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A few minutes with Amber-Lee Lawrie
A few minutes with Amber-Lee Lawrie
Published: 2016/08/07
Channel: Grace Stratton
Lee Lawrie
Lee Lawrie's Sculpture at Rockefeller Center, circa 1936
Published: 2012/06/23
Channel: Gregory Paul Harm. M.A.
Lee Lawrie
Lee Lawrie's Prairie Deco: History in Stone at the Nebraska State Capitol
Published: 2009/08/03
Channel: Gregory Paul Harm. M.A.
Lee Lawrie Screen (10:14:11).mp4
Lee Lawrie Screen (10:14:11).mp4
Published: 2012/05/24
Channel: J Cagle
Lee Lawrie
Lee Lawrie's World War One Memorial Flagstaff, Pasadena, California
Published: 2012/01/01
Channel: Gregory Paul Harm. M.A.
Lee Lawrie
Lee Lawrie's Sculpture at the Louisiana State Capitol
Published: 2014/08/26
Channel: Gregory Paul Harm. M.A.
Lee Lawrie
Lee Lawrie
Published: 2015/12/28
Channel: WikiAudio
Lee Lawrie
Lee Lawrie's Bison on the Nebraska State Capitol
Published: 2015/03/04
Channel: Gregory Paul Harm. M.A.
Jumpy Rotation of the Sower, by Lee Lawrie
Jumpy Rotation of the Sower, by Lee Lawrie
Published: 2010/02/19
Channel: Gregory Paul Harm. M.A.
The Lee Restarick Band   Lakeside 2017. Celebration of The Shadows
The Lee Restarick Band Lakeside 2017. Celebration of The Shadows
Published: 2017/10/06
Channel: random275
Paul Lawrie Golf Centre Challenge 2017.
Paul Lawrie Golf Centre Challenge 2017.
Published: 2017/08/07
Channel: paullawriefoundation
OBM - Sculptor - Lee Lawrie (1877-1963)
OBM - Sculptor - Lee Lawrie (1877-1963)
Published: 2016/11/14
Channel: Our Best Moments
The X Factor UK 2016 Week 1 Auditions Ryan Lawrie Full Clip S13E01
The X Factor UK 2016 Week 1 Auditions Ryan Lawrie Full Clip S13E01
Published: 2016/08/30
Channel: Anthony Ying
Paul Lawrie give Boogie a Golf Lesson!
Paul Lawrie give Boogie a Golf Lesson!
Published: 2016/08/12
Channel: Forth 1
Rickie Fowler,Phil Mickleson,Dustin Johnson,Matt Kuchar P Lawrie hitting drives on 11, Augusta 2013
Rickie Fowler,Phil Mickleson,Dustin Johnson,Matt Kuchar P Lawrie hitting drives on 11, Augusta 2013
Published: 2014/04/16
Channel: DANA STARBUCK
Wisdom Tattoo
Wisdom Tattoo
Published: 2016/06/05
Channel: TimeLapse Bandits
The X Factor UK 2016 Week 1 Auditions Eddie Lee Full Clip S13E02
The X Factor UK 2016 Week 1 Auditions Eddie Lee Full Clip S13E02
Published: 2016/08/30
Channel: Anthony Ying
Paul Lawrie What
Paul Lawrie What's in my Bag
Published: 2012/09/01
Channel: paullawriefoundation
LOS ANGELES PUBLIC LIBRARY AND THE OCCULT
LOS ANGELES PUBLIC LIBRARY AND THE OCCULT
Published: 2017/07/08
Channel: BeardAroundTheWorld
Lee Kernagan Missin
Lee Kernagan Missin' Slim live
Published: 2013/09/18
Channel: Lawrie & Shelley Minson
A Surprise Gift from Chris Lawrie...
A Surprise Gift from Chris Lawrie...
Published: 2009/12/11
Channel: Gregory Paul Harm. M.A.
Prairie Deco: The Short Film
Prairie Deco: The Short Film
Published: 2009/12/22
Channel: Gregory Paul Harm. M.A.
The NAS Project: Engineering
The NAS Project: Engineering
Published: 2013/02/27
Channel: CPNAS
Niko Lawrie - IDK Her Name (Prod. Sdotfire) (Official Video)
Niko Lawrie - IDK Her Name (Prod. Sdotfire) (Official Video)
Published: 2017/02/09
Channel: Niko Lawrie
1st year MMP Assignment 2016
1st year MMP Assignment 2016
Published: 2016/11/05
Channel: Mmathabo Johanna Bopape
Boystown 8 10 13
Boystown 8 10 13
Published: 2013/08/10
Channel: Gregory Paul Harm. M.A.
Discover The Wonders of Rockefeller Center Part II
Discover The Wonders of Rockefeller Center Part II
Published: 2013/07/28
Channel: Jonathan L. Lane
Simon can’t help falling in love with Eddie Lee | Auditions Week 1 | The X Factor UK 2016
Simon can’t help falling in love with Eddie Lee | Auditions Week 1 | The X Factor UK 2016
