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RR7334A USA JULIE NIXON-EISENHOWER INTERVIEW
RR7334A USA JULIE NIXON-EISENHOWER INTERVIEW
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
An Evening with David and Julie Eisenhower
An Evening with David and Julie Eisenhower
Published: 2012/01/31
Channel: TheLBJLibrary
Julie Nixon Eisenhower and children of presidents
Julie Nixon Eisenhower and children of presidents
Published: 2008/10/10
Channel: Doug Wead
Political Couple Julie and David Eisenhower
Political Couple Julie and David Eisenhower
Published: 2010/10/24
Channel: CBS
President Nixon meets with Julie Nixon Eisenhower, discusses the environment
President Nixon meets with Julie Nixon Eisenhower, discusses the environment
Published: 2011/04/21
Channel: NixonWhiteHouseTapes
Political Couple Julie and David Eisenhower
Political Couple Julie and David Eisenhower
Published: 2010/10/24
Channel: CBS News
Nixon daughters celebrate mother
Nixon daughters celebrate mother's 100th birthday - 2012-03-16
Published: 2015/09/01
Channel: Orange County Register
Julie Nixon and David Eisenhower wed 1968
Julie Nixon and David Eisenhower wed 1968
Published: 2011/05/10
Channel: historycomestolife
SYND 18 9 74 JULIE EISENHOWER ON NIXON
SYND 18 9 74 JULIE EISENHOWER ON NIXON'S HEALTH
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: AP Archive
Julie Nixon Eisenhower Interview with Bill Boggs
Julie Nixon Eisenhower Interview with Bill Boggs
Published: 2012/01/31
Channel: BillBoggsTV
RICHARD NIXON TAPES: Cursing at TV Football (with daughter Julie)
RICHARD NIXON TAPES: Cursing at TV Football (with daughter Julie)
Published: 2008/12/06
Channel: rmm413c
Hardball  Nixon, Eisenhower talk politics, the GOP
Hardball Nixon, Eisenhower talk politics, the GOP
Published: 2010/10/27
Channel: PresidentObama3
Julie Nixon Eisenhower Remarks at President Nixon
Julie Nixon Eisenhower Remarks at President Nixon's 100th Birthday
Published: 2013/01/16
Channel: Richard Nixon Foundation
RICHARD NIXON TAPES: Daughter Julie on School Desegregation
RICHARD NIXON TAPES: Daughter Julie on School Desegregation
Published: 2008/07/31
Channel: rmm413c
David Eisenhower & Julie Nixon Engagement - Decades TV Network
David Eisenhower & Julie Nixon Engagement - Decades TV Network
Published: 2015/12/02
Channel: Decades TV Network
NIXON TAPES: Chatting with Daughter Julie Nixon Eisenhower
NIXON TAPES: Chatting with Daughter Julie Nixon Eisenhower
Published: 2008/07/31
Channel: rmm413c
RICHARD NIXON TAPES: Daughter Julie Nixon Eisenhower
RICHARD NIXON TAPES: Daughter Julie Nixon Eisenhower
Published: 2008/12/06
Channel: rmm413c
Gloria Greer with Julie Nixon Eisenhower
Gloria Greer with Julie Nixon Eisenhower
Published: 2012/05/14
Channel: gloriagreer
Richard Nixon - 1973 Valentine
Richard Nixon - 1973 Valentine's Dinner
Published: 2014/02/14
Channel: MCamericanpresident
Pres. Eisenhower on Face the Nation
Pres. Eisenhower on Face the Nation
Published: 2012/03/13
Channel: CBS News
SYND 20-8-73 JULIE NIXON - EISENHOWER ON WATERGATE
SYND 20-8-73 JULIE NIXON - EISENHOWER ON WATERGATE
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: AP Archive
Joan Erwin
Joan Erwin '74 talks about Julie Nixon Eisenhower's visit to Duke Law
Published: 2015/01/07
Channel: Duke University School of Law
JFK - 1960 Election Ad - Eisenhower knocks Nixon
JFK - 1960 Election Ad - Eisenhower knocks Nixon
Published: 2013/01/29
Channel: dcs577
President Eisenhower chooses Nixon as his running mate - Part 3 of 28
President Eisenhower chooses Nixon as his running mate - Part 3 of 28
Published: 2011/02/03
Channel: ThePoliticalLion
First Lady Pat Nixon: Ambassador of Goodwill, featuring Julie Eisenhower
First Lady Pat Nixon: Ambassador of Goodwill, featuring Julie Eisenhower
Published: 2012/06/29
Channel: Richard Nixon Foundation
Julie Nixon Eisenhower
Julie Nixon Eisenhower
Published: 2014/11/08
Channel: Audiopedia
SYND 15-11-73 TRICIA NIXON
SYND 15-11-73 TRICIA NIXON
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: AP Archive
David and Julie Eisenhower Discuss New Book on Ike
David and Julie Eisenhower Discuss New Book on Ike
Published: 2010/11/12
