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JONATHAN DANIELS - THE SEPARATION YEAR VOL. 1
JONATHAN DANIELS - THE SEPARATION YEAR VOL. 1
Published: 2017/05/11
Channel: US Contint
Remembering Jonthan Daniels
Remembering Jonthan Daniels
Published: 2015/08/13
Channel: EpiscopalNewsVideo
Jonathan Daniels - ALL EYEZ ON ME
Jonathan Daniels - ALL EYEZ ON ME
Published: 2017/06/12
Channel: US Contint
cheaters Jonathan Daniels/ Myra Aguilera
cheaters Jonathan Daniels/ Myra Aguilera
Published: 2017/07/08
Channel: Milani W.
October 11, 2015: "The Legacy of Jonathan Daniels" with Ruby Sales
October 11, 2015: "The Legacy of Jonathan Daniels" with Ruby Sales
Published: 2015/10/20
Channel: Washington National Cathedral
Jonathan Daniels: Episcopal Martyr of Lowndes County
Jonathan Daniels: Episcopal Martyr of Lowndes County
Published: 2015/02/13
Channel: Alabama Department of Archives & History
Jonathan Daniels at Green Lake
Jonathan Daniels at Green Lake
Published: 2016/10/18
Channel: MooMooVision
The Granite Saint: The Story of Jonathan Daniels Part I
The Granite Saint: The Story of Jonathan Daniels Part I
Published: 2017/01/17
Channel: WMUR-TV
Jonathan Daniels
Jonathan Daniels' friends remember him
Published: 2015/08/26
Channel: EpiscopalNewsVideo
"In Their Words" - Dr. Jonathan Daniels, MD
"In Their Words" - Dr. Jonathan Daniels, MD
Published: 2014/05/28
Channel: PioneerHospital
At the Grocery Store - Jonathan Daniels
At the Grocery Store - Jonathan Daniels' Ppilgrimage
Published: 2009/08/22
Channel: episcopalatlanta
The Granite Saint: The Story of Jonathan Daniels Part II
The Granite Saint: The Story of Jonathan Daniels Part II
Published: 2017/01/17
Channel: WMUR-TV
Jonathan Daniels
Jonathan Daniels' Alabama companions recall his life
Published: 2015/08/27
Channel: EpiscopalNewsVideo
The Granite Saint: The Story of Jonathan Daniels Part III
The Granite Saint: The Story of Jonathan Daniels Part III
Published: 2017/01/17
Channel: WMUR-TV
Jonathan Daniels EYBL Game Winner
Jonathan Daniels EYBL Game Winner
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: US Contint
Bishop Curry
Bishop Curry's Sermon, Jonathan Daniels Pilgrimage 2015
Published: 2015/08/17
Channel: dracopalidine
Jonathan Daniels Pilgrimage 8.15.15
Jonathan Daniels Pilgrimage 8.15.15
Published: 2015/08/16
Channel: AL.com
Jonathan Daniels jamming out with his father Leona
Jonathan Daniels jamming out with his father Leona
Published: 2015/12/16
Channel: Lenny Daniels
Jonathan Daniels Guts Over Fear
Jonathan Daniels Guts Over Fear
Published: 2014/09/18
Channel: Premier Hoops
Making A Difference:Jonathan Daniels 50th Anniversary
Making A Difference:Jonathan Daniels 50th Anniversary
Published: 2015/03/12
Channel: Christian Brosseau
TWIA: "Blood Brother: Jonathan Daniels and His Sacrifice for Civil Rights"
TWIA: "Blood Brother: Jonathan Daniels and His Sacrifice for Civil Rights"
Published: 2016/09/14
Channel: TWIAtv
Healthy Pregnancy Tips, Jonathan Daniels, MD
Healthy Pregnancy Tips, Jonathan Daniels, MD
Published: 2014/04/23
Channel: Physician Group of Utah
Jonathan Daniels
Jonathan Daniels
Published: 2009/08/07
Channel: kobe234567
Jonathan Daniels
Jonathan Daniels
Published: 2010/10/14
Channel: Marcus Dennis
Shaheen Honors Slain New Hampshire Civil Rights Activist Jonathan Daniels
Shaheen Honors Slain New Hampshire Civil Rights Activist Jonathan Daniels
Published: 2015/03/10
Channel: SenatorShaheen
Jonathan Daniels playing 2nd fiddle tune at senito
Jonathan Daniels playing 2nd fiddle tune at senito
Published: 2015/09/26
Channel: Mary Daniels
Jonathan Daniels
Jonathan Daniels
