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1
Polar Bear Hunting Seals north of Svalbard  (Spitsbergen, MS Expedition, 2013)
Polar Bear Hunting Seals north of Svalbard (Spitsbergen, MS Expedition, 2013)
::2013/07/20::
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2
Robin og Bugge - Svalbard
Robin og Bugge - Svalbard
::2012/12/04::
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3
How to Pronounce Svalbard
How to Pronounce Svalbard
::2014/01/21::
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4
Voyage for the Future Video Diary 2 - Day one in Svalbard
Voyage for the Future Video Diary 2 - Day one in Svalbard
::2008/08/04::
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5
Song "Svalbard" of Laurent Valo  (International sign language)
Song "Svalbard" of Laurent Valo (International sign language)
::2012/11/15::
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6
landscape photography 2014 latest pictures high resolution
landscape photography 2014 latest pictures high resolution
::2014/05/22::
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7
Approach to Longyearbyen(LYR) on Svalbard, B737-800
Approach to Longyearbyen(LYR) on Svalbard, B737-800
::2014/06/09::
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8
It
It's a Field Work Adventure
::2011/03/31::
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9
Midnight sun in Longyearbyen, Svalbard - Årets første midnatssol på Svalbard 19. april 2013
Midnight sun in Longyearbyen, Svalbard - Årets første midnatssol på Svalbard 19. april 2013
::2013/04/23::
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10
Permafrost research in NE-Greenland - Ten students one goal
Permafrost research in NE-Greenland - Ten students one goal
::2013/10/14::
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11
Svalbard
Svalbard
::2014/05/28::
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12
Norway Channel 4 Scandimania 3of3 Norway
Norway Channel 4 Scandimania 3of3 Norway
::2014/05/18::
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13
Majalis - Svalbard (Live @ Trondheim Metal Fest)
Majalis - Svalbard (Live @ Trondheim Metal Fest)
::2014/04/11::
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14
Mari Boine singing
Mari Boine singing 'Elle' on Svalbard
::2008/10/18::
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15
Richard Sidey - Speechless # 3: Lågøya Svalbard
Richard Sidey - Speechless # 3: Lågøya Svalbard
::2013/12/30::
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16
Svalbard Husky
Svalbard Husky
::2013/06/17::
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17
Dog howling like a wolf. Svalbard.
Dog howling like a wolf. Svalbard.
::2014/03/23::
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18
Russians stake out post on Norway
Russians stake out post on Norway's Arctic edge
::2009/09/11::
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19
Svalbard 3
Svalbard 3
::2014/02/08::
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20
"Happy" from Permafrost Summer Course at Svalbard 2014
"Happy" from Permafrost Summer Course at Svalbard 2014
::2014/07/16::
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21
My Svalbard Experience
My Svalbard Experience
::2010/10/09::
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22
As deafness increases - Svalbard
As deafness increases - Svalbard
::2012/11/06::
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23
Reindeers on Svalbard, April 2013 - Rensdyr på Svalbard
Reindeers on Svalbard, April 2013 - Rensdyr på Svalbard
::2013/04/23::
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24
OSLO - TROMSO - SVALBARD by norwegian.no - Flight Simulator 2004
OSLO - TROMSO - SVALBARD by norwegian.no - Flight Simulator 2004
::2013/02/24::
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25
Chanson Svalbard LSF de Laurent Valo
Chanson Svalbard LSF de Laurent Valo
::2012/11/15::
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26
Cheryl Leonard - Polarnatt (excerpt)
Cheryl Leonard - Polarnatt (excerpt)
::2013/03/15::
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27
TransARCTIQUE - 3-5 - Découverte du Svalbard.
TransARCTIQUE - 3-5 - Découverte du Svalbard.
::2011/11/02::
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28
Red Ice Radio - William Engdahl - Doomsday Food & The Business of Eugenics
Red Ice Radio - William Engdahl - Doomsday Food & The Business of Eugenics
::2013/10/18::
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29
The pictures of  west Norway
The pictures of west Norway
::2010/03/09::
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30
BTA Language of Flowers
BTA Language of Flowers
::2011/01/25::
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31
Scandinavian heirs to the throne join Research Trip to Svalbard in Norway (2008)
Scandinavian heirs to the throne join Research Trip to Svalbard in Norway (2008)
::2009/10/23::
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32
Polar bear`s POV under the arctic water
Polar bear`s POV under the arctic water
::2014/06/09::
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33
Svalbard 2010 - teaser.mpg
Svalbard 2010 - teaser.mpg
::2011/02/13::
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34
#FACKYA#EXPLORE# to Fabia bercsek film por Boo Svalbard
#FACKYA#EXPLORE# to Fabia bercsek film por Boo Svalbard
::2011/04/20::
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35
Cary Fowler: One seed at a time, protecting the future of f
Cary Fowler: One seed at a time, protecting the future of f
::2009/08/31::
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36
Svalbard i sort/hvitt og farger - Jan Knutzen
Svalbard i sort/hvitt og farger - Jan Knutzen
::2010/10/09::
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37
Project Svalbard - trailer
Project Svalbard - trailer
::2011/12/01::
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38
Norwegian Language: Possessive Pronouns
Norwegian Language: Possessive Pronouns
::2014/06/03::
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39
Journey to Svalbard-Russian song part7
Journey to Svalbard-Russian song part7
::2012/06/16::
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40
International Sign Language of the Deaf.avi
International Sign Language of the Deaf.avi
::2011/12/14::
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41
List of Countries 07
List of Countries 07
::2014/02/08::
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42
Eton schoolboy mauled by polar bear in Norway expedition camp
Eton schoolboy mauled by polar bear in Norway expedition camp
::2014/07/10::
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43
Welcome to Copenhagen Language Center
Welcome to Copenhagen Language Center
::2014/03/21::
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44
Superman Kryptonian
Superman Kryptonian
::2013/06/28::
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45
Hattarvík, Fugloy island, Faroese documentary, part 1 of 4
Hattarvík, Fugloy island, Faroese documentary, part 1 of 4
::2012/10/16::
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46
Photo Slideshow: From the Desert to the Arctic - Preserving Southwestern Biodiversity
Photo Slideshow: From the Desert to the Arctic - Preserving Southwestern Biodiversity
::2011/04/12::
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47
Mitt første prosjekt
Mitt første prosjekt
::2012/01/03::
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48
Zachary using American Sign Language for song during 6th grade graduation.
Zachary using American Sign Language for song during 6th grade graduation.
::2013/06/01::
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49
Polar Bear Dog (Buddy), and a Puggle (Sandy Starbuck) in the snow.
Polar Bear Dog (Buddy), and a Puggle (Sandy Starbuck) in the snow.
::2012/11/27::
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50
Song-- "Who we are!" (Deafs of American Sign Language)
Song-- "Who we are!" (Deafs of American Sign Language)
::2013/09/28::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Svalbard has a population of approximately 2,395 people as of 2011. Approximately 70% of the people are Norwegian; the remaining 30% are Russian and Ukrainian. The official language of Svalbard is Norwegian. Russian is used in the Russian settlements, but formerly, Russenorsk was the lingua franca of the entire Barents Sea region.

