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Travel Vlog: Maui to Lanai (Day Trip)
Travel Vlog: Maui to Lanai (Day Trip)
Published: 2014/07/03
Channel: Christine Kobzeff
Island of Lanai, Hawaii. The real side.
Island of Lanai, Hawaii. The real side.
Published: 2016/02/25
Channel: Maui Stevens
Cliff Jumping & Spear Fishing on Lanai, HI (Vloooog)
Cliff Jumping & Spear Fishing on Lanai, HI (Vloooog)
Published: 2017/04/16
Channel: Adrenaline Addiction
Lanai City, Hawaii
Lanai City, Hawaii
Published: 2015/12/11
Channel: denniscallan
LANAI AKU LANAI dahlia & marja @ lagu dangdut
LANAI AKU LANAI dahlia & marja @ lagu dangdut
Published: 2014/11/24
Channel: Radio Rama Cirebon Lagu Dangdut & Lagu Daerah
Lanai, Hawaii
Lanai, Hawaii
Published: 2017/01/15
Channel: jaysondudas
Four Seasons Resorts Lanai (with 2016 major renovations)
Four Seasons Resorts Lanai (with 2016 major renovations)
Published: 2016/03/23
Channel: govisithawaii
Lanai Patio~Difference Between Lanai And Patio
Lanai Patio~Difference Between Lanai And Patio
Published: 2015/10/30
Channel: Patio | Furniture
Lanai Hawaii Axis Deer 2017
Lanai Hawaii Axis Deer 2017
Published: 2017/07/03
Channel: Deadicated Outdoors
2017 LANAI,HAWAII STATE AXIS DEER HUNT
2017 LANAI,HAWAII STATE AXIS DEER HUNT
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: mauibh1
Aerials: Lanai City
Aerials: Lanai City
Published: 2014/09/02
Channel: Love Lanai
SAIL MAUI TO LANAI - Maui & Lanai Snorkeling, Sailing, and Whale Watching Tour with Trilogy
SAIL MAUI TO LANAI - Maui & Lanai Snorkeling, Sailing, and Whale Watching Tour with Trilogy
Published: 2016/03/22
Channel: The Traveling Together Journal
Hawaii Travel Vlog  | The Island of Lanai | Katie
Hawaii Travel Vlog | The Island of Lanai | Katie's Bliss
Published: 2016/09/22
Channel: Katie Manwaring
A Tour of Lanai by Hummer
A Tour of Lanai by Hummer
Published: 2013/04/16
Channel: govisithawaii
Lanai Aku Lanai.wmv
Lanai Aku Lanai.wmv
Published: 2011/11/29
Channel: iyodzen
Four Seasons Lanai - The Best Things To Do in Hawaii
Four Seasons Lanai - The Best Things To Do in Hawaii's Lanai Island
Published: 2013/07/26
Channel: Four Seasons Hotels and Resorts
Lanai Guest House Tour!! | Lanai Hawaii
Lanai Guest House Tour!! | Lanai Hawaii
Published: 2017/07/09
Channel: MamaKatTV
Lanai Adventure! - Garden of the Gods
Lanai Adventure! - Garden of the Gods
Published: 2015/12/15
Channel: ALOHASTOKED
Pilot - Cooking Hawaiian Style - Episode1 - Lanai & Radasha Hoohuli (Miss Hawaii USA 2006)
Pilot - Cooking Hawaiian Style - Episode1 - Lanai & Radasha Hoohuli (Miss Hawaii USA 2006)
Published: 2013/03/03
Channel: Frank Abraham
2017 Lanai State Archery Hunt
2017 Lanai State Archery Hunt
Published: 2017/02/24
Channel: Romnick Lodivero
surf lanai
surf lanai
Published: 2015/06/02
Channel: George Purdy
Garden of the Gods - Lanai
Garden of the Gods - Lanai
Published: 2013/01/18
Channel: ScenicHawaii - Hawaii's HD Channel 1001
Four Seasons Lanai - Our Luxury Lanai Resorts in Koele and Manele Bay
Four Seasons Lanai - Our Luxury Lanai Resorts in Koele and Manele Bay
Published: 2013/07/26
Channel: Four Seasons Hotels and Resorts
Hawaiian Lions - Lanai Cat Sanctuary, Lanai, Hawaii
Hawaiian Lions - Lanai Cat Sanctuary, Lanai, Hawaii
Published: 2013/04/03
Channel: Ohana Films
Ghost Trolling Lanai. Again
Ghost Trolling Lanai. Again
Published: 2015/07/13
Channel: Lanai Gara
This Is My Home, Lanai.
This Is My Home, Lanai.
Published: 2013/02/07
Channel: blae8o8
You Blew It! - Lanai
