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Kaskaskia River  below Carlyle lake
Kaskaskia River below Carlyle lake
Published: 2017/02/07
Channel: Paul Ragsdale
Kaskaskia River July 23 2016
Kaskaskia River July 23 2016
Published: 2016/07/25
Channel: Chris French
Bowfishing For Asian Carp on the Kaskaskia River
Bowfishing For Asian Carp on the Kaskaskia River
Published: 2012/07/28
Channel: Fowled Reality Duck and Goose Hunting
Kaskaskia River Fishing
Kaskaskia River Fishing
Published: 2014/09/14
Channel: William Esmon
New Athens, IL Kaskaskia River Flooding
New Athens, IL Kaskaskia River Flooding
Published: 2015/12/30
Channel: StormChasingVideo
The Kaskaskia River
The Kaskaskia River
Published: 2017/02/18
Channel: J.B.
Kaskaskia River
Kaskaskia River
Published: 2016/06/27
Channel: Brennan Hartin
Kaskaskia River Pilot
Kaskaskia River Pilot
Published: 2009/08/16
Channel: tom nickel
Fishing at the kaskaskia river
Fishing at the kaskaskia river
Published: 2016/06/20
Channel: Avery Thompson
Kaskaskia River
Kaskaskia River
Published: 2014/08/11
Channel: Travis Hughes
Kaskaskia River NW of Sadorus, IL
Kaskaskia River NW of Sadorus, IL
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: K.D. Reifsteck
Kaskaskia River Run 2014
Kaskaskia River Run 2014
Published: 2014/08/26
Channel: deermeat01
Kaskaskia River @ Pittsburg boat ramp
Kaskaskia River @ Pittsburg boat ramp
Published: 2017/08/07
Channel: policewannabe
Labor Day Kaskaskia River Exursion
Labor Day Kaskaskia River Exursion
Published: 2014/09/01
Channel: Lee Lewis
Sufjan Stevens - Kaskaskia River
Sufjan Stevens - Kaskaskia River
Published: 2009/06/23
Channel: Ardkok
Alligator gar to be brought to Kaskaskia River to fight carp
Alligator gar to be brought to Kaskaskia River to fight carp
Published: 2016/07/07
Channel: BNDVideo
Lake Shelbyville IL Dam Tour Overview | Shelbyville Works! | Shelbyville Illinois | Kaskaskia River
Lake Shelbyville IL Dam Tour Overview | Shelbyville Works! | Shelbyville Illinois | Kaskaskia River
Published: 2011/10/05
Channel: shelbyvilleil
kaskaskia river flooded
kaskaskia river flooded
Published: 2011/07/04
Channel: scoped1
Fishing with the kids, Kaskaskia River
Fishing with the kids, Kaskaskia River
Published: 2012/02/14
Channel: jackdonna94
Homemade Boat Float 2009 on Kaskaskia River
Homemade Boat Float 2009 on Kaskaskia River
Published: 2009/11/04
Channel: Anne Moore
Kaskaskia River, New Athens Illinois
Kaskaskia River, New Athens Illinois
Published: 2011/05/21
Channel: ridekawa
First River Run Of 2015
First River Run Of 2015
Published: 2015/03/23
Channel: Chris French
Pelican release on the Kaskaskia River
Pelican release on the Kaskaskia River
Published: 2016/10/28
Channel: Matt Shively
Flying Asian Carp on the Kaskaskia River
Flying Asian Carp on the Kaskaskia River
Published: 2011/08/13
Channel: tom nickel
Nolan drives boat Kaskaskia River
Nolan drives boat Kaskaskia River
Published: 2017/06/18
Channel: Cody Mihlbachler
Fishing at the kaskaskia river
Fishing at the kaskaskia river
Published: 2015/05/16
Channel: Avery Thompson
Boating New Athens to Chester IL 10:26:14
Boating New Athens to Chester IL 10:26:14
Published: 2015/02/19
Channel: Chris French
Jumping - Flying Carp Kaskaskia River
Jumping - Flying Carp Kaskaskia River
Published: 2010/09/07
Channel: DIrOfStlLouis
Kayaking the Upper Kaskaskia
Kayaking the Upper Kaskaskia
Published: 2016/07/08
Channel: Joe Bianchi
Kaskaskia river in the winter.
Kaskaskia river in the winter.
Published: 2014/03/04
Channel: robert courtial
Kaskaskia River Dancers
Kaskaskia River Dancers
