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Maori language revival example for Cook Island
Maori language revival example for Cook Island
Published: 2011/07/07
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Indigenous Language Revitalization | April Charlo | TEDxUMontana
Indigenous Language Revitalization | April Charlo | TEDxUMontana
Published: 2015/03/27
Channel: TEDx Talks
Part 1 of 2 Tehea Ara Kura Total immersion Maori language and culture schools Waka Huia TVNZ 10 July 2011
Part 1 of 2 Tehea Ara Kura Total immersion Maori language and culture schools Waka Huia TVNZ 10 July 2011
Published: 2011/07/11
Channel: wakahuiatvnz
Interesting facts about the Maori language
Interesting facts about the Maori language
Published: 2014/10/17
Channel: Prepare to Serve!
Maori Language revitalisation
Maori Language revitalisation
Published: 2013/05/10
Channel: Te Reo Hapai
He Whakarauora i te Whakarauora Reo | The Revitalisation of Māori Language Revitalisation
He Whakarauora i te Whakarauora Reo | The Revitalisation of Māori Language Revitalisation
Published: 2015/10/15
Channel: Core Education
AUT at the Smithsonian - Maori Language Revitalization
AUT at the Smithsonian - Maori Language Revitalization
Published: 2016/09/27
Channel: Ivo Stainoff
Part 1 of 3 Ngāi Tahu Māori language revitalisation strategy Kotahi Mano Kaika Kotahi Mano Wawata Waka Huia TVNZ 15 August 2010
Part 1 of 3 Ngāi Tahu Māori language revitalisation strategy Kotahi Mano Kaika Kotahi Mano Wawata Waka Huia TVNZ 15 August 2010
Published: 2010/08/16
Channel: wakahuiatvnz
Ainu language revival finds inspiration in Te Ataarangi methods
Ainu language revival finds inspiration in Te Ataarangi methods
Published: 2016/06/13
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Ataarangi method of teaching Maori language is struggling for funding
Ataarangi method of teaching Maori language is struggling for funding
Published: 2011/08/07
Channel: maraetv
Māori language experts welcome Te Reo legislation
Māori language experts welcome Te Reo legislation
Published: 2016/04/14
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Can we keep the Maori Language alive
Can we keep the Maori Language alive
Published: 2011/07/02
Channel: maraetv
Debate over updated Māori language strategy continues
Debate over updated Māori language strategy continues
Published: 2014/07/03
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Technology to aid in language revival
Technology to aid in language revival
Published: 2010/10/07
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Captioned - Arana Collett is fluent in Te Reo, a professor and 100% of European ancestry
Captioned - Arana Collett is fluent in Te Reo, a professor and 100% of European ancestry
Published: 2013/09/07
Channel: wakahuiatvnz
Maori language needs to be revived in the home
Maori language needs to be revived in the home
Published: 2011/04/13
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
I am haunted by a dying language.
I am haunted by a dying language.
Published: 2016/07/15
Channel: Hissing Thoughts
"Why Save a Language" (2006)
"Why Save a Language" (2006)
Published: 2014/03/20
Channel: The Montana Experience: Stories from Big Sky Country
Prominent Maori language advocate recognised
Prominent Maori language advocate recognised
Published: 2012/05/04
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Hawaiian exchange student says Māori immersion experience invaluable
Hawaiian exchange student says Māori immersion experience invaluable
Published: 2015/09/16
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
FOT 3 Episode 13: New Zealand Language Nests
FOT 3 Episode 13: New Zealand Language Nests
Published: 2010/02/02
Channel: Mushkeg Productions Inc
New Zealand Celebrates 30 Years since the recognition of the Maori Language (toru tekau nga tau)
New Zealand Celebrates 30 Years since the recognition of the Maori Language (toru tekau nga tau)
Published: 2017/08/06
Channel: Mariam Arif
The Language Nest Story
The Language Nest Story
Published: 2014/09/16
Channel: firstpeoplescouncil
Mobile app launches in honour of Māori Language Week
Mobile app launches in honour of Māori Language Week
Published: 2012/07/24
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
'Survival of Māori language in the hands of whānau'
