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1
Polar Bear Hunting Seals north of Svalbard  (Spitsbergen, MS Expedition, 2013)
Polar Bear Hunting Seals north of Svalbard (Spitsbergen, MS Expedition, 2013)
::2013/07/20::
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2
How to Pronounce Svalbard
How to Pronounce Svalbard
::2014/01/21::
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3
Voyage for the Future Video Diary 2 - Day one in Svalbard
Voyage for the Future Video Diary 2 - Day one in Svalbard
::2008/08/04::
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4
Song "Svalbard" of Laurent Valo  (International sign language)
Song "Svalbard" of Laurent Valo (International sign language)
::2012/11/15::
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5
"Happy" from Permafrost Summer Course at Svalbard 2014
"Happy" from Permafrost Summer Course at Svalbard 2014
::2014/07/16::
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6
landscape photography 2014 latest pictures high resolution
landscape photography 2014 latest pictures high resolution
::2014/05/22::
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7
Permafrost research in NE-Greenland - Ten students one goal
Permafrost research in NE-Greenland - Ten students one goal
::2013/10/14::
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8
Arctic Nature Guide
Arctic Nature Guide
::2010/11/18::
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9
Midnight sun in Longyearbyen, Svalbard - Årets første midnatssol på Svalbard 19. april 2013
Midnight sun in Longyearbyen, Svalbard - Årets første midnatssol på Svalbard 19. april 2013
::2013/04/23::
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10
Spitsbergen Part I
Spitsbergen Part I
::2014/08/14::
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11
Livet er Svalbard Del 1 Episode 5
Livet er Svalbard Del 1 Episode 5
::2012/11/09::
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12
Svalbard
Svalbard
::2014/05/28::
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13
Norway Channel 4 Scandimania 3of3 Norway
Norway Channel 4 Scandimania 3of3 Norway
::2014/05/18::
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14
Majalis - Svalbard (Live @ Trondheim Metal Fest)
Majalis - Svalbard (Live @ Trondheim Metal Fest)
::2014/04/11::
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15
Richard Sidey - Speechless # 3: Lågøya Svalbard
Richard Sidey - Speechless # 3: Lågøya Svalbard
::2013/12/30::
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16
Svalbard Husky
Svalbard Husky
::2013/06/17::
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17
Dog howling like a wolf. Svalbard.
Dog howling like a wolf. Svalbard.
::2014/03/22::
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18
As deafness increases - Svalbard
As deafness increases - Svalbard
::2012/11/05::
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19
Russians stake out post on Norway
Russians stake out post on Norway's Arctic edge
::2009/09/11::
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20
My Svalbard Experience
My Svalbard Experience
::2010/10/09::
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21
OSLO - TROMSO - SVALBARD by norwegian.no - Flight Simulator 2004
OSLO - TROMSO - SVALBARD by norwegian.no - Flight Simulator 2004
::2013/02/24::
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22
Red Ice Radio - William Engdahl - Doomsday Food & The Business of Eugenics
Red Ice Radio - William Engdahl - Doomsday Food & The Business of Eugenics
::2013/10/18::
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23
Chanson Svalbard LSF de Laurent Valo
Chanson Svalbard LSF de Laurent Valo
::2012/11/15::
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24
The pictures of  west Norway
The pictures of west Norway
::2010/03/09::
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25
BTA Language of Flowers
BTA Language of Flowers
::2011/01/24::
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26
Scandinavian heirs to the throne join Research Trip to Svalbard in Norway (2008)
Scandinavian heirs to the throne join Research Trip to Svalbard in Norway (2008)
::2009/10/23::
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27
Cheryl Leonard - Polarnatt (excerpt)
Cheryl Leonard - Polarnatt (excerpt)
::2013/03/15::
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28
#FACKYA#EXPLORE# to Fabia bercsek film por Boo Svalbard
#FACKYA#EXPLORE# to Fabia bercsek film por Boo Svalbard
::2011/04/20::
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29
Cary Fowler: One seed at a time, protecting the future of f
Cary Fowler: One seed at a time, protecting the future of f
::2009/08/31::
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30
Journey to Svalbard-Russian song part7
Journey to Svalbard-Russian song part7
::2012/06/16::
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31
Svalbard i sort/hvitt og farger - Jan Knutzen
Svalbard i sort/hvitt og farger - Jan Knutzen
::2010/10/09::
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32
Project Svalbard - trailer
Project Svalbard - trailer
::2011/12/01::
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33
Norwegian Language: Possessive Pronouns
Norwegian Language: Possessive Pronouns
::2014/06/03::
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34
International Sign Language of the Deaf.avi
International Sign Language of the Deaf.avi
::2011/12/14::
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35
List of Countries 07
List of Countries 07
::2014/02/07::
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36
Photo Slideshow: From the Desert to the Arctic - Preserving Southwestern Biodiversity
Photo Slideshow: From the Desert to the Arctic - Preserving Southwestern Biodiversity
::2011/04/12::
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37
Crown Princess Mary opens Refugee Council
Crown Princess Mary opens Refugee Council's Language Center (2013)
::2013/09/20::
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38
Song-- "Who we are!" (Deafs of American Sign Language)
Song-- "Who we are!" (Deafs of American Sign Language)
::2013/09/27::
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39
Eton schoolboy mauled by polar bear in Norway expedition camp
Eton schoolboy mauled by polar bear in Norway expedition camp
::2014/07/10::
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40
Polar Bear Dog (Buddy), and a Puggle (Sandy Starbuck) in the snow.
Polar Bear Dog (Buddy), and a Puggle (Sandy Starbuck) in the snow.
::2012/11/27::
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41
Mitt første prosjekt
Mitt første prosjekt
::2012/01/03::
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42
Norway - Highlights from Winter time.
Norway - Highlights from Winter time.
::2010/01/07::
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43
Counties of Norway - Fylkene Norge
Counties of Norway - Fylkene Norge
::2013/11/17::
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44
Culinan.net - Meetting with Bruno Moncelle (international sign language)
Culinan.net - Meetting with Bruno Moncelle (international sign language)
::2011/04/09::
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45
HINO DA NORUEGA
HINO DA NORUEGA
::2012/07/17::
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46
Yggdrasil - Springar frå Agder (Herrelaus 1998)
Yggdrasil - Springar frå Agder (Herrelaus 1998)
::2012/11/30::
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47
Venus Transit From Arctic and Australia Shows Parallax | Video
Venus Transit From Arctic and Australia Shows Parallax | Video
::2012/09/28::
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48
2012 fall 4
2012 fall 4
::2012/09/12::
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49
nternational Business and Languages - Fontys Economische Hogeschool IBL
nternational Business and Languages - Fontys Economische Hogeschool IBL
::2011/11/02::
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50
Zahlfjøsen på Kjerringøy 2012.m4v
Zahlfjøsen på Kjerringøy 2012.m4v
::2012/07/30::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Svalbard has a population of approximately 2,395 people as of 2011. Approximately 70% of the people are Norwegian; the remaining 30% are Russian and Ukrainian. The official language of Svalbard is Norwegian. Russian is used in the Russian settlements, but formerly, Russenorsk was the lingua franca of the entire Barents Sea region.

