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Last Week Tonight with John Oliver: State Legislatures and ALEC (HBO)
Last Week Tonight with John Oliver: State Legislatures and ALEC (HBO)
::2014/11/03::
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2
Civics - 1. Union Legislature
Civics - 1. Union Legislature
::2013/04/29::
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3
EFF members storm Gauteng legislature, Julius Malema escourted out
EFF members storm Gauteng legislature, Julius Malema escourted out
::2014/07/23::
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4
Julius Malema forcefully removed from Gauteng legislature
Julius Malema forcefully removed from Gauteng legislature
::2014/07/22::
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5
1 Union Legislature
1 Union Legislature
::2012/12/01::
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6
EFF invade Gauteng legislature chambers
EFF invade Gauteng legislature chambers
::2014/07/22::
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7
Voting practices in Texas State Legislature
Voting practices in Texas State Legislature
::2008/05/26::
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8
Biker Legislature Day
Biker Legislature Day
::2015/01/26::
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9
Taiwanese Legislature Fight 3
Taiwanese Legislature Fight 3
::2007/05/12::
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10
EFF members forcefully removed from the Gauteng Legislature
EFF members forcefully removed from the Gauteng Legislature
::2014/07/01::
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11
Parliament punch-up: Huge fight erupts among MPs in Ukraine legislature
Parliament punch-up: Huge fight erupts among MPs in Ukraine legislature
::2012/05/24::
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12
Gauteng legislature declared
Gauteng legislature declared 'national key point' due to EFF protest
::2014/07/22::
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13
Chaos at Gauteng legislature as EFF sit-in turns violent
Chaos at Gauteng legislature as EFF sit-in turns violent
::2014/07/22::
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14
Malema hurt in fracas at Gauteng Legislature
Malema hurt in fracas at Gauteng Legislature
::2014/07/23::
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15
CBC: Winnipeg
CBC: Winnipeg's Secret Code (Manitoba's Masonic Legislature building)
::2008/11/26::
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16
EFF chaos at Gauteng legislature
EFF chaos at Gauteng legislature
::2014/07/22::
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17
Gauteng legislature says Malema should be held accountable for damage
Gauteng legislature says Malema should be held accountable for damage
::2014/07/23::
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18
++COMPLETE++ hurricane chris at the louisiana legislature halle berry  she
++COMPLETE++ hurricane chris at the louisiana legislature halle berry she's fine
::2009/06/24::
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19
A bipartisan group of legislators won
A bipartisan group of legislators won't give up on Oregon
::2011/04/01::
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20
Somalia Civic education film  The Legislature
Somalia Civic education film The Legislature
::2014/01/10::
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21
EFF disrupts proceedings at Gauteng legislature
EFF disrupts proceedings at Gauteng legislature
::2014/07/22::
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22
Taiwan Legislature Fight
Taiwan Legislature Fight
::2009/07/18::
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23
WV Legislature - Joint Committee on Children and Families Hears About Suicide Prevention
WV Legislature - Joint Committee on Children and Families Hears About Suicide Prevention
::2014/08/26::
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24
Video Glossary: Bicameral Legislature
Video Glossary: Bicameral Legislature
::2011/06/09::
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25
WTF Hurricane Chris Performs Halle Berry At Lousiana State Legislature Session
WTF Hurricane Chris Performs Halle Berry At Lousiana State Legislature Session
::2009/06/26::
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26
BC Legislature
BC Legislature's Question Period: ESL Matters
::2014/10/28::
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27
Dress code dispute in Gauteng legislature heading to the High Courts
Dress code dispute in Gauteng legislature heading to the High Courts
::2014/07/02::
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28
California Legislature Passes Homeowner Bill of Rights
California Legislature Passes Homeowner Bill of Rights
::2012/07/03::
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29
Thailand
Thailand's Yingluck Shinawatra impeached by army-appointed legislature
::2015/01/23::
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30
Know Your New Mexico Legislature
Know Your New Mexico Legislature
::2009/10/21::
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31
Ebola Spreads To Liberian Legislature
Ebola Spreads To Liberian Legislature
::2014/09/17::
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32
A Look Back at the Wyoming Legislature
A Look Back at the Wyoming Legislature
::2013/03/08::
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33
Jeffrey Deskovic Speaks to the New York State Legislature on the Board of Parole
Jeffrey Deskovic Speaks to the New York State Legislature on the Board of Parole
::2014/01/09::
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34
The Legislature Today - April 1, 2013 - Jessica Lynch
The Legislature Today - April 1, 2013 - Jessica Lynch
::2013/04/01::
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35
Met with Legislature about Deaf inmates in Oregon Prison (Transcript)
Met with Legislature about Deaf inmates in Oregon Prison (Transcript)
::2015/01/07::
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36
Citizen outrage at Schuyler Legislature
Citizen outrage at Schuyler Legislature's vote in support of Crestwood LPG storage project
::2014/06/10::
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37
Fischer, Johanns Offer Lessons From Nebraska Legislature
Fischer, Johanns Offer Lessons From Nebraska Legislature
::2013/12/12::
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38
NEBRASKA
NEBRASKA'S LEGISLATURE DON'T LIKE MEXICANS
::2014/11/22::
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39
EFF Storm into legislature
EFF Storm into legislature
::2014/07/23::
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40
Police struggle to contain EFF crowds at Gauteng legislature
Police struggle to contain EFF crowds at Gauteng legislature
::2014/07/22::
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41
Things got a little loud in the Illinois State Legislature Tuesday
Things got a little loud in the Illinois State Legislature Tuesday
::2013/05/09::
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42
China Xinjiang legislature approves burqa ban 1/11/2015
China Xinjiang legislature approves burqa ban 1/11/2015
::2015/01/11::
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43
Mike Bost Passionate Fight for 2nd Amendment to Illinois Legislature
Mike Bost Passionate Fight for 2nd Amendment to Illinois Legislature
::2013/05/02::
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44
Protests inside Hong Kong legislature ahead of policy speech
Protests inside Hong Kong legislature ahead of policy speech
::2015/01/14::
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45
May 30, 2011 BC Legislature Question Period
May 30, 2011 BC Legislature Question Period
::2011/05/30::
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46
Union Executive & Legislature 001
Union Executive & Legislature 001
::2012/03/20::
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47
Meltdown by Liberal MLA Abel LeBlanc in the New Brunswick legislature
Meltdown by Liberal MLA Abel LeBlanc in the New Brunswick legislature
::2010/02/11::
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48
CYRIL ALLEN BLAMES LEGISLATURE FOR WOES
CYRIL ALLEN BLAMES LEGISLATURE FOR WOES
::2014/05/17::
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49
The Making of our Bicameral Legislature
The Making of our Bicameral Legislature
::2012/04/20::
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50
Hundreds of students occupy Taiwan
Hundreds of students occupy Taiwan's Legislature to protest China pact!
::2014/03/20::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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A legislature is a state's internal decision-making organization, usually associated with national government, that has the power to enact, amend, and repeal public policy. Legislatures observe and steer governing actions and usually have exclusive authority to amend the budget or budgets involved in the process. The most common names for national legislatures are "parliament" and "congress", although these terms have more specific meanings.

