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Mortification - Journey of Reconciliation (with lyrics)
Mortification - Journey of Reconciliation (with lyrics)
Published: 2011/01/09
Channel: Neoraff13
Oral History Interview with Igal Roodenko, participant in 1947 Journey of Reconciliation
Oral History Interview with Igal Roodenko, participant in 1947 Journey of Reconciliation
Published: 2009/03/07
Channel: SouthernHistorical
Priscilla Shirer Sermons 2015 - A Chat On A Couple
Priscilla Shirer Sermons 2015 - A Chat On A Couple's Journey To Reconciliation - Priscilla Shirer ✓
Published: 2015/12/06
Channel: Priscilla Shirer Sermons
A Journey of Reconciliation and Re-building Relationships | Luke Dandurand | TEDxLangleyED
A Journey of Reconciliation and Re-building Relationships | Luke Dandurand | TEDxLangleyED
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: TEDx Talks
Production of From the Heart: Enter into the Journey of Reconciliation
Production of From the Heart: Enter into the Journey of Reconciliation
Published: 2013/02/26
Channel: Ilya Stavitsky
Cleanaway
Cleanaway's reconciliation journey
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: CleanawayAU
WWII Widows Journey for Reconciliation   CBS Sunday Morning   6 10 12
WWII Widows Journey for Reconciliation CBS Sunday Morning 6 10 12
Published: 2014/03/07
Channel: News All Day
Production of From the Heart Enter into the Journey of Reconciliation
Production of From the Heart Enter into the Journey of Reconciliation
Published: 2016/11/28
Channel: Ilya Stavitsky
Week 5 | Dr. Bruce Fields - Soul Care in the Journey of Reconciliation
Week 5 | Dr. Bruce Fields - Soul Care in the Journey of Reconciliation
Published: 2016/10/07
Channel: Mosaic Ministries at TEDS
Journey of Reconciliation
Journey of Reconciliation
Published: 2014/12/25
Channel: Lightforce - Topic
Journey Of Reconciliation
Journey Of Reconciliation
Published: 2014/10/18
Channel: Lightforce - Topic
Mortification - Journey Of Reconcilation
Mortification - Journey Of Reconcilation
Published: 2013/03/27
Channel: Moisés Gomes
Priscilla Shirer — A Couple
Priscilla Shirer — A Couple's Journey To Reconciliation
Published: 2017/04/07
Channel: Audio Sermons
Reconciliation Journey - BOMA Minute 4-23-17
Reconciliation Journey - BOMA Minute 4-23-17
Published: 2017/04/23
Channel: Ty Gray-EL
Journey of Reconciliation: Ray Silver Sr.
Journey of Reconciliation: Ray Silver Sr.
Published: 2016/04/12
Channel: Bridget Getty
A Journey of Discovery, Truth and Reconciliation | Cecelia Reekie | TEDxLangleyED
A Journey of Discovery, Truth and Reconciliation | Cecelia Reekie | TEDxLangleyED
Published: 2016/03/10
Channel: TEDx Talks
The Journey, Reconciliation Australia and Song Division
The Journey, Reconciliation Australia and Song Division
Published: 2014/03/13
Channel: ReconciliationAus
mortification  -  journey of reconciliation  -  1991  -  australia
mortification - journey of reconciliation - 1991 - australia
Published: 2015/08/30
Channel: wesse boyman
mortification-journey of reconciliation cover
mortification-journey of reconciliation cover
Published: 2016/01/09
Channel: Aguinaldo Adolfo Bila
Journey to Reconciliation Visited Worlds of Presidents, Popes and Spies
Journey to Reconciliation Visited Worlds of Presidents, Popes and Spies
Published: 2014/12/18
Channel: SanDiego Evidence
Brenda Salter McNeil: Journey to Reconciliation and Racial Healing - Biola University Chapel
Brenda Salter McNeil: Journey to Reconciliation and Racial Healing - Biola University Chapel
Published: 2016/02/25
Channel: BiolaUniversity
Journey of Reconciliation Part 1
Journey of Reconciliation Part 1
Published: 2016/07/19
Channel: Columbia Bible College
Journey of reconciliation Mortification (bass cover)
Journey of reconciliation Mortification (bass cover)
Published: 2014/11/17
Channel: Metal for god
Charlene Bearhead Journey to reconciliation: Following the path of truth through student research
Charlene Bearhead Journey to reconciliation: Following the path of truth through student research
Published: 2015/08/28
Channel: Marc Spooner
Stronger Communities - Taking the next steps on our reconciliation journey