Channel: Richard Nixon Foundation
TNI Interview with David and Julie Eisenhower
TNI Interview with David and Julie Eisenhower
Published: 2011/01/07
Channel: TheNatlInterest
President Eisenhower Says He
President Eisenhower Says He's For Nixon (1960)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: British Pathé
The Marriage of Patricia Nixon and Edward Finch Cox
The Marriage of Patricia Nixon and Edward Finch Cox
Published: 2014/06/12
Channel: Richard Nixon Foundation
The President and the Apprentice: Eisenhower and Nixon, 1952–1961
The President and the Apprentice: Eisenhower and Nixon, 1952–1961
Published: 2015/09/23
Channel: US National Archives
Stock Footage - EISENHOWER, NIXON FISHING AND PLANNING PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN IN COLORADO - 1952
Stock Footage - EISENHOWER, NIXON FISHING AND PLANNING PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN IN COLORADO - 1952
Published: 2011/07/25
Channel: MyFootage.com
Eisenhower And Nixon Hold Reunion (1961)
Eisenhower And Nixon Hold Reunion (1961)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: British Pathé
Julie & David Eisenhower, Jean Edward Smith: 2012 National Book Festival
Julie & David Eisenhower, Jean Edward Smith: 2012 National Book Festival
Published: 2013/05/08
Channel: LibraryOfCongress
David Eisenhower 11 18 2010
David Eisenhower 11 18 2010
Published: 2013/10/15
Channel: westminstertownhall
Julie Nixon welcomes parents on return from Soviet Union 1959
Julie Nixon welcomes parents on return from Soviet Union 1959
Published: 2011/07/10
Channel: historycomestolife
Tricia Nixon Cox
Tricia Nixon Cox
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: WikiWikiup
Richard Nixon Centennial Birthday Gala
Richard Nixon Centennial Birthday Gala
Published: 2013/01/16
Channel: Richard Nixon Foundation
Julie Nixon Eisenhower: Presidents do not go into war lightly. It
Julie Nixon Eisenhower: Presidents do not go into war lightly. It's a tremendou......
Published: 2017/10/30
Channel: Digital Research Lab
RICHARD NIXON TAPES: Julie & Pat Nixon on China Trip Show
RICHARD NIXON TAPES: Julie & Pat Nixon on China Trip Show
Published: 2008/08/23
Channel: rmm413c
History in Five: Jeffrey Frank on Eisenhower and Nixon
History in Five: Jeffrey Frank on Eisenhower and Nixon
Published: 2014/07/21
Channel: Simon & Schuster Books
Richard Nixon Funeral (13): Presentation of flags
Richard Nixon Funeral (13): Presentation of flags
Published: 2008/08/05
Channel: rmm413c
Mother Night - Julie Nixon
Mother Night - Julie Nixon
Published: 2017/08/30
Channel: Thomas Indigoinsf
Opening of "Trains, Trees and Traditions" at the Nixon Library
Opening of "Trains, Trees and Traditions" at the Nixon Library
Published: 2013/12/03
Channel: Richard Nixon Foundation
1952 Eisenhower--Nixon  Campaign Ad: Corruption
1952 Eisenhower--Nixon Campaign Ad: Corruption
Published: 2016/01/26
Channel: Judge Rusty Johnston
Grand Opening of the Pat Nixon Centennial Exhibit
Grand Opening of the Pat Nixon Centennial Exhibit
Published: 2012/03/18
Channel: Richard Nixon Foundation
Tricia Nixon Cox Remarks at President Nixon
Tricia Nixon Cox Remarks at President Nixon's 100th Birthday
Published: 2016/10/28
Channel: Jimmie Huff
NIXON TAPES: Vietnam Testimony & Chinese Ping Pong (Rogers)
NIXON TAPES: Vietnam Testimony & Chinese Ping Pong (Rogers)
Published: 2008/07/31
Channel: rmm413c
SYND 10-1-74 NIXON
SYND 10-1-74 NIXON'S DAUGHTER JULIE EISENHOWER PRESENTS HIS BIRTHDAY CARDS TO PRESS
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: AP Archive
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Julie Nixon Eisenhower
Julie Nixon Eisenhower portrait - NARA - 194540.tif
Born Julie Nixon
(1948-07-05) July 5, 1948 (age 69)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Occupation Author
Spouse(s) David Eisenhower (1968–present)
Children Jennie Elizabeth Eisenhower
Alex Richard Eisenhower
Melanie Catherine Eisenhower
Parent(s) Richard and Pat Nixon
Relatives Tricia Nixon Cox
Christopher Nixon Cox
Arthur Nixon
Donald Nixon
Edward Nixon
Francis A. Nixon
Hannah Milhous Nixon
John Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Mamie Eisenhower

