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Driving around Hiratsuka, Kanagawa prefecture
Driving around Hiratsuka, Kanagawa prefecture
Published: 2011/02/28
Channel: James Kemlo
Exploring Kanagawa with Shizuka Anderson and MillieFreckles
Exploring Kanagawa with Shizuka Anderson and MillieFreckles
Published: 2016/08/28
Channel: Odigo Japan
JAPAN NEEDS PINOY WORKERS!!! First Destination : the beautiful kanagawa prefecture . Watch.
JAPAN NEEDS PINOY WORKERS!!! First Destination : the beautiful kanagawa prefecture . Watch.
Published: 2016/06/12
Channel: ROBATO VIEWZ
JAPANTRIP「Yokohama Chinatown」Kanagawa prefecture【横浜中華街】 2015.3.20
JAPANTRIP「Yokohama Chinatown」Kanagawa prefecture【横浜中華街】 2015.3.20
Published: 2015/03/20
Channel: JAPAN TRIP
Life in Japan: Walk Home in Kanagawa by Yokohama Part1
Life in Japan: Walk Home in Kanagawa by Yokohama Part1
Published: 2015/10/14
Channel: Koki
Kanagawa Prefecture Driving Test Course Practice Round
Kanagawa Prefecture Driving Test Course Practice Round
Published: 2013/07/10
Channel: silentangelfish
Kawasaki Daishi (川崎大師) Temple, Kawasaki City, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Kawasaki Daishi (川崎大師) Temple, Kawasaki City, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Published: 2012/02/06
Channel: EnchantingJapan
Kanagawa Playthrough Review
Kanagawa Playthrough Review
Published: 2016/10/23
Channel: Ant Lab Games
Kanagawa Review - with Zee Garcia
Kanagawa Review - with Zee Garcia
Published: 2016/11/11
Channel: The Dice Tower
Hashirimizu - Kanagawa - 走水 - 4K Ultra HD
Hashirimizu - Kanagawa - 走水 - 4K Ultra HD
Published: 2017/06/12
Channel: TokyoStreetView - Japan The Beautiful
Exploring Kamakura, Japan|Day 104 - Kanagawa
Exploring Kamakura, Japan|Day 104 - Kanagawa
Published: 2016/08/19
Channel: OkanoTV
Party leader visits Kanagawa Prefecture
Party leader visits Kanagawa Prefecture
Published: 2015/09/19
Channel: VTV4 on the Go
Kamakura Daibutsu and Enoshima Island, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Kamakura Daibutsu and Enoshima Island, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Published: 2014/04/05
Channel: Victor Andersen
Tsunami in Fujisawa, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Tsunami in Fujisawa, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Published: 2015/04/30
Channel: A Reinoehl
Tsunami in Miura, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Tsunami in Miura, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Published: 2015/06/02
Channel: A Reinoehl
神奈川県 逗子市 Kanagawa Prefecture Zushi
神奈川県 逗子市 Kanagawa Prefecture Zushi
Published: 2015/10/26
Channel: eiji1783
Jasmine goes to Kamakura - Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan (part 1)
Jasmine goes to Kamakura - Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan (part 1)
Published: 2015/03/25
Channel: enlightize
神奈川県、窪倉電設の設置ビデオ (English translation: “Kanagawa Prefecture, installation video of Kubokura Denki”)
神奈川県、窪倉電設の設置ビデオ (English translation: “Kanagawa Prefecture, installation video of Kubokura Denki”)
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: SunPower
Live "horse mackerel" SASHIMI in Kanagawa Prefecture
