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A Day In The Life of Harvard Kennedy School
A Day In The Life of Harvard Kennedy School
Published: 2013/05/30
Channel: Harvard Kennedy School
What Happens When China Becomes Number One?
What Happens When China Becomes Number One?
Published: 2015/04/09
Channel: John F. Kennedy Jr. Forum
Why HKS? Harvard Kennedy School alumni on what made their HKS experience so meaningful
Why HKS? Harvard Kennedy School alumni on what made their HKS experience so meaningful
Published: 2016/07/21
Channel: Harvard Kennedy School
Harvard Kennedy School Application Deal Breakers
Harvard Kennedy School Application Deal Breakers
Published: 2015/11/18
Channel: The Art of Applying
John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy's legacy at Harvard Kennedy School | The Call to Service
Published: 2017/05/03
Channel: Harvard Kennedy School
USA: BOSTON: JOHN F KENNEDY SCHOOL OF GOVERNMENT
USA: BOSTON: JOHN F KENNEDY SCHOOL OF GOVERNMENT
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Can Leadership Be Taught?
Can Leadership Be Taught?
Published: 2014/07/14
Channel: Harvard Kennedy School
Ask What You Can Do
Ask What You Can Do
Published: 2009/04/13
Channel: Harvard Kennedy School
John F. Kennedy School of Government
John F. Kennedy School of Government
Published: 2016/08/07
Channel: WikiWikiup
Aamir
Aamir's Amazing Guitar Talant in John F Kennedy Uni
Published: 2013/10/17
Channel: prashant
Let the Word Go Forth
Let the Word Go Forth
Published: 2017/03/17
Channel: Harvard Kennedy School
Laila Matar, Master in Public Policy Program
Laila Matar, Master in Public Policy Program
Published: 2013/05/13
Channel: Harvard Kennedy School
2017 Harvard Kennedy School Year in Review
2017 Harvard Kennedy School Year in Review
Published: 2017/05/26
Channel: Harvard Kennedy School
Interview - Itumeleng Tumi Dlamini, Harvard University Kennedy School of Government
Interview - Itumeleng Tumi Dlamini, Harvard University Kennedy School of Government
Published: 2016/05/01
Channel: HBS ABC Conference
David Miliband at Harvard University
David Miliband at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government
Published: 2015/05/28
Channel: Tim Marshall
Studying Public Policy at Harvard: Xevion Baptiste MPP 2016
Studying Public Policy at Harvard: Xevion Baptiste MPP 2016
Published: 2016/04/06
Channel: Harvard Kennedy School
Ban Ki-moon & Chala Alemo (John F Kennedy School of Government)
Ban Ki-moon & Chala Alemo (John F Kennedy School of Government)
Published: 2017/10/07
Channel: Fallon's Daily Toast
Harvard University - Kennedy School of Government
Harvard University - Kennedy School of Government
Published: 2014/10/29
Channel: Sudhakar Raju
Alec Baldwin at Harvard: On sleeping with JFK
Alec Baldwin at Harvard: On sleeping with JFK
Published: 2010/04/29
Channel: Boston Phoenix
Harvard Kennedy School Impact on Public Service Career - Ken Biberaj
Harvard Kennedy School Impact on Public Service Career - Ken Biberaj
Published: 2012/07/18
Channel: Capture Your Flag
Vice President Biden Delivered Remarks on Foreign Policy | Institute of Politics
Vice President Biden Delivered Remarks on Foreign Policy | Institute of Politics
Published: 2014/10/03
Channel: Harvard University
The JFK Jr. Forum at the Harvard Institute of Politics
The JFK Jr. Forum at the Harvard Institute of Politics
Published: 2016/05/02
Channel: Harvard Kennedy School
Full video: Using the Case Method to Teach Public Policy
Full video: Using the Case Method to Teach Public Policy
Published: 2015/12/10
Channel: Harvard Kennedy School
John Kerry Commencement Address at Harvard Kennedy School
John Kerry Commencement Address at Harvard Kennedy School
Published: 2017/05/24
Channel: Harvard Kennedy School
Harvard Kennedy School 2017 Commencement
Harvard Kennedy School 2017 Commencement
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: Harvard Kennedy School
Harvard Kennedy School Campus Transformation 2015-2016
Harvard Kennedy School Campus Transformation 2015-2016
Published: 2016/09/06
Channel: Harvard Kennedy School
API 202: Teaching and Learning at Harvard Kennedy School
API 202: Teaching and Learning at Harvard Kennedy School
