Laguna Provincial Capitol
|Nickname(s): "The Resort Capital, Detroit and Silicon Valley of The Philippines"|
|Motto: Bagong LagUNA, Una sa Lahat!
(New Laguna, Always First!)
Map of the Philippines with Laguna highlighted
|Region||CALABARZON (Region IV-A)|
|Founded||July 28, 1571|
|• Type||Province of the Philippines|
|• Governor||Ramil L. Hernandez (Nacionalista)|
|• Vice Governor||Katherine Agapay (UNA)|
|• Total||1,917.85 km2 (740.49 sq mi)|
|Area rank||63rd out of 81|
|• Rank||6th out of 81|
|• Density||1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||3rd out of 81|
|• Independent cities||0|
|• Component cities||6|
|• Districts||1st to 4th districts of Laguna|
|• Ethnic groups||Tagalog (91%), Others (4%), Bicolano (3%), Bisaya (2%)|
|• Languages||Tagalog, English|
|Time zone||PHT (UTC+8)|
|ZIP Code||4000 to 4033|
|ISO 3166 code||PH-LAG|
Laguna (PSGC: 035400000), officially known as the Province of Laguna (Tagalog: Lalawigan ng Laguna), is a province of the Philippines found in the CALABARZON region in Luzon. Its capital is Santa Cruz and the province is located southeast of Metro Manila, south of the province of Rizal, west of Quezon, north of Batangas and east of Cavite. Laguna hugs the southern shores of Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the country. The city with the highest population (based on 2010 census) is Calamba, while the least populated is the Municipality of Famy.
Laguna is notable as the birthplace of Jose Rizal, the country's national hero. It is also famous for attractions like Pagsanjan Falls, the University of the Philippines Los Baños campus, the hot spring resorts of Los Baños and Calamba on the slopes of Mount Makiling, Pila historic town plaza, Taytay Falls in Majayjay, the wood carvings and papier-mâché created by the people of Paeté, the annual Sampaguita Festival in San Pedro, the turumba of Pakil, the tsinelas footwears from Liliw, the Pandan Festival of Luisiana, the Seven Lakes of San Pablo (the first city in the province), and the Nagcarlan Underground Cemetery in Nagcarlan
The Province of Laguna, which was formerly called La Laguna and La Provincia de la Laguna de Bay, was named after Laguna de Bay, the body of water that forms its northern boundary. Laguna de Bay, in turn, was named after the town of Bay (Laguna de Bay is Spanish which means "Lake of Bay"), the first provincial capital. Captain Juan de Salcedo with a band of one hundred Spanish-Mexican soldiers and many Bisayan allies conquered the province and its surrounding regions for Spain in 1571. Seven years later, two Franciscan friars started the work of Christianization.
In 1577, the Franciscan missionaries arrived in Manila, and in 1578 they started evangelizing Laguna, Morong (now Rizal), Tayabas (now Quezon) and the Bicol Peninsula. Juan de Plasencia and Diego de Oropesa were the earliest Franciscans sent to these places. From 1580, the towns of Bay, Caliraya, Majayjay, Nagcarlan, Liliw, Pila, Santa Cruz, Lumban, Pangil and Siniloan were founded. In 1678, Fray Hernando Cabrera founded San Pablo de los Montes (now San Pablo City) and built a wooden church and convent considered as the best and finest in the province.
In 1670, delimitation of borders were made between Lucban, Majayjay and Cavite. The populous town at that time was Bay, the capital of the province until 1688, when the seat of the provincial government was moved to Pagsanján, and later in 1858, to Santa Cruz. In 1754, the Province of Laguna and Tayabas were divided, with the Malinao River separating the towns of Majayjay and Lucban.
The province became a bloody battle ground for the Chinese during the two instances that they rose in revolt against Spain. In 1603s, the Chinese made their last stand in the mountains of San Pablo, and in 1639, they fortified themselves in the highlands of Cavinti and Lumban, surrendering in Pagsanjan a year later.
