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"Jumpin' Jack Flash"
Jackflash1.jpg
Picture sleeve used for
most singles outside of UK
Single by the Rolling Stones
B-side "Child of the Moon"
Released
  • 24 May 1968 (1968-05-24) (UK)
  • May 1968 (US)
Format 7-inch single
Recorded 20 April 1968
Studio Olympic, London
Genre
Length 3:42
Label
Songwriter(s)
Producer(s) Jimmy Miller[3]
Rolling Stones UK singles chronology
"Dandelion" / "We Love You"
(1967)
"Jumpin' Jack Flash"
(1968)
"Honky Tonk Women"
(1969)
Rolling Stones US singles chronology
"She's a Rainbow"
(1967)
"Jumpin' Jack Flash"
(1968)
"Street Fighting Man"
(1968)
Alternative release
One of A-side labels of the original UK single
One of A-side labels of the original UK single

"Jumpin' Jack Flash" is a song by English rock band the Rolling Stones, released as a single in 1968.[3] Called "supernatural Delta blues by way of Swinging London" by Rolling Stone magazine,[5] the song was perceived by some as the band's return to their blues roots after the baroque pop and psychedelia heard on their preceding albums, Aftermath (1966), Between the Buttons (1967) and especially Their Satanic Majesties Request (1967).[6][7] One of the group's most popular and recognisable songs, it has featured in films and been covered by numerous performers, notably Thelma Houston, Aretha Franklin, Tina Turner, Peter Frampton, Johnny Winter and Leon Russell. To date, it is the band's most-performed song, having played it over 1,100 times in concert.[8]

Inspiration and recording[edit]

Written by Mick Jagger and Keith Richards, recording on "Jumpin' Jack Flash" began during the Beggars Banquet sessions of 1968. Regarding the song's distinctive sound, guitarist Richards has said:

I used a Gibson Hummingbird acoustic tuned to open D, six string. Open D or open E, which is the same thing – same intervals – but it would be slackened down some for D. Then there was a capo on it, to get that really tight sound. And there was another guitar over the top of that, but tuned to Nashville tuning. I learned that from somebody in George Jones' band in San Antonio in 1964. The high-strung guitar was an acoustic, too. Both acoustics were put through a Philips cassette recorder. Just jam the mic right in the guitar and play it back through an extension speaker.[4]

Richards has stated that he and Jagger wrote the lyrics while staying at Richards' country house, where they were awoken one morning by the sound of gardener Jack Dyer walking past the window. When Jagger asked what the noise was, Richards responded: "Oh, that's Jack – that's jumpin' Jack."[9] The rest of the lyrics evolved from there.[4][10] Humanities scholar Camille Paglia[11] speculated that the song's lyrics might have been partly inspired by William Blake's poem "The Mental Traveller": "She binds iron thorns around his head / And pierces both his hands and feet / And cuts his heart out of his side / To make it feel both cold & heat."

Jagger said in a 1995 interview with Rolling Stone that the song arose "out of all the acid of Satanic Majesties. It's about having a hard time and getting out. Just a metaphor for getting out of all the acid things."[12] And in a 1968 interview, Brian Jones described it as "getting back to ... the funky, essential essence" following the psychedelia of Their Satanic Majesties Request.[7]

In his autobiography, Stone Alone, Bill Wyman has said that he came up with the song's distinctive main guitar riff on a piano without being credited for it.[4]. In Rolling with the Stones Wyman credits Jagger with vocals, Richards with guitar and bass guitar, Brian Jones with guitar, Charlie Watts with drums and himself with organ on the track with producer Jimmy Miller adding backing vocals.

According to the book Keith Richards: The Biography by Victor Bockris, the line, "I was born in a crossfire hurricane", was written by Richards, and refers to his being born amid the bombing and air raid sirens of Dartford, England, in 1943 during World War II. The phrase "Crossfire Hurricane" was later used as the code name for the F.B.I.'s Crossfire Hurricane investigation into Russian assistance into the 2016 election campaign of U.S. President Donald Trump.[13][14]

Personnel[edit]

Single version

Live version from Get Yer Ya-Ya's Out!

