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RBG-Why We Wear Our Hair Like This 1968,  Kathleen Cleaver of the BPP Breaks It Down
RBG-Why We Wear Our Hair Like This 1968, Kathleen Cleaver of the BPP Breaks It Down
Published: 2012/10/01
Channel: New Afrikan Independence Movement
Kathleen Cleaver Interview | American Black Journal
Kathleen Cleaver Interview | American Black Journal
Published: 2016/02/15
Channel: Detroit Public TV
Kathleen Cleaver: Why The Black Panthers Wore Natural Hair
Kathleen Cleaver: Why The Black Panthers Wore Natural Hair
Published: 2015/11/23
Channel: All Black Media
Kathleen Cleaver speaking at UCLA 10/22/1971
Kathleen Cleaver speaking at UCLA 10/22/1971
Published: 2014/04/15
Channel: UCLACommStudies
Evolution of A Black Panther (1/2)
Evolution of A Black Panther (1/2)
Published: 2015/10/02
Channel: TheRealNews
Kathleen Cleaver: "There needs to be another generation of Black Panthers."
Kathleen Cleaver: "There needs to be another generation of Black Panthers."
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: TheRealNews
Bobby Seale and Kathleen Cleaver Press Conference on Murder of Bobby Hutton (1968)
Bobby Seale and Kathleen Cleaver Press Conference on Murder of Bobby Hutton (1968)
Published: 2013/04/01
Channel: BlackPanthersForever
Civil Rights History Project: Kathleen Cleaver
Civil Rights History Project: Kathleen Cleaver
Published: 2014/06/24
Channel: LibraryOfCongress
Noam Chomsky on Race, Gender and Class with Kathleen Cleaver (1997)
Noam Chomsky on Race, Gender and Class with Kathleen Cleaver (1997)
Published: 2017/09/04
Channel: Manufacturing Intellect
Eldridge Cleaver, Black Panther (1970 Documentary)
Eldridge Cleaver, Black Panther (1970 Documentary)
Published: 2016/07/13
Channel: TheBlackestPanther
Interview Kathleen Cleaver (Black Panther) sur Dreamandco
Interview Kathleen Cleaver (Black Panther) sur Dreamandco
Published: 2013/01/30
Channel: MrSebos
Noam Chomsky & Kathleen Cleaver on Race, Gender and Class Issues - Black Panthers (1997)
Noam Chomsky & Kathleen Cleaver on Race, Gender and Class Issues - Black Panthers (1997)
Published: 2013/10/02
Channel: The Film Archives
Kathleen Cleaver talks briefly of bombing
Kathleen Cleaver talks briefly of bombing's against The Black Panther Party
Published: 2016/09/28
Channel: Rebaekuh Chamburs
Kathleen Cleaver, former Black Panther - The Fifth Estate
Kathleen Cleaver, former Black Panther - The Fifth Estate
Published: 2017/03/15
Channel: the fifth estate
Former Black Panther Party Member Kathleen Cleaver [10/24/16] Speaks at Merritt College
Former Black Panther Party Member Kathleen Cleaver [10/24/16] Speaks at Merritt College
Published: 2016/10/24
Channel: MoorInfo
Kathleen Cleaver: The Black Panther Extraordinaire
Kathleen Cleaver: The Black Panther Extraordinaire
Published: 2016/02/13
Channel: BlakeBarbieDoll
Kathleen Cleaver dos Panteras Negras e a importância de valorizar a beleza negra
Kathleen Cleaver dos Panteras Negras e a importância de valorizar a beleza negra
Published: 2016/01/27
Channel: GUERRILHAVIDEOS
These Women Were the Unsung Heroes of the Black Panther Party
These Women Were the Unsung Heroes of the Black Panther Party
Published: 2016/03/02
Channel: POPSUGAR Entertainment
Black Panther Woman Speak on Feminism
Black Panther Woman Speak on Feminism
Published: 2016/06/16
Channel: SYKOPATHeist
Black History: Black Panther Member Kathleen Cleaver On Natural Hair
Black History: Black Panther Member Kathleen Cleaver On Natural Hair
Published: 2013/02/14
Channel: soulfulbeauty101
BLACK PANTHERS #talkingwith Kathleen Cleaver
BLACK PANTHERS #talkingwith Kathleen Cleaver
Published: 2017/03/08
Channel: newsPeeks
All Power to the People - Justice for Trayvon -Kathleen Cleaver
All Power to the People - Justice for Trayvon -Kathleen Cleaver
Published: 2012/04/01
Channel: strugglevideomedia
A Conversation with Kathleen Cleaver | American Black Journal Full Episode
A Conversation with Kathleen Cleaver | American Black Journal Full Episode
Published: 2016/02/21
Channel: Detroit Public TV
Bobby Seale and Kathleen Cleaver Press Conference on Murder of Bobby Hutton 1968
Bobby Seale and Kathleen Cleaver Press Conference on Murder of Bobby Hutton 1968
Published: 2014/02/05
Channel: Occupy Wall Street
Kathleen Cleaver
Kathleen Cleaver
Published: 2015/03/09
Channel: On the Shoulders of Giants
Evolution of A Black Panther Part 2
Evolution of A Black Panther Part 2
Published: 2015/10/04
Channel: TheRealNews
Liberation Film Series - Kathleen Cleaver, Esq. - Report from the Black Liberation Struggle