The annual population growth is -0.02%, but as may be seen from the following chart, the ex-Soviet population has atrophied, while the Norwegians have been increasing.

Population of Svalbard[1]
Year Total Norwegian Russian/Soviet Polish
1990 3,544 1,125 2,407 12
1995 2,906 1,218 1,679 9
2000 2,376 1,475 893 8
2005 2,400 1,645 747 8


Norwegian[edit]

Norwegian is the official, and main language, of the archipelago. The weekly Svalbardposten is published in it.

Mainly Norwegian speaking settlements include Longyearbyen, the capital, Ny-Ålesund and Sveagruva

Polish[edit]

There is a Polish Polar Station at Hornsund.

Russian[edit]

An example of the use of Russian on a monument at Barentsburg

Mainly Russian-speaking settlements include Barentsburg

Some Russian is spoken in Svalbard's capital Longyearbyen, and appears in some signage.

Abandoned communities which spoke Russian include Grumant until 1961, Pyramiden until 2000.

Chinese[edit]

The Arctic Yellow River Station was established in 2003, by the People's Republic of China.[2][3][4]

Dutch[edit]

Smeerenburg was Dutch speaking until about 1660. The name itself is Dutch for "blubber town". There was also a Dutch whaling station on Ytre Norskøya and several other locations in Svalbard as well.

The Netherlands still retains a research station at Ny-Ålesund.

Danish[edit]

The Danes were also present at Smeerenburg from 1619–23, 1625 and 1631. They also built a seasonal settlement in Kobbefjorden, which they occupied for a quarter century (1631–58).

English[edit]

English was spoken from the many whaling settlements established in Svalbard from 1611 to 1670.

French[edit]

French was spoken at the whaling settlement in Hamburgbukta, which was occupied from 1633 to 1638. France now maintains a research station at Ny-Ålesund.

Other languages[edit]

At present, Germany, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, Japan and South Korea all maintain research stations at Ny-Ålesund, although not all are inhabited year-round.

Former and extinct languages[edit]

Russenorsk[edit]

The history of Russenorsk or Russonorsk (Norwegian for "Russo-Norwegian") is mainly limited to 18th and 19th centuries. The Russian Revolution of 1917 brought about an end to its use; it is reported that the last Norwegian–Russian trade occurred in 1923, marking the last use of Russenorsk.

It was a pidgin language combining elements of Russian and Norwegian, created by traders and whalers from northern Norway and the Russian Kola peninsula. Another name for the language was Moja på tvoja that parodied a perverted Russian phrase, meaning something like "I can speak in your language" (from the Russian words моя (moya) "my", по (po) here used to mean "in" твоя (tvoya) "your")

Swedish[edit]

Swedish and Norwegian are mutually comprehensible to a considerable degree.

Pyramiden, which later became Soviet, was founded by a Swedish company in 1910.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Web publication of Statistics Norway, the official body for such data in Norway. Units provided are metric only; no unit conversions provided here.
  2. ^ "Arctic Yellow River Station". Polar Research Institute of China. 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-29. 
  3. ^ http://www.pric.gov.cn/enindex.asp?sortid=1 "Polar Research Institute of China: A brief introduction". Polar Research Institute of China. 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-29. 
  4. ^ "Polar Upper Atmosphere Physics". Polar Research Institute of China. 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-29. 
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