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Honey Fitz and Boston
Honey Fitz and Boston's 1905 Mayoral Election
Published: 2010/12/08
Channel: William Nelligan
President John F Kennedy
President John F Kennedy's the Honey Fitz, Presidential Yacht
Published: 2013/07/24
Channel: John Plump
John F. Fitzgerald Expressway (Interstate 93 Exits 28 to 18) southbound
John F. Fitzgerald Expressway (Interstate 93 Exits 28 to 18) southbound
Published: 2013/06/05
Channel: roadwaywiz
"The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald" - Gordon Lightfoot (HD w/ Lyrics)
"The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald" - Gordon Lightfoot (HD w/ Lyrics)
Published: 2010/08/24
Channel: Zeezy
Lo que no conocías sobre la vida de John Fitzgerald Kennedy
Lo que no conocías sobre la vida de John Fitzgerald Kennedy
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: AsiSomos
JFK John F.  Kennedy Transformation From 1 to 46 Years Old
JFK John F. Kennedy Transformation From 1 to 46 Years Old
Published: 2017/04/15
Channel: RandomVideoScore
John F. Fitzgerald Expressway (Interstate 93 Exits 28 to 18) southbound (Night)
John F. Fitzgerald Expressway (Interstate 93 Exits 28 to 18) southbound (Night)
Published: 2013/06/08
Channel: roadwaywiz
Ted 2 - F. Scott Fitzgerald Scene
Ted 2 - F. Scott Fitzgerald Scene
Published: 2015/08/19
Channel: BenderIsGreat
John F. Fitzgerald Expressway (Interstate 93 Exits 18 to 28) northbound
John F. Fitzgerald Expressway (Interstate 93 Exits 18 to 28) northbound
Published: 2013/06/05
Channel: roadwaywiz
F  Scott Fitzgerald "The American Dreamer" COMPLETE
F Scott Fitzgerald "The American Dreamer" COMPLETE
Published: 2016/01/25
Channel: MrMartinWHS
Zapruder Film Slow Motion (HIGHER QUALITY)
Zapruder Film Slow Motion (HIGHER QUALITY)
Published: 2011/10/01
Channel: ertGaming
John F. Fitzgerald Expressway (Interstate 93 Exits 18 to 31) northbound (Night)
John F. Fitzgerald Expressway (Interstate 93 Exits 18 to 31) northbound (Night)
Published: 2013/06/08
Channel: roadwaywiz
President John F. Kennedy
President John F. Kennedy's Inaugural Address
Published: 2011/01/16
Channel: CBS
Film and Photographic Glimpses of F. Scott and Zelda Fitzgerald - The Doomed Golden Couple
Film and Photographic Glimpses of F. Scott and Zelda Fitzgerald - The Doomed Golden Couple
Published: 2015/08/28
Channel: John Hall
John F  Fitzgerald Expressway  Route 93 South on November  28, 2002
John F Fitzgerald Expressway Route 93 South on November 28, 2002
Published: 2017/03/25
Channel: Jazzy Bill
[JFK] John Fitzgerald Kennedy Speaks Out About Mormons
[JFK] John Fitzgerald Kennedy Speaks Out About Mormons
Published: 2011/05/05
Channel: PresMittRomney2012
John F. Kennedy Funeral November 25, 1963
John F. Kennedy Funeral November 25, 1963
Published: 2011/04/17
Channel: tapsbugler
Introduction To The Honey Fitzgerald.mp4
Introduction To The Honey Fitzgerald.mp4
Published: 2012/11/27
Channel: Gregg Moree
John F Fitzgerald Highway Interstate 93 Southbound Night.
John F Fitzgerald Highway Interstate 93 Southbound Night.
Published: 2017/10/16
Channel: John Kfoury
john fitzgerald kennedy 05 january 1960
john fitzgerald kennedy 05 january 1960