Published: 2009/03/16
Channel: Harvard Kennedy School
Juan Eyzaguirre, Master in Public Administration/International Development Program
Juan Eyzaguirre, Master in Public Administration/International Development Program
Published: 2013/07/29
Channel: Harvard Kennedy School
Kevin Rudd with Dr Graham Allison at the Harvard Kennedy School JFK Forum
Kevin Rudd with Dr Graham Allison at the Harvard Kennedy School JFK Forum
Published: 2017/10/06
Channel: Kevin Rudd
Why HKS: Women at Harvard Kennedy School Change the World
Why HKS: Women at Harvard Kennedy School Change the World
Published: 2016/10/06
Channel: Harvard Kennedy School
Harvard Kennedy School Washington D.C. Alumni Council Outreach Movie
Harvard Kennedy School Washington D.C. Alumni Council Outreach Movie
Published: 2017/03/20
Channel: HKS DC Information
Upgrading the JFK Jr. Forum
Upgrading the JFK Jr. Forum
Published: 2013/10/30
Channel: Harvard Kennedy School
Harvard Kennedy School - Happy
Harvard Kennedy School - Happy
Published: 2014/03/29
Channel: HKS Happy
Harvard Kennedy School Application Essay Advice
Harvard Kennedy School Application Essay Advice
Published: 2015/11/05
Channel: The Art of Applying
2016 Harvard Kennedy School Student Government Address Pitichoke Chulapamornsri
2016 Harvard Kennedy School Student Government Address Pitichoke Chulapamornsri
Published: 2016/06/17
Channel: Harvard Kennedy School
Day 1 Bird
Day 1 Bird's-eye view | JFK Forum | Harvard Kennedy School
Published: 2013/03/10
Channel: India Conference
On my way to Harvard Kennedy School
On my way to Harvard Kennedy School
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: Kittymhlw
JFK50: Members of the Military at HKS Reflect on JFK Legacy
JFK50: Members of the Military at HKS Reflect on JFK Legacy
Published: 2011/01/18
Channel: Harvard Kennedy School
President Kagame speaks at Harvard Kennedy School Center for International Development Part 1/2
President Kagame speaks at Harvard Kennedy School Center for International Development Part 1/2
Published: 2017/03/11
Channel: Paul Kagame
Harvard Kennedy School-Mohammad Al Safadi
Harvard Kennedy School-Mohammad Al Safadi
Published: 2016/10/15
Channel: Mohammad Al Safadi MD, MPH, MBA
Pawan Kalyan speech at Harvard Kennedy School
Pawan Kalyan speech at Harvard Kennedy School
Published: 2017/02/12
Channel: Creative World
Harvard Kennedy School Talent Show 2014: Brown Sugar
Harvard Kennedy School Talent Show 2014: Brown Sugar
Published: 2014/04/04
Channel: Allister Chang
Lessons from the Kennedy School at Harvard University
Lessons from the Kennedy School at Harvard University
Published: 2008/04/28
Channel: EyeOnHarvard
EVENT: Congo
EVENT: Congo's Democracy in Crisis, Harvard Kennedy School of Government
Published: 2016/12/04
Channel: Tom O'Bryan
Harvard Kennedy School - Rosabelli Coelho
Harvard Kennedy School - Rosabelli Coelho
Published: 2008/10/27
Channel: BrazilProgram
The New Frontier Awards
The New Frontier Awards
Published: 2016/09/22
Channel: Harvard Kennedy School's Institute of Politics
Marshal Ganz, Senior Lecturer Public Policy, Harvard University Kennedy School of Government
Marshal Ganz, Senior Lecturer Public Policy, Harvard University Kennedy School of Government
Published: 2012/10/17
Channel: Maxwell School of Syracuse University
About the Graduate Institute/Harvard Kennedy School dual master
About the Graduate Institute/Harvard Kennedy School dual master
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: The Graduate Institute Geneva
Fitness - Presidential Fitness Program - JFK Launches Physical Fitness in School 1960s
Fitness - Presidential Fitness Program - JFK Launches Physical Fitness in School 1960s
Published: 2014/04/22
Channel: Historia - Bel99TV
Leaders on Leadership
Leaders on Leadership
Published: 2014/07/11
Channel: John F. Kennedy Jr. Forum
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Harvard Kennedy School
Harvard shield-Government.png
Motto Ask what you can do
Type Private
Established 1936
Endowment $1.2 billion (June 2015)
Dean Douglas Elmendorf
Academic staff
193
Administrative staff
490
Students 1,213
Location Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
Campus Urban
Website hks.harvard.edu

