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Hawaii: A Portrait of the Korean American Experience
Hawaii: A Portrait of the Korean American Experience
Published: 2016/03/04
Channel: Chloe Kagesa
Koreans in Hawaii - Duk Hee Lee Murabayashi
Koreans in Hawaii - Duk Hee Lee Murabayashi
Published: 2014/04/30
Channel: ThinkTech Hawaii
Korean Immigration to the United States (1903-1905)
Korean Immigration to the United States (1903-1905)
Published: 2010/03/31
Channel: aaaricuny
Korean Immigration to the United States (1903-1905)
Korean Immigration to the United States (1903-1905)
Published: 2014/02/07
Channel: aaaricuny
Christianity, American Missionaries, and Korean Immigration to the United States, 1903 to 191
Christianity, American Missionaries, and Korean Immigration to the United States, 1903 to 191
Published: 2014/10/30
Channel: Christianity
Christianity, American Missionaries, and Korean Immigration to the United States, 1903 to 1915
Christianity, American Missionaries, and Korean Immigration to the United States, 1903 to 1915
Published: 2013/09/22
Channel: Royal Asiatic Society Korea Branch
the 21st Century Special Envoy to The Hague – Hawaii Team
the 21st Century Special Envoy to The Hague – Hawaii Team
Published: 2015/11/02
Channel: Vank prkorea
Chinese Immigration to Hawaii
Chinese Immigration to Hawaii
Published: 2010/05/20
Channel: jensenzen
Oregon: Adopted Korean man fights deportation
Oregon: Adopted Korean man fights deportation
Published: 2015/04/06
Channel: KHON2 News
Chinese in Hawaii with Douglas Chong
Chinese in Hawaii with Douglas Chong
Published: 2013/08/28
Channel: ThinkTech Hawaii
PBS HAWAII PRESENTS - Canefield Songs: Holehole Bushi
PBS HAWAII PRESENTS - Canefield Songs: Holehole Bushi
Published: 2015/09/18
Channel: PBSHawaiiorg
Hawaiian Asians vs Mainland Asians
Hawaiian Asians vs Mainland Asians
Published: 2014/09/21
Channel: UUtv 먹어볼까?
MHH Yobo Immigration Project
MHH Yobo Immigration Project
Published: 2012/10/25
Channel: lalala300
Japanese Migration to Hawaii
Japanese Migration to Hawaii
Published: 2012/03/05
Channel: chelsyandambershow
Modern History of Hawaii; Asian immigrants
Modern History of Hawaii; Asian immigrants
Published: 2015/09/30
Channel: Tanya Adams
Hawaii Sugar Cane Worker: A Day In The Life - on BITV
Hawaii Sugar Cane Worker: A Day In The Life - on BITV
Published: 2011/01/27
Channel: Big Island Television, Hawaii
Nuclear North Korea: What Are Trump
Nuclear North Korea: What Are Trump's Options?
Published: 2017/03/15
Channel: The Daily Conversation
ASIAN AUSTRALIANS vs. ASIAN AMERICANS
ASIAN AUSTRALIANS vs. ASIAN AMERICANS
Published: 2014/10/02
Channel: FUNG BROS.
Bboy Part 1 Korean Immigration Anniversary
Bboy Part 1 Korean Immigration Anniversary
Published: 2015/01/17
Channel: Holyfiremikey
County Council Declares Jan. 13th Korean-American Day
County Council Declares Jan. 13th Korean-American Day
Published: 2016/01/12
Channel: myMCMedia
Hawaii Claims Temporary Immigration Ban Is Establishment of State Religion
Hawaii Claims Temporary Immigration Ban Is Establishment of State Religion
Published: 2017/03/08
Channel: Styxhexenhammer666
Fluffy Visits Saudi Arabia - Gabriel Iglesias (from Aloha Fluffy: Gabriel Iglesias Live from Hawaii)
Fluffy Visits Saudi Arabia - Gabriel Iglesias (from Aloha Fluffy: Gabriel Iglesias Live from Hawaii)
Published: 2013/04/28
Channel: Gabriel Iglesias
A Story about How an Old Lady Brought Change to a Hawaii Public Library
A Story about How an Old Lady Brought Change to a Hawaii Public Library
Published: 2014/11/19
Channel: Vank prkorea
(HD) Chicago O
(HD) Chicago O'Hare & Honolulu International Airport - Terminal Planespotting Journal
Published: 2016/05/21
Channel: Jay's O'HareAviation Plane Spotting HD
Honoring Hawaii
Honoring Hawaii's Filipino troops in World War II
Published: 2015/06/08
Channel: KITV
