|Nickname(s): City of Stambas|
|• Body||Khammam Municipal Corporation|
|• Total||59 km2 (23 sq mi)|
|Elevation||107 m (351 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Website||Khammam Municipal Corporation|
Khammam is the headquarters of the Khammam District in the Telangana state of India and is located about 193 kilometres (120 mi) east of state capital, Hyderabad. On October 19, 2012, AP government announced Khammam city as Municipal Corporation, including 14 surrounding villages, which developed in business with the town. Khammam is an important District Head Quarters City in Telangana state. It is situated on the Kazipet – Vijayawada broad gauge railway line of the South Central Railway at distance of about 100 km from Vijayawada and 259 km from Hyderabad. It is also located on the Hyderabad – Rajamundry State High Way. The river Munneru flows on the western side of the town. It is accessible by road and rail and is well connected to the head quarters of the neighbor district and Taluks by fairly good roads asseured by regular bus services. It is very near to the both Telangana and Andhra Preadesh capital cities.
The present name of Khammam is said to have been derived from the name of the temple "Narsimhadri," later "Stamba Sikhari," and then it was called "Stambadhri," which has the ancient temple of Narasimha Swamy on its top. This temple is believed to have been existing since Treta Yuga. The vertical rock under the temple is known as 'KAMBA' which literally means pillar. The name of the town Khammam has been derived from "Kambam Mettu" to "Kammammet" or "Khammam Mettu" to the present "Khammam city." The district is also named as Khammam.
Khammam City, which was the seat of Taluk Administration, was part of the larger Warangal District, until 1 October 1953. Five taluks of the Warangal district viz., Khammam, Madhira, Yellandu, Burgampadu and Paloncha (now Kothagudem) were carved out and a new district Khammam with Khammam as District Headquarters. In 1959 Bhadrachalam Revenue Division consisting Bhadrachalam and Nuguru Venkatapuram Taluks of East Godawari district, which were on the other side of the river Godavari were merged into Khammam on grounds of geographical contiguity and administrative viability.
In 1973 a new taluk with Sathupalli as headquarters was formed carving out from Madhira and Kothagudem taluks. In the year 1976 four new taluks were formed viz., Tirumalayapalem, Sudimalla, Aswaraopeta and Khammam district was initially a part of larger Warangal District.
History of Khammam shows that it has produced a number of leaders who were part of the Freedom struggle, such as first generation Communist leaders Peravelli Venkata Ramanaiah, Pendyala Satyanarayana Rao, Sarvadevabhatla Ramanatham, K.L.Narsimha Rao, and Chirravuri Laxminarasaiah First Municipal Chairman of Khammam; Congress leaders Madapati Hanumantha Rao, Chepuri Nenkanna, Madapati Ramchander Rao, Sardar Jamalpuram Keshava Rao,Bommakanti Satyanarayana Rao, Hayagreeva Chary, and Nizam Rashtra Vimochanam Jalagam Vengala Rao, former Chief Minister of AP, Prof. K. Venkata Ramiah, Founder and Vice-Chancellor of KU.
It has been the headquarters of the district since 1953. It is also a divisional and Taluk headquarters. It has a population of 1,59,775 per the 2001 Census, out of which 43,427 are in slums, with an area of 18.53 sq. km. It is also classified as a Special Grade Municipality. It has developed in to an important centre of education with three Arts and Science Colleges and other educational institutions. The Government headquarters hospital and the Mission Hospital provide higher order medical facilities to the entire region of the town. It is a trading centre for the agricultural produce of its hinder land. It is also an important commercial centre.
Some of the notable events in Khammam town during freedom struggle .
Construction of the Khammam Fort was initiated around 950 when the Telugu area (now Andhra Pradesh) was ruled by the Kakatiya dynasty (10th – 13th century). Later, Musunuri Nayaks and Velama kings were involved in the construction of the fort situated on the hill. It was completed in the year 1000 and was under control of Reddy dynasty. Subsequently the Qutb Shahi kingdom (1531) developed further both Khammam Fort and other parts of the region. Khammam Fort represents both Hindu and Muslim architectural influences. The fort has celebrated 1000 years of existence and is set to become a major tourist spot. It is developed as a tourist spot by the government. This fort was built with granite and has an area of around 4 square kilometers, has 10 endpoints. And it has a Masjed and Mahal (palace) including Ashoor Khanas built and renovated by Nawab Shoukat Jung Hussam Ud Doulah and his son Nawab Kazim Jung and grandson Nawab Mohd Shabbir Hussain Khan Azm.
