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Svalbard globale frøhvelv / Svalbard Global Seed Vault (Norwegian Language) - Unravel Travel TV
Svalbard globale frøhvelv / Svalbard Global Seed Vault (Norwegian Language) - Unravel Travel TV
Published: 2016/02/06
Channel: Unravel Travel TV
Pyramiden - Svalbard September 2016
Pyramiden - Svalbard September 2016
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: Andreas Øverland
Flying High Over Svalbard, Pyramiden & Longyearbyen
Flying High Over Svalbard, Pyramiden & Longyearbyen
Published: 2016/06/06
Channel: Petter Nilssen
The Islands Where Guns are Required
The Islands Where Guns are Required
Published: 2015/07/03
Channel: Tom Scott
Exploring Spitsbergen
Exploring Spitsbergen
Published: 2014/10/01
Channel: Hurtigruten
Svalbard (english version)
Svalbard (english version)
Published: 2013/12/09
Channel: Tilak.cz
Svalbard - Grayscale
Svalbard - Grayscale
Published: 2014/11/11
Channel: Sval bard
Svalbard - Norwegian archipelago
Svalbard - Norwegian archipelago
Published: 2015/08/04
Channel: Awaken Your Soul
Take a Tour of a Soviet-Era Ghost Town at the Edge of the World | Short Film Showcase
Take a Tour of a Soviet-Era Ghost Town at the Edge of the World | Short Film Showcase
Published: 2017/01/22
Channel: National Geographic
Hokkaido and Remoteness in the Japanese Context (Longyearbyen, Svalbard)
Hokkaido and Remoteness in the Japanese Context (Longyearbyen, Svalbard)
Published: 2017/01/24
Channel: English Lecture
Sons of Svalbard - Meanwhile on Svalbard
Sons of Svalbard - Meanwhile on Svalbard
Published: 2014/02/27
Channel: Stig Roar Hegvik
SVALBARD THEME
SVALBARD THEME
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: Kjell Espejord
Kayaking in Spitsbergen
Kayaking in Spitsbergen
Published: 2014/10/01
Channel: Hurtigruten
Exploring Spitsbergen
Exploring Spitsbergen
Published: 2014/10/01
Channel: Hurtigruten
Svalbard - The Frozen North
Svalbard - The Frozen North
Published: 2016/08/13
Channel: Brennan Purtzer
daily life in svalbard
daily life in svalbard
Published: 2016/12/30
Channel: Bingjian Gao
Spitsbergen Part I
Spitsbergen Part I
Published: 2014/08/14
Channel: Pavel Gospodinov
The Most Beautiful Countries in the World - TOP10
The Most Beautiful Countries in the World - TOP10
Published: 2017/04/05
Channel: 10B&W
Svalbard adalarının hüququ statusu, iqtisadiyyatı, bu günü
Svalbard adalarının hüququ statusu, iqtisadiyyatı, bu günü
Published: 2015/12/01
Channel: AUL Channel Azerbaijan University of Languages
‘Doomsday vault’ Norway: How the Svalbard Global Seed Vault works - TomoNews
‘Doomsday vault’ Norway: How the Svalbard Global Seed Vault works - TomoNews
Published: 2016/10/04
Channel: TomoNews US
The Beauty of the Northern Countries (Norway, Iceland, Finland, Sweden, etc)
The Beauty of the Northern Countries (Norway, Iceland, Finland, Sweden, etc)
Published: 2008/09/11
Channel: Elindomiel
Norway #1 - General information about Norway
Norway #1 - General information about Norway
Published: 2017/05/27
Channel: Europe L&W
Jan rundt om Svalbard 1
Jan rundt om Svalbard 1
Published: 2013/02/25
Channel: Jan Tandrup Petersen
Svalbard above the Arctic Circle. Long version.
Svalbard above the Arctic Circle. Long version.
Published: 2013/11/23
Channel: Ron Caruso
What
What's The Doomsday Seed Vault Really For?
Published: 2015/06/29
Channel: Tom Scott
16 Places You
16 Places You're Not Allowed To Visit
Published: 2016/08/14
Channel: Talltanic
Svalbard global seed vault in hindi by Tot
Svalbard global seed vault in hindi by Tot
Published: 2017/02/15
Channel: हिन्दी डोक्युमेंट्री चलचित्र -Wikipedia Explorers
Set of coins 1993 Russia Arcticugol Svalbard Shpitsbergen (4 coins)
Set of coins 1993 Russia Arcticugol Svalbard Shpitsbergen (4 coins)
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: CoinsMoscow.com
Visa Free Countries for Indians | Interesting facts in Telugu | Samyana Kathalu
