Polar Bear Hunting Seals north of Svalbard (Spitsbergen, MS Expedition, 2013)
How to Pronounce Svalbard
Voyage for the Future Video Diary 2 - Day one in Svalbard
Song "Svalbard" of Laurent Valo (International sign language)
"Happy" from Permafrost Summer Course at Svalbard 2014
landscape photography 2014 latest pictures high resolution
Permafrost research in NE-Greenland - Ten students one goal
Arctic Nature Guide
Midnight sun in Longyearbyen, Svalbard - Årets første midnatssol på Svalbard 19. april 2013
Spitsbergen Part I
Livet er Svalbard Del 1 Episode 5
Norway Channel 4 Scandimania 3of3 Norway
Majalis - Svalbard (Live @ Trondheim Metal Fest)
Richard Sidey - Speechless # 3: Lågøya Svalbard
Dog howling like a wolf. Svalbard.
As deafness increases - Svalbard
Russians stake out post on Norway's Arctic edge
My Svalbard Experience
OSLO - TROMSO - SVALBARD by norwegian.no - Flight Simulator 2004
Red Ice Radio - William Engdahl - Doomsday Food & The Business of Eugenics
Chanson Svalbard LSF de Laurent Valo
The pictures of west Norway
BTA Language of Flowers
Scandinavian heirs to the throne join Research Trip to Svalbard in Norway (2008)
Cheryl Leonard - Polarnatt (excerpt)
#FACKYA#EXPLORE# to Fabia bercsek film por Boo Svalbard
Cary Fowler: One seed at a time, protecting the future of f
Journey to Svalbard-Russian song part7
Svalbard i sort/hvitt og farger - Jan Knutzen
Project Svalbard - trailer
Norwegian Language: Possessive Pronouns
International Sign Language of the Deaf.avi
List of Countries 07
Photo Slideshow: From the Desert to the Arctic - Preserving Southwestern Biodiversity
Crown Princess Mary opens Refugee Council's Language Center (2013)
Song-- "Who we are!" (Deafs of American Sign Language)
Eton schoolboy mauled by polar bear in Norway expedition camp
Polar Bear Dog (Buddy), and a Puggle (Sandy Starbuck) in the snow.
Mitt første prosjekt
Norway - Highlights from Winter time.
Counties of Norway - Fylkene Norge
Culinan.net - Meetting with Bruno Moncelle (international sign language)
HINO DA NORUEGA
Yggdrasil - Springar frå Agder (Herrelaus 1998)
Venus Transit From Arctic and Australia Shows Parallax | Video
2012 fall 4
nternational Business and Languages - Fontys Economische Hogeschool IBL
Zahlfjøsen på Kjerringøy 2012.m4v
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
has a population of approximately 2,395 people as of 2011. Approximately 70% of the people are Svalbard Norwegian; the remaining 30% are Russian and Ukrainian. The official language of Svalbard is Norwegian. Russian is used in the Russian settlements, but formerly, Russenorsk was the lingua franca of the entire Barents Sea region.
The annual population growth is -0.02%, but as may be seen from the following chart, the ex-Soviet population has atrophied, while the Norwegians have been increasing.
Population of Svalbard
Norwegian [ edit ]
Norwegian is the official, and main language, of the archipelago. The weekly is published in it. Svalbardposten
Mainly Norwegian speaking settlements include
Longyearbyen, the capital, Ny-Ålesund and Sveagruva
There is a
Polish Polar Station at Hornsund.
Russian [ edit ]
Mainly Russian-speaking settlements include
Some Russian is spoken in Svalbard's capital
Longyearbyen, and appears in some signage.
Abandoned communities which spoke Russian include
Grumant until 1961, Pyramiden until 2000.
Chinese [ edit ]
Arctic Yellow River Station was established in 2003, by the People's Republic of China. [2 ] [3 ] [4 ]
Smeerenburg was Dutch speaking until about 1660. The name itself is Dutch for "blubber town". There was also a Dutch whaling station on Ytre Norskøya and several other locations in Svalbard as well.
Netherlands still retains a research station at Ny-Ålesund.
Danes were also present at Smeerenburg from 1619–23, 1625 and 1631. They also built a seasonal settlement in Kobbefjorden, which they occupied for a quarter century (1631–58).
English [ edit ]
English was spoken from the many whaling settlements established in Svalbard from 1611 to 1670.
French was spoken at the whaling settlement in
Hamburgbukta, which was occupied from 1633 to 1638. France now maintains a research station at Ny-Ålesund.
Other languages [ edit ]
Germany, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, Japan and South Korea all maintain research stations at Ny-Ålesund, although not all are inhabited year-round.
Former and extinct languages [ edit ]
Russenorsk [ edit ]
The history of
Russenorsk or Russonorsk (Norwegian for "Russo-Norwegian") is mainly limited to 18th and 19th centuries. The Russian Revolution of 1917 brought about an end to its use; it is reported that the last Norwegian–Russian trade occurred in 1923, marking the last use of Russenorsk.
It was a
pidgin language combining elements of Russian and Norwegian, created by traders and whalers from northern Norway and the Russian Kola peninsula. Another name for the language was Moja på tvoja that parodied a perverted Russian phrase, meaning something like "I can speak in your language" (from the Russian words "my", моя ( moya) here used to mean "in" по ( po) "your") твоя ( tvoya)
Swedish [ edit ]
Swedish and Norwegian are mutually comprehensible to a considerable degree.
Pyramiden, which later became Soviet, was founded by a Swedish company in 1910.
References [ edit ]