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Khammam Politics Special Ground Report || Who Will Win in 2019 Elections? || NTV
Khammam Politics Special Ground Report || Who Will Win in 2019 Elections? || NTV
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: NTV Telugu
Khammam MLA Ajay Kumar Puvvada || NTV Special Ground Report || MLA Graph
Khammam MLA Ajay Kumar Puvvada || NTV Special Ground Report || MLA Graph
Published: 2017/05/13
Channel: NTV Telugu
KTR - TRS Public Meet in Khammam - LIVE
KTR - TRS Public Meet in Khammam - LIVE
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: TV9 Telugu
Beautification of Khammam Gets Pat from All Fraternites |  A Story
Beautification of Khammam Gets Pat from All Fraternites | A Story
Published: 2017/01/04
Channel: ETV Telangana
Telangana Govt Plans To Construct Check Dams On Munneru & Its Sub Rivers | Khammam | V6 News
Telangana Govt Plans To Construct Check Dams On Munneru & Its Sub Rivers | Khammam | V6 News
Published: 2017/06/20
Channel: V6 News Telugu
School Students And Teachers Offers Prayers For Child Girl Veena | Khammam |  HMTV
School Students And Teachers Offers Prayers For Child Girl Veena | Khammam | HMTV
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: HMTV News
Worker lostlife while closing Open Borewells in Khammam district
Worker lostlife while closing Open Borewells in Khammam district
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: ABN Telugu
Rare Snake with legs found in Khammam - TV9
Rare Snake with legs found in Khammam - TV9
Published: 2017/06/19
Channel: TV9 Telugu
Minister KTR to Lay Foundation Stone for IT Hub in Khammam || NTV
Minister KTR to Lay Foundation Stone for IT Hub in Khammam || NTV
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: NTV Telugu
Prominent Industrialist Vaddiraj Ravichandra Son Wedding In Khammam  | iNews
Prominent Industrialist Vaddiraj Ravichandra Son Wedding In Khammam | iNews
Published: 2017/04/29
Channel: I News
Minister KTR Speech | Inaugurates Development Works In Khammam | V6 News
Minister KTR Speech | Inaugurates Development Works In Khammam | V6 News
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: V6 News Telugu
Khammam bypass road accident new
Khammam bypass road accident new
Published: 2016/12/23
Channel: Thomas Eaga
'Swachh Rail' campaign | The Khammam Railway Station Was The Cleanest In The A Category |
Published: 2017/05/19
Channel: Bhaarat Today
Sudden Decision On  Khammam Mirchi Market Yard ShiftingTo  Gurralapadu || CVR NEWS
Sudden Decision On Khammam Mirchi Market Yard ShiftingTo Gurralapadu || CVR NEWS
Published: 2017/06/22
Channel: CVR Telugu News
కెసిఆర్ పాలనపై ఖమ్మం జిల్లా వాసుల స్పందన | CM KCR 3 Years Rule Effect in Khammam | TV5 News
కెసిఆర్ పాలనపై ఖమ్మం జిల్లా వాసుల స్పందన | CM KCR 3 Years Rule Effect in Khammam | TV5 News
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: TV5 News
Thummala Nageswara Rao Sensational Comments on Revanth Reddy || Khammam Sabha || NTV
Thummala Nageswara Rao Sensational Comments on Revanth Reddy || Khammam Sabha || NTV
Published: 2017/05/13
Channel: NTV Telugu
Minister KTR Speech In Janahitha Pragathi Sabha || Khammam || V6 News
Minister KTR Speech In Janahitha Pragathi Sabha || Khammam || V6 News
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: V6 News Telugu
Brand Ambassador of Khammam | Special Focus On Khammam Khilla || No.1 News
Brand Ambassador of Khammam | Special Focus On Khammam Khilla || No.1 News
