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Hawaii: A Portrait of the Korean American Experience
Hawaii: A Portrait of the Korean American Experience
Published: 2016/03/04
Channel: Chloe Kagesa
Koreans in Hawaii - Duk Hee Lee Murabayashi
Koreans in Hawaii - Duk Hee Lee Murabayashi
Published: 2014/04/30
Channel: ThinkTech Hawaii
Korean Immigration to the United States (1903-1905)
Korean Immigration to the United States (1903-1905)
Published: 2010/03/31
Channel: aaaricuny
Hawaii Korean Festival 2017 in Honolulu
Hawaii Korean Festival 2017 in Honolulu
Published: 2017/08/15
Channel: Honolulu News
Korean Immigration to the United States (1903-1905)
Korean Immigration to the United States (1903-1905)
Published: 2014/02/07
Channel: aaaricuny
Hawaii Korean Festival 2017 in Honolulu
Hawaii Korean Festival 2017 in Honolulu
Published: 2017/08/14
Channel: Honolulu News
Chinese Immigration to Hawaii
Chinese Immigration to Hawaii
Published: 2010/05/20
Channel: jensenzen
Christianity, American Missionaries, and Korean Immigration to the United States, 1903 to 191
Christianity, American Missionaries, and Korean Immigration to the United States, 1903 to 191
Published: 2014/10/30
Channel: Christianity
Oregon: Adopted Korean man fights deportation
Oregon: Adopted Korean man fights deportation
Published: 2015/04/06
Channel: KHON2 News
10 Urban Legends That Turned Out To Be True
10 Urban Legends That Turned Out To Be True
Published: 2016/10/05
Channel: Facts Verse
Documenting the History of Korean Immigration to the U.S.
Documenting the History of Korean Immigration to the U.S.
Published: 2016/12/23
Channel: Tae Yun Kim
Chinese in Hawaii with Douglas Chong
Chinese in Hawaii with Douglas Chong
Published: 2013/08/28
Channel: ThinkTech Hawaii
NO WAIT ICN Airport Immigration | Travel Hack
NO WAIT ICN Airport Immigration | Travel Hack
Published: 2017/05/28
Channel: TMAN
The Japan-America Society of Hawaii sends Student Ambassadors to Japan
The Japan-America Society of Hawaii sends Student Ambassadors to Japan
Published: 2015/06/24
Channel: KHON2 News
Japanese Immigration to Hawaii
Japanese Immigration to Hawaii
Published: 2015/11/17
Channel: Jeff Gere
PBS HAWAII PRESENTS - Canefield Songs: Holehole Bushi
PBS HAWAII PRESENTS - Canefield Songs: Holehole Bushi
Published: 2015/09/18
Channel: PBSHawaiiorg
Restoring Power to Micronesians in Hawaii
Restoring Power to Micronesians in Hawaii
Published: 2016/11/29
Channel: ThinkTech Hawaii
Park Geun-hye
Park Geun-hye's life: from 1st Korean female president to the 3rd president to be arrested
Published: 2017/03/31
Channel: CGTN
Honolulu West & Kauai Stakes: Asian immigrants
Honolulu West & Kauai Stakes: Asian immigrants
Published: 2010/11/28
Channel: Mike Foley
THIS MEANS WAR! Trump Just Threatened To ATTACK North Korea If They Don’t Do THIS Immediately!
THIS MEANS WAR! Trump Just Threatened To ATTACK North Korea If They Don’t Do THIS Immediately!
Published: 2017/03/18
Channel: Not Fake News
Hawaii Claims Temporary Immigration Ban Is Establishment of State Religion
Hawaii Claims Temporary Immigration Ban Is Establishment of State Religion
Published: 2017/03/08
Channel: Styxhexenhammer666
the 21st Century Special Envoy to The Hague – Hawaii Team
the 21st Century Special Envoy to The Hague – Hawaii Team
Published: 2015/11/02
Channel: Vank prkorea
Christianity, American Missionaries, and Korean Immigration to the United States, 1903 to 1915
Christianity, American Missionaries, and Korean Immigration to the United States, 1903 to 1915
Published: 2013/09/22
Channel: Royal Asiatic Society Korea Branch
Breaking!!! Hawaii Proposes Another Ban And It
Breaking!!! Hawaii Proposes Another Ban And It's Bad
Published: 2017/07/15
Channel: End Times Prophecy News
A Story about How an Old Lady Brought Change to a Hawaii Public Library
A Story about How an Old Lady Brought Change to a Hawaii Public Library