Published: 2016/08/28
Channel: The X Factor UK
The NAS Project: Nature
The NAS Project: Nature
Published: 2013/02/27
Channel: CPNAS
THE BE-FORE SHOW - Quicken Loans National + Women
THE BE-FORE SHOW - Quicken Loans National + Women's British Open + Paul Lawrie Match Play
Published: 2015/07/29
Channel: Peter Finch Golf
Ryan Lawrie rocks out with an Elvis song | Live Show 7 Full Performance | The X Factor UK 2016
Ryan Lawrie rocks out with an Elvis song | Live Show 7 Full Performance | The X Factor UK 2016
Published: 2016/11/20
Channel: MusicTalentNow
The NAS Project: Medicine
The NAS Project: Medicine
Published: 2013/02/27
Channel: CPNAS
The X Factor Backstage with TalkTalk | Ft. Samantha Lavery, Ryan Lawrie and Richard Chen
The X Factor Backstage with TalkTalk | Ft. Samantha Lavery, Ryan Lawrie and Richard Chen
Published: 2016/08/27
Channel: The X Factor UK
all golds haka at Leeds Train station
all golds haka at Leeds Train station
Published: 2007/11/12
Channel: Lawrie Lee
Lee Austin Hoffman and Johnny Lawrie kick it on the beach
Lee Austin Hoffman and Johnny Lawrie kick it on the beach
Published: 2012/06/29
Channel: ELEGANT TRASH
WHAT
WHAT'S IN THE BOX CHALLENGE
Published: 2016/06/09
Channel: Conor Maynard
Emily Middlemas and Ryan Lawrie at the Daily Record Our Heroes Awards
Emily Middlemas and Ryan Lawrie at the Daily Record Our Heroes Awards
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: Media Scotland Events
Lawrie crushes a grand slam to left field
Lawrie crushes a grand slam to left field
Published: 2014/04/17
Channel: MLB
02.03.2012 New York VII. USA.  Rockefeller Center.  Video.
02.03.2012 New York VII. USA. Rockefeller Center. Video.
Published: 2013/03/18
Channel: Irmtraud Reck
Lawrie Bloom On How To Play Bass Clarinet Part 2
Lawrie Bloom On How To Play Bass Clarinet Part 2
Published: 2009/02/11
Channel: D'Addario Woodwinds
Sunday at Stockport
Sunday at Stockport
Published: 2012/04/20
Channel: Aaron Turner
Golf On Tour: The Pre-Shot Routine the Pro
Golf On Tour: The Pre-Shot Routine the Pro's Use
Published: 2010/12/14
Channel: golfconfidencepro
Shots of the Week - Saltire Energy Paul Lawrie Match Play
Shots of the Week - Saltire Energy Paul Lawrie Match Play
Published: 2015/08/02
Channel: European Tour
Synth Sircus @ Perelman Building (Philly Art Museum)
Synth Sircus @ Perelman Building (Philly Art Museum)
Published: 2011/10/06
Channel: TheSynthSircus
Paul Lawrie Match Play (T2) : La réaction de Julien Quesne
Paul Lawrie Match Play (T2) : La réaction de Julien Quesne
Published: 2015/07/31
Channel: Fédération française de golf
Hugh Laurie - Unchain My Heart (from Ocean Way Studios)
Hugh Laurie - Unchain My Heart (from Ocean Way Studios)
Published: 2013/02/15
Channel: Hugh Laurie
Lawrie Bloom On How To Play Bass Clarinet Part 1
Lawrie Bloom On How To Play Bass Clarinet Part 1
Published: 2009/02/11
Channel: D'Addario Woodwinds
Paul Lawrie golf swing (face-on) Short Iron, BMW PGA Wentworth, May 2017.
Paul Lawrie golf swing (face-on) Short Iron, BMW PGA Wentworth, May 2017.
Published: 2017/05/27
Channel: Michael John Field
Did you know ...? # PART 1213
Did you know ...? # PART 1213
Published: 2017/05/11
Channel: Did you know...
Paul Lawrie Masters 2012
Paul Lawrie Masters 2012
Published: 2012/04/17
Channel: paullawriefoundation
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Lee Oscar Lawrie
Lee Lawrie.jpg
Born (1877-10-16)October 16, 1877
Rixdorf, Germany
Died January 23, 1963(1963-01-23) (aged 85)
Easton, Maryland
Nationality German-American
Alma mater Yale University
Known for Sculptor
Notable work Atlas in collaboration with Rene Paul Chambellan
Style Gothic, Beaux-Arts, Classicism, Art Deco