Published: 2008/10/14
Channel: wesawthat
John F. Kennedy - President of the United States of America | Biography Documentary
John F. Kennedy - President of the United States of America | Biography Documentary
Published: 2013/04/12
Channel: The Best Film Archives
John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy's speech in Berlin
Published: 2012/04/01
Channel: mentorinabox
CBS-TV Interview With President John Fitzgerald Kennedy On Sept. 2, 1963
CBS-TV Interview With President John Fitzgerald Kennedy On Sept. 2, 1963
Published: 2013/03/10
Channel: President John Fitzgerald Kennedy
Like Pale Gold - The Great Gatsby Part I: Crash Course English Literature #4
Like Pale Gold - The Great Gatsby Part I: Crash Course English Literature #4
Published: 2012/12/13
Channel: CrashCourse
The casket containing John Fitzgerald Kennedy
The casket containing John Fitzgerald Kennedy's body is carried to an ambulance f...HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/04/30
Channel: CriticalPast
Boston - John F Fitzgerald Surface Rd
Boston - John F Fitzgerald Surface Rd
Published: 2012/08/18
Channel: Acregmed
F. Scott Fitzgerald Reading John Keats (Ode to a Nightingale)
F. Scott Fitzgerald Reading John Keats (Ode to a Nightingale)
Published: 2013/04/28
Channel: DarkBombJoe
Camelot Remembered: John Fitzgerald Kennedy (1917-1963)
Camelot Remembered: John Fitzgerald Kennedy (1917-1963)
Published: 2013/11/01
Channel: Norris SMITH
JFK - We choose to go to the Moon, full length
JFK - We choose to go to the Moon, full length
Published: 2008/08/27
Channel: Plasma Ben
John Fitzgerald Kennedy - la storia siamo noi
John Fitzgerald Kennedy - la storia siamo noi
Published: 2016/05/04
Channel: Zedda Sighs
John Fitzgerald Kennedy - From Baby to 46 Year Old
John Fitzgerald Kennedy - From Baby to 46 Year Old
Published: 2017/05/20
Channel: One Life One Video
John Fitzgerald Kennedy Speaking to America during the Cuban Missile Crisis
John Fitzgerald Kennedy Speaking to America during the Cuban Missile Crisis
Published: 2010/12/08
Channel: iconic
John Keats’s ‘Ode to a Nightingale’, Read by F. Scott Fitzgerald
John Keats’s ‘Ode to a Nightingale’, Read by F. Scott Fitzgerald
Published: 2017/02/23
Channel: Granta Magazine
Funeral Procession for President John Fitzgerald Kennedy
Funeral Procession for President John Fitzgerald Kennedy
Published: 2015/08/08
Channel: HistoryBUB
John F. Kennedy Jr. – Final TV Interview (May 1999) HD
John F. Kennedy Jr. – Final TV Interview (May 1999) HD
Published: 2017/01/22
Channel: Poetic Zenith
John F Fitzgerald Highway Interstate 93 Northbound Overnight.
John F Fitzgerald Highway Interstate 93 Northbound Overnight.
Published: 2017/10/16
Channel: John Kfoury
Audio Biografía de John Fitzgerald Kennedy JFK en español. Vida, historia y muerte
Audio Biografía de John Fitzgerald Kennedy JFK en español. Vida, historia y muerte
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: Audio Biografías
John Fitzgerald Kennedy (An Alexander Hamilton Parody)
John Fitzgerald Kennedy (An Alexander Hamilton Parody)
Published: 2016/11/06
Channel: Jackie Berger
JFK
JFK's 10 Best Speeches
Published: 2013/11/23
