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Lieutenant General Michael D. Dubie
Lieutenant General Michael D. Dubie's promotion
Published: 2012/08/15
Channel: NationalGuard
From orphan to Army surgeon general
From orphan to Army surgeon general
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: CNN
Lieutenant general (United States)
Lieutenant general (United States)
Published: 2015/10/22
Channel: Audiopedia
Security Challenges to the Continent with Lieutenant General Ben Hodges, Commander of US Army Europe
Security Challenges to the Continent with Lieutenant General Ben Hodges, Commander of US Army Europe
Published: 2017/02/07
Channel: PolicyExchangeUK
Obesity is a National Security Issue: Lieutenant General Mark Hertling at TEDxMidAtlantic 2012
Obesity is a National Security Issue: Lieutenant General Mark Hertling at TEDxMidAtlantic 2012
Published: 2012/12/06
Channel: TEDx Talks
General (United States)
General (United States)
Published: 2014/08/31
Channel: Audiopedia
A conversation with Lieutenant General Ronald L. Bailey
A conversation with Lieutenant General Ronald L. Bailey
Published: 2016/11/09
Channel: Vanderbilt Owen Graduate School of Management
General (United States)
General (United States)
Published: 2016/08/25
Channel: WikiWikiup
Rocks of History - What legacy will you leave behind? | Lieutenant General Ben Hodges | TEDxWHU
Rocks of History - What legacy will you leave behind? | Lieutenant General Ben Hodges | TEDxWHU
Published: 2016/04/14
Channel: TEDx Talks
U.S. Army Lt. Gen. Townsend meets with Iraqi security forces leaders
U.S. Army Lt. Gen. Townsend meets with Iraqi security forces leaders
Published: 2017/05/21
Channel: Bridget Bosch
Lieutenant general (United States)
Lieutenant general (United States)
Published: 2016/08/22
Channel: WikiWikiup
Dignity and Respect
Dignity and Respect
Published: 2017/08/14
Channel: U.S. Army Reserve
Lieutenant General William E. Odom, U.S. Army (Ret.) on Iraq
Lieutenant General William E. Odom, U.S. Army (Ret.) on Iraq
Published: 2007/01/16
Channel: Politicstv
Lieutenant General Ronald Bailey (USMC) on Leadership
Lieutenant General Ronald Bailey (USMC) on Leadership
Published: 2017/02/23
Channel: Hillsdale College
Lt. Gen. Ben Hodges, Commanding General of United States Army Europe - USAREUR
Lt. Gen. Ben Hodges, Commanding General of United States Army Europe - USAREUR
Published: 2015/07/09
Channel: ВССМ Украина
Lt General U.S. Army Commander Europe Ben Hodges "2017 the year of execution"
Lt General U.S. Army Commander Europe Ben Hodges "2017 the year of execution"
Published: 2017/07/12
Channel: Baltic Man
Lieutenant General Courtney Hodges of United States Army at Master Tac headquarte...HD Stock Footage
Lieutenant General Courtney Hodges of United States Army at Master Tac headquarte...HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/03/18
Channel: CriticalPast
Abraham Lincoln promotes U.S. Grant to Lieutenant General
Abraham Lincoln promotes U.S. Grant to Lieutenant General
Published: 2017/03/11
Channel: Rick Davi
Harbingers of Future War: Implications for the Army with Lieutenant General H.R. McMaster
Harbingers of Future War: Implications for the Army with Lieutenant General H.R. McMaster
Published: 2016/05/04
Channel: Center for Strategic & International Studies
US Lieutenant General Geoffrey Keyes inspects German small arms in Italy during W...HD Stock Footage
US Lieutenant General Geoffrey Keyes inspects German small arms in Italy during W...HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/04/03
Channel: CriticalPast
Eurosatory 2016: Lt. Gen. Ben Hodges,  Commanding General US Army Europe
Eurosatory 2016: Lt. Gen. Ben Hodges, Commanding General US Army Europe
Published: 2016/06/15
Channel: Jane's by IHS Markit
Lt. General Michael Flynn on America
Lt. General Michael Flynn on America's Role in the World
Published: 2017/01/17
Channel: United States Institute of Peace
"Conservative Outsider" - Lt. General Jack Bergman for Congress
"Conservative Outsider" - Lt. General Jack Bergman for Congress
Published: 2016/07/23
Channel: Jack Bergman
Who is Lt General Michael Flynn - Trump
Who is Lt General Michael Flynn - Trump's New National Security Advisor
Published: 2016/12/08
Channel: American Patriot
Lieutenant General Bostick on U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Operations in the Asia-Pacific
Lieutenant General Bostick on U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Operations in the Asia-Pacific
Published: 2014/05/27
Channel: U.S. Department of State
Hungarian Lieutenant General Vitéz Kassai Farkas László talks to a US Army office...HD Stock Footage
Hungarian Lieutenant General Vitéz Kassai Farkas László talks to a US Army office...HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/03/31
