|Mission type||ABM radar target|
|Launch date||24 November 1969
|Carrier rocket||Kosmos-2I 63SM|
|Launch site||Plesetsk Site 133/1|
|Orbital decay||10 March 1970|
|Mass||325 kilograms (720 lb)|
|Apoapsis||438 kilometres (272 mi)|
|Periapsis||263 kilometres (163 mi)|
|Orbital period||91.5 minutes|
Kosmos 311 (Russian: Космос 311 meaning Cosmos 311), known before launch as DS-P1-Yu #27, was a Soviet satellite which was launched in 1969 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme. It was a 325-kilogram (720 lb) spacecraft, which was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau, and was used as a radar calibration target for anti-ballistic missile tests.
Kosmos 311 was launched from Site 133/1 at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome, atop a Kosmos-2I 63SM carrier rocket. The launch occurred on 24 November 1969 at 11:00:04 UTC, and resulted in the successful deployment of Kosmos 311 into low Earth orbit. Upon reaching orbit, it was assigned its Kosmos designation, and received the International Designator 1969-102A.
Kosmos 311 was operated in an orbit with a perigee of 263 kilometres (163 mi), an apogee of 438 kilometres (272 mi), 71 degrees of inclination, and an orbital period of 91.5 minutes. It remained in orbit until it decayed and reentered the atmosphere on 10 March 1970. It was the twenty-seventh of seventy nine DS-P1-Yu satellites to be launched, and the twenty-fifth of seventy two to successfully reach orbit.
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