The John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University (also known as Harvard Kennedy School and HKS)[1] is a public policy and public administration school, of Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States. The school offers master's degrees in public policy, public administration, and international development, grants several doctoral degrees, and many executive education programs. It conducts research in subjects relating to politics, government, international affairs, and economics. It has close ties to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).[2]

The School's primary campus is located on John F. Kennedy Street in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States. The main buildings overlook the Charles River, southwest of Harvard Yard and Harvard Square, on the site of a former MBTA Red Line trainyard. The School is adjacent to the public riverfront John F. Kennedy Memorial Park.

In 2015, Douglas Elmendorf, the former director of the U.S. Congressional Budget Office who had previously served as a Harvard faculty member, was named Dean of the Harvard Kennedy School and Don K. Price Professor of Public Policy.[3] From 2004 to 2015, the School's Dean was David Ellwood, who was also the Scott M. Black Professor of Political Economy at HKS. Previously, Ellwood was an assistant secretary in the Department of Health and Human Services in the Clinton Administration.[4]

A major $120m expansion and renovation of the campus began in 2015. The project is expected to be completed in late 2017 with an official opening expected in early 2018.[5][6]

History[edit]

Littauer Building

Graduate School of Public Administration[edit]

Harvard Kennedy School was originally the Harvard Graduate School of Public Administration (GSPA), and was founded in 1936 with a $2 million gift (equivalent to ~$30 million in 2010) from Lucius N. Littauer, a graduate of Harvard College.[7] Its shield was designed to express the national purpose of the school and was modeled after the U.S. shield.[8] The School drew its initial faculty from Harvard's existing government and economics departments, and welcomed its first students in 1937.

The School's original home was in the Littauer Center north of Harvard Yard, now the home of the Harvard Faculty of Arts and Sciences (FAS) Economics Department. The first students at the Graduate School were so-called "Littauer Fellows", participating in a one-year course listing which later developed into the school's mid-career Master in Public Administration program. In the 1960s, the School began to develop today's public policy degree and course curriculum in the Master in Public Policy program.

Renaming and move[edit]

In 1966, the School was renamed for President John F. Kennedy. By 1978, the faculty—notably presidential scholar and adviser Richard Neustadt, foreign policy scholar and later dean of the School Graham Allison, Richard Zeckhauser, and Edith Stokey—had orchestrated the consolidation of the School's programs and research centers in the present campus. Under the terms of Littauer's original grant, the current HKS campus also features a building called Littauer.

In addition to playing a critical role in the development of the School's modern era, Neustadt, who at the time served as the Assistant Dean, was also the founding Director of the Harvard Institute of Politics (IOP), created in 1966 in honor of President Kennedy.[9] The IOP has been housed on the Kennedy School campus since 1978, and today the Institute puts on a series of programs, speeches and study groups for Harvard undergraduates and graduate students. The John F. Kennedy, Jr. Forum in the new Littauer building is both the site of IOP forum events as well as a major social gathering place between HKS courses.

