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Round The Streets of Kirkwall
Round The Streets of Kirkwall
Published: 2010/08/31
Channel: James Thornton
Welcome to Kirkwall!
Welcome to Kirkwall!
Published: 2015/06/07
Channel: Valerie Prince
What a spectacular landing!! Flybe SAAB 340 landing at Kirkwall Airport, Orkney
What a spectacular landing!! Flybe SAAB 340 landing at Kirkwall Airport, Orkney
Published: 2013/11/04
Channel: Tufan Sevincel
Dragon Age: Kirkwall Coffee - Ep 1 (Modern AU)
Dragon Age: Kirkwall Coffee - Ep 1 (Modern AU)
Published: 2017/08/14
Channel: NyxRising Industries
New Kirkwall Grammar School Orkney December 2013
New Kirkwall Grammar School Orkney December 2013
Published: 2013/12/15
Channel: havley
Kirkwall, Orkney Islands
Kirkwall, Orkney Islands
Published: 2016/12/06
Channel: Mark & Sylvia
Car drive between Tingwall and Kirkwall, Orkney
Car drive between Tingwall and Kirkwall, Orkney
Published: 2014/07/10
Channel: KayleighT49
MSC Landausflug Kirkwall - Großbritannien
MSC Landausflug Kirkwall - Großbritannien
Published: 2014/09/16
Channel: MSCCruisesOfficial
Eastern Airways/Flybe Full Flight: Aberdeen to Kirkwall, Orkney - BAe Jetstream 41 (with ATC)
Eastern Airways/Flybe Full Flight: Aberdeen to Kirkwall, Orkney - BAe Jetstream 41 (with ATC)
Published: 2017/12/15
Channel: inflight Video
The Orkney Kirkwall Islands
The Orkney Kirkwall Islands
Published: 2009/05/30
Channel: angelchrish
Kirkwall Ba
Kirkwall Ba
Published: 2007/03/04
Channel: doonielads
Riding of the Marches kirkwall orkney
Riding of the Marches kirkwall orkney
Published: 2008/08/12
Channel: havley
Kirkwall Boys Ba New Year 2017
Kirkwall Boys Ba New Year 2017
Published: 2017/01/03
Channel: Kirk Green
Kirkwall - A Run Through The Toon - Orkney Islands
Kirkwall - A Run Through The Toon - Orkney Islands
Published: 2016/06/04
Channel: Airpro Media
Mark Steel
Mark Steel's In Kirkwall
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: trogwallaby
A drive from the Westray ferry through the narrow street of Kirkwall, Orkney
A drive from the Westray ferry through the narrow street of Kirkwall, Orkney
Published: 2010/07/09
Channel: go2orkney
Kirkwall - St Magnus Cathedral
Kirkwall - St Magnus Cathedral
Published: 2014/05/20
Channel: Krzysztof Mordasiewicz
Scotland port of Kirkwall
Scotland port of Kirkwall
Published: 2017/09/05
Channel: Ivaylo Petrov
Kirkwall, Orkney Islands
Kirkwall, Orkney Islands
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: Cindy Zamirowski
Tesco Kirkwall Christmas Video
Tesco Kirkwall Christmas Video
Published: 2013/12/15
Channel: Anna Eunson
AIDA Luna Highlights am Polarkreis 2017 Kirkwall
AIDA Luna Highlights am Polarkreis 2017 Kirkwall
Published: 2017/11/25
Channel: mycruise pictures
Kirkwall - Bagpipe Farewell Show (with MSC Preziosa)
Kirkwall - Bagpipe Farewell Show (with MSC Preziosa)
Published: 2017/09/15
Channel: CarLuz TravelVideos
{Codex-DA2} The Enigma of Kirkwall
{Codex-DA2} The Enigma of Kirkwall
Published: 2017/07/22
Channel: Ghil Dirthalen
Old Photographs Kirkwall Orkney Islands Scotland
Old Photographs Kirkwall Orkney Islands Scotland
Published: 2017/01/05
Channel: tourscotland
Christmas Ba
Christmas Ba' Day - Kirkwall Orkney 2015 ( Man group )
Published: 2015/12/27
Channel: Mary Corn
Female Loganair Pilot is taking off from Kirkwall Airport, ORKNEY.Watch HD and full screen
Female Loganair Pilot is taking off from Kirkwall Airport, ORKNEY.Watch HD and full screen
Published: 2013/11/02
Channel: Tufan Sevincel
Dragon Age 2 Soundtrack - Kirkwall Nights
Dragon Age 2 Soundtrack - Kirkwall Nights
Published: 2011/03/09
Channel: Lona90Bs
Places to see in ( Kirkwall - UK )
Places to see in ( Kirkwall - UK )
Published: 2017/07/14
Channel: Places to see in