Published: 2014/11/19
Channel: Vank prkorea
America
America's Sources of Immigration (1850-Today)
Published: 2016/12/13
Channel: The Daily Conversation
HAWAII Prepares for NK Strike to Hit Honolulu within 20 MINUTES of Launch
HAWAII Prepares for NK Strike to Hit Honolulu within 20 MINUTES of Launch
Published: 2017/08/09
Channel: US News Today
Hawaii judge halts Donald Trump
Hawaii judge halts Donald Trump's travel ban
Published: 2017/03/16
Channel: Al Jazeera English
ASIAN AUSTRALIANS vs. ASIAN AMERICANS
ASIAN AUSTRALIANS vs. ASIAN AMERICANS
Published: 2014/10/02
Channel: FUNG BROS.
A look inside Hawaii
A look inside Hawaii's preparation for possible missile attack
Published: 2017/07/27
Channel: CBS This Morning
MHH Yobo Immigration Project
MHH Yobo Immigration Project
Published: 2012/10/25
Channel: lalala300
Mga Pinoy TNT sa Hawaii, nangangambang mapauwi dahil sa immigration policy ni Trump
Mga Pinoy TNT sa Hawaii, nangangambang mapauwi dahil sa immigration policy ni Trump
Published: 2017/02/08
Channel: GMA News
Park Geun Hye as a young woman in Hawaii
Park Geun Hye as a young woman in Hawaii
Published: 2013/07/10
Channel: urbanworld120
Hawaii is fighting the travel ban
Hawaii is fighting the travel ban
Published: 2017/06/30
Channel: CBS News
North Korea
North Korea's Darkest Secrets Documentary 2017
Published: 2017/03/27
Channel: First Documentary
Nuclear North Korea: What Are Trump
Nuclear North Korea: What Are Trump's Options?
Published: 2017/03/15
Channel: The Daily Conversation
Bboy Part 1 Korean Immigration Anniversary
Bboy Part 1 Korean Immigration Anniversary
Published: 2015/01/17
Channel: Holyfiremikey
County Council Declares Jan. 13th Korean-American Day
County Council Declares Jan. 13th Korean-American Day
Published: 2016/01/12
Channel: myMCMedia
41-year-old Adoptee Deported After 37 Years in the U.S. (HBO)
41-year-old Adoptee Deported After 37 Years in the U.S. (HBO)
Published: 2017/06/07
Channel: VICE News
6 Signs You
6 Signs You're Becoming Your Asian Parents
Published: 2015/07/09
Channel: Boldly
Honoring Hawaii
Honoring Hawaii's Filipino troops in World War II
Published: 2015/06/08
Channel: KITV
History of Korean United Methodists
History of Korean United Methodists
Published: 2014/05/29
Channel: United Methodist Videos
Pukiki, The Portuguese Americans of Hawai
Pukiki, The Portuguese Americans of Hawai'i
Published: 2008/02/08
Channel: hopemediaproductions
Fluffy Visits Saudi Arabia - Gabriel Iglesias (from Aloha Fluffy: Gabriel Iglesias Live from Hawaii)
Fluffy Visits Saudi Arabia - Gabriel Iglesias (from Aloha Fluffy: Gabriel Iglesias Live from Hawaii)
Published: 2013/04/28
Channel: Gabriel Iglesias
"Livin
"Livin' Life" - Gabriel Iglesias- (From Hot & Fluffy comedy special)
Published: 2010/05/03
Channel: Gabriel Iglesias
Preview of "Aloha Fluffy: Gabriel Iglesias - LIVE from Hawaii" (new special)
Preview of "Aloha Fluffy: Gabriel Iglesias - LIVE from Hawaii" (new special)
Published: 2013/04/06
Channel: Gabriel Iglesias
[KSTYLE TV] Ranting Monkey EP11 - Chill, No Chill
[KSTYLE TV] Ranting Monkey EP11 - Chill, No Chill
Published: 2016/10/14
Channel: KSTYLE TV
Hawaiian Journey (Japanese Ver 2)
Hawaiian Journey (Japanese Ver 2)
Published: 2017/03/10
Channel: polynesiancultural
What Japanese Think of Half-Japanese People? (Interview)
What Japanese Think of Half-Japanese People? (Interview)
Published: 2015/11/23
Channel: That Japanese Man Yuta
President Trump Holds Emotional Round Table with Victims of  Immigration Crime
President Trump Holds Emotional Round Table with Victims of Immigration Crime
Published: 2017/06/28
Channel: LIVE SATELLITE NEWS
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Kōlea
Total population
48,699 (2010)[1]
Regions with significant populations
Languages
English, Korean
Religion
Presbyterianism, Methodism, Buddhism

