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Kalaupapa / Kalawao
Kalaupapa / Kalawao
Published: 2013/04/02
Channel: Masayo S
Kalaupapa and Kalawao Tour Adventure
Kalaupapa and Kalawao Tour Adventure
Published: 2012/01/13
Channel: AdventureCPT
Is Honolulu A City?
Is Honolulu A City?
Published: 2017/08/28
Channel: Trix Trix
Assembling "Kalawao" - CM8310SC
Assembling "Kalawao" - CM8310SC
Published: 2017/01/10
Channel: Furniture of America
Kalawao Coastline
Kalawao Coastline
Published: 2014/12/05
Channel: Logan Jenott
Hawaii State, Counties Knife Restriction List ( Knife Law )
Hawaii State, Counties Knife Restriction List ( Knife Law )
Published: 2012/12/12
Channel: knife laws
Na Wahine O Kalawao
Na Wahine O Kalawao
Published: 2013/01/19
Channel: HawaiiCatholicHerald
Kalaupapa #3: Kalawao, Damien
Kalaupapa #3: Kalawao, Damien's Grave, and Incredible Vistas
Published: 2009/01/17
Channel: Steve and Camilla
A quick trip to Kalaupapa
A quick trip to Kalaupapa
Published: 2016/10/20
Channel: RexVsShow
The Waves at Kalawao Molokai
The Waves at Kalawao Molokai
Published: 2012/03/24
Channel: Jason Hussong
Kalawao County Hawaii Consumer Credit Counseling call 1-888-551-1270
Kalawao County Hawaii Consumer Credit Counseling call 1-888-551-1270
Published: 2013/12/10
Channel: Laura Castillo
Kalawao Coastline 2
Kalawao Coastline 2
Published: 2014/12/05
Channel: Logan Jenott
Kalawao Time Lapse
Kalawao Time Lapse
Published: 2013/11/28
Channel: Paula Bicoy
Paradies auf Erden - Naturwunder Hawaii - Teil 2
Paradies auf Erden - Naturwunder Hawaii - Teil 2
Published: 2013/07/23
Channel: Grace Nors
Mesothelioma Lawyer Kalawao County, HI (800) 859-6164 Hawaii
Mesothelioma Lawyer Kalawao County, HI (800) 859-6164 Hawaii
Published: 2013/09/09
Channel: NationalAttorneyMesothelioma
Kalawao
Kalawao
Published: 2016/01/22
Channel: Tony Vega
KALAWAO LOOKOUT ON KALAUPAPA, WHERE LEPROSY PATIENTS ARRIVED
KALAWAO LOOKOUT ON KALAUPAPA, WHERE LEPROSY PATIENTS ARRIVED
Published: 2013/09/10
Channel: joansrome
Court Reporter Kalawao County, HI (866) 357-1796 Hawaii
Court Reporter Kalawao County, HI (866) 357-1796 Hawaii
Published: 2013/08/14
Channel: CourtReportingGA.IN
Mesothelioma Lawyer Kalawao County, HI (800) 859-6164 Hawaii
Mesothelioma Lawyer Kalawao County, HI (800) 859-6164 Hawaii
Published: 2013/08/08
Channel: NationalAttorneyMesothelioma
Kalawao, Molokai
Kalawao, Molokai
Published: 2011/12/06
Channel: J P
Flying over the Hawaiian islands
Flying over the Hawaiian islands
Published: 2015/06/21
Channel: Global Spotter
Motorcycle Accident Lawyer Kalawao County,  HI (866) 209-4366 Hawaii Lawsuit Settlement
Motorcycle Accident Lawyer Kalawao County, HI (866) 209-4366 Hawaii Lawsuit Settlement
Published: 2014/01/31
Channel: The Motorcycle Accident Lawyer
Whistleblower Lawyer Kalawao County, HI (866) 598-0941 Hawaii Qui Tam Lawsuit
Whistleblower Lawyer Kalawao County, HI (866) 598-0941 Hawaii Qui Tam Lawsuit
Published: 2014/02/18
Channel: Qui Tam Lawyers
The Harrowing True Story of the Exiles of Molokai: History of America’s Only Leper Colony (2006)
The Harrowing True Story of the Exiles of Molokai: History of America’s Only Leper Colony (2006)
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: The Film Archives
Phantom from the east
Phantom from the east
Published: 2014/05/06
Channel: Ted Kanemitsu
Maria Devera and Joan Lewis on Kalaupapa at kalawao lookout
Maria Devera and Joan Lewis on Kalaupapa at kalawao lookout
Published: 2013/09/10
Channel: joansrome
KALAUPAPA....ON THE ROAD TO KALAWAO WHERE LEPROSY PATIENTS WERE EXILED FOR LIFE UPON ARRIVAL
KALAUPAPA....ON THE ROAD TO KALAWAO WHERE LEPROSY PATIENTS WERE EXILED FOR LIFE UPON ARRIVAL
Published: 2013/09/10
Channel: joansrome
Motorcycle Accident Lawyer Kalawao County, HI (866) 209-4366 Hawaii Lawsuit Settlement
Motorcycle Accident Lawyer Kalawao County, HI (866) 209-4366 Hawaii Lawsuit Settlement
Published: 2013/11/27
Channel: motorcycleaccidentlawyernation
Mule Ride to Kalaupapa Leper Colony, Molokai
Mule Ride to Kalaupapa Leper Colony, Molokai
