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Krishnagar/ ‘Reui’ (রেউই/रेउइ)
External view of Royal Palace
|• Body||Krishnanagar Municipality|
|• Total||18.48 km2 (7.14 sq mi)|
|Elevation||14 m (46 ft)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Krishnanagar|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Krishnanagar Uttar/Krishnanagar dakshin (Vidhan Sabha constituency)|
Krishnanagar // is a city and administrative/district headquarters of Nadia district (नदिया/নদিয়া) in the Indian state of West Bengal. Krishnanagar is situated on the southern banks of the Jalangi river. She is claimed to be named after Krishna Chandra Ray (1728 – 1782). The Rajbari built here during the reign of zaminder Krishna Chandra Roy is a prominent place of tourist attraction though the remnants of the past glory have been eroded and only a dilapidated structure of the exquisite places with carving on its inner walls exists today.
Krishnanagar is located at  It has an average elevation of 14 metres (45 feet). Krishnanagar is beside the Jalangi River. The Tropic of Cancer passes through outskirts of Krishnanagar, Coordinates of Tropic of Cancer: 23°26'5"N 88°28'2"E..
Krishnanagar municipality was established in the year 1864.This place got its name after the famous king called Raja Krishnachandra who resided in this region. He was responsible for the growth of creative arts and crafts which got acclamation from the entire state of West Bengal.
There are some historically famous places of interest in Krishnanagar such as the Rajbari or the residence of Raja Krishnachandra. The main feature of this Rajbari is the Goddess Durga temple which is situated in the courtyard of the royal palace. This is the time when the common people can actually witness the grandeur of the royalties.
Since Krishnanagar can also be termed as situated on suburbs of River Ganges, the coconut tree is found everywhere. Other common trees are neem, peepal, banyan, mango and litchi that grow naturally. But recent urbanization has introduced laburnam, red cotton, and other trees by the roadside. People take a lot of interest in planting fruit trees.
Bethuadahari Forest : There are various types of grasses that grow naturally on the free ground, as this land was perfect for agriculture before construction work took over. Farming was in full swing, sugarcane, wheat and vegetables were grown in great extent along with mango, jamun and guavas.
There are great number of birds in Krishnanagar including sparrows, crows, mynahs, bulbuls, kingfishers, prinias, and bushchats. Sometimes, with an eye for detail, birds like barbets, munias, and wheateaters. Bethuadahari Forest may be spotted at certain places. Bird watchers may also spot birds varying from cormorants to jacanaa and seagulls. More than 55 species are always present, and around the same number is seasonal and can be spotted during September–November. Village areas are not far of for nature viewing.
Krishnanagar is an important centre for culture and literature. It counts literary figures such as Bharat Chandra, Ramprasad Sen, Dwijendralal Ray and Narayan Sanyal among many others. There is a vibrant culture of literary exchange among small groups of writers and poets.Born here are Sudhir Chakraborty( BOUL FAKIR KATHA),Debdas Acharya and Subodh Sarkar.But some creative figures too honoured this ancient place and are those-Subhash Mukhopadhyay,Sudhir Chakraborty, Sanjib Pramanik,Debdas Acharya.There is also a strong tradition of stage acting.
The second place of interest in Krishnanagar is the famous area called Ghurni which is the neighborhood of the clay artists. Raja Krishnachandra invited a few of the families of these clay artists in this region. Tourists are greatly interested to see these gifted artists working in their studios. The artists produce exact replica of any object we have ever seen by our eyes. Open studios and shops of the artists comprise an important attraction for tourists. It is said that initially it was Raja Krishnachandra who had settled a few families of talented clay artists in the area. Since then the colony has grown and flourished. Some of the artists have recently worked with other media as well.Goutam Pal is among those creative ones. Jagaddhatri Puja is celebrated with great grandeur in Krishnanagar, when lightings from the town of Chandannagar are brought.
