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Khammam
Kammamet
City
Khammam as seen from Narasimha Swamy Hill
Khammam as seen from Narasimha Swamy Hill
Khammam is located in Telangana
Khammam
Khammam
Location in Telangana, India
Khammam is located in India
Khammam
Khammam
Khammam (India)
Coordinates: 17°15′N 80°10′E / 17.25°N 80.16°E / 17.25; 80.16Coordinates: 17°15′N 80°10′E / 17.25°N 80.16°E / 17.25; 80.16
Country India
State Telangana
District Khammam
Government
 • Body Khammam Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Guguloth Papalal
 • Deputy mayor Battula Murali
 • Municipal Commissioner Sandeep Kumar
 • MP Ponguleti Srinivas Reddy
Area[1]
 • City 94.37 km2 (36.44 sq mi)
 • Urban 40.40 km2 (15.60 sq mi)
 • Rural 60.90 km2 (23.51 sq mi)
 • Metro 60.70 km2 (23.44 sq mi)
Area rank 3rd (in state)
Elevation 107 m (351 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • City 305,000
 • Rank 151(India)
4th (Telangana)
 • Density 3,200/km2 (8,400/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu, Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 507001/02/03
Vehicle registration TS–04[2]
Ethnicity Indian
Planning agency Khammam Urban Development Authority
Website Khammam Municipal Corporation

Khammam is the city in Khammam district of the Indian state of Telangana. It is the headquarters of the Khammam district and Khammam mandal also.[3]It is located about 193 kilometres (120 mi) east of the state capital, Hyderabad, 61 kilometres (38 mi) from Suryapet, 120 kilometres (75 mi) from Warangal and also it is located about 100 kilometres (62 mi) North of the Andhra Pradesh state capital, Amaravathi. The river Munneru flows on the western side of the city.[4] As of 2011 census of India, Khammam urban agglomeration has a population of 2,62,255.However, on 19 October 2012, the civic body of Khammam was upgraded to Municipal corporation Post upgradation to corporation Khammam population is approximated to be 3,05,000.[5]

Etymology[edit]

Historical records show that the city's name was once "Kammamet."[6][7][8][9][10][11]

History[edit]

The City is located on the banks of a river called Munneru which is a tributary of the Krishna River. Khammam district has a lot of historical importance in Telangana.

Khammam City, which was the seat of Taluk Administration, was part of the larger Warangal District, until 1 October 1953. Five taluks of the Warangal district viz., Khammam, Madhira, Yellandu, Burgampadu and Paloncha (now Kothagudem) were carved out and a new district Khammam with Khammam as District Headquarters. In 1959 Bhadrachalam Revenue Division consisting Bhadrachalam and Nuguru Venkatapuram Taluks of East Godawari district, which were on the other side of the river Godavari were merged into Khammam on grounds of geographical contiguity and administrative viability.

In 1973, a new taluk with Sathupalli as its headquarters was carved out from Madhira and Kothagudem taluks. In the year 1976 four new taluks were formed viz., Tirumalayapalem, Sudimalla, Aswaraopeta and Khammam district was initially a part of larger Warangal District.

History of Khammam shows that it has produced a number of leaders who were part of the Freedom struggle, such as first generation Communist leaders Peravelli Venkata Ramanaiah, Pendyala Satyanarayana Rao, Sarvadevabhatla Ramanatham, K.L.Narsimha Rao, and Chirravuri Laxminarasaiah First Municipal Chairman of Khammam; Congress leaders Madapati Hanumantha Rao, Chepuri Nenkanna, Madapati Ramchander Rao, Sardar Jamalpuram Keshava Rao, Bommakanti Satyanarayana Rao, Hayagreeva Chary, and Nizam Rashtra Vimochanam Jalagam Vengala Rao, former Chief Minister of AP, Prof. K. Venkata Ramiah, Founder and Vice-Chancellor of KU.

Freedom movement[edit]

Some of the notable events in Khammam town during freedom struggle .

