Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
Civil War Sword of General Josiah Gorgas
Civil War Sword of General Josiah Gorgas
Published: 2013/12/08
Channel: liz_ray3230
Josiah Gorgas
Josiah Gorgas
Published: 2016/01/08
Channel: WikiAudio
Gorgas  House Video Post Card - Fall 2014
Gorgas House Video Post Card - Fall 2014
Published: 2014/09/06
Channel: Sharony Green
Tips for Gorgas
Tips for Gorgas
Published: 2012/08/20
Channel: Empty Jones
William Gorgas
William Gorgas
Published: 2014/07/20
Channel: Crazy Architecture
The Amelia Gayle Gorgas Library
The Amelia Gayle Gorgas Library
Published: 2015/01/18
Channel: hjthomas1
Rare Civil War sword ends up in Hawaii jewelry shop
Rare Civil War sword ends up in Hawaii jewelry shop
Published: 2014/06/13
Channel: KITV
Gorgas Hall
Gorgas Hall
Published: 2012/05/07
Channel: University of the South
NHD William Crawford Gorgas
NHD William Crawford Gorgas
Published: 2015/02/09
Channel: Antonia Avila
Tony Graham - I
Tony Graham - I'm Gone
Published: 2012/07/27
Channel: Celine Chamberlin
Gorgas del Llec
Gorgas del Llec
Published: 2014/08/18
Channel: Yurok Adventures
American Civil War Confederate Officers CS Belt Buckle Unboxing Video
American Civil War Confederate Officers CS Belt Buckle Unboxing Video
Published: 2014/10/03
Channel: thebritishww2man
Keith Gorgas A Man Needs A Fish
Keith Gorgas A Man Needs A Fish
Published: 2013/07/06
Channel: John Furmanski
Civil War Swords and Sword Fighting
Civil War Swords and Sword Fighting
Published: 2013/04/02
Channel: Corey Smith
William Crawford Gorgas
William Crawford Gorgas
Published: 2012/01/30
Channel: DashaHoward
Old Civil War Sword
Old Civil War Sword
Published: 2011/07/21
Channel: djpan49
Confederate Naval Officer
Confederate Naval Officer's Sword (Dolphin Head)
Published: 2012/01/16
Channel: Civil War Guru
Visit Gorgas Library
Visit Gorgas Library
Published: 2011/05/16
Channel: Amelia Gayle Gorgas
josiah and his sword
josiah and his sword
Published: 2009/03/29
Channel: josiahrobert
Stonewall
Stonewall's Sword review
Published: 2015/05/16
Channel: calandale
The funeral procession of Surgeon General of the US Army William Gorgas moves alo...HD Stock Footage
The funeral procession of Surgeon General of the US Army William Gorgas moves alo...HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/05/19
Channel: CriticalPast
Boy recovering from head injury defies odds, runs races
Boy recovering from head injury defies odds, runs races
Published: 2015/03/06
Channel: WLKY News Louisville
Museum Robert E. Lee
Museum Robert E. Lee
Published: 2015/05/04
Channel: Q uincy
Ray Lewis
Ray Lewis' final dance
Published: 2013/01/06
Channel: Jared Hale
When does a Head Injury require medical attention? - Dr. Suresh H S
When does a Head Injury require medical attention? - Dr. Suresh H S
Published: 2016/03/18
Channel: Doctors' Circle - Ask Doctors. Free Video Answers.
Civil War sword discovered in Hawaii heads to mainland
Civil War sword discovered in Hawaii heads to mainland
Published: 2014/06/13
Channel: KHON2 News
Tew Sword Returns to The Citadel
Tew Sword Returns to The Citadel
Published: 2015/10/13
Channel: The Citadel
Magic at Work
Magic at Work
Published: 2013/08/12
Channel: bbcomer1
Civil War swords for sale
Civil War swords for sale
Published: 2007/11/14
Channel: encorebodyart
Confederate Sword appraised at $8K
Confederate Sword appraised at $8K
Published: 2011/05/04
Channel: FOX10 News - WALA
Confederate Naval Sword - Civil War
Confederate Naval Sword - Civil War