You Blew It! - Lanai
Published: 2015/03/08
Channel: Jade Tree
Throw net lanai
Throw net lanai
Published: 2014/03/03
Channel: 808typo
Lanai, Hawaii Axis Deer 2015
Lanai, Hawaii Axis Deer 2015
Published: 2015/12/27
Channel: Ryan Kohatsu
Lagu Karo, Lanai-lanai. Voc:Semiyati Br Kaban dan Advent Bangun
Lagu Karo, Lanai-lanai. Voc:Semiyati Br Kaban dan Advent Bangun
Published: 2012/06/27
Channel: fery pandia
Lanai Suites - The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas
Lanai Suites - The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas
Published: 2016/05/25
Channel: The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas
Epic Maui to Lanai downwind outrigger surfing
Epic Maui to Lanai downwind outrigger surfing
Published: 2017/01/19
Channel: Johann Meya
Pilot - Cooking Hawaiian Style - Episode 3 - Lanai & AugieT
Pilot - Cooking Hawaiian Style - Episode 3 - Lanai & AugieT
Published: 2013/03/17
Channel: Frank Abraham
Hawaii: Island of Lanai With Kids
Hawaii: Island of Lanai With Kids
Published: 2014/07/16
Channel: MamaKatTV
Lanai Hawaii 2015
Lanai Hawaii 2015
Published: 2015/05/16
Channel: 2fast4u925
Hawaii Drone Compilation 4K (Oahu, Maui, Kauai, Hawaii, Molokai Lanai) 20 MINUTES OF ALL ISLANDS
Hawaii Drone Compilation 4K (Oahu, Maui, Kauai, Hawaii, Molokai Lanai) 20 MINUTES OF ALL ISLANDS
Published: 2016/11/06
Channel: Earth Explored
Lanai aku Lanai versi smule
Lanai aku Lanai versi smule
Published: 2017/01/24
Channel: Septiana Kaban
Lanai Terlalu - Talu "Antha Prima Ginting" Karo_Na
Lanai Terlalu - Talu "Antha Prima Ginting" Karo_Na
Published: 2013/07/10
Channel: Thius Karo-ndu
Takeoff from Honolulu International Airport and Landing at Lanai Airport
Takeoff from Honolulu International Airport and Landing at Lanai Airport
Published: 2015/05/04
Channel: Maui Stevens
Hawaii Vacation Connection - Exploring Lanai CIty - Hawaii
Hawaii Vacation Connection - Exploring Lanai CIty - Hawaii
Published: 2011/02/14
Channel: Bruce Fisher
Four Seasons Lanai - Lana
Four Seasons Lanai - Lana'i Circle Island Experience
Published: 2016/04/22
Channel: Four Seasons Hotels and Resorts
[ DVD TOP FURACÃO ]   Jonathan Costa e Lanai - Se eu gosto de você
[ DVD TOP FURACÃO ] Jonathan Costa e Lanai - Se eu gosto de você
Published: 2009/02/20
Channel: crystaltubesongs
PILOT - Cooking Hawaiian Style - Episode 6 -  Lanai & Melveen Leed (Hawaiian Music Legend)
PILOT - Cooking Hawaiian Style - Episode 6 - Lanai & Melveen Leed (Hawaiian Music Legend)
Published: 2013/04/06
Channel: Frank Abraham
Lanai gets ready for a new owner
Lanai gets ready for a new owner
Published: 2012/06/22
Channel: KITV
Lanai Family Trip On Trilogy
Lanai Family Trip On Trilogy
Published: 2015/09/07
Channel: RSBosma
Maui Lanai Ferry
Maui Lanai Ferry
Published: 2014/06/11
Channel: Hawaii Harbors Network
Lagu Karo | Lanai Tertima - Aci Br Sembiring | ALBUM MBENTAR | ORIGINAL
Lagu Karo | Lanai Tertima - Aci Br Sembiring | ALBUM MBENTAR | ORIGINAL
Published: 2016/05/02
Channel: Eso Pandia
Carnival Vista - Deck 5 Lanai. Part 4 HD1080.
Carnival Vista - Deck 5 Lanai. Part 4 HD1080.
Published: 2016/06/26
Channel: Makc Markc
Lanai Mouflon Sheep Almost Full Curl
Lanai Mouflon Sheep Almost Full Curl
Published: 2012/03/31
Channel: lopakakaluna
The Middle 7x21 Promo "The Lanai" (HD)
The Middle 7x21 Promo "The Lanai" (HD)
Published: 2016/04/27
Channel: tvpromosdb
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Coordinates: 20°49′7.30″N 156°55′56.03″W / 20.8186944°N 156.9322306°W / 20.8186944; -156.9322306