In summer, i.e. from April to June, the weather remains hot and temperature ranges from maximum of 35 °C to minimum of 26 °C.
Monsoon season prevails during beginning-June to mid-September. Also retrieving monsoon from mid-October till mid-November
The weather is quite pleasant, the summers and winters are moderate. The level of moisture increases during summers.
|Climate data for Krishnanagar|
|Average high °C (°F)||26.4
|Average low °C (°F)||13.8
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||1
|Average rainy days||4||3||4||6||12||18||23||22||18||11||3||1||125|
|Source: Krishnanagar Weather|
Hemanta Kumar Sarkar, Haripada Chattapadhyaya, Dilip Kumar Roy, Lahiri Mahasaya, Subhash Mukhopadhyay were born in this City. Some others too, having no birth connections with Krishnanagar, became KRISHNANAGARIC and helped reaching the city at the national level. Some of those notable names are - Subhash Mukhopadhyay, Dr. Khudiram Das (Ram Tanu Lahiri Professor,Calcutta University).
Others include the College Bhavan (1846), The Public Library (1856),Anandamoyi Tola Kali Bari (আনন্দময়ীতলা), Siddheshwari Kalibari Mandir, Bishop Morrow School, Krishnanagar Academy and the Protestant Church.
Initially, most of the residents of this city were government employees and there were few agricultural as well as silk traders. Gradually, the importance of the city increased due to its geographic location and now it is also a business hub.The economy is primarily based on small- to medium-scale agro-industries and trades.
The other contributor to the economy is agriculture. Produce of the area are rice, jute, sugar, ceramics, and plywood; sugarmilling is the largest industry. The surrounding region produces mangoes, cattle, poultry and fish. There is unrealized demand for building large food storage, refrigeration and processing plants. Live cattle are smuggled across the nearby border to Bangladesh. There are a few sugar mills. Many expertised gems are to be found in this heritage city.
A shopping Mall named Krishnanagar Sentrum Mall is under construction which will be operational in couple of months. The city is also features Big Bazaar beside of NH34. The city has many big shops which now have become the prime shopping destinations. Style Baazar, Dhakeshwari, Jashoreshwari,City Bazaar Metro are some famous shops at High-Street - another prime market area of the city.
Krishnanagar is also famous for the sweet. Halwaikars or moyras (who prepare sweets) of Krishnanagar are famous. While they produce all varieties of sweets, there are some which bear the hallmark of the city. 'Sarbhaja' and 'Sarpuria' are inventions that mark the talent of Krishnanagar's halwaikars.The sweets are mostly prepared from the raw milk which is collected from the nearby villages. Three shops of Adhar Chandra Das & Sons and Sugar and Spice are famous widely for the above-mentioned sweet variants.
Despite the economic boom in India in the 21st century,there have been no major industrial investment proposals for the city so far. Nowadays real estate business is one of the big business of this city.
Krishnanagar is 100 km north of Kolkata. Being the district headquarters, residents of Krishnanagar enjoy some unique facilities as far as transport is considered: wide roads, intra-city connectivity by auto-rickshaws, cycles,town service buses and magic taxis(aka toto). Express buses are available for places like Kolkata, Malda, Siliguri, Berhampore, Howrah, Purulia, Asansol etc. from the city's Bus Stnd or PWD stand very close to NH 34. Nearest Airport is Netaji Subhash Chandra International Airport (CCU) which is 98 by road.
NH 34 passess through Krishnanagar. As Krishnanagar is the administrative headquarters of the Nadia district and as it stands just in the center position of West Bengal, it acts as the link between North Bengal and South Bengal. There are bus services on regular basis from South Bengal to North Bengal and Vicecersa. All buses that start from Kolkata to North Bengal halt at Krishnanagar( Pantha Tirtha/Church Gate/Palpara). Krishnanagar have main bus stand at the centre of the city, which is destination of various long, mid-and short distance places. It is connected directly to Kolkata, Siliguri by road. Locally it is connected to Ranaghat, Santipur, Mayapur,Nabadwip. Krishnanagar is connected with Nabadwip through Krishnanagar Route no 8. Krishnanagar connected with the Karimpur as well as Palashi para, Majdia.
one of important route is krishnanagar patikabari bus through state highway 11 and via chapra,tehatta,palashipara.patikabari.
