci and the Music Man Majesty Guitar [Official]
::2014/05/02::
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John Scalzi Sam Sykes Delilah S. Dawson Kevin Hearne Cherie Priest Leanna Renee Hieber
John Scalzi Sam Sykes Delilah S. Dawson Kevin Hearne Cherie Priest Leanna Renee Hieber
::2013/05/25::
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Heavy Metal Parking Lot (Judas Priest Concert 1986)
Heavy Metal Parking Lot (Judas Priest Concert 1986)
::2012/09/12::
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Sir George Thalben-Ball plays Mendelssohn - War March of the Priests
Sir George Thalben-Ball plays Mendelssohn - War March of the Priests
::2008/11/17::
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"A Little Priest" - Sweeney Todd : The Demon Barber of Fleet Street (2007)
"A Little Priest" - Sweeney Todd : The Demon Barber of Fleet Street (2007)
::2013/04/21::
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Rowan Atkinson in
Rowan Atkinson in 'We are most amused'
::2008/12/03::
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Cotton Ball Fr Ted Night dancing priest flash mob
Cotton Ball Fr Ted Night dancing priest flash mob
::2014/06/15::
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The Priests at Clonard
The Priests at Clonard
::2013/08/07::
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Aspects - Wulocks ft Raekwon, Killah Priest & Armageddon (Prod by Snowgoons)
Aspects - Wulocks ft Raekwon, Killah Priest & Armageddon (Prod by Snowgoons)
::2014/08/02::
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War March of The Priests - Felix Mendelssohn
War March of The Priests - Felix Mendelssohn
::2013/07/21::
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PHIL X Plays Drills talks Star Trek and rips Priest 1994 Aloha Strat Prototype
PHIL X Plays Drills talks Star Trek and rips Priest 1994 Aloha Strat Prototype
::2011/06/08::
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TES V Skyrim - John Belmont: Dragon Priest Hunter Episode 3: Krosis
TES V Skyrim - John Belmont: Dragon Priest Hunter Episode 3: Krosis
::2012/05/02::
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Sweeney Todd - A Little Priest
Sweeney Todd - A Little Priest
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Pair of US priests captivating audiences with tap dance routines
Pair of US priests captivating audiences with tap dance routines
::2014/10/23::
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A Little Priest - Angela Lansbury & Len Cariou (July 2005)
A Little Priest - Angela Lansbury & Len Cariou (July 2005)
::2006/10/17::
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18
Priest Gets Mugged - Victorious Sponge
Priest Gets Mugged - Victorious Sponge
::2014/04/06::
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Judas Priest - Painkiller Interviews
Judas Priest - Painkiller Interviews
::2013/12/11::
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Priest In Ireland sings Hallelujah at Wedding and shocks everyone.Please Watch
Priest In Ireland sings Hallelujah at Wedding and shocks everyone.Please Watch
::2014/04/19::
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21
Patti LuPone Sweeney Todd "A Little Priest"
Patti LuPone Sweeney Todd "A Little Priest"
::2008/06/10::
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22
Maxi Priest - Easy To Love [Official Music Video]
Maxi Priest - Easy To Love [Official Music Video]
::2013/06/17::
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Ernie Ball Presents "All Things Warped" Featuring: Four Year Strong
Ernie Ball Presents "All Things Warped" Featuring: Four Year Strong
::2014/11/05::
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24
[Hearthstone] Gaara
[Hearthstone] Gaara's Counter Priest Vs. Zoo Game 1
::2014/09/04::
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AMAZING Tap Dancing American Priests Become Viral Sensation
AMAZING Tap Dancing American Priests Become Viral Sensation
::2014/10/23::
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26
Future priests embrace celibacy
Future priests embrace celibacy
::2014/03/12::
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27
A Little Priest *Sweeney Todd, Opening Night, March 1, 1979* - Angela Lansbury and Len Cariou
A Little Priest *Sweeney Todd, Opening Night, March 1, 1979* - Angela Lansbury and Len Cariou
::2013/06/19::
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28
EWTN Daily Catholic Mass - 2014-8-4 - Fr. Anthony Mary - St. John Vianney