Korean immigration to Hawaii has been constant since the early 20th century. There have been two distinct points at which immigration has peaked: the first in 1903, and the second in 1965. On January 13, 2003, George W. Bush made a special proclamation honoring the Centennial of Korean Immigration to the United States, recognizing the contributions of Korean Americans to the nation.

Origins[edit]

The first large group of Korean immigrants arrived in the United States on January 13, 1903. The Korean Empire had issued its first English-language passports to these immigrants the previous year.[2] They travelled on the RMS Gaelic and landed in Hawaii. The passengers were a diverse group with various ages and backgrounds. Among the group were fifty-six men recruited as labourers for sugarcane plantations located on various islands in the Territory of Hawaii, as well as twenty-one women and twenty-five children. Within two years of the first arrival of Korean immigrants, the number of Koreans who had migrated to Hawaii had grown to more than 7,000.[3]

The Purpose of Korean immigration to America[edit]

The first large group of Korean Immigrants settled in America between 1901 and 1905. Between those years 7,226 immigrants, including 6,048 men, 637 women, and 541 children, came on 65 trips. Most of the early immigrants of that period had some contract with American missionaries in Korea. For some Western-oriented Korean intellectuals, immigrating to the United States was considered useful, in part, to help them in the modernization of their homeland. Consequently, the recruiter for labourers for the Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association (HSPA), David Deshler, had no trouble finding Koreans from a wide range of social classes willing to sail to Hawaii.[4]

According to Dr. Wayne Patterson during his speech to the Royal Asiatic Society (posted on YouTube September 21, 2013) the transfer of Koreans to Hawaii was against the US Emigration Laws regarding foreign Contract Laborers. Deshler recruited Koreans as strike breakers because Japanese laborers working in the Hawaiian plantations were on strike against the owners of the plantations. Some of the same American business people who overthrew the Hawaiian Monarchy were in collusion with Dr. Horace Allen and Deshler to conjure up a plan to get away with breaking the US Emigration Laws to deal with Japanese worker's strike problems. Most of the Koreans came to Hawaii in 1903 to 1905 through a money laundering scam that paid for the boat passengers' fares from Korea to Hawaii violating the law. In some cases the Koreans were forced to pay back their fare money to the HSPA. Many immigrants did not like the situation in Hawaii and escaped to California.

Decades of new hope, hardships and barriers[edit]

Within a century the Korean population in America exploded from roughly seven thousand to about two million.[5]

King Gojong (1852–1919) reigned in Korea at the time of the first migration to America and played a crucial part in the lives of Koreans abroad. Christian missionaries had found their way to Korea during King Gojong's reign. By the 1890s, American missionaries were the most influential in spreading Christianity in Korea. Dr. Horace Allen, missionary-turned-diplomat, was embroiled in Korean politics and in effect was the representative for American trade. The missionaries brought not only Christianity, but also capitalism, Western learning, and Western culture. Many of the immigrants had converted to Christianity.[5]

Protestant evangelism in Korea was predominantly Methodist and Presbyterian. The two Protestant groups decided not to overlap their evangelizing activities. They agreed that the Methodist mission in Hawai'i would minister to the Korean immigrants.[5]

Korea's first formal treaty with America was in May 1882. The treaty was preceded by America's forgotten "little war" of bloody exchanges between the two countries. The little-known episode in American history involved a heavily armed American ship, the Colorado, entering Korean waters and landing its soldiers on Ganghwa Island. A battle ensued in which more than three hundred Koreans and three American soldiers were killed.[5]

The Americans later returned pursuing a treaty, resulting in the Treaty of Amity and Commerce in 1882. Among other things, the treaty contained a provision allowing Korean immigration to America. The first group of immigrants came from Rev. George Heber Jones' Methodist parish in Jemulpo (Inchon).[5]

  • Immigrants prior to 1903: Historical statistics of Hawai'i indicate there were sixteen Koreans in the Territory of Hawai'i in 1902. Some are said to have been ginseng merchants in disguise who came using Chinese passports. One of these ginseng merchants was Choo Eun Yang, who came to Hawai'i and transmigrated to San Francisco around 1898. He became active in the Korean community there, became prosperous, and lived to the age of 102. Among other immigrants, Sung Pong Chang worked for the Circuit Court of Hawai'i and for the Honolulu Police Department as an interpreter until he died in 1949.[5]
  • Four famous Korean immigrants: Dr. Philip Jaisohn (1866–1951), Dr. Syngman Rhee (1875–1965), Dosan Ahn Chang Ho (1878–1938), and Young Man Pak (1877–1928). See also List of notable Korean Americans in Hawaii.[5]

Koreatown[edit]

Korean businesses congregate on Keeaumoku Street, which earned the nickname "Koreamoku." Although it has not been officially designated as a Koreatown, the Koreatown designation has been considered by the State of Hawaii within the past few years.[6]

Notable Korean Americans in Hawaii[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census Bureau: QT-P8: Race Reporting for the Asian Population by Selected Categories: 2010
  2. ^ Choi, Zihn (Winter 2002). "Early Korean Immigrants to America: Their Role in the Establishment of the Republic of Korea" (PDF). East Asian Review. 14 (4): 43–71. Retrieved 2012-08-11. 
  3. ^ Chang and Patterson 2003, pp. vii-ix
  4. ^ Chang and Patterson 2003
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Chang and Patterson 2003, pp. 1-10
  6. ^ "Options of the Establishment of a Koreatown in the City and County of Honolulu" (PDF). Office of Planning, Department of Business, Economic Development & Tourism, State of Hawaii. Retrieved 2015-02-22. 

References[edit]

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