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Kaiser-Frazer Documentary - The Men and The Car
Kaiser-Frazer Documentary - The Men and The Car
Published: 2016/06/10
Channel: MAINSTREET PRODUCTIONS
Kaiser Aluminum, Kaiser-Frazer, Willys and Henry J  Commercials
Kaiser Aluminum, Kaiser-Frazer, Willys and Henry J Commercials
Published: 2016/05/13
Channel: King Rose Archives
Riding In A 1952 Kaiser Manhattan
Riding In A 1952 Kaiser Manhattan
Published: 2015/11/16
Channel: MAGNUM05
1950 Kaiser-Frazer Ad: Production
1950 Kaiser-Frazer Ad: Production
Published: 2008/07/06
Channel: AutomobileHistoryUSA
1951 Kaiser Frazer Henry J Commercial
1951 Kaiser Frazer Henry J Commercial
Published: 2010/07/25
Channel: US Auto Industry
Kaiser Frazer Automobiles - Fall Meet  Cooperstown, NY 2011
Kaiser Frazer Automobiles - Fall Meet Cooperstown, NY 2011
Published: 2011/09/15
Channel: Fetterfilms
"Will it Run?" Special: 1949 Frazer Daily Driver Project! Week 8
"Will it Run?" Special: 1949 Frazer Daily Driver Project! Week 8
Published: 2016/04/04
Channel: coldwarmotors
1955 Kaiser Manhattan 2-Door
1955 Kaiser Manhattan 2-Door
Published: 2009/09/09
Channel: VV Productions
1948 Frazer Manhattan Four Door Sedan Grn LakelandLinder022616
1948 Frazer Manhattan Four Door Sedan Grn LakelandLinder022616
Published: 2016/03/04
Channel: Jack R
1951 Kaiser-Frazer TV Ad for the HenryJ and Kaiser Cars
1951 Kaiser-Frazer TV Ad for the HenryJ and Kaiser Cars
Published: 2008/08/19
Channel: AutomobileHistoryUSA
Kaiser Frazer 1954
Kaiser Frazer 1954
Published: 2012/04/16
Channel: Miguel Caparros
Kaiser -- Cars That Challenged Detroit
Kaiser -- Cars That Challenged Detroit
Published: 2009/01/23
Channel: King Rose Archives
1948 KAISER SPECIAL SEDAN - A TRUE BARN FIND
1948 KAISER SPECIAL SEDAN - A TRUE BARN FIND
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: 55lincoln
51年式,カイザーフレーザー ヘンリーJ(U.S.A/Kaiser Frazer)
51年式,カイザーフレーザー ヘンリーJ(U.S.A/Kaiser Frazer)
Published: 2017/02/12
Channel: 旧車パラダイス
Kaiser Frazer Manhattan Sedan F5061
Kaiser Frazer Manhattan Sedan F5061 '1950
Published: 2016/02/14
Channel: WorldAutoMotors
RARE 1947 FRAZER SEDAN - POSTWAR INDEPENDENT
RARE 1947 FRAZER SEDAN - POSTWAR INDEPENDENT
Published: 2017/02/18
Channel: retroolschool
1948 Frazer WhtZH022412
1948 Frazer WhtZH022412
Published: 2012/02/27
Channel: Jack R
1953 Kaiser Dragon || For Sale
1953 Kaiser Dragon || For Sale
Published: 2017/08/21
Channel: MotoeXotica Classic Cars
Kaiser Frazer Used Parts
Kaiser Frazer Used Parts
Published: 2008/08/03
Channel: kevinmatovina
Commercial - 1951 Kaiser Frazer Henry J
Commercial - 1951 Kaiser Frazer Henry J
Published: 2015/08/12
Channel: OldTunes AndMore
KaiserFrazer Car Show, Circa 1950
KaiserFrazer Car Show, Circa 1950
Published: 2013/05/25
Channel: Kaiser Permanente Thrive
First Kaiser Fra.mp4
First Kaiser Fra.mp4
Published: 2011/09/11
Channel: Karn Utz
Kaiser-Frazer Club Parade at Das Dutchman Essenhaus, August 1st 2013
Kaiser-Frazer Club Parade at Das Dutchman Essenhaus, August 1st 2013
Published: 2013/11/16
Channel: Adrian Birrer
"Ypsi
"Ypsi's Kaiser-Frazer/Tucker/Corvair Story" Cars In Context, Episode #34
Published: 2013/12/09
Channel: CarsInContextTV
Kaiser Frazer 1947 1955 Photo Archive
Kaiser Frazer 1947 1955 Photo Archive
