Khammam

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This article is about the corporation in India. For its namesake district, see Khammam district.
Khammam
ఖమ్మం నగరం
ﮐﮭﻤّﻢ

Stambadri
City

Nickname(s): City of Stambas

Coal city of Southern India
Khammam City
Khammam City
Khammam
Khammam City
Coordinates: 17°15′N 80°10′E / 17.25°N 80.16°E / 17.25; 80.16Coordinates: 17°15′N 80°10′E / 17.25°N 80.16°E / 17.25; 80.16
Country India
State Telangana
Region Deccan
District Khammam
Named for Kamba
Government
 • Body Khammam Municipal Corporation
Area[1]
 • Total 25.52 km2 (9.85 sq mi)
Area rank 5th (in state)
Elevation 107 m (351 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 184,252
 • Rank 201st (India)
6th (Telangana)
Languages
 • Official Telugu, Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 507 xxx
Vehicle registration TS–04[3]
Website Khammam Municipal Corporation

Khammam is the city in Khammam district of the Indian state of Telangana. It is the headquarters of the Khammam district, located in Khammam mandal.[4] It is located about 193 kilometres (120 mi) east of the state capital, Hyderabad. On 19 October 2012, Khammam city was upgraded as municipal corporation, which includes 14 surrounding villages.[5] The river Munneru flows on the western side of the town.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The present name of Khammam is said to have been derived from the name of the temple "Narsimhadri," later "Stamba Sikhari," and then it was called "Stambadhri," which has the ancient temple of Narasimha Swamy on its top. This temple is believed to have been existing since Treta Yuga. The vertical rock under the temple is known as 'KAMBA' which literally means pillar. The name of the town Khammam has been derived from "Kambam Mettu" to "Kammammet" or "Khammam Mettu" to the present "Khammam city." The district is also named as Khammam.

Narasimhaswami temple

On the other hand, the historical records show that the name was "Kammamet."[6][7][8][9][10][11]

The City is located on the banks of a river called Munneru which is a tributary of the Krishna River. Khammam district has a lot of historical importance in Telangana.

Khammam City, which was the seat of Taluk Administration, was part of the larger Warangal District, until 1 October 1953. Five taluks of the Warangal district viz., Khammam, Madhira, Yellandu, Burgampadu and Paloncha (now Kothagudem) were carved out and a new district Khammam with Khammam as District Headquarters. In 1959 Bhadrachalam Revenue Division consisting Bhadrachalam and Nuguru Venkatapuram Taluks of East Godawari district, which were on the other side of the river Godavari were merged into Khammam on grounds of geographical contiguity and administrative viability.

In 1973 a new taluk with Sathupalli as headquarters was formed carving out from Madhira and Kothagudem taluks. In the year 1976 four new taluks were formed viz., Tirumalayapalem, Sudimalla, Aswaraopeta and Khammam district was initially a part of larger Warangal District.

History of Khammam shows that it has produced a number of leaders who were part of the Freedom struggle, such as first generation Communist leaders Peravelli Venkata Ramanaiah, Pendyala Satyanarayana Rao, Sarvadevabhatla Ramanatham, K.L.Narsimha Rao, and Chirravuri Laxminarasaiah First Municipal Chairman of Khammam; Congress leaders Madapati Hanumantha Rao, Chepuri Nenkanna, Madapati Ramchander Rao, Sardar Jamalpuram Keshava Rao,Bommakanti Satyanarayana Rao, Hayagreeva Chary, and Nizam Rashtra Vimochanam Jalagam Vengala Rao, former Chief Minister of AP, Prof. K. Venkata Ramiah, Founder and Vice-Chancellor of KU.

Freedom movement[edit]

Some of the notable events in Khammam town during freedom struggle .

