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AUT at the Smithsonian - Maori Language Revitalization
AUT at the Smithsonian - Maori Language Revitalization
Published: 2016/09/27
Channel: Ivo Stainoff
Maori Language revitalisation
Maori Language revitalisation
Published: 2013/05/10
Channel: Te Reo Hapai
Interesting facts about the Maori language
Interesting facts about the Maori language
Published: 2014/10/17
Channel: Prepare to Serve!
Maori language revival example for Cook Island
Maori language revival example for Cook Island
Published: 2011/07/07
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Ainu language revival finds inspiration in Te Ataarangi methods
Ainu language revival finds inspiration in Te Ataarangi methods
Published: 2016/06/13
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
He Whakarauora i te Whakarauora Reo | The Revitalisation of Māori Language Revitalisation
He Whakarauora i te Whakarauora Reo | The Revitalisation of Māori Language Revitalisation
Published: 2015/10/15
Channel: Core Education
Indigenous Language Revitalization | April Charlo | TEDxUMontana
Indigenous Language Revitalization | April Charlo | TEDxUMontana
Published: 2015/03/27
Channel: TEDx Talks
'Survival of Māori language in the hands of whānau'
Published: 2014/01/02
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Technology to aid in language revival
Technology to aid in language revival
Published: 2010/10/07
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
What
What's happened to the Kōhanga Reo kaupapa? - We talk to the original students
Published: 2013/09/08
Channel: maraetv
Kōhanga Reo 1
Kōhanga Reo 1
Published: 2015/06/14
Channel: maraetv
The Maori Visit Wounded Knee
The Maori Visit Wounded Knee
Published: 2015/03/26
Channel: RisingVoices
Increased popularity in ECE has some kōhanga reo full
Increased popularity in ECE has some kōhanga reo full
Published: 2015/01/27
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
FOT 3 Episode 13: New Zealand Language Nests
FOT 3 Episode 13: New Zealand Language Nests
Published: 2010/02/02
Channel: Mushkeg Productions Inc
Book looks at the role of early-childhood in Te Reo Māori revival
Book looks at the role of early-childhood in Te Reo Māori revival
Published: 2014/02/27
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Part 1 of 3 Ngāi Tahu Māori language revitalisation strategy Kotahi Mano Kaika Kotahi Mano Wawata Waka Huia TVNZ 15 August 2010
Part 1 of 3 Ngāi Tahu Māori language revitalisation strategy Kotahi Mano Kaika Kotahi Mano Wawata Waka Huia TVNZ 15 August 2010
Published: 2010/08/16
Channel: wakahuiatvnz
Prominent Maori language advocate recognised
Prominent Maori language advocate recognised
Published: 2012/05/04
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Maori language needs to be revived in the home
Maori language needs to be revived in the home
Published: 2011/04/13
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Former Kōhanga Reo board member stands by whistleblowing
Former Kōhanga Reo board member stands by whistleblowing
Published: 2015/06/16
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Indigenous Language Institute visits New Zealand
Indigenous Language Institute visits New Zealand
Published: 2009/01/27
Channel: ILINative
#Budget2017: Boost for Kōhanga Reo and Māori broadcasting
#Budget2017: Boost for Kōhanga Reo and Māori broadcasting
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Ainu Maori Exchange Program Fundraising
Ainu Maori Exchange Program Fundraising
Published: 2012/12/04
Channel: ainumaori
Captioned - Arana Collett is fluent in Te Reo, a professor and 100% of European ancestry
Captioned - Arana Collett is fluent in Te Reo, a professor and 100% of European ancestry
Published: 2013/09/07
Channel: wakahuiatvnz
Only one entity needed to manage funds for te reo Maori revitalisation
Only one entity needed to manage funds for te reo Maori revitalisation
Published: 2012/04/24
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Whānau establishes alternative kōhanga reo option
Whānau establishes alternative kōhanga reo option
Published: 2017/03/24
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Ireland – Wales trip eye opening for language revitalisation
