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Polar Bear Hunting Seals north of Svalbard  (Spitsbergen, MS Expedition, 2013)
Polar Bear Hunting Seals north of Svalbard (Spitsbergen, MS Expedition, 2013)
::2013/07/20::
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النرويج سياحة الطبيعة - norvege
::2014/12/26::
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Song "Svalbard" of Laurent Valo  (International sign language)
Song "Svalbard" of Laurent Valo (International sign language)
::2012/11/15::
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landscape photography 2014 latest pictures high resolution
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HURTIGRUTEN SPITSBERGEN
::2014/10/01::
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Cary Fowler: One seed at a time, protecting the future of f
Cary Fowler: One seed at a time, protecting the future of f
::2009/08/31::
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The Union Trade - Svalbard
The Union Trade - Svalbard
::2015/02/01::
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Spitsbergen Part I
Spitsbergen Part I
::2014/08/14::
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HURTIGRUTEN SPITSBERGEN - kayaking
HURTIGRUTEN SPITSBERGEN - kayaking
::2014/10/01::
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Piramida - Rosyjska ruina na krańcu świata [SPITSBERGEN]
Piramida - Rosyjska ruina na krańcu świata [SPITSBERGEN]
::2014/09/04::
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HURTIGRUTEN SPITSBERGEN short version
HURTIGRUTEN SPITSBERGEN short version
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HURTIGRUTEN - SPITSBERGEN, Polarcirkel Boat cruising
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::2014/10/01::
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Reason to Visit Norway - Visit Norway - Norway City
::2014/08/10::
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#FACKYA#EXPLORE# to Fabia bercsek film por Boo Svalbard
::2011/04/20::
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Wyprawa na Spitsbergen: wprowadzenie
::2014/08/30::
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Midnight sun in Longyearbyen, Svalbard - Årets første midnatssol på Svalbard 19. april 2013
Midnight sun in Longyearbyen, Svalbard - Årets første midnatssol på Svalbard 19. april 2013
::2013/04/23::
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national anthem Svalbard - Ja, vi elsker dette landetr
national anthem Svalbard - Ja, vi elsker dette landetr
::2014/09/12::
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BTA Language of Flowers
BTA Language of Flowers
::2011/01/24::
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TransARCTIQUE - 3-5 - Découverte du Svalbard.
TransARCTIQUE - 3-5 - Découverte du Svalbard.
::2011/11/02::
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WITNESSING Rocks! in 2 Languages @ WORLD VISION DAY, Jan. 2015 (NYC)
WITNESSING Rocks! in 2 Languages @ WORLD VISION DAY, Jan. 2015 (NYC)
::2015/01/04::
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Russians stake out post on Norway
Russians stake out post on Norway's Arctic edge
::2009/09/11::
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How to Pronounce Svalbard
::2014/01/21::
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::2014/02/07::
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International Sign Language of the Deaf.avi
::2011/12/14::
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Scandinavian heirs to the throne join Research Trip to Svalbard in Norway (2008)
Scandinavian heirs to the throne join Research Trip to Svalbard in Norway (2008)
::2009/10/23::
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As deafness increases - Svalbard
::2012/11/05::
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Jan rundt om Svalbard 1
Jan rundt om Svalbard 1
::2013/02/25::
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Chanson Svalbard LSF de Laurent Valo
Chanson Svalbard LSF de Laurent Valo
::2012/11/15::
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The pictures of  west Norway
The pictures of west Norway
::2010/03/09::
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The CASHual Tennessee Studs - Promo (1,5 min) - Johnny Cash tribute band from Norway / Norge
The CASHual Tennessee Studs - Promo (1,5 min) - Johnny Cash tribute band from Norway / Norge
::2010/11/11::
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The CASHual Tennessee Studs - Slideshow w/ music - Johnny Cash tribute band from Norway / Norge
The CASHual Tennessee Studs - Slideshow w/ music - Johnny Cash tribute band from Norway / Norge
::2010/11/11::
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Movie with nothing
Movie with nothing
::2015/01/28::
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OSLO - TROMSO - SVALBARD by norwegian.no - Flight Simulator 2004
OSLO - TROMSO - SVALBARD by norwegian.no - Flight Simulator 2004
::2013/02/24::
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Voyage for the Future Video Diary 2 - Day one in Svalbard
Voyage for the Future Video Diary 2 - Day one in Svalbard
::2008/08/04::
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The CASHual Tennessee Studs at American Festival, Lista - Johnny Cash tribute band, Norway / Norge
The CASHual Tennessee Studs at American Festival, Lista - Johnny Cash tribute band, Norway / Norge
::2011/07/18::
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The CASHual Tennessee Studs - Promo (2,5 min)  - Johnny Cash tribute band from Norway / Norge
The CASHual Tennessee Studs - Promo (2,5 min) - Johnny Cash tribute band from Norway / Norge
::2010/11/11::
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Norway - Highlights from Winter time.
Norway - Highlights from Winter time.
::2010/01/07::
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Satw Multilanguage   Colors of the wind
Satw Multilanguage Colors of the wind
::2015/02/10::
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#FACKYA#EXPLORE# to Fabia bercsek film por Luciano Ferrarezi
#FACKYA#EXPLORE# to Fabia bercsek film por Luciano Ferrarezi
::2011/04/20::
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Red Ice Radio -  William Engdahl -  Doomsday Food & The Business of Eugenics
Red Ice Radio - William Engdahl - Doomsday Food & The Business of Eugenics
::2013/10/19::
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Mitt første prosjekt
Mitt første prosjekt
::2012/01/03::
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How To Make Money Online 100% Free Very Simple (Work From Home Job)
How To Make Money Online 100% Free Very Simple (Work From Home Job)
::2012/07/14::
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VAALU TRAILER REMIX
VAALU TRAILER REMIX
::2014/11/23::
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Smart Night Out @ YBCA
Smart Night Out @ YBCA
::2011/05/13::
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Yggdrasil - Springar frå Agder (Herrelaus 1998)
Yggdrasil - Springar frå Agder (Herrelaus 1998)
::2012/11/30::
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Retarded Polar Bear
Retarded Polar Bear
::2011/12/12::
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Vidda - Ole Edvard Antonsen
Vidda - Ole Edvard Antonsen
::2010/01/11::
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Spitsbergen Travel presents dog sledding
Spitsbergen Travel presents dog sledding
::2013/11/15::
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Svalbard 2010 - teaser.mpg
Svalbard 2010 - teaser.mpg
::2011/02/13::
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Sea lion on Svalbard islands.
Sea lion on Svalbard islands.
::2012/07/25::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Svalbard has a population of approximately 2,395 people as of 2011. Approximately 70% of the people are Norwegian; the remaining 30% are Russian and Ukrainian. The official language of Svalbard is Norwegian. Russian is used in the Russian settlements, but formerly, Russenorsk was the lingua franca of the entire Barents Sea region.