  • 1931 – First Independence movement in Khammam proper
  • 1935 – First Library established in Khammam town
  • 1945 - 12th State Andhra Mahasabha meeting at Khammam organised by Pendyala Satya Narayana Rao as general secretary, Aahvana sangham. Elected Baddam Ellareddy as president and Pendyala Satya Narayana Rao as vice-president to 13th State Andhra Mahasabha in that meeting. The meeting was held on March 26,27 and 28th. Puchala-pally Sundaraiah participated in the meeting as guest.Nearly 40,000 people attended the meeting.
  • 1946 – Mahathma Gandhi's visit to Khammam mett (Khammam town) on 5 August 1946
  • 1947 August, 7 – Satyagraham at Madhira and Khammam by Jamalapuram Kesava Rao, Kurapati Venkata Raju, Vattikonda Ramakotaiah, Heeralal Moriya, Teegala Hanumantha Rao, Kolipaka Kishan Rao, Gella Keshava Rao, Yadavalli Venkateswara Sharma,Pullabhotla Venkateswarlu (Hyderabad congress present),Vutukuru Kamala (Freedom Fighter - Telangana Vimochana)

Geography[edit]

Topography[edit]

Khammam is located at 17°15′N 80°09′E / 17.25°N 80.15°E / 17.25; 80.15.[12] It has an average elevation of 107 metres (351 feet).

Climate[edit]

Khammam experiences typical Indian climatic conditions. Summer season is hot and the temperatures can climb rapidly during the day. Monsoon season brings certain amount of rainfall and the temperatures gradually reduce during this period. After the onset of the monsoon day temperatures are much lower and as the winter approaches they reduce further.

Summer season is from March and lasts till the end of May. During this time day temperatures are high and can reach 40 °C to 42 °C. Humidity is low as it is not located near the ocean. Conditions are generally dry during this period and the temperatures range from a minimum of 35 °C and can rise up to a maximum of 40  °C to 45 °C. Monsoon season brings much needed relief from the heat. Monsoon seasons are from the months of June to September. Temperatures average around 30 °C during this period. The place gets rain from the South West Monsoon. Some amount of rainfall can be experienced in the October as well. Winter season is from December to February. January is usually the coldest parts of the year. Temperatures range around 28 °C to 34 °C during this time.

During the 2015 India heat wave, Khammam experienced a maximum temperature of 48 °C (118 °F).[13][14]

Floods[edit]

Khammam has been receiving higher annual rainfall than the rest of state. The annual rain fall is 175 centimetres (69 in) during the monsoon season. Khammam was also affected by the floods of Munneru, the tributary of Krishna River. In 2007, the floods stuck by the River drowned the Bokkalagadda with the heavy 3-day rain. Again in 2009, floods stuck and drowned the area again. Proposal was also there for the construction of barricade here.Food Corporation of India storage centres in Khammam releases food for the flood victims regularly[citation needed].

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 census, the city had a population of 184,252. The total population constitute, 91,019 males and 93,233 females —a sex ratio of 1025 females per 1000 males. 17,131 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 8,876 are boys and 8,255 are girls —a ratio of 1075 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 81.70% with 136,532 literates, significantly higher than the state average of 67.41%.[2][15]

Culture[edit]

Khammam culture is a mixed culture of Telangana and Coastal Andhra. People of Khammam city are well coordinated with East & West Godavari, Krishna. This city is near to Warangal and Vijayawada.

Tourist destinations[edit]

Khammam Fort, constructed in 950 AD by the Kakatiya Dynasty, is on a hill overlooking the town. Lakaram lake, Khammam city is another tourist attraction.[16] Apart from these there are many places surrounding the town namely Bhadrachalam, Parnasala, Nelakondapalli, Kusumanchi etc.

Transportation[edit]

Khammam city has a good road and rail facility. Telangana state transport operates buses to many routes. It is a gateway to northern coastal Andhra (East, West Godavari district & Vizag). The city is located on the link highway (NH-9 & NH-5) which connects Hyderabad City and Rajamundry Town.

Road[edit]

Khammam is well connected to major cities and towns in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. Due to the heavy rush in the present bus station, a new bus station is an upcoming plan in the Indira nagar which is to be completed 2012–2013. A new outer ring road (From Yellandu Road to Mallemadugu and Khammam Bypass Road) is also a future plan.

