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IMPAKTO FT. KAPU FT. DEMONIO // NO SON MAÑA // Video Oficial
IMPAKTO FT. KAPU FT. DEMONIO // NO SON MAÑA // Video Oficial
Published: 2016/06/26
Channel: Impakto Official
TREN LOKOTE FT. KAPU // CRES QUE SON MENTIRAS? // Video Oficial
TREN LOKOTE FT. KAPU // CRES QUE SON MENTIRAS? // Video Oficial
Published: 2016/05/04
Channel: TREN ARSENAL
Kapu El De La RK Ft. Mc KOS - Escucho Que Hablan | Video Oficial | HD
Kapu El De La RK Ft. Mc KOS - Escucho Que Hablan | Video Oficial | HD
Published: 2014/09/25
Channel: aztlann12
Hero Suman on Kapu community In AP | KAPU IKAYA GARJANA | No.1 News
Hero Suman on Kapu community In AP | KAPU IKAYA GARJANA | No.1 News
Published: 2016/03/16
Channel: No1 News Telugu
kapu title song
kapu title song
Published: 2015/08/27
Channel: Kapu Narasaraopet
RGV Likes Kapu Caste | Ramuism | Episode 34 | Part 6 | Tollywood TV Telugu
RGV Likes Kapu Caste | Ramuism | Episode 34 | Part 6 | Tollywood TV Telugu
Published: 2016/07/13
Channel: Tollywood Tv Telugu
TREN LOKOTE FT. KAPU // DESDE GUANATOS // VIDEO OFICIAL
TREN LOKOTE FT. KAPU // DESDE GUANATOS // VIDEO OFICIAL
Published: 2017/01/14
Channel: TREN ARSENAL
Tren Lokote Se Pelea con Kapu - 2017
Tren Lokote Se Pelea con Kapu - 2017
Published: 2017/06/10
Channel: Sensacion Rap
Tren Lokote (NO HAY FALLA) FT. Kapu - Remik Gonzalez - Little Ricky - KDC - B-Raster (VIDEO OFICIAL)
Tren Lokote (NO HAY FALLA) FT. Kapu - Remik Gonzalez - Little Ricky - KDC - B-Raster (VIDEO OFICIAL)
Published: 2016/12/09
Channel: TREN ARSENAL
Tren Lokote & SSRecords, Kapu. (Video Official Hd) "No Estamos Jugando"
Tren Lokote & SSRecords, Kapu. (Video Official Hd) "No Estamos Jugando"
Published: 2016/05/07
Channel: SSRecords Oficial
Tren lokote  mc luka remik desorden bb raster kapu el rk
Tren lokote mc luka remik desorden bb raster kapu el rk
Published: 2016/12/07
Channel: Hector papas
Fatal Feat. Juanito & Kapu - Es La Evolucion | Video Oficial | HD
Fatal Feat. Juanito & Kapu - Es La Evolucion | Video Oficial | HD
Published: 2014/06/20
Channel: aztlann12
Balijas separation in Kapu agitation heats up AP - TV9
Balijas separation in Kapu agitation heats up AP - TV9
Published: 2017/01/30
Channel: TV9 Telugu
CM Chandrababu Naidu Is Ignoring Kapu Reservations || Actress Hema
CM Chandrababu Naidu Is Ignoring Kapu Reservations || Actress Hema
Published: 2017/01/05
Channel: Sakshi TV
Diamond alivyo mkabizi Dada Asha kapu la UHONDO FIRE (EFM TANZANIA)
Diamond alivyo mkabizi Dada Asha kapu la UHONDO FIRE (EFM TANZANIA)
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: Diamond Platnumz
KAPU // QUE QUIEREN HACER // PREVIEW OFICIAL
KAPU // QUE QUIEREN HACER // PREVIEW OFICIAL
Published: 2016/06/09
Channel: KAPU ARSENAL
Prominent Kapu Directors in Tollywood
Prominent Kapu Directors in Tollywood
Published: 2016/06/23
Channel: Kapu Community
Khamma Reddy Kapu Raju Hilarious Comedy Scene - MS Narayana, Krishna Bhagavan
Khamma Reddy Kapu Raju Hilarious Comedy Scene - MS Narayana, Krishna Bhagavan