  • Mick Jagger – lead vocals
  • Keith Richards – electric guitar, backing vocals
  • Bill Wyman – bass guitar
  • Mick Taylor – electric guitar
  • Charlie Watts – drums

"Child of the Moon"

Release and aftermath[edit]

Released on 24 May 1968, "Jumpin' Jack Flash" (backed with "Child of the Moon") reached the top of the UK Singles Chart[3] and peaked at number three in the United States. It topped the US Cashbox chart for one week.[15] Some early London Records US pressings of the single had a technical flaw in them: about halfway through the song's instrumental bridge, the speed of the master tape slows down for a moment, then comes back to speed. The first Rolling Stones album on which the song appeared was their 1969 compilation album, Through the Past, Darkly (Big Hits Vol. 2), one year after the single was released. Since then, it has appeared on numerous Stones compilations, including Hot Rocks 1964–1971 (1971), 30 Greatest Hits (1977), Singles Collection: The London Years (1989), Forty Licks (2002), GRRR! (2012) and Stray Cats, a collection of singles and rarities included as part of The Rolling Stones in Mono box set (2016).

The Rolling Stones have played "Jumpin' Jack Flash" during every tour since its release. It ranks as the song the band has played in concert most frequently,[16][17] and has appeared on the concert albums Get Yer Ya-Ya's Out! (recorded 1969, released 1970), Love You Live (recorded 1976, released 1977), Flashpoint (recorded 1990, released 1991), Shine a Light (recorded 2006, released 2008), Sweet Summer Sun: Hyde Park Live (2013), and Totally Stripped (recorded 1995, released 2016), as well as, notably, The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus (recorded 1968, released 1996), featuring the only released live performance of the song with Brian Jones. Unlike most of that show, Jones is heard clearly, mixing with Richards's lead throughout the song. The intro is not usually played in concert and instead the song begins with the main riff. The open E or open D tuning of the rhythm guitar on the studio recording has also not been replicated in concert (with the possible exception of the 1968 NME awards show, no recording of which has ever surfaced). In the performance filmed for The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus in December 1968, Richards used standard tuning; and ever since the band's appearance at Hyde Park on 5 July 1969, he has played it in open G tuning with a capo on the fourth fret. Richards is particularly fond of the song's main riff, often crediting it as his favorite among all of his most revered guitar riffs.

In March 2005, Q magazine placed "Jumpin' Jack Flash" at number 2 in its list of the 100 Greatest Guitar Tracks. In 2004, Rolling Stone rated the song 124th on its list of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time. VH1 placed it at 65 on its show 100 Greatest Rock Songs.[18]

Music video[edit]

Two promotional videos were made in May 1968: one featuring a live performance, another showcasing the band lipsyncing, but with Jagger singing a clearly different vocal. and all wearing makeup.

Chart performance[edit]

Preceded by
"Young Girl" by
Gary Puckett and The Union Gap
UK number one single
19 June 1968 for 2 weeks
Succeeded by
"Baby, Come Back" by The Equals

Cover versions[edit]

Aretha Franklin version[edit]

"Jumpin' Jack Flash"
Single by Aretha Franklin
from the album Aretha
B-side "Integrity"
Released 24 October 1986 (1986-10-24)
Format 7-inch single
Recorded 1985
Genre
Length 4:26
Label Arista Records
Songwriter(s) Jagger/Richards
Producer(s) Keith Richards
Aretha Franklin singles chronology
"Ain't Nobody Ever Loved You"
(1986)
"Jumpin' Jack Flash"
(1986)
"Jimmy Lee"
(1986)

In 1986, the song's title was used for the Whoopi Goldberg film Jumpin' Jack Flash. In addition to the Rolling Stones' version of the song, the film features Aretha Franklin's cover version for which Ronnie Wood and Richards played guitar, but Franklin played piano. This version is characterised by influences from the popular black music scene. Both the Rolling Stones' and Franklin's versions are on the film's original soundtrack recording.