Lānai
Nickname: The Pineapple Isle
LanaiLandsat.jpg
Landsat satellite image of Lāna`i
Map of Hawaii highlighting Lanai.svg
Location in the state of Hawaiʻi
Geography
Location 20°50′N 156°56′W / 20.833°N 156.933°W / 20.833; -156.933
Area 140.5 sq mi (364 km2)
Area rank 6th largest Hawaiian Island
Highest elevation 3,366 ft (1,026 m)
Highest point Lānaihale
Administration
United States
Symbols
Flower Kaunaoa (Cuscuta sandwichiana)
Color Ālani (orange)
Demographics
Population 3,102 (2010)
Pop. density 23 /sq mi (8.9 /km2)

Lānai (/ləˈn/; Hawaiian: [laːˈnɐʔi] or [naːˈnɐʔi]) is the sixth-largest of the Hawaiian Islands and the smallest publicly accessible inhabited island in the chain.[1] It is also known as Pineapple Island because of its past as an island-wide pineapple plantation. The island's only settlement of note is the small town of Lānai City. As of 2012, the island was 97% owned by Larry Ellison (Founder and Chairman of Oracle),[2] with the remaining 3% owned by the state of Hawaii.

Lānai is a roughly comma-shaped island with a width of 18 miles (29 km) in the longest direction. The land area is 140.5 square miles (364 km2), making it the 42nd largest island in the United States.[3] It is separated from the island of Molokai by the Kalohi Channel to the north, and from Maui by the Hawaiian islands Channel to the east. The United States Census Bureau defines Lānai as Census Tract 316 of Maui County. Its total population shrank from 3,193 as of the 2000 census[4] to 3,102 as of 2010.[5] Many of the island's landmarks are accessible only by dirt roads that require a four-wheel drive vehicle.[citation needed]

There is one school, Lanai High and Elementary School, serving the entire island from kindergarten through 12th grade. There is also one hospital, Lanai Community Hospital, with 24 beds, and a community health center providing primary care, dental, behavioral health and selected specialty services in Lanai City.[6][7] There are no traffic lights on the island.

History[edit]

Lānai was under the control of nearby Maui before recorded history. Its first inhabitants may have arrived as late as the 15th century.

The name Lānai is of uncertain origin, but the island has historically been called Lānai o Kauluāʻau, which can be rendered in English as "day of the conquest of Kauluāau." This epithet refers to the legend of a Mauian prince who was banished to Lānaʻi for some of his wild pranks at his father's court in Lāhainā. The island was reportedly haunted by Akua-ino, ghosts and goblins. Kauluāau chased them away and brought peace and order to the island and regained his father's favor as a consequence.