Published: 2010/07/27
Channel: kobe234567
Jonathan Daniels playing fiddle with Donnie Pronte
Jonathan Daniels playing fiddle with Donnie Pronte
Published: 2015/10/27
Channel: Mary Daniels
Jonathan Daniels jamming with dad leonard
Jonathan Daniels jamming with dad leonard
Published: 2015/12/16
Channel: Lenny Daniels
Richard Morrisroe Recalls Memories of Civil Rights Protest with Jonathan Daniels
Richard Morrisroe Recalls Memories of Civil Rights Protest with Jonathan Daniels
Published: 2015/08/18
Channel: Washington Diocese
Jonathan Daniels service
Jonathan Daniels service
Published: 2015/08/18
Channel: Mark Wilkinson
2017 Jonathan Daniels Pilgrimage
2017 Jonathan Daniels Pilgrimage
Published: 2017/08/13
Channel: Episcopal Diocese of Alabama
Jonathan Daniels WCE Application
Jonathan Daniels WCE Application
Published: 2015/09/29
Channel: Jonathan Daniels
Freedom to Love the Enemy - Jonathan Daniels
Freedom to Love the Enemy - Jonathan Daniels
Published: 2015/08/10
Channel: David Simmons
The Sunday Forum: Jonathan Myrick Daniels: The Story Behind the Stone
The Sunday Forum: Jonathan Myrick Daniels: The Story Behind the Stone
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: Washington National Cathedral
Jonathan Daniels Pilgrimage 2010.mov
Jonathan Daniels Pilgrimage 2010.mov
Published: 2011/02/11
Channel: Episcopal Diocese of Alabama
Exclusive Interview: Jon Daniels
Exclusive Interview: Jon Daniels
Published: 2011/07/28
Channel: DFW Sports Beat
JONATHAN DANIELS FREESTYLIN
JONATHAN DANIELS FREESTYLIN
Published: 2012/09/01
Channel: jonathan daniels
Blake Shelton Fan Critically Injured - Country 105.3 FM (Radio Audio)
Blake Shelton Fan Critically Injured - Country 105.3 FM (Radio Audio)
Published: 2016/12/08
Channel: MisterCanning
Jon Daniels senses frustration from Josh Hamilton
Jon Daniels senses frustration from Josh Hamilton
Published: 2016/05/01
Channel: startelegramvideo
Jonathan Daniels 2 gig at the spirits of the north
Jonathan Daniels 2 gig at the spirits of the north
Published: 2015/11/30
Channel: Mary Daniels
Natures Classroom Vlog with Jonathan Daniels School!
Natures Classroom Vlog with Jonathan Daniels School!
Published: 2015/05/31
Channel: QuinnTheCaptain
Jonathan Daniels - Class of 2018 Application
Jonathan Daniels - Class of 2018 Application
Published: 2016/09/29
Channel: Jonathan Daniels
Visiting Artist Jonathan Daniels, UW-Stout Grad 2010
Visiting Artist Jonathan Daniels, UW-Stout Grad 2010
Published: 2014/02/10
Channel: University of Wisconsin-Stout
The Jonathan Daniels - The Eucharist
The Jonathan Daniels - The Eucharist
Published: 2010/08/25
Channel: episcopalatlanta
Dr. Jonathan Daniels - Prenatal Healthy Pregnancy
Dr. Jonathan Daniels - Prenatal Healthy Pregnancy
Published: 2016/03/02
Channel: SaltLakeRegional
Jonathan Daniels (Football Recruiting Video)
Jonathan Daniels (Football Recruiting Video)
Published: 2010/12/21
Channel: NCSAfootball
The Jonathan Daniels Pilgrimage
The Jonathan Daniels Pilgrimage
Published: 2010/08/25
Channel: episcopalatlanta
Jonathan Daniels playing 1st fiddle tune with Donn
Jonathan Daniels playing 1st fiddle tune with Donn
Published: 2015/10/27
Channel: Mary Daniels
MONIFF Interview with Jonathan Daniels Award Recipient Beth Murphy
MONIFF Interview with Jonathan Daniels Award Recipient Beth Murphy
Published: 2017/08/25
Channel: MonadnockIFF
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Jonathan Daniels
Jonathan Daniels.jpg
Born Jonathan Myrick Daniels
March 20, 1939
Keene, New Hampshire
Died 20 August 1965(1965-08-20) (aged 26)
Hayneville, Alabama
Venerated in