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: No1 News Telugu
Obscene Activities in Khammam Beauty Parlour | Telugu News | TV5 News
Obscene Activities in Khammam Beauty Parlour | Telugu News | TV5 News
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: TV5 News
Swathi Hospital Management Overaction on DMHO over Hospital Seize | Khammam | HMTV
Swathi Hospital Management Overaction on DMHO over Hospital Seize | Khammam | HMTV
Published: 2017/04/20
Channel: HMTV News
Kajal Agarwal Launches Chennai Shopping Mall In Khammam | TFPC
Kajal Agarwal Launches Chennai Shopping Mall In Khammam | TFPC
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: TFPC
'Nela Nela Vennela' 1st Anniversary Program | Krishna Bilam Dram Attracts People | Khammam
Published: 2017/06/26
Channel: ETV Telangana
khammam chota bahubali 2  trailer comedy spoof
khammam chota bahubali 2 trailer comedy spoof
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: Colourfullmedia Kmm
Khammam District People Opinion On indian Presidential Election 2017 | Bhaarat Today
Khammam District People Opinion On indian Presidential Election 2017 | Bhaarat Today
Published: 2017/06/26
Channel: Bhaarat Today
All Problems in Khammam Will be Solved by Next two Years | Minister tummala
All Problems in Khammam Will be Solved by Next two Years | Minister tummala
Published: 2017/06/26
Channel: ETV Telangana
KTR Speech at Khammam TRS public meet - TV9
KTR Speech at Khammam TRS public meet - TV9
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: TV9 Telugu
Ex MP Ponnam Prabhakar Fires on KTR over Khammam IT Hub || NTV
Ex MP Ponnam Prabhakar Fires on KTR over Khammam IT Hub || NTV
Published: 2017/06/16
Channel: NTV Telugu
Revanth Reddy Face to Face about Khammam Market Yard Issue || Telangana || NTV
Revanth Reddy Face to Face about Khammam Market Yard Issue || Telangana || NTV
Published: 2017/05/03
Channel: NTV Telugu
Govt Set up IT Hub Khammam | A Report
Govt Set up IT Hub Khammam | A Report
Published: 2017/06/13
Channel: ETV Telangana
High Temperature Levels In Khammam | People Facing Problems With Summer Heat | V6 News
High Temperature Levels In Khammam | People Facing Problems With Summer Heat | V6 News
Published: 2017/04/11
Channel: V6 News Telugu
Minister Thummala Nageswara Rao Political History in Khammam | Political Picture | HMTV
Minister Thummala Nageswara Rao Political History in Khammam | Political Picture | HMTV
Published: 2017/01/09
Channel: HMTV News
Spandana Chowdary Puchakayala | KHAMMAM TALKIES
Spandana Chowdary Puchakayala | KHAMMAM TALKIES
Published: 2017/06/09
Channel: Khammam Talkies
Commercial DAIRY Successful Farming by Khammam Farmer - ExpressTV
Commercial DAIRY Successful Farming by Khammam Farmer - ExpressTV
Published: 2015/08/11
Channel: Express TV
Bithiri Sathi Going To TRS Plenary In Khammam || Sathi Conversation With Savitri || Teenmaar News
Bithiri Sathi Going To TRS Plenary In Khammam || Sathi Conversation With Savitri || Teenmaar News
Published: 2016/04/23
Channel: V6 News Telugu
Real Bhoom Increase With Formation Of New Districts || Khammam || V6 News
Real Bhoom Increase With Formation Of New Districts || Khammam || V6 News
Published: 2016/09/01
Channel: V6 News Telugu
Revanth Reddy Sensational Comments on KCR over Mirchi Farmers Problem || Khammam || NTV
Revanth Reddy Sensational Comments on KCR over Mirchi Farmers Problem || Khammam || NTV
Published: 2017/05/13
Channel: NTV Telugu
Spurthi nilayam sricity khammam warangal cross road
Spurthi nilayam sricity khammam warangal cross road