The natives of Laguna proved loyal to the Spanish crown during the British invasion (1762–1764) when thousands rallied to its defense. When a detachment of British troops under Captain Thomas Backhouse entered the province in search of the silver cargo of the galleon Filipino, Francisco de San Juan of Pagsanján led a band of volunteers that fought them in several engagements in and around the town which was then the provincial capital (1688–1858). Backhouse plundered the town and burned its newly reconstructed church but San Juan succeeded in escaping with the precious hoard to Pampanga where the treasure greatly bolstered the defense effort of Simón de Anda, leader of the resistance movement. For his heroism, San Juan was made a brigade commander and alcalde mayor of Tayabas (now Quezon) province.
The people's loyalty gradually degenerated into bitter hostility. Grave abuses by the colonizers, especially those of the clergy, caused the resentment of the natives to be fanned into a rising flood of insurrection. In 1840 for instance, religious intolerance led the people of Majayjay, Nagcarlan, Bay, and Biñan to join the revolt of Hermano Pule (Apolinario de la Cruz) of Lucban, Tayabas.
Laguna was also exposed to the aspirations of its most famous son, Dr. José Rizal, who was born in Calamba. The persecution of the Rizal family, along with their fellow landowners toward the end of the century further aggravated the situation. In 1896, thousands of inhabitants, especially of Bay, Los Baños, Nagcarlan, Magdalena, Santa Cruz, and Pagsanjan had joined the revolutionary Katipunan.
Laguna was one of the eight provinces to rise in revolt against the Spanish misrule led by Generals Paciano Rizal of Calamba, Severino Taino of Pagsanjan, Agueda Kahabagan of Calauan, and Miguel Malvar of Batangas. The ill-equipped revolutionaries fought the well-armed enemy until on August 31, 1898, when the last Spanish garrison surrendered to the victorious patriots in Santa Cruz. The province was cleared of Spaniards. There had been only one respite, the Pact of Biak-na-Bato on December 14 to 15, 1897.
Laguna actively supported the First Philippine Republic proclaimed at Malolos on January 23, 1899. Its two delegates to the Malolos Congress were Don Higino Benítez and Don Graciano Cordero, both natives of Pagsanján.
Upon the outbreak of the Filipino-American War (1899–1901), Generals Juan Cailles and Paciano Rizal led the defense of Laguna until June 30, 1901, when surrender became inevitable. Cailles became the first Filipino Governor of Laguna under the American flag.
The Province of Laguna progressed rapidly in peace. Roads were built, schools were established, and in 1917, the Manila Railroad Company extended its line to Laguna as far as Pagsanjan.
The establishment of the military general headquarters and military camp bases of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and the Philippine Constabulary is a military unit organization was founded on 1942 to 1946 in the province of Laguna, and aided of the local military regular units of the Philippine Commonwealth Army 4th and 42nd Infantry Division and the Philippine Constabulary 4th Infantry Regiment. Started the engagements of the Anti-Japanese Military Operations in Southern Luzon, Mindoro and Palawan from 1942 to 1945 against the Japanese Imperial forces.
Beginning in 1945, attacks by the Filipino soldiers of the 4th, 41st, 42nd, 43rd, 45th, 46th and 47th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army, 4th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary and the recognized guerrillas against Japanese forces in Laguna increased in anticipation of the Liberation of the Philippines by joint Filipino & American forces.
Laguna lies on the southern shores of Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the country. On the southern border of the province are Mt. Makiling and Mt. Banáhaw, both are long dormant volcanoes, but still sources of geothermal energy. Mt. Makiling is popular for the numerous hot spring resorts that are found on its slopes. Pagsanjan Falls, is a popular waterfall that tumbles down a deep gorge in the hills.
The eastern portion of Laguna straddles the southernmost portions of the Sierra Madre mountain range.