Published: 2010/05/06
Channel: Civil War Guru
John Small (British Army officer)
John Small (British Army officer)
Published: 2016/01/08
Channel: WikiAudio
"Confederate soldier" at the La Quinta Museum
"Confederate soldier" at the La Quinta Museum
Published: 2011/09/22
Channel: CovePotato
Night At The Museum
Night At The Museum
Published: 2014/02/09
Channel: WVUA 23
Quiropractico de San Diego y Oceanside Doctor de Dolores 760-433-4000
Quiropractico de San Diego y Oceanside Doctor de Dolores 760-433-4000
Published: 2010/01/20
Channel: Quiropractico Oceanside Chiropractor Dr. Michael Gorgas 760-433-4000
Ogham Mor Sea Spell - Rebirth
Ogham Mor Sea Spell - Rebirth
Published: 2014/05/18
Channel: Joey Morris
Julia
Julia's to auction recently found General Sickles gold Civil War sword, March 11th, 2013.
Published: 2013/03/08
Channel: James D. Julia
18. "War So Terrible": Why the Union Won and the Confederacy Lost at Home and Abroad
18. "War So Terrible": Why the Union Won and the Confederacy Lost at Home and Abroad
Published: 2008/11/21
Channel: YaleCourses
Tackles válidos en Quidditch
Tackles válidos en Quidditch
Published: 2016/08/21
Channel: Santiago Snidgets - Quidditch Chile Videos
Kennesaw Mountain and the Atlanta Campaign (Lecture)
Kennesaw Mountain and the Atlanta Campaign (Lecture)
Published: 2014/02/28
Channel: GettysburgNPS
Confederate Soldier John Mayfield "Passing of the Canteen"
Confederate Soldier John Mayfield "Passing of the Canteen"
Published: 2012/05/12
Channel: Kenneth Willis
Civil War Antiques, NCO Civil War Sword from our antiques mall at Gannon
Civil War Antiques, NCO Civil War Sword from our antiques mall at Gannon's Antiques
Published: 2013/05/25
Channel: GannonsAntiques
4th Grade Alabama History Week #8
4th Grade Alabama History Week #8
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: Tish Bergantz
Vertebrate Paleontology Social Media Project
Vertebrate Paleontology Social Media Project
Published: 2013/12/10
Channel: Trever Chidester
The Sword of Robert Lee.MOV
The Sword of Robert Lee.MOV
Published: 2011/01/22
Channel: Arnold Mackey
MikesFinds - Swiss Sawback Short Sword
MikesFinds - Swiss Sawback Short Sword
Published: 2011/12/31
Channel: MikesFinds
1845 N P Ames Civil War Naval Navy Sword USN
1845 N P Ames Civil War Naval Navy Sword USN
Published: 2013/01/04
Channel: Zawbone
2014 Chilliwack Gun Show, very RARE Luger (Safety Grip) made for U.S.A. in 1901-02
2014 Chilliwack Gun Show, very RARE Luger (Safety Grip) made for U.S.A. in 1901-02
Published: 2014/03/12
Channel: GunsTalkChinese
TRAILER for "Brooms Up!" : Quidditch World Cup IV documentary
TRAILER for "Brooms Up!" : Quidditch World Cup IV documentary
Published: 2016/03/01
Channel: US Quidditch
Joy Anna Duggar Gushes Over Engagement to Austin Forsyth ‘We Are Holding Hands So That’s Pretty Spec
Joy Anna Duggar Gushes Over Engagement to Austin Forsyth ‘We Are Holding Hands So That’s Pretty Spec
Published: 2017/03/04
Channel: Channel News
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Josiah Gorgas
Josiah Gorgas.jpg
Born July 1, 1818
Lancaster County, Pennsylvania
Died May 15, 1883(1883-05-15) (aged 64)
Tuscaloosa, Alabama
Allegiance  United States of America
 Confederate States of America
Service/branch  United States Army
 Confederate States Army
Years of service 1841–1861 (USA)
1861–1865 (CSA)
Rank Union army cpt rank insignia.jpg Captain (USA)
Confederate States of America General.png Brigadier general (CSA)
Battles/wars Mexican-American War
American Civil War