Rail[edit]

Khammam is one of the major Railway stations on the NewDelhi<->Chennai Railway line. Khammam railway station is situated on the Kazipet – Vijayawada broad gauge railway line of the South Central Railway at distance of about 100 km from Vijayawada and 259 km from Hyderabad, which connects the City with Hyderabad, Warangal, Vijayawada, Vishakapatnam, Tirupati and to major cities in India like Kolkata, New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai.It is a major stop between Vijayawada and Warangal stations. Daily 64 passenger, express, superfast trains stops in khammam railway station. The station has three platforms of which 2 are majorly used for express and passenger trains while the third one is used for goods transport.

khammam railway station

Air[edit]

The nearest airport is Hyderabad International Airport (208 km). There was a plan to survey locations to build a new airport in Khammam District[17] to connect cities like Hyderabad, Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai and Bengaluru.

Education[edit]

There are various engineering colleges, pharmacy colleges, and MBA, MCA colleges around Khammam city.Mamata Medical College which is also a teaching hospital located in the city.SR & BGNR Degree and PG College also conducts archaeological research on megalithic sites.[18][19]

Cultural Centres[edit]

  • Bhakta Ramadasu Kala Kshetram,[20] has been a prestigious National theatre, constructed by the Government of Andhra Pradesh in the name of Sri. Bhakta Ramadasu ( Kancherla Gopanna )[21] was devotee of Sri Rama and composer of carnatic music.

Media[edit]

The major Telugu newspapers in city are Sakshi, Eenadu, Andhra Bhoomi, Andhra Prabha, Vaartha, Suryaa, Prajasakti and Vishalandra. The major English newspapers in the city are The Hindu, The Times of India, Deccan Chronicle, The Hindu Business Line, The New Indian Express and The Hans India. Electronic Media include HMTV, ETV and Sakshi.

Sports[edit]

  • Sardar Patel Stadium[22] - A stadium with all amenities including sports complex, indoor stadium, swimming pool, cricket net, skating rink, volleyball, basketball and tennis courts. There is a running track around the football pitch.
  • Pavilion Grounds By Khammam Municipal Corporation
  • SR & BGNR Grounds

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Andhra Pradesh Municipal Development Project" (PDF). Municipal Development Project. Government of Andhra Pradesh. p. 24. Retrieved 17 June 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011 Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 7 July 2014. 
  3. ^ "District Codes". Government of Telangana Transport Department. Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  4. ^ "Khammam". Telangana state portal. Retrieved 15 June 2015. 
  5. ^ "Khammam Municipality upgraded". The Hindu. 2012-10-20. Retrieved 2013-11-17. 
  6. ^ A Descriptive and Historical Account of the Godavery District in the Presidencyof Madras, H. Morris, 1878, London, p. 216
  7. ^ A manual of the Kistna district in the presidency of Madras, Gordon Mackenzie, 1883, Madras, p. 25, 80
  8. ^ Buddhist remains in Āndhra and the history of Āndhra between 224 & 610 A.D., K. R. Subramanian, p. 149
  9. ^ A Handbook for India, Part I, Madras, John Murray, 1859, London
  10. ^ The Geography of India, J. Burgess, 1871, London, p. 48
  11. ^ The Church Missionary Intelligencer,Volume 2,1866, London, p. 73
  12. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Khammam
  13. ^ "Heatwave sweeps across India, 335 people dead". The Times of India. 24 May 2015. Retrieved 24 May 2015. 
  14. ^ "Hundreds Are Dying in a Blistering Heat Wave Sweeping Across India". Time. 25 May 2015. Retrieved 25 May 2015. 
  15. ^ "Literacy of AP (Census 2011)" (PDF). Official Portal of Andhra Pradesh Government. p. 43. Retrieved 5 September 2014. 
  16. ^ "Lakaram lake". Andhra Pradesh Tourism. Archived from the original on October 30, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Andhra Pradesh / Khammam News : Civil Aviation team in Khammam". The Hindu. 2007-09-09. Retrieved 2013-11-17. 
  18. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-andhrapradesh/brochure-on-megalithic-sites-in-khammam/article6099678.ece
  19. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-andhrapradesh/impetus-for-heritage-conservation-mission/article5874554.ece
  20. ^ "Bhaktha Ramdas Kalakeshthram,Photo-India". Ugo.cn. Retrieved 2013-11-17. 
  21. ^ Kancherla Gopanna
  22. ^ "Welcome to Sports Authority of Andhra Pradesh (S A A P)". Saap.in. Retrieved 2013-11-17. 

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