Channel: The Daily Conversation
"A THOUSAND DAYS: A TRIBUTE TO JOHN FITZGERALD KENNEDY" (1964)
"A THOUSAND DAYS: A TRIBUTE TO JOHN FITZGERALD KENNEDY" (1964)
Published: 2013/08/30
Channel: David Von Pein's JFK Channel
Let Us Begin Beguine/John Fitzgerald Kennedy
Let Us Begin Beguine/John Fitzgerald Kennedy
Published: 2008/10/03
Channel: Elwood Yodogawa
JFK - The Speech That Killed Him
JFK - The Speech That Killed Him
Published: 2012/08/08
Channel: EuropeanWatchman2
QUI A TUÉ JOHN FITZGERALD KENNEDY ? (22 NOV. 1963) | 2000 ANS D’HISTOIRE | FRANCE INTER
QUI A TUÉ JOHN FITZGERALD KENNEDY ? (22 NOV. 1963) | 2000 ANS D’HISTOIRE | FRANCE INTER
Published: 2015/05/10
Channel: HISTOIRE ► ÉMISSIONS DE RADIO « 2000 ANS D’HISTOIRE » | « AU CŒUR DE L’HISTOIRE »
Kennedy Center Honors Ella Fitzgerald 1979
Kennedy Center Honors Ella Fitzgerald 1979
Published: 2015/08/22
Channel: Thejazzsingers Jazz in Holland
John Fitzgerald Kennedy
John Fitzgerald Kennedy
Published: 2008/02/26
Channel: esthermorey
John Fitzgerald Kennedy A Tribute
John Fitzgerald Kennedy A Tribute
Published: 2006/09/22
Channel: Manny Ortega
President John Fitzgerald Kennedy After Two Years ( 1962 INTERVIEW )
President John Fitzgerald Kennedy After Two Years ( 1962 INTERVIEW )
Published: 2013/03/03
Channel: President John Fitzgerald Kennedy
John F Fitzgerald Highway Interstate 93 Northbound
John F Fitzgerald Highway Interstate 93 Northbound
Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: John Kfoury
Mini BIO - F. Scott Fitzgerald
Mini BIO - F. Scott Fitzgerald
Published: 2012/09/21
Channel: Biography
Eric Frattini - JFK - John Fitzgerald Kennedy
Eric Frattini - JFK - John Fitzgerald Kennedy
Published: 2017/02/11
Channel: Mapas de Otros Mundos
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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John F. Fitzgerald
J. F. Fitzgerald.jpg
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts
In office
March 4, 1895 – March 3, 1901
March 4, 1919 – October 23, 1919
Preceded by Joseph H. O'Neil (9th)
Peter Francis Tague (10th)
Succeeded by Joseph A. Conry (9th)
Peter Francis Tague (10th)
Constituency 9th district (1895–1901)
10th district (1919)
38th and 40th Mayor of Boston
In office
1906–1908
Preceded by Daniel A. Whelton
Succeeded by George A. Hibbard
In office
1910–1914
Preceded by George A. Hibbard
Succeeded by James Michael Curley
Member of the Massachusetts Senate
from the 3rd Suffolk district
In office
1892–1894
Boston Common Council
Ward 6
In office
1891–1892
Personal details
Born John Francis Fitzgerald
(1863-02-11)February 11, 1863
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
Died October 2, 1950(1950-10-02) (aged 87)
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
Resting place St. Joseph Cemetery
West Roxbury, Massachusetts
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Mary Josephine Hannon
(m. 1889–1950; his death)
Relations
Children
  • Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald
  • Mary Agnes Fitzgerald
  • Thomas Acton Fitzgerald
  • John Francis Fitzgerald, Jr.
  • Eunice Fitzgerald
  • Frederick Hannon Fitzgerald
Parents
  • Thomas Fitzgerald
  • Rosanna Cox
Alma mater