Published: 2017/06/12
Channel: Ammu Sony
College Girls Ultimate Dance | BOMMA |SBIT | Khammam Talkies
College Girls Ultimate Dance | BOMMA |SBIT | Khammam Talkies
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: Khammam Talkies
Nela Talli | watch special program on OIL FAM Crop by khammam district | HMTV
Nela Talli | watch special program on OIL FAM Crop by khammam district | HMTV
Published: 2017/06/26
Channel: HMTV News
Telangana Wonder Kid " Lakshmi Srija" Speech At TRS Plenary || Khammam || V6 News
Telangana Wonder Kid " Lakshmi Srija" Speech At TRS Plenary || Khammam || V6 News
Published: 2016/04/27
Channel: V6 News Telugu
నిత్య వివాదాలతో ఖమ్మం మార్కెట్ | Strike Over Khammam Market Yard Shifting | TV5 News
నిత్య వివాదాలతో ఖమ్మం మార్కెట్ | Strike Over Khammam Market Yard Shifting | TV5 News
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: TV5 News
Yoga practice at Khammam TNGO bhavan - TV1
Yoga practice at Khammam TNGO bhavan - TV1
Published: 2017/06/22
Channel: TV1
IT Minister KTR Speech at Khammam Bahiranga Sabha
IT Minister KTR Speech at Khammam Bahiranga Sabha
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: ABN Telugu
What Happened Within TDP In Khammam || Khammam TDP Position
What Happened Within TDP In Khammam || Khammam TDP Position
Published: 2017/01/03
Channel: Sakshi TV
KTR Khammam Tour Today | Latest Updates from Khammam | HMTV
KTR Khammam Tour Today | Latest Updates from Khammam | HMTV
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: HMTV News
Gangster Nayeem
Gangster Nayeem's Khammam links come to light - TV9
Published: 2016/08/15
Channel: TV9 Telugu
Eve-Teasers Thrashed by Woman in Public | Khammam | Telugu News | TV5 News
Eve-Teasers Thrashed by Woman in Public | Khammam | Telugu News | TV5 News
Published: 2016/12/08
Channel: TV5 News
Rathi Kota Rahasyam | Khammam Khilla Secrets: TV5 News
Rathi Kota Rahasyam | Khammam Khilla Secrets: TV5 News
Published: 2014/12/13
Channel: TV5 News
CM KCR Powerful Speech At Bhakta Ramadasu Project Inauguration In Khammam | ABN Telugu
CM KCR Powerful Speech At Bhakta Ramadasu Project Inauguration In Khammam | ABN Telugu
Published: 2017/01/31
Channel: ABN Telugu
4th Day Of Mirchi Farmers Hunger strike Over Khammam Grain Market Shifting || CVR NEWS
4th Day Of Mirchi Farmers Hunger strike Over Khammam Grain Market Shifting || CVR NEWS
Published: 2017/06/26
Channel: CVR Telugu News
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Khammam
Stambadri, Kambhadri
Kambham mettu, Khammam mettu
City
Khammam as seen from Narasimha Swamy Hill
Khammam as seen from Narasimha Swamy Hill
Khammam is located in Telangana
Khammam
Khammam
Khammam is located in India
Khammam
Khammam
Location in Telangana, India
Coordinates: 17°15′N 80°10′E / 17.25°N 80.16°E / 17.25; 80.16Coordinates: 17°15′N 80°10′E / 17.25°N 80.16°E / 17.25; 80.16
Country India
State Telangana
District Khammam
Named for Kamba
Government
 • Body Khammam Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Guguloth Papalal
 • Deputy mayor Battula Murali
 • Municipal Commissioner G.Venu Gopal
Area[1]
 • Total 94.37 km2 (36.44 sq mi)
Area rank 3rd (in state)
Elevation 107 m (351 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 305,000
 • Rank 150(India)
4th (Telangana)
 • Density 3,200/km2 (8,400/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu, Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 507001/02/03
Vehicle registration TS–04[2]
Ethnicity Indian
Website Khammam Municipal Corporation