Loganair Full Flight Trip Report: Kirkwall to Papa Westray/Westray - BN2B Islander (with ATC)
Loganair Full Flight Trip Report: Kirkwall to Papa Westray/Westray - BN2B Islander (with ATC)
Published: 2017/12/22
Channel: inflight Video
Dragon Age: Inquisition - Meeting Hawke the Champion of Kirkwall
Dragon Age: Inquisition - Meeting Hawke the Champion of Kirkwall
Published: 2014/11/20
Channel: Video Game Sophistry
Flybe by Loganair | Saab 340 | Glasgow to Kirkwall | Full Flight
Flybe by Loganair | Saab 340 | Glasgow to Kirkwall | Full Flight
Published: 2016/03/02
Channel: SOPLANE
Your Kirkwall
Your Kirkwall
Published: 2017/11/01
Channel: PlanningAidScotland
UK 2012 - Kirkwall, Orkney Islands, Scotland (May 20, 21)
UK 2012 - Kirkwall, Orkney Islands, Scotland (May 20, 21)
Published: 2017/04/26
Channel: Michael Dalton
Kirk Wall The Fall Guy
Kirk Wall The Fall Guy
Published: 2011/08/05
Channel: Grace Wall
Amazing scenery of Orkney, Kirkwall to Papa Westray Loganair, Britten Norman Islander  Full Flight
Amazing scenery of Orkney, Kirkwall to Papa Westray Loganair, Britten Norman Islander Full Flight
Published: 2013/11/17
Channel: Tufan Sevincel
Dragon Age INQUISITION ► Meeting Hawke - Sarcastic! Champion of Kirkwall from Dragon Age 2 - Part 52
Dragon Age INQUISITION ► Meeting Hawke - Sarcastic! Champion of Kirkwall from Dragon Age 2 - Part 52
Published: 2014/11/26
Channel: xLetalis
Landing, Kirkwall
Landing, Kirkwall
Published: 2011/10/17
Channel: thackary
Flybe saab 340 landing at Kirkwall airport
Flybe saab 340 landing at Kirkwall airport
Published: 2011/10/29
Channel: Neil Flounders
KIRKWALL in ORKNEY
KIRKWALL in ORKNEY
Published: 2015/12/12
Channel: James Thornton
Landing in Kirkwall - last minute
Landing in Kirkwall - last minute
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: Kudu Travel
Kirkwall • Mainland • Orkney Islands
Kirkwall • Mainland • Orkney Islands
Published: 2011/03/25
Channel: Viajes y Lugares
Dragon Age 2: (Nightmare) Walkthrough Part 2 - Kirkwall (1440p/60fps) No Commentary!
Dragon Age 2: (Nightmare) Walkthrough Part 2 - Kirkwall (1440p/60fps) No Commentary!
Published: 2016/10/08
Channel: Spectre Walkthroughs
Battle of Jutland Centenary Commemorations, Kirkwall, Orkney 2016
Battle of Jutland Centenary Commemorations, Kirkwall, Orkney 2016
Published: 2016/11/20
Channel: knugdale
Orkney Air-Show at Kirkwall (Grimsetter) Airport 1979
Orkney Air-Show at Kirkwall (Grimsetter) Airport 1979
Published: 2011/12/03
Channel: Jackie Shearer
Let
Let's Play Dragon Age 2 - Part 5: Getting Into Kirkwall
Published: 2011/03/08
Channel: Toegoff
KIRKWALL BAY IN ORKNEY
KIRKWALL BAY IN ORKNEY
Published: 2012/04/05
Channel: James Thornton
Kirkwall City Pipe Band - Caledonia
Kirkwall City Pipe Band - Caledonia
Published: 2014/05/21
Channel: singemajeep
Dragon Age Inquisition ► Varric Becomes Viscount of Kirkwall - TRESPASSER DLC
Dragon Age Inquisition ► Varric Becomes Viscount of Kirkwall - TRESPASSER DLC
Published: 2015/09/08
Channel: xLetalis
First Minister opens new Kirkwall school
First Minister opens new Kirkwall school
Published: 2014/06/17
Channel: Scottish Government
The Kirkwall ba
The Kirkwall ba' 1939
Published: 2007/12/20
Channel: National Library of Scotland
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Kirkwall
Kirkwall Harbour.jpg
Kirkwall Harbour in August 2014
Kirkwall is located in Orkney Islands
Kirkwall
Kirkwall
Kirkwall shown within Orkney
Population 9,293 [2]
OS grid reference HY449109
Council area
Lieutenancy area
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Kirkwall
Postcode district KW15
Dialling code 01856
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
58°58′52″N 2°57′36″W / 58.981°N 2.960°W / 58.981; -2.960Coordinates: 58°58′52″N 2°57′36″W / 58.981°N 2.960°W / 58.981; -2.960

