Play Video
1
Round The Streets of Kirkwall
Round The Streets of Kirkwall
::2010/08/31::
Play Video
2
Kirkwall - Scotland (May 2012)
Kirkwall - Scotland (May 2012)
::2012/07/11::
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3
Grace Wall Roberta Wall & Kirk Wall
Grace Wall Roberta Wall & Kirk Wall
::2012/03/01::
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4
Kirkwall Ba
Kirkwall Ba
::2007/03/04::
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5
What a spectacular landing!! Flybe SAAB 340 landing at Kirkwall Airport, Orkney
What a spectacular landing!! Flybe SAAB 340 landing at Kirkwall Airport, Orkney
::2013/11/04::
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6
The Orkney Kirkwall Islands
The Orkney Kirkwall Islands
::2009/05/30::
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7
Kirkwall Ba New Year
Kirkwall Ba New Year's Day 2014
::2014/01/06::
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8
BBC Referendum Debate - Kirkwall, Orkney 15th April 2014
BBC Referendum Debate - Kirkwall, Orkney 15th April 2014
::2014/04/16::
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9
Nicola Sturgeon Q&A in Kirkwall, Orkney
Nicola Sturgeon Q&A in Kirkwall, Orkney
::2014/09/03::
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10
Kirkwall Ba
Kirkwall Ba' Game
::2008/11/20::
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11
First Minister opens new Kirkwall school
First Minister opens new Kirkwall school
::2014/06/17::
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12
Kirkwall Bay: sung by Alex Pollock
Kirkwall Bay: sung by Alex Pollock
::2008/01/16::
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13
Tesco Kirkwall Christmas Video
Tesco Kirkwall Christmas Video
::2013/12/15::
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14
New Kirkwall Grammar School Orkney December 2013
New Kirkwall Grammar School Orkney December 2013
::2013/12/15::
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15
Kirkwall Nights - Dragon Age 2 Soundtrack
Kirkwall Nights - Dragon Age 2 Soundtrack
::2011/03/08::
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16
Flybe saab 340 landing at Kirkwall airport
Flybe saab 340 landing at Kirkwall airport
::2011/10/29::
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17
Dragon Age 2 - CSI: Kirkwall
Dragon Age 2 - CSI: Kirkwall
::2011/10/20::
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18
Kirkwall Boys Ba Christmas 2013 (part 2 of 2)
Kirkwall Boys Ba Christmas 2013 (part 2 of 2)
::2013/12/29::
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19
Kirkwall City Pipe Band 2013
Kirkwall City Pipe Band 2013
::2013/08/24::
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20
The Kirkwall Scroll: Freemasonry´s link to the Knights Templar
The Kirkwall Scroll: Freemasonry´s link to the Knights Templar
::2011/09/15::
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21
Caledonia - Kirkwall City Pipe Band
Caledonia - Kirkwall City Pipe Band
::2008/11/19::
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22
Dragon Age 2 Soundtrack - Kirkwall Nights
Dragon Age 2 Soundtrack - Kirkwall Nights
::2011/03/09::
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23
Let
Let's Play Dragon Age 2 - Part 5: Getting Into Kirkwall
::2011/03/08::
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24
Kirkwall Bay set
Kirkwall Bay set
::2012/01/12::
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25
Orkney shipping - Pilotage - Pentland Firth, Scapa Flow & Kirkwall 2014
Orkney shipping - Pilotage - Pentland Firth, Scapa Flow & Kirkwall 2014
::2014/04/06::
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26
Dawn of the Seeker mentions Kirkwall
Dawn of the Seeker mentions Kirkwall
::2012/08/18::
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27
Cruising to Kirkwall Orkney Islands Scotland, May 2009
Cruising to Kirkwall Orkney Islands Scotland, May 2009
::2012/10/22::
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28
KIRKWALL BAY
KIRKWALL BAY
::2012/04/05::
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29
Kirkwall Pipe Band Retreat
Kirkwall Pipe Band Retreat
::2013/09/25::
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30
Fenris/Anders - Brokeback Kirkwall (Dragon Age 2)
Fenris/Anders - Brokeback Kirkwall (Dragon Age 2)
::2011/06/25::
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31
3365 Kirkwall - Video Tour
3365 Kirkwall - Video Tour
::2014/08/13::
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32
Kirkwall City Pipe Band - Caledonia
Kirkwall City Pipe Band - Caledonia
::2014/05/21::
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33
liners leaving hatston pier kirkwall orkney
liners leaving hatston pier kirkwall orkney
::2008/08/07::
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34
Kirk Wall and the Hillbillies at The OC Marketplace
Kirk Wall and the Hillbillies at The OC Marketplace
::2014/06/07::
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35
Kirk Wall and the Hillbillies at Knott
Kirk Wall and the Hillbillies at Knott's Berry Farm 2nd show 1-18-2014
::2014/01/19::
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36
Dragon Age 2 #2 - Kirkwall wita
Dragon Age 2 #2 - Kirkwall wita
::2011/03/10::
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37
Let
Let's Play FR Dragon Age 2 : Episode 60 : La bataille de Kirkwall
::2014/09/05::
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38
Bonnie Kirkwall Bay - George Garson
Bonnie Kirkwall Bay - George Garson
::2012/05/18::
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39
Vatsim World Discovery Flights - Unst to kirkwall EGPA
Vatsim World Discovery Flights - Unst to kirkwall EGPA
::2014/01/01::
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40
Dragon Age 2 - Part 120: Champion of Kirkwall
Dragon Age 2 - Part 120: Champion of Kirkwall
::2011/05/03::
Play Video
41
Dragon Age 2 -- Alistair in Kirkwall during qunari attack (non-King, romanced)
Dragon Age 2 -- Alistair in Kirkwall during qunari attack (non-King, romanced)
::2011/03/23::
Play Video
42
"Kirkwall - UK - Scotland" by Esther Borbas
"Kirkwall - UK - Scotland" by Esther Borbas
::2007/08/03::
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43
CSI: Kirkwall
CSI: Kirkwall
::2011/10/12::
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44
Kirkwall Bay
Kirkwall Bay
::2012/04/11::
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45
PA28 Inverness - Kirkwall
PA28 Inverness - Kirkwall
::2014/07/08::
Play Video
46
The Orkney Ba Kirkwall 2012
The Orkney Ba Kirkwall 2012
::2011/12/26::
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47
Kirk Wall The Fall Guy
Kirk Wall The Fall Guy
::2011/08/05::
Play Video
48
Female Loganair Pilot is taking off from Kirkwall Airport, ORKNEY.Watch HD and full screen
Female Loganair Pilot is taking off from Kirkwall Airport, ORKNEY.Watch HD and full screen
::2013/11/02::
Play Video
49
Dragon Age 2 Walkthrough - Male Warrior - First Year in Kirkwall Part 1
Dragon Age 2 Walkthrough - Male Warrior - First Year in Kirkwall Part 1
::2011/03/09::
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50
Kirk Wall and the Hillbillies last show at Disneyland 1-6-2014 Billy Hill and the Hillbillies
Kirk Wall and the Hillbillies last show at Disneyland 1-6-2014 Billy Hill and the Hillbillies
::2014/02/12::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Kirkwall
Scottish Gaelic: Baile na h-Eaglais[1]
Scots: Kirkwaa or Kirkwal[2]
Broad road in Kirkwall in summer 2012 (2).JPG
Kirkwall is located in Orkney Islands
Kirkwall
Kirkwall
 Kirkwall shown within Orkney
Population 8,686 [3]
OS grid reference HY449109
Council area Orkney
Lieutenancy area Orkney
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Kirkwall
Postcode district KW15
Dialling code 01856
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Orkney and Shetland
Scottish Parliament Orkney
List of places
UK
Scotland