Khammam is located at  It has an average elevation of 107 metres (351 feet)..
Khammam experiences typical Indian climatic conditions. Summer season is hot and the temperatures can climb rapidly during the day. Monsoon season brings certain amount of rainfall and the temperatures gradually reduce during this period. After the onset of the monsoon day temperatures are much lower and as the winter approaches they reduce further.
Summer season is from March and lasts till the end of May. During this time day temperatures are high and can reach 40 °C to 42 °C. Humidity is low as it is not located near the ocean. Conditions are generally dry during this period and the temperatures range from a minimum of 35 °C and can rise up to a maximum of 40 °C to 45 °C. Monsoon season brings much needed relief from the heat. Monsoon seasons are from the months of June to September. Temperatures average around 30 °C during this period. The place gets rain from the South West Monsoon. Some amount of rainfall can be experienced in the October as well. Winter season is from December to February. January is usually the coldest parts of the year. Temperatures range around 28 °C to 34 °C during this time.
Khammam has been receiving higher annual rainfall than the rest of state. The annual rain fall is 175 centimetres (69 in) during the monsoon season. Khammam was also affected by the floods of Munneru, the tributary of Krishna River. In 2007, the floods stuck by the River drowned the Bokkalagadda with the heavy 3-day rain. Again in 2009, floods stuck and drowned the area again. Proposal was also there for the construction of barricade here.Food Corporation of India storage centres in Khammam releases food for the flood victims regularly.
As of 2011[update] census, the city had a population of 184,252. The total population constitute, 91,019 males and 93,233 females —a sex ratio of 1025 females per 1000 males. 17,131 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 8,876 are boys and 8,255 are girls —a ratio of 1075 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 81.70% with 136,532 literates, significantly higher than the state average of 67.41%.
Khammam Fort, constructed in 950 AD by the Kakatiya Dynasty, is on a hill overlooking the town. Lakaram lake, Khammam city is another tourist attraction. Apart from these there are many places surrounding the town namely Bhadrachalam, Parnasala, Nelakondapalli, Kusumanchi etc.
Khammam city has a good road and rail facility. Telangana state transport operates buses to many routes. It is a gateway to northern coastal Andhra (East, West Godavari district & Vizag). The city is located on the link highway (NH-9 & NH-5) which connects Hyderabad City and Rajamundry Town.
Khammam is well connected to major cities and towns in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. Due to the heavy rush in the present bus station, a new bus station is an upcoming plan in the Indira nagar which is to be completed 2012–2013. A new outer ring road (From Yellandu Road to Mallemadugu and Khammam Bypass Road) is also a future plan.
Khammam is one of the major Railway stations on the NewDelhi<->Chennai Railway line which connects the town with Hyderabad, Warangal, Vijayawada, Vishakapatnam, Tirupati and trains going to major cities in India like Kolkata, New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai stop station.It is a major stop between Vijayawada and Warangal stations. Daily 64 passenger, express, superfast trains stops in khammam railway station. The station has three platforms of which 2 are majorly used for express and passenger trains while the third one is used for goods transport.
The nearest airport is Vijayawada Airport (138 km) but the most used airport is the Hyderabad International Airport (208 km) because of its size and accessibility to international locations . There was a plan to survey locations to build a new airport in Khammam District to connect cities like Hyderabad, Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai and Bengaluru.
There are various engineering colleges, pharmacy colleges, and MBA, MCA colleges around Khammam city.Mamata Medical College which is also a teaching hospital located in the city.SR & BGNR Degree and PG College also conducts archaeological research on megalithic sites.
A stadium with all amenities including sports complex, indoor stadium, swimming pool, cricket net, skating rink, volleyball, basketball and tennis courts. There is a running track around the football pitch.
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