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What is the Legislature?
What is the Legislature?
Published: 2016/05/09
Channel: Civics Academy SA
The Bicameral Congress: Crash Course Government and Politics #2
The Bicameral Congress: Crash Course Government and Politics #2
Published: 2015/01/30
Channel: CrashCourse
State Legislatures and ALEC: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO)
State Legislatures and ALEC: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO)
Published: 2014/11/03
Channel: LastWeekTonight
Legislature
Legislature
Published: 2016/12/05
Channel: Learn Online
Polity 3: Indian Legislature
Polity 3: Indian Legislature
Published: 2016/06/02
Channel: HitBullsEye
Legislature , Lok Sabha , rajya sabha (Hindi) , parliament
Legislature , Lok Sabha , rajya sabha (Hindi) , parliament
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: Ynot ssc
Class 11th Political Science Ch-5(Part-1)||legislature
Class 11th Political Science Ch-5(Part-1)||legislature
Published: 2017/10/02
Channel: Studyship with Krati
P18 : Parliament & State Legislature || SSC CGL, UPSC, MPPCS, JPSC, UPPCS, CAPF SI/ASI, BPSC ,etc
P18 : Parliament & State Legislature || SSC CGL, UPSC, MPPCS, JPSC, UPPCS, CAPF SI/ASI, BPSC ,etc
Published: 2017/03/01
Channel: SSCbaba
Ben Shapiro BLASTS CA State Legislature on Free Speech - FULL HEARING
Ben Shapiro BLASTS CA State Legislature on Free Speech - FULL HEARING
Published: 2017/10/04
Channel: The Ben Shapiro Show
Indian Polity: Union and State Legislature 1/3
Indian Polity: Union and State Legislature 1/3
Published: 2017/02/12
Channel: Ram Deswal
The State Legislature (Vidhan Sabha & Vidhan Parishad)
The State Legislature (Vidhan Sabha & Vidhan Parishad)
Published: 2017/06/13
Channel: MAKE MY EXAM - POWERED BY IBT INSTITUTE
Class 6th/Social Science/Civics/Union Legislature of India
Class 6th/Social Science/Civics/Union Legislature of India
Published: 2016/10/20
Channel: Tutortrek
Bol Bol Pakistan - 11 December, 2017 "FATA Bill 2017, Five Legislature Resignation, NY Explosion"
Bol Bol Pakistan - 11 December, 2017 "FATA Bill 2017, Five Legislature Resignation, NY Explosion"
Published: 2017/12/11
Channel: DawnNews
Texas Legislature Explained
Texas Legislature Explained
Published: 2017/02/28
Channel: The Daily Texan
Parliament and state legislature
Parliament and state legislature
Published: 2015/12/20
Channel: Vidya-mitra
Maine Legislature Sabotaging Important Reform
Maine Legislature Sabotaging Important Reform
Published: 2017/11/08
Channel: The Young Turks
Speech By Kenyan
Speech By Kenyan's Prof. Lumumba At The Nigerian Legislature Conference On Anti-Corruption
Published: 2016/10/20
Channel: NTA News
Proposed Spike Option for Legislature Design @ Amaravati
Proposed Spike Option for Legislature Design @ Amaravati
Published: 2017/12/13
Channel: Amaravati - People's Capital of Andhra Pradesh
Prince William and Kate meet the crowd and depart from B.C. legislature
Prince William and Kate meet the crowd and depart from B.C. legislature
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: Global News
Bringing the warning from the world
Bringing the warning from the world's scientists to the BC Legislature
Published: 2017/11/23
Channel: Andrew Weaver, MLA
NDP MPP Kicked Out of Legislature During Debate about Autism Cuts
NDP MPP Kicked Out of Legislature During Debate about Autism Cuts
Published: 2016/05/05
Channel: 980 CFPL News
Trick To Remember Polity : States with Bicameral Legislature
Trick To Remember Polity : States with Bicameral Legislature
Published: 2015/11/14
Channel: TRICKS
Point of order discussion regarding insults in the BC Legislature
Point of order discussion regarding insults in the BC Legislature
Published: 2017/11/07
Channel: Andrew Weaver, MLA
California Legislature Trying to Legalize Marriage to Children of Any Age
California Legislature Trying to Legalize Marriage to Children of Any Age
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: The Common Sense Show
Julius Malema forcefully removed from Gauteng legislature
Julius Malema forcefully removed from Gauteng legislature
Published: 2014/07/22
Channel: City Press
Trump Wins Big on DACA, Scraps Program, Refers it to Legislature for a Permanent Fix
Trump Wins Big on DACA, Scraps Program, Refers it to Legislature for a Permanent Fix
