Tizen 2.2 beta screen on a smartphone (2013)
|Written in||HTML5, C, C++|
|OS family||Unix-like, Linux|
|Source model||Operating system: Open source
|Initial release||5 January 2012|
|Latest release||3.0 / 20 May 2017|
|Marketing target||tablets, smartphones, GPS smartnav, in-vehicle infotainment, smart TV, wearable computing, Samsung Smart Home|
|Package manager||RPM Package Manager|
|Platforms||ARM and x86|
|Kernel type||Monolithic kernel|
|Default user interface||Graphical (Native and Web applications)|
|License||Operating system: GPLv2, LGPL, Apache License, BSD, Flora License
Tizen (//) is a mobile operating system developed by Samsung that runs on a wide range of Samsung devices, including smartphones; tablets; in-vehicle infotainment (IVI) devices; smart televisions; smart cameras; smartwatches; Blu-ray players; smart home appliances (refrigerators, lighting, washing machines, air conditioners, ovens/microwaves); and robotic vacuum cleaners.
In 2010 Samsung was developing the Samsung Linux Platform (SLP) for the LiMo Foundation, whilst Intel and Nokia were leading the MeeGo project, another open source Linux mobile OS. In 2011 the MeeGo project was abandoned by its peers with Intel joining forces with Samsung to create Tizen, a new project based on code from SLP. The Linux Foundation also cancelled support of MeeGo in favor of Tizen. In 2013 Samsung merged its homegrown Bada project into Tizen.
The Tizen Association was formed to guide the industry role of Tizen, including requirements gathering, identifying and facilitating service models, and overall industry marketing and education. Members of the Tizen Association represent major sectors of the mobility industry. Current members include: Fujitsu, Huawei, Intel, KT, NEC Casio, NTT DoCoMo, Orange, Panasonic, Samsung, SK Telecom, Sprint and Vodafone.
On May 7, 2012, American wireless carrier Sprint Nextel (now Sprint Corporation) announced it had agreed to become part of the Tizen Association and planned to include Tizen-powered devices in their future lineup.
On September 16, 2012, the Automotive Grade Linux Workgroup announced it will work with the Tizen project as the reference distribution optimized for a broad set of automotive applications such as instrumentation cluster and in-vehicle-infotainment (IVI).
On May 14, 2014, it was announced that Tizen:Common would ship with Qt integrated. This marks the ability for Tizen to support Qt native apps.
Samsung announced in November 2016 that they would be collaborating with Microsoft to bring .Net support to Tizen.
Samsung is currently the only Tizen member developing and using the operating system.
On February 21, 2016, Samsung announced the Samsung Connect Auto, a connected car solution offering diagnostic, Wi-Fi, and other car-connected services. The device plugs directly into the OBD-II port underneath the steering wheel.
On April 3, 2017, Vice reported on its "Motherboard" website that Amihai Neiderman, an Israeli security expert, has found more than 40 zero-day vulnerabilities in Tizen's code, allowing hackers to remotely access a wide variety of current Samsung products running Tizen, such as Smart TVs and mobile phones. Only after the article was published did Samsung, whom Neiderman tried to contact months before, reach out to him to follow up on the report.
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