Published: 2014/10/25
Channel: Telugu Comedy Club
Kamma kapu war
Kamma kapu war
Published: 2016/10/15
Channel: suresh kumar
Pawan Dailouges on Kapu Caste in Sardaar Gabar Singh Movie - Filmy Focus
Pawan Dailouges on Kapu Caste in Sardaar Gabar Singh Movie - Filmy Focus
Published: 2016/02/16
Channel: Filmy Focus
APPCC Chief Raghuveera Reddy   Meet Kapu Leader Mudragada Padmanabham
APPCC Chief Raghuveera Reddy Meet Kapu Leader Mudragada Padmanabham
Published: 2017/06/23
Channel: Sakshi TV
Kapu Naidu
Kapu Naidu
Published: 2016/08/17
Channel: Arun Kumar Naidu
KOMPLETTES SCHUTZPATRONEN KAPU POKÉMON TEAM!
KOMPLETTES SCHUTZPATRONEN KAPU POKÉMON TEAM!
Published: 2017/03/22
Channel: Blizzeatos
Kapu Garjana Turns Violent | High Tension In Tuni | East Godavari | V6 News
Kapu Garjana Turns Violent | High Tension In Tuni | East Godavari | V6 News
Published: 2016/01/31
Channel: V6 News Telugu
Kapu fajták | FémDekor TV
Kapu fajták | FémDekor TV
Published: 2014/06/15
Channel: FémDekor Kft.
Kapu Welfare .com Mobile App | Launched By Minister China Rajappa | Rajahmundry
Kapu Welfare .com Mobile App | Launched By Minister China Rajappa | Rajahmundry
Published: 2017/06/11
Channel: ETV Andhra Pradesh
G. V. Sudhakar Naidu Aggressive Speech In Press Meet || Kapu Garjana
G. V. Sudhakar Naidu Aggressive Speech In Press Meet || Kapu Garjana
Published: 2016/02/04
Channel: iDream News
I Never Supported One Single Caste - Pawan Kalyan ||  Kapu Garjana || Tuni Incident
I Never Supported One Single Caste - Pawan Kalyan || Kapu Garjana || Tuni Incident
Published: 2016/02/01
Channel: iDream Filmnagar
Special Story on Politics Over Kapu Reservations in AP | Political Picture | HMTV
Special Story on Politics Over Kapu Reservations in AP | Political Picture | HMTV
Published: 2016/11/12
Channel: HMTV News
Mudragada gives clarity on Kapu Leaders March | Vizianagaram | AP | 10TV
Mudragada gives clarity on Kapu Leaders March | Vizianagaram | AP | 10TV
Published: 2017/06/20
Channel: 10TVNewsChannel
Prominent Kapu Actors in Tollywood
Prominent Kapu Actors in Tollywood
Published: 2016/06/23
Channel: Kapu Community
KAPU-TORO & KAPU-KIME FANGEN! POKÉMON SONNE & MOND!
KAPU-TORO & KAPU-KIME FANGEN! POKÉMON SONNE & MOND!
Published: 2016/12/03
Channel: Shizumania
Caste Politics | Kapu Ikya Maha Sabha | Kapunadu | Story Board Part 01
Caste Politics | Kapu Ikya Maha Sabha | Kapunadu | Story Board Part 01
Published: 2016/02/01
Channel: NTV Telugu
KAPU-RIKI & KAPU-FALA FANGEN! POKÉMON SONNE & MOND!
KAPU-RIKI & KAPU-FALA FANGEN! POKÉMON SONNE & MOND!
Published: 2016/12/02
Channel: Shizumania
Jyothula Nehru About Kapu Community Influence And Losses In Business | Open Heart With RK
Jyothula Nehru About Kapu Community Influence And Losses In Business | Open Heart With RK
Published: 2016/05/22
Channel: ABN Telugu
Jaleel Khan Sensational Comments On Caste Based Politics |Kapu caste |Chandrababu Naidu | Newsdeccan
Jaleel Khan Sensational Comments On Caste Based Politics |Kapu caste |Chandrababu Naidu | Newsdeccan
Published: 2017/05/27