Julie Nixon Eisenhower (born July 5, 1948) is an American author who is the younger daughter of Richard Nixon, 37th President of the United States, and Pat Nixon, First Lady of the United States.

Born in Washington, D.C. while her father was a Congressman, Julie and her elder sister, Patricia Nixon Cox, grew up in the public eye. Her father was elected U.S. Senator from California when she was two; Vice President of the United States when she was four. Her 1968 marriage to David Eisenhower, grandson of President Dwight D. Eisenhower, was seen as a union between two of the most prominent political families in the United States.

Throughout the Nixon administration (1969 to 1974), Julie worked as Assistant Managing Editor of The Saturday Evening Post while holding the unofficial title of "First Daughter." She was widely noted as one of her father's most vocal and active defenders throughout the Nixon administration. Eisenhower was named one of the "Ten Most Admired Women in America" for four years by readers of "Good Housekeeping" magazine in the 1970's.[1] After her father left the White House in 1974, she wrote the definitive biography of her mother, the New York Times best-selling "Pat Nixon: The Untold Story." She continues to engage in works that support her parents' legacies.

She is the mother of two daughters, Jennie Eisenhower and Melanie Catherine Eisenhower, and a son, Alex Richard Eisenhower.

Early life[edit]

Julie Nixon was born while her father, Richard Nixon, was a Congressman, but much of her childhood coincided with her father's service as Dwight Eisenhower's Vice-President (1953–61). She recalled her father as being romantic, while her mother was "practical and down to earth".[2] Her mother tried to "seal" her and her sister from much of her father's political career.[3] At his second inauguration, President Eisenhower suggested to 8 year old Julie as their photograph was being taken to hide a black eye, which she had acquired in a sledding accident, by turning her head. She turned her head towards David, which made it appear that he had been staring directly at her.[4] Her grandmother Hannah Nixon would come to watch her and her sister whenever her parents traveled.[5] As a child, one of her favorite pets was a cocker spaniel named Checkers, who figured prominently in one of her father's most famous speeches, given during his 1952 campaign for Vice-President of the United States.

