1
Leaf of life (Bryophyllum pinnatum)
Leaf of life (Bryophyllum pinnatum)
DATE: 2014/06/16::
2
Kalanchoe pinnata - Bryophyllum pinnatum - folha-da-fortuna
Kalanchoe pinnata - Bryophyllum pinnatum - folha-da-fortuna
DATE: 2015/04/28::
3
Different develpomental stages of the medicinal plant Bryophyllum pinnatum or Air Plant
Different develpomental stages of the medicinal plant Bryophyllum pinnatum or Air Plant
DATE: 2013/01/13::
4
Bryophyllum pinnatum Kurz
Bryophyllum pinnatum Kurz
DATE: 2014/11/28::
5
tanaman hias cocor bebek - Bryophyllum pinnatum
tanaman hias cocor bebek - Bryophyllum pinnatum
DATE: 2015/05/06::
6
Life plant- Air plant - Kalanchoe pinnata part 1
Life plant- Air plant - Kalanchoe pinnata part 1
DATE: 2014/09/05::
7
Life plant - Air plant - Kalanchoe pinnata part 2
Life plant - Air plant - Kalanchoe pinnata part 2
DATE: 2014/09/06::
8
Pattarchatta Plant in a Bottle
Pattarchatta Plant in a Bottle
DATE: 2015/05/18::
9
Herbally Speaking Episode 4 (Leaf of Life)
Herbally Speaking Episode 4 (Leaf of Life)
DATE: 2014/12/15::
10
Hình ảnh cây trường sinh lá tròn
Hình ảnh cây trường sinh lá tròn
DATE: 2015/01/12::
11
31 Herbs for 31 days in 3Sq Feet floor area - Home Gardening
31 Herbs for 31 days in 3Sq Feet floor area - Home Gardening
DATE: 2015/01/02::
12
Promising Healing Herbs added in Cannabis based Herbal Formulations. Part-19 © Pankaj Oudhia
Promising Healing Herbs added in Cannabis based Herbal Formulations. Part-19 © Pankaj Oudhia
DATE: 2011/07/27::
13
Diabetes Herbs. 337R. Blumea lacera © Pankaj Oudhia
Diabetes Herbs. 337R. Blumea lacera © Pankaj Oudhia
DATE: 2011/04/17::
14
Promising Healing Herbs added in Cannabis based Herbal Formulations. Part-31 © Pankaj Oudhia
Promising Healing Herbs added in Cannabis based Herbal Formulations. Part-31 © Pankaj Oudhia
DATE: 2011/07/27::
15
Pankaj Oudhia
Pankaj Oudhia's Healing Herbs: Haemorrhoids with ulceration.
DATE: 2011/07/31::
16
Narrow Gauge Train in Chhattisgarh, India. Part-31 © Pankaj Oudhia
Narrow Gauge Train in Chhattisgarh, India. Part-31 © Pankaj Oudhia
DATE: 2011/07/30::
17
Pankaj Oudhia
Pankaj Oudhia's Healing Herbs: Gout accompained with Diabetes.
DATE: 2011/07/31::
18
Key Symptoms: Weakness, night sweats and seminal emission.  © Pankaj Oudhia
Key Symptoms: Weakness, night sweats and seminal emission. © Pankaj Oudhia
DATE: 2011/07/07::
19
Bryophyllum Kalanchoe
Bryophyllum Kalanchoe
DATE: 2014/07/26::
20
Cure Kidney Stones-Natural Treatment by Bryophyllum (Pathar chatta)
Cure Kidney Stones-Natural Treatment by Bryophyllum (Pathar chatta)
DATE: 2015/02/02::
21
Kalanchoe tessa - Bryophyllum
Kalanchoe tessa - Bryophyllum 'Tessa' - Þykkblöðungur - Kaktus blóm - Ástareldur - Kóraltoppur
DATE: 2014/03/06::
22
Globuli unterstützung für die Icsi | Kinderwunsch
Globuli unterstützung für die Icsi | Kinderwunsch
DATE: 2014/04/09::
23
My Mother of Thousands succulent with lilac flowers and plantlets.
My Mother of Thousands succulent with lilac flowers and plantlets.
DATE: 2014/10/11::
24
bryophyllum
bryophyllum
DATE: 2009/07/27::
25
Bryophyllum loxophylliforme
Bryophyllum loxophylliforme
DATE: 2013/05/09::
26
alinasvlog - my plants #02 (new Bryophyllum)
alinasvlog - my plants #02 (new Bryophyllum)
DATE: 2014/05/07::
27
Medicinal Rice P5K Formulations for Bryophyllum Excess: Pankaj Oudhia
Medicinal Rice P5K Formulations for Bryophyllum Excess: Pankaj Oudhia's Medicinal Plant Database