The first people to migrate here, most likely from Maui and Molokai, probably established fishing villages along the coast initially but later branched out into the interior where they raised taro in the fertile volcanic soil. During most of those times, the Moi of Maui held dominion over Lānaʻi, but generally left the people of Lānai alone. Life on Lānai remained relatively calm until King Kamehameha I or Kalaniʻōpuu-a-Kaiamamao took control, slaughtering people across the island. So many were killed that Captain George Vancouver ignored the island in 1792, because of its apparent lack of villages and population. It is mentioned that Lānai was Kamehameha's favorite fishing spot across Hawaii's main eight islands.[8]

Lānai was first seen by Europeans on February 25, 1779, when Captain Charles Clerke sighted the island from aboard James Cook's HMS Resolution. Clerke had taken command of the ship after Cook was killed at Kealakekua Bay on February 14 and was leaving the islands for the North Pacific.[citation needed]

The history of sugar-growing in Hawaii goes back to 1802, when a farmer from China, Wong Tse Chun, produced a small amount on Lanai. He used a crude stone mill that he had brought with him to crush the cane.

In 1854 a group of Mormons were granted a lease in the ahupua'a of Pālāwai. In 1862 Walter Murray Gibson arrived on Lanai to reorganize the Mormon settlement. A year later he bought the ahupua'a of Pālāwai for $3000 with the money of the church but put the title in his own name. When the Mormons found this out they excommunicated him but he still got to retain the land.[9] By the 1870s, Walter M. Gibson, still the leader of the Mormon colony on the island, had acquired most of the land on the island for ranching.[10]

In 1890 the population of Lanai was reduced to 200. In 1899, Gibson's daughter and son-in-law formed Maunalei Sugar Company, headquartered in Keomuku, on the windward (northeast) coast downstream from Maunalei Valley. The company failed in 1901.[11] Between 1899 and 1901, however, nearly 800 laborers, mostly from Japan, had been contracted for the plantations. Many Native Hawaiians continued to live along the less arid windward coast, supporting themselves by ranching and fishing.[12]

In 1921 Charles Gay planted the first pineapple on Lanai. The population had again decreased to 150 most of whom were the descendants of the traditional families of the island.[13] A year later, James Dole, the president of Hawaiian Pineapple Company (later renamed Dole Food Company), bought the island and developed a large portion of it into the world's largest pineapple plantation.

With Hawaii statehood in 1959, Lānaʻi became part of the County of Maui.

In 1985, Lānai passed into the control of David H. Murdock, as a result of his purchase of Castle & Cooke, then owner of Dole.

In October 1992 the final harvest of pineapple took place on Lana'i.[14]

In June 2012, Larry Ellison, then CEO of Oracle Corporation, purchased Castle & Cooke's 98 percent share of the island for $300 million. The state owns the remaining 2 percent.[15] Ellison reportedly plans to invest as much as $500 million to add to and improve the island's infrastructure and to create an environmentally friendly agricultural industry.[16][17][needs update] Ellison has spent an estimated $450 million to remodel his Four Seasons Resort Lanai at Manele Bay, which reopened in April 2016 after a seven-month shutdown. In Lanai City he built a new water filtration system and a resort-style olympic-size public pool. He also refurbished the historic movie theater built in the 1920s but mostly shut since the 1970s turning it into a state-of-the art movie house. His second Four Seasons Resort at Koele in the mountains is currently being renovated.[18]

Legends[edit]

According to the Hawaiian legends, man-eating spirits occupied the island before that time. For generations, Maui chiefs believed in these man-eating spirits. Differing legends say that either the prophet Lanikāula drove the spirits from the island or the unruly Maui prince Kauluāʻau accomplished that heroic feat. The more popular myth is that the mischievous Kauluāʻau pulled up every breadfruit tree (ʻulu) (Artocarpus altilis) he could find on Maui. Finally his father, Kakaalaneo had to banish him to Lānai, expecting him not to survive in that hostile place. However Kauluāau outwitted the spirits and drove them from the island. The chief looked across the channel from Maui and saw that his son's fire continued to burn nightly on the shore, and he sent a canoe to Lānai to bring the prince back, redeemed by his courage and cleverness. As a reward, Kakaalaneo gave Kauluāau control of the island and encouraged emigration from other islands.[19] Kauluāau had, in the meantime, pulled up all the breadfruit trees on Lānai, accounting for the historic lack of them on that island.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

The highest point in Lanai is Mount Lanaihale. It is an inactive volcano near the center of the island and to the east of Lanai City. The elevation of Mount Lanaihale is 3,366 ft (1,026 m).[20]

