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|San Diego, California
|Branding||ABC 10 (general)
10 News (newscasts)
|Slogan||San Diego's News Source|
|Channels||Digital: 10 (VHF)
Virtual: 10 (PSIP)
10.2 Live Well Network
|Owner||E. W. Scripps Company
(Scripps Media, Inc.)
|First air date||September 13, 1953|
|Call letters' meaning||disambiguation of former KOGO-TV call letters|
|Former callsigns||KFSD-TV (1953–1961)
|Former channel number(s)||Analog:
10 (VHF, 1953–2009)
|Former affiliations||Primary: NBC (1953–1977)
DT2: TheCoolTV (2009–2011)
|Transmitter power||20.7 kW|
|Height||227 m (745 ft)|
|Public license information:||Profile
KGTV, virtual and VHF digital channel 10, is an ABC-affiliated television station located in San Diego, California, United States. The station is owned by the E.W. Scripps Company, and is a sister station to Azteca affiliate KZSD-LP (channel 27). The two stations share studio facilities located on Air Way in the Riverview-Webster section of San Diego; KGTV maintains transmitter facilities located on Mount Soledad in La Jolla. Syndicated programs broadcast by KGTV include The Doctors, Rachael Ray, Right This Minute, Inside Edition, Castle and Live! with Kelly and Michael.
The station first signed on the air on September 13, 1953 as KFSD-TV. It was the third television station to sign on in the San Diego market – after Tijuana-licensed XETV-TV (channel 6), which signed on six months earlier in April 1953 and KFMB-TV (channel 8), which signed on in May 1949. The station was founded by the Airfan Radio Corporation, owners of radio station KFSD (600 AM, now KOGO). KFSD-TV originally operated as an NBC affiliate, as a result of the station's longtime affiliation with the NBC Blue Network. Under the terms of the awarding of the initial license, Airfan sold a 30% ownership interest in the television and radio stations to two other firms, which competed separately for the VHF channel 10 allocation. In 1954, the KFSD stations were purchased by investment firm, Fox, Wells & Rogers. In 1956, the existing KFSD television and radio stations received a sister radio outlet in KFSD-FM (94.1 FM, now KMYI). The publishers of Newsweek magazine acquired a minority share of the stations (approximately 46%) in 1957, four years before the periodical was itself sold to the Washington Post Company. In 1961, the station's changed its call letters to KOGO-TV; the radio stations also adopted the KOGO callsign.
The broadcasting division of Time-Life purchased KOGO-TV and its sister radio stations in 1962. This deal was reached after failed attempts to sell the properties to Triangle Publications and United Artists, among other companies; and after the Washington Post Company's Post-Newsweek Stations division disclosed it was not interested in acquiring full ownership.
As part of a sale announced in October 1970, KOGO-AM-FM-TV was sold to McGraw-Hill along with Time-Life's other radio/television combinations in Denver, Indianapolis and Grand Rapids, Michigan; and KERO-TV in upstate Bakersfield. When the sale was finalized in June 1972, the purchase price for the entire group was just over $57 million. However, in order to comply with the Federal Communications Commission (FCC)'s new restrictions on concentration of media ownership, McGraw-Hill was required to sell the radio stations in San Diego, Indianapolis, Denver and Grand Rapids. Time-Life would later exempt WOOD-TV in Grand Rapids from the final deal and retain ownership of that station. KERO-TV, KLZ-TV (now KMGH-TV) in Denver, and WFBM-TV (now WRTV) in Indianapolis were retained by McGraw-Hill, along with KOGO-TV. As a result of the sale, channel 10 changed its call letters to KGTV (essentially a modification of the KOGO calls).
In 1956, XETV, a station licensed across the international border to Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico, assumed the ABC affiliation in San Diego under a special agreement between the FCC and Mexican authorities. Seventeen years later in 1973, KCST-TV (channel 39, now NBC owned-and-operated station KNSD), a UHF outlet that had been operating as an independent station, prevailed in a years-long attempt to secure the market's ABC affiliation; KCST claimed that its presence made it no longer necessary for an American television network to be affiliated with a Mexican television station. At the time of the switch, ABC was still the third-ranked network, behind second-rated NBC and perennial leader CBS.