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: Marietta White
1947 Kaiser Frazer
1947 Kaiser Frazer
Published: 2010/04/08
Channel: IronRides
1947/48 Kaiser-Frazer radio
1947/48 Kaiser-Frazer radio
Published: 2017/03/18
Channel: mrsgstd
1949 HORIZON BLUE KAISER FRAZER 4 DOOR SEDAN
1949 HORIZON BLUE KAISER FRAZER 4 DOOR SEDAN
Published: 2017/08/07
Channel: JW Burrell invented iPhone
1950 Kaiser Cars TV Ad
1950 Kaiser Cars TV Ad
Published: 2008/07/06
Channel: AutomobileHistoryUSA
Kaiser Frazer Six F47
Kaiser Frazer Six F47 '1947
Published: 2016/02/14
Channel: WorldAutoMotors
Kaiser Frazer
Kaiser Frazer
Published: 2010/07/29
Channel: Ted O'Dell
1951 Kaiser-Frazer Deluxe Sedan (SOLD)
1951 Kaiser-Frazer Deluxe Sedan (SOLD)
Published: 2015/07/24
Channel: MotoeXotica Classic Cars
Popular Videos - Frazer vesves Kaiser-Frazer
Popular Videos - Frazer vesves Kaiser-Frazer
Published: 2017/08/23
Channel: Kristina Smith
Cool Kaiser Frazer
Cool Kaiser Frazer's From Kaiser Frazer Car Convention
Published: 2016/05/15
Channel: blAksheeep_0127
Kaiser Frazer Meet Corvairs  7 12 16
Kaiser Frazer Meet Corvairs 7 12 16
Published: 2016/07/13
Channel: CORVAIRWILD
Kaiser Special 4 door Traveler Sedan K4915
Kaiser Special 4 door Traveler Sedan K4915 '1949
Published: 2016/02/14
Channel: WorldAutoMotors
Kaiser Frazer Manhattan Sedan F5161
Kaiser Frazer Manhattan Sedan F5161 '1951
Published: 2016/02/14
Channel: WorldAutoMotors
1951 Frazer Vagabond
1951 Frazer Vagabond
Published: 2010/09/06
Channel: Landcruiserrestorations tlcfj60
1952 Henry J built by Kaiser Frazer
1952 Henry J built by Kaiser Frazer
Published: 2008/09/09
Channel: VV Productions
1949 Frazer Four Door Sedan Blk LakelandLinder11315
1949 Frazer Four Door Sedan Blk LakelandLinder11315
Published: 2016/01/27
Channel: Jack R
1951 Frazer Vagabond Hatchback Grn Longwood041313
1951 Frazer Vagabond Hatchback Grn Longwood041313
Published: 2013/04/18
Channel: Jack R
1951 Kaiser Frazer Henry J 454ci bore .60 468
1951 Kaiser Frazer Henry J 454ci bore .60 468
Published: 2015/08/13
Channel: Cruisin Classics Auto Sales
#11 | Der grüne Kaiser Frazer | Let’s Play L.A. Noire
#11 | Der grüne Kaiser Frazer | Let’s Play L.A. Noire
Published: 2016/09/11
Channel: Handycamp123
1940s-50s KAISER FRAZER Double sided Porcelain Neon Dealership Sign
1940s-50s KAISER FRAZER Double sided Porcelain Neon Dealership Sign
Published: 2015/05/16
Channel: BackInTheDayClassics Antiques
1953 Kaiser Henry J
1953 Kaiser Henry J
Published: 2015/11/13
Channel: Charrua NYC
1947 FRAZER MANHATTAN SEDAN --  FIRST YEAR EDITION
1947 FRAZER MANHATTAN SEDAN -- FIRST YEAR EDITION
Published: 2013/04/21
Channel: 55lincoln
1949 KAISER VIRGINIAN -- TOP OF THE LINE PADDED HARDTOP
1949 KAISER VIRGINIAN -- TOP OF THE LINE PADDED HARDTOP
Published: 2014/04/25
Channel: 55lincoln
1952 Henry J Kaiser Frazer RK7572JLH161
1952 Henry J Kaiser Frazer RK7572JLH161
Published: 2014/10/22
Channel: QuickBye
Kaiser Frazer Limited Edition 1946 1955
Kaiser Frazer Limited Edition 1946 1955
Published: 2017/07/27
Channel: Byron Hudson
1953 KAISER HENRY J CORSAIR DELUXE - A FAILED PRODUCT
1953 KAISER HENRY J CORSAIR DELUXE - A FAILED PRODUCT
Published: 2015/04/09
Channel: 55lincoln
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Kaiser Manhattan 4-Door Sedan 1953

