Play Video
1
Ancient Israel Judicial System
Ancient Israel Judicial System
::2013/08/08::
Play Video
2
Palestine & Law : The Israeli Military Court System
Palestine & Law : The Israeli Military Court System
::2012/11/30::
Play Video
3
The Abuse of Universal Jurisdiction and Legal Discrimination Against Israel
The Abuse of Universal Jurisdiction and Legal Discrimination Against Israel
::2009/03/05::
Play Video
4
Israeli Arabs 2:  Sports & Judicial  عرب اسرائيل القانون والرياضة
Israeli Arabs 2: Sports & Judicial عرب اسرائيل القانون والرياضة
::2010/11/01::
Play Video
5
Open access to courts in Israel
Open access to courts in Israel
::2009/09/12::
Play Video
6
Is All Criticism of Israel Anti-Semitic?
Is All Criticism of Israel Anti-Semitic?
::2011/05/20::
Play Video
7
The Unrighteous Judicial System Of The Wicked !
The Unrighteous Judicial System Of The Wicked !
::2014/01/23::
Play Video
8
The Campaign Against Israel: The Case of Doron Almog
The Campaign Against Israel: The Case of Doron Almog
::2008/12/23::
Play Video
9
Justice Joubran Part 1
Justice Joubran Part 1
::2011/05/06::
Play Video
10
Justice Joubran Part 2
Justice Joubran Part 2
::2011/05/06::
Play Video
11
Life is a Blessing: Spirituality in the Parsha - "Parashat Yitro" - Rabbi Yakov Nagen, Otniel
Life is a Blessing: Spirituality in the Parsha - "Parashat Yitro" - Rabbi Yakov Nagen, Otniel
::2012/02/03::
Play Video
12
Israel Gags News on Extra-Judicial Killings
Israel Gags News on Extra-Judicial Killings
::2010/04/09::
Play Video
13
Panel 3: Countering Legal Challenges to Israel
Panel 3: Countering Legal Challenges to Israel's Legitimacy
::2014/01/23::
Play Video
14
General Doron Almog On Universal Jurisdiction 2008 (full version)
General Doron Almog On Universal Jurisdiction 2008 (full version)
::2014/01/23::
Play Video
15
Curbing the Manipulation of Universal Jurisdiction
Curbing the Manipulation of Universal Jurisdiction
::2010/01/20::
Play Video
16
Sheikh Jarrah : Protest Against Ethnic Cleansing of.wmv
Sheikh Jarrah : Protest Against Ethnic Cleansing of.wmv
::2010/04/25::
Play Video
17
Prophet Amos - Chapter 2
Prophet Amos - Chapter 2
::2014/08/29::
Play Video
18
Road Wars - Fleisher (INR) and Feiglin (Likud) - part 1
Road Wars - Fleisher (INR) and Feiglin (Likud) - part 1
::2010/01/07::
Play Video
19
Bil
Bil'in: IOF Kidnap, Imprison and Terrorize "Confession" Out of 13 Year Old Boy .wmv
::2010/06/09::
Play Video
20
Doron Almog on Universal Jurisdiction 2008
Doron Almog on Universal Jurisdiction 2008
::2008/12/22::
Play Video
21
Response to Gaza Attacks - IDF Maj.-Gen. (res.) Doron Almog (2008)
Response to Gaza Attacks - IDF Maj.-Gen. (res.) Doron Almog (2008)
::2008/12/23::
Play Video
22
Judicial System of Pakistan Very Slow To Curb Terrorism of Taliban: Zaid Hamid
Judicial System of Pakistan Very Slow To Curb Terrorism of Taliban: Zaid Hamid
::2012/06/11::
Play Video
23
Zaid Hamid  The Debate Ep 8    Judicial system of Pakistan and its ills and remedies !
Zaid Hamid The Debate Ep 8 Judicial system of Pakistan and its ills and remedies !
::2014/08/26::
Play Video
24
Israeli Military Deploys New Defense System
Israeli Military Deploys New Defense System
::2011/03/27::
Play Video
25
Racial Inequalities in the Justice System (short documentary)
Racial Inequalities in the Justice System (short documentary)
::2013/05/15::
Play Video
26
Our Corrupt Judicial System: PML-N MPA Rana Shoaib got bail before arrest despite proof of attacking
Our Corrupt Judicial System: PML-N MPA Rana Shoaib got bail before arrest despite proof of attacking
