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Round The Streets of Kirkwall
Round The Streets of Kirkwall
Published: 2010/08/31
Channel: James Thornton
Welcome to Kirkwall!
Welcome to Kirkwall!
Published: 2015/06/07
Channel: Valerie Prince
Kirkwall Boys Ba New Year 2017
Kirkwall Boys Ba New Year 2017
Published: 2017/01/03
Channel: Kirk Green
What a spectacular landing!! Flybe SAAB 340 landing at Kirkwall Airport, Orkney
What a spectacular landing!! Flybe SAAB 340 landing at Kirkwall Airport, Orkney
Published: 2013/11/04
Channel: Tufan Sevincel
Christmas Ba
Christmas Ba' Day - Kirkwall Orkney 2015 ( Man group )
Published: 2015/12/27
Channel: Mary Corn
Mark Steel
Mark Steel's In Kirkwall
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: trogwallaby
Kirk Wall The Fall Guy
Kirk Wall The Fall Guy
Published: 2011/08/05
Channel: Grace Wall
Kirkwall Nights - Dragon Age 2 Soundtrack
Kirkwall Nights - Dragon Age 2 Soundtrack
Published: 2011/03/09
Channel: allaboutVGmusic
Kirkwall - A Run Through The Toon - Orkney Islands
Kirkwall - A Run Through The Toon - Orkney Islands
Published: 2016/06/04
Channel: Airpro Media
The Orkney Kirkwall Islands
The Orkney Kirkwall Islands
Published: 2009/05/30
Channel: angelchrish
Kirkwall Orkney Islands
Kirkwall Orkney Islands
Published: 2008/11/02
Channel: Peter Davies
Kirkwall Ba
Kirkwall Ba
Published: 2007/03/04
Channel: doonielads
JUNE 20, 2016 | DISNEY CRUISE DAY 4: KIRKWALL, SCOTLAND
JUNE 20, 2016 | DISNEY CRUISE DAY 4: KIRKWALL, SCOTLAND
Published: 2016/06/29
Channel: Sarah & Kori
Kirkwall - Orkney Islands - (Escócia) - Msc Magnifíca
Kirkwall - Orkney Islands - (Escócia) - Msc Magnifíca
Published: 2014/09/02
Channel: Roberto Correa
MSC Landausflug Kirkwall - Großbritannien
MSC Landausflug Kirkwall - Großbritannien
Published: 2014/09/16
Channel: MSCCruisesOfficial
Kirkwall Old and New
Kirkwall Old and New
Published: 2014/04/20
Channel: James Thornton
Kirkwall, Orkney Islands
Kirkwall, Orkney Islands
Published: 2016/12/06
Channel: cruiseprofessionals.nl
Scottish Independence Referendum Debate Kirkwall
Scottish Independence Referendum Debate Kirkwall
Published: 2014/04/16
Channel: twkpl
Dragon Age: Inquisition - Trespasser DLC - Varric the Viscount of Kirkwall
Dragon Age: Inquisition - Trespasser DLC - Varric the Viscount of Kirkwall
Published: 2015/09/09
Channel: FluffyNinjaLlama
Dragon Age: Inquisition - Helping Aveline repel Sebastian
Dragon Age: Inquisition - Helping Aveline repel Sebastian's attack on Kirkwall
Published: 2014/11/22
Channel: FluffyNinjaLlama
KIRKWALL in ORKNEY
KIRKWALL in ORKNEY
Published: 2015/12/12
Channel: James Thornton
The Kirkwall Scroll: Freemasonry´s link to the Knights Templar
The Kirkwall Scroll: Freemasonry´s link to the Knights Templar
Published: 2011/09/15
Channel: TheMounteBankExposee
Female Loganair Pilot is taking off from Kirkwall Airport, ORKNEY.Watch HD and full screen
Female Loganair Pilot is taking off from Kirkwall Airport, ORKNEY.Watch HD and full screen
Published: 2013/11/02
Channel: Tufan Sevincel
Kirkwall Bay: sung by Alex Pollock
Kirkwall Bay: sung by Alex Pollock
Published: 2008/01/16
Channel: bigmanio
Dragon Age Inquisition - Varric about sea travel from Kirkwall
Dragon Age Inquisition - Varric about sea travel from Kirkwall
Published: 2015/03/15
Channel: FluffyNinjaLlama
Dragon Age INQUISITION ► Meeting Hawke - Sarcastic! Champion of Kirkwall from Dragon Age 2 - Part 52
Dragon Age INQUISITION ► Meeting Hawke - Sarcastic! Champion of Kirkwall from Dragon Age 2 - Part 52
Published: 2014/11/26
Channel: xLetalis
Flybe saab 340 landing at Kirkwall airport
Flybe saab 340 landing at Kirkwall airport
Published: 2011/10/29
Channel: Neil Flounders
Dragon Age: Inquisition - Meeting Hawke the Champion of Kirkwall