John Francis "Honey Fitz" Fitzgerald (February 11, 1863 – October 2, 1950) was an American politician, father of Rose Kennedy and maternal grandfather of President John F. Kennedy.

Fitzgerald, born to Irish immigrants, was a Democratic congressman who went on to win two terms as mayor of Boston, and made several unsuccessful runs for Governor of Massachusetts. He made major improvements to the port, and became a patron of the baseball team now known as the Boston Red Sox. He maintained a high profile in the city, with his theatrical style of campaigning, and his personal charm and charisma that earned him the nickname 'Honey Fitz'. His daughter Rose married Joseph P. Kennedy Sr., a son of his political rival P. J. Kennedy. In old age, Fitzgerald helped his grandson John F. Kennedy to win his first seat in congress.

Early life and family[edit]

John Francis Fitzgerald was born in the North End of Boston to Irish businessman/politician Thomas Fitzgerald (1830–1885) of Bruff, County Limerick, and Rosanna Cox (1833–1879) of County Cavan. He was the fourth of twelve children. Both of his sisters, Ellen and Mary, and his eldest brother, Michael, died in infancy. Fitzgerald's brother Joseph had severe brain damage from malaria and barely functioned. Only three of the children survived in good health. Fitzgerald's mother died when he was sixteen. His father wished for him to become a doctor to help prevent future tragedies of the sort that had marred the Fitzgerald family.

Accordingly, after being educated at Boston Latin School and Boston College,[1][2] he enrolled at Harvard Medical School for one year, but withdrew following the death of his father in 1885.[3] Fitzgerald later became a clerk at the Customs House in Boston and was active in the local Democratic Party.

Fitzgerald was a member of the Royal Rooters, an early supporters' club for Boston's baseball teams, particularly its American League team, the modern Boston Red Sox. At one point, he was the group's chairman, and threw out the ceremonial opening pitch in Fenway Park's inaugural game (April 20, 1912), as well as in the 1912 World Series later that year. His great-granddaughter Caroline Kennedy threw out the first pitch for Fenway Park's 100th anniversary on April 20, 2012.[4]

Political career[edit]

Fitzgerald was elected to Boston's Common Council in 1891. In 1892, he became a member of the Massachusetts Senate, and in 1894, he was elected to Congress for the 9th district, serving from 1895 to 1901.[5] These early victories came about with support from the powerful boss of Boston's 8th ward, Martin Lomasney.[6] In 1906, Fitzgerald was elected Mayor of Boston, becoming the first American-born Irish-Catholic to be elected to that office. In the process, he made an enemy of the powerful Lomasney, who had fielded one of his lieutenants for the office.[7] Fitzgerald served as mayor of Boston from 1906 to 1908, was defeated for re-election, but returned to the office again from 1910 to 1914.

Of his stylish manner, Robert Dallek wrote: "He was a natural politician—a charming, impish, affable lover of people..... His warmth of character earned him yet another nickname, "Honey Fitz," and he gained a reputation as the only politician who could sing "Sweet Adeline" sober and get away with it. A pixie-like character with florid face, bright eyes, and sandy hair, he was a showman who could have had a career in vaudeville. But politics, with all the brokering that went into arranging alliances and the hoopla that went into campaigning, was his calling. A verse of the day ran: 'Honey Fitz can talk you blind / on any subject you can find / Fish and fishing, motor boats / Railroads, streetcars, getting votes.' His gift of gab became known as Fitzblarney, and his followers as "dearos," a shortened version of his description of his district as 'the dear old North End.'"[8]

Fitzgerald's first term as mayor was little more than a poorly managed jobs-for-votes program, in which the city payroll expanded, and job-seekers were frequently granted provisional positions that did not require passing civil service exams. He lost the 1907 election in part because his opponent, Republican George A. Hibbard, promised he would be "cleaning up the mess" of his opponent.[9] The Republican-controlled city and state then attempted to reduce the influence of Democratic Irish ward bosses in Boston politics by altering the city charter. They eliminated the large common council, replaced the board of aldermen with a nine-seat city council, and extended the mayor's term to four years.[10] His 1909 reelection bid was almost scuttled by a bribery scandal involving no-bid contracts with kickbacks during his first term. Fitzgerald managed to escape prosecution, but made a long-term enemy in Daniel H. Coakley, an Irish lawyer who had defended one of the key figures in the business.[11] In addition to contending with Lomasney's renewed opposition, he also had to contend with the rising star of James Michael Curley, who was kept out of the race by offering him Fitzgerald's old Congressional seat.[12] Fitzgerald won a narrow victory in the election, against James J. Storrow, a stiff Protestant Boston Brahmin.[13]