Julie Nixon, aged 4, here with Republican presidential nominee Dwight D. Eisenhower as she is held by her father, the soon-to-be Vice President

During the Vice Presidency she attended the private Sidwell Friends School in Washington along with her sister, Tricia. After her father lost the Presidential Election of 1960 to John F. Kennedy, Julie felt "battered" by the results and felt that the votes had "been stolen".[2]

After her father lost his presidential bid in 1960 the family returned to California where her father ran unsuccessfully for governor in 1962. The Nixons then moved to New York after the gubernatorial race, and Julie attended Smith College after her graduation from the Chapin School.[6] She received a master's degree in education from The Catholic University of America in 1971. When she was at Smith, David Eisenhower, the grandson of President Dwight D. Eisenhower, attended Amherst College nearby. Julie and David were both invited to address the Hadley Republican Women's Club. The club learned that the two were only seven miles apart, and invited the them to be featured speakers.[7] They discussed the invitations and both chose to decline, but would come in contact again when David visited Julie with his roommate from Amherst and took her and a friend out to get some ice cream. David reflected: "I was broke, my roommate forgot his wallet. The girls paid."[8]

Marriage[edit]

Julie and David Eisenhower fishing in Key Biscayne, Florida, 1971

She began dating David Eisenhower in the fall of 1966 when both were freshmen at Smith College and Amherst College, respectively. She became engaged to him a year later.[9] Both Julie and David have admitted that Mamie Eisenhower played a major part in their relationship.[10][11] In 1966 during the funeral for Raymond Pitcairn, a friend of the Nixons, Julie mentioned to Mamie that she would be attending Smith College. Mamie told her of David's plans to go to Amherst College, and soon started trying to get David to call on her.[12]

On December 22, 1968, after her father was elected president but before he took office, Julie married David. They both decided they did not want the publicity of a White House wedding.[13] The Reverend Norman Vincent Peale officiated in the non-denominational rite at the Marble Collegiate Church in New York City.

The couple left from Massachusetts in 1970 and their classes there were canceled after the Kent State shootings. After her father resigned from office, the two lived in California near Julie's parents and later in the suburbs of Philadelphia.[14] The Eisenhowers have three children: Jennie Elizabeth (born August 15, 1978), an actress,[15] Alex Richard (b. 1980) and Melanie Catherine Eisenhower (b. 1984).

First daughter[edit]

During the United States presidential election of 1968, when her father was the Republican nominee, Julie began to feel that she was not active enough in her father's campaign and worried over what she believed was Hubert Humphrey's popularity at Smith College, which she was attending at the time.[16] She took an active role in his campaign, and shook hands for hours while greeting people. Despite not liking the publicity and hating to answer "personal questions," she did anything she could to help her father.[17]

Julie with her father in the Oval Office, 1971

While her father served as President (1969–74), Julie became active at the White House as a spokesperson for children's issues, the environment, and the elderly. She gave tours to disabled children, filled in for her mother at events, and took an active interest in foreign policy. She and Tricia were placed in charge of Caroline Kennedy and John F. Kennedy, Jr., when they visited the White House in 1971. The sisters took the young Kennedys on a tour of their former residence, which included going to their old bedrooms and to the Oval Office.[18]

Julie and her mother, First Lady Pat Nixon decorate the White House for Christmas, 1971

In 1971, when David was assigned to the Mayport, Florida-based USS Albany (CA-123), they moved to the Jacksonville beach community of Atlantic Beach, Florida. She had been hired to teach third grade at Atlantic Beach Elementary School beginning that fall, but she had to quit when she broke her toe just before classes were to start. The Eisenhowers continued to live in Atlantic Beach until 1973, even hosting the President and the First Lady at their beachfront garage apartment on Beach Avenue.[19]

During 1973–75, she served as Assistant Managing Editor of the Saturday Evening Post and helped establish a book division for Curtis Publishing Co., its parent corporation. It was during this time that Julie wrote the book Eye On Nixon, full of photographs of her father.