Visa Free Countries for Indians | Interesting facts in Telugu | Samyana Kathalu
Published: 2016/11/23
Channel: Samyana Kathalu
Polarcirkel Boat Cruising in Spitsbergen
Polarcirkel Boat Cruising in Spitsbergen
Published: 2014/10/01
Channel: Hurtigruten
BRAZIL Explodes in 5 Languages on WORLD VISION DAY April 2, 2016 (Extension to April 10)
BRAZIL Explodes in 5 Languages on WORLD VISION DAY April 2, 2016 (Extension to April 10)
Published: 2016/04/06
Channel: HarvestArmy
The amazing Spitsbergen, Greenland & Antarctica
The amazing Spitsbergen, Greenland & Antarctica
Published: 2014/10/01
Channel: Hurtigruten
Svalbard Seed Vault: Built to save humanity from an apocalypse
Svalbard Seed Vault: Built to save humanity from an apocalypse
Published: 2017/03/17
Channel: euronews (in English)
Cary Fowler: One seed at a time, protecting the future of food: TED TALKS: documentary,lecture,talk
Cary Fowler: One seed at a time, protecting the future of food: TED TALKS: documentary,lecture,talk
Published: 2012/03/01
Channel: Health and Super Foods
International tensions on Arctic island? | DW English
International tensions on Arctic island? | DW English
Published: 2017/04/11
Channel: DW English
Song "Svalbard" of Laurent Valo  (International sign language)
Song "Svalbard" of Laurent Valo (International sign language)
Published: 2012/11/15
Channel: Laurent Valo
7 Amazing Facts from All Around the World
7 Amazing Facts from All Around the World
Published: 2015/08/15
Channel: Today I Found Out
Loss of Biodiversity
Loss of Biodiversity
Published: 2016/02/08
Channel: Bozeman Science
Wyprawa na Spitsbergen: wprowadzenie
Wyprawa na Spitsbergen: wprowadzenie
Published: 2014/08/30
Channel: Krzysztof Gonciarz
Euro Truck Simulator 2 - #290 - Renault T Range [ProMODS 2.11 - Svalbard, Norway]
Euro Truck Simulator 2 - #290 - Renault T Range [ProMODS 2.11 - Svalbard, Norway]
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: Umbra Otus
Camp Barentz, Svalbard 8th April 2015
Camp Barentz, Svalbard 8th April 2015
Published: 2015/04/09
Channel: Deborah Young
10 Most Heavily Guarded Places On Earth
10 Most Heavily Guarded Places On Earth
Published: 2017/06/11
Channel: TheHUB
Eclipse - Salomon Freeski TV S9 E03
Eclipse - Salomon Freeski TV S9 E03
Published: 2015/11/10
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Iceland and Scandinavia Aerial Footage
Iceland and Scandinavia Aerial Footage
Published: 2016/09/26
Channel: Science Nature Space
Arctic Survivors
Arctic Survivors
Published: 2016/06/01
Channel: Wild Animals
#FACKYA#EXPLORE# to Fabia bercsek film por Boo Svalbard
#FACKYA#EXPLORE# to Fabia bercsek film por Boo Svalbard
Published: 2011/04/20
Channel: Felipe Romano
Seed Vault of California Commercial - SPANISH - Mirriam
Seed Vault of California Commercial - SPANISH - Mirriam
Published: 2016/08/17
Channel: UpNug Media
दुनिया के 7 रहस्यमयी स्थान जहा आपका जाना मना है ||  Top 7 Mysterious places in the world
दुनिया के 7 रहस्यमयी स्थान जहा आपका जाना मना है || Top 7 Mysterious places in the world
Published: 2017/01/11
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14b.Berlin Alexanderplatz 1980 14 .G e f gk it pb sb sp -239 countries
14b.Berlin Alexanderplatz 1980 14 .G e f gk it pb sb sp -239 countries
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How to Speak Hindi Language.  Simple words. Chinese.  Through Mandarin. Spanish. Arabic. Portuguese.
How to Speak Hindi Language. Simple words. Chinese. Through Mandarin. Spanish. Arabic. Portuguese.
Published: 2015/08/11
Channel: Sakharam Khurpe : - SPOKEN ENGLISH
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Svalbard has a population of approximately 2,395 people as of 2011. Approximately 70% of the people are Norwegian; the remaining 30% are Russian and Ukrainian. The official language of Svalbard is Norwegian. Russian is used in the Russian settlements, but formerly, Russenorsk was the lingua franca of the entire Barents Sea region.