::2014/07/24::
Play Video
27
Report: Canada
Report: Canada's Justice System "Broken" - PRESS TV
::2013/08/21::
Play Video
28
Barbaric Judicial System of Pakistan
Barbaric Judicial System of Pakistan
::2012/07/09::
Play Video
29
Uncovering Corruption in the Chicago Justice System: Bribery of Judges, Lawyers & Courts (1989)
Uncovering Corruption in the Chicago Justice System: Bribery of Judges, Lawyers & Courts (1989)
::2014/02/16::
Play Video
30
The judicial system in Iraq and democracy  2
The judicial system in Iraq and democracy 2
::2014/03/23::
Play Video
31
Syarahan Perdana Integriti bertemakan "Rule Of Law  And Judicial System"
Syarahan Perdana Integriti bertemakan "Rule Of Law And Judicial System"
::2012/12/27::
Play Video
32
Nabi Saleh protest 11-06-2010
Nabi Saleh protest 11-06-2010
::2010/06/13::
Play Video
33
Egypt to hold justice conference to discuss judicial system
Egypt to hold justice conference to discuss judicial system
::2013/04/30::
Play Video
34
Argentina General Prosecutor stands by Iran against US-Israeli lobbies
Argentina General Prosecutor stands by Iran against US-Israeli lobbies
::2013/07/05::
Play Video
35
Iran
Iran's judicial system-Iran Today-07-01-2011-(Part2)
::2011/07/02::
Play Video
36
Italian mother encounters Britain
Italian mother encounters Britain's secret judicial system -- Sun News (Canada)
::2013/12/02::
Play Video
37
Berlusconi organizes demo against Italy
Berlusconi organizes demo against Italy's judicial system
::2013/03/24::
Play Video
38
French upset about American justice system
French upset about American justice system
::2011/05/18::
Play Video
39
Master Plan of Desalination in Israel
Master Plan of Desalination in Israel
::2012/03/13::
Play Video
40
Assange Warning The politicization of British judicial system.mp4
Assange Warning The politicization of British judicial system.mp4
::2011/02/25::
Play Video
41
How Jews Corrupted Europe
How Jews Corrupted Europe's Legal System
::2013/10/05::
Play Video
42
Israel
Israel's Diplomacy and the Global Agenda
::2012/03/13::
Play Video
43
FOREIGN INTERFERENCE ON OUR JUDICIAL SYSTEM - 2
FOREIGN INTERFERENCE ON OUR JUDICIAL SYSTEM - 2
::2010/04/06::
Play Video
44
US judges tragic kickback greed exposes prison system profiteering
US judges tragic kickback greed exposes prison system profiteering
::2011/05/26::
Play Video
45
Going to Court English - FULL VERSION
Going to Court English - FULL VERSION
::2013/11/05::
Play Video
46
Najib: Foreign countries should respect Malaysias Constitution and judicial system
Najib: Foreign countries should respect Malaysias Constitution and judicial system
::2010/02/20::
Play Video
47
Judicial System- One of the most corrupt institution
Judicial System- One of the most corrupt institution
::2011/06/24::
Play Video
48
How Judges Decide Cases: Inside the Judicial Decision-Making Process - Lawyers & Jury Trials (1990)
How Judges Decide Cases: Inside the Judicial Decision-Making Process - Lawyers & Jury Trials (1990)
::2014/02/11::
Play Video
49
Tehran Larijani  head of the judicial system of Iran 29 Sep 2010 Threatened Mousavi & karoubi
Tehran Larijani head of the judicial system of Iran 29 Sep 2010 Threatened Mousavi & karoubi
::2010/09/29::
Play Video
50
Humanity faces final century on Earth; Israel holds surprise drills (SCWU #340)
Humanity faces final century on Earth; Israel holds surprise drills (SCWU #340)
::2014/07/16::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Israeli Supreme Court at night

