Play Video
1
Round The Streets of Kirkwall
Round The Streets of Kirkwall
::2010/08/31::
Play Video
2
Kirk Wall The Fall Guy
Kirk Wall The Fall Guy
::2011/08/05::
Play Video
3
The Orkney Kirkwall Islands
The Orkney Kirkwall Islands
::2009/05/30::
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4
Kirkwall Ba New Year
Kirkwall Ba New Year's Day 2014
::2014/01/06::
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5
Kirkwall - Scotland (May 2012)
Kirkwall - Scotland (May 2012)
::2012/07/11::
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6
Kirkwall Ba
Kirkwall Ba
::2007/03/04::
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7
What a spectacular landing!! Flybe SAAB 340 landing at Kirkwall Airport, Orkney
What a spectacular landing!! Flybe SAAB 340 landing at Kirkwall Airport, Orkney
::2013/11/04::
Play Video
8
Dragon Age: Inquisition - Meeting Hawke the Champion of Kirkwall
Dragon Age: Inquisition - Meeting Hawke the Champion of Kirkwall
::2014/11/20::
Play Video
9
Orkney shipping - Pilotage - Pentland Firth, Scapa Flow & Kirkwall 2014
Orkney shipping - Pilotage - Pentland Firth, Scapa Flow & Kirkwall 2014
::2014/04/06::
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10
Flybe saab 340 landing at Kirkwall airport
Flybe saab 340 landing at Kirkwall airport
::2011/10/29::
Play Video
11
Dragon Age: Inquisition - Helping Aveline repel Sebastian
Dragon Age: Inquisition - Helping Aveline repel Sebastian's attack on Kirkwall
::2014/11/22::
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12
Kirkwall Ba
Kirkwall Ba' Game
::2008/11/20::
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13
Caledonia - Kirkwall City Pipe Band
Caledonia - Kirkwall City Pipe Band
::2008/11/19::
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14
Catching Up with Hawke: Anders Romance, Carver, Kirkwall (SPOILERS)
Catching Up with Hawke: Anders Romance, Carver, Kirkwall (SPOILERS)
::2014/11/17::
Play Video
15
The Kirkwall Scroll: Freemasonry´s link to the Knights Templar
The Kirkwall Scroll: Freemasonry´s link to the Knights Templar
::2011/09/15::
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16
Dragon Age 2 - CSI: Kirkwall
Dragon Age 2 - CSI: Kirkwall
::2011/10/20::
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17
Kirkwall Bay: sung by Alex Pollock
Kirkwall Bay: sung by Alex Pollock
::2008/01/16::
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18
Scottish Independence Referendum Debate Kirkwall
Scottish Independence Referendum Debate Kirkwall
::2014/04/16::
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19
New Kirkwall Grammar School Orkney December 2013
New Kirkwall Grammar School Orkney December 2013
::2013/12/15::
Play Video
20
Dragon Age 2 Soundtrack - Kirkwall Nights
Dragon Age 2 Soundtrack - Kirkwall Nights
::2011/03/09::
Play Video
21
Kirkwall Nights - Dragon Age 2 Soundtrack
Kirkwall Nights - Dragon Age 2 Soundtrack
::2011/03/08::
Play Video
22
Let
Let's Play Dragon Age 2 - Part 5: Getting Into Kirkwall
::2011/03/08::
Play Video
23
Dragon Age INQUISITION ► Meeting Hawke - Sarcastic! Champion of Kirkwall from Dragon Age 2 - Part 52
Dragon Age INQUISITION ► Meeting Hawke - Sarcastic! Champion of Kirkwall from Dragon Age 2 - Part 52
::2014/11/26::
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24
Kirkwall Bay set
Kirkwall Bay set
::2012/01/12::
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25
First Minister opens new Kirkwall school
First Minister opens new Kirkwall school
::2014/06/17::
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26
Nicola Sturgeon Q&A in Kirkwall, Orkney
Nicola Sturgeon Q&A in Kirkwall, Orkney
::2014/09/03::
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27
Dawn of the Seeker mentions Kirkwall
Dawn of the Seeker mentions Kirkwall
::2012/08/18::
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28
Tesco Kirkwall Christmas Video
Tesco Kirkwall Christmas Video
::2013/12/15::
Play Video
29
Kirkwall Pipe Band Retreat
Kirkwall Pipe Band Retreat
::2013/09/25::
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30
Dragon Age 2 - Part 120: Champion of Kirkwall
Dragon Age 2 - Part 120: Champion of Kirkwall
::2011/05/03::
Play Video
31
Cruising to Kirkwall Orkney Islands Scotland, May 2009
Cruising to Kirkwall Orkney Islands Scotland, May 2009
::2012/10/22::
Play Video
32
Let
Let's Play Dragon Age 2 - Part 4: To Kirkwall!
::2011/03/08::
Play Video
33
Dragon Age Inquisition: Party Banter - Varric & Cassandra - Kirkwall Rebuilding
Dragon Age Inquisition: Party Banter - Varric & Cassandra - Kirkwall Rebuilding
::2014/11/20::
Play Video
34
Fenris/Anders - Brokeback Kirkwall (Dragon Age 2)
Fenris/Anders - Brokeback Kirkwall (Dragon Age 2)
::2011/06/25::
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35
Dragon Age 2 - CSI: Kirkwall
Dragon Age 2 - CSI: Kirkwall
::2011/10/13::
Play Video
36
Dragon Age 2 -- Alistair in Kirkwall during qunari attack (non-King, romanced)
Dragon Age 2 -- Alistair in Kirkwall during qunari attack (non-King, romanced)
::2011/03/23::
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37
Kirkwall City Pipe Band - Caledonia
Kirkwall City Pipe Band - Caledonia
::2014/05/21::
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38
Bonnie Kirkwall Bay - George Garson
Bonnie Kirkwall Bay - George Garson
::2012/05/18::
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39
5th dec 2013 weyland bay kirkwall Orkney
5th dec 2013 weyland bay kirkwall Orkney
::2013/12/05::
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40
19 - Dragon Age II Score - Kirkwall Nights (Extended)
19 - Dragon Age II Score - Kirkwall Nights (Extended)
::2012/09/10::
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41
Dragon Age Inquisition Parte 16 PC Gameplay Español  - Hawke Campeón de Kirkwall - PS4  1080p
Dragon Age Inquisition Parte 16 PC Gameplay Español - Hawke Campeón de Kirkwall - PS4 1080p
::2014/12/10::
Play Video
42
Flying from North Ronaldsay to Kirkwall
Flying from North Ronaldsay to Kirkwall
::2012/07/28::
Play Video
43
Dragon Age 2 Soundtrack - Kirkwall Arrival
Dragon Age 2 Soundtrack - Kirkwall Arrival
::2011/03/10::
Play Video
44
Kirk Wall and the Hillbillies at The OC Marketplace
Kirk Wall and the Hillbillies at The OC Marketplace
::2014/06/07::
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45
Kirkwall Ba
Kirkwall Ba' Game New Year's Day 2014 - The Doonies!
::2014/01/05::
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46
Dragon Age 2 Walkthrough - Male Warrior - First Year in Kirkwall Part 1
Dragon Age 2 Walkthrough - Male Warrior - First Year in Kirkwall Part 1
::2011/03/09::
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47
Northlink ferries - Aberdeen to Kirkwall - Rough sea - 25.09.2012
Northlink ferries - Aberdeen to Kirkwall - Rough sea - 25.09.2012
::2012/11/08::
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48
BA street (foot)ball Kirkwall Orkney
BA street (foot)ball Kirkwall Orkney
::2009/03/15::
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49
Dragon Age: Inquisition playthrough (PS4) pt85 - The Hero of Kirkwall Returns!
Dragon Age: Inquisition playthrough (PS4) pt85 - The Hero of Kirkwall Returns!
::2014/12/09::
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50
Champion of Kirkwall
Champion of Kirkwall
::2014/12/01::
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RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Kirkwall
Scottish Gaelic: Baile na h-Eaglais[1]
Scots: Kirkwaa or Kirkwal[2]
Broad road in Kirkwall in summer 2012 (2).JPG
Kirkwall is located in Orkney Islands
Kirkwall
Kirkwall
 Kirkwall shown within Orkney
Population 8,686 [3]
OS grid reference HY449109
Council area Orkney
Lieutenancy area Orkney
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Kirkwall
Postcode district KW15
Dialling code 01856
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Orkney and Shetland
Scottish Parliament Orkney
List of places
UK
Scotland