Live "horse mackerel" SASHIMI in Kanagawa Prefecture
Published: 2016/02/08
Channel: lv32com
日本跨縣行2017 Japan travel vlog☻神奈川縣 Kanagawa Prefecture *♪界箱根.大涌谷.浪漫特快 | GoPro & Canon 7D
日本跨縣行2017 Japan travel vlog☻神奈川縣 Kanagawa Prefecture *♪界箱根.大涌谷.浪漫特快 | GoPro & Canon 7D
Published: 2017/06/20
Channel: Yan Yoni
Du lịch Nhật Bản, ngắm hoa anh đào   Kanagawa Prefecture
Du lịch Nhật Bản, ngắm hoa anh đào Kanagawa Prefecture
Published: 2016/01/20
Channel: Du lịch nhật bản
Day trip to Kamakura, Kanagawa Prefecture
Day trip to Kamakura, Kanagawa Prefecture
Published: 2017/05/17
Channel: sinsak25
06 May 2015 | Imminent Volcanic Eruptions: Hakone Crater in Japan [Kanagawa Prefecture] 火山
06 May 2015 | Imminent Volcanic Eruptions: Hakone Crater in Japan [Kanagawa Prefecture] 火山
Published: 2015/05/06
Channel: earthspace101
Odawara Castle (Kanagawa Prefecture)
Odawara Castle (Kanagawa Prefecture)
Published: 2013/04/17
Channel: DutyInJapan
Enoshima-Kamakura 1 day trip! Kanagawa Prefecture
Enoshima-Kamakura 1 day trip! Kanagawa Prefecture
Published: 2016/08/10
Channel: ayafudge
Jasmine goes to Kamakura -Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan (part 2)
Jasmine goes to Kamakura -Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan (part 2)
Published: 2015/04/02
Channel: enlightize
How to Pronounce Kanagawa (prefecture)
How to Pronounce Kanagawa (prefecture)
Published: 2014/09/24
Channel: Japanese English 101
Staying in a Manga cafe "Comic Buster" Ofuna, Kanagawa prefecture, Japan
Staying in a Manga cafe "Comic Buster" Ofuna, Kanagawa prefecture, Japan
Published: 2016/04/13
Channel: hobocyclist
2015.05.09 Solso Farm @ Kawasaki city , Kanagawa prefecture
2015.05.09 Solso Farm @ Kawasaki city , Kanagawa prefecture
Published: 2015/05/09
Channel: 重輝酒井
Kanagawa Trailer
Kanagawa Trailer
Published: 2016/10/19
Channel: IELLO USA
Zushi Tagoe River Kanagawa Prefecture Japan 2675,11,16Mon
Zushi Tagoe River Kanagawa Prefecture Japan 2675,11,16Mon
Published: 2015/11/19
Channel: Ironman Zushi
Wandering 2016 Yokohama Kanagawa Prefecture
Wandering 2016 Yokohama Kanagawa Prefecture
Published: 2016/10/04
Channel: eluoj
FC Touge Drift // Hakone [箱根町] - Kanagawa Prefecture
FC Touge Drift // Hakone [箱根町] - Kanagawa Prefecture
Published: 2017/02/19
Channel: Valkayre
Near Oyama, Kanagawa Prefecture
Near Oyama, Kanagawa Prefecture
Published: 2013/04/16
Channel: Yuhji Kuronuma
HAKONE CABLE CAR .. Kanagawa prefecture japan
HAKONE CABLE CAR .. Kanagawa prefecture japan
Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: ANURAG VYAS. अनुराग व्यास
Hana Garden (Hiratsuka city, Kanagawa prefecture)
Hana Garden (Hiratsuka city, Kanagawa prefecture)
Published: 2013/05/26
Channel: Tabibito Kagerou
Shonan Enoshima Monorail, Kanagawa Prefecture
Shonan Enoshima Monorail, Kanagawa Prefecture
Published: 2014/01/29
Channel: Avatar Wanto
Otsukayama koen, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa prefecture Japan
Otsukayama koen, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa prefecture Japan
Published: 2011/02/12
Channel: James Kemlo
Dr. Fish on Enoshima Island, Kanagawa Prefecture 🐟
Dr. Fish on Enoshima Island, Kanagawa Prefecture 🐟
Published: 2017/05/09
Channel: Voodoo Child