The judicial system of Israel consists of secular courts and religious courts. The law courts constitute a separate and independent unit of Israel's Ministry of Justice. The system is headed by the President of the Supreme Court and the Minister of Justice.[1]

Secular courts[edit]

Supreme Court[edit]

Located in Jerusalem, the Supreme Court[2] acts as a further appellate court, hearing both criminal and civil cases. The Supreme Court re-evaluates decisions by the lower, district courts. Sitting as the High Court of Justice, it acts as a court of first instance, often in matters concerning the legality of decisions regarding state authorities.

District courts[edit]

Tel Aviv District Court

The District Courts constitute the middle level courts of the judicial system, and have jurisdiction in any matter not within the sole jurisdiction of another court. In criminal matters, the courts have jurisdiction over cases where the accused faces a penalty of at least seven years imprisonment. In civil cases, they have jurisdiction over cases in which more than two and a half million shekels are in dispute. District courts also hear appeals of judgments of the magistrate courts, as well as cases involving companies and partnership, abritration, prisoners petitions, and appeals on tax matters.[3] Sitting as courts for administrative matters, they can hear petitions against arms of the government. One also sits as the court of admiralty, hearing all cases involving shipping commerce, accidents on the sea and the like. Most cases are heard by a single judge, though the court president can choose to appoint a three-judge panel. Cases where the accused is charged with an offense punishable by at least ten years in prison and appeals from magistrate courts are heard by three-judge panels. There are six such courts,[4] one in each district of Israel.

Magistrate courts[edit]

The Magistrate courts serve as basic trial courts. In criminal matters, they hear cases where the accused faces up to seven years imprisonment, and in civil cases, have jurisdiction over matters up to two and a half million shekels. They also have jurisdiction over the use and possession of real property. The courts also act as traffic courts, municipal courts and family courts.[3] Sitting as small-claims courts, they have jurisdiction over cases involving claims up to 30,000 shekels. Rather than following standard evidentiary rules, they require extensive pleadings and documentation upon filing of a formally written complaint. Verdicts are expected seven days from trial. Cases are heard by a single judge unless the court president decides to appoint a three-judge panel. There are 30 magistrate courts.[5]

Labor courts[edit]

National Labor Court, Jerusalem

There are five Regional Labor Courts in Israel as a tribunal of first instance, and one National labor court in Jerusalem hearing appeals and few cases of national importance, as first tier. They are vested with exclusive jurisdiction over cases involving employer-employee relationship, pre-employment, post-employment strikes and labor union disputes, as well as labor related complaints against the National Insurance Institute, and claims under the National Health Insurance Law.

The Labor Courts Law sets forth those matters within the jurisdiction of the Labor Court. Substantially all causes of action arising from the employer-employee relationship are within the court's jurisdiction.

In civil matters, the Labor Courts are not bound by the rules of evidence. Most cases are heard by a panel of three, including a Judge, a representative on behalf of employees and a representative on behalf of employers.

Military courts[edit]

The Military Court of Appeals is the highest judicial body in the Israel Defense Forces (IDF). The land, air and naval branches of the IDF, each of its military districts, the General Staff and the Home Front Command maintain their own special military courts. Military courts are used to try soldiers charged with military offenses, and deal with most criminal and security cases in the Israeli-occupied territories.

Criminal procedure[edit]

Israel is unusual among Common-law derived systems due to the absence of juries in its legal system. Rather, all trials are conducted before either one judge or a three-judge panel.

A suspect arrested in Israel is typically interrogated by police. Though police are allowed to lie to a suspect during interrogation, anyone facing police interrogation has the right to consult a lawyer beforehand, and an interrogating officer must warn a suspect that he or she does not have to say anything self-incriminating, and that anything said might be used against them in court.

