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Kanagawa: Growth [4K Japan Cinematic]
Kanagawa: Growth [4K Japan Cinematic]
Published: 2017/07/01
Channel: Odigo Japan
Exploring Kanagawa with Shizuka Anderson and MillieFreckles
Exploring Kanagawa with Shizuka Anderson and MillieFreckles
Published: 2016/08/28
Channel: Odigo Japan
Tokyo
Tokyo's beaches 2017 (Kanagawa Prefecture)
Published: 2017/09/22
Channel: Team Akarui Japan
Japanese Festival STREET FOOD | Kawasaki, Kanagawa Prefecture
Japanese Festival STREET FOOD | Kawasaki, Kanagawa Prefecture
Published: 2017/08/10
Channel: Yummy Japan
Japanese STREET FOOD Tour in Kamakura | Kanagawa Prefecture [4K]
Japanese STREET FOOD Tour in Kamakura | Kanagawa Prefecture [4K]
Published: 2017/07/08
Channel: Yummy Japan
Driving around Hiratsuka, Kanagawa prefecture
Driving around Hiratsuka, Kanagawa prefecture
Published: 2011/02/28
Channel: James Kemlo
Exploring Kamakura, Japan|Day 104 - Kanagawa
Exploring Kamakura, Japan|Day 104 - Kanagawa
Published: 2016/08/19
Channel: OkanoTV
Life in Japan: Walk Home in Kanagawa by Yokohama Part1
Life in Japan: Walk Home in Kanagawa by Yokohama Part1
Published: 2015/10/14
Channel: Koki Andp
Walking around Kawasaki, Kanagawa pref. - Long Take【神奈川・川崎】 4K
Walking around Kawasaki, Kanagawa pref. - Long Take【神奈川・川崎】 4K
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: NIPPON WANDERING TV
Summer BEACH FOOD in Japan | Enoshima, Kanagawa Prefecture
Summer BEACH FOOD in Japan | Enoshima, Kanagawa Prefecture
Published: 2017/07/28
Channel: Yummy Japan
Kanagawa Playthrough Review
Kanagawa Playthrough Review
Published: 2016/10/23
Channel: Ant Lab Games
Kanagawa Trailer
Kanagawa Trailer
Published: 2016/10/19
Channel: IELLO USA
Japanese WANKO SOBA CHALLENGE: 100 bowls of Noodles | Kanagawa Prefecture [4K]
Japanese WANKO SOBA CHALLENGE: 100 bowls of Noodles | Kanagawa Prefecture [4K]
Published: 2017/08/23
Channel: Yummy Japan
Graffiti in the Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Graffiti in the Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Published: 2009/10/03
Channel: HipHopSlam
JAPAN NEEDS PINOY WORKERS!!! First Destination : the beautiful kanagawa prefecture . Watch.
JAPAN NEEDS PINOY WORKERS!!! First Destination : the beautiful kanagawa prefecture . Watch.
Published: 2016/06/12
Channel: ROBATO VIEWZ
Kanagawa Prefecture Driving Test Course Practice Round
Kanagawa Prefecture Driving Test Course Practice Round
Published: 2013/07/10
Channel: silentangelfish
Making my own sushi! Exploring Manazuru - Kanagawa Prefecture!🍣
Making my own sushi! Exploring Manazuru - Kanagawa Prefecture!🍣
Published: 2017/11/28
Channel: KeiraInTokyo キーラ
神奈川県、窪倉電設の設置ビデオ (English translation: “Kanagawa Prefecture, installation video of Kubokura Denki”)
神奈川県、窪倉電設の設置ビデオ (English translation: “Kanagawa Prefecture, installation video of Kubokura Denki”)
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: SunPower
Tsunami in Fujisawa, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Tsunami in Fujisawa, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Published: 2015/04/30
Channel: A Reinoehl