The annual population growth is -0.02%, but as may be seen from the following chart, the ex-Soviet population has atrophied, while the Norwegians have been increasing.

Population of Svalbard[1]
Year Total Norwegian Russian/Soviet Polish
1990 3,544 1,125 2,407 12
1995 2,906 1,218 1,679 9
2000 2,376 1,475 893 8
2005 2,400 1,645 747 8


Norwegian[edit]

Norwegian is the official, and main language, of the archipelago. The weekly Svalbardposten is published in it.

Mainly Norwegian speaking settlements include Longyearbyen, the capital, Ny-Ålesund and Sveagruva

Polish[edit]

There is a Polish Polar Station at Hornsund.

Russian[edit]

An example of the use of Russian on a monument at Barentsburg

Mainly Russian-speaking settlements include Barentsburg

Some Russian is spoken in Svalbard's capital Longyearbyen, and appears in some signage.

Abandoned communities which spoke Russian include Grumant until 1961, Pyramiden until 2000.

Chinese[edit]

The Arctic Yellow River Station was established in 2003, by the People's Republic of China.[2][3][4]

Dutch[edit]

Smeerenburg was Dutch speaking until about 1660. The name itself is Dutch for "blubber town". There was also a Dutch whaling station on Ytre Norskøya and several other locations in Svalbard as well.

The Netherlands still retains a research station at Ny-Ålesund.

Danish[edit]

The Danes were also present at Smeerenburg from 1619–23, 1625 and 1631. They also built a seasonal settlement in Kobbefjorden, which they occupied for a quarter century (1631–58).

English[edit]

English was spoken from the many whaling settlements established in Svalbard from 1611 to 1670.

French[edit]

French was spoken at the whaling settlement in Hamburgbukta, which was occupied from 1633 to 1638. France now maintains a research station at Ny-Ålesund.

Other languages[edit]

At present, Germany, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, Japan and South Korea all maintain research stations at Ny-Ålesund, although not all are inhabited year-round.

Former and extinct languages[edit]

Russenorsk[edit]

The history of Russenorsk or Russonorsk (Norwegian for "Russo-Norwegian") is mainly limited to 18th and 19th centuries. The Russian Revolution of 1917 brought about an end to its use; it is reported that the last Norwegian–Russian trade occurred in 1923, marking the last use of Russenorsk.

It was a pidgin language combining elements of Russian and Norwegian, created by traders and whalers from northern Norway and the Russian Kola peninsula. Another name for the language was Moja på tvoja that parodied a perverted Russian phrase, meaning something like "I can speak in your language" (from the Russian words моя (moya) "my", по (po) here used to mean "in" твоя (tvoya) "your")

Swedish[edit]

Swedish and Norwegian are mutually comprehensible to a considerable degree.

Pyramiden, which later became Soviet, was founded by a Swedish company in 1910.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Web publication of Statistics Norway, the official body for such data in Norway. Units provided are metric only; no unit conversions provided here.
  2. ^ "Arctic Yellow River Station". Polar Research Institute of China. 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-29. 
  3. ^ http://www.pric.gov.cn/enindex.asp?sortid=1 "Polar Research Institute of China: A brief introduction". Polar Research Institute of China. 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-29. 
  4. ^ "Polar Upper Atmosphere Physics". Polar Research Institute of China. 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-29. 
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