Published: 2012/03/23
Channel: Trent Pearcy
4/19/2013 Vandalia, IL Kaskaskia River Flooding
4/19/2013 Vandalia, IL Kaskaskia River Flooding
Published: 2013/07/11
Channel: StormChasingVideo
Kaskaskia "Little Big" Project
Kaskaskia "Little Big" Project
Published: 2013/11/04
Channel: TeamSaintLouis
Kaskaskia River Fall Boat Races 9-13-14 #2
Kaskaskia River Fall Boat Races 9-13-14 #2
Published: 2014/09/19
Channel: cturboaddict
Another Ford Truck in the Kaskaskia River at Baldwin, Illinois. Labor Day 2011.
Another Ford Truck in the Kaskaskia River at Baldwin, Illinois. Labor Day 2011.
Published: 2011/09/07
Channel: sfsbo
kaskaskia river convoy 2010
kaskaskia river convoy 2010
Published: 2010/09/02
Channel: seannarez
EDN VIDEO: Kaskaskia River Flood - Vandalia, IL
EDN VIDEO: Kaskaskia River Flood - Vandalia, IL
Published: 2015/12/29
Channel: Effingham Daily News
Kaskaskia River-Rope Swing
Kaskaskia River-Rope Swing
Published: 2015/10/26
Channel: Matthew Sievers
Kayaking the Kaskaskia River, Illinois
Kayaking the Kaskaskia River, Illinois
Published: 2011/08/25
Channel: Mike Tobin
Sunset at Kaskaskia River mouth
Sunset at Kaskaskia River mouth
Published: 2016/04/14
Channel: marktwained
Man drives Ford truck in Kaskaskia river. Wipers still on!
Man drives Ford truck in Kaskaskia river. Wipers still on!
Published: 2011/06/12
Channel: sfsbo
Jugging on the Kaskaskia for Blues
Jugging on the Kaskaskia for Blues
Published: 2016/06/26
Channel: Gordon Robertson
2016-06-05 Kaskaskia River Trails // high water // YZ250 YZ250F
2016-06-05 Kaskaskia River Trails // high water // YZ250 YZ250F
Published: 2016/07/04
Channel: Matt Ellermets
Pelican
Pelican's on the Kaskaskia river Red Bud, IL
Published: 2014/01/24
Channel: Casey Hughes
Jugging on the Kaskaskia River, IL
Jugging on the Kaskaskia River, IL
Published: 2010/06/21
Channel: Taylor Schaltenbrand
Kneeboarding on the Kaskaskia River
Kneeboarding on the Kaskaskia River
Published: 2008/09/14
Channel: brian76604443
2016-07-04 Independence day mudparade // Kaskaskia River Trails
2016-07-04 Independence day mudparade // Kaskaskia River Trails
Published: 2016/07/06
Channel: Matt Ellermets
kaskaskia river conoeing
kaskaskia river conoeing
Published: 2010/05/13
Channel: jwhiskeys
Morrison Motel, RoadHouse Blues, Kaskaskia River Festival Jam, 5-29-16
Morrison Motel, RoadHouse Blues, Kaskaskia River Festival Jam, 5-29-16
Published: 2016/06/05
Channel: Jim Stoneking
Sunset at the Kaskaskia River
Sunset at the Kaskaskia River
Published: 2016/04/14
Channel: marktwained
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Kaskaskia River
Kaskaskia River Illinois and barges.jpg
A coal loading facility on the Kaskaskia River near New Athens in St. Clair County, Illinois
Kaskaskiarivermap.png
Country United States
Basin features
Main source Interstate 74 in Champaign County, Illinois west of Champaign, Illinois
~840 ft (260 m), (Yankee Ridge)
39°59′30″N 88°21′22″W / 39.991698°N 88.3561656°W / 39.991698; -88.3561656 (Kaskaskia River origin)
River mouth Mississippi River 10 mi (16 km) northwest of Chester
~350 ft (110 m)
37°58′30″N 89°56′15″W / 37.974942°N 89.937372°W / 37.974942; -89.937372 (Kaskaskia River mouth)Coordinates: 37°58′30″N 89°56′15″W / 37.974942°N 89.937372°W / 37.974942; -89.937372 (Kaskaskia River mouth)
Basin size approximately 5,746 sq mi (14,880 km2)
Physical characteristics
Length approximately 325 miles (523 km)
Discharge
  • Average rate:
    14,832 cu ft/s (420.0 m3/s)[1]
GNIS ID 426395
Shelbyville Lake and Dam on the Kaskaskia River at Shelbyville, Illinois