Lānaʻi was traditionally administered in 13 political subdivisions (Ahupuaa), grouped into two districts (mokuoloko): kona (Leeward) and koolau (Windward). The ahupuaʻa are listed below, in clockwise sequence, and with original area figures in acres, starting in the northwest of the island.[21]

Map of 1878 with traditional subdivision into Ahupuaʻa
Nr. Ahupuaa Area
acres
Area
km²
Population[22]
1 Kaa 19468 78.78 207
2 Paomai 9078 36.74 147
3 Mahana 7973 32.27 1
4 Maunalei 3794 15.35 0
5 Kalulu 6078 24.60 1
6 Kaunolu 7860 31.81 3
7 Palawai 5897 23.86 1
8 Pawili 1930 7.81 0
9 Kaohai 9677 39.16 1
10 Kamao 2751 11.13 2
11 Kealia Aupuni 5897 23.86 2
12 Kealia Kapu 1829 7.40 1
13 Kamoku 8291 33.55 2804
  Lānaʻi 90523 366.33 3170

Kamoku hosts the largest share of population, because the bigger part of Lānaʻi City falls into it. Parts of Lanaʻi City stretch to Kaa and Paomai. As of 2010, the remaining ahupuaʻa were virtually uninhabited. According to the census of 2000, Lanaʻi City accounts for 99 percent of the island population (3164 of 3193). As a census-designated place, Lanaʻi City is defined solely for statistical purposes, and not by administrative boundaries.

A volcanic collapse in Lanai 100,000 years ago generated a megatsunami that inundated land at elevations higher than 300 metres.[23]

Tourism[edit]

Tourism on Lānai began to be prominent in more recent history as the pineapple and sugarcane industries were phased out in the islands. The number of visitors coming to the island is still relatively small, however, with around 59,000 arrivals forecast for 2016 - of all the publicly accessible Hawaiian islands only Moloka'i attracts fewer visitors.[24]

As of 2016, the two resort hotels on Lānai were managed by Four Seasons Hotels; the Four Seasons Resort Lanai in Manele Bay at Hulupoe Beach, just a few steps from where the ferry from Lahaina docks, and the Lodge at Kōele in the mountains. The Hotel Lānai in Lānai City was built in 1923 by James Dole of the Hawaiian Pineapple Company as a lodge to house the executives overseeing the island’s pineapple production. It was the island’s only hotel until 1990.

Lānai is also home to three golf courses, one at each Four Seasons resort and a third, free course.

  • The Challenge at Manele borders the ocean and was designed by Jack Nicklaus. Bill Gates was married on the 12th hole tee-box at The Challenge at Manele.
  • The Experience at Koele is located in the mountains of Lānai and was designed by noted Southern California golf course architect Ted Robinson Sr, with input from Greg Norman.
  • The Cavendish is a public golf course designed by E.B. Cavendish in 1947. It is a nine-hole course surrounded by Norfolk pines.[25]

Shipwreck Beach on the north shore of the island is so named because of the remains of a wrecked vessel aground a short distance offshore. This is popularly referred to as a WW II Liberty Ship, although it is YOGN 42, one of concrete barges built during the war.[26]

In Lānai City, there are no traffic lights, no shopping malls, and public transportation is supplied by the hotels. For a one-time fee, hotel guests enjoy unlimited rides on small and large buses that go between the hotels and the ferry landing on Manele Bay. Bicycles and off-road vehicles are for rent at the local Gas Station and Dollar Rent a Car.[27] Most attractions outside of the hotels and town can be visited only via dirt roads that require an off-road vehicle.

Notable people[edit]

Danny Lockin, actor, dancer, born in Lanai in 1943. Best known for his role as Barnaby Tucker in the 1969 movie Hello Dolly!, he played the same role in the Broadway play and when it went on tour across The United States.

