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Southern Lau Group - Fiji Islands
Southern Lau Group - Fiji Islands
Published: 2013/09/26
Channel: FIJI
Polynesian documentary tonganfijian village island sawna i lau
Polynesian documentary tonganfijian village island sawna i lau
Published: 2017/05/30
Channel: Roko RATU Junior tui rewan nasinu prince
Tongan and Fijian history of polynesia fijiantongan king tui lau his kingdom
Tongan and Fijian history of polynesia fijiantongan king tui lau his kingdom
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: Roko RATU Junior tui rewan nasinu prince
LAU USA Fiji Day 2014
LAU USA Fiji Day 2014
Published: 2014/10/11
Channel: Dikiti Morrill
Lau Islands
Lau Islands
Published: 2016/05/28
Channel: VdudesV Amazing World
Vanuabalavu Lau
Vanuabalavu Lau
Published: 2011/12/23
Channel: J David
TRADITIONAL FISHING RITUAL (PART 3) - LAU ISLANDS, FIJI
TRADITIONAL FISHING RITUAL (PART 3) - LAU ISLANDS, FIJI
Published: 2015/07/28
Channel: Robert Wolfgramm
Sailing the world, we visit the island of Falaga, Lau Islands, Fiji
Sailing the world, we visit the island of Falaga, Lau Islands, Fiji
Published: 2015/06/11
Channel: Catamaran Impi
Lau Islands
Lau Islands
Published: 2016/08/13
Channel: WikiWikiup
Lau Islands
Lau Islands
Published: 2016/05/20
Channel: Century Old
NAMUKA ISLAND, LAU GRP, FIJI
NAMUKA ISLAND, LAU GRP, FIJI
Published: 2015/06/01
Channel: Catamaran Impi
Polynesian origin of tokelau people  history of crafting documentary from fiji lau
Polynesian origin of tokelau people history of crafting documentary from fiji lau
Published: 2017/05/27
Channel: Roko RATU Junior tui rewan nasinu prince
Maulu
Maulu'ulu mai Ono-I-Lau 1997
Published: 2014/09/29
Channel: Panipasa Salawai Kotoituvana
Inshore Fishing in Lau; An Ethnographic Documentary Film
Inshore Fishing in Lau; An Ethnographic Documentary Film
Published: 2013/08/28
Channel: StoneBoneAndFire
Sailing VANUA BALAVU, Lau Group, a visit with the chief of Daliconi Village, Fiji - Lagoon 440
Sailing VANUA BALAVU, Lau Group, a visit with the chief of Daliconi Village, Fiji - Lagoon 440
Published: 2015/05/14
Channel: Catamaran Impi
Northern Lau islands : December 2017
Northern Lau islands : December 2017
Published: 2017/12/10
Channel: Ron Vave
Captain Cook Cruises Fiji - 11-night Lau & Kadavu Cruise
Captain Cook Cruises Fiji - 11-night Lau & Kadavu Cruise
Published: 2017/03/02
Channel: CCCFiji
Fijian Song about Tubou, Lakeba, Lau
Fijian Song about Tubou, Lakeba, Lau
Published: 2009/07/18
Channel: kturagabeci
Fiji
Fiji's stunning Bay of Islands, Lau Group | Travel Boating Lifestyle
Published: 2017/10/11
Channel: Travel Boating Lifestyle
Fiji The Island Paradise, Lakeba 1990
Fiji The Island Paradise, Lakeba 1990
Published: 2014/03/30
Channel: timoasko
Lau Group (Lau Islands) Fiji Islands | Wonderful Southern Lau Group - Fiji Islands
Lau Group (Lau Islands) Fiji Islands | Wonderful Southern Lau Group - Fiji Islands
Published: 2016/06/17
Channel: Anny Chang
Surfing Fiji Islands, Lau
Surfing Fiji Islands, Lau
Published: 2012/08/30
Channel: Waywardwind Fiji
Rising to the challenges of the Lau Group
Rising to the challenges of the Lau Group
Published: 2014/05/12
Channel: FijianGovernment
SAILING VANUA BALAVU, Ship Sound, Lau Group, Fiji
SAILING VANUA BALAVU, Ship Sound, Lau Group, Fiji
Published: 2015/05/31
Channel: Catamaran Impi
Lau Pirates - Promise Land
