|• MP||Sunil Mondal|
|• MLA||Rabindra Nath Chatterjee|
|• Total||8.53 km2 (3.29 sq mi)|
|Elevation||21 m (69 ft)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||91 3453|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Bardhaman Purba|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Katwa|
The town's earliest known name was Indranee Pargana. The name was later changed to Kantak Nagari ("the city of thorns") and it became the fort area of Murshid Kuli Khan, the Nawab of Bengal (reign 1717–1727). Katwa was invaded by the Bargis (break-away Maratha groups) several times.
The house of the maternal uncle of Jagannath and Madhav (two disciples of Chaitanya; Jagai and Madhai, as they are popularly called) is reputed to be here.
Katwa is located at Ajay River and the Bhagirathi River and so bounded by water to the east, west and north. It is at the eastern end of the district and is 150 km from Kolkata and 56 km from Barddhaman.. It has an average elevation of 21 m (69 ft). It is situated between the
The weather and climate of the region are similar to the rest of Gangetic West Bengal, with three main seasons (summer, rainy, and winter) and two more barely discernible seasons, autumn and spring.
Katwa's economy has grown significantly in recent years. The traditional backbone of the economy was agriculture but the town has since developed into a major trading hub with booming retail and service sectors. Katwa is also a transit point for agricultural products grown in nearby villages.A Numismatist as well as a student Mr.Arnab patra said that from many years sankhari patti, kharer bazaar,and kachari road zone are famous for jewelry makers and jewelry business.
Every day hundreds of people from surrounding villages visit Katwa mainly for the medical services available in Katwa. The late Dr. Sanat Kumar Konar, Late Dr. S. K. Roy, the late Dr. Basanta Kumar Bandhopadhay and the late Dr. Nandagopal Chattopadhaya were pioneers for professional medical services in the town.
A mental hospital is situated at Khajurdihi founded by Dr. Harmon Sinha. Khajurdihi is a village situated approximately 3 km from Katwa.
The town has mobile and broadband internet facilities. The Bengal government recently started a mega power project at Katwa. Many investments are being planned for this soon-to-be industrial hub.
Katwa railway station is a railway junction on Broad Gauge 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) railway line from Calcutta to Malda Town. broad gauge railway line and to Burdwan junction on Howrah-Asansol broad gauge railway line. The Katwa-Burdwan narrow gauge railway line is being converted to broad gauge under project Unigauge. The 26 km Burdwan-Balgona section has been converted to broad gauge in 2013 and EMU train started on the section in February 2014. Conversion of the remaining 26 km Balgona-Katwa section to broad gauge started in 2015.
The track from Katwa to Ahmedpur was closed in 2013 for conversion to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) wide broad gauge but the conversion work has not been completed.
NTPC (National Thermal Power Corporation) is developing Katwa Super Thermal Plant of 1320MW capacity.
As of 2001[update] India census, Katwa had a population of 71,573, 51% male and 49% female. The average literacy rate is 74%, higher than the national average: male literacy is 78%, and female literacy is 69%. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Durga Puja is widely celebrated here but Katwa is more famous for its traditional Kartik Puja, also known as Kartik Larahai. On this day the whole town comes alive with pandals in each and every street. Haragouri para, Kharer bazar, Pratibad club, Aoaz club, Janakalyan Club, Jayashri Sangha, Sankhari patti, Samapti club, Young boys club, Desbondhu club, kishalay,Chaulpatti club and Kumor para are especially famous for the celebrations of Kartik Larahai The celebration is not restricted to the townsfolk, and people come in large numbers from neighbouring villages. The atmosphere of the entire city rivals that of a carnival. Some famous Durga Pujas have been performed by families for more than 100 years, such as Ghosh bari at Goal para (Banku Bihari Ghosh), Datta-bari, chattarjee-bari (Ashok catterjee,Amar chattejee,Anjan chatterjee),Mallick-bari and Hari-bari, Barowari Tala,chowdhuri bari(*Sundar gopal Chowdhury & family*) and Muhuri Bari of Katwa. The Khepa Kali Puja is also widely known and attended by people from nearby villages. The Durga puja at Ghosh bari (Banku Bihari Ghosh) is a 110 years old puja in katwa. Now this puja is mainly organised by Chandra Sekhar Ghosh, grandson of Banku Bihari Ghosh.
The traditional way of celebrating Durga Puja can still be seen in Murundi, a small village 16 km from Katwa. This Puja is organized by the Singha (Sinha) family (Mrityunjay Sinha, Bankim Chandra Sinha). One could see the two Durga temples standing side by side at the entrance of the village. The celebration is said to be about 250 years old. The origin of this celebration is said to originate in the mantari of the Burdwan Raja telling the Maharaja of his desire to visit his native palace during the Durga Puja festival. The maharaja refused and Ma Durga subsequently ordered the Maharaja to perform the Puja in his dreams. It has been celebrated in Murundi ever since. Over time this Puja split into two parts; now one can see the present form of it. Katwa Haragouri para(Madhya Palli) organized Durga Puja in 1414 (2007).Katwa kristi Sanstha arrange a drama festival (All Bengal short drama competition) in the month of January since last 5 years. Next year NATYAUTSAVE 2015 will take place on 14 to 18 January.
Kali Puja is celebrated here at katwa with lots of fun and frolic. "Jhupo maa kali", "Khepi maa kali" are the famous ones here at katwa.
Sayambhu Sinha was a leader of the Indian National Congress. Rabindra Nath Chaterjee, the regional head of Indian National Congress and the ex-chairman of Katwa municipality, is regarded as the founder of New Katwa. Dr. Harmohan Singa is a well-known doctor and social worker of the region. He established Anandanikatan, a private hospital for the mentally retarded patients.
Katwa Kashiram Das Institution named after the writer who composed the Mahabharata in Bengali was established in 1857. It has been one of the more prestigious boys' schools in the district. Jagadish Chandra Bose was once a student here. Sudpur High School was established in 1914. Katwa Bharati Bhaban High School is a famous school at katwa. Debashish Mondal, a former student of Katwa Bharati Bhaban, got rank 4th in West Bengal Higher Secondary exam as well as he secured the similar rank in WB joint entrance examination too. In 2014, Sourav Pal, a former student of Katwa Bharati Bhaban, got rank 2nd in West Bengal Higher Secondary exam. There are many other high and higher secondary schools in Katwa. Katwa D.D.C girls' high school is one of the famous school in katwa for girls.St. Joseph English Medium School also situated in Jajigram which is very close to Katwa. In 2014, Aniruddha Sarkar, a former student of Katwa Kashiram Das Institution, got rank 2nd in Secondary (madhyamik) Examination. And Sayanti Khan & Parijat Khatun, Students of Katwa D.O.G girls' High School secured the rank 6 and 7 respectively in Secondary (madhyamik) exammination 2014.
Katwa Mahavidyalaya, Katwa Teachers' Training College and Bengal Institute of Technology (BIT) are some of the colleges that are situated at katwa.