Enno-ji Temple, Kamakura, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Enno-ji Temple, Kamakura, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Published: 2012/02/16
Channel: EnchantingJapan
Komyoji, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa prefecture
Komyoji, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa prefecture
Published: 2011/02/01
Channel: James Kemlo
Abandoned house in Kanagawa , Japan
Abandoned house in Kanagawa , Japan
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: Tomasz Borowski
State Visit of H E The Gov of Kanagawa Prefecture of Japan-Part 2 20-21 Nov 2011.mp4
State Visit of H E The Gov of Kanagawa Prefecture of Japan-Part 2 20-21 Nov 2011.mp4
Published: 2011/12/13
Channel: Penang Buletin
Japan Travel Vlog: Tenen Hiking Trail in Kamakura (Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan)
Japan Travel Vlog: Tenen Hiking Trail in Kamakura (Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan)
Published: 2016/11/06
Channel: earlatifah
Hakone Ropeway, Hakone, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Hakone Ropeway, Hakone, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Published: 2015/03/17
Channel: poal
Hayama Marina New port ,Kanagawa Prefecture Japan,2675,9,18,Fri
Hayama Marina New port ,Kanagawa Prefecture Japan,2675,9,18,Fri
Published: 2015/09/21
Channel: Ironman Zushi
Freestyle Ice Skating with LED lights @ Ginga Arena, Kanagawa Prefecture
Freestyle Ice Skating with LED lights @ Ginga Arena, Kanagawa Prefecture
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: SendaiSk8er
State Visit of The Gov of Kanagawa Prefecture of Japan Part 2 20 21 Nov 2011
State Visit of The Gov of Kanagawa Prefecture of Japan Part 2 20 21 Nov 2011
Published: 2012/03/27
Channel: pggov
JAPANTRIP「kannai」Yokohama City, Kanagawa Prefecture【神奈川県横浜市関内】
JAPANTRIP「kannai」Yokohama City, Kanagawa Prefecture【神奈川県横浜市関内】
Published: 2014/03/21
Channel: JAPAN TRIP
Hayama Kanagawa Prefecture Japan 葉山公園、カヤックを愉しむ 2675,5,17,
Hayama Kanagawa Prefecture Japan 葉山公園、カヤックを愉しむ 2675,5,17,
Published: 2015/05/17
Channel: Ironman Zushi
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Kanagawa Prefecture
神奈川県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 神奈川県
 • Rōmaji Kanagawa-ken
Flag of Kanagawa Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Kanagawa Prefecture
Symbol of Kanagawa Prefecture
Location of Kanagawa Prefecture
Coordinates: 35°26′51.03″N 139°38′32.44″E / 35.4475083°N 139.6423444°E / 35.4475083; 139.6423444Coordinates: 35°26′51.03″N 139°38′32.44″E / 35.4475083°N 139.6423444°E / 35.4475083; 139.6423444
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Island Honshu
Capital Yokohama
Government
 • Governor Yūji Kuroiwa (since April 2011)
Area
 • Total 2,416.04 km2 (932.84 sq mi)
Area rank 43rd
Population (September 1, 2014)
 • Total 9,098,984
 • Rank 2nd
 • Density 3,770/km2 (9,800/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-14
Districts 6
Municipalities 33
Flower Golden-rayed lily (Lilium auratum)
Tree Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba)
Bird Common gull (Larus canus)
Website www.pref.kanagawa.jp
Prefectural office of Kanagawa in Yokohama