Kawasaki Daishi (川崎大師) Temple, Kawasaki City, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Kawasaki Daishi (川崎大師) Temple, Kawasaki City, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Published: 2012/02/06
Channel: EnchantingJapan
Rural Hiratsuka, Kanagawa prefecture.
Rural Hiratsuka, Kanagawa prefecture.
Published: 2011/11/08
Channel: James Kemlo
Abandoned house in Kanagawa , Japan
Abandoned house in Kanagawa , Japan
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: Tomasz Borowski
Shorakuji, Aikawa Town, Aikō District, Kanagawa Prefecture.
Shorakuji, Aikawa Town, Aikō District, Kanagawa Prefecture.
Published: 2011/02/25
Channel: James Kemlo
神奈川県 逗子市 Kanagawa Prefecture Zushi
神奈川県 逗子市 Kanagawa Prefecture Zushi
Published: 2015/10/26
Channel: eiji1783
Kamakura Daibutsu and Enoshima Island, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Kamakura Daibutsu and Enoshima Island, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Published: 2014/04/05
Channel: Victor Andersen
Odawara Castle (Kanagawa Prefecture)
Odawara Castle (Kanagawa Prefecture)
Published: 2013/04/17
Channel: DutyInJapan
Was Totsuka station 4th in Kanagawa Prefecture
Was Totsuka station 4th in Kanagawa Prefecture
Published: 2016/11/23
Channel: むいち
Shonan Enoshima Monorail, Kanagawa Prefecture
Shonan Enoshima Monorail, Kanagawa Prefecture
Published: 2014/01/29
Channel: Avatar Wanto
Fish Market & Mikan Picking! Manazuru - Kanagawa Prefecture!
Fish Market & Mikan Picking! Manazuru - Kanagawa Prefecture!
Published: 2017/11/29
Channel: KeiraInTokyo キーラ
Jasmine goes to Kamakura - Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan (part 1)
Jasmine goes to Kamakura - Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan (part 1)
Published: 2015/03/25
Channel: enlightize
Kanagawa, how to play (In English)
Kanagawa, how to play (In English)
Published: 2017/04/25
Channel: Game4LifeBG
Engaku-ji (円覚寺) Temple, Kamakura, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Engaku-ji (円覚寺) Temple, Kamakura, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Published: 2012/02/17
Channel: EnchantingJapan
Shofuku-ji (Iizumi Kannon 飯泉観音) Temple, Odawara City, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Shofuku-ji (Iizumi Kannon 飯泉観音) Temple, Odawara City, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Published: 2012/02/02
Channel: EnchantingJapan
Abandoned building in Yokohama city, Kanagawa prefecture, Japan
Abandoned building in Yokohama city, Kanagawa prefecture, Japan
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: 小川光司
JAPAN Day 5 Hakone, Kanagawa Prefecture
JAPAN Day 5 Hakone, Kanagawa Prefecture
Published: 2017/06/27
Channel: basspig
Japanese Beach -Zushi Kanagawa Prefecture 2675(2015)
Japanese Beach -Zushi Kanagawa Prefecture 2675(2015)
Published: 2015/07/24
Channel: Ironman Zushi
伊勢原「あやめ」まつり 2013 Isehara Iris sanguinea Festival in Kanagawa prefecture Japan.
伊勢原「あやめ」まつり 2013 Isehara Iris sanguinea Festival in Kanagawa prefecture Japan.
Published: 2013/06/20
Channel: h1way2012
神奈川県警察音楽隊 マリンコンサート2017.7.20 Kanagawa Prefecture Police Music Corps
神奈川県警察音楽隊 マリンコンサート2017.7.20 Kanagawa Prefecture Police Music Corps
Published: 2017/07/22
Channel: 隊長たん