Coordinates: 58°58′52″N 2°57′36″W / 58.981°N 2.960°W / 58.981; -2.960

Kirkwall is the biggest town and capital of the Orkney Islands, off the coast of northern mainland Scotland. The town is first mentioned in Orkneyinga saga in the year 1046 when it is recorded as the residence of Rögnvald Brusason the Earl of Orkney, who was killed by his uncle Thorfinn the Mighty. In 1486, King James III of Scotland elevated Kirkwall to the status of a royal burgh; modern roadsigns still indicate "The City and Royal Burgh of Kirkwall".

The name Kirkwall comes from the Norse name Kirkjuvagr (Church Bay), which was later corrupted to Kirkvoe, Kirkwaa and Kirkwall.

Overview[edit]

Kirkwall Town Hall exterior.
St. Magnus Cathedral in Kirkwall.
Kirkwall in relation to the rest of the Mainland.

Situated on the northern coast of Mainland Orkney and with a population of about 8,500, Kirkwall is a port with ferry services to Aberdeen and Lerwick, as well as the principal north islands in the group. At the heart of the town stands St. Magnus Cathedral, which was founded in memory of Saint Magnus Erlendsson, Earl of Orkney 1108-1117 by Earl (later Saint) Rögnvald Kali. Next to the Cathedral are the ruins of the former Bishop's Palace and Earl's Palace. The town has two museums, the larger being Tankerness House Museum, which contains items of local historical interest within one of Scotland's best-preserved sixteenth century town-houses. The prehistoric, Pictish and Viking collections are of international importance. The other museum is the Orkney Wireless Museum, dealing with the history of radio and recorded sound.