Personnel[edit]

Charts[edit]

Chart (1986–87) Peak
position
US Billboard Hot 100 21
US Billboard Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs 20
UK Singles Chart[33] 58
German Singles Chart 42
Swiss Singles Chart 19
Dutch Top 40 48
Swedish Singles Chart 14
New Zealand Singles Chart 43

Other cover versions[edit]

A number of other artists have also performed and recorded versions of the song:

References[edit]

  1. ^ David Brackett, The Pop, Rock, and Soul Reader: Histories and Debates (Oxford University Press, 2008), ISBN 0195365933, pp. 233–234.
  2. ^ "Jumpin' Jack Flash". AllMusic. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Rice, Jo (1982). The Guinness Book of 500 Number One Hits (1st ed.). Enfield, Middlesex: Guinness Superlatives Ltd. p. 117. ISBN 0-85112-250-7. 
  4. ^ a b c d McPherson, Ian. "Track Talk: Jumpin' Jack Flash". Retrieved 22 June 2007. 
  5. ^ "Jumpin' Jack Flash". Rolling Stone. 9 December 2004. Archived from the original on 23 December 2007. 
  6. ^ Unterberger, Richie. Jumpin' Jack Flash at AllMusic. Retrieved 16 June 2006.
  7. ^ a b Mick Jagger & Brian Jones interviewed on the Pop Chronicles (1970)
  8. ^ "The Rolling Stones Tour Statistics". Retrieved 13 October 2017. 
  9. ^ A jumping jack is an old-fashioned toy – see Jumping jack (toy).
  10. ^ The Rolling Stones (2003). Four Flicks (DVD). Warner Music Vision. 
  11. ^ Paglia, Camille. (1991) Sexual Personae: Art and Decadence from Nefertiti to Emily Dickinson, New York: Vintage Books, ISBN 0-679-73579-8, p. 281
  12. ^ Wenner, Jann S. (14 December 1995). "Jagger Remembers: Mick's most comprehensive interview ever". Rolling Stone. 
  13. ^ Apuzzo, Matt; Goldman, Adam (16 May 2018). "Here's Your Unclassified Briefing on Secret Government Code Names". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 May 2018. 
  14. ^ Apuzzo, Matt; Goldman, Adam; Fandos, Nicholas (16 May 2018). "Code Name Crossfire Hurricane: The Secret Origins of the Trump Investigation". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 May 2018. 
  15. ^ a b Hoffmann, Frank (1983). The Cash Box Singles Charts, 1950–1981. Metuchen, NJ & London: The Scarecrow Press, Inc. p. 500. 
  16. ^ Galbraith, Gary. "The Rocks Off Rolling Stones Setlists Page". Retrieved 8 August 2008. 
  17. ^ Zentgraf, Nico. "The Complete Works of the Rolling Stones 1962–2008". Retrieved 7 August 2008. 
  18. ^ "100 Greatest Songs of Rock & Roll (80–61)". VH1. Retrieved 9 March 2008. 
  19. ^ "Austriancharts.at – The Rolling Stones – Jumpin' Jack Flash" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
  20. ^ "Ultratop.be – The Rolling Stones – Jumpin' Jack Flash" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
  21. ^ "Top RPM Singles: Issue 5843." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
  22. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – The Rolling Stones – Jumpin' Jack Flash". GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
  23. ^ "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Jumpin' Jack Flash". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved 18 June 2016.
  24. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – The Rolling Stones – Jumpin' Jack Flash" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
  25. ^ "flavour of new zealand – search listener". Flavourofnz.co.nz. Retrieved 2016-10-02. 
  26. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – The Rolling Stones – Jumpin' Jack Flash". VG-lista. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
  27. ^ "Swisscharts.com – The Rolling Stones – Jumpin' Jack Flash". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
  28. ^ "Rolling Stones: Artist Chart History". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
  29. ^ "The Rolling Stones Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
  30. ^ "Item Display – RPM – Library and Archives Canada". Collectionscanada.gc.ca. Retrieved 2016-10-02. 
  31. ^ "Top 100 Hits of 1968/Top 100 Songs of 1968". Musicoutfitters.com. Retrieved 2016-10-02. 
  32. ^ "Cash Box YE Pop Singles – 1968". Tropicalglen.com. 1968-12-28. Retrieved 2016-10-02. 
  33. ^ Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. pp. 212–3. ISBN 1-904994-10-5. 
  34. ^ The Old Grey Whistle Test Vol. 3 (DVD). BBC Video. 2006. 
  35. ^ "Shed Seven – On Standby". discogs. Retrieved 28 December 2009. 
  36. ^ "Amiga Reviews: Jumping Jack Son". Amigareviews.leveluphost.com. Retrieved 2014-04-07. 
  37. ^ [1][dead link]

External links[edit]

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