Published: 2013/07/15
Channel: govisithawaii
After The Rain
After The Rain
Published: 2017/04/30
Channel: Ted Kanemitsu
Kalaupapa Bird Count - Kalawao Lookout
Kalaupapa Bird Count - Kalawao Lookout
Published: 2013/12/26
Channel: Joey Latsha
Kalawao, Molokai. The original b4 kalaupapa
Kalawao, Molokai. The original b4 kalaupapa
Published: 2012/10/03
Channel: ptoetuu
Moms COL - Kalawao Sisters Words
Moms COL - Kalawao Sisters Words
Published: 2017/07/31
Channel: PohaiKapena Vincent
Mini Manhattan
Mini Manhattan
Published: 2017/10/16
Channel: HowcastTV
Flying into Kalaupapa Molokai
Flying into Kalaupapa Molokai'i 1-13-13
Published: 2013/07/20
Channel: Will Fuller
Kalawao Coastline 3
Kalawao Coastline 3
Published: 2014/12/05
Channel: Logan Jenott
What Is The Smallest Of The Hawaiian Islands?
What Is The Smallest Of The Hawaiian Islands?
Published: 2017/10/02
Channel: PutPut Put
Driving Downtown - Harlem - New York City NY USA
Driving Downtown - Harlem - New York City NY USA
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: J Utah
Pug, Puppies, For, Sale, In, East Honolulu, Hawaii, HI, Makaha, Pukalani, Haiku Pauwela, Maili, Hawa
Pug, Puppies, For, Sale, In, East Honolulu, Hawaii, HI, Makaha, Pukalani, Haiku Pauwela, Maili, Hawa
Published: 2014/05/22
Channel: 9breedersvideos
Whistleblower Lawyer Honolulu County, HI (866) 598-0941 Hawaii Qui Tam Lawsuit
Whistleblower Lawyer Honolulu County, HI (866) 598-0941 Hawaii Qui Tam Lawsuit
Published: 2014/02/18
Channel: Qui Tam Lawyers
Doberman Pinscher, Puppies, For, Sale, In, East Honolulu, Hawaii, HI, Makaha, Pukalani, Haiku Pauwel
Doberman Pinscher, Puppies, For, Sale, In, East Honolulu, Hawaii, HI, Makaha, Pukalani, Haiku Pauwel
Published: 2014/05/22
Channel: 9breedersvideos
What Number Of State Is Hawaii?
What Number Of State Is Hawaii?
Published: 2017/08/29
Channel: Trix Trix
Feuerinseln im Pazifik - Hawaii - Teil 3
Feuerinseln im Pazifik - Hawaii - Teil 3
Published: 2013/10/22
Channel: Sabine Reisel
Kauai County Hawaii Consumer Credit Counseling call 1-888-551-1270
Kauai County Hawaii Consumer Credit Counseling call 1-888-551-1270
Published: 2013/12/10
Channel: Laura Castillo
Dwyer Surface Mounting Plate Aluminum for Magnehelic Gauge
Dwyer Surface Mounting Plate Aluminum for Magnehelic Gauge
Published: 2016/09/23
Channel: matthew yates
Geology
Geology
Published: 2015/08/31
Channel: Bozeman Science
Chow Chow, Puppies, For, Sale, In, East Honolulu, Hawaii, HI, Makaha, Pukalani, Haiku Pauwela, Maili
Chow Chow, Puppies, For, Sale, In, East Honolulu, Hawaii, HI, Makaha, Pukalani, Haiku Pauwela, Maili
Published: 2014/05/22
Channel: 9breedersvideos
German Shepherd, Puppies, For, Sale, In, East Honolulu, Hawaii, HI, Makaha, Pukalani, Haiku Pauwela,
German Shepherd, Puppies, For, Sale, In, East Honolulu, Hawaii, HI, Makaha, Pukalani, Haiku Pauwela,
Published: 2014/05/22
Channel: 9breedersvideos
Shetland Sheepdog, Puppies, For, Sale, In, East Honolulu, Hawaii, HI, Makaha, Pukalani, Haiku Pauwel
Shetland Sheepdog, Puppies, For, Sale, In, East Honolulu, Hawaii, HI, Makaha, Pukalani, Haiku Pauwel
Published: 2014/05/22
Channel: 9breedersvideos
Great Pyrenees, Puppies, For, Sale, In, East Honolulu, Hawaii, HI, Makaha, Pukalani, Haiku Pauwela,
Great Pyrenees, Puppies, For, Sale, In, East Honolulu, Hawaii, HI, Makaha, Pukalani, Haiku Pauwela,
Published: 2014/05/22
Channel: 9breedersvideos
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Kalawao County, Hawaii
Kalaupapa penninsula.jpg
Kalaupapa penninsula
Map of Hawaii highlighting Kalawao County
Location in the U.S. state of Hawaii
Map of the United States highlighting Hawaii
Hawaii's location in the U.S.
Founded 1905
Seat none (administered by Hawaii Dept. of Health)
Largest community Kalaupapa
Area
 • Total 53 sq mi (137 km2)
 • Land 12 sq mi (31 km2)
 • Water 41 sq mi (106 km2), 77.3%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 88
 • Density 7.5/sq mi (3/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Hawaii-Aleutian: UTC-10