Apart from the main historical buildings mentioned above, Kirkwall has many 17th-18th-century houses and other structures in the local vernacular style. The 'Kirk' of Kirkwall was not the Cathedral (which was originally at Birsay), but the 11th-century church of Saint Olaf of Norway. One late medieval doorway survives from this church, and an aumbry from the original church survives within the late 19th Century structure of the present-day Saint Olaf's Church (Episcopal) in the town's Dundas Crescent. Kirkwall also once had a medieval castle, which was destroyed in the 17th century.

On the west edge of the town, surrounded by Hatston Industrial Estate, is a prehistoric ancient monument, Grain Earth House (Historic Scotland), a short low stone-walled passage deep underground leading to a small pillared chamber. This is the form of earth house or souterrain characteristic of the Northern Isles (although Grain is unusually deep below ground). It was originally connected to a surface dwelling, which has since disappeared, and the original purpose of these Iron Age structures remains unknown. The key for the monument comes from Ortak Visitor Centre and Factory. Further west towards Grimbister is the similar Rennibister Earth House.

One of the major annual events in the town is the Ba Game, held each Christmas Day and New Year's Day between the Uppies and the Doonies, each team representing one half of the town. Kirkwall also has the most northerly of the world's Carnegie libraries, which was opened by Andrew Carnegie and his wife in 1909. The building survives, although the library itself has since moved to a larger building on Junction Road.

Climate[edit]

As with the rest of Scotland, Kirkwall experiences a maritime climate with cool summers, mild winters, often strong winds, plentiful rainfall, frequently overcast skies and sparse amounts of sunshine.

Climate data for Kirkwall, 26m asl, 1981-2010, Extremes 1951-
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.2
(54)
12.8
(55)
18.9
(66)
18.3
(64.9)
22.0
(71.6)
22.8
(73)
25.6
(78.1)
24.8
(76.6)
22.8
(73)
19.4
(66.9)
14.5
(58.1)
12.8
(55)
25.6
(78.1)
Average high °C (°F) 6.4
(43.5)
6.4
(43.5)
7.6
(45.7)
9.5
(49.1)
12.0
(53.6)
14.0
(57.2)
15.9
(60.6)
16.0
(60.8)
14.1
(57.4)
11.4
(52.5)
8.6
(47.5)
6.8
(44.2)
10.7
(51.3)
Average low °C (°F) 1.9
(35.4)
1.7
(35.1)
2.4
(36.3)
3.8
(38.8)
5.6
(42.1)
8.1
(46.6)
10.2
(50.4)
10.3
(50.5)
8.8
(47.8)
6.7
(44.1)
4.2
(39.6)
2.3
(36.1)
5.5
(41.9)
Record low °C (°F) −7.8
(18)
−7
(19)
−6.8
(19.8)
−4.9
(23.2)
−2.1
(28.2)
1.0
(33.8)
3.4
(38.1)
3.7
(38.7)
0.5
(32.9)
−1.6
(29.1)
−5.5
(22.1)
−7.6
(18.3)
−7.8
(18)
Rainfall mm (inches) 109.7
(4.319)
93.3
(3.673)
95.7
(3.768)
60.3
(2.374)
48.0
(1.89)
52.7
(2.075)
57.4
(2.26)
66.3
(2.61)
95.3
(3.752)
126.0
(4.961)
126.0
(4.961)
107.8
(4.244)
1,038.5
(40.886)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 20.1 16.8 17.9 13.4 10.6 10.7 11.6 12.5 16.2 19.6 20.8 18.5 188.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 32.2 59.3 98.2 136.8 190.0 148.6 132.2 129.7 105.3 75.8 40.1 24.5 1,172.4
Source #1: Met Office[4]
Source #2: Royal Dutch Meteorological Institute/KMNI[5]

Parliamentary burgh[edit]

Kirkwall was a parliamentary burgh, combined with Dingwall, Dornoch, Tain and Wick in the Northern Burghs constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1708 to 1801 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1918. Cromarty was added to the list in 1832. The constituency was a district of burghs known also as the Tain Burghs until 1832, and then as the Wick Burghs. It was represented by one Member of Parliament until 1918, when the constituency was abolished and the Kirkwall component was merged into the county constituency of Orkney and Shetland.

Media and the arts[edit]

The composer Peter Maxwell Davies was among a group which founded the annual St Magnus International Festival which is centred on Kirkwall each midsummer.[6]

Kirkwall Harbour can be seen in The Highlands and Islands - A Royal Tour, a 1973 documentary about Prince Charles' visit to the Highlands and Islands, directed by Oscar Marzaroli.[7] Scottish film-maker Margaret Tait was born in Kirkwall, and many of her films (in particular the Aspects Of Kirkwall series) are set there.

The Simpsons character Groundskeeper Willie is said to be from Kirkwall. The video game Dragon Age 2 is mostly set in a fantasy city called Kirkwall.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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