Everyone accused of a criminal offense has the right to be represented by an attorney, and if the accused cannot afford a private attorney, one is assigned to them from the Public Defender's Office. Prosecutions are handled by the State Attorney's Office, which consists of a central bureau and eight regional offices.[6]

Following a verdict, the defense or prosecution has the right to appeal to a higher court. Israeli law also provides for the possibility to ask the Supreme Court for a new trial, though it is very rare to be granted a retrial. Between 1948 and 2012, only 21 cases were granted a retrial, about half of which ended in reconfirmation of a defendant's guilt.[7]

Administrative detention and closed trials are allowed in cases involving security and illegal immigration. Anyone subjected to administrative detention and a possible closed trial has the right to be represented by an attorney, and may appeal their detention to the Supreme Court. The burden of proof rests on the prosecution to prove that closed proceedings are necessary.[8]

The vast majority of criminal cases investigated by police and considered for indictment are closed due to lack of evidence or lack of public interest.[9] Of those cases that do go to court, over 85% end with a plea bargain. Though accepting a plea bargain is considered a de facto guilty plea, it also leads to a lighter sentence. Of the cases that do go to trial, 71.5% end with a conviction on some of the charges and acquittal on others, 21.6% with a conviction on all charges, and 0.3% with a full acquittal. Another 2.1% of cases are dismissed after the defendant is found incompetent to stand trial, 1.2% are dismissed over technicalities, and in 0.9% of cases the charges are dropped.[10]

Judicial selection[edit]

Judges who serve on the Supreme Court, as well as the district and magistrate courts, are appointed by the Judicial Selection Committee, which consists of nine members: the Minister of Justice and another cabinet member, two Knesset members, two members of the Israel Bar Association, and the President of the Supreme Court and two other Supreme Court justices. The committee is chaired by the Minister of Justice.

Religious courts[edit]

Jewish religious courts[edit]

The Jewish religious courts, known as Rabbinic Courts, whose dayanim ("judges") are selected by a committee headed by the Minister of Justice, have jurisdiction regarding marital issues of Jews (especially divorce). Divorce of a Jewish couple can only be obtained at the Rabbinical Batei Din. However, if a petition for ancillary matrimonial reliefs, such as custody, support or equitable distribution of property is filed with the Civil Courts before a case for divorce is opened at the Batei Din, then all other marital issues may also be taken by Magistrate Courts sitting as Family Courts. Otherwise, if one spouse opens some sort of an action with the Batei Din, (including asking the couple for reconciliation), the Batei Din assume that all ancillary relief is aggregated into the main complaint, and the spouses may find themselves facing judicial deermination pursuant to Halakha (Jewish religious law), and not pursuant to the secular law. Thus, spouses may lose the equal protection and anti gender discrimination protections of the secular civil law.

The Supreme Rabbinic Court acts as the court of last resort for cases brought before the rabbinic courts.

Non-Jewish religious courts[edit]

The Muslim, legally recognized Christian communities, and Druze have their own religious courts which have similar jurisdiction over their followers, although Muslim religious courts have more control over family affairs. They are supervised by their own official religious establishments (although the Muslim and Druze kaddis judges are also elected by the Knesset). This is the maintenance of an agreement reached with the British Mandatory Authorities before the State of Israel's establishment in 1948.

The ten recognized Christian communities are the Greek Orthodox, Latin Catholic, Armenian Orthodox, Armenian Catholic, Syriac Catholic, Chaldean Catholic, Melkite Greek Catholic, Maronite, Syrian Orthodox and Evangelical Episcopalian communities.

Legal practice[edit]

As of 2012, there are 52,142 active lawyers in Israel, making it the country with the highest number of active lawyers per capita in the world.[11] Law schools produce new graduates at the rate of 2,000 new lawyers a year. This creates a tight and highly competitive market.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014