Dragon Age: Inquisition - Meeting Hawke the Champion of Kirkwall
Published: 2014/11/20
Channel: Video Game Sophistry
KeepTurningLeft Season 8 part 10 Longhope,Hoy, Scapa, Stromness to Kirkwall
KeepTurningLeft Season 8 part 10 Longhope,Hoy, Scapa, Stromness to Kirkwall
Published: 2016/02/21
Channel: KeepTurningLeft
Kirkwall Boys Ba Christmas 2016 (part 1 of 3)
Kirkwall Boys Ba Christmas 2016 (part 1 of 3)
Published: 2016/12/27
Channel: Kirk Green
Aberdeen to Kirkwall Ferry - Gale Force 8
Aberdeen to Kirkwall Ferry - Gale Force 8
Published: 2015/05/04
Channel: Stephen Wilson
Flooding at Glaitness School, Kirkwall, Orkney
Flooding at Glaitness School, Kirkwall, Orkney
Published: 2012/12/23
Channel: JohnRoss Scott
Kirk Wall and The Prairie Dogs @ Shepherd
Kirk Wall and The Prairie Dogs @ Shepherd's Grove (2/26/17)
Published: 2017/02/27
Channel: eileen4disney
Bonnie Kirkwall Bay - George Garson
Bonnie Kirkwall Bay - George Garson
Published: 2012/05/18
Channel: Beryl Gillespie Simpson
Dragon Age 2 Soundtrack - Kirkwall Nights
Dragon Age 2 Soundtrack - Kirkwall Nights
Published: 2011/03/09
Channel: Lona90Bs
Kirkwall Bowling Club - LEADER funding
Kirkwall Bowling Club - LEADER funding
Published: 2016/08/01
Channel: OrkneyIslandsCouncil
Bishop and Earl
Bishop and Earl's Palace Kirkwall - Orkney, Scotland
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: ZigZag On Earth
"How Great Thou Art" - Kirk Wall and the Prairie Dogs
"How Great Thou Art" - Kirk Wall and the Prairie Dogs
Published: 2017/03/22
Channel: Hour of Power with Bobby Schuller
Old Photographs Kirkwall Orkney Islands Scotland
Old Photographs Kirkwall Orkney Islands Scotland
Published: 2017/01/05
Channel: tourscotland
Dragon Age Inquisition ► Varric Becomes Viscount of Kirkwall - TRESPASSER DLC
Dragon Age Inquisition ► Varric Becomes Viscount of Kirkwall - TRESPASSER DLC
Published: 2015/09/08
Channel: xLetalis
Dragon Age 2 Soundtrack - Kirkwall Arrival
Dragon Age 2 Soundtrack - Kirkwall Arrival
Published: 2011/03/10
Channel: Lona90Bs
Kirkwall Boys Ba Christmas 2015 (part 2 of 2)
Kirkwall Boys Ba Christmas 2015 (part 2 of 2)
Published: 2015/12/26
Channel: Kirk Green
5th dec 2013 weyland bay kirkwall Orkney
5th dec 2013 weyland bay kirkwall Orkney
Published: 2013/12/05
Channel: havley
Kirkwall Bay set
Kirkwall Bay set
Published: 2012/01/12
Channel: Redstarbrigade Skene
Aida Nordeuropa 10 Teil 1/4 Von Kiel nach Kirkwall in Schottland
Aida Nordeuropa 10 Teil 1/4 Von Kiel nach Kirkwall in Schottland
Published: 2015/07/12
Channel: iffis bilder
Dragon Age 2 Quick Walkthrough: Arriving at Kirkwall #2
Dragon Age 2 Quick Walkthrough: Arriving at Kirkwall #2
Published: 2014/11/03
Channel: xLetalis
Kirkwall Bay
Kirkwall Bay
Published: 2016/05/20
Channel: Neil Clark
Let
Let's Play Dragon Age 2 - Part 5: Getting Into Kirkwall
Published: 2011/03/08
Channel: Toegoff
Landing in Kirkwall, Orkney
Landing in Kirkwall, Orkney
Published: 2015/05/28
Channel: Roman Kirsch
Defending Reason From Idiots and Frauds - James Kirk Wall
Defending Reason From Idiots and Frauds - James Kirk Wall
Published: 2015/05/07
Channel: Mythicist Milwaukee
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Kirkwall
Broad road in Kirkwall in summer 2012 (2).JPG
Kirkwall in August 2012
Kirkwall is located in Orkney Islands
Kirkwall
Kirkwall
Kirkwall shown within Orkney
Population 9,293 [2]
OS grid reference HY449109
Council area
Lieutenancy area
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Kirkwall
Postcode district KW15
Dialling code 01856
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
58°58′52″N 2°57′36″W / 58.981°N 2.960°W / 58.981; -2.960Coordinates: 58°58′52″N 2°57′36″W / 58.981°N 2.960°W / 58.981; -2.960