Early in his first term as Boston's mayor, Fitzgerald formulated a plan to revitalize the commercial importance of the city under the banner of "A bigger, busier and better Boston". This plan died with his first term, but gained traction after his reelection. Fitzgerald was able to persuade businesses and the Massachusetts legislature to invest $9 million for improvements to the port by 1912. Within a year, the investments began to pay off in the form of new port traffic to and from Europe.[14]

The "Bigger, Busier and Better Boston" campaign, 1907.

He was for years the most prominent political figure in the city of Boston, where Patrick Joseph "P. J." Kennedy was a more behind-the-scenes Democratic Party figure. P. J. opposed Honey Fitz when the latter first ran for mayor, but they later became allies. In 1914, these two powerful political families (Kennedy and Fitzgerald) were united when P. J.'s elder son Joe married Fitzgerald's eldest daughter Rose.

Fitzgerald had, in the runup to the 1909 election, promised Curley that he would not run for another term as mayor, since it was a position Curley sought. In 1913, Fitzgerald decided to run, setting up a generational battle with Curley. Curley made common cause with Daniel Coakley, and they secured his withdrawal from the race after threatening to expose a dalliance he had with a cigarette girl (the same age as his daughter Rose) at a local gambling club.[15]

From March 4, 1919, to October 23, 1919, he again served in Congress, now for the 10th district, until Peter F. Tague successfully contested the election. Fitzgerald was an unsuccessful candidate for the offices of Senator in 1916 and Governor in 1922. His opponent for the Senate was Henry Cabot Lodge. In 1942, he ran a quixotic campaign for the U.S. Senate, and lost the Democratic primary to Congressman Joseph E. Casey.

In his later years, Fitzgerald focused on his business interests and on honing the political instincts of his daughter Rose's promising sons. In 1946, when John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy decided to run for Congress, 83-year-old Honey Fitz helped him plan his campaign strategy. At the victory celebration, Fitzgerald danced an Irish jig, sang "Sweet Adeline," and predicted that his grandson would someday occupy the White House. Shortly after his election to the presidency, President Kennedy renamed the presidential yacht the Honey Fitz in honor of his maternal grandfather.

Personal life[edit]

On September 18, 1889, Fitzgerald married his second cousin Mary Josephine "Josie" Hannon (October 31, 1865 – August 8, 1964). She was a daughter of Michael Hannon (1832–1900) and Mary Ann Fitzgerald (1834–1905).[16]

Children[edit]

Name Birth Death Age Notes
Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald July 22, 1890 January 22, 1995 104 years Married on October 7, 1914, to Joseph Patrick Kennedy, Sr.; had nine children: Joseph Patrick Kennedy, Jr., John Fitzgerald Kennedy, Rose Marie Kennedy, Kathleen Agnes Kennedy, Eunice Mary Kennedy, Patricia Helen Kennedy, Robert Francis Kennedy, Jean Ann Kennedy, and Edward Moore Kennedy.
Mary Agnes Fitzgerald November 1, 1892 September 17, 1936 43 years Married on April 29, 1929, to Joseph F. Gargan, Sr.; had three children: Joseph F. Gargan, Jr. and two younger daughters, Mary Jo Gargan and Ann Gargan.
Thomas Acton Fitzgerald April 19, 1895 September 7, 1968 73 years Married on September 7, 1921, to Marion D. Reardon (died February 7, 1925); had one daughter: Marion Eunice Fitzgerald. Married again on October 11, 1930, to Margaret Bernice Fitzpatrick; had two children: Barbara Ann Fitzgerald and Thomas Acton Fitzgerald, Jr.
John Francis Fitzgerald, Jr. December 7, 1897 April 1979 81 years Married on April 28, 1928, to Catherine O'Hearn; had three sons: John Francis Fitzgerald III, Robert P. Fitzgerald, and Fred Fitzgerald.
Eunice Josephine Fitzgerald January 26, 1900 September 25, 1923 23 years Never married.[17]
Frederick Hannon Fitzgerald December 3, 1904 February 8, 1935 30 years Married on October 26, 1929, to Rosalind Miller; had one son: Frederick Hannon Fitzgerald, Jr.