Zushi Beach Kanagawa Prefecture Japan Seakayaking 2675,11,16Mon
Zushi Beach Kanagawa Prefecture Japan Seakayaking 2675,11,16Mon
Published: 2015/11/19
Channel: Ironman Zushi
AE 86 Car Meet | Daikokufuto (大黒ふ頭) | Kanagawa Prefecture | Japan
AE 86 Car Meet | Daikokufuto (大黒ふ頭) | Kanagawa Prefecture | Japan
Published: 2015/02/08
Channel: Showoff Japan
日本の情景【夏】神奈川県警察音楽隊 Kanagawa Prefecture Police Music Corps
日本の情景【夏】神奈川県警察音楽隊 Kanagawa Prefecture Police Music Corps
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: 隊長たん
wahoo media | Kamakura city Kanagawa prefecture Japan
wahoo media | Kamakura city Kanagawa prefecture Japan
Published: 2015/06/07
Channel: Reijin Nishikura
Du lịch Nhật Bản, ngắm hoa anh đào - Kanagawa Prefecture
Du lịch Nhật Bản, ngắm hoa anh đào - Kanagawa Prefecture
Published: 2013/11/28
Channel: THANG LONG TOUR
Enno-ji Temple, Kamakura, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Enno-ji Temple, Kamakura, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Published: 2012/02/16
Channel: EnchantingJapan
星条旗よ永遠なれ「神奈川県警察音楽隊」Kanagawa Prefecture Police Music Corps
星条旗よ永遠なれ「神奈川県警察音楽隊」Kanagawa Prefecture Police Music Corps
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: 隊長たん
Otsukayama koen, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa prefecture Japan
Otsukayama koen, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa prefecture Japan
Published: 2011/02/12
Channel: James Kemlo
Aikawa koen, Aikawa, Kanagawa prefecture
Aikawa koen, Aikawa, Kanagawa prefecture
Published: 2011/05/02
Channel: James Kemlo
State Visit of The Gov of Kanagawa Prefecture of Japan Part 2 20 21 Nov 2011
State Visit of The Gov of Kanagawa Prefecture of Japan Part 2 20 21 Nov 2011
Published: 2012/03/27
Channel: pggov
Crime Scene in Kawasaki . Kanagawa Prefecture , Japan .
Crime Scene in Kawasaki . Kanagawa Prefecture , Japan .
Published: 2015/03/08
Channel: Charles Austin
Police Boat / Patrol Boat: No.5 HAKONE (Kanagawa Police) Japan  警備艇「神5 はこね」
Police Boat / Patrol Boat: No.5 HAKONE (Kanagawa Police) Japan 警備艇「神5 はこね」
Published: 2015/05/12
Channel: yukikazeyochan
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Kanagawa Prefecture
神奈川県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 神奈川県
 • Rōmaji Kanagawa-ken
Flag of Kanagawa Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Kanagawa Prefecture
Symbol
Location of Kanagawa Prefecture
Coordinates: 35°26′51.03″N 139°38′32.44″E / 35.4475083°N 139.6423444°E / 35.4475083; 139.6423444Coordinates: 35°26′51.03″N 139°38′32.44″E / 35.4475083°N 139.6423444°E / 35.4475083; 139.6423444
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Island Honshu
Capital Yokohama
Government
 • Governor Yūji Kuroiwa (since April 2011)
Area
 • Total 2,416.04 km2 (932.84 sq mi)
Area rank 43rd
Population (September 1, 2014)
 • Total 9,098,984
 • Rank 2nd
 • Density 3,770/km2 (9,800/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-14
Districts 6
Municipalities 33
Flower Golden-rayed lily (Lilium auratum)
Tree Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba)
Bird Common gull (Larus canus)
Website www.pref.kanagawa.jp
Prefectural office of Kanagawa in Yokohama