Kirkwall is the largest town and capital of the Orkney Islands of Scotland. The town is first mentioned in Orkneyinga saga in the year 1046 when it is recorded as the residence of Rögnvald Brusason the Earl of Orkney, who was killed by his uncle Thorfinn the Mighty. In 1486, King James III of Scotland elevated Kirkwall to the status of a royal burgh; modern roadsigns still indicate "The City and Royal Burgh of Kirkwall".

The name Kirkwall comes from the Norse name Kirkjuvagr (Church Bay), which later changed to Kirkvoe, Kirkwaa and Kirkwall.

Overview[edit]

Kirkwall Town Hall exterior
Kirkwall in relation to the rest of the Mainland

Situated on the northern coast of Mainland Orkney and with a population of about 9,000, Kirkwall is a port with ferry services to Aberdeen and Lerwick, as well as the principal north islands in the group. At the heart of the town stands St. Magnus Cathedral, which was founded in memory of Saint Magnus Erlendsson, Earl of Orkney 1108–1117 by Earl (later Saint) Rögnvald Kali. Next to the Cathedral are the ruins of the former Bishop's Palace and Earl's Palace. The town has two museums, the larger being Tankerness House Museum, which contains items of local historical interest within one of Scotland's best-preserved sixteenth-century town-houses. The prehistoric, Pictish and Viking collections are of international importance. The other museum is the Orkney Wireless Museum, dealing with the history of radio and recorded sound.

St Olaf's Episcopal Church

Apart from the main historical buildings mentioned above, Kirkwall has many 17th–18th-century houses and other structures in the local vernacular style. The 'Kirk' of Kirkwall was not the Cathedral (which was originally at Birsay), but the 11th-century church of Saint Olaf of Norway. One late medieval doorway survives from this church, and an aumbry from the original church survives within the late 19th-century structure of the present-day Saint Olaf's Church (Episcopal) in the town's Dundas Crescent. Kirkwall also once had a medieval castle, which was destroyed in the 17th century.

On the west edge of the town, surrounded by Hatston Industrial Estate, is a prehistoric ancient monument, Grain Earth House (Historic Scotland), a short low stone-walled passage deep underground leading to a small pillared chamber. This is the form of earth house or souterrain characteristic of the Northern Isles (although Grain is unusually deep below ground). It was originally connected to a surface dwelling, which has since disappeared, and the original purpose of these Iron Age structures remains unknown. Further west towards Grimbister is the similar Rennibister Earth House.