The annual population growth is -0.02%, but as may be seen from the following chart, the ex-Soviet population has atrophied, while the Norwegians have been increasing.

Population of Svalbard[1]
Year Total Norwegian Russian/Soviet Polish
1990 3,544 1,125 2,407 12
1995 2,906 1,218 1,679 9
2000 2,376 1,475 893 8
2005 2,400 1,645 747 8


Norwegian[edit]

Norwegian is the official, and main language, of the archipelago. The weekly Svalbardposten is published in it.

Mainly Norwegian speaking settlements include Longyearbyen, the capital, Ny-Ålesund and Sveagruva

Polish[edit]

There is a Polish Polar Station at Hornsund.

Russian[edit]

An example of the use of Russian on a monument at Barentsburg

Mainly Russian-speaking settlements include Barentsburg

Some Russian is spoken in Svalbard's capital Longyearbyen, and appears in some signage.

Abandoned communities which spoke Russian include Grumant until 1961, Pyramiden until 2000.

Chinese[edit]

The Arctic Yellow River Station was established in 2003, by the People's Republic of China.[2][3][4]

Dutch[edit]

Smeerenburg was Dutch speaking until about 1660. The name itself is Dutch for "blubber town". There was also a Dutch whaling station on Ytre Norskøya and several other locations in Svalbard as well.

The Netherlands still retains a research station at Ny-Ålesund.

Danish[edit]

The Danes were also present at Smeerenburg from 1619–23, 1625 and 1631. They also built a seasonal settlement in Kobbefjorden, which they occupied for a quarter century (1631–58).

English[edit]

English was spoken from the many whaling settlements established in Svalbard from 1611 to 1670.

French[edit]

French was spoken at the whaling settlement in Hamburgbukta, which was occupied from 1633 to 1638. France now maintains a research station at Ny-Ålesund.

Other languages[edit]

At present, Germany, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, Japan and South Korea all maintain research stations at Ny-Ålesund, although not all are inhabited year-round.

Former and extinct languages[edit]

Russenorsk[edit]

The history of Russenorsk or Russonorsk (Norwegian for "Russo-Norwegian") is mainly limited to 18th and 19th centuries. The Russian Revolution of 1917 brought about an end to its use; it is reported that the last Norwegian–Russian trade occurred in 1923, marking the last use of Russenorsk.

It was a pidgin language combining elements of Russian and Norwegian, created by traders and whalers from northern Norway and the Russian Kola peninsula. Another name for the language was Moja på tvoja that parodied a perverted Russian phrase, meaning something like "I can speak in your language" (from the Russian words моя (moya) "my", по (po) here used to mean "in" твоя (tvoya) "your")

Swedish[edit]

Swedish and Norwegian are mutually comprehensible to a considerable degree.

Pyramiden, which later became Soviet, was founded by a Swedish company in 1910.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Web publication of Statistics Norway, the official body for such data in Norway. Units provided are metric only; no unit conversions provided here.
  2. ^ "Arctic Yellow River Station". Polar Research Institute of China. 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-29. 
  3. ^ http://www.pric.gov.cn/enindex.asp?sortid=1 "Polar Research Institute of China: A brief introduction". Polar Research Institute of China. 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-29. 
  4. ^ "Polar Upper Atmosphere Physics". Polar Research Institute of China. 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-29. 
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