HAWAIIAN SHELTERS: Lawmakers Ask State To Prepare  Its Citizens For North  Korean Threats.
HAWAIIAN SHELTERS: Lawmakers Ask State To Prepare Its Citizens For North Korean Threats.
Published: 2017/04/22
Channel: MLordandGod
Preview of "Aloha Fluffy: Gabriel Iglesias - LIVE from Hawaii" (new special)
Preview of "Aloha Fluffy: Gabriel Iglesias - LIVE from Hawaii" (new special)
Published: 2013/04/06
Channel: Gabriel Iglesias
Mga Pinoy TNT sa Hawaii, nangangambang mapauwi dahil sa immigration policy ni Trump
Mga Pinoy TNT sa Hawaii, nangangambang mapauwi dahil sa immigration policy ni Trump
Published: 2017/02/08
Channel: GMA News
"Livin
"Livin' Life" - Gabriel Iglesias- (From Hot & Fluffy comedy special)
Published: 2010/05/03
Channel: Gabriel Iglesias
Gabriel Iglesias - Showtime at the Apollo (1998)
Gabriel Iglesias - Showtime at the Apollo (1998)
Published: 2016/12/06
Channel: Gabriel Iglesias
Assembly Proclaims January 13th Korean-American Day
Assembly Proclaims January 13th Korean-American Day
Published: 2016/01/15
Channel: AssemblyAccess
History of Korean United Methodists
History of Korean United Methodists
Published: 2014/05/29
Channel: United Methodist Videos
Hawaii, USA 13 Collage Video - youtube.com/tanvideo11
Hawaii, USA 13 Collage Video - youtube.com/tanvideo11
Published: 2013/12/25
Channel: tanvideo11
ENG SUB EXO star show 360 UNSEEN
ENG SUB EXO star show 360 UNSEEN
Published: 2016/09/27
Channel: Look here Hey
41-year-old Adoptee Deported After 37 Years in the U.S. (HBO)
41-year-old Adoptee Deported After 37 Years in the U.S. (HBO)
Published: 2017/06/07
Channel: VICE News
Homefront Movie Cutscenes
Homefront Movie Cutscenes
Published: 2014/09/25
Channel: iampanax
'The Daily Show' Host Trevor Noah Meets Ellen
Published: 2015/10/28
Channel: TheEllenShow
"Drive Thru Voice" - Gabriel Iglesias
"Drive Thru Voice" - Gabriel Iglesias
Published: 2009/11/01
Channel: Gabriel Iglesias
Dai Sil Kim-Gibson
Dai Sil Kim-Gibson
Published: 2015/11/14
Channel: The Vilcek Foundation
"Broke Back Mexican" - Gabriel Iglesias- (From Hot & Fluffy comedy special)
"Broke Back Mexican" - Gabriel Iglesias- (From Hot & Fluffy comedy special)
Published: 2010/05/03
Channel: Gabriel Iglesias
Life as a North Korean Defector
Life as a North Korean Defector
Published: 2014/05/03
Channel: TDtravelz
"Dance, Dance, Revolution" - Gabriel Iglesias (from my I
"Dance, Dance, Revolution" - Gabriel Iglesias (from my I'm Not Fat... I'm Fluffy comedy special)
Published: 2011/05/14
Channel: Gabriel Iglesias
Pukiki, The Portuguese Americans of Hawai
Pukiki, The Portuguese Americans of Hawai'i
Published: 2008/02/08
Channel: hopemediaproductions
stand up comedian & actress Margaret Cho in Hawaii. KOREANS
stand up comedian & actress Margaret Cho in Hawaii. KOREANS
Published: 2008/07/08
Channel: Asami Tamaki
"Terrorists vs Indians" | Russell Peters - Outsourced
"Terrorists vs Indians" | Russell Peters - Outsourced
Published: 2016/11/01
Channel: Russell Peters
Theodore Roosevelt and the British Empire: A Study in Presidential Statecraft (1998)
Theodore Roosevelt and the British Empire: A Study in Presidential Statecraft (1998)
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: Way Back
GABRIEL IGLESIAS
GABRIEL IGLESIAS
Published: 2016/02/23
Channel: MyTalkShowHeroes
Let’s Play Homefront | Part 1 | North Korean Invasion
Let’s Play Homefront | Part 1 | North Korean Invasion
Published: 2015/01/06
Channel: Lyxonis
Voices from the Canefields: Folksongs from Japanese Immigrant Workers in Hawaii
Voices from the Canefields: Folksongs from Japanese Immigrant Workers in Hawaii
Published: 2014/01/31
Channel: LibraryOfCongress
immigration lawyer
immigration lawyer
Published: 2016/10/25
Channel: Mesothelioma Lawyer
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Kōlea
Total population
48,699 (2010)[1]
Regions with significant populations
Languages
English, Korean
Religion
Presbyterianism, Methodism, Buddhism