Kanagawa Prefecture (神奈川県, Kanagawa-ken) is a prefecture located in southern Kantō region of Japan.[1] The capital of the prefecture is Yokohama.[2] Kanagawa is part of the Greater Tokyo Area. Kanagawa Prefecture is home to Kamakura and Hakone, two highly popular side trip destinations from Tokyo.

History[edit]

The prefecture has some archaeological sites going back to the Jōmon period (around 400 BCE). About 3,000 years ago, Mount Hakone produced a volcanic explosion which resulted in Lake Ashi on the western area of the prefecture.

It is believed[by whom?] that the Yamato dynasty ruled this area from the 5th century onwards. In the ancient era, its plains were very sparsely inhabited.

In medieval Japan, Kanagawa was part of the provinces of Sagami and Musashi.[3] Kamakura in central Sagami was the capital of Japan during the Kamakura period (1185–1333).

During the Edo period, the western part of Sagami Province was governed by the daimyō of Odawara Castle, while the eastern part was directly governed by the Tokugawa shogunate in Edo (Tokyo).

Commodore Matthew Perry landed in Kanagawa in 1853 and 1854 and signed the Convention of Kanagawa to force open Japanese ports to the United States. Yokohama, the largest deep-water port in Tokyo Bay, was opened to foreign traders in 1859 after several more years of foreign pressure, and eventually developed into the largest trading port in Japan. Nearby Yokosuka, closer to the mouth of Tokyo Bay, developed as a naval port and now serves as headquarters for the U.S. 7th Fleet and the fleet operations of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force. After the Meiji period, many foreigners lived in Yokohama City, and visited Hakone. The Meiji Government developed the first railways in Japan, from Shinbashi (in Tokyo) to Yokohama in 1872.

The epicenter of the Great Kantō earthquake in 1923 was deep beneath Izu Ōshima Island in Sagami Bay. It devastated Tokyo, the port city of Yokohama, surrounding prefectures of Chiba, Kanagawa, and Shizuoka, and caused widespread damage throughout the Kantō region.[4] The sea receded as much as 400 metres from the shore at Manazuru Point, and then rushed back towards the shore in a great wall of water which swamped Mitsuishi-shima.[5] At Kamakura, the total death toll from earthquake, tsunami, and fire exceeded 2,000 victims.[6] At Odawara, ninety percent of the buildings collapsed immediately, and subsequent fires burned the rubble along with anything else left standing.[7]

Yokohama, Kawasaki and other major cities were heavily damaged by the U.S. bombing in 1945. Casualties amounted to more than several thousand. After the war, General Douglas MacArthur, the chief commander of Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers for the Occupation of Japan, landed in Kanagawa, before moving to other areas. U.S. military bases still remain in Kanagawa, including Camp Zama (Army), Yokosuka Naval Base, Naval Air Station Atsugi (Navy).

In 1945, Kanagawa was the 15th most populous prefecture in Japan, with the population of about 1.9 million. In the years after the war, the prefecture underwent rapid urbanization as a part of the Greater Tokyo Area. The population as of September 1, 2014, is estimated to be 9.1 million.[8] Kanagawa became the second most populous prefecture in 2006.

Geography[edit]

Kanagawa is a relatively small prefecture located at the southeastern corner of the Kantō Plain[9] wedged between Tokyo on the north, the foothills of Mount Fuji on the northwest, and the Sagami Bay[9] and Tokyo Bay on the south and east. The eastern side of the prefecture is relatively flat and heavily urbanized, including the large port cities of Yokohama and Kawasaki.

The southeastern area nearby the Miura Peninsula is less urbanized, with the ancient city of Kamakura drawing tourists to temples and shrines. The western part, bordered by Yamanashi Prefecture and Shizuoka Prefecture on the west,[10] is more mountainous and includes resort areas like Odawara and Hakone. The area, stretching 80 kilometres (50 mi) from west to east and 60 kilometres (37 mi) from north to south, contains 2,400 square kilometres (930 sq mi) of land, accounting for 0.64% of the total land area of Japan.[10]

As of 1 April 2012, 23% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park; Tanzawa-Ōyama Quasi-National Park; and Jinba Sagamiko, Manazuru Hantō, Okuyugawara, and Tanzawa-Ōyama Prefectural Natural Parks.[11]

Topography[edit]

Topographically, the prefecture consists of three distinct areas. The mountainous western region features the Tanzawa Mountain Range and Hakone Volcano. The hilly eastern region is characterized by the Tama Hills and Miura Peninsula. The central region, which surrounds the Tama Hills and Miura Peninsula, consists of flat stream terraces and low lands around major rivers including the Sagami River, Sakai River, Tsurumi River, and Tama River.[10]