The Kaiser-Frazer Corporation (1947–1951 as Kaiser-Frazer) was the result of a partnership between automobile executive Joseph W. Frazer and industrialist Henry J. Kaiser. In 1947, the company acquired the automotive assets of Graham-Paige, of which Frazer had become president near the end of World War II. Kaiser-Frazer was the only new US automaker to achieve success after World War II, if only for a few years. When Frazer left in 1951, the company renamed itself the Kaiser Motors Corporation and continued until 1955.

History[edit]

1953 Kaiser Darrin sports car in 3D Anachrome. Body design by Dutch Darrin and Bill Tritt.

The company was founded on July 25, 1945 and in 1946 K-F displayed prototypes of their two new cars at the Waldorf Astoria Hotel in New York City. The Kaiser was of an advanced front wheel drive design while the Frazer was an upscale conventional rear wheel drive car. The production costs and the limited time available prevented the front wheel drive design from entering production, so the new 1947 Kaiser and Frazer shared bodies and powertrains. Being some of the first newly designed cars on the market while the "Big Three" were still marketing their pre-war designs, the Kaisers and Frazers made an exciting entrance. Kaiser and Frazer continued to share bodies and engines through 1950 with different exterior and interior trim.

1953 Kaiser Darrin in Anachrome 3D. Note that the doors slide into the front fender.

Henry Kaiser had no automotive marketing experience; Joseph Frazer did, having held various positions with Packard, GM, Chrysler, and Willys-Overland. Kaiser believed in pressing forward in the face of adversity, while Frazer was more pragmatic. As the market for Kaiser-Frazer products slowed in 1949 with the introduction of new designs from the Big Three, Kaiser pushed for more production, creating an oversupply of cars that took until mid-1950 to sell. Kaiser and Frazer had repeated disagreements on how aggressive production should be until, finally, Joseph Frazer left the company in 1951 and the Frazer nameplate was dropped after a short 10,000 unit production run in 1951 that used up the remaining inventory of the 1949-50 bodies.

Subsequent history[edit]

In 1952, the Kaiser-Frazer Corporation was renamed Kaiser Motors Corporation and continued building passenger cars through 1955.

In 1953 Kaiser bought the ailing Willys-Overland company for US$63,381,175 and merged the Kaiser and Willys operations under the name Kaiser-Willys Corporation. The decision was then made to exit the passenger car market, which was accomplished at the end of the 1955 model year.

By 1956, Willys Motors built only utility vehicles, many for export, and was turning a healthy profit.

In 1970, the Kaiser Jeep Corporation, as the company had been renamed in 1963, was sold to American Motors Corporation.

Production[edit]

Production of Kaiser-Frazer models was centered at Willow Run, Michigan. Willow Run, the largest building in the world at that time, was built by the U.S. government just prior to World War II for Henry Ford to build B-24 Liberator bombers. Once the war ended, Ford had no interest in the facility, and the War Assets Administration began a search for someone to lease or buy the building. When K-F expressed interest in the facility, the WAA offered them an attractive five-year lease rate. K-F also had manufacturing facilities in Jefferson MI; Long Beach CA; Portland OR; Leaside, Ontario, Canada; Haifa, Israel; Kawasaki, Japan;[1] Mexico City and Rotterdam (known as "Nekaf", for Nederlandse Kaiser-Frazer fabrieken). U.S. production was concentrated at Toledo, Ohio, upon the purchase of Willys-Overland starting in 1953; the Willow Run facility was sold to General Motors after GM suffered a disastrous fire at their Livonia, Michigan, Hydramatic automatic transmission plant and needed a facility quickly to resume production.