Campus Expansion[edit]

In 2012 the school announced a $500m fundraising campaign of which over $120m was to be used to significantly expand the campus adding 91,000 square feet of space that will include six new classrooms, a new kitchen, and dining facility, offices and meeting spaces, a new student lounge and study space, more collaboration and active learning spaces as well as a redesigned central courtyard. Groundbreaking commenced on May 7, 2015 and is expected to be complete in late 2017 and open officially in 2018 [10]. The school has stated that the new space will be used exclusively to cater to the needs of the existing class sizes and that there will not be a major expansion in the size of the student body. A new canteen, locker rooms, and study spaces have already been opened but major thoroughfares, the courtyard, and walkway along Eliot St. remain under construction.

The courtyard between the main Kennedy School buildings is a key attraction for students, who gather there to work on their assignments, have lunch, or relax. During the warmer months, the School frequently sponsors beer and barbecue events which give students the opportunity to socialize. During the colder months, "Quorum Calls" are held in one of the indoor atriums, to celebrate the end of each week of HKS courses with friends.

Academics[edit]

Degrees[edit]

Currently, Harvard Kennedy School offers four master's degree programs.[11] The two-year Master of Public Policy (MPP) program focuses on policy analysis, economics, management, ethics, statistics and negotiations in the public sector.[12]

There are also three separate Master in Public Administration (MPA) programs: a one-year Mid-Career Program (MC/MPA), intended for professionals more than seven years after college graduation; a two-year MPA program intended for professionals who have an additional graduate degree and are more recently out of school; and a two-year International Development track (MPA/ID) focused on development studies with a strong emphasis on economics and quantitative analysis.

Among the members of the Mid-Career MPA class are the Mason Fellows, who are public and private executives from developing countries. Mason Fellows typically constitute about 50% of the incoming class of Mid Career MPA candidates. The Mason cohort is the most diverse at Harvard in terms of nationalities and ethnicities represented, and it is named after late Harvard Professor and Dean of the Graduate School of Public Administration, now known as the John F. Kennedy School of Government, from 1947 to 1958 Edward Sagendorph Mason who thought of bringing the developing world leaders to Harvard to stand on the cutting edge of development knowledge ultimately aiming for a better world.

In addition to the master's programs, HKS also administers four doctoral programs. PhD degrees are awarded in Political Economy and Government, Public Policy, and Social Policy, in conjunction with the Departments of Government and Sociology in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, as well as in Health Policy, in conjunction with FAS and the Harvard School of Public Health.

Joint and concurrent degrees[edit]

The Harvard Kennedy School has a number of joint and concurrent degree programs, within Harvard and with other leading universities, which allow students to receive multiple degrees in a reduced period of time. Joint and current students spend at least one year in residence in Cambridge taking HKS courses. At Harvard, HKS joint degree programs are run with Harvard Business School, Harvard Law School and Harvard Graduate School of Design, and concurrent programs are offered with Harvard Divinity School and Harvard Medical School.

Beyond Harvard, HKS has concurrent degree arrangements with other law, business, and medical schools. These include: MIT Sloan School of Management; Stanford Business School; Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth College; The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania; Columbia Law School; Duke University School of Law; Georgetown University Law Center; New York University School of Law; Northwestern University School of Law; Stanford Law School; University of California, Berkeley School of Law; University of Michigan Law School; University of Pennsylvania Law School; Yale Law School; and UCSF Medical Center.[13]

Abroad, HKS offers a dual degree with the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva.

HKS courses[edit]

HKS courses[14] are organized across six areas, called a Policy Area of Concentration, on which they focus their coursework, take a year-long research seminar in their second year, and prepare a master's thesis, called a Policy Analysis Exercise. The school divides the school and HKS course listing[14] into six areas, each headed by a faculty "area chair." In addition to offerings in the HKS course listing, students are eligible to cross-register for many courses at the other graduate and professional schools at Harvard. Students are also able to sample beyond the Harvard and HKS course listing at the MIT Sloan School of Management, at The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University, and at the MIT School of Architecture and Planning.