Episcopal Church USA

Anglican Communion
Feast August 14

Jonathan Myrick Daniels (March 20, 1939 – August 20, 1965) was an Episcopal seminarian and civil rights activist. In 1965 he was assassinated by a shotgun-wielding construction worker, Tom Coleman, who was a special county deputy, in Hayneville, Alabama while in the act of shielding 17-year-old Ruby Sales.[1] He saved the life of the young black civil rights activist. They both were working in the Civil Rights Movement in Lowndes County to integrate public places and register black voters after passage of the Voting Rights Act that summer. Daniels' death generated further support for the Civil Rights Movement.

In 1991 Daniels was designated as a martyr in the Episcopal church, and is recognized annually in its calendar.[2][3] He is memorialized in the Civil Rights Movement and other venues.

Background[edit]

Born in Keene, New Hampshire, Jonathan Myrick Daniels was the son of Phillip Brock Daniels (July 14, 1904 – December 1959), a Congregationalist physician, and his wife Constance Weaver (August 20, 1905 – January 9, 1984). Daniels considered a career in the ministry as early as high school and joined the Episcopal Church as a young man. He attended local schools before graduating from the Virginia Military Institute.[4] He began to question his religious faith during his sophomore year, possibly because his father died and his sister Emily suffered an extended illness at the same time. He graduated as valedictorian of his class.

In the fall of 1961, Daniels entered Harvard University to study English Literature. In the spring of 1962, during an Easter service at the Church of the Advent in Boston, Daniels felt a renewed conviction that he was being called to serve God. Soon after, he decided to pursue ordination. After a working out of family financial problems, he applied and was accepted to the Episcopal Theological School in Cambridge, Massachusetts, starting his studies in 1963 and expecting to graduate in 1966.

Civil Rights work[edit]

Old Hayneville Jail where Daniels and others were held
Varner's Cash Store, 2013

In March 1965, Daniels answered the call of Dr. Martin Luther King, who recruited students and clergy to join the movement in Selma, Alabama, to take part in the march for voting rights from Selma to the state capital of Montgomery. Daniels and several other seminary students left for Alabama on Thursday, intending to stay the weekend. After Daniels and friend Judith Upham missed the bus home, they had second thoughts about their short stay. The two returned to the seminary just long enough to request permission to spend the rest of the semester working in Selma, where they would also study on their own and return at the end of the term to take exams.

In Selma Daniels stayed with the Wests, a local African-American family. During the next months, Daniels worked to integrate the local Episcopal church by taking groups of young African Americans to the church. The church members were not welcoming. In May, Daniels returned to the seminary to take his semester exams and passed.

Daniels returned to Alabama in July to continue his work. He helped assemble a list of federal, state, and local agencies that could provide assistance for those in need. He also tutored children, helped poor locals apply for aid, and worked to register voters. That summer, on August 2, 1965, Congress passed the Voting Rights Act which would provide broad federal oversight and enforcement of the constitutional right. Before that, blacks had been effectively disfranchised across the South since the turn of the century.

Murder[edit]

On August 14, 1965, Daniels was one of a group of 29 protesters, including members of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), who went to Fort Deposit, Alabama to picket its whites-only stores. All of the protesters were arrested and taken to jail in the nearby town of Hayneville. The police released five juvenile protesters the next day. The rest of the group was held for six days; they refused to accept bail unless everyone was bailed.

Finally, on August 20, the prisoners were released without transport back to Fort Deposit. After release, the group waited near the courthouse jail while one of their members called for transport. Daniels with three others—a white Catholic priest and two black female activists—walked to buy a cold soft drink at nearby Varner's Cash Store, one of the few local places to serve non-whites. But barring the front was Tom L. Coleman, an unpaid special deputy who was holding a shotgun and had a pistol in a holster. Coleman threatened the group and leveled his gun at seventeen-year-old Ruby Sales. Daniels pushed Sales down and caught the full blast of the shotgun. He was instantly killed. Father Richard F. Morrisroe grabbed activist Joyce Bailey and ran with her. Coleman shot Morrisroe, severely wounding him in the lower back, and then stopped firing.[5]

