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Kaloko Honokohau National Historical Park
Kaloko Honokohau National Historical Park
Published: 2015/09/15
Channel: myRVadventures
Tour Kaloko Honokōhau National Historical Park
Tour Kaloko Honokōhau National Historical Park
Published: 2017/02/25
Channel: JibaJabaJ
Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park
Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park
Published: 2015/12/23
Channel: Explore Nature
Honokōhau Settlement and Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park
Honokōhau Settlement and Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park
Published: 2014/04/23
Channel: Daniel Watts
Honokōhau Settlement and Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park
Honokōhau Settlement and Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park
Published: 2016/08/31
Channel: WikiWikiup
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park (Hawaii)
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park (Hawaii)
Published: 2011/10/20
Channel: Jennifer Norris
Honokohau Falls | Kukui | Maui | Hawaii |  plunges in two tiers for a total of 1100ft
Honokohau Falls | Kukui | Maui | Hawaii | plunges in two tiers for a total of 1100ft
Published: 2017/05/19
Channel: Cities of the World
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park in 61 Seconds
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park in 61 Seconds
Published: 2012/09/17
Channel: U.S. National Parks of the Pacific Islands
Drone Scenic Aerial View of Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park
Drone Scenic Aerial View of Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park
Published: 2014/11/24
Channel: Andy's Aerial Adventures
Kaloko Honokohau Revisited
Kaloko Honokohau Revisited
Published: 2016/04/12
Channel: myRVadventures
Kaloko Fishponds - KONAWEB.com
Kaloko Fishponds - KONAWEB.com
Published: 2013/03/09
Channel: Konabob Stoffer
KALOKO-HONOKŌHAU
KALOKO-HONOKŌHAU
Published: 2015/04/18
Channel: TAKE A HIKE HI
Turtles at Kaloko-Honokōhau Park 1
Turtles at Kaloko-Honokōhau Park 1
Published: 2015/05/31
Channel: iduntbelief
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park (Hawaii)
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park (Hawaii)
Published: 2011/10/20
Channel: Jennifer Norris
Where’s the Accountability and Transparency at Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park?
Where’s the Accountability and Transparency at Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park?
Published: 2015/03/02
Channel: Peter T Young
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park (Hawaii)
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park (Hawaii)
Published: 2011/10/20
Channel: Jennifer Norris
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historic Park.MOV
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historic Park.MOV
Published: 2012/06/02
Channel: MrATC57
Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park
Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park's 9th Annual Children's Culture Festival (2013)
Published: 2013/12/03
Channel: A. R.
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park Children
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park Children's Fest 2014
Published: 2014/12/02
Channel: U.S. National Parks of the Pacific Islands
Honokohau Kittens (long)
Honokohau Kittens (long)
Published: 2013/06/22
Channel: Mike Milligan
Turtle at Kaloko-Honokōhau Park
Turtle at Kaloko-Honokōhau Park
Published: 2015/05/31
Channel: iduntbelief
2012 Opening Ceremony (Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park)
2012 Opening Ceremony (Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park)
Published: 2012/11/16
Channel: U.S. National Parks of the Pacific Islands
Sunset at Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical
Sunset at Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical
Published: 2015/12/04
Channel: Tammilee Tillison
Hawaiian Coral Reefs at Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park
Hawaiian Coral Reefs at Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park
Published: 2011/10/19
Channel: U.S. National Parks of the Pacific Islands
Turtles at Kaloko-Honokōhau Park 2
Turtles at Kaloko-Honokōhau Park 2
Published: 2015/05/31
Channel: iduntbelief
Kaloko-Honokohau National Park
Kaloko-Honokohau National Park
Published: 2012/05/24
Channel: Victoria Mycue
Kaloko-Honokohau
Kaloko-Honokohau
Published: 2012/11/23
Channel: Pure Pacific
