1
Round The Streets of Kirkwall
Round The Streets of Kirkwall
DATE: 2010/08/31::
2
Kirkwall Ba New Year
Kirkwall Ba New Year's Day 2014
DATE: 2014/01/06::
3
The Orkney Kirkwall Islands
The Orkney Kirkwall Islands
DATE: 2009/05/30::
4
Flybe saab 340 landing at Kirkwall airport
Flybe saab 340 landing at Kirkwall airport
DATE: 2011/10/29::
5
Kirk Wall The Fall Guy
Kirk Wall The Fall Guy
DATE: 2011/08/05::
6
Kirkwall Ba
Kirkwall Ba
DATE: 2007/03/04::
7
Kirkwall Ba
Kirkwall Ba' Game
DATE: 2008/11/20::
8
Kirkwall Bay: sung by Alex Pollock
Kirkwall Bay: sung by Alex Pollock
DATE: 2008/01/16::
9
Kirkwall Nights - Dragon Age 2 Soundtrack
Kirkwall Nights - Dragon Age 2 Soundtrack
DATE: 2011/03/08::
10
CSI: Kirkwall
CSI: Kirkwall
DATE: 2015/02/03::
11
James Kirk Wall debates Christopher Columbus on Fox 32 Chicago
James Kirk Wall debates Christopher Columbus on Fox 32 Chicago
DATE: 2013/10/20::
12
New Kirkwall Grammar School Orkney December 2013
New Kirkwall Grammar School Orkney December 2013
DATE: 2013/12/15::
13
Let
Let's Play Dragon Age 2 - Part 5: Getting Into Kirkwall
DATE: 2011/03/08::
14
Dragon Age 2 - Part 120: Champion of Kirkwall
Dragon Age 2 - Part 120: Champion of Kirkwall
DATE: 2011/05/03::
15
Kirkwall Boys Ba New Year 2015 (part 1 of 2)
Kirkwall Boys Ba New Year 2015 (part 1 of 2)
DATE: 2015/01/02::
16
BBC National DAB: Mark Steel
BBC National DAB: Mark Steel's In Town - Series 2 Ep 6 - Kirkwall - 2010-05-12
DATE: 2015/02/08::
17
Bonnie Kirkwall Bay
Bonnie Kirkwall Bay
DATE: 2014/11/20::
18
Scottish Independence Referendum Debate Kirkwall
Scottish Independence Referendum Debate Kirkwall
DATE: 2014/04/16::
19
Kirkwall, Orkney Scotland bar fight at Skippers
Kirkwall, Orkney Scotland bar fight at Skippers
DATE: 2012/05/20::
20
Kirkwall Marina
Kirkwall Marina
DATE: 2015/03/08::
21
Dragon Age: Inquisition - Meeting Hawke the Champion of Kirkwall
Dragon Age: Inquisition - Meeting Hawke the Champion of Kirkwall
DATE: 2014/11/20::
22
Caledonia - Kirkwall City Pipe Band
Caledonia - Kirkwall City Pipe Band
DATE: 2008/11/19::
23
Catching Up with Hawke: Anders Romance, Carver, Kirkwall (SPOILERS)
Catching Up with Hawke: Anders Romance, Carver, Kirkwall (SPOILERS)
DATE: 2014/11/17::
24
Fenris/Anders - Brokeback Kirkwall (Dragon Age 2)
Fenris/Anders - Brokeback Kirkwall (Dragon Age 2)
DATE: 2011/06/25::
25
What a spectacular landing!! Flybe SAAB 340 landing at Kirkwall Airport, Orkney
What a spectacular landing!! Flybe SAAB 340 landing at Kirkwall Airport, Orkney
DATE: 2013/11/04::
26
Dragon Age 2 Soundtrack - Kirkwall Arrival
Dragon Age 2 Soundtrack - Kirkwall Arrival
DATE: 2011/03/10::
27
Kirkwall - Orkney Islands - (Escócia) - Msc Magnifíca
Kirkwall - Orkney Islands - (Escócia) - Msc Magnifíca
DATE: 2014/09/01::
28
Kirkwall City Pipe Band 2013
Kirkwall City Pipe Band 2013
DATE: 2013/08/24::
29
Oil tank at the Kirkwall depot
Oil tank at the Kirkwall depot
DATE: 2015/02/25::
30
Dragon Age 2 Quick Walkthrough: Arriving at Kirkwall #2
Dragon Age 2 Quick Walkthrough: Arriving at Kirkwall #2
DATE: 2014/11/03::
31
The Kirkwall Scroll: Freemasonry´s link to the Knights Templar
The Kirkwall Scroll: Freemasonry´s link to the Knights Templar
DATE: 2011/09/15::
32
Kirkwall City Pipe Band - Caledonia
Kirkwall City Pipe Band - Caledonia
DATE: 2014/05/21::
33
Dragon Age 2 Walkthrough - Male Warrior - First Year in Kirkwall Part 1
Dragon Age 2 Walkthrough - Male Warrior - First Year in Kirkwall Part 1
DATE: 2011/03/09::
34
Dragon Age 2 Part 3: What Happens in Kirkwall...
Dragon Age 2 Part 3: What Happens in Kirkwall...
DATE: 2014/08/01::
35
Glenn Beck strikes back at James Kirk Wall over Rights
Glenn Beck strikes back at James Kirk Wall over Rights
DATE: 2013/10/31::
36
Dragon Age 2 -- Alistair in Kirkwall during qunari attack (non-King, romanced)
Dragon Age 2 -- Alistair in Kirkwall during qunari attack (non-King, romanced)
DATE: 2011/03/23::
37
Idlewild -
Idlewild - 'Remote Part' acoustic in Kirkwall
DATE: 2014/10/14::
38
Dragon Age 2 - CSI: Kirkwall
Dragon Age 2 - CSI: Kirkwall
DATE: 2011/10/20::
39
First Minister opens new Kirkwall school
First Minister opens new Kirkwall school
DATE: 2014/06/17::
40
19 - Dragon Age II Score - Kirkwall Nights (Extended)
19 - Dragon Age II Score - Kirkwall Nights (Extended)
DATE: 2012/09/10::
41
Kirkwall weirdness - www.keepturningleft.co.uk
Kirkwall weirdness - www.keepturningleft.co.uk
DATE: 2014/08/04::
42
Dragon Age INQUISITION ► Meeting Hawke - Sarcastic! Champion of Kirkwall from Dragon Age 2 - Part 52
Dragon Age INQUISITION ► Meeting Hawke - Sarcastic! Champion of Kirkwall from Dragon Age 2 - Part 52
DATE: 2014/11/26::
43
Dawn of the Seeker mentions Kirkwall
Dawn of the Seeker mentions Kirkwall
DATE: 2012/08/18::
44
Kirkwall - Scotland (May 2012)
Kirkwall - Scotland (May 2012)
DATE: 2012/07/11::
45
James Kirk Wall Interviews Mythicist Milwaukee
James Kirk Wall Interviews Mythicist Milwaukee
DATE: 2015/01/09::
46
Kirkwall Boys Ba Christmas 2014 (part 3 of 3)
Kirkwall Boys Ba Christmas 2014 (part 3 of 3)
DATE: 2014/12/26::
47
CSI: Kirkwall
CSI: Kirkwall
DATE: 2011/10/12::
48
Dragon Age Inquisition - Varric about sea travel from Kirkwall
Dragon Age Inquisition - Varric about sea travel from Kirkwall
DATE: 2015/03/15::
49
Kirk Wall and the Hillbillies at The OC Marketplace
Kirk Wall and the Hillbillies at The OC Marketplace
DATE: 2014/06/07::
50
Kirkwall Boys Ba Christmas 2014 (part 1 of 3)
Kirkwall Boys Ba Christmas 2014 (part 1 of 3)
DATE: 2014/12/27::
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RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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For the fictional city from the Dragon Age series, see Dragon Age II.
Kirkwall
Scottish Gaelic: Baile na h-Eaglais[1]
Scots: Kirkwaa or Kirkwal[2]
Broad road in Kirkwall in summer 2012 (2).JPG
Kirkwall is located in Orkney Islands
Kirkwall
Kirkwall
 Kirkwall shown within Orkney
Population 9,293 [3]
OS grid reference HY449109
Council area Orkney
Lieutenancy area Orkney
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Kirkwall
Postcode district KW15
Dialling code 01856
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Orkney and Shetland
Scottish Parliament Orkney
List of places
UK
Scotland