  • 1931 – First Independence movement in Khammam proper
  • 1935 – First Library established in Khammam town
  • 1945 – 12th State Andhra Mahasabha meeting at Khammam organised by Pendyala Satya Narayana Rao as general secretary, Aahvana sangham. Elected Baddam Ellareddy as president and Pendyala Satya Narayana Rao as vice-president to 13th State Andhra Mahasabha in that meeting. The meeting was held on 26-28 March. Puchalapalli Sundarayya participated in the meeting as guest.Nearly 40,000 people attended the meeting.
  • 1946 – Mahathma Gandhi's visit to Khammam mett (Khammam town) on 5 August 1946
  • 1947 August, 7 – Satyagraham at Madhira and Khammam by Jamalapuram Kesava Rao, Kurapati Venkata Raju, Jagadeeswaraiah Neelakandan, Bachalakura Laxmaiah, Vattikonda Ramakotaiah, Heeralal Moriya, Teegala Hanumantha Rao, Kolipaka Kishan Rao, Gella Keshava Rao, Yadavalli Venkateswara Sharma, Pullabhotla Venkateswarlu (Hyderabad congress present), Vutukuru Kamala (Freedom Fighter – Telangana Vimochana)

Geography[edit]

Left:North of Khammam town as seen from Narasimha Swamy hill, Right:South of Khammam town as seen from Narasimha Swamy hill

Topography[edit]

Khammam is located at 17°15′N 80°09′E / 17.25°N 80.15°E / 17.25; 80.15.[12] It has an average elevation of 107 metres (351 feet).

Climate[edit]

Khammam
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
15
 
 
30
16
 
 
5
 
 
33
18
 
 
5
 
 
37
22
 
 
7
 
 
40
26
 
 
15
 
 
42
28
 
 
50
 
 
37
28
 
 
85
 
 
32
25
 
 
170
 
 
31
25
 
 
160
 
 
33
23
 
 
70
 
 
33
22
 
 
10
 
 
31
18
 
 
0
 
 
30
15
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm

Climate for Khammam Average Weather in Khammam for January Sunlight 9 hours a day Coldest January temperature 12 °C Coldest daily temperature 16 °C Warmest daily temperature 28 °C Warmest January temperature 38 °C Discomfort* Moderate Morning Humidity 76% Evening Humidity 45% Rain in January 4 mm

Average Weather in Khammam for February Sunlight 10 hours a day Coldest February temperature 15 °C Coldest daily temperature 19 °C Warmest daily temperature 29 °C Warmest February temperature 40 °C Discomfort* Moderate Morning Humidity 67% Evening Humidity 39% Rain in February 9 mm Wet days for February 1 days

Khammam experiences typical Indian climatic conditions. Summer season is hot and the temperatures can climb rapidly during the day. Monsoon season brings certain amount of rainfall and the temperatures gradually reduce during this period. After the onset of the monsoon day temperatures are much lower and as the winter approaches they reduce further.

Summer season is from March and lasts till the end of May. During this time day temperatures are high and can reach 40 °C to 42 °C. Humidity is low as it is not located near the ocean. Conditions are generally dry during this period and the temperatures range from a minimum of 35 °C and can rise up to a maximum of 40  °C to 45 °C. Monsoon season brings much needed relief from the heat. Monsoon seasons are from the months of June to September. Temperatures average around 30 °C during this period. The place gets rain from the South West Monsoon. Some amount of rainfall can be experienced in the October as well. Winter season is from December to February. January is usually the coldest parts of the year. Temperatures range around 28 °C to 34 °C during this time.

  • Winter: December To February
  • Summer: March to June
  • South West Monsoons  – July to September
  • North East Monsoons  – October to November

Rain storms and cyclones are common in the region during the rainy season, which starts with the monsoons in early June. The cyclones could occur any time of the year, but commonly between August and November.

Climate data for Khammam(1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.6
(87.1)
32.4
(90.3)
34.6
(94.3)
36.6
(97.9)
39.7
(103.5)
38.3
(100.9)
35.8
(96.4)
35.0
(95)
34.9
(94.8)
33.0
(91.4)
31.3
(88.3)
30.6
(87.1)
34.4
(93.9)
Average low °C (°F) 20.2
(68.4)
21.8
(71.2)
24.0
(75.2)
26.3
(79.3)
28.0
(82.4)
28.2
(82.8)
26.9
(80.4)
26.5
(79.7)
26.0
(78.8)
24.8
(76.6)
22.5
(72.5)
20.6
(69.1)
24.7
(76.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18.7
(0.736)
4.1
(0.161)
18.3
(0.72)
12.9
(0.508)
68.5
(2.697)
61.0
(2.402)
108.3
(4.264)
115.5
(4.547)
148.0
(5.827)
247.0
(9.724)
175.1
(6.894)
31.5
(1.24)
1,009
(39.724)
Average precipitation days 0.8 0.9 0.5 0.5 2.4 3.6 6.5 7.3 6.8 8.8 5.8 1.8 45.6
Source: India Meteorological Department[13]

During the 2015 India heat wave, Khammam experienced a maximum temperature of 48 °C (118 °F).[14][15]

Floods[edit]

Munneru river in Khammam

Khammam has been receiving higher annual rainfall than the rest of state. The annual rain fall is 175 centimetres (69 in) during the monsoon season. Khammam was also affected by the floods of Munneru, the tributary of Krishna River. In 2007, the floods stuck by the River drowned the Bokkalagadda with a heavy three-day rain. Again in 2009, floods stuck and inundated the area. There has also been a proposal for the construction of a barricade. Food Corporation of India storage centres in Khammam regularly release food for the flood victims[citation needed].