Coordinates: 58°58′52″N 2°57′36″W / 58.981°N 2.960°W / 58.981; -2.960

Kirkwall is the biggest town and capital of the Orkney Islands, off the coast of northern mainland Scotland. The town is first mentioned in Orkneyinga saga in the year 1046 when it is recorded as the residence of Rögnvald Brusason the Earl of Orkney, who was killed by his uncle Thorfinn the Mighty. In 1486, King James III of Scotland elevated Kirkwall to the status of a royal burgh; modern roadsigns still indicate "The City and Royal Burgh of Kirkwall".

The name Kirkwall comes from the Norse name Kirkjuvagr (Church Bay), which was later corrupted to Kirkvoe, Kirkwaa and Kirkwall.

Overview[edit]

Kirkwall Town Hall exterior.
St. Magnus Cathedral in Kirkwall.
Kirkwall in relation to the rest of the Mainland.

Situated on the northern coast of Mainland Orkney and with a population of about 8,500, Kirkwall is a port with ferry services to Aberdeen and Lerwick, as well as the principal north islands in the group. At the heart of the town stands St. Magnus Cathedral, which was founded in memory of Saint Magnus Erlendsson, Earl of Orkney 1108-1117 by Earl (later Saint) Rögnvald Kali. Next to the Cathedral are the ruins of the former Bishop's Palace and Earl's Palace. The town has two museums, the larger being Tankerness House Museum, which contains items of local historical interest within one of Scotland's best-preserved sixteenth century town-houses. The prehistoric, Pictish and Viking collections are of international importance. The other museum is the Orkney Wireless Museum, dealing with the history of radio and recorded sound.