Josiah Gorgas (Also known as Joseph) (July 1, 1818 – May 15, 1883) was one of the few Northern-born Confederate generals and was later president of the University of Alabama.[1]

As chief of ordnance during the American Civil War, Gorgas managed to keep the Confederate armies well supplied with weapons and ammunition, despite the Union blockade and even though the South had hardly any munitions industry before the war began. In this effort he also worked closely with the Fraser, Trenholm shipping company that brought in shipments of ordnance by means of blockade runners. He kept diaries during the Civil War which are now a popular subject of study for historians.[2]

Early life[edit]

Josiah Gorgas was born in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. He was graduated from West Point in 1841 and was assigned to the Ordnance Department. He served in the Mexican-American War and was promoted to captain in 1855. In 1853, he married Amelia Gayle, daughter of former Alabama governor John Gayle.

Gorgas served in arsenals in different parts of the country before the Civil War broke out. Early in his career, Gorgas served at Watervliet Arsenal near Troy, New York, and at the Detroit Arsenal. Following the Mexican-American War, Gorgas served in Pennsylvania and in November 1851 was transferred to Fort Monroe in Virginia. There he began his association with the Tredegar Iron Company, which would become an important Southern foundry once the Civil War began. Gorgas went on to serve at the Mount Vernon Arsenal north of Mobile, Alabama beginning in 1853. He was commanding the Frankford Arsenal when he resigned from the United States Army on March 21, 1861 (effective April 3).[2]

Civil War[edit]

Having made the decision to participate in the secession, apparently motivated as much because of professional conflicts as by political principle, he moved to Richmond and became Chief of Ordnance for the Confederacy with the rank of Major.[2] Having served in nearly every arsenal in the nation he was the perfect choice for the position.[3] In this capacity, he worked to create an armaments industry almost from scratch. The South had no foundry except the Tredegar Iron Works. There were no rifle works except small arsenals in Richmond, and Fayetteville, North Carolina, plus the captured machines from the U.S. arsenal in Harpers Ferry.

In the procurement of arms Gorgas also corresponded with Charles Prioleau, who headed Trenholm's Liverpool office, arranging for the shipping of arms and other supplies to the Confederacy. Most of the arms sent to the Confederacy departed from Liverpool. During the summer of 1861, Gorgas stockpiled supplies and prepared his first load of cargo while the Trenholm company procured a suitable ship for the voyage. A 1,200 ton iron-hulled steamer, the Bermuda, was chosen to make the voyage.[3]

Gorgas established armories and foundries, found alternative sources for saltpeter, and created a huge gunpowder mill at the Augusta Arsenal. Thanks to his efforts, the Southern armies never lacked weapons, though they were short on almost everything else. On November 10, 1864, Gorgas was promoted to brigadier general.[2]

Postbellum[edit]

After the war, Gorgas purchased an interest in the Brierfield Furnace in Bibb County, near Ashby in Alabama, which had helped supply the in Confederate Naval Ordnance Works in Selma.[4] The other directors appointed him to manage the iron works and he moved his family to the furnace site. Due to high operating and management costs he was forced to lease the iron works after just a couple of years in operation.[2][5]

In 1870 Gorgas accepted a position at the newly established University of the South in Sewanee, Tennessee. His position there was marked by discord with the Board of Trustees and the stress of keeping the university financially afloat. In 1878, he was elected 8th president of the University of Alabama. When he was forced to resign due to ill health, the trustees created the position of librarian for him, the position in which his wife was to succeed him. Upon his retirement, the university gave his family the 1829 dining hall which had been converted to a faculty residence in 1847. The building was dedicated as a memorial to the family in 1944, and is now known as Gorgas House.

Gorgas died at the age of 65 in Tuscaloosa in 1883. His widow Amelia served as the university's librarian for 23 years after his death and the main university library is named the Amelia Gayle Gorgas Library in her honor. Their oldest son, William Crawford Gorgas (born 1854) served as Surgeon General of the U.S. Army and is credited with implementing preventative measures against malaria that allowed for the completion of the Panama Canal.[2]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Vandiver, Frank E. (1952) Ploughshares into Swords: Josiah Gorgas and Confederate Ordnance. Austin, Texas
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Josiah Gorgas (1818-1883)". DeCredico, M. A.
    Encyclopedia Virginia and Virginia Foundation for the Humanities. Retrieved 14 December 2010.
      External link in |publisher= (help)
  3. ^ a b Konstam, Bryan, 2004 p.8
  4. ^ "Bibb Furnace". Historical Marker Database. Retrieved 25 September 2015. 
  5. ^ Kennedy, Victoria (August 23, 2010) "Team digs up 1850s historic Gorgas family home site." Birmingham News

References[edit]

  • Gorgas, Josiah (1995). Sarah Woolfolk Wiggins, ed. The Journals of Josiah Gorgas, 1857-1878.
    University of Alabama Press. p. 305. ISBN 0-8071-0007-2.
      Url
  • Konstam, Angus; Bryan, Tony (2004). Confederate Blockade Runner 1861-65.
    Osprey Publishing, Wisconsin. p. 48.
      Url
  • McPherson, James M. (1988), Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era, Oxford History of the United States, New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-503863-7 
  • Vandiver, Frank E., ed., The Civil War Diary of General Josiah Gorgas (University of Alabama, 1947)
  • Warner, Ezra J. (1959), Generals in Gray: Lives of the Confederate Commanders, Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, ISBN 978-0-8071-0823-9 

External links[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license