After the news of the Watergate break-in and suspicions that it might reach as high as the Oval Office began to mount, Julie took on the press at home and abroad. Journalist Nora Ephron wrote, "In the months since the Watergate hearings began, she [Julie] has become her father's ... First Lady in practice if not in fact."[20]

Taking on the "role of trying to explain her father to the world",[21] Julie's public defense of her father began at Walt Disney World on May 2, 1973. She gave a total of 138 interviews across the country. On July 4, 1973, she told two reporters that her father had considered resigning over Watergate, but that the family had talked him out of it.[20] On May 7, 1974, Julie and David met with the press in the East Garden of the White House. She announced that the President planned "...to take this constitutionally down to the wire."[20] Just before noon on August 9, 1974, Julie stood behind her father while he gave his goodbye speech to the White House staff. She would later say it was the hardest moment for him.[20]

Life after the White House[edit]

Eisenhower served as Chair of the White House Fellows program in the George W. Bush administration, pictured here with the 2003 class, Annapolis, Maryland

Julie and David settled in Berwyn, Pennsylvania, where she completed several books, including Pat Nixon: The Untold Story and "Going Home to Glory; A Memoir of Life with Dwight D. Eisenhower," written with her husband David Eisenhower. She has an extensive record of community service and a special interest in at-risk youth. For over twenty years she served on the Board of Directors for Jobs for America's Graduates, a national organization that helps young people graduate from high school and transition into a first job. She was named a Distinguished Daughter of Pennsylvania for her civic contributions.[22]. She is active with the Richard Nixon Foundation, sitting on its board. From 2002-2006 she was Chair of the President's Commission on White House Fellowships, a program fostering leadership in the nation's most exceptional young adults.[23]

She, along with her sister and father, was with her mother when she died of lung cancer on June 22, 1993.[24] Four days later, on June 26, 1993, she attended her mother's funeral service on the grounds of the Richard Nixon Library in Yorba Linda. Ten months later, she was by her father's bedside with her sister Patricia when he died.[25] Julie attended the funeral on April 27, 1994.[26] Her father's death left her and her sister with his diary entries, binders and tapes among other things while they were secluded from the public.[27]

She has expressed distaste in a few adaptations of presidencies, and labeled them as giving young viewers a "twisted sense of history".[28] This extended to Oliver Stone's film Nixon, an adaptation of her father's presidency.[29][30] Walt Disney's daughter, Diane Disney Miller, wrote a letter to Julie and her sister saying that Stone had "committed a grave disservice to your family, to the Presidency, and to American history".[31]

The Justice Department moved on April 14, 1999 to prevent her from making an appearance to testify during a legal battle over whether the government would pay her father's estate millions designated for his Presidential Library in compensation for papers and tapes seized when he resigned.[32]

In 2001, she expressed interest in exhuming the body of Checkers, a dog attributed to her father's career when he campaigned for vice president that died in 1964. Her desire was to move the remains to the Nixon Presidential Library and Museum.[33]

Julie Nixon Eisenhower presents the Nixon Center's Distinguished Service Award to Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates, February 2010

She and her sister got into a legal battle over an estimated "as-high-as" $19 million, left by Bebe Rebozo for the Richard Nixon Library and Birthplace Foundation. As opposed to Tricia's wish for the money to be controlled by a group affiliated with their family, Julie wanted it to be controlled by the library's board.[34] On the relationship strain the two were experiencing during the dispute, Julie said "I think it is very sad"[35] and stated, "It's very heartbreaking because I love my sister very much".[36] Ultimately, the lawsuit was settled to the satisfaction of both sides.[37]

One of Julie's contribution to the Nixon Library was to advocate for it to join the national system of Presidential Libraries and museums rather than have it funded privately.

"It's not right, struggling for the money. My father should be in the system. As long as he's on the outside, historians will continue to look at him, I feel, in a more negative light. There is always going to be negativity, but he has to be part of the continuum of presidents."[35]

The Nixon Library became part of the National Archives and Records Administration in July, 2007.[38]

In spite of her family's history of supporting Republicans, Julie donated $2,300 to Barack Obama in 2008 primary in his race for the nomination against Hillary Clinton.[39][40] However, she returned to donating to Republicans in 2012, giving to Mitt Romney, the Republican nominee against President Obama, and in 2016 to Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump.[41]


Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Good Housekeeping Magazine.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ a b "Julie Nixon Eisenhower Remembers Her Mother and Former First Lady Pat on the Centennial of Her Birth". April 8, 2012. Archived from the original on November 26, 2013. 
  3. ^ Pat Nixon A&E Biography
  4. ^ Frank, pp. 286-287.
  5. ^ Frank, p. 76.
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ Wead, p. 261.
  8. ^ Gibbs, p. 253.
  9. ^ Berger, Brooke (February 15, 2013). "Eisenhower and Nixon: Secrets of an Unlikely Pair". U.S. News. 
  10. ^ "Gloria Greer with Julie Nixon Eisenhower". February 2, 2002. 
  11. ^ "An Evening with David and Julie Eisenhower". January 26, 2012. 
  12. ^ Eisenhower, p. 210.
  13. ^ Eisenhower, Julie (1986). Pat Nixon the Untold Story. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 1416576053. 
  14. ^ Frank, p 344.
  15. ^ Julie Nixon Eisenhower on IMDb
  16. ^ "My College Diary by Julie Nixon Eisenhower". 
  17. ^ "Julie Nixon 'Will Do Anything' To Help Her Father's Campaign". The Norwalk Hour. March 4, 1968. 
  18. ^ Leigh, Wendy (1999). Prince Charming: The John F. Kennedy, Jr. Story. Sourcebooks. pp. 181–182. ISBN 978-0451178381. 
  19. ^ Kerr, Jessie-Lynne (26 June 2002). "Nixon daughter fondly recalls First Coast". The Florida Times-Union. 
  20. ^ a b c d David, Lester and Thomas Y. Crowell. The Lonely Lady of San Clemente. New York, 1978. p. 172-174.
  21. ^ Marton, p. 193.
  22. ^ PA State Archives http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/bah/dam/mg/mg524.htm.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  23. ^ https://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/fellows/about/commissionerservice.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  24. ^ "EX-FIRST LADY PAT NIXON DIES OF LUNG CANCER AT 81". The Buffalo News. June 22, 1993. 
  25. ^ "Nixon Motto: `The Worst Thing A Politician Can Be Is Dull'". Chicago Tribune. April 24, 1994. 
  26. ^ Warshaw, p. 242.
  27. ^ McGraw, Seamus (May 18, 1994). "NIXON DIARIES WILL STAY A FAMILY SECRET". The Record. 
  28. ^ "Movies Twist History, Julie Nixon Argues". Chicago Tribune. November 21, 1996. 
  29. ^ Wills, Garry (January 10, 1996). "`Nixon' Outrage Proves Truth Hurts". Chicago Sun-Times. 
  30. ^ http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/nixon/
  31. ^ "Nixon's Family, Disney's Daughter Attack Stone's Film". Associated Press. December 20, 1995. 
  32. ^ Pasco, Jean O.; Weinstein, Henry (April 15, 1999). "U.S. Moves to Block Testimony in Trial". Los Angeles Times. 
  33. ^ "Julie Nixon's Pet Project: Relocating Checkers". Los Angeles Times. June 23, 2001. 
  34. ^ Greene, Bob (March 26, 2002). "What Nixon's best friend couldn't buy". Chicago Tribune. 
  35. ^ a b Kasindorf, Martin (April 29, 2002). "Family feud stains efforts to burnish Nixon's legacy". USA Today. 
  36. ^ Pfeifer, Stuart; Goldman, John J.; Willon, Phil (March 2, 2002). "Views Emerge in Rift Between Nixon Sisters". Los Angeles Times. 
  37. ^ Sterngold, James (August 9, 2002). "Nixon's daughters end rift over gift". San Francisco Chronicle. 
  38. ^ "Library History". nixonlibrary.gov. National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved 14 April 2016. 
  39. ^ "Nixon’s Daughter Talks Watergate, Electing Woman To White House During Pittsburgh Visit", CBS Pittsburgh, September 13, 2014.
  40. ^ AP. "Nixon's daughter gives to Obama", ABC News, April 22, 2008. Accessed April 22, 2008.
  41. ^ https://www.opensecrets.org/search?q=eisenhower%2C+julie&type=donors

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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