One of the major annual events in the town is the Ba Game, held each Christmas Day and New Year's Day between the Uppies and the Doonies, each team representing one half of the town. Kirkwall also has the most northerly of the world's Carnegie libraries, which was opened by Andrew Carnegie and his wife in 1909. The building survives, although the library has since moved to a larger building on Junction Road.

Climate[edit]

As with the rest of Scotland, Kirkwall experiences a maritime climate with cool summers, mild winters, often strong winds, plentiful rainfall, frequently overcast skies and sparse amounts of sunshine.

Climate data for Kirkwall, 26m asl, 1981–2010, Extremes 1951–
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.2
(54)
12.8
(55)
18.9
(66)
18.3
(64.9)
22.0
(71.6)
22.8
(73)
25.6
(78.1)
24.8
(76.6)
22.8
(73)
19.4
(66.9)
14.5
(58.1)
12.8
(55)
25.6
(78.1)
Average high °C (°F) 6.4
(43.5)
6.4
(43.5)
7.6
(45.7)
9.5
(49.1)
12.0
(53.6)
14.0
(57.2)
15.9
(60.6)
16.0
(60.8)
14.1
(57.4)
11.4
(52.5)
8.6
(47.5)
6.8
(44.2)
10.7
(51.3)
Average low °C (°F) 1.9
(35.4)
1.7
(35.1)
2.4
(36.3)
3.8
(38.8)
5.6
(42.1)
8.1
(46.6)
10.2
(50.4)
10.3
(50.5)
8.8
(47.8)
6.7
(44.1)
4.2
(39.6)
2.3
(36.1)
5.5
(41.9)
Record low °C (°F) −7.8
(18)
−7
(19)
−6.8
(19.8)
−4.9
(23.2)
−2.1
(28.2)
1.0
(33.8)
3.4
(38.1)
3.7
(38.7)
0.5
(32.9)
−1.6
(29.1)
−5.5
(22.1)
−7.6
(18.3)
−7.8
(18)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 109.7
(4.319)
93.3
(3.673)
95.7
(3.768)
60.3
(2.374)
48.0
(1.89)
52.7
(2.075)
57.4
(2.26)
66.3
(2.61)
95.3
(3.752)
126.0
(4.961)
126.0
(4.961)
107.8
(4.244)
1,038.5
(40.886)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 20.1 16.8 17.9 13.4 10.6 10.7 11.6 12.5 16.2 19.6 20.8 18.5 188.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 32.2 59.3 98.2 136.8 190.0 148.6 132.2 129.7 105.3 75.8 40.1 24.5 1,172.4
Source #1: Met Office[3]
Source #2: Royal Dutch Meteorological Institute/KMNI[4]

Parliamentary burgh[edit]

Kirkwall was a parliamentary burgh, combined with Dingwall, Dornoch, Tain and Wick in the Northern Burghs constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1708 to 1801 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1918. Cromarty was added to the list in 1832. The constituency was a district of burghs known also as the Tain Burghs until 1832, and then as the Wick Burghs. It was represented by one Member of Parliament until 1918, when the constituency was abolished and the Kirkwall component was merged into the county constituency of Orkney and Shetland.

Education and culture[edit]

The Orkney Library and Archive is located in Kirkwall.

Children's books, Orkney Library and Archive, Kirkwall

Media and the arts[edit]

The composer Peter Maxwell Davies was among a group which founded the annual St Magnus International Festival which is centred on Kirkwall each midsummer.[5]

Kirkwall Harbour can be seen in The Highlands and Islands – A Royal Tour, a 1973 documentary about Prince Charles' visit to the Highlands and Islands, directed by Oscar Marzaroli.[6] Scottish film-maker Margaret Tait was born in Kirkwall, and many of her films (in particular the Aspects Of Kirkwall series) are set there.

The Simpsons character Groundskeeper Willie is said to be from Kirkwall.[7]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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