Published: 2017/09/04
Channel: Styxhexenhammer666
Class 11th Political Science Ch-5(Part-2)||Legislature
Class 11th Political Science Ch-5(Part-2)||Legislature
Published: 2017/10/02
Channel: Studyship with Krati
34th Guam Legislature Regular Morning Session - November 29, 2017
34th Guam Legislature Regular Morning Session - November 29, 2017
Published: 2017/11/29
Channel: Guam Legislature Media
NJAC Debate with Arnab Goswami | Legislature Vs Judiciary | Arun Jaitley Vs Justice R M Lodha - Full
NJAC Debate with Arnab Goswami | Legislature Vs Judiciary | Arun Jaitley Vs Justice R M Lodha - Full
Published: 2015/10/25
Channel: TIMES NOW
AfD speaks in German legislature on migration and the future
AfD speaks in German legislature on migration and the future
Published: 2017/12/09
Channel: Vlad Tepesblog
Legislature Parliament House 6th June, 2017 | व्यवस्थापिका संसद बैठक २३ जेठ,२०७४ (पहिलो बैठक)
Legislature Parliament House 6th June, 2017 | व्यवस्थापिका संसद बैठक २३ जेठ,२०७४ (पहिलो बैठक)
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: व्यवस्थापिका संसद नेपाल Legislature Parliament Nepal
34th Guam Legislature Live Feed
34th Guam Legislature Live Feed
Published: 2017/12/04
Channel: Guam Legislature Media
"Prayer delivered in Kansas State legislature by Pastor Joe Wright" - Hilton Griswold reads
"Prayer delivered in Kansas State legislature by Pastor Joe Wright" - Hilton Griswold reads
Published: 2009/04/27
Channel: HiltonsFriends
34th Guam Legislature Morning Session - November 27, 2017
34th Guam Legislature Morning Session - November 27, 2017
Published: 2017/11/27
Channel: Guam Legislature Media
Bicameral Legislature
Bicameral Legislature
Published: 2015/12/14
Channel: Mometrix Academy
Texas Legislature 2017 Agenda
Texas Legislature 2017 Agenda
Published: 2017/03/10
Channel: The Daily Texan
FORMAL OPENING OF THE LEGISLATURE
FORMAL OPENING OF THE LEGISLATURE
Published: 2015/01/15
Channel: Mamadee Diakite
Louisiana Legislature adjourns in meltdown with no budget
Louisiana Legislature adjourns in meltdown with no budget
Published: 2017/06/09
Channel: NOLA.com
Alberta NDP make mockery of legislature with more “amateur” behaviour
Alberta NDP make mockery of legislature with more “amateur” behaviour
Published: 2016/04/23
Channel: Rebel Media
THE OPENING CEREMONY OF THE 5TH SESSION OF THE 53RD LEGISLATURE  OF THE REPUBLIC OF LIBERIA.
THE OPENING CEREMONY OF THE 5TH SESSION OF THE 53RD LEGISLATURE OF THE REPUBLIC OF LIBERIA.
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: LNTV LIBERIA Live
Tributes pour in for Premier Wall on last day in legislature
Tributes pour in for Premier Wall on last day in legislature
Published: 2017/12/07
Channel: CTV News
MN Legislature vs. Gov. Mark Dayton In Court - Full Hearing
MN Legislature vs. Gov. Mark Dayton In Court - Full Hearing
Published: 2017/06/26
Channel: Michael McIntee
Hong Kong Legislature Descends Into Disorder
Hong Kong Legislature Descends Into Disorder
Published: 2016/10/26
Channel: Wall Street Journal
Speech By Kenyan
Speech By Kenyan's Prof. Lumumba At The Nigerian Legislature Conference On Anti-Corruption
Published: 2016/12/29
Channel: President Buhari Sayed
34th Guam Legislature Live Feed
34th Guam Legislature Live Feed
Published: 2017/12/05
Channel: Guam Legislature Media
Somali-American Refugee Eyes Historic Role in Minnesota State Legislature
Somali-American Refugee Eyes Historic Role in Minnesota State Legislature
Published: 2016/11/05
Channel: VOA News
State Legislature Corruption
State Legislature Corruption
Published: 2010/10/21
Channel: ABC News
CA Legislature Doesn
CA Legislature Doesn't Care About the Constitution
Published: 2016/03/16
Channel: Gun Owners of California GOC
Let
Let 'Em Know: Nebraska's Unicameral Legislature
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: Open Primaries
Right To Repair Hearing At Nebraska State Legislature(edited, commentary)
Right To Repair Hearing At Nebraska State Legislature(edited, commentary)
Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: Louis Rossmann
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city. Legislatures form important parts of most governments; in the separation of powers model, they are often contrasted with the executive and judicial branches of government.