Lau Pirates - Promise Land
Published: 2012/08/19
Channel: James Cunningham
Video Postcard - Fiji
Video Postcard - Fiji's Vanua Balavu in the Lau Islands
Published: 2017/02/08
Channel: DivePlanIt
White beach tageai 1 [ Solomon Island video clip ( lau lagoon)]
White beach tageai 1 [ Solomon Island video clip ( lau lagoon)]
Published: 2016/04/05
Channel: Peter Lui
NAMUKA-I-LAU DAY SOLI-2014@VEISARI,SUVA.
NAMUKA-I-LAU DAY SOLI-2014@VEISARI,SUVA.
Published: 2014/08/04
Channel: ALIATA SIGA
The Lau Seascape | Conservation International (CI)
The Lau Seascape | Conservation International (CI)
Published: 2017/06/08
Channel: Conservation International
PCE Depart for Lau Islands
PCE Depart for Lau Islands
Published: 2016/09/19
Channel: Karl Mallon
Fiji 2017, Vanua Balavu, Lau islands
Fiji 2017, Vanua Balavu, Lau islands
Published: 2017/07/22
Channel: darina chernaya
Video Postcard - Fiji
Video Postcard - Fiji's Totoya in the Lau Islands
Published: 2017/02/08
Channel: DivePlanIt
Video Postcard - Fiji
Video Postcard - Fiji's Oneata in the Lau Islands
Published: 2017/02/08
Channel: DivePlanIt
Video Postcard - Fiji
Video Postcard - Fiji's Kabara Bommies in the Lau Islands
Published: 2017/02/08
Channel: DivePlanIt
Sawa I Lau Caves, Yasawa Islands, Fiji
Sawa I Lau Caves, Yasawa Islands, Fiji
Published: 2016/01/26
Channel: Liza Crosse
Video Postcard - Fiji
Video Postcard - Fiji's Fulaga in the Lau Islands
Published: 2017/02/08
Channel: DivePlanIt
Video Postcard - Fiji
Video Postcard - Fiji's Vuaqava in the Lau Islands
Published: 2017/02/08
Channel: DivePlanIt
Qusiniloaloa-Traditional visit of the Turaga Roko Sau to his island
Qusiniloaloa-Traditional visit of the Turaga Roko Sau to his island
Published: 2015/07/30
Channel: Ministry of iTaukei Affairs
Rising to the Challenges of the Lau Group Part 2
Rising to the Challenges of the Lau Group Part 2
Published: 2014/06/09
Channel: FijianGovernment
New Species Found in Fiji | Conservation International (CI)
New Species Found in Fiji | Conservation International (CI)
Published: 2017/06/27
Channel: Conservation International
Sending food to Vulaga (outer Island in Fiji
Sending food to Vulaga (outer Island in Fiji's Northern Lau group)
Published: 2009/07/25
Channel: DrVernon Cox
Yanu Yanu island near Lomolomo village Lau Group
Yanu Yanu island near Lomolomo village Lau Group
Published: 2015/07/02
Channel: Wayne Hodgins
Lau Group
Lau Group
Published: 2014/04/10
Channel: Roger Block
Lakalaka Teu tu lau moe
Lakalaka Teu tu lau moe
Published: 2015/11/24
Channel: M Lee
Living Out Lau
Living Out Lau'd
Published: 2015/08/10
Channel: Mike Rybas
Kanacea Island/ Fiji
Kanacea Island/ Fiji
Published: 2016/02/11
Channel: Vladi Private Islands
Sea Mercy Visit to Oneata, Fiji
Sea Mercy Visit to Oneata, Fiji
Published: 2015/08/28
Channel: Sea Mercy
Sawa-i-Lau Caves And Kava At Navutu Stars Yasawa Islands Resort Fiji
Sawa-i-Lau Caves And Kava At Navutu Stars Yasawa Islands Resort Fiji
Published: 2017/06/08
Channel: GivesAMinute
Lau Dancing Girls.wmv
Lau Dancing Girls.wmv
Published: 2010/11/08
Channel: MEDIALINKPRO
Campaign to keep the Islands
Campaign to keep the Islands' traditional shell currency
Published: 2015/07/30
Channel: AP Archive
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Lau Islands is located in Pacific Ocean
Lau Islands
Lau Islands
Location of the Lau Islands in the Pacific Ocean