Kanagawa Prefecture (神奈川県, Kanagawa-ken) is a prefecture located in southern Kantō region of Japan.[1] The capital of the prefecture is Yokohama.[2] Kanagawa is part of the Greater Tokyo Area. Kanagawa Prefecture is home to Kamakura and Hakone, two highly popular side trip destinations from Tokyo.

History[edit]

The prefecture has some archaeological sites going back to the Jōmon period (around 400 BCE). About 3,000 years ago, Mount Hakone produced a volcanic explosion which resulted in Lake Ashi on the western area of the prefecture.

It is believed[by whom?] that the Yamato dynasty ruled this area from the 5th century onwards. In the ancient era, its plains were very sparsely inhabited.

In medieval Japan, Kanagawa was part of the provinces of Sagami and Musashi.[3] Kamakura in central Sagami was the capital of Japan during the Kamakura period (1185–1333).

During the Edo period, the western part of Sagami Province was governed by the daimyō of Odawara Castle, while the eastern part was directly governed by the Tokugawa shogunate in Edo (Tokyo).

Commodore Matthew Perry landed in Kanagawa in 1853 and 1854 and signed the Convention of Kanagawa to force open Japanese ports to the United States. Yokohama, the largest deep-water port in Tokyo Bay, was opened to foreign traders in 1859 after several more years of foreign pressure, and eventually developed into the largest trading port in Japan. Nearby Yokosuka, closer to the mouth of Tokyo Bay, developed as a naval port and now serves as headquarters for the U.S. 7th Fleet and the fleet operations of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force. After the Meiji period, many foreigners lived in Yokohama City, and visited Hakone. The Meiji Government developed the first railways in Japan, from Shinbashi (in Tokyo) to Yokohama in 1872.

The epicenter of the Great Kantō earthquake in 1923 was deep beneath Izu Ōshima Island in Sagami Bay. It devastated Tokyo, the port city of Yokohama, surrounding prefectures of Chiba, Kanagawa, and Shizuoka, and caused widespread damage throughout the Kantō region.[4] The sea receded as much as 400 metres from the shore at Manazuru Point, and then rushed back towards the shore in a great wall of water which swamped Mitsuishi-shima.[5] At Kamakura, the total death toll from earthquake, tsunami, and fire exceeded 2,000 victims.[6] At Odawara, ninety percent of the buildings collapsed immediately, and subsequent fires burned the rubble along with anything else left standing.[7]

Yokohama, Kawasaki and other major cities were heavily damaged by the U.S. bombing in 1945. Casualties amounted to more than several thousand. After the war, General Douglas MacArthur, the chief commander of Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers for the Occupation of Japan, landed in Kanagawa, before moving to other areas. U.S. military bases still remain in Kanagawa, including Camp Zama (Army), Yokosuka Naval Base, Naval Air Station Atsugi (Navy).

In 1945, Kanagawa was the 15th most populous prefecture in Japan, with the population of about 1.9 million. In the years after the war, the prefecture underwent rapid urbanization as a part of the Greater Tokyo Area. The population as of September 1, 2014, is estimated to be 9.1 million.[8] Kanagawa became the second most populous prefecture in 2006.

Geography[edit]

Kanagawa is a relatively small prefecture located at the southeastern corner of the Kantō Plain[9] wedged between Tokyo on the north, the foothills of Mount Fuji on the northwest, and the Sagami Bay[9] and Tokyo Bay on the south and east. The eastern side of the prefecture is relatively flat and heavily urbanized, including the large port cities of Yokohama and Kawasaki.

The southeastern area nearby the Miura Peninsula is less urbanized, with the ancient city of Kamakura drawing tourists to temples and shrines. The western part, bordered by Yamanashi Prefecture and Shizuoka Prefecture on the west,[10] is more mountainous and includes resort areas like Odawara and Hakone. The area, stretching 80 kilometres (50 mi) from west to east and 60 kilometres (37 mi) from north to south, contains 2,400 square kilometres (930 sq mi) of land, accounting for 0.64% of the total land area of Japan.[10]

As of 1 April 2012, 23% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park; Tanzawa-Ōyama Quasi-National Park; and Jinba Sagamiko, Manazuru Hantō, Okuyugawara, and Tanzawa-Ōyama Prefectural Natural Parks.[11]

Topography[edit]

Topographically, the prefecture consists of three distinct areas. The mountainous western region features the Tanzawa Mountain Range and Hakone Volcano. The hilly eastern region is characterized by the Tama Hills and Miura Peninsula. The central region, which surrounds the Tama Hills and Miura Peninsula, consists of flat stream terraces and low lands around major rivers including the Sagami River, Sakai River, Tsurumi River, and Tama River.[10]