Kirkwall is the largest settlement and capital of Orkney, an archipelago in the north of Scotland, as well as the most populous island settlement in Scotland. The city is first mentioned in Orkneyinga saga in the year 1046 when it is recorded as the residence of Rögnvald Brusason the Earl of Orkney, who was killed by his uncle Thorfinn the Mighty. In 1486, King James III of Scotland elevated Kirkwall to the status of a royal burgh; modern roadsigns still indicate "The City and Royal Burgh of Kirkwall".

The name Kirkwall comes from the Norse name Kirkjuvagr (Church Bay), which later changed to Kirkvoe, Kirkwaa and Kirkwall.

Overview[edit]

Kirkwall Town Hall exterior
St. Magnus Cathedral dominates the Kirkwall skyline
Kirkwall in relation to the rest of the Mainland

Situated on the northern coast of Mainland Orkney and with a population of about 10,000 (2017), Kirkwall is a port with ferry services to Aberdeen and Lerwick, as well as the principal north islands in the group. At the heart of the town stands St. Magnus Cathedral, which was founded in memory of Saint Magnus Erlendsson, Earl of Orkney 1108–1117 by Earl (later Saint) Rögnvald Kali. Next to the Cathedral are the ruins of the former Bishop's Palace and Earl's Palace. The town has two museums, the larger being Tankerness House Museum, which contains items of local historical interest within one of Scotland's best-preserved sixteenth-century town-houses. The prehistoric, Pictish and Viking collections are of international importance. The other museum is the Orkney Wireless Museum, dealing with the history of radio and recorded sound.

Broad Street in Kirkwall

Apart from the main historical buildings mentioned above, Kirkwall has many 17th–18th-century houses and other structures in the local vernacular style. The 'Kirk' of Kirkwall was not the Cathedral (which was originally at Birsay), but the 11th-century church of Saint Olaf of Norway. One late medieval doorway survives from this church, and an aumbry from the original church survives within the late 19th-century structure of the present-day Saint Olaf's Church (Episcopal) in the town's Dundas Crescent. Kirkwall also once had a medieval castle, which was destroyed in the 17th century.

On the west edge of the town, surrounded by Hatston Industrial Estate, is a prehistoric ancient monument, Grain Earth House (Historic Scotland), a short low stone-walled passage deep underground leading to a small pillared chamber. This is the form of earth house or souterrain characteristic of the Northern Isles (although Grain is unusually deep below ground). It was originally connected to a surface dwelling, which has since disappeared, and the original purpose of these Iron Age structures remains unknown. Further west towards Grimbister is the similar Rennibister Earth House.