Death[edit]

On October 2, 1950, Fitzgerald died in Boston at the age of eighty-seven. His funeral was one of the largest in the city's history. President Harry S. Truman sent his sympathies and Fitzgerald's pallbearers included U.S. Senator Henry Cabot Lodge II, U.S. Senator Leverett Saltonstall (the grandson of the man who had given "Honey Fitz" his first job), future U.S. Speaker of the House John McCormack, Massachusetts Speaker of the House Tip O'Neill, and James Michael Curley. As "Honey Fitz" was carried to his final rest from Holy Cross Cathedral to St. Joseph Cemetery in West Roxbury, Massachusetts, a crowd of thousands who had gathered along the streets sang "Sweet Adeline".

Legacy[edit]

The official name for the Central Artery highway in Boston was "The John F. Fitzgerald Expressway," until it was torn down in the 1990s as part of Boston's "Big Dig" project which eliminated the Central Artery and replaced it with a tunnel. The resulting greenway above the tunnel where the expressway had been was named for Fitzgerald's daughter as the "Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy Greenway".

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "An Unfinished Life: John F. Kennedy Excerpt". 
  2. ^ "Full text of "Letters and speeches of the Honorable John F. Fitzgerald : mayor of Boston, 1906-07, 1910-13"". 
  3. ^ McGoldrick, Monica. You Can Go Home Again: Reconnecting with Your Family, p. 155. W. W. Norton & Company, 1995, ISBN 0-393-31650-5.
  4. ^ Boston Herald
  5. ^ "Massachusetts", Official Congressional Directory, 1896 
  6. ^ O'Neill, pp. 33-34
  7. ^ O'Neill, p. 36
  8. ^ "Chapter Excerpt: An Unfinished Life by Robert Dallek". 14 November 2006. Archived from the original on 14 November 2006. 
  9. ^ O'Neill, pp. 37-38
  10. ^ O'Neill, p 39
  11. ^ O'Neill, pp. 39-40
  12. ^ O'Neill, pp. 40-41
  13. ^ O'Neill, pp. 41-42
  14. ^ Fitzgerald, John F. (1914). Letters and speeches of the Honorable John F. Fitzgerald: mayor of Boston. City of Boston. Retrieved 23 November 2011. 
  15. ^ O'Neill, pp. 43-44
  16. ^ Goodwin, Doris Kearns (2001). The Fitzgeralds and the Kennedys: An American Saga. Simon and Schuster. pp. 88–89. .
  17. ^ "Ex-Mayor Fitzgerald's Daughter Dies at Boston". Fitchburg Sentinel. September 25, 1923. p. 12. Retrieved August 22, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication – free to read

Sources[edit]

  • O'Neill, Gerard (2012). Rogues and Redeemers. New York: Crown Publisher. ISBN 9780307405364. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Joseph H. O'Neil
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 9th congressional district

March 4, 1895 – March 4, 1901
Succeeded by
Joseph A. Conry
Preceded by
Daniel A. Whelton
Mayor of Boston, Massachusetts
1906–1908
Succeeded by
George A. Hibbard
Preceded by
George A. Hibbard
Mayor of Boston, Massachusetts
1910–1914
Succeeded by
James Michael Curley
Preceded by
Peter F. Tague
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 10th congressional district

March 14, 1919 – October 23, 1919
Succeeded by
Peter F. Tague

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