Khammam is the city in Khammam district of the Indian state of Telangana. It is the headquarters of the Khammam district and Khammam mandal as well.[3] It is located about 193 kilometres (120 mi) east of the state capital, Hyderabad, and also it is located about 100 kilometres (62 mi) North of the Andhra Pradesh state capital, Amaravathi. The river Munneru flows on the western side of the town.[4] As of 2011 census of India, it had a population of 284,268, with an area of 94.37 km2. On 19 October 2012, the civic body of Khammam was upgraded to Municipal corporation, which includes 14 surrounding villages.[5]

Etymology[edit]

The name of Khammam was derived from the temple of Nrusimhadri and a local hill. In Urdu, a vertical rock is referred as Kamba and the name of Khammam was derived from it by undergoing several changes with names such as, Stamba Sikhari, Stambadri, Kambhadri, Kambham mettu, Khammam mettu.[3][6]

History[edit]

The present name of Khammam is said to have been derived from the name of the temple "Narsimhadri," later "Stamba Sikhari," and then it was called "Stambadhri," which has the ancient temple of Narasimha Swamy on its top. This temple is believed to have been existing since Treta Yuga. The vertical rock under the temple is known as 'KAMBA' which literally means pillar. The name of the town Khammam has been derived from "Kambam Mettu" to "Kammammet" or "Khammam Mettu" to the present "Khammam city." The district is also named as Khammam. On the other hand, the historical records show that the name was "Kammamet."[7][8][9][10][11][12]

The City is located on the banks of a river called Munneru which is a tributary of the Krishna River. Khammam district has a lot of historical importance in Telangana.

Khammam City, which was the seat of Taluk Administration, was part of the larger Warangal District, until 1 October 1953. Five taluks of the Warangal district viz., Khammam, Madhira, Yellandu, Burgampadu and Paloncha (now Kothagudem) were carved out and a new district Khammam with Khammam as District Headquarters. In 1959 Bhadrachalam Revenue Division consisting Bhadrachalam and Nuguru Venkatapuram Taluks of East Godawari district, which were on the other side of the river Godavari were merged into Khammam on grounds of geographical contiguity and administrative viability.

In 1973 a new taluk with Sathupalli as headquarters was formed carving out from Madhira and Kothagudem taluks. In the year 1976 four new taluks were formed viz., Tirumalayapalem, Sudimalla, Aswaraopeta and Khammam district was initially a part of larger Warangal District.

History of Khammam shows that it has produced a number of leaders who were part of the Freedom struggle, such as first generation Communist leaders Peravelli Venkata Ramanaiah, Pendyala Satyanarayana Rao, Sarvadevabhatla Ramanatham, K.L.Narsimha Rao, and Chirravuri Laxminarasaiah First Municipal Chairman of Khammam; Congress leaders Madapati Hanumantha Rao, Chepuri Nenkanna, Madapati Ramchander Rao, Sardar Jamalpuram Keshava Rao,Bommakanti Satyanarayana Rao, Hayagreeva Chary, and Nizam Rashtra Vimochanam Jalagam Vengala Rao, former Chief Minister of AP, Prof. K. Venkata Ramiah, Founder and Vice-Chancellor of KU.

Freedom movement[edit]

Some of the notable events in Khammam town during freedom struggle .