Channel: distodaynews
Pramusti Bali | Mang Gita -- Kapu Kapu
Pramusti Bali | Mang Gita -- Kapu Kapu
Published: 2014/08/14
Channel: SuluhBaliTV
kapu-tarina jatkuu f.ville vallaton
kapu-tarina jatkuu f.ville vallaton
Published: 2013/03/05
Channel: HURTTA
Tren lokote vs kapu.... se pelean..??
Tren lokote vs kapu.... se pelean..??
Published: 2017/06/10
Channel: PURO RAP
Why Mudragada Padmanabham Started Kapu Movement in AP? || Off The Record || NTV
Why Mudragada Padmanabham Started Kapu Movement in AP? || Off The Record || NTV
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: NTV Telugu
CUIDADO CON MI GENTE - Kapu ft Bomper - Viode Oficial - 2015 (PMS)
CUIDADO CON MI GENTE - Kapu ft Bomper - Viode Oficial - 2015 (PMS)
Published: 2015/05/28
Channel: Mc Porro
KAPU Rima Kallejera - CALLE CANALLA - Video Oficial HD
KAPU Rima Kallejera - CALLE CANALLA - Video Oficial HD
Published: 2016/04/04
Channel: Mc Porro
Kapu-Toro fangen! - Pokémon Sonne und Mond #65
Kapu-Toro fangen! - Pokémon Sonne und Mond #65
Published: 2016/12/25
Channel: RegiBang
Mudragada to launch Chalo Amaravati From July 26 For Kapu Reservations
Mudragada to launch Chalo Amaravati From July 26 For Kapu Reservations
Published: 2017/06/20
Channel: Sakshi TV
Kamma Kamma Kapu Kapu Audio Song || Vangaveeti || Ram Gopal Varma || FIRST ON NOIX TV
Kamma Kamma Kapu Kapu Audio Song || Vangaveeti || Ram Gopal Varma || FIRST ON NOIX TV
Published: 2016/02/10
Channel: NOIX TV
Mensur Kadriu - Kapu ne kete litar (Ilahi Shqip)
Mensur Kadriu - Kapu ne kete litar (Ilahi Shqip)
Published: 2014/03/25
Channel: Radio Ilahi Shqip
Munnuru kapu patel song
Munnuru kapu patel song
Published: 2016/05/18
Channel: Munnuru kapu patel
Free Coaching to for Group I  Exams to Kapu Students Held Started @ Vijayawada
Free Coaching to for Group I Exams to Kapu Students Held Started @ Vijayawada
Published: 2016/12/18
Channel: ETV Andhra Pradesh
Deputy CM Chinna Rajappa launches Kapu Welfare Mobile App | Andhra Pradesh | 10TV
Deputy CM Chinna Rajappa launches Kapu Welfare Mobile App | Andhra Pradesh | 10TV
Published: 2017/06/11
Channel: 10TVNewsChannel
KAPU-FALA FANGEN! KAPU-FALA FANGEN IN DER RUINE DES LEBENS! | POKÉMON MOND DEUTSCH PART 55
KAPU-FALA FANGEN! KAPU-FALA FANGEN IN DER RUINE DES LEBENS! | POKÉMON MOND DEUTSCH PART 55
Published: 2016/12/07
Channel: Blizzeatos
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Kapu is the ancient Hawaiian code of conduct of laws and regulations. The kapu system was universal in lifestyle, gender roles, politics and religion. An offense that was kapu was often a corporal offense, but also often denoted a threat to spiritual power, or theft of mana. Kapus were strictly enforced. Breaking one, even unintentionally, often meant immediate death,[1] Koʻo kapu. The concept is related to taboo and the tapu or tabu found in other Polynesian cultures. The Hawaiian word kapu is usually translated to English as "forbidden", though it also carries the meanings of "keep out", "no trespassing", "sacred", "consecrated", or "holy".