Published: 2014/01/02
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Māori Language Week: Why is it important to us?
Māori Language Week: Why is it important to us?
Published: 2013/06/21
Channel: UniversityWaikato
Maori language an inspiration to Cook Island Maori
Maori language an inspiration to Cook Island Maori
Published: 2011/07/08
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Book looks at the role of early-childhood in Te Reo Māori revival
Book looks at the role of early-childhood in Te Reo Māori revival
Published: 2014/02/27
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Ireland – Wales trip eye opening for language revitalisation
Ireland – Wales trip eye opening for language revitalisation
Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Delegation seeks language revitalisation inspiration from Irish
Delegation seeks language revitalisation inspiration from Irish
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Te Wiki o Te Reo Māori -- Māori Language Week
Te Wiki o Te Reo Māori -- Māori Language Week
Published: 2012/07/23
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Survival of Te Reo discussed at Te Puna o te Kī
Survival of Te Reo discussed at Te Puna o te Kī
Published: 2015/12/04
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Ainu Maori Exchange Program Fundraising
Ainu Maori Exchange Program Fundraising
Published: 2012/12/04
Channel: ainumaori
A call for a revival of old Māori games
A call for a revival of old Māori games
Published: 2016/02/23
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Tribunal
Tribunal's report on the Maori language major issue this week
Published: 2010/10/22
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Maori language reaches 25 year milestone
Maori language reaches 25 year milestone
Published: 2012/08/01
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Māori language delegation learn from Galway businesses
Māori language delegation learn from Galway businesses
Published: 2016/11/14
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
The media
The media's role in reviving Māori is to make it attractive to use and learn
Published: 2015/07/28
Channel: maraetv
How will the Maori language survive?
How will the Maori language survive?
Published: 2010/10/21
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Champion of kōhanga reo honoured
Champion of kōhanga reo honoured
Published: 2016/04/26
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Ngāi Tauira debate returns for Wiki o Te Reo Māori
Ngāi Tauira debate returns for Wiki o Te Reo Māori
Published: 2015/07/31
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Respected Kōhanga Reo stalwart mourned
Respected Kōhanga Reo stalwart mourned
Published: 2016/06/01
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Hekia Parata responds to criticisms over Kōhanga Reo
Hekia Parata responds to criticisms over Kōhanga Reo
Published: 2015/06/16
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Kōhanga Reo 1
Kōhanga Reo 1
Published: 2015/06/14
Channel: maraetv
Maori Language Symposium and we speak to Ruakere Hond
Maori Language Symposium and we speak to Ruakere Hond
Published: 2010/10/08
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
New Māori language teaching app launched
New Māori language teaching app launched
Published: 2014/07/25
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
Māori Language Week 2014
Māori Language Week 2014
Published: 2014/07/24
Channel: UNICEF NZ
'Younger generation complacent over Māori language'
Published: 2013/06/26
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
2013 Maori language week special - Part 1
2013 Maori language week special - Part 1
Published: 2013/07/07
Channel: maraetv
Six new kōhanga reo board members welcomed
Six new kōhanga reo board members welcomed
Published: 2017/06/26
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The Māori language revival is a movement to promote, reinforce and strengthen the speaking of the Māori language. Primarily in New Zealand, but also in centres with large numbers of New Zealand migrants (such as London and Melbourne), the movement aims to increase the use of Māori in the home, in education, government and business. The movement is part of a broader Māori Renaissance.