  • 1931 – First Independence movement in Khammam proper
  • 1935 – First Library established in Khammam town
  • 1945 – 12th State Andhra Mahasabha meeting at Khammam organised by Pendyala Satya Narayana Rao as general secretary, Aahvana sangham. Elected Baddam Ellareddy as president and Pendyala Satya Narayana Rao as vice-president to 13th State Andhra Mahasabha in that meeting. The meeting was held on March 26,27 and 28th. Puchala-pally Sundaraiah participated in the meeting as guest.Nearly 40,000 people attended the meeting.
  • 1946 – Mahathma Gandhi's visit to Khammam mett (Khammam town) on 5 August 1946
  • 1947 August, 7 – Satyagraham at Madhira and Khammam by Jamalapuram Kesava Rao, Kurapati Venkata Raju, Vattikonda Ramakotaiah, Heeralal Moriya, Teegala Hanumantha Rao, Kolipaka Kishan Rao, Gella Keshava Rao, Yadavalli Venkateswara Sharma,Pullabhotla Venkateswarlu (Hyderabad congress present),Vutukuru Kamala (Freedom Fighter – Telangana Vimochana)

Geography[edit]

Left:North of Khammam town as seen from Narasimha Swamy hill, Right:South of Khammam town as seen from Narasimha Swamy hill

Topography[edit]

Khammam is located at 17°15′N 80°09′E / 17.25°N 80.15°E / 17.25; 80.15.[13] It has an average elevation of 107 metres (351 feet).

Climate[edit]

Climate for Khammam Average Weather in Khammam for January Sunlight 9 hours a day Coldest January temperature 12 °C Coldest daily temperature 16 °C Warmest daily temperature 28 °C Warmest January temperature 38 °C Discomfort* Moderate Morning Humidity 76% Evening Humidity 45% Rain in January 4 mm

Average Weather in Khammam for February Sunlight 10 hours a day Coldest February temperature 15 °C Coldest daily temperature 19 °C Warmest daily temperature 29 °C Warmest February temperature 40 °C Discomfort* Moderate Morning Humidity 67% Evening Humidity 39% Rain in February 9 mm Wet days for February 1 days

Khammam experiences typical Indian climatic conditions. Summer season is hot and the temperatures can climb rapidly during the day. Monsoon season brings certain amount of rainfall and the temperatures gradually reduce during this period. After the onset of the monsoon day temperatures are much lower and as the winter approaches they reduce further.

Summer season is from March and lasts till the end of May. During this time day temperatures are high and can reach 40 °C to 42 °C. Humidity is low as it is not located near the ocean. Conditions are generally dry during this period and the temperatures range from a minimum of 35 °C and can rise up to a maximum of 40  °C to 45 °C. Monsoon season brings much needed relief from the heat. Monsoon seasons are from the months of June to September. Temperatures average around 30 °C during this period. The place gets rain from the South West Monsoon. Some amount of rainfall can be experienced in the October as well. Winter season is from December to February. January is usually the coldest parts of the year. Temperatures range around 28 °C to 34 °C during this time.

  • Winter: December To February
  • Summer: March to June
  • South West Monsoons  – July to September
  • North East Monsoons  – October to November

Rain storms and cyclones are common in the region during the rainy season, which starts with the monsoons in early June. The cyclones could occur any time of the year, but commonly between August and November.

Climate data for Khammam(1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.6
(87.1)
32.4
(90.3)
34.6
(94.3)
36.6
(97.9)
39.7
(103.5)
38.3
(100.9)
35.8
(96.4)
35.0
(95)
34.9
(94.8)
33.0
(91.4)
31.3
(88.3)
30.6
(87.1)
34.4
(93.9)
Average low °C (°F) 20.2
(68.4)
21.8
(71.2)
24.0
(75.2)
26.3
(79.3)
28.0
(82.4)
28.2
(82.8)
26.9
(80.4)
26.5
(79.7)
26.0
(78.8)
24.8
(76.6)
22.5
(72.5)
20.6
(69.1)
24.7
(76.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18.7
(0.736)
4.1
(0.161)
18.3
(0.72)
12.9
(0.508)
68.5
(2.697)
61.0
(2.402)
108.3
(4.264)
115.5
(4.547)
148.0
(5.827)
247.0
(9.724)
175.1
(6.894)
31.5
(1.24)
1,009
(39.724)
Average precipitation days 0.8 0.9 0.5 0.5 2.4 3.6 6.5 7.3 6.8 8.8 5.8 1.8 45.6
Source: India Meteorological Department[14]