Tour Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park
Tour Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park
Published: 2012/07/16
Channel: Integration and Application Network
Green Sea Turtle at Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park Hawaii
Green Sea Turtle at Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park Hawaii
Published: 2013/03/10
Channel: tommeegun
Rare Hawaiian Monk Seal at Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park
Rare Hawaiian Monk Seal at Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park
Published: 2012/06/21
Channel: U.S. National Parks of the Pacific Islands
Hawaiian turtle at Kaloko-Honokohau National Park
Hawaiian turtle at Kaloko-Honokohau National Park
Published: 2012/11/07
Channel: Jia Wei Tam
SpotTheScotts: Koloko-Honokohau National Historic Park & Sea Turtles!!
SpotTheScotts: Koloko-Honokohau National Historic Park & Sea Turtles!!
Published: 2017/06/28
Channel: Spot The Scotts // RV Travel & Family Life!
Sunday Afternoon at Kaloko-Honokohau NHP
Sunday Afternoon at Kaloko-Honokohau NHP
Published: 2008/05/05
Channel: KonaKrab
Green sea turtle (Honu) at Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park
Green sea turtle (Honu) at Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park
Published: 2016/01/25
Channel: Jonathan Rundle
Explanation by Fred Cachola of how  Kaloko-Honokohau became a national park
Explanation by Fred Cachola of how Kaloko-Honokohau became a national park
Published: 2014/08/25
Channel: Jc Wicart
Kaloko Honokohau springs july 2016
Kaloko Honokohau springs july 2016
Published: 2016/07/08
Channel: ChrisandKim Salinas
Dennis Gregory - TIcket To The Sun at Koloko-Honokohau National Park
Dennis Gregory - TIcket To The Sun at Koloko-Honokohau National Park
Published: 2012/10/15
Channel: MaloloRecords
Hawaiian turtle at Kaloko-Honokohau National Park
Hawaiian turtle at Kaloko-Honokohau National Park
Published: 2012/11/07
Channel: Jia Wei Tam
Kaloko, Big Island, Hawaii
Kaloko, Big Island, Hawaii
Published: 2009/10/01
Channel: Big Island Television, Hawaii
Opening Ceremony Kaloko-Honokohau NHP Childrens Festival 4
Opening Ceremony Kaloko-Honokohau NHP Childrens Festival 4
Published: 2011/11/05
Channel: U.S. National Parks of the Pacific Islands
Important historical retrospective on Spirit Day at Kaloko-Honokohau
Important historical retrospective on Spirit Day at Kaloko-Honokohau
Published: 2014/08/25
Channel: Jc Wicart
Large surf breaking across the Honokohau Harbor entrance.
Large surf breaking across the Honokohau Harbor entrance.
Published: 2013/12/20
Channel: U.S. National Parks of the Pacific Islands
Honokohau Beach
Honokohau Beach
Published: 2016/07/02
Channel: John Keppler
Hana Pohaku-Working on Kaloko Fishpond
Hana Pohaku-Working on Kaloko Fishpond
Published: 2011/01/13
Channel: U.S. National Parks of the Pacific Islands
Honokohau Beach Snorkeling with Boss Frog
Honokohau Beach Snorkeling with Boss Frog's
Published: 2016/11/27
Channel: Boss Frog's Hawaii
Heritage Site - Kahoko-Honokohau National Historical Park
Heritage Site - Kahoko-Honokohau National Historical Park
Published: 2012/11/22
Channel: Pure Pacific
Ohana Day 2017 Kaloko-Honokohau NHP
Ohana Day 2017 Kaloko-Honokohau NHP
Published: 2017/02/12
Channel: U.S. National Parks of the Pacific Islands
Canoe rides at National Park
Canoe rides at National Park
Published: 2011/02/13
Channel: U.S. National Parks of the Pacific Islands
kaloko
kaloko
Published: 2017/08/17
Channel: Tad Nottage
Afternoon sea in Kaloko Honokohau
Afternoon sea in Kaloko Honokohau
Published: 2008/06/08
Channel: KonaKrab
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Honokōhau Settlement
Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park
Honokohau Halau.jpg
Honokōhau Hālau
Honokōhau Settlement and Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park is located in Hawaii
Honokōhau Settlement and Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park
Location Hawaii County, Hawaii, United States
Nearest city Kailua Kona, Hawaii
Coordinates 19°40′43.32″N 156°01′19.20″W / 19.6787000°N 156.0220000°W / 19.6787000; -156.0220000Coordinates: 19°40′43.32″N 156°01′19.20″W / 19.6787000°N 156.0220000°W / 19.6787000; -156.0220000
Area 1,161 acres (470 ha)
Architect Unknown
Architectural style Dry stack masonry
Visitation 153,584 (2012)[2]
Website Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park
NRHP Reference # 78003148[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 10, 1978
Designated NHL December 29, 1962[3]

Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park is a United States National Historical Park located in the Kona District on the Big island of Hawaiʻi in the U.S. state of Hawaiʻi. It includes the National Historic Landmarked archaeological site known as the Honokōhau Settlement. The park was established on November 10, 1978, for the preservation, protection and interpretation of traditional native Hawaiian activities and culture.

History[edit]

Kaloko and Honokōhau are the names of two of the four different ahupuaʻa, or traditional mountain-to-sea land divisions encompassed by the park. Although in ancient times this arid area of lava rock was called kekaha ʻaʻole wai (lands without water), the abundant sea life attracted settlement for hundreds of years.

Kaloko[edit]

Kaloko (meaning "the pond" in the Hawaiian language)[4] is a site of fishponds used in ancient Hawaii is on the North end of the park. The first reference to the pond comes from the story of Kamalalawalu, about 300 years ago. The kuapā (seawall)[5] is over 30 feet wide and 6 feet high, stretching for 750 feet. Constructed by hand without mortar, the angle and gaps between the stones deflected the surf better than many modern concrete seawalls.[6]

ʻAimakapā fishpond[7] is an important wetland area protecting native birds including the koloa maoli (Hawaiian duck, Anas wyvilliana), ʻalae keʻokeʻo (Hawaiian coot, Fulica alai), āeʻo (Hawaiian stilt, Himantopus mexicanus knudseni), auʻkuʻu (black-crowned night heron, Nycticorax nycticorax), among others. The area is currently under reforestation, after the removal of non-native invasive plants. [8] It was added to the Register of Historic Places in 1978 as site 78003148.[1]

Honokōhau[edit]

Honokōhau means "bay drawing dew" and refers to the ancient settlement on the south part of the park. This area can be reached via trails from the park visitor's center, or from the small boat harbor access road on Kealakehe Parkway.[9] Features include loko iʻa (Ancient Hawaiian aquaculture fishponds), kahua (house site platforms), kiʻi pōhaku (petroglyphs), hōlua (stone slides) and heiau (religious sites). The ʻAiʻopio Fishtrap is a 1.7-acre (0.69 ha) pond, with a stone wall forming an artificial enclosure along the naturally curved shoreline of a bay. Small openings allowed young fish to enter from the sea, but as they grew larger (or at low tide) they were easily caught with nets inside the trap as needed. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1966 as site 66000287.[citation needed]

Recreation[edit]

Several restored trails include about one mile of the Māmalahoa Trail.[10] It was built in the mid-19th century, and evolved over the years into the Hawaii Belt Road which encircles the entire island. The coastal trail is part of the Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail. The Honokōhau boat harbor provides a launching area for traditional canoes, fishing boats, Scuba diving and snorkeling tours of the area.

Gallery[edit]

ʻAiʻopio Fish trap at Honokōhau viewed from the beach 
Honokōhau small boat harbor 
Heiau on the beach 
Partially restored Kaloko Fish Pond 

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ "National Park Service Visitor Use Statistics". National Park Service. Retrieved May 28, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Honokōhau Settlement". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2011-05-11. Retrieved 2009-04-29. 
  4. ^ Mary Kawena Pukui and Samuel Hoyt Elbert (2003). "lookup of loko". in Hawaiian Dictionary. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii Press. 
  5. ^ Mary Kawena Pukui and Samuel Hoyt Elbert (2003). "lookup of kuapā". in Hawaiian Dictionary. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii Press. 
  6. ^ The Spirit of Kaloko brochure from National Park Service
  7. ^ Mary Kawena Pukui, Samuel Hoyt Elbert and Esther T. Mookini (2004). "lookup of ʻAimakapā". in Place Names of Hawai'i. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii Press. 
  8. ^ TREE Hawaii reforestation web site
  9. ^ Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park on National Park Service official web site
  10. ^ Mary Kawena Pukui, Samuel Hoyt Elbert and Esther T. Mookini (2004). "lookup of Māmalahoa". in Place Names of Hawai'i. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii Press. 

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