Over the next several years, however, ABC's programming began to experience ratings growth during primetime and rose to first place during the 1975-76 television season, finishing the year with ten programs in Nielsen's top 20. In San Diego, KCST-TV experienced a carryover effect. It also rose to first place locally, knocking KGTV down to third behind CBS affiliate KFMB-TV. However, ABC was never happy with having been forced onto the UHF dial in the San Diego market, and the unprecedented success gave the network the impetus to actively upgrade its affiliate roster nationwide.
Despite having more than a year remaining in its current agreement with NBC, KGTV announced it would become the market's new ABC affiliate in June 1976. KCST-TV subsequently signed an agreement to affiliate with NBC; as a result, the two stations swapped network affiliations on June 27, 1977.
On October 3, 2011, McGraw-Hill announced it was selling its entire television station group, including KGTV and Azteca America affiliate KZSD-LP (channel 27), to the Cincinnati-based E. W. Scripps Company for $212 million, after McGraw-Hill decided to exit from broadcasting after 39 years. The sale was completed on December 30, 2011.
The station's digital channel is multiplexed:
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|10.1||720p||16:9||KGTV-DT||Main KGTV programming / ABC|
|10.2||480i||4:3||LWN||Live Well Network|
|10.15||KZSD-DT||Simulcast of KZSD-LP|
KGTV shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 10, on February 17, 2009, the original date in which full-power television stations in the United States were to transition from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate (which was later pushed back to June 12, 2009). The station's digital signal relocated from its pre-transition UHF channel 25 to VHF channel 10 for post-transition operations. Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers still display the station's virtual channel as its former VHF analog channel 10.
KGTV presently broadcasts 39 hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with six hours on weekdays and 4½ hours each on Saturdays and Sundays). In addition, the station produces the sports highlight program Sports Xtra at 11:30 p.m. on Saturday and Sunday evenings.
KGTV first began to challenge the longstanding local news dominance of KFMB in the mid-1970s, when anchors Jack White and Harold Greene, along with popular weather anchor "Captain Mike" Ambrose and sportscasters Al Coupee and Hal Clement, led the station's newscasts (then simply titled The News) to first place in the ratings, albeit briefly. Even with the brief return of Greene following his stints in San Francisco and Los Angeles, the station fell back to second place behind KFMB in the early 1980s. However, management succeeded in hiring away popular anchor Michael Tuck from KFMB in 1984; the move resulted in KGTV reclaiming first place and giving the station credibility by way of Tuck's infamous nightly commentaries titled "Perspectives".
KGTV also made history by being the first station in San Diego with a female anchor team on its 11:00 p.m. newscast, featuring Carol LeBeau and Bree Walker. After Walker left in 1987, Kimberly Hunt would team with LeBeau and form the city's longest-running anchor duo at 15 years. During that time, LeBeau and Hunt would anchor alongside Tuck (who left for Los Angeles in 1990, only to return to San Diego on KFMB), Stephen Clark (now at sister station WXYZ-TV in Detroit), Steve Wolford, and a returning Hal Clement (who had switched from sports to news duties in 1983 while working at KFMB).
Eventually, KGTV would decline after Hunt left for an anchor position at KUSI-TV (channel 51) alongside Tuck; at one point, the station fell to third place as KNSD's news viewership rose to first place in the 11:00 p.m. timeslot. The Hunt-Lebeau team were reunited in early 2008, before LeBeau retired from the station the following year. On August 30, 2008, KGTV became the third television station in the San Diego market (after KFMB-TV and Fox affiliate KSWB-TV (channel 69)) to being broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition. Since the Scripps purchase of KGTV was completed at the end of 2011, the station has entered into a news partnership with its former AM radio sister KOGO (now owned by Clear Channel Communications). In May 2010, KGTV had the top-rated early evening newscast in the San Diego market in the coveted demographic of adults between 25 and 54-years-old.