Laws enacted by legislatures are known as legislation. Legislatures observe and steer governing actions and usually have exclusive authority to amend the budget or budgets involved in the process.

The members of a legislature are called legislators. In a democracy, legislators are most commonly popularly elected, although indirect election and appointment by the executive are also used, particularly for bicameral legislatures featuring an upper chamber.

Terminology[edit]

Map showing the terminology for each country's legislature.

Names for national legislatures include "parliament", "congress", "diet", and "assembly".

Internal organization[edit]

Each chamber of legislature consists of a number of legislators who use some form of parliamentary procedure to debate political issues and vote on proposed legislation. There must be a certain number of legislators present to carry out these activities; this is called a quorum.

Some of the responsibilities of a legislature, such as giving first consideration to newly proposed legislation, are usually delegated to committees made up of small selections of the legislators.

The members of a legislature usually represent different political parties; the members from each party generally meet as a caucus to organize their internal affairs.

The internal organization of a legislature is also shaped by the informal norms that are shared by its members.

Power[edit]

Legislatures vary widely in the amount of political power they wield, compared to other political players such as judiciaries, militaries, and executives. In 2009, political scientists M. Steven Fish and Matthew Kroenig constructed a Parliamentary Powers Index in an attempt to quantify the different degrees of power among national legislatures. The German Bundestag, the Italian Parliament, and the Mongolian State Great Khural tied for most powerful, while Myanmar's House of Representatives and Somalia's Transitional Federal Assembly (since replaced by the Federal Parliament of Somalia) tied for least powerful.[1]

Some political systems follow the principle of legislative supremacy, which holds that the legislature is the supreme branch of government and cannot be bound by other institutions, such as the judicial branch or a written constitution. Such a system renders the legislature more powerful.

In parliamentary and semi-presidential systems of government, the executive is responsible to the legislature, which may remove it with a vote of no confidence. On the other hand, according to the separation of powers doctrine, the legislature in a presidential system is considered an independent and coequal branch of government along with both the judiciary and the executive.[2]

Delegation[edit]

Legislatures will sometime delegate their legislative power to administrative or executive agencies.[3]

Members[edit]

Legislatures are made up of individual members, known as legislators, who vote on proposed laws. A legislature usually contains a fixed number of legislators; because legislatures usually meet in a specific room filled with seats for the legislators, this is often described as the number of "seats" it contains. For example, a legislature that has 100 "seats" has 100 members. By extension, an electoral district that elects a single legislator can also be described as a "seat", as, for, example, in the phrases "safe seat" and "marginal seat".

Chambers[edit]

The Congress of the Republic of Peru, the country's national legislature, meets in the Legislative Palace in 2010

A legislature may debate and vote upon bills as a single unit, or it may be composed of multiple separate assemblies, called by various names including legislative chambers, debate chambers, and houses, which debate and vote separately and have distinct powers. A legislature which operates as a single unit is unicameral, one divided into two chambers is bicameral, and one divided into three chambers is tricameral.

The British House of Commons, its lower house

In bicameral legislatures, one chamber is usually considered the upper house, while the other is considered the lower house. The two types are not rigidly different, but members of upper houses tend to be indirectly elected or appointed rather than directly elected, tend to be allocated by administrative divisions rather than by population, and tend to have longer terms than members of the lower house. In some systems, particularly parliamentary systems, the upper house has less power and tends to have a more advisory role, but in others, particularly presidential systems, the upper house has equal or even greater power.

The German Bundestag, its theoretical lower house

In federations, the upper house typically represents the federation's component states. This is a case with the supranational legislature of the European Union. The upper house may either contain the delegates of state governments – as in the European Union and in Germany and, before 1913, in the United States – or be elected according to a formula that grants equal representation to states with smaller populations, as is the case in Australia and the United States since 1913.

The Australian Senate, its upper house

Tricameral legislatures are rare; the Massachusetts Governor's Council still exists, but the most recent national example existed in the waning years of White-minority rule in South Africa. Tetracameral legislatures no longer exist, but they were previously used in Scandinavia.

Size[edit]

Legislatures vary widely in their size. Among national legislatures, China's National People's Congress is the largest with 2 987 members, while Vatican City's Pontifical Commission is the smallest with 7. Neither legislature is democratically elected, with the National People's Congress being indirectly elected, as well as the National People's Congress has little independent power.

Legislative size is a trade off between efficiency and representation; the smaller the legislature, the more efficiently it can operate, but the larger the legislature, the better it can represent the political diversity of its constituents. Comparative analysis of national legislatures has found that size of a country's lower house tends to correspond to the cube root of its population; that is, the size of the lower house tends to increase along with population, but much more slowly.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fish, M. Steven; Kroenig, Matthew (2009). The handbook of national legislatures: a global survey. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-51466-8. 
  2. ^ "Governing Systems and Executive-Legislative Relations (Presidential, Parliamentary and Hybrid Systems)". United Nations Development Programme. Archived from the original on 2008-10-17. Retrieved 2008-10-16. 
  3. ^ Schoenbrod, David (2008). "Delegation". In Hamowy, Ronald. The Encyclopedia of Libertarianism. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE; Cato Institute. pp. 117–18. doi:10.4135/9781412965811.n74. ISBN 978-1-4129-6580-4. LCCN 2008009151. OCLC 750831024. 
  4. ^ Frederick, Brian (December 2009). "Not Quite a Full House: The Case for Enlarging the House of Representatives". Bridgewater Review. Retrieved 2016-05-15. 

Further reading[edit]

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