DATE: 2013/06/06::
28
Kalanchoe delagoensis (Crassulaceae - Kalanchoeae) Chandelier plant
Kalanchoe delagoensis (Crassulaceae - Kalanchoeae) Chandelier plant
DATE: 2014/09/17::
29
Medicinal Rice P5 Formulations for Bryophyllum Overdose: Pankaj Oudhia
Medicinal Rice P5 Formulations for Bryophyllum Overdose: Pankaj Oudhia's Medicinal Plant Database
DATE: 2013/04/04::
30
Kalanchoe fedtschenkoi (Crassulaceae - Kalanchoeae) Calanchoê-fantasma
Kalanchoe fedtschenkoi (Crassulaceae - Kalanchoeae) Calanchoê-fantasma
DATE: 2015/03/22::
31
Bryophyllum loxophylliforme
Bryophyllum loxophylliforme
DATE: 2014/04/10::
32
Kalanchoe fedtschenkoi (Crassulaceae - Kalanchoeae) Calanchoê-fantasma
Kalanchoe fedtschenkoi (Crassulaceae - Kalanchoeae) Calanchoê-fantasma
DATE: 2014/02/24::
33
Bryophyllum loxophylliforme
Bryophyllum loxophylliforme
DATE: 2014/01/28::
34
VEGETATIVE PROPAGATION
VEGETATIVE PROPAGATION
DATE: 2015/03/14::
35
How to Pronounce Bryophyllum
How to Pronounce Bryophyllum
DATE: 2013/10/04::
36
Terrace garden what plants you can grow Part 11
Terrace garden what plants you can grow Part 11
DATE: 2012/09/22::
37
Life Saving Medicinal Plants from Pankaj Oudhia
Life Saving Medicinal Plants from Pankaj Oudhia's Medicinal Plant Database-8440
DATE: 2012/07/03::
38
Vegetative Propagation final
Vegetative Propagation final
DATE: 2012/02/26::
39
Przesłanie dla wszystkich [napisy PL kliknij na CC]
Przesłanie dla wszystkich [napisy PL kliknij na CC]
DATE: 2011/07/17::
40
kidney stone herbal medicine
kidney stone herbal medicine
DATE: 2011/12/20::
41
Ionantha Huamalula Air Plants
Ionantha Huamalula Air Plants
DATE: 2013/06/21::
42
Propagating potatoes
Propagating potatoes
DATE: 2012/04/21::
43
The Moss Life Cycle
The Moss Life Cycle
DATE: 2014/02/11::
44
Tim&Jason S. project
Tim&Jason S. project
DATE: 2010/11/22::
45
TOMz S3 E07 - Plant Reproduction
TOMz S3 E07 - Plant Reproduction
DATE: 2012/10/17::
46
Helianthus Sunflower species (Asteraceae) Girassol
Helianthus Sunflower species (Asteraceae) Girassol
DATE: 2015/03/21::
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PLANTING COMFREY
PLANTING COMFREY
DATE: 2015/02/01::
48
Succulent Chinese meal
Succulent Chinese meal
DATE: 2013/11/06::
49
A New Leaf of Life
A New Leaf of Life
DATE: 2012/05/20::
50
Guava (Psidium guajava)
Guava (Psidium guajava)
DATE: 2014/06/16::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Bryophyllum pinnatum
Kalanchoe veg.jpg
Vegetative reproduction in the "Air Plant", Bryophyllum pinnatum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Saxifragales
Family: Crassulaceae
Genus: Bryophyllum
Species: B. pinnatum
Binomial name
Bryophyllum pinnatum
(Lam.) Oken
Synonyms[1]
  • Bryophyllum calycinum Salisb.
  • Bryophyllum germinans Blanco
  • Cotyledon calycina Roth
  • Cotyledon calyculata Sol. ex Sims
  • Cotyledon calyculata Solander
  • Cotyledon pinnata Lam.
  • Cotyledon rhizophylla Roxb.
  • Crassula pinnata (Lam.) L.f.
  • Crassuvia floripendia Comm. ex Lam.
  • Crassuvia floripenula Comm.
  • Kalanchoe brevicalyx (Raym.-Hamet & H. Perrier) Boiteau
  • Kalanchoe calcicola (H. Perrier) Boiteau
  • Kalanchoe floripendula Steud.
  • Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.
  • Sedum madagascariense Clus.
  • Vereia pinnata (Lam.) Spreng.
Bryophyllum pinnatum illustrated in Flora de Filipinas by Francisco Manuel Blanco (O.S.A.)
Flowers