Stronger Communities - Taking the next steps on our reconciliation journey
Published: 2017/05/26
Channel: Woodside Energy
Pope: May Turks and Armenians take up again the journey of reconciliation
Pope: May Turks and Armenians take up again the journey of reconciliation
Published: 2016/06/26
Channel: The Vatican
Journey to Reconciliation Interviews V2
Journey to Reconciliation Interviews V2
Published: 2017/06/30
Channel: NewScoop YYC
Bayard Rustin: Journey of Reconciliation
Bayard Rustin: Journey of Reconciliation
Published: 2012/02/01
Channel: Bridge Film Festival
Journey to Reconciliation Event Overview V2
Journey to Reconciliation Event Overview V2
Published: 2017/06/30
Channel: NewScoop YYC
Doug Brown - Soldier On : A journey of reconciliation
Doug Brown - Soldier On : A journey of reconciliation
Published: 2014/04/07
Channel: MFS SFM
Returning to the Image of God Series Journey of Reconciliation Gn  37 8 13 17
Returning to the Image of God Series Journey of Reconciliation Gn 37 8 13 17
Published: 2017/08/16
Channel: Bell SpringsUMC
Journey Of Reconciliation
Journey Of Reconciliation
Published: 2015/11/11
Channel: Lightforce - Topic
Wab Kinew: Indigenous Innovation and the Journey to Reconciliation
Wab Kinew: Indigenous Innovation and the Journey to Reconciliation
Published: 2015/03/19
Channel: The CanadianCanoeMuseum
The Journey | Reconciliation Australia & Song Division Cover
The Journey | Reconciliation Australia & Song Division Cover
Published: 2015/05/31
Channel: Nepal Music
Dedication of Historic Marker Commemorating the 1947 Journey of Reconciliation
Dedication of Historic Marker Commemorating the 1947 Journey of Reconciliation
Published: 2009/03/02
Channel: SouthernHistorical
Journey of Reconciliation Part 2
Journey of Reconciliation Part 2
Published: 2016/07/19
Channel: Columbia Bible College
Journey of Reconciliation Part 3
Journey of Reconciliation Part 3
Published: 2016/07/19
Channel: Columbia Bible College
Closing the gap - Our journey to reconciliation
Closing the gap - Our journey to reconciliation
Published: 2017/05/30
Channel: Merri Health
Brenda Salter McNeil: Journey to Reconciliation and Racial Healing Part 2 - AfterDark Chapel
Brenda Salter McNeil: Journey to Reconciliation and Racial Healing Part 2 - AfterDark Chapel
Published: 2016/02/25
Channel: BiolaUniversity
A journey to reconciliation
A journey to reconciliation
Published: 2016/02/28
Channel: Thierry Robillard-Martel
A journey of reconciliation
A journey of reconciliation
Published: 2015/02/26
Channel: Penda Jirani
Journey Towards Reconciliation Trailer
Journey Towards Reconciliation Trailer
Published: 2016/04/07
Channel: Miyo Pimatisiwin Prodcuctions Inc
Freedom
Freedom's Main Line: The Journey of Reconciliation and the Freedom Rides | Ebook
Published: 2017/02/05
Channel: Tod Stephenson
A journey of reconciliation: the story of the meeting Brno festival (ENG)
A journey of reconciliation: the story of the meeting Brno festival (ENG)
Published: 2016/08/23
Channel: meetingdirimini
Rising to Reconciliation: A Journey in Words and Music
Rising to Reconciliation: A Journey in Words and Music
Published: 2016/04/12
Channel: Ireland 2016 // Éire 2016 - Official Channel
Rust Escapades #2: The Journey of Reconciliation
Rust Escapades #2: The Journey of Reconciliation
Published: 2016/03/01
Channel: Fabian Segura
The Power of Listening on our Journey to Reconciliation
The Power of Listening on our Journey to Reconciliation
Published: 2016/03/06
Channel: Good Shepherd Gardendale
The Lemon Project: A Journey of Reconciliation
The Lemon Project: A Journey of Reconciliation
Published: 2017/05/21
Channel: Bailey Ward
FreedomRidersUSHistory
FreedomRidersUSHistory
Published: 2012/05/09
Channel: DeathWishAndWarTorn
Leo August 2017 healing, reconciliation, and Victory
Leo August 2017 healing, reconciliation, and Victory
Published: 2017/07/28
Channel: The Journey Within Tarot
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Journey of Reconciliation
Date April 9–23, 1947
Location Durham, North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Resulted in Inconclusive
Parties to the civil conflict
State police
Lead figures
Arrests, etc
Deaths:
Injuries:
Arrests: 16
Deaths:
Injuries:

