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Svalbard globale frøhvelv / Svalbard Global Seed Vault (Norwegian Language) - Unravel Travel TV
Svalbard globale frøhvelv / Svalbard Global Seed Vault (Norwegian Language) - Unravel Travel TV
Published: 2016/02/06
Channel: Unravel Travel TV
Pyramiden - Svalbard September 2016
Pyramiden - Svalbard September 2016
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: Andreas Øverland
Sons of Svalbard - Meanwhile on Svalbard
Sons of Svalbard - Meanwhile on Svalbard
Published: 2014/02/27
Channel: Stig Roar Hegvik
Longyearbyen | Svalbard | coal on cables,  Norwegian Arctic, exploration,
Longyearbyen | Svalbard | coal on cables, Norwegian Arctic, exploration,
Published: 2017/04/30
Channel: Cities of the World
Flying High Over Svalbard, Pyramiden & Longyearbyen
Flying High Over Svalbard, Pyramiden & Longyearbyen
Published: 2016/06/06
Channel: Petter Nilssen
Svalbard (english version)
Svalbard (english version)
Published: 2013/12/09
Channel: Tilak.cz
Can TUNISIAN democracy survive ISLAMISM? - VisualPolitik EN
Can TUNISIAN democracy survive ISLAMISM? - VisualPolitik EN
Published: 2017/03/23
Channel: VisualPolitik EN
»The Sound Of Svalbard« for String Sextet (2015) | JFNikolai
»The Sound Of Svalbard« for String Sextet (2015) | JFNikolai
Published: 2015/06/28
Channel: Joachim Franziskus Nikolai
Take a Tour of a Soviet-Era Ghost Town at the Edge of the World | Short Film Showcase
Take a Tour of a Soviet-Era Ghost Town at the Edge of the World | Short Film Showcase
Published: 2017/01/22
Channel: National Geographic
Hokkaido and Remoteness in the Japanese Context (Longyearbyen, Svalbard)
Hokkaido and Remoteness in the Japanese Context (Longyearbyen, Svalbard)
Published: 2017/01/24
Channel: English Lecture
Exploring Spitsbergen
Exploring Spitsbergen
Published: 2014/10/01
Channel: Hurtigruten
‘Doomsday vault’ Norway: How the Svalbard Global Seed Vault works - TomoNews
‘Doomsday vault’ Norway: How the Svalbard Global Seed Vault works - TomoNews
Published: 2016/10/04
Channel: TomoNews US
The Svalbard Global Seed Vault - Brian Lainoff - BOLDtalks 2017
The Svalbard Global Seed Vault - Brian Lainoff - BOLDtalks 2017
Published: 2017/03/18
Channel: BOLDtalks
Svalbard   Norway
Svalbard Norway
Published: 2010/11/19
Channel: THEWORLDOFTRAVEL
Take a Tour of the Doomsday Seed Vault
Take a Tour of the Doomsday Seed Vault
Published: 2017/05/26
Channel: LiveScience
[Svalbard Vlog #1] Intro to the NSV
[Svalbard Vlog #1] Intro to the NSV
Published: 2016/02/13
Channel: Nils Tillander
Exploring Spitsbergen
Exploring Spitsbergen
Published: 2014/10/01
Channel: Hurtigruten
Bilder fra SVALBARD sommern 2014
Bilder fra SVALBARD sommern 2014
Published: 2014/07/28
Channel: Jonny Myhre
SVALBARD THEME
SVALBARD THEME
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: Kjell Espejord
Svalbard - Das Schicksal {Tradução}
Svalbard - Das Schicksal {Tradução}
Published: 2015/01/31
Channel: Estivador Arguto
What
What's The Doomsday Seed Vault Really For?
Published: 2015/06/29
Channel: Tom Scott
Svalbard - Melting Hands
Svalbard - Melting Hands
Published: 2015/11/29
Channel: YF IMD
Svalbard timelapse compilation
Svalbard timelapse compilation
Published: 2016/01/31
Channel: Harald Dahl
Svalbard Blues
Svalbard Blues
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: bigfellalinc
Is the EUROPEAN UNION a CONFEDERATION? - VisualPolitik EN
Is the EUROPEAN UNION a CONFEDERATION? - VisualPolitik EN
Published: 2017/06/19
Channel: VisualPolitik EN
Svalbard - The Frozen North