One of the major annual events in the town is the Ba Game, held each Christmas Day and New Year's Day between the Uppies and the Doonies, each team representing one half of the town. Kirkwall also has the most northerly of the world's Carnegie libraries, which was opened by Andrew Carnegie and his wife in 1909. The building survives, although the library has since moved to a larger building on Junction Road.

Climate[edit]

As with the rest of Scotland, Kirkwall experiences a maritime climate with cool summers, mild winters, often strong winds, plentiful rainfall, frequently overcast skies and sparse amounts of sunshine.

Climate data for Kirkwall, 26m asl, 1981–2010, Extremes 1951–
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.2
(54)
12.8
(55)
18.9
(66)
18.3
(64.9)
22.0
(71.6)
22.8
(73)
25.6
(78.1)
24.8
(76.6)
22.8
(73)
19.4
(66.9)
14.5
(58.1)
12.8
(55)
25.6
(78.1)
Average high °C (°F) 6.4
(43.5)
6.4
(43.5)
7.6
(45.7)
9.5
(49.1)
12.0
(53.6)
14.0
(57.2)
15.9
(60.6)
16.0
(60.8)
14.1
(57.4)
11.4
(52.5)
8.6
(47.5)
6.8
(44.2)
10.7
(51.3)
Average low °C (°F) 1.9
(35.4)
1.7
(35.1)
2.4
(36.3)
3.8
(38.8)
5.6
(42.1)
8.1
(46.6)
10.2
(50.4)
10.3
(50.5)
8.8
(47.8)
6.7
(44.1)
4.2
(39.6)
2.3
(36.1)
5.5
(41.9)
Record low °C (°F) −7.8
(18)
−7
(19)
−6.8
(19.8)
−4.9
(23.2)
−2.1
(28.2)
1.0
(33.8)
3.4
(38.1)
3.7
(38.7)
0.5
(32.9)
−1.6
(29.1)
−5.5
(22.1)
−7.6
(18.3)
−7.8
(18)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 109.7
(4.319)
93.3
(3.673)
95.7
(3.768)
60.3
(2.374)
48.0
(1.89)
52.7
(2.075)
57.4
(2.26)
66.3
(2.61)
95.3
(3.752)
126.0
(4.961)
126.0
(4.961)
107.8
(4.244)
1,038.5
(40.886)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 20.1 16.8 17.9 13.4 10.6 10.7 11.6 12.5 16.2 19.6 20.8 18.5 188.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 32.2 59.3 98.2 136.8 190.0 148.6 132.2 129.7 105.3 75.8 40.1 24.5 1,172.4
Source #1: Met Office[3]
Source #2: Royal Dutch Meteorological Institute/KMNI[4]

Parliamentary burgh[edit]

Kirkwall was a parliamentary burgh, combined with Dingwall, Dornoch, Tain and Wick in the Northern Burghs constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1708 to 1801 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1918. Cromarty was added to the list in 1832. The constituency was a district of burghs known also as the Tain Burghs until 1832, and then as the Wick Burghs. It was represented by one Member of Parliament until 1918, when the constituency was abolished and the Kirkwall component was merged into the county constituency of Orkney and Shetland.

Education and culture[edit]

The Orkney Library and Archive is in Kirkwall.

Orkney Library and Archive, Kirkwall

Media and the arts[edit]

The composer Peter Maxwell Davies was among a group which founded the annual St Magnus International Festival which is centred on Kirkwall each midsummer.[5]

Kirkwall Harbour can be seen in The Highlands and Islands – A Royal Tour, a 1973 documentary about Prince Charles' visit to the Highlands and Islands, directed by Oscar Marzaroli.[6] Scottish film-maker Margaret Tait was born in Kirkwall, and many of her films (in particular the Aspects Of Kirkwall series) are set there.

The Simpsons character Groundskeeper Willie is said to be from Kirkwall.[7]

Cruise ship destination[edit]

After extensive work on harbour facilities, the town has become a popular cruise ship stop, with several ships arriving each week in the season. This has added to the prosperity of the town and allowed a thriving sector of independently owned shops.

Each year now, 140 cruise ships visit Kirkwall and Stromness.[8]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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