The Journey of Reconciliation was a form of nonviolent direct action to challenge state segregation laws on interstate buses in the Southern United States.[1] The two-week journey by 16 men began on April 9, 1947. It was seen as inspiring the later Freedom Rides of the Civil Rights Movement from May 1961 onward. James Peck, one of the white participants, also took part in the Freedom Ride of May 1961.

History[edit]

Sixteen men from the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) took part, eight white and eight black, including the organizers, white Methodist minister George Houser of the Fellowship of Reconciliation (FOR) and CORE and black Quaker Bayard Rustin of FOR and the American Friends Service Committee.[2] The other black participants were Chicago musician Dennis Banks; Andrew Johnson, a student from Cincinnati; New York attorney Conrad Lynn; Wallace Nelson, a freelance lecturer; Eugene Stanley of North Carolina A&T College; William Worthy of the New York Council for a Permanent FEPC; and Nathan Wright, a church social worker from Cincinnati. The other white participants were North Carolina ministers Louis Adams and Ernest Bromley; Joseph Felmet of the Southern Workers Defense League; Homer Jack, executive secretary of the Chicago Council Against Racial and Religious Discrimination; James Peck, editor of the Workers Defense League News Bulletin; Worth Randle, a Cincinnati biologist; and radical pacifist Igal Roodenko.[3]

The participants planned to ride public transportation in Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Kentucky, all with segregated systems. During the two-week trip, blacks sat in front, whites in back, or sometimes side-by-side, all in violation of current state laws which required passengers to practice segregated seating in buses.

They were supported by the recent 1946 U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Irene Morgan v. Commonwealth of Virginia, which prohibited segregation in interstate travel as unconstitutional, by putting "an undue burden on commerce." The Southern states were refusing to enforce the Court's decision. Based on consultation, the protesters limited their direct action to the Upper South, where the risk of violence was not as high as in the Deep South.[4]

The riders suffered several arrests, notably in North Carolina. Judge Henry Whitfield expressed his distaste for the white men involved:

"It's about time you Jews from New York learned that you can't come down here bringing your niggers with you to upset the customs of the South. Just to teach you a lesson, I gave your black boys thirty days [on a chain gang], and I give you ninety."[this quote needs a citation]

The NAACP and Thurgood Marshall had reservations about the use of direct action, expecting to provoke much violence with little progress toward civil rights. The NAACP did offer a limited amount of legal help for those arrested. Bayard Rustin believed that the Journey of Reconciliation, as well as other actions challenging segregation in these years, contributed to the eventual ruling of the US Supreme Court in 1954 in Brown v. Board of Education. It ruled that segregated schools were unconstitutional and ordered them ended.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The First Freedom Ride: Bayard Rustin On His Work With CORE". History Matters. Retrieved April 29, 2008. 
  2. ^ Meier, August; Rudwick, Elliott (1969). "The First Freedom Ride". Phylon. 30 (3): 213–222. JSTOR 273469. 
  3. ^ Bayard Rustin and George Houser (1947), "We Challenged Jim Crow", a report prepared for the Congress of Racial Equality and the Fellowship of Reconciliation; published in Fellowship, April 1947. Reprinted from Down the Line, the collected writings of Bayard Rustin, Quadrangle Books, 1971. Retrieved from SouthernHistory.net Archived February 26, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., March 12, 2012.
  4. ^ Robin Washington, "The History behind 'You Don't Have to Ride Jim Crow!' ", New Hampshire Public Television, 1995, accessed April 26, 2010

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

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