The Lau Islands (also called the Lau Group, the Eastern Group, the Eastern Archipelago) of Fiji are situated in the southern Pacific Ocean, just east of the Koro Sea. Of this chain of about sixty islands and islets, about thirty are inhabited. The Lau Group covers a land area of 188 square miles (487 square km), and had a population of 10,683 at the most recent census in 2007. While most of the northern Lau Group are high islands of volcanic origin, those of the south are mostly carbonate low islands.

Administratively the islands belong to Lau Province.

History[edit]

The Lau Islands

The British explorer James Cook reached Vatoa in 1774. By the time of the discovery of the Ono Group in 1820, the Lau archipelago was the most mapped area of Fiji.

Political unity came late to the Lau Islands. Historically, they comprised three territories: the Northern Lau Islands, the Southern Lau Islands, and the Moala Islands. Around 1855, the renegade Tongan prince Enele Ma'afu conquered the region and established a unified administration. Calling himself the Tui Lau, or King of Lau, he promulgated a constitution and encouraged the establishment of Christian missions. The first missionaries had arrived at Lakeba in 1830, but had been expelled. The Tui Nayau, who had been the nominal overlord of the Lau Islands, became subject to Ma'afu.

The Tui Nayau and Tui Lau titles came into personal union in 1969, when Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara, who had already been installed as Tui Lau in 1963 by the Yavusa Tonga, was also installed as Tui Nayau following the death of his father Ratu Tevita Uluilakeba III in 1966. The title Tui Lau was left vacant from his uncle, Ratu Sir Lala Sukuna, in 1958 as referenced in Mara, The Pacific Way Paper.

The Northern Lau Islands, which extended as far south as Tuvuca, were under the overlordship of Taveuni and paid tribute to the Tui Cakau (Paramount Chief of Cakaudrove). In 1855, however, Ma'afu gained sovereignty over Northern Lau, establishing Lomaloma, on Vanua Balavu, as his capital.

The Southern Lau Islands extended from Ono-i-Lau, in the far south, to as far north as Cicia. They were the traditional chiefdom of the Tui Nayau, but with Ma'afu's conquest in the 1850s, he became subject to Tongan supremacy.

The Moala Islands had closer affiliation with Bau Island and Lomaiviti than with Lau, but Ma'afu's conquest united them with the Lau Islands. They have remained administratively a part of the Lau Province ever since.

Culture and economy[edit]

Since they lie between Melanesian Fiji and Polynesian Tonga, the Lau Islands are a meeting point of the two cultural spheres. Lauan villages remain very traditional, and the islands' inhabitants are renowned for their wood carving and masi paintings. Lakeba especially was a traditional meeting place between Tongans and Fijians. The south-east trade winds allowed sailors to travel from Tonga to Fiji, but much harder to return. The Lau Island culture became more Fijian rather than Polynesian beginning around 500 BC.[1] However, Tongan influence can still be found in names, language, food, and architecture. Unlike the square-shaped ends characterizing most houses elsewhere in Fiji, Lauan houses tend to be rounded, following the Tongan practice.

In early July 2014, Tonga's Lands Minister, Lord Maʻafu Tukuiʻaulahi, revealed a proposal for Tonga to give the disputed Minerva Reefs to Fiji in exchange for the Lau Group.[2] At the time that news of the proposal first broke, it had not yet been discussed with the Lau Provincial Council.[3] Many Lauans have Tongan ancestors and some Tongans have Lauan ancestors; Tonga's Lands Minister is named after Enele Ma'afu, the Tongan Prince who originally claimed parts of Lau for Tonga.[4] Historically, the Minerva Reefs have been part of the fishing grounds belonging to the people of Ono-i-Lau, an island in the Lau Group.[5]

Just off the island of Vanua Balavu at Lomaloma was the Yanuyanu Island Resort, built to encourage tourism in what has been a less accessible area of Fiji, but the small resort failed almost immediately and has been abandoned since the year 2000. An airstrip is located off Malaka village and a port is also located on Vanua Balavu, at Lomaloma. There are guest houses on Vanua Balavu and on Lakeba, the other principal island.

The Lau Islands are the centre of the game of Cricket in Fiji. Cricket is the most popular team sport in Lau, unlike the rest of the country where Rugby and Association Football are preferred. The national team is invariably dominated by Lauan players.

Notable Lauans[edit]

The Lau Islands' most famous son is the late Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara (1920-2004), the Tui Lau, Tui Nayau, Sau ni Vanua (hereditary Paramount Chief of the Lau Islands) and the founding father of modern Fiji who was Prime Minister for most of the period between 1967 and 1992, and President from 1993 to 2000. Other noted Lauans include Ratu Sir Lala Sukuna (1898-1958), who forged embryonic constitutional institutions for Fiji in the years that preceded independence. Other notable Lauans include:

Given its small population, the Lau Islands' contribution to the leadership of Fiji has been disproportionately large.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Islands of History - Page 75, by Marshall David Sahlins - 1987 - 200 pages
  • 20th Century Fiji, edited by Stewart Firth & Daryl Tarte - 2001 - ISBN 982-01-0421-1
  • Fiji. - Page 237, by Korina Miller, Robyn Jones, Leonardo Pinheiro – 2003, Published by Lonely Planet

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rotuma: Language and History, 1999.
  2. ^ Gopal, Avinesh (3 July 2014). "'Give up Lau'". Fiji Times. Retrieved 3 July 2014. 
  3. ^ Gopal, Avinesh (4 July 2014). "Lau 'in the dark'". Fiji Times. Retrieved 3 July 2014. 
  4. ^ Staff (3 July 2014). "Lord Ma'afu wants Lau for Minerva Reef". Nuku’alofa: Tonga Daily News. Retrieved 3 July 2014. 
  5. ^ "Tonga et Fidji se disputent le Récif de la Minerve", ABC Radio Australia (in French), 9 February 2011 (Archived from the original on 7 July 2011.)

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 17°50′S 178°40′E / 17.833°S 178.667°E / -17.833; 178.667

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