Terminology[edit]

Because members of legislatures usually sit together in a specific room to deliberate, seats in that room may be assigned exclusively to members of the legislature. In parliamentary language, the term "seat" is sometimes used to mean that someone is a member of a legislature. For example, to say that a legislature has 100 "seats" means that there are 100 members of the legislature; and saying that someone is "contesting a seat" means they are trying to be elected as a member of the legislature. By extension, the term "seat" is often used in less formal contexts to refer to an electoral district itself, as, for example, in the phrases "safe seat" and "marginal seat".

In parliamentary systems of government, the executive is responsible to the legislature which may remove it with a vote of no confidence. According to the separation of powers doctrine, the legislature in a presidential system is considered an independent and coequal branch of government along with both the judiciary and the executive.[1]

Institutional framework[edit]

A legislature creates a complex interaction between individual members, political parties, committees, rules of parliamentary procedure, and informal norms.

Chambers[edit]

A legislature is composed of one or more deliberative assemblies that separately debate and vote upon bills. These assemblies are normally known as chambers or houses. A legislature with only one house is a unicameral legislature, while a bicameral legislature possesses two separate chambers, usually described as an "upper house" and a "lower house". These usually differ in the duties and powers they exercise – the upper house being more revisionary or advisory in parliamentary systems – and the methods used for the selection of members. Tricameral legislatures are rare; the Massachusetts Governor's Council still exists, but the most recent national example existed in the waning years of caucasian-minority rule in South Africa.

In presidential systems, the powers of the two houses are often similar or equal, while in federations, the upper house typically represents the federation's component states. This is a case with the supranational legislature of the European Union. The upper house may either contain the delegates of state governments – as in the European Union and in Germany and, before 1913, in the United States – or be elected according to a formula that grants equal representation to states with smaller populations, as is the case in Australia and the United States since 1913. In the United States the legislative branch is split into the Senate and the House of Representatives.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

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