Taubman Building
Belfer Building

Rankings[edit]

Harvard Kennedy School receives high rankings in the U.S. News & World Report listing of top graduate schools of public affairs. In the 2015 rankings,[15] HKS is ranked third overall, and is ranked first in the subcategory of health policy, second in public policy analysis and social policy.[16] Kennedy's foreign affairs offerings are also ranked at or near the top of Foreign Policy magazine's Inside the Ivory Tower survey, which lists the world's top twenty international relations programs at the undergraduate, Master's and Ph.D. levels.[17] In 2012, for example, the survey ranked HKS first overall for doctoral and undergraduate programs and third overall in the Master's category.[18]

Student government and organizations[edit]

Kennedy School women's team outside the Weld Boathouse preparing to row the Head of the Charles
The Harvard Graduate Council (HGC) is the university-wide representative student government for the twelve graduate and professional schools of Harvard University.

There is an active student life at HKS. Most of the activities are centered on interest-driven student 'caucuses,' the student government (Kennedy School Student Government, known as KSSG), student-edited policy journals, such as the Kennedy School Review[19] and the Journal of Middle Eastern Politics and Policy,[20] a student newspaper (The Citizen), and a number of athletic groups.

Representation to the Harvard Graduate Council[edit]

Students can join the Harvard Graduate Council which is the university-wide representative student government for the twelve graduate and professional schools of Harvard University. The HGC is responsible for advocating student concerns to central administrators – including the President of Harvard University, Provost, Deans of Students, and Deans for the nearly 15,000 graduate and professional students across the twelve schools, organizing large university-wide initiatives and events, administering and providing funding for university-wide student groups (USGs),[21][22] and representing the Harvard graduate student population to other universities and external organizations.[23] The HGSG has become well known for creating and executing on advocacy initiatives and events focused on the "One Harvard" movement.[24][25]

Kennedy School Student Government representatives to HGC (2017-18)[26]

  • Voting representatitve: Mariano Machado
  • Secondary voting rep: Jennie Williamson
  • Representative: Robert Hanes
  • Representative: David Walfish

Centers[edit]

Harvard Kennedy School is home to 14 centers, several of which are located at HKS but University-wide.[27]

The majority of centers offer research and academic fellowships through which fellows can engage in research projects, lead study groups into specific topics and share their experiences with industry and government with the student body. Under Dean Elmendorf, the school has tried to focus its engagement across the political spectrum. This has not been without controversy. Recently, the school came under criticism for offering a fellowship to Chelsea Manning on September 13, 2017. It then publicly rescinded the offer on September 15, 2017 after CIA Director Mike Pompeo, canceled his speaking appointment and sent a letter condemning Harvard for awarding the fellowship.

Notable faculty[edit]

Notable alumni[edit]

Government and politics[edit]

Heads of Government and State
Others

Non-profit[edit]

Military[edit]

Academia[edit]

Journalism[edit]

Business[edit]