Liberation Film Series - Kathleen Cleaver, Esq. - Report from the Black Liberation Struggle
Published: 2016/03/29
Channel: Prema Q
Philou Louzolo - Woman 2 Woman (Tribute To Kathleen Cleaver)
Philou Louzolo - Woman 2 Woman (Tribute To Kathleen Cleaver)
Published: 2014/10/23
Channel: skambajs
Kathleen Neal Cleaver
Kathleen Neal Cleaver
Published: 2016/04/29
Channel: CAN TV
Natural hair is beautiful (Kathleen cleaver)
Natural hair is beautiful (Kathleen cleaver)
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: Zoe Vibez
Kathleen Cleaver - Les cheveux à la naturel. [ Black Panther Party ]
Kathleen Cleaver - Les cheveux à la naturel. [ Black Panther Party ]
Published: 2016/11/29
Channel: 0786386791
Black is Beautiful ~ Kathleen Cleaver
Black is Beautiful ~ Kathleen Cleaver
Published: 2014/05/16
Channel: Strictly 4my Negus
Danny Glover & Kathleen Cleaver on "Black Power Mixtape," Rare Footage Capturing Movement
Danny Glover & Kathleen Cleaver on "Black Power Mixtape," Rare Footage Capturing Movement's Rise
Published: 2014/05/06
Channel: Democracy Now!
Black Panthers GPB Screening: Cleaver On Black Lives Matter, New Panthers
Black Panthers GPB Screening: Cleaver On Black Lives Matter, New Panthers
Published: 2016/02/15
Channel: GPB
Noam Chomsky & Kathleen Cleaver on Race, Gender and Class Issues   Black Panthers 1997 2 clip10
Noam Chomsky & Kathleen Cleaver on Race, Gender and Class Issues Black Panthers 1997 2 clip10
Published: 2014/11/21
Channel: Donate UK-8
The Black Power Movement; March 31, 2006
The Black Power Movement; March 31, 2006
Published: 2013/11/12
Channel: Center for Advanced Study, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Kathleen Cleaver, Female Leader of Black Panther Party on Beyonce
Kathleen Cleaver, Female Leader of Black Panther Party on Beyonce's SuperBowl Show
Published: 2016/02/17
Channel: tanya stephens
Kathleen Cleaver interview
Kathleen Cleaver interview
Published: 2011/08/28
Channel: MixedNationEnt
Kathleen Cleaver on Richard Aoki and the formation of the Black Panther Party
Kathleen Cleaver on Richard Aoki and the formation of the Black Panther Party
Published: 2009/10/27
Channel: AokiFilm
Kathleen Cleaver | Speedpaint | Switched
Kathleen Cleaver | Speedpaint | Switched
Published: 2017/09/21
Channel: Switched
Copie de Black History  Black Panther Member Kathleen Cleaver On Natural Hair
Copie de Black History Black Panther Member Kathleen Cleaver On Natural Hair
Published: 2016/02/13
Channel: So Nelia
ipi CONSPIRACY CAPERS, Chicago 8. Kathleen Cleaver, Susan Sontag, Skip Williamson, 1969.
ipi CONSPIRACY CAPERS, Chicago 8. Kathleen Cleaver, Susan Sontag, Skip Williamson, 1969.
Published: 2017/01/15
Channel: Richard Suertudo
How Kathleen Cleaver Impacted the way Society Felt about Af
How Kathleen Cleaver Impacted the way Society Felt about Af
Published: 2015/03/07
Channel: Kennedi Tyler
Noam Chomsky & Kathleen Cleaver on Race, Gender and Class Issues   Black Panthers 1997 2 clip5
Noam Chomsky & Kathleen Cleaver on Race, Gender and Class Issues Black Panthers 1997 2 clip5
Published: 2014/11/21
Channel: Donate UK-8
Kathleen Cleaver "Hair"
Kathleen Cleaver "Hair"
Published: 2016/03/04
Channel: Same Passage
Noam Chomsky & Kathleen Cleaver on Race, Gender and Class Issues Black Panthers (1997) - The Best D
Noam Chomsky & Kathleen Cleaver on Race, Gender and Class Issues Black Panthers (1997) - The Best D
Published: 2017/02/16
Channel: Nathan Nunnally
Black Panthers GPB Screening: Stanley Nelson And Kathleen Cleaver
Black Panthers GPB Screening: Stanley Nelson And Kathleen Cleaver
Published: 2016/02/15
Channel: GPB
Noam Chomsky & Kathleen Cleaver on Race, Gender and Class Issues   Black Panthers 1997 2 clip9
Noam Chomsky & Kathleen Cleaver on Race, Gender and Class Issues Black Panthers 1997 2 clip9
Published: 2014/11/21
Channel: Donate UK-8
Kathleen Cleaver on Geronimo Ji Jaga.mp4
Kathleen Cleaver on Geronimo Ji Jaga.mp4
Published: 2011/08/27
Channel: Kali Akuno
Danny Glover & Kathleen Cleaver on "Black Power Mixtape"
Danny Glover & Kathleen Cleaver on "Black Power Mixtape"
Published: 2014/05/06
Channel: freespeechtv
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Kathleen Neal Cleaver)
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Kathleen Cleaver
01.JerichoRally.LafayettePark.WDC.27March1998.jpg
Cleaver speaking at Free U.S. Political Prisoners Spring Break Jericho March Rally on 27 March 1998
Born Kathleen Neal
(1945-05-13) May 13, 1945 (age 72)
Memphis, Texas