Apart from the main historical buildings mentioned above, Kirkwall has many 17th-18th-century houses and other structures in the local vernacular style. The 'Kirk' of Kirkwall was not the Cathedral (which was originally at Birsay), but the 11th-century church of Saint Olaf of Norway. One late medieval doorway survives from this church, and an aumbry from the original church survives within the late 19th Century structure of the present-day Saint Olaf's Church (Episcopal) in the town's Dundas Crescent. Kirkwall also once had a medieval castle, which was destroyed in the 17th century.

On the west edge of the town, surrounded by Hatston Industrial Estate, is a prehistoric ancient monument, Grain Earth House (Historic Scotland), a short low stone-walled passage deep underground leading to a small pillared chamber. This is the form of earth house or souterrain characteristic of the Northern Isles (although Grain is unusually deep below ground). It was originally connected to a surface dwelling, which has since disappeared, and the original purpose of these Iron Age structures remains unknown. The key for the monument comes from Ortak Visitor Centre and Factory. Further west towards Grimbister is the similar Rennibister Earth House.

One of the major annual events in the town is the Ba Game, held each Christmas Day and New Year's Day between the Uppies and the Doonies, each team representing one half of the town. Kirkwall also has the most northerly of the world's Carnegie libraries, which was opened by Andrew Carnegie and his wife in 1909. The building survives, although the library itself has since moved to a larger building on Junction Road.

Climate[edit]

As with the rest of Scotland, Kirkwall experiences a maritime climate with cool summers, mild winters, often strong winds, plentiful rainfall, frequently overcast skies and sparse amounts of sunshine.

Climate data for Kirkwall, 26m asl, 1981-2010, Extremes 1951-
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.2
(54)
12.8
(55)
18.9
(66)
18.3
(64.9)
22.0
(71.6)
22.8
(73)
25.6
(78.1)
24.8
(76.6)
22.8
(73)
19.4
(66.9)
14.5
(58.1)
12.8
(55)
25.6
(78.1)
Average high °C (°F) 6.4
(43.5)
6.4
(43.5)
7.6
(45.7)
9.5
(49.1)
12.0
(53.6)
14.0
(57.2)
15.9
(60.6)
16.0
(60.8)
14.1
(57.4)
11.4
(52.5)
8.6
(47.5)
6.8
(44.2)
10.7
(51.3)
Average low °C (°F) 1.9
(35.4)
1.7
(35.1)
2.4
(36.3)
3.8
(38.8)
5.6
(42.1)
8.1
(46.6)
10.2
(50.4)
10.3
(50.5)
8.8
(47.8)
6.7
(44.1)
4.2
(39.6)
2.3
(36.1)
5.5
(41.9)
Record low °C (°F) −7.8
(18)
−7
(19)
−6.8
(19.8)
−4.9
(23.2)
−2.1
(28.2)
1.0
(33.8)
3.4
(38.1)
3.7
(38.7)
0.5
(32.9)
−1.6
(29.1)
−5.5
(22.1)
−7.6
(18.3)
−7.8
(18)
Rainfall mm (inches) 109.7
(4.319)
93.3
(3.673)
95.7
(3.768)
60.3
(2.374)
48.0
(1.89)
52.7
(2.075)
57.4
(2.26)
66.3
(2.61)
95.3
(3.752)
126.0
(4.961)
126.0
(4.961)
107.8
(4.244)
1,038.5
(40.886)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 20.1 16.8 17.9 13.4 10.6 10.7 11.6 12.5 16.2 19.6 20.8 18.5 188.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 32.2 59.3 98.2 136.8 190.0 148.6 132.2 129.7 105.3 75.8 40.1 24.5 1,172.4
Source #1: Met Office[4]
Source #2: Royal Dutch Meteorological Institute/KMNI[5]

Parliamentary burgh[edit]

Kirkwall was a parliamentary burgh, combined with Dingwall, Dornoch, Tain and Wick in the Northern Burghs constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1708 to 1801 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1918. Cromarty was added to the list in 1832. The constituency was a district of burghs known also as the Tain Burghs until 1832, and then as the Wick Burghs. It was represented by one Member of Parliament until 1918, when the constituency was abolished and the Kirkwall component was merged into the county constituency of Orkney and Shetland.

Education and culture[edit]

The Orkney Library and Archive is located in Kirkwall.

Children's books, Orkney Library and Archive, Kirkwall

Media and the arts[edit]

The composer Peter Maxwell Davies was among a group which founded the annual St Magnus International Festival which is centred on Kirkwall each midsummer.[6]

Kirkwall Harbour can be seen in The Highlands and Islands - A Royal Tour, a 1973 documentary about Prince Charles' visit to the Highlands and Islands, directed by Oscar Marzaroli.[7] Scottish film-maker Margaret Tait was born in Kirkwall, and many of her films (in particular the Aspects Of Kirkwall series) are set there.

The Simpsons character Groundskeeper Willie is said to be from Kirkwall. The video game Dragon Age 2 is mostly set in a fantasy city called Kirkwall.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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