The province is relatively dry from November to April and wet during the rest of the year for a small portion near the southern boundary. The other parts, west of Santa Cruz municipality, experience a dry season from November to April and rainy season during the rest of the year. The eastern and southern most portions do not have distinct season, with rainfall more evenly distributed throughout the year.
|City or Municipality||Type and income class||District||Area
|Biñan||1st Class Component City||1st District||43.50||283,396||6,500||24||Marlyn "Len-Len" B. Alonte-Naguiat|
|Cabuyao||1st Class Component City||2nd District||43.30||248,436||5,700||18||Isidro "Jun" L. Hemedes, Jr.|
|Calamba||1st Class Component City||2nd District||149.50||389,377||2,600||54||Justin Marc SB. Chipeco|
|San Pablo||1st Class Component City||3rd District||197.60||248,890||1,300||80||Loreto Amante|
|San Pedro||1st Class Component City||1st District||24.05||294,310||12,000||20||Lourdes S. Cataquiz|
|Santa Rosa||1st Class Component City||1st District||54.13||284,670||5,300||18||Arlene B. Arcillas-Nazareno|
|Alaminos||3rd Class municipality||3rd District||57.46||43,526||757.5||15||Eladio Magampon|
|Bay||2nd Class municipality||2nd District||42.66||55,698||1,300||15||Bruno Ramos|
|Calauan||2nd Class municipality||3rd District||65.40||74,890||1,100||17||George Berris|
|Cavinti||3rd Class municipality||4th District||125.54||20,809||170||19||Melbert Oliveros|
|Famy||5th Class municipality||4th District||53.06||15,021||280||20||Renonia B. Muramatsu|
|Kalayaan||3rd Class municipality||4th District||46.60||20,944||450||3||Teodoro A. Adao, Jr.|
|Liliw||4th Class municipality||3rd District||39.10||33,851||870||33||Cesar C. Sulibit|
|Los Baños 1||1st Class municipality||2nd District||54.22||101,884||1,900||14||Caesar Perez|
|Luisiana||4th Class municipality||4th District||73.31||20,148||270||23||Nestor Rondilla|
|Lumban||3rd Class municipality||4th District||96.08||29,470||310||16||Reynato Añonuevo|
|Mabitac||5th Class municipality||4th District||80.76||18,618||230||15||Ronald Sana|
|Magdalena||4th Class municipality||4th District||34.88||22,976||660||24||David Aventurado Jr.|
|Majayjay||4th Class municipality||4th District||69.58||26,547||380||40||Victorino C. Rodillas|
|Nagcarlan||2nd Class municipality||3rd District||78.10||59,726||760||52||Nelson Osuna|
|Paete||4th Class municipality||4th District||39.47||23,523||600||9||Mutuk Bagabaldo|
|Pagsanjan||2nd Class municipality||4th District||26.36||39,313||1,500||16||Girlie "Maita Sanchez" Ejercito|
|Pakil||5th Class municipality||4th District||46.50||20,822||450||13||Vipops R. Martinez|
|Pangil||4th Class municipality||4th District||45.03||23,201||520||8||Jovit Reyes|
|Pila||3rd Class municipality||4th District||31.20||46,534||1,500||17||Boy Quiat|
|Rizal||5th Class municipality||3rd District||27.90||15,518||560||11||Antonino A. Aurelio|
|Santa Cruz||1st Class municipality||4th District||38.59||110,943||2,900||26||Domingo Dennis G. Panganiban|
|Santa Maria||4th Class municipality||4th District||108.40||26,839||250||25||Cindy Carolino|
|Siniloan||2nd Class municipality||4th District||64.51||35,363||550||20||Eduardo Tibay|
|Victoria||4th Class municipality||3rd District||22.35||34,604||1,500||9||Raul Gonzalez|
1 Los Baños was declared as the "Special Science and Nature City of the Philippines" through Presidential Proclamation No. 349. This proclamation does not convert the municipality to a city or give it corporate powers that are accorded to other cities.
|Population census of Laguna|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
Present-day Laguna shows a thriving economy. With a population of 2,669,847 (2010 Census), and a total area of 1,760 km2 (680 sq mi) of land, Laguna produces millions of pesos worth of coconuts, rice, sugar, citrus fruits, lanzones and other products. Tourists flock to its beauty spots, especially Pagsanjan Falls, Calamba and Los Banos hot springs, Mount Makiling, Caliraya Lake and many others. Levels of development vary. The towns near Metro Manila have become industrialized whereas the inner towns continue to engage in agricultural production or pursue agri-based industries and cottage and small-scale industries.