Lee Oscar Lawrie (October 16, 1877 – January 23, 1963[1]) was one of the United States' foremost architectural sculptors and a key figure in the American art scene preceding World War II. Over his long career of more than 300 commissions Lawrie's style evolved through Modern Gothic, to Beaux-Arts, Classicism, and, finally, into Moderne or Art Deco.

He created a frieze on the Nebraska State Capitol building in Lincoln, Nebraska, including a portrayal of the announcement of the Emancipation Proclamation. He also created some of the architectural sculpture and his most prominent work, the free-standing bronze Atlas (installed 1937) at New York City's Rockefeller Center.[2]

Lawrie's work is associated with some of the United States' most noted buildings of the first half of the twentieth century. His stylistic approach evolved with building styles that ranged from Beaux-Arts to neo-Gothic to Art Deco. Many of his architectural sculptures were completed for buildings by Bertram Goodhue of Cram & Goodhue, including the chapel at West Point; the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, D.C.; the Nebraska State Capitol; the Los Angeles Public Library; St. Bartholomew's Episcopal Church in New York; and Rockefeller Chapel at the University of Chicago. He completed numerous pieces in Washington, D.C., including the bronze doors of the John Adams Building of the Library of Congress, the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception south entrance portal, and the interior sculpture of George Washington at the National Cathedral.[3]

Early work[edit]

Reredos of Saint Thomas Church, at Fifth Avenue and 53rd Street in New York City

Lee Lawrie was born in Rixdorf, Germany, in 1877 and immigrated to the United States in 1882 as a young child with his family; they settled in Chicago. It was there, at the age of 14, that he began working for the sculptor Richard Henry Park.

At the age of 15, in 1892 Lawrie worked as an assistant to many of the sculptors in Chicago, for their part in constructing the "White City" for the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893. Following the completion of that work, Lawrie went East, where he became an assistant to William Ordway Partridge. During the next decade, he worked with other established sculptors: Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Philip Martiny, Alexander Phimister Proctor, John William Kitson and others. His work at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, St Louis, 1904, under Karl Bitter, the foremost architectural sculptor of the time, allowed Lawrie to develop both his skills and his reputation as an architectural sculptor.

Lawrie received a bachelor's degree in fine arts from Yale University in 1910. He was an instructor in Yale's School of Fine Arts from 1908 to 1919 and taught in the architecture program at Harvard University from 1910 to 1912.[4]

Collaborations with Cram and Goodhue[edit]

Lawrie's collaborations with Ralph Adams Cram and Bertram Goodhue brought him to the forefront of architectural sculptors in the United States. After the breakup of the Cram, Goodhue firm in 1914, Lawrie continued to work with Goodhue until the architect died in 1924. He next worked with Goodhue’s successors.

Lawrie sculpted numerous bas reliefs for El Fureidis,[5] an estate in Montecito, California designed by Goodhue. The bas reliefs depict the Arthurian Legends and remain intact at the estate today.

The Nebraska State Capitol and the Los Angeles Public Library both feature extensive sculptural programs integrated with the surface, massing, spatial grammar, and social function of the building. Lawrie's collaborations with Goodhue are arguably the most highly developed example of architectural sculpture in American architectural history.

Lawrie served as a consultant to the 1933-34 Century of Progress International Exposition in Chicago. He was a member of the National Institute of Arts and Letters, the American Academy of Arts and Letters, the National Academy of Design, and the Architectural League of New York. Among his many awards was the AIA Gold Medal of the American Institute of Architects in 1921 and 1927, a medal of honor from the Architectural League of New York in 1931, and an honorary degree from Yale University. He served on the U.S. Commission of Fine Arts in Washington, DC from 1933 to 1937 and again from 1945 to 1950; it oversees federal public works and artwork in the city.[6]

Commissions related to Goodhue[edit]

Lawrie's work at Rockefeller Chapel, University of Chicago, circa 1929

Commissions after Goodhue's death[edit]

Rockefeller Center[edit]

Wisdom, 30 Rockefeller Plaza

After Goodhue's death, Lawrie produced important and highly visible work under Raymond Hood at Rockefeller Center in New York City, which included the Atlas in collaboration with Rene Paul Chambellan. By November 1931 Hood said, "There has been entirely too much talk about the collaboration of architect, painter and sculptor." He relegated Lawrie to the role of a decorator.[7]

Lawrie's most noted work is not architectural: it is the freestanding statue of Atlas, on Fifth Avenue at Rockefeller Center, standing a total 45 feet tall, with a 15-foot human figure supporting an armillary sphere.[8] At its unveiling, some critics were reminded of Benito Mussolini, while James Montgomery Flagg suggested that it looked as Mussolini thought he looked.[9] The international character of Streamline Moderne, embraced by Fascism as well as corporate democracy, lost favor during the Second World War.