Channel: CriticalPast
Veterans In Politics Talk Show: Buck Bedard Retired Lt. General United States Marine Corps
Veterans In Politics Talk Show: Buck Bedard Retired Lt. General United States Marine Corps
Published: 2013/03/14
Channel: Steve Sanson
Lt General Frank E Petersen Tribute Semper Fi
Lt General Frank E Petersen Tribute Semper Fi
Published: 2015/09/02
Channel: juan delvalle
Lt. Gen. Ben Hodges Briefing on Operation Atlantic Resolve
Lt. Gen. Ben Hodges Briefing on Operation Atlantic Resolve
Published: 2015/12/10
Channel: USArmyEurope
Lt. Gen. Ben Hodges Thanks Troops
Lt. Gen. Ben Hodges Thanks Troops
Published: 2015/01/07
Channel: DoD News
Lieutenant General Michael T. Flynn
Lieutenant General Michael T. Flynn
Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: SHALOMshow on TV
Lieutenant General Dolan, USFJ/5th AF spot 1
Lieutenant General Dolan, USFJ/5th AF spot 1
Published: 2015/07/27
Channel: KadenaAirBase
LTG Brooks West Point Visit.mov
LTG Brooks West Point Visit.mov
Published: 2012/04/10
Channel: West Point - The U.S. Military Academy
Lt Gen Kwast Sponsorship
Lt Gen Kwast Sponsorship
Published: 2016/02/25
Channel: MaxwellGunterAFB
MG Stephen G. Fogarty, USA, and Lt. Gen. Ben Hodges, USA.
MG Stephen G. Fogarty, USA, and Lt. Gen. Ben Hodges, USA.
Published: 2016/08/04
Channel: AFCEA International
Lt. Gen. Nadja West, U.S. Army Surgeon General talks about PPP
Lt. Gen. Nadja West, U.S. Army Surgeon General talks about PPP
Published: 2016/10/25
Channel: GS VIRGINIA E SINCLAIR
Lt.  Gen.  Hal Moore - In Memoriam - "We Were Soldiers"
Lt. Gen. Hal Moore - In Memoriam - "We Were Soldiers"
Published: 2017/02/13
Channel: Petittwo
2014 AUSA Winter Symposium - Lt. Gen. Edward C. Cardon - U.S. Army Cyberspace Command
2014 AUSA Winter Symposium - Lt. Gen. Edward C. Cardon - U.S. Army Cyberspace Command
Published: 2014/02/28
Channel: Association of the U.S. Army
Lt. Gen. Benny Gantz Meets With Gen. Martin Dempsey
Lt. Gen. Benny Gantz Meets With Gen. Martin Dempsey
Published: 2014/03/30
Channel: Israel Defense Forces
Army Air & Missile Defense Hot Topic 2016 - Lt. Gen. David L. Mann
Army Air & Missile Defense Hot Topic 2016 - Lt. Gen. David L. Mann
Published: 2016/02/18
Channel: Association of the U.S. Army
LT GEN John Paxton, United States Marine Corps, arrived in Georgia to visit with Georgian soldiers.
LT GEN John Paxton, United States Marine Corps, arrived in Georgia to visit with Georgian soldiers.
Published: 2012/10/05
Channel: U.S. Embassy Georgia
Lt General Jerry Boykin Speaks about Infiltration of Radical Islam into the US
Lt General Jerry Boykin Speaks about Infiltration of Radical Islam into the US
Published: 2012/08/19
Channel: JAQUEOBAUER
EBU Lithuania US General calls on the Russians to lower anxiety through transparency
EBU Lithuania US General calls on the Russians to lower anxiety through transparency
Published: 2017/03/01
Channel: Lietuvos nacionalinis radijas ir televizija
Tad J. Oelstrom, Retired U.S. Air Force Lieutenant General
Tad J. Oelstrom, Retired U.S. Air Force Lieutenant General
Published: 2012/08/13
Channel: Institute for Cultural Diplomacy
US Marines Lt. General Thomas Holcomb welcomes Major General Alexander Vandegrift...HD Stock Footage
US Marines Lt. General Thomas Holcomb welcomes Major General Alexander Vandegrift...HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/06/13
Channel: CriticalPast
Lt. General Flynn on His Leadership Style | American War Generals
Lt. General Flynn on His Leadership Style | American War Generals
Published: 2014/09/12
Channel: National Geographic
President Trump taps Lt. General H.R. McMaster
President Trump taps Lt. General H.R. McMaster
Published: 2017/02/20
Channel: CBS News
AUSA Sustainment Hot Topic - Lt. Gen. Gustave Perna - Army G-4
AUSA Sustainment Hot Topic - Lt. Gen. Gustave Perna - Army G-4
Published: 2015/07/29
Channel: Association of the U.S. Army
Lt. Gen Robert Walsh, USMC
Lt. Gen Robert Walsh, USMC
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: Patrick Tucker
U.S. Lieutenant General George S. Patton visits U.S. Army VIII Corps headquarters...HD Stock Footage
U.S. Lieutenant General George S. Patton visits U.S. Army VIII Corps headquarters...HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/03/15
Channel: CriticalPast
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Lieutenant general
US-O9 insignia.svg
Army, Air Force and Marine Corps three-star insignia of the rank of lieutenant general.
USN-USMC O9 insignia.svg
Marine Corps three-star insignia of the rank of lieutenant general.
Country  United States
Service branch
Abbreviation LTG (Army) / Lt Gen (Air Force) / LtGen (Marine Corps)
Rank Three-star
NATO rank OF-8
Non-NATO rank O-9
Next higher rank General
Next lower rank Major general
Equivalent ranks