The annual population growth is -0.02%, but as may be seen from the following chart, the ex-Soviet population has atrophied, while the Norwegians have been increasing.

Population of Svalbard[1]
Year Total Norwegian Russian/Soviet Polish
1990 3,544 1,125 2,407 12
1995 2,906 1,218 1,679 9
2000 2,376 1,475 893 8
2005 2,400 1,645 747 8


Norwegian[edit]

Norwegian is the official, and main language, of the archipelago. The weekly Svalbardposten is published in it.

Mainly Norwegian speaking settlements include Longyearbyen, the capital, Ny-Ålesund and Sveagruva

Polish[edit]

There is a Polish Polar Station at Hornsund.

Russian[edit]

An example of the use of Russian on a monument at Barentsburg

Mainly Russian-speaking settlements include Barentsburg

Some Russian is spoken in Svalbard's capital Longyearbyen, and appears in some signage.

Abandoned communities which spoke Russian include Grumant until 1961, Pyramiden until 2000.

Chinese[edit]

The Arctic Yellow River Station was established in 2003, by the People's Republic of China.[2][3][4]

Dutch[edit]

Smeerenburg was Dutch speaking until about 1660. The name itself is Dutch for "blubber town". There was also a Dutch whaling station on Ytre Norskøya and several other locations in Svalbard as well.

The Netherlands still retains a research station at Ny-Ålesund.

Danish[edit]

The Danes were also present at Smeerenburg from 1619–23, 1625 and 1631. They also built a seasonal settlement in Kobbefjorden, which they occupied for a quarter century (1631–58).

English[edit]

English was spoken from the many whaling settlements established in Svalbard from 1611 to 1670.

French[edit]

French was spoken at the whaling settlement in Hamburgbukta, which was occupied from 1633 to 1638. France now maintains a research station at Ny-Ålesund.

Other languages[edit]

At present, Germany, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, Japan and South Korea all maintain research stations at Ny-Ålesund, although not all are inhabited year-round.

Former and extinct languages[edit]

Russenorsk[edit]

The history of Russenorsk or Russonorsk (Norwegian for "Russo-Norwegian") is mainly limited to 18th and 19th centuries. The Russian Revolution of 1917 brought about an end to its use; it is reported that the last Norwegian–Russian trade occurred in 1923, marking the last use of Russenorsk.

It was a pidgin language combining elements of Russian and Norwegian, created by traders and whalers from northern Norway and the Russian Kola peninsula. Another name for the language was Moja på tvoja that parodied a perverted Russian phrase, meaning something like "I can speak in your language" (from the Russian words моя (moya) "my", по (po) here used to mean "in" твоя (tvoya) "your")

Swedish[edit]

Swedish and Norwegian are mutually comprehensible to a considerable degree.

Pyramiden, which later became Soviet, was founded by a Swedish company in 1910.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Web publication of Statistics Norway, the official body for such data in Norway. Units provided are metric only; no unit conversions provided here.
  2. ^ "Arctic Yellow River Station". Polar Research Institute of China. 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-29. 
  3. ^ http://www.pric.gov.cn/enindex.asp?sortid=1 "Polar Research Institute of China: A brief introduction". Polar Research Institute of China. 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-29. 
  4. ^ "Polar Upper Atmosphere Physics". Polar Research Institute of China. 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-29. 

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