The Tama River forms much of the boundary between Kanagawa and Tokyo. The Sagami River flows through the middle of the prefecture. In the western region, the Sakawa (river) runs through a small lowland, the Sakawa Lowland, between Hakone Volcano to the west and the Ōiso Hills to the east and flows into Sagami Bay.[9]

The Tanzawa Mountain Range, part of the Kantō Mountain Range, contains Mount Hiru (1,673 m or 5,489 ft), the highest peak in the prefecture. Other mountains measure similar mid-range heights: Mount Hinokiboramaru (1,601 m or 5,253 ft), Mount Tanzawa, (1,567 m or 5,141 ft), Mount Ōmuro (1,588 m or 5,210 ft), Mount Himetsugi (1,433 m or 4,701 ft), and Mount Usu (1,460 m or 4,790 ft). The mountain range is lower in height southward leading to Hadano Basin to the Ōiso Hills. At the eastern foothills of the mountain range lies the Isehara Plateau and across the Sagami River the Sagami Plateau.[9]

Cities[edit]

Map of Kanagawa Prefecture

Nineteen cities are located in Kanagawa Prefecture:

Yokohama
Kawasaki
Yokosuka
Odawara

Towns and villages[edit]

Prefectural office of Kanagawa

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers[edit]

Festivals and events[edit]

Odawara Hōjō Festival
  • Tama River Firework event
  • Yokohama Port Anniversary Festival (June)
  • Kamakura Festival (April)
  • Hiratsuka Tanabata Festival (July)
  • Odawara Hōjō Godai Festival (May)
  • Yugawara Kifune Festival (July)

Transportation[edit]

Kanagawa's transport network is heavily intertwined with that of Tokyo (see: Transportation in Greater Tokyo). Shin-Yokohama and Odawara stations on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen are located in the prefecture, providing high-speed rail service to Tokyo, Nagoya, Osaka, and other major cities.

Railways[edit]

Subways[edit]

Monorail[edit]

People movers[edit]

Road[edit]

Expressway[edit]

National highways[edit]

Ports[edit]

Education[edit]

The Kanagawa Prefectural Board of Education manages and oversees individual municipal school districts. The board of education also directly operates most of the public high schools in the prefecture.

University facilities[edit]

Sports[edit]

Facilities[edit]

Football and athletics[edit]

Baseball[edit]

Indoor[edit]

Other[edit]

Teams[edit]

Soccer (football)[edit]

Baseball[edit]

Basketball[edit]

Volleyball[edit]

Visitors attractions and places of interest[edit]

Sister areas[edit]

Kanagawa Prefecture has sister relationships with these places: [12]

In popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kanagawa" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 466, p. 466, at Google Books; "Kantō" in p. 479, p. 479, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Yokohama" in pp. 1054–1055, p. 154, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 466, p. 466, at Google Books.
  4. ^ Hammer, Joshua. (2006). Yokohama Burning: the Deadly 1923 Earthquake and Fire that Helped Forge the Path to World War II, p. 278, p. 278, at Google Books.
  5. ^ Hammer, pp. 114–115, p. 114, at Google Books.
  6. ^ Hammer, pp. 115-116, p. 115, at Google Books.
  7. ^ Hammer, p. 113, p. 113, at Google Books.
  8. ^ 神奈川県人口統計調査公表資料 (Report). 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c d Kanagawa terrain (in Japanese) (Translate to English: Google, Bing)
  10. ^ a b c Overview of the prefectural geography (in Japanese) (Translate to English: Google, Bing)
  11. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 16 August 2012. 
  12. ^ "Friendly/Sister Affiliations of Kanagawa Prefecture and the Municipalities : Kanagawa". Kanagawa Prefectural Government. February 1, 2016. Retrieved July 17, 2016. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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