EWTN Daily Catholic Mass - 2014-8-4 - Fr. Anthony Mary - St. John Vianney
::2014/08/04::
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29
Priest playing poker against Daniel Negreanu!! WORTH TO WATCH!
Priest playing poker against Daniel Negreanu!! WORTH TO WATCH!
::2009/10/13::
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30
Slash Play Tests The New Ernie Ball Cobalt Electric Guitar Strings
Slash Play Tests The New Ernie Ball Cobalt Electric Guitar Strings
::2012/01/04::
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31
prophecy club ex satanic high priest exposes symbols speaker stephen dollins full length
prophecy club ex satanic high priest exposes symbols speaker stephen dollins full length
::2013/09/12::
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Espn Espy Awards 2014 - Full Show (HD)
Espn Espy Awards 2014 - Full Show (HD)
::2014/07/17::
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Wie spiele ich eigentlich...Breaking The Law von Judas Priest?
Wie spiele ich eigentlich...Breaking The Law von Judas Priest?
::2013/06/28::
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GZA - 4th Chamber (Feat Killah Priest, Ghost Face Killah  RZA) [Liquid Swords] 1995
GZA - 4th Chamber (Feat Killah Priest, Ghost Face Killah RZA) [Liquid Swords] 1995
::2012/08/09::
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Judas Priest - The Ripper - (Guitar Cover) - Stahlverbieger
Judas Priest - The Ripper - (Guitar Cover) - Stahlverbieger
::2012/11/11::
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War march of the priests - Mendelssohn
War march of the priests - Mendelssohn
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Preti (Priests) - Ep.15 Salmi 7:1-2 (Psalms 7:1-2)
Preti (Priests) - Ep.15 Salmi 7:1-2 (Psalms 7:1-2)
::2014/01/19::
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Andy McKee - "Myth Maker" Ernie Ball Set Me Up Session
Andy McKee - "Myth Maker" Ernie Ball Set Me Up Session
::2014/03/19::
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39
The Melvins - "Revolve" Ernie Ball Set Me Up Session
The Melvins - "Revolve" Ernie Ball Set Me Up Session
::2013/10/24::
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Dakota Priest, C, Prospect Video, Robinson High School
Dakota Priest, C, Prospect Video, Robinson High School
::2014/05/28::
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41
Antoine Dufour - "These Moments" Ernie Ball Set Me Up Session
Antoine Dufour - "These Moments" Ernie Ball Set Me Up Session
::2014/01/09::
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42
Rowan Atkinson Amazing Jesus
Rowan Atkinson Amazing Jesus
::2006/01/25::
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Cage The Elephant - "Come A Little Closer" Ernie Ball Set Me Up Session
Cage The Elephant - "Come A Little Closer" Ernie Ball Set Me Up Session
::2014/05/01::
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44
Ancient Priest _Sweet Salvation
Ancient Priest _Sweet Salvation
::2010/12/09::
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Anthony Green - "The More You Get The Less You Are" Ernie Ball Set Me Up Session
Anthony Green - "The More You Get The Less You Are" Ernie Ball Set Me Up Session
::2014/04/29::
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46
Judas Priest - Dreamer-Deceiver Deceiver - Old Grey Whistle
Judas Priest - Dreamer-Deceiver Deceiver - Old Grey Whistle
::2011/01/30::
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'Guardian Angel' Revealed: Crash Survivor Meets Mystery Priest Rev. Patrick Dowling
::2013/08/13::
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Judas Priest | Performing "Living After Midnight" | American Idol Season 10 Finale Red Carpet
Judas Priest | Performing "Living After Midnight" | American Idol Season 10 Finale Red Carpet
::2014/01/08::
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The Hellion / Electric Eye - Judas Priest - Drum Cover
The Hellion / Electric Eye - Judas Priest - Drum Cover
::2013/10/19::
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Grand Shield 2013 Red Priest  Co-operative Funeralcare Band North West
Grand Shield 2013 Red Priest Co-operative Funeralcare Band North West
::2013/05/16::
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John Ball
John Ball encouraging Wat Tyler rebels from ca 1470 MS of Froissart Chronicles in BL.jpg
Medieval illustration of John Ball encouraging Wat Tyler's rebels
Born c. 1338
Died 15 July 1381 (aged 42/43)
St Albans
Nationality English
Occupation Priest
Known for Peasants' Revolt

