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Pyramiden - Svalbard September 2016
Pyramiden - Svalbard September 2016
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: Andreas Øverland
Flying High Over Svalbard, Pyramiden & Longyearbyen
Flying High Over Svalbard, Pyramiden & Longyearbyen
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Svalbard Seed Vault: Built to save humanity from an apocalypse
Svalbard Seed Vault: Built to save humanity from an apocalypse
Published: 2017/03/17
Channel: euronews (in English)
The 400,000,000-Year Link Between Scotland and Canada
The 400,000,000-Year Link Between Scotland and Canada
Published: 2015/03/23
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Published: 2014/08/25
Channel: list25
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Art in the Nature of Norway - Lofoten Islands!
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: Lena Tramper
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Published: 2017/08/23
Channel: list25
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Why is Canada Not as Perfect as It Looks? - VisualPolitik EN
Published: 2017/08/31
Channel: VisualPolitik EN
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Travel Vocabulary | Russian Language
Published: 2017/09/06
Channel: Be Fluent In Russian
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What Counts as a Word?
Published: 2015/06/18
Channel: Tom Scott
The cold war in the Arctic
The cold war in the Arctic
Published: 2015/04/21
Channel: euronews (in English)
Los países nórdicos y Escandinavia
Los países nórdicos y Escandinavia
Published: 2016/07/31
Channel: Explora tu Mundo
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Svalbard adalarının hüququ statusu, iqtisadiyyatı, bu günü
Published: 2015/12/01
Channel: AUL Channel Azerbaijan University of Languages
Jodulu Wanderlust 2016: Norway/Svalbard
Jodulu Wanderlust 2016: Norway/Svalbard
Published: 2016/05/21
Channel: Jody Liu
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Top 5 Archipelagos With The Largest Number Of Islands
Published: 2017/09/17
Channel: Happy Traveler
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Containing the Worst Nuclear Disaster in History: Chernobyl's New Confinement Structure
Published: 2015/07/27
Channel: Tom Scott
Hokkaido and Remoteness in the Japanese Context (Longyearbyen, Svalbard)
Hokkaido and Remoteness in the Japanese Context (Longyearbyen, Svalbard)
Published: 2017/01/24
Channel: English Lecture
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Speaking Norwegian of the Immigrants/When did you come from Norway ? Leslie Rud
Published: 2015/05/28
Channel: Keith Gilbertson
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Norway #1 - General information about Norway
Published: 2017/05/27
Channel: Europe L&W
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Language Learning: First Impressions
Published: 2012/01/10
Channel: NickMcIntoshLive
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Published: 2014/07/21
Channel: Tom Scott
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Avalanche in remote part of Norway kills one and injures nine
Published: 2015/12/20
Channel: euronews (in English)
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Published: 2017/04/05
Channel: 10B&W
WITNESSING Rocks! in 2 Languages @ WORLD VISION DAY, Jan. 2015 (NYC)
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Published: 2015/01/04
Channel: HarvestArmy
BRAZIL Explodes in 5 Languages on WORLD VISION DAY April 2, 2016 (Extension to April 10)
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Published: 2016/04/06
Channel: HarvestArmy
AMAZING FACTS ABOUT NORWAY IN HINDI || 76 दिन तक रात नही होती || जेल है होटेल जैसा || AMAZING NORWAY
AMAZING FACTS ABOUT NORWAY IN HINDI || 76 दिन तक रात नही होती || जेल है होटेल जैसा || AMAZING NORWAY
Published: 2017/09/11
Channel: Rare Fact
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Published: 2015/01/05
Channel: Veritasium
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Published: 2017/07/19
Channel: Thamatho - Languages and Travels
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Published: 2017/07/02
Channel: Tomáš Suchý
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Published: 2015/07/29
Channel: Tom Scott
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Published: 2010/03/09
Channel: Lin K.
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Published: 2014/05/13
Channel: L'Office du Jèrriais
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Published: 2015/12/30
Channel: euronews (in English)
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Published: 2011/09/27
Channel: Полина Тимофеева
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Published: 2015/12/13
Channel: Audio Languages
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Published: 2014/01/08
Channel: Tom Scott
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Published: 2015/07/28
Channel: Tom Scott
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Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: United News International
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Published: 2009/08/31
Channel: TED
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Published: 2016/11/19
Channel: NewLondonerTV
Christopher Witmore Lecture
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Published: 2015/02/17
Channel: Brown University
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Published: 2016/07/07
Channel: Science Plus
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Published: 2013/10/18
Channel: Red Ice TV
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Published: 2016/01/17
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Published: 2017/08/02
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NAUCI NORVESKI JEZIK/Lekcija 98
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Published: 2017/03/17
Channel: euronews (in English)
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Published: 2017/03/15
Channel: AUL Channel Azerbaijan University of Languages
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Svalbard has a population of approximately 2,395 people as of 2011. Approximately 70% of the people are Norwegian; the remaining 30% are Russian and Ukrainian. The official language of Svalbard is Norwegian. Russian is used in the Russian settlements, but formerly, Russenorsk was the lingua franca of the entire Barents Sea region.