Bryophyllum pinnatum, also known as the Air Plant, Life Plant, Miracle Leaf, and Goethe Plant is a succulent plant native to Madagascar, which is a popular houseplant and has become naturalized in tropical and subtropical areas. It is distinctive for the profusion of miniature plantlets that form on the margins of its phylloclades, a trait it has in common with some other members of its genus.

Description[edit]

The "leaves" of this species are actually leaf-stem combinations called phylloclades.[2]

Distribution and introduction[edit]

Bryophyllum pinnatum has become naturalized in tropical and subtropical areas, including parts of Asia, Australia, New Zealand, West Indies, Macaronesia, Mascarenes, Galapagos Islands, Melanesia, Polynesia, and Hawaii.[3] In many of these, such as Hawaii, it is regarded as an invasive species.[4] It is also widely distributed in the Philippines and it is known as katakataka or kataka-taka which is also an adjective meaning astonishing or remarkable.[5][6][7]

Much of the reason for the widespread naturalization of this plant can be traced to its popularity as a garden plant. The writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - who also was an amateur naturalist of some repute - was "passionately fond" of this plant and liked to give the baby plantlets as gifts to friends who visited his home. He also discussed his air plant at length in an essay titled Geschichte meiner botanischen Studien ("History of my botanical studies").

Taxonomy and nomenclature[edit]

Subspecies and hybrids[edit]

Common names[edit]

Vernacular names for Bryophyllum pinnatum include Cathedral Bells, Air Plant, Life Plant, Miracle Leaf, Goethe Plant and the Katakataka. The first two of these are also commonly names for plants of other species and genera. It is also called "Leaf of Life" and "Wonder of the World" in the English speaking Caribbean. In maharashtra state of india it is called "Panfuti" (one which grows from leaves).

Toxicity and traditional medicine[edit]

In common with other Crassulaceae (such as the genera Tylecodon, Cotyledon and Adromischus), Bryophyllum pinnatum has been found to contain bufadienolide cardiac glycosides[8] These can cause cardiac poisoning, particularly in grazing animals.[9][10]

Bryophyllum pinnatum has been recorded in Trinidad and Tobago as being used as a traditional treatment for hypertension.[11]

Chemical constituents[edit]

Bufadienolide compounds isolated from Bryophyllum pinnatum include bryophillin A which showed strong anti-tumor promoting activity in vitro, and bersaldegenin-3-acetate and bryophillin C which were less active.[12] Bryophillin C also showed insecticidal properties.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 12 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Batygina, T. B.; Bragina, E. A.; Titova, G. E. (1996). "Morphogenesis of propagules in viviparous species Bryophyllum daigremontianum and B. calycinum". Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae 65: 127. doi:10.5586/asbp.1996.022. 
  3. ^ "Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.". USDA GRIN Taxonomy for Plants. Retrieved 2007-10-01. 
  4. ^ "Kalanchoe pinnata". Hawaii's Most Invasive Horticultural Plants. Retrieved 2007-10-01. 
  5. ^ "Katakataka". Philippine Medicinal Plants. Retrieved 2008-11-20. 
  6. ^ "Kataka-taka". Filipino Herbs Healing Wonders. Retrieved 2008-11-20. [dead link]
  7. ^ "Katakataka". Tagalog English Dictionary. Retrieved 2008-11-20. 
  8. ^ Steyn, Pieter S; van Heerden, Fanie R. (1998). "Bufadienolides of plant and animal origin". Natural Product Reports. Royal Society of Chemistry. Retrieved 2007-09-19. 
  9. ^ McKenzie RA; Dunster PJ (July 1986). "Hearts and flowers: Bryophyllum poisoning of cattle". Aust. Vet. J. 63 (7): 222–7. doi:10.1111/j.1751-0813.1986.tb03000.x. PMID 3778371. 
  10. ^ McKenzie RA; Franke FP; Dunster PJ (October 1987). "The toxicity to cattle and bufadienolide content of six Bryophyllum species". Aust. Vet. J. 64 (10): 298–301. doi:10.1111/j.1751-0813.1987.tb07330.x. PMID 3439945. 
  11. ^ Lans CA (2006). "Ethnomedicines used in Trinidad and Tobago for urinary problems and diabetes mellitus". J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2: 45. doi:10.1186/1746-4269-2-45. PMC 1624823. PMID 17040567. 
  12. ^ Supratman U; Fujita T; Akiyama K et al. (April 2001). "Anti-tumor promoting activity of bufadienolides from Kalanchoe pinnata and K. daigremontiana x tubiflora" (PDF). Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. 65 (4): 947–9. doi:10.1271/bbb.65.947. PMID 11388478. 
  13. ^ Supratman U; Fujita T; Akiyama K; Hayashi H (June 2000). "New insecticidal bufadienolide, bryophyllin C, from Kalanchoe pinnata" (PDF). Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. 64 (6): 1310–2. doi:10.1271/bbb.64.1310. PMID 10923811. 

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Kalanchoe pinnata at Wikimedia Commons
  • Data related to Kalanchoe pinnata at Wikispecies
  • Arvigo, R. (2001). Rainforest Home Remedies: The Maya Way to Heal Your Body and Replenish Your Soul. New York: Harper Collins. pp. 48–49, 114–15. ISBN 0-06-251637-X. 
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