Korean immigration to Hawaii has been constant since the early 20th century. There have been two distinct points at which immigration has peaked: the first in 1903, and the second in 1965. On January 13, 2003, George W. Bush made a special proclamation honoring the Centennial of Korean Immigration to the United States, recognizing the contributions of Korean Americans to the nation.

Origins[edit]

The first large group of Korean immigrants arrived in the United States on January 13, 1903. The Korean Empire had issued its first English-language passports to these immigrants the previous year.[2] They travelled on the RMS Gaelic and landed in Hawaii. The passengers were a diverse group with various ages and backgrounds. Among the group were fifty-six men recruited as labourers for sugarcane plantations located on various islands in the Territory of Hawaii, as well as twenty-one women and twenty-five children. Within two years of the first arrival of Korean immigrants, the number of Koreans who had migrated to Hawaii had grown to more than 7,000.[3]

The Purpose of Korean immigration to America[edit]

The first large group of Korean Immigrants settled in America between 1901 and 1905. Between those years 7,226 immigrants, including 6,048 men, 637 women, and 541 children, came on 65 trips. Most of the early immigrants of that period had some contract with American missionaries in Korea. For some Western-oriented Korean intellectuals, immigrating to the United States was considered useful, in part, to help them in the modernization of their homeland. Consequently, the recruiter for labourers for the Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association (HSPA), David Deshler, had no trouble finding Koreans from a wide range of social classes willing to sail to Hawaii.[4]

According to Dr. Wayne Patterson during his speech to the Royal Asiatic Society (posted on YouTube September 21, 2013) the transfer of Koreans to Hawaii was against the US Emigration Laws regarding foreign Contract Laborers. Deshler recruited Koreans as strike breakers because Japanese laborers working in the Hawaiian plantations were on strike against the owners of the plantations. Some of the same American business people who overthrew the Hawaiian Monarchy were in collusion with Dr. Horace Allen and Deshler to conjure up a plan to get away with breaking the US Emigration Laws to deal with Japanese worker's strike problems. Most of the Koreans came to Hawaii in 1903 to 1905 through a money laundering scam that paid for the boat passengers' fares from Korea to Hawaii violating the law. In some cases the Koreans were forced to pay back their fare money to the HSPA. Many immigrants did not like the situation in Hawaii and escaped to California.

Decades of new hope, hardships and barriers[edit]

Within a century the Korean population in America exploded from roughly seven thousand to about two million.[5]

King Gojong (1852–1919) reigned in Korea at the time of the first migration to America and played a crucial part in the lives of Koreans abroad. Christian missionaries had found their way to Korea during King Gojong's reign. By the 1890s, American missionaries were the most influential in spreading Christianity in Korea. Dr. Horace Allen, missionary-turned-diplomat, was embroiled in Korean politics and in effect was the representative for American trade. The missionaries brought not only Christianity, but also capitalism, Western learning, and Western culture. Many of the immigrants had converted to Christianity.[5]

Protestant evangelism in Korea was predominantly Methodist and Presbyterian. The two Protestant groups decided not to overlap their evangelizing activities. They agreed that the Methodist mission in Hawai'i would minister to the Korean immigrants.[5]

Korea's first formal treaty with America was in May 1882. The treaty was preceded by America's forgotten "little war" of bloody exchanges between the two countries. The little-known episode in American history involved a heavily armed American ship, the Colorado, entering Korean waters and landing its soldiers on Ganghwa Island. A battle ensued in which more than three hundred Koreans and three American soldiers were killed.[5]

The Americans later returned pursuing a treaty, resulting in the Treaty of Amity and Commerce in 1882. Among other things, the treaty contained a provision allowing Korean immigration to America. The first group of immigrants came from Rev. George Heber Jones' Methodist parish in Jemulpo (Inchon).[5]

  • Immigrants prior to 1903: Historical statistics of Hawai'i indicate there were sixteen Koreans in the Territory of Hawai'i in 1902. Some are said to have been ginseng merchants in disguise who came using Chinese passports. One of these ginseng merchants was Choo Eun Yang, who came to Hawai'i and transmigrated to San Francisco around 1898. He became active in the Korean community there, became prosperous, and lived to the age of 102. Among other immigrants, Sung Pong Chang worked for the Circuit Court of Hawai'i and for the Honolulu Police Department as an interpreter until he died in 1949.[5]
  • Four famous Korean immigrants: Dr. Philip Jaisohn (1866–1951), Dr. Syngman Rhee (1875–1965), Dosan Ahn Chang Ho (1878–1938), and Young Man Pak (1877–1928). See also List of notable Korean Americans in Hawaii.[5]

Koreatown[edit]

Korean businesses congregate on Keeaumoku Street, which earned the nickname "Koreamoku." Although it has not been officially designated as a Koreatown, the Koreatown designation has been considered by the State of Hawaii within the past few years.[6]

Notable Korean Americans in Hawaii[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census Bureau: QT-P8: Race Reporting for the Asian Population by Selected Categories: 2010
  2. ^ Choi, Zihn (Winter 2002). "Early Korean Immigrants to America: Their Role in the Establishment of the Republic of Korea" (PDF). East Asian Review. 14 (4): 43–71. Retrieved 2012-08-11. 
  3. ^ Chang and Patterson 2003, pp. vii-ix
  4. ^ Chang and Patterson 2003
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Chang and Patterson 2003, pp. 1-10
  6. ^ "Options of the Establishment of a Koreatown in the City and County of Honolulu" (PDF). Office of Planning, Department of Business, Economic Development & Tourism, State of Hawaii. Retrieved 2015-02-22. 

References[edit]

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