Kathleen Neal Cleaver (born May 13, 1945) is an American professor of law, known for her involvement with the Black Panther Party.

Early life[edit]

Kathleen Cleaver, née Kathleen Neal was born in Dallas, Texas on May 13, 1945. Her parents were both activists and college graduates of the University of Michigan. Her father was a sociology professor at Wiley College in Marshall, Texas, and her mother earned a master's degree in mathematics. Three years after Cleaver was born, her father, Ernest Neal, accepted a job as the director of the Rural Life Council of Tuskegee Institute in Alabama, and they moved to a predominately black community beside the campus. Six years later, Ernest joined the Foreign Service. The family moved abroad and lived in such countries as India, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and the Philippines. Spending time in India exposed Kathleen to different beliefs, including socialism, communism, and nationalism. The family returned to the United States after her brother died from leukemia and the family broke apart. Cleaver attended a Quaker boarding school near Philadelphia, George School, which had just been desegregated. She graduated with honors in 1963. She continued her education at Oberlin College, and later transferred to Barnard College. In 1966, she left college for a secretarial job with the New York office of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) after her friend from childhood, Sammy Younge, had been murdered by white supremacists. The shift of the movement was characterized by the change from "Freedom Now" to "Black Power." Cleaver had been trying to get involved with the movement since she was sixteen. Gloria Richardson, Diane Nash, and Ruby Doris Robinson are among the Civil Rights fighters that inspired her to be involved in change and question the role of gender.

Black Panther Party[edit]

Cleaver was in charge of organizing a student conference at Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee. At the conference, Cleaver met the minister of information for the Black Panther Party, Eldridge Cleaver, who was speaking at the conference. He had just gotten out of jail and published Soul on Ice. She moved to San Francisco in November 1967 to join the Black Panther Party. There she became the Communications Secretary for the party and worked on organizing demonstrations, creating pamphlets, holding press conferences, designing posters, and speaking at rallies and on TV. She created the position herself, motivated by Julian Bond in SNCC. The party was revolutionary in the way that gender was approached; over two thirds of the members were women. Kathleen Neal and Eldridge Cleaver were married on December 26, 1967. Cleaver became the communications secretary and the first female member of the Party’s decision-making body. She also served as the spokesperson and press secretary. Notably, she organized the national campaign to free the Party’s minister of defense, Huey Newton, who was jailed. Kathleen Neal Cleaver was among a small group of women that were prominent in the Black Panther Party, which included Elaine Brown and Ericka Huggins.[1]

In 1968 (the same year her husband ran for president on the Peace and Freedom ticket) she ran for California's 18th state assembly district, also as a candidate of the Peace and Freedom party. Cleaver received 2,778 votes[2] for 4.7% of the total vote, finishing third in a four-candidate race.[3]

As a result of their involvement with the Black Panther Party, the Cleavers were often the target of police investigations. The Cleavers’ apartment was raided in 1968 before a Panther rally by the San Francisco Tactical Squad on the suspicion of hiding guns and ammunition. Later that year, Eldridge Cleaver staged a deliberate[dubious ] ambush of Oakland police officers during which two police officers were injured. Cleaver was wounded and fellow Black Panther member Bobby Hutton was killed in a shootout following the initial exchange of gunfire.[4] Charged with attempted murder, he jumped bail to flee to Cuba and later went to Algeria.