The Tama River forms much of the boundary between Kanagawa and Tokyo. The Sagami River flows through the middle of the prefecture. In the western region, the Sakawa (river) runs through a small lowland, the Sakawa Lowland, between Hakone Volcano to the west and the Ōiso Hills to the east and flows into Sagami Bay.[9]

The Tanzawa Mountain Range, part of the Kantō Mountain Range, contains Mount Hiru (1,673 m or 5,489 ft), the highest peak in the prefecture. Other mountains measure similar mid-range heights: Mount Hinokiboramaru (1,601 m or 5,253 ft), Mount Tanzawa, (1,567 m or 5,141 ft), Mount Ōmuro (1,588 m or 5,210 ft), Mount Himetsugi (1,433 m or 4,701 ft), and Mount Usu (1,460 m or 4,790 ft). The mountain range is lower in height southward leading to Hadano Basin to the Ōiso Hills. At the eastern foothills of the mountain range lies the Isehara Plateau and across the Sagami River the Sagami Plateau.[9]

Cities[edit]

Map of Kanagawa Prefecture

Nineteen cities are located in Kanagawa Prefecture:

Yokohama
Kawasaki
Yokosuka
Odawara

Towns and villages[edit]

Prefectural office of Kanagawa

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers[edit]

Festivals and events[edit]

Odawara Hōjō Festival
  • Tama River Firework event
  • Yokohama Port Anniversary Festival (June)
  • Kamakura Festival (April)
  • Hiratsuka Tanabata Festival (July)
  • Odawara Hōjō Godai Festival (May)
  • Yugawara Kifune Festival (July)

Transportation[edit]

Kanagawa's transport network is heavily intertwined with that of Tokyo (see: Transportation in Greater Tokyo). Shin-Yokohama and Odawara stations on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen are located in the prefecture, providing high-speed rail service to Tokyo, Nagoya, Osaka, and other major cities.

Railways[edit]

Subways[edit]

Monorail[edit]

People movers[edit]

Road[edit]

Expressway[edit]

National highways[edit]

Ports[edit]

Education[edit]

The Kanagawa Prefectural Board of Education manages and oversees individual municipal school districts. The board of education also directly operates most of the public high schools in the prefecture.

University facilities[edit]

Sports[edit]

Facilities[edit]

Football and athletics[edit]

Baseball[edit]

Indoor[edit]

Other[edit]

Teams[edit]

Soccer (football)[edit]

Baseball[edit]

Basketball[edit]

Volleyball[edit]

Visitors attractions and places of interest[edit]

Sister areas[edit]

Kanagawa Prefecture has sister relationships with these places: [12]

In popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kanagawa" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 466, p. 466, at Google Books; "Kantō" in p. 479, p. 479, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Yokohama" in pp. 1054–1055, p. 154, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 466, p. 466, at Google Books.
  4. ^ Hammer, Joshua. (2006). Yokohama Burning: the Deadly 1923 Earthquake and Fire that Helped Forge the Path to World War II, p. 278, p. 278, at Google Books.
  5. ^ Hammer, pp. 114–115, p. 114, at Google Books.
  6. ^ Hammer, pp. 115-116, p. 115, at Google Books.
  7. ^ Hammer, p. 113, p. 113, at Google Books.
  8. ^ 神奈川県人口統計調査公表資料 (Report). 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c d Kanagawa terrain (in Japanese) (Translate to English: Google, Bing)
  10. ^ a b c Overview of the prefectural geography (in Japanese) (Translate to English: Google, Bing)
  11. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 16 August 2012. 
  12. ^ "Friendly/Sister Affiliations of Kanagawa Prefecture and the Municipalities : Kanagawa". Kanagawa Prefectural Government. February 1, 2016. Retrieved July 17, 2016. 
  13. ^ https://coordinacionpolitica.sre.gob.mx/images/stories/documentos_gobiernos/rai/agu/ags9.pdf

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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