Until World War II (1939–1945) most Māori people spoke Māori as their first language but by the 1980s fewer than 20% of Māori spoke the language well enough to be classed as native speakers. The causes of the decline included the switch from using Māori to using English compulsorily in schools and increasing urbanisation, which disconnected younger generations from their extended families and in particular their grandparents, who traditionally played a large part in family life. Even many of those people no longer spoke Māori in the home. As a result, many Māori children failed to learn their ancestral language, and generations of non-Māori-speaking Māori emerged.

In response, Māori leaders initiated Māori-language recovery-programs such as the Kōhanga Reo (literally, "language nest"[1]) movement, which from 1982 immersed infants in Māori from infancy to school age. In 1989 official support was given for Kura Kaupapa Māori - primary and secondary Māori-language immersion schools.

Māori Language Week[edit]

A government-sponsored initiative, te wiki o te reo Māori has been celebrated since 1975 and is intended to encourage New Zealanders to learn or at least support Māori.

Māori Language Act and Māori Language Commission[edit]

The Māori Language Act 1987 was passed as a response to the Waitangi Tribunal finding that the Māori language was a taonga, treasure or valued possession, under the Treaty of Waitangi.[2]

The Act gave Te Reo Māori official language status, and gave speakers a right to use it in legal settings such as in court. It also established the Māori Language Commission (initially called Te Komihana Mo Te Reo Māori but later renamed Te Taura Whiri I Te Reo Māori) to promote the language and provide advice on it.

Kōhanga reo[edit]

Kōhanga reo (Māori: literally "language nest") is a whānau (family) development and language revitalisation initiative grounded in Māori cultural principles and ideals. It facilitates the growth and development of mokopuna (children) through the transmission of Māori language, knowledge and culture. The kōhanga reo movement operates from the Māori philosophical world view and is principally guided by kaumātua (respected elders).

Individual Kōhanga Reo are autonomously run by their respective whānau, which consists of a "collective group of teachers, parents, local elders, and members of the Māori community.[3]" While funded by governmental quarterly grants from the Te Kōhanga Reo National Trust, Kōhanga Reo often also charge additional fees to cover operational costs. These fees, determined by each whānau, are generally comparable to or less expensive than traditional child-care.[4]

Conducted entirely in the medium of Māori language, kōhanga reo is an environment where 0 – 6 year olds,[5] kaumātua and whānau spend time together talking, playing, praying and learning. Daily activities may take place anywhere that is safe and warm including marae (traditional Māori buildings), converted homes or purpose-built centres.

Emerging in the late 1970s at the direction of kaumātua, kōhanga reo was an immediate and urgent response to the decline of te reo Māori (Māori language) and tikanga Māori (Māori culture, cultural habits and practices). Jean Puketapu and Iritana Tawhiwhirangi were among the early leaders when the first kōhanga reo was founded in Wainuiomata in 1982.[6] Three years later there were over 300 operating.[6]

The success of kōhanga reo is such that they have been followed by the establishment of primary schools and secondary schools (Kura Kaupapa Māori) where Māori is the primary language of instruction. The role of Maori language in education in New Zealand is enshrined in the Education Act 1989.[7]

The kōhanga reo concept has led to other before-school initiatives in New Zealand that instruct in Pacific languages, e.g. Fijian, Rarotongan, Samoan, and Tongan and other countries adopting a similar concept. A notable example being Pūnana Leo established in Hawaii to revitalise the indigenous Hawaiian language.[8]

Politics[edit]

The Māori Party election campaigns often feature increased roles for reo Māori; in 2011 it wanted to require all secondary schools offer Māori language as an option to every student.[9]

Kura Kaupapa Māori[edit]

Kura Kaupapa Māori are Māori immersion primary schools.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Te Kohanga Reo - Te Tau Ihu o Te Waka o Maui
  2. ^ Dana, Peterson (14 March 2000). "Te Reo Māori - the Māori language" (PDF). New Zealand Parliamentary Library. pp. 1–9 [3]. Retrieved 14 February 2013. 
  3. ^ King, Jeanette. 2001. Te kōhanga reo: Māori language revitalization. In The green book of language revitalization in practice, ed. Leanne Hinton and Ken Hale, 123. New York: Academic Press.
  4. ^ King, Jeanette. 2001. Te kōhanga reo: Māori language revitalization. In The green book of language revitalization in practice, ed. Leanne Hinton and Ken Hale, 119–128. New York: Academic Press.
  5. ^ Schooling is compulsory from age 6 in New Zealand
  6. ^ a b Thomson, Rebecca (14 November 2015). "Celebrating New Zealand's first kohanga reo - 150 Years of News". The Dominion Post. Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  7. ^ Education Act 1989
  8. ^ Neason, Alexandria. "How Hawaiian Came Back From the Dead". www.slate.com. Slate. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  9. ^ Tahana, Yvonne (10 November 2011). "Maori Party wants te reo available to all". nzherald.co.nz. Retrieved 25 November 2011. The Maori Party wants to make te reo 'compulsorily available' in schools by 2015 but students wouldn't be compelled to take the subject. 
  10. ^ "Education Act 1989, Section 155: Kura Kaupapa Maori". http://www.legislation.govt.nz. Retrieved 10 May 2017.  External link in |website= (help)

External links[edit]

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