In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and the United States Air Force, lieutenant general (abbreviated LTG in the Army, Lt Gen in the Air Force, and LtGen in the Marine Corps) is a three-star general officer rank, with the pay grade of O-9. Lieutenant general ranks above major general and below general. Lieutenant general is equivalent to the rank of vice admiral in the other uniformed services.

Statutory limits[edit]

U.S. lieutenant general flags
Rank flag of a lieutenant general in the United States Army. The flag of a lieutenant general of the Army Medical Department has a maroon background; the flag of a chaplain (brigadier general) has a black background.
Flag of a United States Marine Corps lieutenant general.
Flag of a United States Air Force lieutenant general.
U.S. Army ASU insignia of the rank of Lieutenant general. Style and method of wear may vary between the services.
U.S. Army "Class B" insignia of the rank of Lieutenant general. Style and method of wear may vary between the services.
U.S. Marine Corps insignia of the rank of Lieutenant general. Style and method of wear may vary between the services.
U.S. Air Force insignia of the rank of Lieutenant general. Style and method of wear may vary between the services.

The United States Code explicitly limits the total number of generals that may be concurrently active to 230 for the Army, 60 for the Marine Corps, and 208 for the Air Force.[1] For the Army and Air Force, no more than about 25% of the service's active duty general officers may have more than two stars.[2] Some of these slots can be reserved by statute. Officers serving in certain intelligence positions are not counted against either limit, including the Deputy Director of the Central Intelligence Agency.[3] The President may also add three-star slots to one service if they are offset by removing an equivalent number from other services.[2] Finally, all statutory limits may be waived at the president's discretion during time of war or national emergency.[4]

Appointment and tour length[edit]

The three-star grade goes hand-in-hand with the position of office to which it is linked, so the rank is temporary. Officers may only achieve three-star grade if they are appointed to positions that require the officer to hold such a rank.[5] Their rank expires with the expiration of their term of office, which is usually set by statute.[5] Lieutenant generals are nominated for appointment by the president from any eligible officers holding the rank of brigadier general or above, who also meet the requirements for the position, with the advice of the Secretary of Defense and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.[5] The nominee must be confirmed via majority vote by the Senate before the appointee can take office and thus assume the rank.[5] The standard tour length for most lieutenant general positions is three years but some are set four or more years by statute.