Products[edit]

Kaiser includes Custom, Deluxe, Virginian, Carolina and Manhattan sedans, as well as the Traveler 4 door hatchback utility sedan. First post war production car to offer supercharging (the 1954 Kaiser Manhattan).

Henry J, a small economy car including Corsair and Vagabond.

Darrin, the first production fiberglass sports car in the US, beating Corvette to market by one month.

Frazer includes Standard, Deluxe and Manhattan sedans and the Vagabond hatchback. The 1951 Frazer Manhattan convertible was the last four-door American convertible until the 1961 Lincoln Continental. Early production 1947 Frazers were marketed and identified as a Graham-Paige product.

Willys, including "Aero-Willys" and all sub-trim levels include Aero-Lark, Aero Ace.

Jeep, including pick-ups, CJ Vehicles, all steel wagons, Wagoneer and Jeepster models.

Allstate, designed to sell through Sears-Roebuck department stores in the southern US, was a slightly restyled Henry J. The cars were equipped with Allstate products (tires, battery, etc.). The modest styling changes distinguishing the Allstate from the Henry J were executed by Alex Tremulis, stylist of the 1948 Tucker Sedan.

1949 Kaiser Deluxe Four-Door Convertible[2] on display at the LeMay Family Collection at the Marymount Event Center in Tacoma, WA.
1949 Frazer Manhattan four-door convertible
1947 Frazer Manhattan

International operations[edit]

Kaiser in Argentina[edit]

Kaiser Carabela manufactured in Argentina, 1962.

In 1951 Argentina sent their emissary, Brigadier General Juan Ignacio San Martín, to the US to convince an auto manufacturer to build cars in Argentina. In 1954 Kaiser was the only one to accept the offer, with the remainder believing the market was too small to justify the investment. Also, they did not have the rugged products Kaiser did. On January 19, 1955 Kaiser and the government of Argentina signed an agreement to permit Kaiser to manufacture automobiles and trucks in Argentina. In February, Kaiser created a wholly owned subsidiary named Kaiser Automotores, the holding company which in turn owned part of the newly created Industrias Kaiser Argentina S.A. (IKA), the manufacturing and marketing arm. Other partners in IKA included the government-owned vehicle manufacturer Industrias Aeronáuticas y Mecánicas del Estado (IAME) and private investors. In August Kaiser applied for and received an import license to bring in 1,021 completed cars, manufacturing equipment and spare parts from the US. Groundbreaking for the new factory was in March 1955 with the first Jeep vehicle rolling out of the plant on 27 April 1956.

Diagram of Carabela's measurements.

The new Argentine factory was built in the city of Santa Isabel in the province of Córdoba with the Kaiser Manhattan being rechristened the "Kaiser Carabela" — named after a type of Portuguese sailing ship. The US vinyl and fabric interior was replaced with a more rugged leather interior, the speedometer was recalibrated in kilometers with the temperature, oil, and fuel gauge annotations in Spanish and the spring rates were increased to accommodate unimproved Argentine roads. Oddly, the dash castings with annotations for vent, heater, headlight and wiper controls remained in English. No consideration was given to offering an automatic transmission due to the anticipated difficulty in obtaining service in remote towns. Production started on the Carabela on 25 July 1958 and, in the remaining months of that year, 2,158 cars were built. IKA was also building Jeep vehicles at the Cordoba factory and assembled 20,454 Jeeps in 1958 alone. The combined Carabela-Jeep production of 22,612 units was 81% of all vehicles manufactured in Argentina in 1958 with the only competition being the state-run utility vehicle manufacturer IAME. Many have questioned the wisdom of building IKA automobile factory in remote Santa Isabel which was far from ports and transportation hubs but the primary reason is that Córdoba was General San Martín's home province and he had a close, influential relationship with President Juan Perón.

In 1962 the Carabela, the "Gran coche argentino" (the Great Argentine Car), ended production with some 15,000 cars assembled providing elegant transportation for the doctors, bankers and other notables in Argentina. The Carabela had some stable mates in 1960-62 in the form of an Alfa Romeo 1900 sedan derivative named the Bergantin (another type of Spanish sailing ship) and an Argentine-manufactured Renault Dauphine (badged IKA Dauphine). In 1962 Rambler variants licensed from AMC would replace all of these. The final form of the AMC variants was the potent Torino which saw a lot of racing on international circuits. Built until the early 1980s, the Torino was based on the 1964 Rambler American 2-door hardtop and 4-door sedan, but had its own engine, front and rear end styling, and a more European-styled interior. In 1970 Kaiser sold IKA to Renault.