Kalawao County is a county located in the U.S. state of Hawaii.[1] The county encompasses the Kalaupapa or Makanalua Peninsula, on the north coast of the island of Molokaʻi. The small peninsula is isolated from the rest of Molokaʻi by sea cliffs over a quarter-mile high—the only land access is a mule trail. According to a 2016 census estimate, Kalawao County was the least-populated county in the United States and occupies the least area of any county.[2]

Because of the small population, Kalawao County does not have the functions of other Hawaii counties. Instead, it is a judicial district of Maui County, which includes the rest of the island of Molokaʻi. The county has no elected government.

It was developed and used from 1866 to 1969 for settlements for treatment of quarantined persons with Hansen's disease (leprosy).

History[edit]

The Kingdom of Hawaiʻi, the Republic of Hawaiʻi, the territory, and the state of Hawaii exiled persons suffering from Hansen's disease to the peninsula, from 1866 to 1969. The quarantine policy was lifted after effective antibiotic treatments were developed that could be administered on an outpatient basis and patients could be rendered non-contagious.

Many of the residents chose to remain on the peninsula, as they believed their disfigurements from the illness would make reintegration into society impossible. The state promised that they could live there for the rest of their lives. No new patients, or other permanent residents, were later admitted. Visitors are permitted only as part of official tours. State law prohibits anyone under the age of 16 from visiting or living there, although exceptions have been made for children visiting their relatives.

The Kalaupapa National Historical Park was established to preserve the county's history and environment. It is coterminous with the boundaries of Kalawao County.

Government[edit]

Kalawao County lacks a local, county government. Instead, Kalawao County is administered by the Hawaii Department of Health because of the history of the settlement and current patients living there. Under Hawaii state law, the Director of the Hawaii Department of Health, who is appointed by the Governor, also serves as the Mayor of Kalawao County.[3][4][5][6] The Mayor holds executive powers within the county; the mayor also appoints a county sheriff, who is selected from local residents.[7] The only county statutes that apply to Kalawao County directly are those on matters of health.[8]

Kalawao is part of the First Judicial Circuit, which includes the entire island of Oahu. For the purpose of notarization, the designated venue for the First Judicial Circuit is "State of Hawaii, City and County of Honolulu."

Geography[edit]

Kalawao County is included in the Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI Metropolitan Statistical Area.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 53 square miles (140 km2), of which 12 square miles (31 km2) is land and 41 square miles (110 km2) (77.3%) is water.[9] By land area, it is the smallest county in the United States.[citation needed]

Kalaupapa Peninsula[edit]

Kalaupapa Peninsula contains the county's only settlement, Kalaupapa. The Kalaupapa Peninsula developed from lava that erupted from the ocean floor near Kauhako Crater and spread outward, forming a low shield volcano. This was the most recent volcanic episode on the island and of the larger East Molokaʻi shield volcano, occurring after the formation of the cliffs by erosion.