Extensions of the standard tour length can be approved, within statutory limits, by their respective service secretaries, the Secretary of Defense, the president, or Congress but these are rare, as they block other officers from being promoted. Some statutory limits under the U.S. Code can be waived in times of national emergency or war. Three-star ranks may also be given by act of Congress but this is extremely rare.

Retirement[edit]

Other than voluntary retirement, statute sets a number of mandates for retirement. Lieutenant generals must retire after 38 years of service unless appointed for promotion or reappointed to grade to serve longer.[6] Otherwise all general officers must retire the month after their 64th birthday.[7] However, the Secretary of Defense can defer a three-star officer's retirement until the officer's 66th birthday and the president can defer it until the officer's 68th birthday.

General officers typically retire well in advance of the statutory age and service limits, so as not to impede the upward career mobility of their juniors. Since there is a finite number of three-star slots available to each service, typically one officer must leave office before another can be promoted.[8] Maintaining a three-star rank is a game of musical chairs; once an officer vacates a position bearing that rank, they have 60 days to be appointed or reappointed to a position of equal or higher importance or involuntarily retire.[5] Historically, officers leaving three-star positions were allowed to revert to their permanent two-star ranks to mark time in lesser jobs until statutory retirement, but now such officers are expected to retire immediately to avoid obstructing the promotion flow.

History[edit]

Modern use[edit]

An Army or Marine Corps lieutenant general typically commands a corps-sized unit (20,000 to 45,000 soldiers for an Army Corps and a similar number of Marines for a Marine Expeditionary Force), while an Air Force lieutenant general commands a large Numbered Air Force consisting of several wings or a smaller USAF Major Command (MAJCOM) such as the Air Force Special Operations Command or the Air Force Reserve Command. Additionally, lieutenant generals of all services serve as high-level staff officers at various major command headquarters and The Pentagon, often as the heads of their departments. Currently, five women serve as lieutenant generals in the US Army.[9]

After the close of the Second World War, generals were normally promoted permanently to brigadier general and major general, with temporary promotions to lieutenant general and general to fill senior positions as needed. In theory, a general vacates their three or four-star rank at termination of their assignment unless placed in an equal ranking billet. Douglas MacArthur, who served as four-star general and Army Chief of Staff, reverted to two stars after his CoS tour ended but chose to stay on active duty in the United States Army.

The practice of using lieutenant general and general grades as a temporary rank continues, with the President and the Department of Defense creating temporary or indefinite three- and four-star assignments, with fixed term of office, with the approval of the Senate. Even with the temporary status, such officers are also almost always granted permanent retirement in the last grade they held with the satisfactory completion of at least two or three years in grade.

Famous lieutenant generals[edit]

Historic[edit]

Listed in order of receiving the rank:

World War II[edit]

1950s through 1980s; Korean War, Vietnam War, Cold War[edit]

Post-Cold War[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 10 USC § 526. Authorized strength: general and flag officers on active duty
  2. ^ a b [1] 10 USC 525. Distribution of commissioned officers on active duty in general officer and flag officer grades.
  3. ^ [2] 10 USC 528. Officers serving in certain intelligence positions: military status; exclusion from distribution and strength limitations; pay and allowances.
  4. ^ [3] 10 USC 527. Authority to suspend sections 523, 525, and 526.
  5. ^ a b c d e [4] 10 USC 601. Positions of importance and responsibility: generals and lieutenant generals; admirals and vice admirals.
  6. ^ 10 USC 636. Retirement for years of service: regular officers in grades above brigadier general and rear admiral (lower half).
  7. ^ 10 USC 1253. Age 64: regular commissioned officers in general and flag officer grades; exception.
  8. ^ [5] DoD News Briefing on Thursday, June 6, 1996. Retirement of Admiral Leighton W. Smith Jr.
  9. ^ Army finance officer attains historic third star (2014-08-13)
  10. ^ "Knudsen the Only Civilian To Enter Army at His Rank", The New York Times, p. 9, January 17, 1942 .
  11. ^ Patricia Tracey, VADM, USN (Ret), was the first woman to be promoted to three-star rank (Vice Admiral, the Navy rank equivalent to lieutenant general, both being the military grade of O-9), on 13 May 1996.

External links[edit]

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