Ireland – Wales trip eye opening for language revitalisation
Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Kohanga Reo National Trust makes final submissions
Kohanga Reo National Trust makes final submissions
Published: 2012/04/23
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Maori place names : Maori language week.
Maori place names : Maori language week.
Published: 2009/07/28
Channel: nzherald.co.nz
Te Reo Wainene: Keeping Māori storytelling alive
Te Reo Wainene: Keeping Māori storytelling alive
Published: 2015/07/09
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Danielle Haye- Oral Presentation-Lang 6099 - Language Planning in New Zealand
Danielle Haye- Oral Presentation-Lang 6099 - Language Planning in New Zealand
Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: Danielle Haye
Why Hawaiian is not the primary language of the Hawaiian Islands
Why Hawaiian is not the primary language of the Hawaiian Islands
Published: 2015/09/21
Channel: Tracie Keolalani
‘Minister’s hold up comes at the expense of kōhanga reo’ (EXTENDED IV)
‘Minister’s hold up comes at the expense of kōhanga reo’ (EXTENDED IV)
Published: 2015/06/15
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Kōhanga Reo board appointment declined
Kōhanga Reo board appointment declined
Published: 2015/08/04
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Prof Ghil
Prof Ghil'ad Zuckermann on Marae Investigates
Published: 2012/09/24
Channel: maraetv
Prominent Te Reo champion Rahera Shortland honoured
Prominent Te Reo champion Rahera Shortland honoured
Published: 2016/06/06
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Celebrated kōhanga reo achieves 29 year old dream
Celebrated kōhanga reo achieves 29 year old dream
Published: 2014/12/02
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Education Minister
Education Minister's response to Kohanga Reo hui outcomes
Published: 2014/04/15
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Hekia Parata responds to criticisms over Kōhanga Reo
Hekia Parata responds to criticisms over Kōhanga Reo
Published: 2015/06/16
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Unity in Kōhanga Reo movement says Kōhanga Reo
Unity in Kōhanga Reo movement says Kōhanga Reo
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: maraetv
Delegation seeks language revitalisation inspiration from Irish
Delegation seeks language revitalisation inspiration from Irish
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
KOHANGA XMAS
KOHANGA XMAS
Published: 2016/12/04
Channel: Otto Otto
Kohanga
Kohanga
Published: 2012/12/05
Channel: kornchic 1
Derek Fox: Investigation into TPO an entirely different matter
Derek Fox: Investigation into TPO an entirely different matter
Published: 2014/03/19
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Kōhanga reo graduates celebrated
Kōhanga reo graduates celebrated
Published: 2016/05/23
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Kōhanga Reo 2
Kōhanga Reo 2
Published: 2015/06/14
Channel: maraetv
Minister Grilled on Kohanga Reo Misspend
Minister Grilled on Kohanga Reo Misspend
Published: 2014/03/19
Channel: ParliamentToday
The Nest Te Kohanga
The Nest Te Kohanga
Published: 2015/06/25
Channel: Nature Connections
Native Women Language Keepers - Subtitled
Native Women Language Keepers - Subtitled
Published: 2013/09/05
Channel: Petra Kuppers
Appeal by former Kōhanga Reo board member dismissed
Appeal by former Kōhanga Reo board member dismissed
Published: 2014/12/16
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Minister leads Māori language delegation to learn from the Irish
Minister leads Māori language delegation to learn from the Irish
Published: 2016/11/11
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The Māori language revival is a movement to promote, reinforce and strengthen the speaking of the Māori language. Primarily in New Zealand, but also in centres with large numbers of New Zealand migrants (such as London and Melbourne), the movement aims to increase the use of Māori in the home, in education, government and business. The movement is part of a broader Māori Renaissance.