Subdivisions[edit]

Kalawao County is composed of four ahupuaʻa. From west to east:[10][11]

Ahupuaʻa Area
mi²
Area
km²
Population Description
Kalaupapa 2.079 5.385 122 West side of Kalaupapa peninsula. Includes a section of Molokaʻi's coast further west
Makanalua 3.229 8.363 8 Strip of land in the center of the peninsula that runs to its northern tip. Includes Kalaupapa Airport.
Kalawao 3.294 8.531 9 Eastern coast of Kalaupapa peninsula and Waialeia Valley to the southeast
Waikolu 5.544 14.359 0 Includes namesake valley. Uninhabited.[12]
Kalawao County 14.146 36.638 139

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 1,177
1910 785 −33.3%
1920 667 −15.0%
1930 605 −9.3%
1940 446 −26.3%
1950 340 −23.8%
1960 279 −17.9%
1970 172 −38.4%
1980 144 −16.3%
1990 130 −9.7%
2000 147 13.1%
2010 90 −38.8%
Est. 2016 88 [13] −2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
1790-1960[15] 1900-1990[16]
1990-2000[17] 2010-2016[18]

As of the census of 2000,[19] 147 people, 115 households, and 21 families resided in the county, declining to 90 inhabitants in 2010. The population density was 11 people per square mile (4/km²). The 172 housing units produced an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 25.85% White, 17.01% Asian, 48.30% Pacific Islander, 2.72% from other races, and 6.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race made up 4.08%.

1.70% of households housed children under the age of 18. 16.50% were married couples living together. 2.60% had a female householder with no husband present. 80.90% were non-families. 79.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 31.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.28 and the average family size was 2.27.

2.00% under the age of 18, 1.40% from 18 to 24, 18.40% from 25 to 44, 46.30% from 45 to 64, and 32.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 59 years. For every 100 females there were 98.60 males. The population has declined since 1900:[20]

Current residents include 16 former patients[21], 40 federal employees who work on preservation projects, and some state-employed health workers.[22]

Transportation[edit]

The only access to Kalawao County is by air, or by a steep mule trail that descends 1,600 feet from the rest of Molokaʻi. Kalaupapa Airport has scheduled air service to Molokaʻi Airport and to Honolulu Airport.

Freight is delivered to the county once a year, usually in July, by barge.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Voss, Oscar (2012). "Is Kalawao County, on the north shore of Molokai, really a separate county?". Retrieved 25 January 2015. 
  2. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". 
  3. ^ Dingeman, Robbie (2002-10-31). "Smallest county to ban smoking". Honolulu Advertiser. Retrieved 2014-01-02. 
  4. ^ Rawlings, Nate (2013-12-12). "Hawaii Official Killed in Plane Crash". Time Magazine. Retrieved 2014-01-02. 
  5. ^ Uyeno, Kristine (2013-12-12). "Hawaii Official Killed in Plane Crash". KHON. Retrieved 2014-01-02. 
  6. ^ Kakesako, Gregg K. (2013-12-12). "Pilot described 'catastrophic engine failure' in Molokai crash". Honolulu Star Advertiser. Archived from the original on 2014-01-03. Retrieved 2014-01-02. 
  7. ^ "Department of Health Administrative Offices". State of Hawaiʻi. Retrieved 2010-09-28. 
  8. ^ "Hawaii's 4 (or 5) Counties". Retrieved 2014-01-22. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "Kalaupapa Ahupua`a neighborhood in Kalaupapa, Hawaii (HI), 96742 subdivision profile - real estate, apartments, condos, homes, community, population, jobs, income, streets". 
  11. ^ "Waikolu Ahupua`a neighborhood in Kaunakakai, Hawaii (HI), 96742 subdivision profile - real estate, apartments, condos, homes, community, population, jobs, income, streets". 
  12. ^ Mark D. McCoy: The Lands of the Hina: An Archeological Overview and Assessment of Kalaupapa National Historical Park, Molokaʻi, Chapter 8: Assessment, Seite 33
  13. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  14. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  18. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  19. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  20. ^ "Bureau of the Census: HAWAII. Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". 
  21. ^ Planning for Kalaupapa's future means remembering its past
  22. ^ When the Last Patient Dies
  23. ^ "Life Today in Kalaupapa". National Park Service. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 21°11′49″N 156°58′02″W / 21.19694°N 156.96722°W / 21.19694; -156.96722

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