The annual population growth is -0.02%, but as may be seen from the following chart, the ex-Soviet population has atrophied, while the Norwegians have been increasing.

Population of Svalbard[1]
Year Total Norwegian Russian/Soviet Polish
1990 3,544 1,125 2,407 12
1995 2,906 1,218 1,679 9
2000 2,376 1,475 893 8
2005 2,400 1,645 747 8


Norwegian[edit]

Norwegian is the official, and main language, of the archipelago. The weekly Svalbardposten is published in it.

Mainly Norwegian speaking settlements include Longyearbyen, the capital, Ny-Ålesund and Sveagruva

Polish[edit]

There is a Polish Polar Station at Hornsund.

Russian[edit]

An example of the use of Russian on a monument at Barentsburg

Mainly Russian-speaking settlements include Barentsburg

Some Russian is spoken in Svalbard's capital Longyearbyen, and appears in some signage.

Abandoned communities which spoke Russian include Grumant until 1961, Pyramiden until 2000.

Chinese[edit]

The Arctic Yellow River Station was established in 2003, by the People's Republic of China.[2][3][4]

Dutch[edit]

Smeerenburg was Dutch speaking until about 1660. The name itself is Dutch for "blubber town". There was also a Dutch whaling station on Ytre Norskøya and several other locations in Svalbard as well.

The Netherlands still retains a research station at Ny-Ålesund.

Danish[edit]

The Danes were also present at Smeerenburg from 1619–23, 1625 and 1631. They also built a seasonal settlement in Kobbefjorden, which they occupied for a quarter century (1631–58).

English[edit]

English was spoken from the many whaling settlements established in Svalbard from 1611 to 1670.

French[edit]

French was spoken at the whaling settlement in Hamburgbukta, which was occupied from 1633 to 1638. France now maintains a research station at Ny-Ålesund.

Other languages[edit]

At present, Germany, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, Japan and South Korea all maintain research stations at Ny-Ålesund, although not all are inhabited year-round.

Former and extinct languages[edit]

Russenorsk[edit]

The history of Russenorsk or Russonorsk (Norwegian for "Russo-Norwegian") is mainly limited to 18th and 19th centuries. The Russian Revolution of 1917 brought about an end to its use; it is reported that the last Norwegian–Russian trade occurred in 1923, marking the last use of Russenorsk.

It was a pidgin language combining elements of Russian and Norwegian, created by traders and whalers from northern Norway and the Russian Kola peninsula. Another name for the language was Moja på tvoja that parodied a perverted Russian phrase, meaning something like "I can speak in your language" (from the Russian words моя (moya) "my", по (po) here used to mean "in" твоя (tvoya) "your")

Swedish[edit]

Swedish and Norwegian are mutually comprehensible to a considerable degree.

Pyramiden, which later became Soviet, was founded by a Swedish company in 1910.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Web publication of Statistics Norway, the official body for such data in Norway. Units provided are metric only; no unit conversions provided here.
  2. ^ "Arctic Yellow River Station". Polar Research Institute of China. 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-29. 
  3. ^ http://www.pric.gov.cn/enindex.asp?sortid=1 "Polar Research Institute of China: A brief introduction". Polar Research Institute of China. 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-29. 
  4. ^ "Polar Upper Atmosphere Physics". Polar Research Institute of China. 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-29. 

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