Demographics[edit]

Khammam UA population 
Census Pop.
1911 9,117
1921 11,532 26.5%
1931 13,002 12.7%
1941 18,982 46.0%
1951 28,251 48.8%
1961 35,888 27.0%
1971 56,919 58.6%
1981 98,757 73.5%
1991 149,077 51.0%
2001 198,620 33.2%
2011 262,255 32.0%
Sources: [16]

As of 2011 census, the city had a population of 305,000. The total population constitute, 91,019 males and 93,233 females —a sex ratio of 1025 females per 1000 males. 17,131 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 8,876 are boys and 8,255 are girls —a ratio of 1075 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 81.70% with 136,532 literates, significantly higher than the state average of 67.41%.[17][18]

Religions in Khammam[19]
Religion Percent
Hindu
73.41%
Muslim
24.39%
Christians
1.65%
Others†
0.55%
Includes Sikhs, Jains

Governance[edit]

The Khammam Municipal Corporation is the city's civic body.

Khammam is one of Telangana's the historical cities, with nearly 1,000 years of traceable history. It is the headquarters of Khammam District. The town was constituted into a Municipality on 24 March 1942 and upgraded to a special grade municipality in the year 2001. Administratively, Khammam is divided into 11 revenue wards and 41 election wards. On 19 October 2012 Khammam municipality was announced as a Municipal Corporation, with a further 9 gram panchayats added around it which developed in business[clarification needed] with the town. Presently Khammam has 20 revenue wards and 50 election divisions. The Municipal Corporation has an area of 94.37 km2.

Culture[edit]

Bhakta Ramadasu Kala Kshetram,[20] has been a prestigious National theatre, constructed by the state Government in the name of Sri. Bhakta Ramadasu ( Kancherla Gopanna )[21] was devotee of Sri Rama and composer of carnatic music.

Landmarks[edit]

Khammam Fort, constructed in 950 AD by the Kakatiya Dynasty, is situated on a hill overlooking the town. Lakaram Lake is another tourist attraction.[22] Apart from these there are many places surrounding the town, such as Ballepalli, Bhadrachalam, Parnasala, Nelakondapalli, Kusumanchi.

Transport[edit]

Entrance to Khammam Station

The city is connected to major cities and towns by means of road and railways. National and state highways that pass through the city are National Highway 365A, State Highway 3 and 42. TSRTC operates buses to various destinations from Khammam bus station of the city.[23] Khammam railway station provides rail connectivity to the city, located on the Kazipet–Vijayawada section of the New Delhi-Chennai main line. It is administered under Secunderabad railway division of the South Central Railway zone.

Education[edit]

There are various pharmacy colleges such as Khammam college Of Pharmaceutical Sciences,Browns College Of Pharamcy and MBA, MCA, and engineering colleges around Khammam, such as the Swarna Bharathi Institute of Science and Technology Engineering College, The Vazir Sultan College of Engieering. Mamata Medical College is also a teaching hospital located in the city. SR & BGNR Degree and KMDC Degree & PG College also conducts archaeological research on megalithic sites. For competitive exams like groups, police, teacher jobs Right Choice IAS academy is the famous coaching centre in entire Khammam district.[24][25]

Media[edit]

The major Telugu newspapers in city are Namaste Telangana, Sakshi, Eenadu, Andhra Bhoomi, Andhra Prabha, Vaartha, Suryaa, Prajasakti and Vishalandra. The major English newspapers in the city are The Hindu, Telangana Today, The Times of India, Deccan Chronicle, The Hindu Business Line, The New Indian Express and The Hans India. Electronic Media include HMTV, ETV and Sakshi.