Upon learning of Daniels' murder, Martin Luther King, Jr. stated that "one of the most heroic Christian deeds of which I have heard in my entire ministry was performed by Jonathan Daniels".[6]

A grand jury indicted Coleman for manslaughter. Richmond Flowers, Sr., the Attorney General of Alabama, believed the charge should have been murder and intervened in the prosecution, but was thwarted by the trial judge. He refused to wait until Morrisroe had recovered enough to testify and removed Flowers from the case. Coleman claimed self-defense, although Morrisroe and the others were unarmed, and was acquitted of manslaughter charges by an all-white jury.[7][8] (Disfranchisement had resulted in excluding blacks from jury duty, as only voters were called.) Flowers described the verdict as representing the "democratic process going down the drain of irrationality, bigotry and improper law enforcement."[9]

Coleman continued working as an engineer for the state highway department. He died at the age of 86 on June 13, 1997, without having faced further prosecution.[7]

Aftermath and commemoration[edit]

The murder of an educated, white seminarian who was defending an unarmed teenage girl shocked members of the Episcopal Church and other whites into facing the violent reality of racial inequality in the South. Other members worked to continue the civil rights movement and work for social justice.

Ruby Sales went on to attend Episcopal Theological School (now Episcopal Divinity School). She works as a human rights advocate in Washington, D.C. and founded an inner-city mission dedicated to Daniels.

Representation in other media[edit]

  • A play by Lowell Williams, Six Nights in the Black Belt, chronicles events related to the arrests in Fort Deposit, six nights in jail, and Daniels' murder. It also explores the relationship between Daniels and Stokely Carmichael, then a member of Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, with whom he shared a jail cell in Hayneville.
  • Daniels and his murder were referred to in the TV film Selma, Lord, Selma (1999). He was played by Mackenzie Astin.
  • An award winning documentary explores the life of this modern Christian martyr who gave his life bravely defending a young woman in Alabama during the civil rights era: https://vimeo.com/14117023

References[edit]

  1. ^ 4:32 PM ET (2015-08-20). "50 Years Ago, A White Seminarian Gave His Life To The Civil Rights Movement". NPR. Retrieved 2017-01-13. 
  2. ^ a b "Remembering Jonathan Daniels: Part 2". The Keene Sentinel. August 12, 2005. Retrieved March 23, 2008. [dead link]
  3. ^ For example, his image is included in the webpage of St Andrew's Episcopal Church of Birmingham, Alabama, see http://www.standrews-birmingham.org/
  4. ^ Sanborn, Karen, "Remembering Jonathan Daniels: Part 1", The Keene Sentinel, August 11, 2005.
  5. ^ Reed, Roy. "White Seminarian Slain in Alabama". 
  6. ^ "Jonathan Myrick Daniels (VMI Class of 1961) Civil Rights Hero". Virginia Military Institute. Retrieved February 2015.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  7. ^ a b "Thomas Coleman, 86, Dies; Killed Rights Worker in '65". The New York Times. June 22, 1997. 
  8. ^ a b "Leadership Gallery: Jonathan Daniels, 1939–1965", The Archives of the Episcopal Church.
  9. ^ "Life of John Daniels" Archived 2009-10-14 at the Wayback Machine., Keene Schools material.
  10. ^ The Garden of Gethsemani from Flickr.
  11. ^ Hein, David; Gardiner H. Shattuck Jr (2004). The Episcopalians. Church Publishing Incorporated. p. 136. ISBN 0-89869-497-3. 
  12. ^ Episcopal News Service, Retrieved November 23, 2013.
  13. ^ Josselyn-Cranson, Heather, ed. (2013). For All the Saints: A Calendar of Commemorations for United Methodists (2nd ed.). Order of Saint Luke Publications. p. 227. ISBN 978-1491076088. 
  14. ^ "Washington National Cathedral". Cathedral.org. Retrieved 2017-01-13. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Daniels, Jonathan Myrick (1992) [1967]. Schneider, William J., ed. American Martyr: The Jon Daniels Story. Harrisburg, PA: Morehouse Publishing. ISBN 978-0819215864.  Originally published as The Jon Daniels Story: with his Letters and Papers (New York: Seabury Press, 1967).
  • Eagles, Charles (2000) [1993]. Outside Agitator: Jon Daniels and the Civil Rights Movement in Alabama. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press. ISBN 978-0817310691.  Originally published under same title by the University of North Carolina Press (Chapel Hill, 1993).

External links[edit]

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