Until World War II (1939–1945) most Māori people spoke Māori as their first language but by the 1980s fewer than 20% of Māori spoke the language well enough to be classed as native speakers. The causes of the decline included the switch from using Māori to using English compulsorily in schools and increasing urbanisation, which disconnected younger generations from their extended families and in particular their grandparents, who traditionally played a large part in family life. Even many of those people no longer spoke Māori in the home. As a result, many Māori children failed to learn their ancestral language, and generations of non-Māori-speaking Māori emerged.

In response, Māori leaders initiated Māori-language recovery-programs such as the Kōhanga Reo (literally, "language nest"[1]) movement, which from 1982 immersed infants in Māori from infancy to school age. In 1989 official support was given for Kura Kaupapa Māori - primary and secondary Māori-language immersion schools.

Māori Language Week[edit]

A government-sponsored initiative, te wiki o te reo Māori has been celebrated since 1975 and is intended to encourage New Zealanders to learn or at least support Māori.

Māori Language Act and Māori Language Commission[edit]

The Māori Language Act 1987 was passed as a response to the Waitangi Tribunal finding that the Māori language was a taonga, treasure or valued possession, under the Treaty of Waitangi.[2]

The Act gave Te Reo Māori official language status, and gave speakers a right to use it in legal settings such as in court. It also established the Māori Language Commission (initially called Te Komihana Mo Te Reo Māori but later renamed Te Taura Whiri I Te Reo Māori) to promote the language and provide advice on it.

Kōhanga reo[edit]

Kōhanga reo (Māori: literally "language nest") is a whānau (family) development and language revitalisation initiative grounded in Māori cultural principles and ideals. It facilitates the growth and development of mokopuna (children) through the transmission of Māori language, knowledge and culture. The kōhanga reo movement operates from the Māori philosophical world view and is principally guided by kaumātua (respected elders).

Individual Kōhanga Reo are autonomously run by their respective whānau, which consists of a "collective group of teachers, parents, local elders, and members of the Māori community.[3]"  While funded by governmental quarterly grants from the Te Kōhanga Reo National Trust, Kōhanga Reo often also charge additional fees to cover operational costs. These fees, determined by each whānau, are generally comparable to or less expensive than traditional child-care.[4]

Conducted entirely in the medium of Māori language, kōhanga reo is an environment where 0 – 6 year olds,[5] kaumātua and whānau spend time together talking, playing, praying and learning. Daily activities may take place anywhere that is safe and warm including marae (traditional Māori buildings), converted homes or purpose-built centres.

Emerging in the late 1970s at the direction of kaumātua, kōhanga reo was an immediate and urgent response to the decline of te reo Māori (Māori language) and tikanga Māori (Māori culture, cultural habits and practices). Jean Puketapu and Iritana Tawhiwhirangi were among the early leaders when the first kōhanga reo was founded in Wainuiomata in 1982.[6] Three years later there were over 300 operating.[6]

The success of kōhanga reo is such that they have been followed by the establishment of primary schools and secondary schools (Kura Kaupapa Māori) where Māori is the primary language of instruction. The role of Maori language in education in New Zealand is enshrined in the Education Act 1989.[7]

The kōhanga reo concept has led to other before-school initiatives in New Zealand that instruct in Pacific languages, e.g. Fijian, Rarotongan, Samoan, and Tongan and other countries adopting a similar concept. A notable example being Pūnana Leo established in Hawaii to revitalise the indigenous Hawaiian language.[8]

Politics[edit]

The Māori Party election campaigns often feature increased roles for reo Māori; in 2011 it wanted to require all secondary schools offer Māori language as an option to every student.[9]

Kura Kaupapa Māori[edit]

Kura Kaupapa Māori are Māori immersion primary schools.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Te Kohanga Reo - Te Tau Ihu o Te Waka o Maui
  2. ^ Dana, Peterson (14 March 2000). "Te Reo Māori - the Māori language" (PDF). New Zealand Parliamentary Library. pp. 1–9 [3]. Retrieved 14 February 2013. 
  3. ^ King, Jeanette. 2001. Te kōhanga reo: Māori language revitalization. In The green book of language revitalization in practice, ed. Leanne Hinton and Ken Hale, 123. New York: Academic Press.
  4. ^  King, Jeanette. 2001. Te kōhanga reo: Māori language revitalization. In The green book of language revitalization in practice, ed. Leanne Hinton and Ken Hale, 119–128. New York: Academic Press.
  5. ^ Schooling is compulsory from age 6 in New Zealand
  6. ^ a b Thomson, Rebecca (14 November 2015). "Celebrating New Zealand's first kohanga reo - 150 Years of News". The Dominion Post. Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  7. ^ Education Act 1989
  8. ^ Neason, Alexandria. "How Hawaiian Came Back From the Dead". www.slate.com. Slate. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  9. ^ Tahana, Yvonne (10 November 2011). "Maori Party wants te reo available to all". nzherald.co.nz. Retrieved 25 November 2011. The Maori Party wants to make te reo 'compulsorily available' in schools by 2015 but students wouldn't be compelled to take the subject. 
  10. ^ "Education Act 1989, Section 155: Kura Kaupapa Maori". http://www.legislation.govt.nz. Retrieved 10 May 2017.  External link in |website= (help)

External links[edit]

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