Arts[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kennedy School Web site asks what you can do — The Harvard University Gazette Archived December 17, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Bartlett, Tom (September 21, 2017). "Taking Stock of the Ties That Bind Harvard's Kennedy School and the CIA". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved September 28, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Harvard Gazette – Elmendorf to lead Kennedy School". news.harvard.edu. June 11, 2015. Retrieved November 4, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Harvard Kennedy School – David Ellwood". Hks.harvard.edu. July 1, 2004. Retrieved November 4, 2015. 
  5. ^ "With Crane Raised, Kennedy School Begins Construction - News - The Harvard Crimson". www.thecrimson.com. 
  6. ^ [1][dead link]
  7. ^ "Harvard Kennedy School – History". Hks.harvard.edu. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Sequence 14248 (Page 283): Harvard University. Harvard Library bulletin. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Library. Harvard University Library PDS". pds.lib.harvard.edu. Retrieved January 22, 2016. 
  9. ^ Kumar, Martha Joynt. "Richard Elliott Neustadt, 1919–2003: a tribute," Presidential Studies Quarterly, March 1, 2004, pg. 1
  10. ^ "Harvard Kennedy School – Project Description". Hks.harvard.edu. Retrieved October 1, 2017. 
  11. ^ "Harvard Kennedy School – Office of Admissions". Hks.harvard.edu. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Master in Public Policy | Harvard Kennedy School". www.hks.harvard.edu. Retrieved October 2, 2017. 
  13. ^ "Harvard Kennedy School – Joint & Concurrent Degrees". Hks.harvard.edu. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  14. ^ a b "HKS Course Listing". Hks.harvard.edu. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  15. ^ [2][dead link]
  16. ^ [3][dead link]
  17. ^ Avey; et al. (Jan–Feb 2012). "Ivory Tower". Foreign Policy. Retrieved February 6, 2012. 
  18. ^ "TRIP Around the World: Teaching, Research, and Policy Views of International Relations Faculty in 20 Countries". Institute for the Theory and Practice of International Relations. College of William & Mary. Retrieved February 6, 2012. 
  19. ^ "Kennedy School Review". Kennedy School Review. 
  20. ^ "Journal of Middle Eastern Politics and Policy". Journal of Middle Eastern Politics and Policy. 
  21. ^ "USG « Harvard Graduate Student Government". Hgc.harvard.edu. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  22. ^ Khanna, Saira. "University-Wide Groups Approved | News | The Harvard Crimson". Thecrimson.com. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  23. ^ "Harvard at a Glance | Harvard University". Harvard.edu. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  24. ^ Ireland, Corydon. "There's only one Harvard | Harvard Gazette". News.harvard.edu. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  25. ^ Ireland, Corydon. "Of masks and mirth | Harvard Gazette". News.harvard.edu. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  26. ^ "Student Government | Harvard Kennedy School". www.hks.harvard.edu. Retrieved November 4, 2017. 
  27. ^ "Harvard Kennedy School – Centers". Hks.harvard.edu. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  28. ^ "Harvard – Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs". Belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  29. ^ "Carr Center for Human Rights Policy | John F. Kennedy School of Government | Harvard University". Hks.harvard.edu. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  30. ^ Harvard Kennedy School. "Harvard Kennedy School – Center for International Development". 
  31. ^ "Center for Public Leadership – Harvard Kennedy School". Hks.harvard.edu. Archived from the original on September 26, 2010. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  32. ^ "Harvard University Institute of Politics". Iop.harvard.edu. April 29, 2014. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  33. ^ "Edmond J. Safra Foundation Center for Ethics : Home". Ethics.harvard.edu. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  34. ^ "Shorenstein Center home page>". Shorensteincenter.org. June 17, 2014. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  35. ^ "Mossavar-Rahmani Center for Business & Government". Hks.harvard.edu. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  36. ^ "Rappaport Institute of Greater Boston". Hks.harvard.edu. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  37. ^ "The Taubman Center:". Hks.harvard.edu. April 3, 2014. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  38. ^ "Harvard Kennedy School – Malcolm Wiener Center for Social Policy". Hks.harvard.edu. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  39. ^ "Harvard University's Joint Center for Housing Studies – Home Page". Jchs.harvard.edu. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  40. ^ "Women and Public Policy Program". Hks.harvard.edu. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  41. ^ Contact: Esten Perez (July 10, 2012). "Harvard Kennedy School". Hks.harvard.edu. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  42. ^ "Cabinet Appointments Mr TEO Chee Hean". Singapore Cabinet Office. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  43. ^ "NOMINATIONS BEFORE THE SENATE ARMED SERVICES COMMITTEE, FIRST SESSION, 111TH CONGRESS". GPO. Retrieved December 25, 2014. 
  44. ^ "Paper Crane #16". Paper Crane Project. Retrieved December 25, 2014. 
  45. ^ "HKS Class Notes Winter 2014" (PDF). Harvard Kennedy School. Retrieved December 25, 2014. 
  46. ^ "charles 'charley' a. murphy's biography". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved February 2, 2013. 
  47. ^ "Rizwan Ahmed appointed new TDAP secretary   - Daily Times". November 18, 2016. Retrieved October 26, 2017. 
  48. ^ "Department of Homeland Security Leadership structure". Retrieved February 24, 2010. 
  49. ^ "Uncharted Waters". Harvard Kennedy School. Retrieved December 25, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°22′17″N 71°07′20″W / 42.37145°N 71.12210°W / 42.37145; -71.12210

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