When Cleaver returned to the United States, he stated the shootout was a deliberate ambush against police. The same author who broke the news of this claim doubted its veracity, because it was in the context of an uncharacteristic speech in which Cleaver stated "we need police as heroes," and said that he denounced civilian review boards of police shootings for the reason that "it is a rubber stamp for murder." The author speculates that it could have been a pay off to the Alameda County justice system, whose judge had only just days earlier gave Eldridge Cleaver probation instead of prison time; Cleaver was sentenced to community service after getting charged with three counts of assault against three Oakland cops.[4] The PBS documentary A Huey Newton Story finds that “Bobby Hutton was shot more than twelve times after he had already surrendered and stripped down to his underwear to prove he was not armed.”[5]

Living in exile[edit]

Kathleen reunited with Eldridge in Algeria in 1969, which was a police state at the time, after seven months of Eldridge's exile in Cuba. Cleaver gave birth to their first son, Maceo, soon after arriving in Algeria. A year later in 1970 she gave birth to their daughter Joju Younghi Cleaver, while the family was in North Korea. In 1971, Huey Newton, a fellow party member, and Eldridge had a disagreement; this led to the expulsion of the International Branch of the Black Panther Party. The Cleavers formed a new organization called the Revolutionary People’s Communication Network. Cleaver returned to promoting and speaking about the new organization. To accomplish this, she and the children moved back to New York. The Algerian government became disgruntled with Eldridge and the new organization. Eldridge was forced to leave the country secretly and meet up with Kathleen in Paris in 1973. Cleaver left for the United States later that year to arrange Eldridge’s return and raise a defense fund. In 1974, the French government granted legal residency to the Cleavers, and the family was finally reunited. After only a year, the Cleavers moved back to the United States, and Eldridge was sent to jail. He was tried for the shoot-out in 1968 and was found guilty of assault. He was sentenced to five years' probation and 2,000 hours of community service. Cleaver went to work on the Eldridge Cleaver Defense Fund and he was freed on bail in 1976. Eldridge’s legal situation was not finally resolved until 1980. Throughout this time, Eldridge shifted his political views to the far right.

Later life[edit]

After leaving Eldridge, Kathleen Cleaver went back to school in 1981, receiving a full scholarship from Yale University. She graduated in 1984, Phi Beta Kappa and summa cum laude with a Bachelor of Arts degree in history. In 1987, she divorced Eldridge Cleaver. She then continued her education by getting her law degree from Yale Law School in 1989. After graduating, she worked for the law firm of Cravath, Swaine & Moore, and followed this with numerous jobs including: law clerk in the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit in Philadelphia under Judge A. Higginbotham, the faculty of Emory University in Atlanta, visiting faculty member at the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law in New York City, the Graduate School of Yale University and Sarah Lawrence College.

In 2005, Cleaver was selected an inaugural Fletcher Foundation Fellow. She then worked as a Senior Research Associate at the Yale Law School, and a Senior Lecturer in the African American Studies department at Yale University. She is currently serving as senior lecturer at Emory University School of Law.[6] In addition to her career, she works on numerous campaigns, including freedom for death-row inmate Mumia Abu-Jamal and habeas corpus for Geronimo Pratt. Cleaver has also worked for many years on and published her book Memories of Love and War. She and other former members of the Black Panther Party continue to meet and discuss issues and heal from the movement.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Clark Hine, Darlene; Thompson, Kathleen (1998). A Shining Thread of Hope (first ed.). New York, NY: Broadway Books. p. 298. ISBN 0-7679-0110-X. 
  2. ^ "Kathleen N. Cleaver". JoinCalifornia. 1945-05-13. Retrieved 2010-08-27. 
  3. ^ "11-07-1968 Election". JoinCalifornia. 1968-11-07. Retrieved 2010-08-27. 
  4. ^ a b Kate Coleman, "Souled Out: Eldridge Cleaver Admits He Ambushed Those Cops", New West, May 19, 1980.
  5. ^ https://www.pbs.org/hueypnewton/people/people_hutton.html
  6. ^ "Faculty profiles: Kathleen N. Cleaver, Senior Lecturer in Law", Emory Law.

External links[edit]

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