There are about forty rivers in Laguna with a total area of almost 0.5 square kilometres. The Laguna de Bay has an approximate area of 3800 km² broken down into 2900 km² of land and 900 km² of lake proper with 220 km shoreline.
Laguna has an estimated 300 million US gallons (1,100,000 m³) of underground water. At least seven principal water basins in the province with a total of 5,773 km² drainage area and 1,316 km² level area provide an estimated 9.238 km³ total run-off annually.
Laguna has 60,624 hectares of alienable and disposable agricultural land. About 41,253 ha or 23.44% of Laguna’s total land area is forest land.
Laguna de Bay, with a surface area of 900 km, is the province's main fishing ground producing 410,000 mt(?) of fish. Carp and tilapia fingerlings are also being grown in inland ponds and freshwater fish pens. The research institutions located in Los Baños are: International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), ASEAN Center for Biodiversity (ACB) and the Southeast Asian Regional center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture (SEARCA), among others.
Laguna is labeled as the Detroit of the Philippines because of the presence of major vehicle manufacturers in the city of Santa Rosa. It is also considered as the Silicon Valley of the Philippines because of the vast number of electronic and semi-conductor companies operating in the province. Laguna is also the Resort Capital of the Philippines for it houses more than 700 hot spring resorts in the areas of Calamba and Los Baños.
The South Luzon Expressway (SLEx) passes through Laguna. A public-private partnership initiative of the national government include plans to build a circumferential road along Laguna de Bay shoreline, the Laguna de Bay Flood Control Dike Expressway (or C-6 Extension), from San Pedro to Siniloan. Some of the proposed road networks is the Calamba-Los Baños Expressway  and the Cavite–Laguna Expressway that will connect the provinces of Cavite and Laguna.
Three power generating plants are operating in the province.
On May 21, 2014, the COMELEC En Banc unseats E.R. Ejercito in a unanimous decision for overspending of campaign funds for his running for the 2013 Laguna gubernatorial elections, Vice Governor Ramil Hernandez will take over the position of Ejercito. And on May 27, 2014, Vice Governor Ramil Hernandez took oath and became the acting governor of the province, making Ejercito the first local official in the Philippines to be formally ousted in office due to overspending.
|City/Municipality||Name of Landmark||Roads from Manila||Description|
|Calamba||Rizal Shrine||South Luzón Tollway - Calamba Exit via National Road to J.P. Rizal Avenue||The Rizal Shrine is located in Calamba and features the home of José Rizal.|
|Biñan||Alberto House||South Luzón Tollway - Batangas City Exits, via National Road||Ancestral House of Teodora Alonzo's (Jose Rizal's mother) clan.|
|Pagsanjan||Pagsanjan Municipal Hall||Calamba Exit via National Road||Served as the first site of public High School in Laguna|
|Los Baños||Homma-Yamashita Shrine||South Luzón Tollway - Calamba Exit via National Road to Los Baños|
|Lumban||Japanese Garden||South Luzón Tollway - Calambâ Exit via National Road to Famy-Panty Road|
|Nagcarlán||Underground Cemetery||South Luzón Tollway - Calamba Exit via National Road to San Pablo-Nagcarlan Road|
|Pagsanjan||Pagsanjan Arch/ Puerta Real of Pagsanjan||Calamba Exit via National Road|
|Mabitac||The Battle of Mabitac Mural, Mabitac||Ortigas Avenue heading to Manila East Road (Rizal)|
|Pila||Pila Town Plaza and Ancestral Homes||South Luzón Tollway- Calamba Exit via National Road to Pila|