The Kaskaskia River is a tributary of the Mississippi River, approximately 325 miles (523 km) long,[2] in central and southern Illinois in the United States.[3] The second largest river system within Illinois, it drains a rural area of farms, as well as rolling hills along river bottoms of hardwood forests in its lower reaches. The lower reaches of the river have been canalized to allow barge traffic.

"Cascasquia" is an alternative, supposedly more French, spelling of "Kaskaskia" that is sometimes encountered.[citation needed] It was named after a clan of the Illiniwek encountered by the early French Jesuits and other settlers. "Okaw River" was an alternative name for the Kaskaskia that persists in place names along the river, including Okawville, and in a major tributary, the West Okaw River.

Hydrography[edit]

The Kaskaskia rises in east central Illinois in several farm ditches along the west side of Champaign. The headwaters of the river is just north of Interstate 74, where it is marked with a sign. The river flows south across rural Champaign and Douglas counties, then southwest across southern Illinois, past Vandalia. It joins the Mississippi from the north approximately 10 miles (16 km) northwest of Chester and 40 miles (64 km) south-southeast of St. Louis, Missouri. The watershed of the river encompasses approximately 5,746 square miles (14,880 km2), approximately 10.2% of the state of Illinois.

The Kaskaskia is impounded in Shelby County to form Lake Shelbyville. It is also impounded in Clinton County southwest of Vandalia to form Carlyle Lake.

For most of the 19th century, the river joined the Mississippi at Chester. Deforestation of river banks of the Mississippi and tributaries to fuel the hundreds of steamboats that plied the river had several significant environmental effects: destabilizing the banks, causing the Mississippi to become wider and more shallow, causing more severe flooding and leading to lateral channel changes in the American Bottoms area.[4] In the aftermath of a major 1881 flood, the Mississippi changed its channel and moved east to flow along the lower 10 miles (16 km) of the channel of the Kaskaskia, shifting the confluence 10 miles north. As a result, a small portion of Illinois, including the former capital, Kaskaskia, was cut off from Illinois when the river moved to its east side. It is now located on the west side of the Mississippi. The community of Kaskaskia can now only be reached from the Missouri shore. The Kaskaskia River State Fish & Wildlife Area is located along the lower river in southern Illinois.

Fort Kaskaskia was located near the mouth of the river in Randolph County.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 32&filenum= 1081 River Discharge Database
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map Archived 2012-04-05 at WebCite, accessed May 13, 2011
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Kaskaskia River
  4. ^ F. Terry Norris, "Where Did the Villages Go? Steamboats, Deforestation, and Archaeological Loss in the Mississippi Valley", in Common Fields: an environmental history of St. Louis, Andrew Hurley, ed., St. Louis, MO: Missouri Historical Society Press, 1997, pp. 73-89

External links[edit]

Media related to Kaskaskia River at Wikimedia Commons

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