Krishnanagar is a junction on the broad gauge [Lalgola branch line] of Eastern Railway. Local EMU trains are the most convenient option to reach Kolkata.All trains going to or coming from Lalgola stop at the Krishnanagar.The MEMU trains departs from Ranaghat heading for Bahrampur and vice versa stops at Krishnanagar. EMU (Broad gauge local) train service between these two cities Santipur and Krishnanagar have started, and will be extended to Nabadwip and will be open for commutaion for passengers shortly. 13103/13104 Sealdah- Lalgola Bhagirathi Express, 13113/13114 Hazarduari Express,Lalgola Fast Passenger, and a few Lalgola Passenger are the trains that run daily. Kolkata-Lalgola tri weekly Express (Dhanadhanye Express) is also an express train that takes the Sealdah-Lalgola route. Ladies special from Krishnanagar to Sealdah runs everyday.
As Krishnanagar is city just beside the river Jalangi(Tributary of River Ganges), one can also avail water transport.Regular boat transport is also available from Krishnanagar to other parts.
As of the[update] 2011 census, Krishnanagar city had a population of 181,182 (Males : 91583, Female : 89599), It is at the centre of a much bigger urban agglomeration which as of the[update] 2011 census, had a population of 2,03,429. The urban agglomeration had a sex ratio of 978 females per 1,000 males. Child sex ratio of girls is 926 per 1000 boys. 7.5% of the population were under six years old. Effective literacy was 88.09 percent of which male and female literacy was 90.84 and 85.29 percent.
The calm lifestyle of this city still evokes a rich cultural environment. Almost all well-to-do parents send their kids to at least one school of art. Among them, dancing, acting, painting, music etc. are the most popular. Several elegant pieces of hand-craft arts can also be found in this region, namely the handcraft in making of carpet, bamboo and jute crafts, miniature paintings. a horticultural research station and jute nursery, and an agricultural training centre. There are various Government and private run schools affiliated to West Bengal Board for Secondary Education,The Indian Council for Secondary Examination (ICSE), Delhi board and Kendriya Vidyalaya affiliated to the CBSE board. Ădobe Learners, a non-Govt institute/organization to provide educational supports to the underprivileged students.
As per the education demographics, total literates in Krishnanagar city are 147,565 of which 76,746 are males while 70,819 are females. Average literacy rate of Krishnanagar city is 88.09 percent of which male and female literacy was 90.84 and 85.29 percent.
As Krishnanagar is the headquarters of Nadia District, it gets some of the added benefits. Apart from Government Hospitals, there are private run nursing home as well.
Also some organisations like Lions Club of Krishnanagar operates dental clinic, eye clinic with a minimal charge.
Also some quality diagonostic laboratories are there in the town. Central Pathology, Dr. Lal's Patholab are two prominent names. Also the city has ECHS poly clinic which is central office for Nadia and Murshidabad District
Krishnanagar city is governed by Municipal Corporation which comes under Krishnanagar Municipal Region. The area of the municipality is around 16 km2 and is divided into 24 wards with 24 councilors. Krishnanagar is the administrative headquarters of the Nadia district. Krishnanagar is center for all the administration purpose. The parties which contest for the elections are Trinomool Congress, Indian National Congress, BJP. The board of councillors elects a chairman from among its elected members; the chairman is the executive head of the municipality. The elected members of this body are authorised to manage education, health, tourism, and overall development of the area.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Krishnanagar, Nadia.|
Krishnanagar travel guide from Wikivoyage