The opposite of kapu is noa, meaning "common" or "free".

Kapuhili[edit]

The Kapuhili were restrictions placed upon contact with chiefs (kings), but these also apply to all people of known spiritual power. Kapu Kū mamao means prohibited from a place of the chief, while Kapu noho was to assemble before the chief. It was kapu when entering a chief's personal area to come in contact with his hair or fingernail clippings, to look directly at him, and to be in sight of him with a head higher than his. Wearing red and yellow feathers (a sign of royalty) was kapu, unless an individual was of the highest rank. Places that are kapu are often symbolized by Pahu Kapu, two crossed staffs, each with a white ball atop.

ʻAi Kapu[edit]

The ʻAi kapu was the kapu system governing contact between men and women. Many aliʻi obtained their power through this system, and then would give thanks to the god of politics .[2] ʻAi means "to eat" and Kapu means sacred. Therefore, it is translated to "sacred eating". It first came about because Wākea wanted to sleep with his daughter, Hoʻohōkūlani. To do this, his kupuna advised him to establish the ʻAi kapu which allowed him time away from his wife to be alone with his daughter.[3] In this particular practice, men and women could not eat meals together. Furthermore, certain foods such as pork (the body form of the god Lono), most types (67 of the 70 varieties) of bananas (body form of the god Kanaloa), and coconuts (body form of the god ) were considered kapu to women. In fact, women could not even make coconut rope. Taro (body form of the god Kāne) was kapu for women to cook and prepare. Some large fish were also kapu for women to eat. Isabella Abbott, a leading ethnobotanist of Hawaii theorizes that because of the limited "noa" (free) diet for Hawaiian women, seaweeds were relied upon more heavily for Hawaiians than other Pacific islands.[4]

The kapu system was used in Hawaii until 1819, when King Kamehameha II, acting with his mother Keōpūolani and his father's queen Kaʻahumanu, abolished it by the symbolic act of sharing a meal of forbidden foods with the women of his court. Abolishing the ʻai kapu assured political power to the line of Kamehameha rulers as monarchs because it limited the power of the rulers below them. Originally, it was from this political system that the rulers throughout the island would gain rank, power, and prestige.[5]

Modern usage[edit]

The ambiguities in the Polynesian concept (from the English point of view) are reflected in the different senses of the word in different national Englishes: In modern usage in Hawaii, "KAPU" is often substituted for the phrase "No Trespassing" on private property signage. Although kapu can be taken to mean "keep out", kapu has a larger meaning to most residents of Hawai‘i. By contrast, in New Zealand, the comparable word "tapu" is almost always applied in English as meaning "sacred".

Terms[edit]

Some terms using Kapu:

  • ʻaha kapu: the sennit cord put across the portal of a house to signify a ban on entering the house.
  • ʻai kapu: the protocol regarding food.
  • Hei kapu: The place where priests await messages from the gods.
  • Huʻa kapu: the borders of an off-limits place.
  • Kapuhili: inherited privileges of chiefs or privileges from the gods
  • Kapu ʻili: the crime of wearing someone else’s clothing.
  • Kapu kai: the ritual purification of bathing in the sea.
  • Kapukapu: to be decorous.
  • Kapukapu kai: the ritual of lifting a ban by sprinkling sea water.
  • Kapu kū mamao: the law on commoners to be separate from the chiefs.
  • Kapu loa. To be strictly forbidden.
  • Kapu moe: protocol of prostration.
  • Kapu noho: assemblage before the chief.
  • Kapuō: the announcement that a procession is approaching.
  • Kapo ʻōhi'a ko: the ritual performed before an ohia tree can be logged.
  • Kapu puhi kanaka: the rules regarding the killing of people.
  • Kapu wohi: protocol exempting from prostration.
  • Koʻo kapu: a prohibition enforced by death.
  • Pahu Kapu: two crossed staffs, each with a white ball atop.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.islands.com/article.jsp?ID=47759&typeID=122&categoryID=0
  2. ^ "Realms: Wao Lani - Ku," Hawai'i Alive website, http://www.hawaiialive.org/realms.php?sub=Wao+Lani&treasure=340&offset=0, 2011. Retrieved on 09 November 2012.
  3. ^ Losche, Tracie. Hawaii: Center of the Pacific. 2nd ed. (Hawaii: Copely Custom Textbooks, 2008), 60-64
  4. ^ "Oral History Project - Dr. Isabella Abbott". An Oral History Project - Dr. Isabella Abbott. Retrieved 1 December 2011. 
  5. ^ Kāwika Tengan, Ty P. Native Men Remade: Gender and Nation in Contemporary Hawai'i (North Carolina: Duke University Press, 2008), 36

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