On June 21, 2012, Hawaii's governor, Neil Abercrombie, declared that Larry Ellison had signed an agreement to buy most of the island of Lanai from the Castle & Cooke company, owned by David H. Murdock. Ellison owns 98% of Lanai.[28] Ellison has stated that he wants to make Lanai into "the first economically viable, 100 percent green community".[29]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Oracle's Ellison to buy, invest in Hawaii's Lanai - latimes.com". Archived from the original on June 24, 2012. 
  2. ^ Larry Ellison island NYTimes Magazine, September 28, 2014
  3. ^ "Table 5.08 - Land Area of Islands: 2000" (PDF). 2004 State of Hawaii Data Book. State of Hawaii. 2004. Retrieved 2007-07-23.  External link in |work= (help)
  4. ^ "American FactFinder - Community Facts". Factfinder2.census.gov. 2010-10-05. Archived from the original on 2014-12-10. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  5. ^ "Lanai city" (PDF). State of Hawaii. Retrieved November 17, 2011. 
  6. ^ Lanai Community Hospital Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  7. ^ Lanai Community Health Center Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  8. ^ "Heritage Sites of Lanai". Retrieved 18 September 2014. 
  9. ^ Time line of key events in LĀNA‘I's history Lana'i Culture and Heritage Center. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  10. ^ Larry Ellison Bought an Island in Hawaii. Now What? The New York Times Magazine, Sep. 23, 2014. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  11. ^ "Maunalei, Keomoku and the Kahalepalaoa Vicinity". Lānaʻi Culture & Heritage Center. Retrieved 2010-12-10. 
  12. ^ Kaye, Robin (1982). Lanai Folks. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. pp. 16–17. ISBN 0-8248-0623-9. 
  13. ^ Time line of key events in Lanai's history Lana'i Culture and Heritage Center. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  14. ^ Time line of key events in LĀNA‘I's history Lana'i Culture and Heritage Center. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  15. ^ Shimogawa, Duane. "PBN confirms amount billionaire Larry Ellison paid for Hawaiian Island of Lanai" Pacific Business News, January 8, 2016
  16. ^ "Lanai to become eco-lab that runs on solar, billionaire Ellison promises". NBC News. October 5, 2012. Retrieved October 5, 2012. 
  17. ^ Cooper, Jeanne (February 8, 2013). "Lanai says aloha to good times again". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved February 9, 2013. 
  18. ^ Larry Ellison’s Private Eden Is Open for Business. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  19. ^ Let's Go Hawaii: On a Budget by Sara Joy Culver (Let's Go Inc.), p. 350
  20. ^ "Table 5.11 - Elevations of Major Summits" (PDF). 2004 State of Hawaii Data Book. State of Hawaii. 2004. Retrieved 2007-07-23.  External link in |work= (help)
  21. ^ The Mahele Aina on Lanai, About Hawaiian Land Management and Land Tenure
  22. ^ "Paoma Ahupua`a neighborhood in Lanai City, Hawaii (HI), 96763 subdivision profile - real estate, apartments, condos, homes, community, population, jobs, income, streets". City-data.com. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  23. ^ Moore, James G.; Moore, George W. (14 December 1984). "Deposit from a Giant Wave on the Island of Lanai, Hawaii". 226 (4680): 1312–1315. PMID 17832630. doi:10.1126/science.226.4680.1312 – via www.sciencemag.org. 
  24. ^ Annual Report 2016 Hawaii Tourist Authority (PDF). Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  25. ^ "Cavendish Golf Course". Go Hawai. Hawai Tourism Authority. 
  26. ^ Shipwreck Beach, Lanai Hawaii Travel Guide | To-Hawaii.com
  27. ^ https://www.dollar.com/Locations/gen.aspx?locationId=LNY
  28. ^ "Oracle founder Larry Ellison buying Hawaiian island of Lanai". Los Angeles Times. June 22, 2012. Retrieved July 10, 2012. 
  29. ^ Mooallem, Jon (23 September 2014). "Larry Ellison Bought an Island in Hawaii. Now What?". nytimes.com. New York Times Magazine. Retrieved 25 September 2014. At a public meeting on Lanai last year, an Ellison representative explained that his boss wasn’t drawn to the island by the potential for profits but by the potential for a great accomplishment — the satisfaction one day of having made the place work. For Ellison, it seemed, Lanai was less like an investment than like a classic car, up on blocks in the middle of the Pacific, that he had become obsessed with restoring. He wants to transform it into a premier tourist destination and what he has called “the first economically viable, 100 percent green community”: an innovative, self-sufficient dreamscape of renewable energy, electric cars and sustainable agriculture. 

External links[edit]

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