During the 2015 India heat wave, Khammam experienced a maximum temperature of 48 °C (118 °F).[15][16]

Floods[edit]

Munneru river in Khammam

Khammam has been receiving higher annual rainfall than the rest of state. The annual rain fall is 175 centimetres (69 in) during the monsoon season. Khammam was also affected by the floods of Munneru, the tributary of Krishna River. In 2007, the floods stuck by the River drowned the Bokkalagadda with the heavy 3-day rain. Again in 2009, floods stuck and drowned the area again. Proposal was also there for the construction of barricade here.Food Corporation of India storage centres in Khammam releases food for the flood victims regularly[citation needed].

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 census, the city had a population of 305,000. The total population constitute, 91,019 males and 93,233 females —a sex ratio of 1025 females per 1000 males. 17,131 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 8,876 are boys and 8,255 are girls —a ratio of 1075 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 81.70% with 136,532 literates, significantly higher than the state average of 67.41%.[17][18]

Governance[edit]

Civic administration


Khammam Municipal Corporation is the civic body of the city. Khammam is one of the Historical City of Telangana, having nearly 1000 years of traceable History. It is the headquarters town of the District Khammam and emerged as Municipal Corporation, with an extent of 94.37 km2. The town was constituted into a Municipality on 24 March 1942 and upgraded as special grade Municipality in the year 2001.. Administratively Khammam is divided into 11 revenue wards with 41 Election wards. On October 19, 2012 Khammam municipality has been announced as Municipal Corporation, adding 9 GramPanchayats around it which developed in business with the town.Presently Khammam has 20 revenues wards and 50 election divisions.

Culture[edit]

Bhakta Ramadasu Kala Kshetram,[19] has been a prestigious National theatre, constructed by the Government of Andhra Pradesh in the name of Sri. Bhakta Ramadasu ( Kancherla Gopanna )[20] was devotee of Sri Rama and composer of carnatic music.

Cityscape[edit]

Landmarks

Khammam Fort, constructed in 950 AD by the Kakatiya Dynasty, is on a hill overlooking the town. Lakaram lake, Khammam city is another tourist attraction.[21] Apart from these there are many places surrounding the town namely Bhadrachalam, Parnasala, Nelakondapalli, Kusumanchi etc.

Transport[edit]

Entrance to Khammam Station

The city is connected to major cities and towns by means of road and railways. National and state highways that pass through the city are National Highway 365A, State Highway 3 and 42. TSRTC operates buses to various destinations from Khammam bus station of the city.[22] Khammam railway station provides rail connectivity to the city, located on the Kazipet–Vijayawada section of New Delhi-Chennai main line. It is administered under Secunderabad railway division of the South Central Railway zone.

Education[edit]

There are various pharmacy colleges, and MBA, MCA, engineering colleges like Swarna Bharathi Institute of Science and Technology around Khammam city. Mamata Medical College which is also a teaching hospital located in the city.SR & BGNR Degree and KMDC Degree & PG College also conducts archaeological research on megalithic sites. For competitive exams like groups, police, teacher jobs Right Choice IAS academy is the famous coaching centre in entire khammam dist.[23][24]

Media[edit]

The major Telugu newspapers in city are Namaste Telangana, Sakshi, Eenadu, Andhra Bhoomi, Andhra Prabha, Vaartha, Suryaa, Prajasakti and Vishalandra. The major English newspapers in the city are The Hindu, The Times of India, Deccan Chronicle, The Hindu Business Line, The New Indian Express and The Hans India. Electronic Media include HMTV, ETV and Sakshi.