Coordinates: 58°58′52″N 2°57′36″W / 58.981°N 2.960°W / 58.981; -2.960

Kirkwall is the biggest town and capital of the Orkney Islands, off the coast of northern mainland Scotland. The town is first mentioned in Orkneyinga saga in the year 1046 when it is recorded as the residence of Rögnvald Brusason the Earl of Orkney, who was killed by his uncle Thorfinn the Mighty. In 1486, King James III of Scotland elevated Kirkwall to the status of a royal burgh; modern roadsigns still indicate "The City and Royal Burgh of Kirkwall".

The name Kirkwall comes from the Norse name Kirkjuvagr (Church Bay), which was later corrupted to Kirkvoe, Kirkwaa and Kirkwall.

Overview[edit]

Kirkwall Town Hall exterior.
St. Magnus Cathedral in Kirkwall.
Kirkwall in relation to the rest of the Mainland.

Situated on the northern coast of Mainland Orkney and with a population of about 9,000, Kirkwall is a port with ferry services to Aberdeen and Lerwick, as well as the principal north islands in the group. At the heart of the town stands St. Magnus Cathedral, which was founded in memory of Saint Magnus Erlendsson, Earl of Orkney 1108-1117 by Earl (later Saint) Rögnvald Kali. Next to the Cathedral are the ruins of the former Bishop's Palace and Earl's Palace. The town has two museums, the larger being Tankerness House Museum, which contains items of local historical interest within one of Scotland's best-preserved sixteenth century town-houses. The prehistoric, Pictish and Viking collections are of international importance. The other museum is the Orkney Wireless Museum, dealing with the history of radio and recorded sound.