Svalbard - The Frozen North
Published: 2016/08/13
Channel: Brennan Purtzer
Svalbard
Svalbard
Published: 2011/05/04
Channel: brattkwadratt
Kayaking in Spitsbergen
Kayaking in Spitsbergen
Published: 2014/10/01
Channel: Hurtigruten
Lost Tapes - Longyearbyen
Lost Tapes - Longyearbyen
Published: 2016/02/13
Channel: Lost Tapes
Norway #1 - General information about Norway
Norway #1 - General information about Norway
Published: 2017/05/27
Channel: Europe L&W
Jan rundt om Svalbard 1
Jan rundt om Svalbard 1
Published: 2013/02/25
Channel: Jan Tandrup Petersen
Svalbard above the Arctic Circle. Long version.
Svalbard above the Arctic Circle. Long version.
Published: 2013/11/23
Channel: Ron Caruso
Audio Dictionary: Russian to Norwegian
Audio Dictionary: Russian to Norwegian
Published: 2015/12/13
Channel: Audio Languages
What was your troubles when you came to Norway?
What was your troubles when you came to Norway?
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: Norwegian Teacher - Karin
How did IRELAND step out of POVERTY? - VisualPolitik EN
How did IRELAND step out of POVERTY? - VisualPolitik EN
Published: 2017/04/27
Channel: VisualPolitik EN
How to Visit Chernobyl
How to Visit Chernobyl
Published: 2015/07/29
Channel: Tom Scott
Is ESTONIA the European SILICON VALLEY? - VisualPolitik EN
Is ESTONIA the European SILICON VALLEY? - VisualPolitik EN
Published: 2017/03/16
Channel: VisualPolitik EN
Fun Facts about the Svalbard Global Seed Vault
Fun Facts about the Svalbard Global Seed Vault
Published: 2017/05/21
Channel: Facts Explained
The pictures of  west Norway
The pictures of west Norway
Published: 2010/03/09
Channel: Lin K.
Why is Japan REARMING? - VisualPolitik EN
Why is Japan REARMING? - VisualPolitik EN
Published: 2017/06/02
Channel: VisualPolitik EN
Eclipse - Salomon Freeski TV S9 E03
Eclipse - Salomon Freeski TV S9 E03
Published: 2015/11/10
Channel: SalomonFreeskiTV
Global seed Vault. world seed bank. in Norway
Global seed Vault. world seed bank. in Norway
Published: 2017/05/17
Channel: fun telugu
What is COMMUNISM ALL ABOUT? - VisualPolitik EN
What is COMMUNISM ALL ABOUT? - VisualPolitik EN
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: VisualPolitik EN
Spitsbergen Part I
Spitsbergen Part I
Published: 2014/08/14
Channel: Pavel Gospodinov
Supermarket in the North Pole 11/19/2013
Supermarket in the North Pole 11/19/2013
Published: 2013/11/19
Channel: Iori Mochizuki
Doomsday Vault gets new shipment | CNBC International
Doomsday Vault gets new shipment | CNBC International
Published: 2017/02/23
Channel: CNBC International
California City: The Largest City Never Built | Tom Scott Has a Field Day
California City: The Largest City Never Built | Tom Scott Has a Field Day
Published: 2015/12/01
Channel: Field Day
Mitt Statsbygg: Bente Næverdal og Svalbard globale frøhvelv
Mitt Statsbygg: Bente Næverdal og Svalbard globale frøhvelv
Published: 2016/11/20
Channel: StatsbyggFilm
Jodulu Wanderlust 2016: Norway/Svalbard
Jodulu Wanderlust 2016: Norway/Svalbard
Published: 2016/05/21
Channel: Jody Liu
Svalbard 2010 - teaser.mpg
Svalbard 2010 - teaser.mpg
Published: 2011/02/13
Channel: Cwissitude
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Svalbard has a population of approximately 2,395 people as of 2011. Approximately 70% of the people are Norwegian; the remaining 30% are Russian and Ukrainian. The official language of Svalbard is Norwegian. Russian is used in the Russian settlements, but formerly, Russenorsk was the lingua franca of the entire Barents Sea region.