Kaiser in Israel[edit]

With the founding of the State of Israel in 1948, the Ford Motor Company sought to invest in the new state, and to facilitate the production of a large number of vehicles Israel would need for the military and the government. Ford announced plans to build an assembly plant in Israel.

When Arab nations got word of Ford’s plans, they announced that if Ford didn't cancel the agreement, they’d boycott it by putting the company on the Arab League’s blacklist.

Ford pulled out causing a moment of crisis for the Israeli government. While the government was searching for alternatives, Lord Marcus Sieff of London, contacted Efraim Ilin, an Israeli security expert and tycoon, and put him in contact with Hickman Price of Kaiser-Frazer. The company had recently built an automobile plant in Holland, and were planning to build one in Greece. Ilin met Price and negotiated a $2.5 million project. Kaiser-Frazer invested half a million dollars, and Ilin formed a group that invested the other two million dollars.

Kaiser production began in Israel in 1951. By 1956, Kaiser-Frazer was responsible for 28% of Israeli exports.

The factory built Kaiser-Frazer products, along with Mack trucks, under license. By the end of the 1950s, the operation was known as Kaiser-Ilin, named after Efraim Ilin, the Israeli entrepreneur who had negotiated the Haifa plant deal with Hickman Price Jr., the nephew of Joseph P. Frazer. In 1959, Kaiser-Ilin reached an agreement to assemble six-cylinder Studebaker Larks in Haifa, to help potential buyers bypass stiff Israeli duties on imported vehicles. Earlier that year, the Kaiser-Frazer plant at Haifa laid off 400 workers and suspended operations for two weeks because of a lack of parts.[3]

Kaiser Frazer in the Netherlands[edit]

In 1947 the Dutch company Nederlandse Kaiser-Frazer Fabrieken (NEKAF) was created with a new factory constructed in Rotterdam. NEKAF assembled 6,000 1949 Kaiser knock-down kits imported from the US using some local content (batteries, tires, interior, carpets, glass) and ignition and electrical system parts from France and Great Britain. Kaiser cars were assembled through 1954 with NEKAF exporting to Europe, South America and the Middle East.

US-built Jeep vehicles were imported into The Netherlands by S.A. Ateliers de La Dyle under an agreement with Willys Overland. Once Willys was purchased by Kaiser, the Willys agreement was transferred to NEKAF. In March 1954 assembly of the Jeep CJ-3B started and was followed by the FC-150, FC-170, the pickup truck, station wagon, CJ-5 and DJ-3A. On 21 January 1955 NEKAF signed a contract with the Royal Netherlands Army to supply 4,000 M38A1 jeeps with the first delivery to the army on 28 May of the same year. The vehicles were knock down kits imported from the US with some local content as with the 1949 Kaiser assembly. NEKAF delivered an additional 1,624 vehicles to the army through 1959 until production was taken over by Kemper & Van Twist Diesel who delivered another 2,237 jeep vehicles through 1963 although these were still commonly known as NEKAFs.

The NEKAF jeeps differed from the US version by adding side reflectors (white in front and red at the rear), low intensity "city lights" on the front fenders and front and rear mounted directional signals. In a bid to reduce the costs, the Ministry of War, having invested already in clothing for the crews, ordered the cabin heaters to be deleted. This modification entailed considerable redesign of the engine cooling unit which eventually led to increased cost of the vehicles (some 12,000 Dutch Florins each). The jeeps, dubbed NEKAF by the military, started to enter service in 1956 and remained so well into the 1990s albeit on reservist duties. The NEKAF jeep saw action in the brief Dutch Indonesian war in 1962, but particularly during the UNIFIL operation in which an armoured infantry battalion participated from 1979 till 1983, the NEKAF turned out to be a robust and reliable vehicle in South Lebanon. Upon withdrawal of the Dutch battalion all UNIFIL NEKAFs were dismantled and sold locally as scrap, save three NEKAFs that were secretly withheld and privately driven back to the Netherlands. One of these sole surviving UNIFIL NEKAFs is now in the collection of the Legermuseum Delft (the Dutch Army Museum).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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