Apart from the main historical buildings mentioned above, Kirkwall has many 17th-18th-century houses and other structures in the local vernacular style. The 'Kirk' of Kirkwall was not the Cathedral (which was originally at Birsay), but the 11th-century church of Saint Olaf of Norway. One late medieval doorway survives from this church, and an aumbry from the original church survives within the late 19th Century structure of the present-day Saint Olaf's Church (Episcopal) in the town's Dundas Crescent. Kirkwall also once had a medieval castle, which was destroyed in the 17th century.

On the west edge of the town, surrounded by Hatston Industrial Estate, is a prehistoric ancient monument, Grain Earth House (Historic Scotland), a short low stone-walled passage deep underground leading to a small pillared chamber. This is the form of earth house or souterrain characteristic of the Northern Isles (although Grain is unusually deep below ground). It was originally connected to a surface dwelling, which has since disappeared, and the original purpose of these Iron Age structures remains unknown. Further west towards Grimbister is the similar Rennibister Earth House.

One of the major annual events in the town is the Ba Game, held each Christmas Day and New Year's Day between the Uppies and the Doonies, each team representing one half of the town. Kirkwall also has the most northerly of the world's Carnegie libraries, which was opened by Andrew Carnegie and his wife in 1909. The building survives, although the library itself has since moved to a larger building on Junction Road.

Climate[edit]

As with the rest of Scotland, Kirkwall experiences a maritime climate with cool summers, mild winters, often strong winds, plentiful rainfall, frequently overcast skies and sparse amounts of sunshine.

Climate data for Kirkwall, 26m asl, 1981-2010, Extremes 1951-
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.2
(54)
12.8
(55)
18.9
(66)
18.3
(64.9)
22.0
(71.6)
22.8
(73)
25.6
(78.1)
24.8
(76.6)
22.8
(73)
19.4
(66.9)
14.5
(58.1)
12.8
(55)
25.6
(78.1)
Average high °C (°F) 6.4
(43.5)
6.4
(43.5)
7.6
(45.7)
9.5
(49.1)
12.0
(53.6)
14.0
(57.2)
15.9
(60.6)
16.0
(60.8)
14.1
(57.4)
11.4
(52.5)
8.6
(47.5)
6.8
(44.2)
10.7
(51.3)
Average low °C (°F) 1.9
(35.4)
1.7
(35.1)
2.4
(36.3)
3.8
(38.8)
5.6
(42.1)
8.1
(46.6)
10.2
(50.4)
10.3
(50.5)
8.8
(47.8)
6.7
(44.1)
4.2
(39.6)
2.3
(36.1)
5.5
(41.9)
Record low °C (°F) −7.8
(18)
−7
(19)
−6.8
(19.8)
−4.9
(23.2)
−2.1
(28.2)
1.0
(33.8)
3.4
(38.1)
3.7
(38.7)
0.5
(32.9)
−1.6
(29.1)
−5.5
(22.1)
−7.6
(18.3)
−7.8
(18)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 109.7
(4.319)
93.3
(3.673)
95.7
(3.768)
60.3
(2.374)
48.0
(1.89)
52.7
(2.075)
57.4
(2.26)
66.3
(2.61)
95.3
(3.752)
126.0
(4.961)
126.0
(4.961)
107.8
(4.244)
1,038.5
(40.886)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 20.1 16.8 17.9 13.4 10.6 10.7 11.6 12.5 16.2 19.6 20.8 18.5 188.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 32.2 59.3 98.2 136.8 190.0 148.6 132.2 129.7 105.3 75.8 40.1 24.5 1,172.4
Source #1: Met Office[4]
Source #2: Royal Dutch Meteorological Institute/KMNI[5]

Parliamentary burgh[edit]

Kirkwall was a parliamentary burgh, combined with Dingwall, Dornoch, Tain and Wick in the Northern Burghs constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1708 to 1801 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1918. Cromarty was added to the list in 1832. The constituency was a district of burghs known also as the Tain Burghs until 1832, and then as the Wick Burghs. It was represented by one Member of Parliament until 1918, when the constituency was abolished and the Kirkwall component was merged into the county constituency of Orkney and Shetland.

Education and culture[edit]

The Orkney Library and Archive is located in Kirkwall.

Children's books, Orkney Library and Archive, Kirkwall

Media and the arts[edit]

The composer Peter Maxwell Davies was among a group which founded the annual St Magnus International Festival which is centred on Kirkwall each midsummer.[6]

Kirkwall Harbour can be seen in The Highlands and Islands - A Royal Tour, a 1973 documentary about Prince Charles' visit to the Highlands and Islands, directed by Oscar Marzaroli.[7] Scottish film-maker Margaret Tait was born in Kirkwall, and many of her films (in particular the Aspects Of Kirkwall series) are set there.

The Simpsons character Groundskeeper Willie is said to be from Kirkwall.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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