The annual population growth is -0.02%, but as may be seen from the following chart, the ex-Soviet population has atrophied, while the Norwegians have been increasing.

Population of Svalbard[1]
Year Total Norwegian Russian/Soviet Polish
1990 3,544 1,125 2,407 12
1995 2,906 1,218 1,679 9
2000 2,376 1,475 893 8
2005 2,400 1,645 747 8


Norwegian[edit]

Norwegian is the official, and main language, of the archipelago. The weekly Svalbardposten is published in it.

Mainly Norwegian speaking settlements include Longyearbyen, the capital, Ny-Ålesund and Sveagruva

Polish[edit]

There is a Polish Polar Station at Hornsund.

Russian[edit]

An example of the use of Russian on a monument at Barentsburg

Mainly Russian-speaking settlements include Barentsburg

Some Russian is spoken in Svalbard's capital Longyearbyen, and appears in some signage.

Abandoned communities which spoke Russian include Grumant until 1961, Pyramiden until 2000.

Chinese[edit]

The Arctic Yellow River Station was established in 2003, by the People's Republic of China.[2][3][4]

Dutch[edit]

Smeerenburg was Dutch speaking until about 1660. The name itself is Dutch for "blubber town". There was also a Dutch whaling station on Ytre Norskøya and several other locations in Svalbard as well.

The Netherlands still retains a research station at Ny-Ålesund.

Danish[edit]

The Danes were also present at Smeerenburg from 1619–23, 1625 and 1631. They also built a seasonal settlement in Kobbefjorden, which they occupied for a quarter century (1631–58).

English[edit]

English was spoken from the many whaling settlements established in Svalbard from 1611 to 1670.

French[edit]

French was spoken at the whaling settlement in Hamburgbukta, which was occupied from 1633 to 1638. France now maintains a research station at Ny-Ålesund.

Other languages[edit]

At present, Germany, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, Japan and South Korea all maintain research stations at Ny-Ålesund, although not all are inhabited year-round.

Former and extinct languages[edit]

Russenorsk[edit]

The history of Russenorsk or Russonorsk (Norwegian for "Russo-Norwegian") is mainly limited to 18th and 19th centuries. The Russian Revolution of 1917 brought about an end to its use; it is reported that the last Norwegian–Russian trade occurred in 1923, marking the last use of Russenorsk.

It was a pidgin language combining elements of Russian and Norwegian, created by traders and whalers from northern Norway and the Russian Kola peninsula. Another name for the language was Moja på tvoja that parodied a perverted Russian phrase, meaning something like "I can speak in your language" (from the Russian words моя (moya) "my", по (po) here used to mean "in" твоя (tvoya) "your")

Swedish[edit]

Swedish and Norwegian are mutually comprehensible to a considerable degree.

Pyramiden, which later became Soviet, was founded by a Swedish company in 1910.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Web publication of Statistics Norway, the official body for such data in Norway. Units provided are metric only; no unit conversions provided here.
  2. ^ "Arctic Yellow River Station". Polar Research Institute of China. 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-29. 
  3. ^ http://www.pric.gov.cn/enindex.asp?sortid=1 "Polar Research Institute of China: A brief introduction". Polar Research Institute of China. 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-29. 
  4. ^ "Polar Upper Atmosphere Physics". Polar Research Institute of China. 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-29. 

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