John Ball (c. 1338[1] – 15 July 1381) was an English Lollard priest who took a prominent part in the Peasants' Revolt of 1381.

Biography[edit]

He was born and lived in St Albans, Hertfordshire, later moving to Norwich and then to Colchester during the plague years of the Black Death. The country was broken by death and taxes; the Black Death was followed by years of war, which had to be paid for. The population was decimated by disease and overworked, and onerous flat-rate poll taxes were imposed.[2]

Ball was imprisoned in Maidstone, Kent at the time of the 1381 Revolt.[3] What is recorded of his adult life comes from hostile sources liable to exaggerate his political and Christian radicalism.[citation needed] He is said to have gained considerable fame as a roving preacher—a "hedge priest" without a parish or any link to the established order[2]—by expounding the doctrines of John Wycliffe, and especially by his insistence on social equality.[3] He delivered radical sermons in many places, including: Ashen, Billericay, Bocking, Braintree, Cressing Temple, Dedham, Coggeshall, Fobbing, Goldhanger, Great Baddow, Little Henny, Stisted and Waltham.[2]

His utterances brought him into conflict with Simon of Sudbury, Archbishop of Canterbury, and he was thrown in prison on several occasions. He also appears to have been excommunicated; owing to which, in 1366 it was forbidden for anyone to hear him preach.[3] These measures, however, did not moderate his opinions, nor diminish his popularity. He took to speaking to parishioners in churchyards after the official services in English, the "common tongue", not the Latin of the clergy, a radical political move. Ball was "using the bible against the church", very threatening to the status quo.[2]

A modern aerial view of the Blackheath looking south

Shortly after the Peasant's Revolt began, Ball was released by the Kentish rebels from his prison.[3] He preached to them at Blackheath (the revolting peasants' rendezvous to the south of Greenwich) in an open-air sermon that included the following:

When Adam delved and Eve span,[a] Who was then the gentleman?[4] From the beginning all men by nature were created alike, and our bondage or servitude came in by the unjust oppression of naughty men. For if God would have had any bondmen from the beginning, he would have appointed who should be bond, and who free. And therefore I exhort you to consider that now the time is come, appointed to us by God, in which ye may (if ye will) cast off the yoke of bondage, and recover liberty.[5][6]

When the rebels had dispersed, Ball was taken prisoner at Coventry, given a trial in which, unlike most, he was permitted to speak. He was hanged, drawn and quartered at St Albans in the presence of King Richard II on 15 July 1381. His head was displayed stuck on a pike on London Bridge, and the quarters of his body were displayed at four different towns.[2] Ball, who was called by Froissart "the mad priest of Kent," seems to have possessed the gift of rhyme. He voiced the feelings of a section of the discontented lower orders of society at that time,[3] who chafed at villeinage and the lords' rights of unpaid labour, or corvée.

Ball and perhaps many of the rebels who followed him found some resonance between their ideas and goals and those of Piers Plowman, a key figure in a contemporary poem putatively by one William Langland. Ball put Piers and other characters from Langland's poem into his cryptically allegorical writings which may be prophecies, motivating messages, and/or coded instructions to his cohorts. This may have enhanced Langland's real or perceived radical and Lollard affinities as well as Ball's.[citation needed]

John Ball in popular culture[edit]

Ball appears as a character in the anonymous play "Jack Straw," published in London in 1593, which deals with the events of the Peasants' Revolt.

Illustration from title page to William Morris's A Dream of John Ball (1888)

William Morris wrote a short story called 'Two extracts from a dream of John Ball', which was serialised in the Commonweal between November 1886 and February 1887. It was published in book form in 1888.

English songwriter Sydney Carter wrote an eponymously titled song about Ball which has been recorded by a number of artists.

There is a steep hill on the A5199 in Leicestershire, between Shearsby and Husbands Bosworth, which is colloquially called 'John Ball Hill'.

A tower chapel at the parish church of Thaxted in Essex was dedicated to John Ball under the Anglo-Catholic socialist vicar, Fr Conrad Noel (1910–1942).

The Bedfordshire on Sunday, a free local newspaper based in Bedford, runs a weekly column by a fictional journalist called John Ball's Diary, which features behind the scenes life in the office of the newspaper. The column is written by all the members of the editorial staff.[7]

Ball made a star appearance in the Newbery Medal-winning 2002 novel, Crispin: The Cross of Lead. He was a priest, as he usually is, and was assisting a character by the name of Bear in the Peasants' Revolt of 1381.

John Ball is referenced several times in T.H. White's The Once and Future King, most prominently in the fourth book, The Candle in the Wind. In the final chapter (Fourteen) King Arthur muses on his failure to unite England. King Arthur tries to understand what forces are at work that make mankind fight wars and references the "communism" of John Ball as a precursor to Mordred's Thrashers.[8]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Delved meaning dug the fields, and span meaning spun fabric.
  1. ^ Busky 2002, p. 33.
  2. ^ a b c d e Vine 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d e Chisholm 1911, p. 263.
  4. ^ "When Adam delved and Eve span,/Who was then the gentleman" Sources
  5. ^ BBC: Voices of the powerless - readings from original sources
  6. ^ Dobson 1970, p. 375 quotes from Thomas Walsingham's Historia Anglicana:

    "When Adam dalf, and Eve span, who was thanne a gentilman? From the beginning all men were created equal by nature, and that servitude had been introduced by the unjust and evil oppression of men, against the will of God, who, if it had pleased Him to create serfs, surely in the beginning of the world would have appointed who should be a serf and who a lord" and Ball ended by recommending "uprooting the tares that are accustomed to destroy the grain; first killing the great lords of the realm, then slaying the lawyers, justices and jurors, and finally rooting out everyone whom they knew to be harmful to the community in future."

  7. ^ John, Balls. "John Ball's Diary". http://www.bedfordshire-news.co.uk/Blogs/John-Balls-Diary/. Local Sunday Newspapers. Retrieved 18 July 2011. 
  8. ^ The Once and Future King by T. H. White

References[edit]

Attribution

External links[edit]

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