|Pinagbayanan Crematorium||South Luzón Tollway- Calamba Exit via National Road to Pila||The Philippines' oldest crematorium.|
|Los Baños||Baker Hall, UP Los Baños,||South Luzón Tollway - Calamba Exit via National Road to Los Baños|
|Santa Cruz||Emilio Jacinto Shrine Burial Site, Villa Valenzuela and Santa Cruz Town Plaza||South Luzón Tollway- Calamba Exit via National Road to Santa Cruz|
|City/Municipality||Name of Landmark||Roads from Manila||Description|
|Cavinti||Pagsanjan Falls||SLEX - Calamba Exit via National Road||The Magdapio Falls used to be called the Magdapio Falls but have become popularly known as the Pagsanjan Falls because the trip starts in Pagsanjan.|
|Calamba and Los Baños||Mount Makiling Hot Springs|
|Los Baños||Crocodile Lake|
|Nagcarlán||Eight mountains||It includes Mt. Atimla, Mt. Mabilog, Mt. Nagcarlán, Mt. Malauban, Mt. Lansay, Mt. Bayaquitos, Mt. Cristóbal and Mt. Banaháw.|
|San Pablo||Seven Lakes of San Pablo||It includes like Sampaloc Lake, Lake Bunot, Lake Calibato, Lake Pandin, Lake Yambo, Lake Palakpakin, and Lake Muhikap.|
|Botocan, Majayjay||Dalitiwan River, Taytay Falls|
|Famy||Natural Drinking Water, Mayatba & Spill Way Resort||Natural Drinking Water in the middle of the town proper, near Famy Municipal Hall|
|City/Municipality||Name||Road from Manila||Remarks|
|Santa Rosa||Enchanted Kingdom||SLEX - Calamba Exit via National Road|
|Santa Rosa, Cabuyao, Calamba||Nuvali Evoliving|
|Los Baños||Boy Scouts of the Philippines Camp, University of the Philippines, Los Baños|
|Calamba||Private and Public Resorts||Calamba has 661 resorts making the city as the "Resort Capital of the Philippines".|
|Calamba||The Plaza Calamba||A park along the Calamba City Hall Complex|
|Calamba||St. John the Baptist Church||One of the oldest churches in Laguna. Jose Rizal has been baptized in this church by Fr. Pedro Casañas.|
|Los Baños||Immaculate Conception Parish Church||A centuries old church at the town proper (Poblacion/Bayan)|
|Pila||Pila Municipal Museum|
|Cabuyao||St. Polycarp Church|
|Cavinti||Transfiguration of Our Lord Catholic Church||The oldest Transfiguration of Our Lord Church in the Philippines, established in March 1606|
|Mamatid, Cabuyao||Diocesan Shrine of San Vicente Ferrer||SLEX - Cabuyao Exit via Mamatid Road|
|Majayjay||St. Gregory Church|
|Paeté||St. James the Apostle Church|
|Pakil||San Pedro de Alcantara Church||Also known as the Diocesan Shrine of Our Lady of Turumba|
|San Pedro||Salvador Laurel Museum, Laurel Hills||SLEX - Via Magsaysay Road|
|San Pedro||San Pedro Apostol Parish Church||SLEX - Via Magsaysay Road- Mabini St.|
|Landayan, San Pedro||Diocesan Shrine of Santo Sepulchre||National Road|
|Calamba||Nuvali Republic Wakepark||SLEX - Canlubang Exit via National Road||Newest and Most Innovative Wakepark in the World. Located at Nuvali, Canlubang, Calamba City.|
|Mabitac||Our Lady of Candelaria|
|Pagsanjan||Diocesan Shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe|
|Biñán||Splash Island, San Isidro Labrador Church, Biñan City Plaza|
|San Pablo||St. Paul the First Hermit Cathedral|
|Santa Cruz||Immaculate Concepcion Parish Church|
|Liliw||St. John the Baptist Parish Church|
Laguna is a major contributor to the development of arts in the Philippines. Paintings and sculptures from Paete, which is the Woodcarving Capital of the Philippines, won national and international awards. Famous artists include Manuel Baldemor, Fred Baldemor, Felix "Kid" Baldemor and Dominic Rubio.
Antonio L Azores, UP Diliman First University Student Council President – 1940, One of the founders of San Pablo Colleges and First President – 1947 and Chartered President of the Rotary Club of San Pablo - 1950
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Laguna (province).|
Laguna de Bay