Featured above the entrance to 30 Rockefeller Plaza and axially behind the golden Prometheus, Lawrie's Wisdom is one of the most visible works of art in the complex. An Art Deco piece, it echoes the statements of power shown in Atlas and Paul Manship's Prometheus.

Other commissions[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

His Atlas was featured on the cover of The New Yorker magazine for December 20 and 27, 2010.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Lee Lawrie, 85, Is Dead;Sculptor of Statue of Atlas" The New York Times, January 25, 1963
  2. ^ UPI, "Atlas statue to get makeover in New York"[permanent dead link], NewsTrack, 4 May 2005
  3. ^ Civic Art: A Centennial History of the U.S. Commission of Fine Arts (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Commission of Fine Arts, 2013
  4. ^ Civic Art: A Centennial History of the U.S. Commission of Fine Arts
  5. ^ http://www.montecitoparadise.com
  6. ^ Thomas E. Luebke, ed., Civic Art: A Centennial History of the U.S. Commission of Fine Arts (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Commission of Fine Arts, 2013): Appendix b, p. 548.
  7. ^ "'Wisdom with Sound and Light' by Lee Lawrie". Museum Planet. Retrieved 2008-11-25. 
  8. ^ Dianne L. Durante, Outdoor Monuments of Manhattan: A Historical Guide 2007:139ff.
  9. ^ Durante 2007:141 offers this and some further negative quotes from artists and critics in New York during the forties.
  10. ^ visited and photographed, September 2012
  11. ^ Lawrie, Lee, Lee Lawrie: Sculpture, J.H. Jansen, Cleveland, Ohio, 1936, Plate 6

References[edit]

  • Bok, Edward W., America's Taj Mahal: The Singing Tower of Florida, The Georgia Marble Company, Tate, Georgia c. 1929.
  • Brown, Elinor L., Architectural Wonder of the World, State of Nebraska, Building Division, Lincoln, Nebraska 1978.
  • Fowler, Charles F., Building a Landmark: The Capitol of Nebraska, Nebraska State Building Division, 1981.
  • Garvey, Timothy Joseph, Lee Lawrie: Classicism and American Culture, 1919 - 1954, PhD. Thesis University of Minnesota 1980.
  • Gebhard, David, The National Trust Guide to Art Deco in America, John Wiley & Sons, New York, New York 1996.
  • Kvaran & Lockley, Guide to Architectural Sculpture of America, unpublished manuscript.
  • Lawrie; Lee, Sculpture - 48 Plates With a Forward by the Sculptor, J.H. Hanson Cleveland, Ohio 1936.
  • Luebke, Frederick C. Editor, A Harmony of the Arts: The Nebraska State Capitol, University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, Nebraska 1990.
  • Masters, Magaret Dale, Hartley Burr Alexander—Writer-In-Stone, Margaret Dale Masters 1992 .
  • Nelson, Paul D., Courthouse Sculptor: Lee Lawrie, Ramsey County History Quarterly V43 #4, *Ramsey County Historical Society, St Paul, MN, 2009.
  • Oliver, Richard, Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue, The Architectural History Foundation, New York & The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts 1985.
  • Whitaker, Charles Harris,Editor, Text by Lee Lawrie et al. Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue, Architect-and Master of Many Arts, Press of the American Institute of Architects, Inc., NYC 1925.
  • Whitaker, Charles Harris and Hartley Burr Alexander, The Architectural Sculpture of the State Capitol at Lincoln Nebraska, Press of the American Institute of Architects, New York 1926.

External links[edit]

  • Bisonwerks - Website of Gregory Paul Harm, Preeminent researcher on the history and works of Lawrie
  • LeeLawrie.com - Additional Website of Gregory Paul Harm. Features additional Lawrie works recently added by Harm to the Smithsonian Institution's Art Inventory Catalog.
  • Lee Lawrie - Stalking Lawrie: America's Machine Age Michelangelo.
  • Lee Lawrie page on philart.net - pictures of artistic details on the Perelman building
  • [1] - Lee Lawrie's Prairie Deco: History in Stone at the Nebraska State Capitol, new book on Lee Lawrie's work on the Nebraska State Capitol, which was Lawrie's largest commission of his 70-year career. For sale through Blurb.com
  • [2] Article on Greg Harm's research and discoveries about Mr. Lawrie and his work on the Nebraska State Capitol.

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