Sports[edit]

  • Sardar Patel Stadium[25] – A stadium with all amenities including sports complex, indoor stadium, swimming pool, cricket net, skating rink, volleyball, basketball and tennis courts. There is a running track around the football pitch.
  • Pavilion Grounds By Khammam Municipal Corporation
  • SR & BGNR Grounds

Festivals

Festivals in the city include, a floral festival of Bathukamma being celebrated by women of the city, worshiping the goddess with different flowers for nine days.[26] The women carry their Bathukamma to the nearest temple of their locality, then they clap, sing and dance rhythmically around the Bathukamma.[27] Along with Bathukamma, Bonalu is also declared as a state festival on 15 June 2014.[28]

Cuisine

The cuisine of the city is mainly of South Indian dishes. The breakfast items include Idli, Dosa, Vada, and Puri. Rice with variety of curries including curd is taken as main food and the most notable one is the Biryani. Special food items Harees and Haleem are traditional food items available in the season of Ramadan.[29]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Basic Information". Official website of Khammam Municipal Corporation. Retrieved 18 February 2016. 
  2. ^ "District Codes". Government of Telangana Transport Department. Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Khammam". Telangana state portal. Retrieved 15 June 2015. 
  4. ^ "Krishna District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. p. 145. Retrieved 21 February 2016. 
  5. ^ "Khammam Municipality upgraded". The Hindu. 2012-10-20. Retrieved 2013-11-17. 
  6. ^ Prof K Vijaya Babu; Jayaprakashnarayana Gade (2014). Tourism in India. Zenon Academic Publishing. p. 126. ISBN 978-81-926819-7-9. Retrieved 21 February 2016. 
  7. ^ A Descriptive and Historical Account of the Godavery District in the Presidencyof Madras, H. Morris, 1878, London, p. 216
  8. ^ A manual of the Kistna district in the presidency of Madras, Gordon Mackenzie, 1883, Madras, p. 25, 80
  9. ^ Buddhist remains in Āndhra and the history of Āndhra between 224 & 610 A.D., K. R. Subramanian, p. 149
  10. ^ A Handbook for India, Part I, Madras, John Murray, 1859, London
  11. ^ The Geography of India, J. Burgess, 1871, London, p. 48
  12. ^ The Church Missionary Intelligencer,Volume 2,1866, London, p. 73
  13. ^ "redirect to /world/IN/02/Khammam.html". 
  14. ^ "Khammam Climatological Table Period: 1981–2010". India Meteorological Department. Retrieved 31 January 2016. [dead link]
  15. ^ "Heatwave sweeps across India, 335 people dead". The Times of India. 24 May 2015. Retrieved 24 May 2015. 
  16. ^ "Hundreds Are Dying in a Blistering Heat Wave Sweeping Across India". Time. 25 May 2015. Retrieved 25 May 2015. 
  17. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011 Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 7 July 2014. 
  18. ^ "Literacy of AP (Census 2011)" (PDF). Official Portal of Andhra Pradesh Government. p. 43. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 5 September 2014. 
  19. ^ "Bhaktha Ramdas Kalakeshthram,Photo-India". Ugo.cn. Retrieved 2013-11-17. 
  20. ^ Kancherla Gopanna
  21. ^ "Lakaram lake". Andhra Pradesh Tourism. Archived from the original on 30 October 2013. 
  22. ^ "Bus Stations". TSRTC. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  23. ^ Staff Reporter. "Brochure on megalithic sites in Khammam". The Hindu. 
  24. ^ P. Sridhar. "Impetus for heritage conservation mission". The Hindu. 
  25. ^ "Welcome to Sports Authority of Andhra Pradesh (S A A P)". Saap.in. Retrieved 2013-11-17. 
  26. ^ Special Correspondent. "Bathukamma: Festivities in the air". The Hindu. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  27. ^ Gollapudi Srinivasa Rao. "Bathukamma festivities to begin from Sept. 24". The Hindu. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  28. ^ "Bonalu, Bathukamma declared state festivals". The Times of India. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  29. ^ "City Of Khammam » Harees popular than Haleem in Khammam". City Of Khammam. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 

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