Sports[edit]

  • Sardar Patel Stadium[26] – A stadium with all amenities including sports complex, indoor stadium, swimming pool, cricket net, skating rink, volleyball, basketball and tennis courts. There is a running track around the football pitch.
  • Pavilion Grounds By Khammam Municipal Corporation
  • SR & BGNR Grounds

Festivals[edit]

Women in the city celebrate Bathukamma, a floral festival in which they worship the goddess with different flowers for nine days.[27] The women carry their Bathukamma to the nearest temple of their locality, then they clap, sing and dance rhythmically around the Bathukamma.[28] Along with Bathukamma, Bonalu was also declared a state festival on 15 June 2014.[29]

Cuisine[edit]

The cuisine of the city is mainly South Indian dishes. The breakfast items include Idli, Dosa, Vada, and Puri. Rice with variety of curries including curd is taken as main food and the most notable one is the Biryani. Special food items Harees and Haleem are traditional food items available in the season of Ramadan.[30]

Theatres[edit]

There are 9 film theatres in the town. Among 9 theatres; Srinivasa, Vinoda, Raghava, Kinnerasani and Narthaki Theatres were near to both Bus and Railway Stations.

Tourism[edit]

There are few parks in the town, namely:

  • Lakaram Park (Mini Tank Bund)
  • Municipal Park
  • Gandhi Park
  • Jammibanda Park
  • Danavayyagudem Park
  • Aravapalli Ashok Kumar Municipal Park
  • Velugumatla Udyanavanam

Other major tourism spots are :

  • Khammam Khilla (Fort)
  • NS Canal
  • Parnasala
  • Stambhadri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple
  • Telangana Amaraveerula Stupham.


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Basic Information". Official website of Khammam Municipal Corporation. Retrieved 18 February 2016. 
  2. ^ "District Codes". Government of Telangana Transport Department. Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  3. ^ "Khammam". Telangana state portal. Retrieved 15 June 2015. 
  4. ^ "Krishna District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. p. 145. Retrieved 21 February 2016. 
  5. ^ Staff Reporter, . (20 October 2012). "Khammam Municipality upgraded". The Hindu. 
  6. ^ A Descriptive and Historical Account of the Godavery District in the Presidencyof Madras, H. Morris, 1878, London, p. 216
  7. ^ A manual of the Kistna district in the presidency of Madras, Gordon Mackenzie, 1883, Madras, p. 25, 80
  8. ^ Buddhist remains in Āndhra and the history of Āndhra between 224 & 610 A.D., K. R. Subramanian, p. 149
  9. ^ A Handbook for India, Part I, Madras, John Murray, 1859, London
  10. ^ The Geography of India, J. Burgess, 1871, London, p. 48
  11. ^ The Church Missionary Intelligencer, Volume 2,1866, London, p. 73
  12. ^ "redirect to /world/IN/02/Khammam.html". 
  13. ^ "Khammam Climatological Table Period: 1981–2010". India Meteorological Department. Retrieved 31 January 2016. [dead link]
  14. ^ "Heatwave sweeps across India, 335 people dead". The Times of India. 24 May 2015. Retrieved 24 May 2015. 
  15. ^ "Hundreds Are Dying in a Blistering Heat Wave Sweeping Across India". Time. 25 May 2015. Retrieved 25 May 2015. 
  16. ^ "Town Amenities for Khammam District of Andhra Pradesh, 2011". Open Government Data (OGD) Platform India. 1 March 2016. 
  17. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011 Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 7 July 2014. 
  18. ^ "Literacy of AP (Census 2011)" (PDF). Official Portal of Andhra Pradesh Government. p. 43. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 5 September 2014. 
  19. ^ "KhammamCity Population Census 2011 – Telangana". 
  20. ^ "Bhaktha Ramdas Kalakeshthram, Photo-India". Ugo.cn. Retrieved 2013-11-17. 
  21. ^ Kancherla Gopanna
  22. ^ "Lakaram lake". Andhra Pradesh Tourism. Archived from the original on 30 October 2013. 
  23. ^ "Bus Stations". TSRTC. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  24. ^ Staff Reporter. "Brochure on megalithic sites in Khammam". The Hindu. 
  25. ^ P. Sridhar. "Impetus for heritage conservation mission". The Hindu. 
  26. ^ "Welcome to Sports Authority of Andhra Pradesh (S A A P)". Saap.in. Retrieved 2013-11-17. 
  27. ^ Special Correspondent. "Bathukamma: Festivities in the air". The Hindu. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  28. ^ Gollapudi Srinivasa Rao. "Bathukamma festivities to begin from Sept. 24". The Hindu. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  29. ^ "Bonalu, Bathukamma declared state festivals". The Times of India. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  30. ^ "City Of Khammam » Harees popular than Haleem in Khammam". City Of Khammam. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 

External links[edit]

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