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Lieutenant general (United States)
Lieutenant general (United States)
Published: 2015/10/22
Channel: Audiopedia
Obesity is a National Security Issue: Lieutenant General Mark Hertling at TEDxMidAtlantic 2012
Obesity is a National Security Issue: Lieutenant General Mark Hertling at TEDxMidAtlantic 2012
Published: 2012/12/06
Channel: TEDx Talks
Who is H.R. McMaster, Trump’s new national security adviser?
Who is H.R. McMaster, Trump’s new national security adviser?
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: PBS NewsHour
Lieutenant general (United States)
Lieutenant general (United States)
Published: 2016/08/22
Channel: WikiWikiup
Lieutenant General Michael D. Dubie
Lieutenant General Michael D. Dubie's promotion
Published: 2012/08/15
Channel: NationalGuard
Anderson Cooper discusses Trump
Anderson Cooper discusses Trump's choice of Lt Gen McMaster for National Security Adviser
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: news672
Lt. Gen. H. R. McMaster: U.S. Policy Mistakes in the Vietnam War
Lt. Gen. H. R. McMaster: U.S. Policy Mistakes in the Vietnam War
Published: 2015/01/12
Channel: Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs
Security Challenges to the Continent with Lieutenant General Ben Hodges, Commander of US Army Europe
Security Challenges to the Continent with Lieutenant General Ben Hodges, Commander of US Army Europe
Published: 2017/02/07
Channel: PolicyExchangeUK
Discussion:  Conventional Force-Special Operations Forces Interdependence
Discussion: Conventional Force-Special Operations Forces Interdependence
Published: 2015/10/13
Channel: US Army TRADOC
Lieutenant General Michael T. Flynn
Lieutenant General Michael T. Flynn
Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: SHALOMshow on TV
20170329 Military Pilot Shortage (ID: 105795)
20170329 Military Pilot Shortage (ID: 105795)
Published: 2017/03/29
Channel: U.S. House Armed Services Committee
From orphan to Army surgeon general
From orphan to Army surgeon general
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: CNN
Lt. General Flynn on His Leadership Style | American War Generals
Lt. General Flynn on His Leadership Style | American War Generals
Published: 2014/09/12
Channel: National Geographic
General (United States)
General (United States)
Published: 2016/08/25
Channel: WikiWikiup
Lieutenant General Courtney Hodges of United States Army at Master Tac headquarte...HD Stock Footage
Lieutenant General Courtney Hodges of United States Army at Master Tac headquarte...HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/03/18
Channel: CriticalPast
U.S. military has been depleted and must be rebuilt: Lt. Gen. Spoehr
U.S. military has been depleted and must be rebuilt: Lt. Gen. Spoehr
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: Fox Business
Lt General Jerry Boykin Speaks about Infiltration of Radical Islam into the US
Lt General Jerry Boykin Speaks about Infiltration of Radical Islam into the US
Published: 2012/08/19
Channel: JAQUEOBAUER
Lieutenant General Mark P. Hertling, Commanding General of the U.S. Army Europe
Lieutenant General Mark P. Hertling, Commanding General of the U.S. Army Europe
Published: 2012/07/18
Channel: U.S. Embassy Georgia
Lt. General Thomas McInerney says the Obama Administration committed treasonous acts
Lt. General Thomas McInerney says the Obama Administration committed treasonous acts
Published: 2017/02/19
Channel: Illuminating Videos
General (United States)
General (United States)
Published: 2014/08/31
Channel: Audiopedia
US Army Vehicle Acquisition: Lieutenant General Michael Williamson
US Army Vehicle Acquisition: Lieutenant General Michael Williamson
Published: 2016/02/03
Channel: Defence IQ
Lt. General John Sattler
Lt. General John Sattler
Published: 2016/08/26
Channel: Kansas City Live TV
Women In The Military:  LTG West, Army Surgeon General
Women In The Military: LTG West, Army Surgeon General
Published: 2016/04/05
Channel: DoD News
Eurosatory 2016: Lt. Gen. Ben Hodges,  Commanding General US Army Europe
Eurosatory 2016: Lt. Gen. Ben Hodges, Commanding General US Army Europe
Published: 2016/06/15
Channel: Jane's
US Army sending equipment to Eastern Europe: Lieutenant General Ben Hodges Interview
US Army sending equipment to Eastern Europe: Lieutenant General Ben Hodges Interview
Published: 2015/02/11
Channel: Defence IQ
Who is Lt General Michael Flynn - Trump
Who is Lt General Michael Flynn - Trump's New National Security Advisor
Published: 2016/12/08
Channel: American Patriot
Lt. General Michael Flynn on America
Lt. General Michael Flynn on America's Role in the World
Published: 2017/01/17
Channel: United States Institute of Peace
Lt. General Tom McInerney (Ret): Beware America, They Are Coming After Us
Lt. General Tom McInerney (Ret): Beware America, They Are Coming After Us
Published: 2014/09/03
Channel: Shelly Dankert
A conversation with Lieutenant General Ronald L. Bailey
A conversation with Lieutenant General Ronald L. Bailey
Published: 2016/11/09
Channel: Vanderbilt Owen Graduate School of Management
Lieutenant General Julius W. Becton, Jr., U.S. Army (Ret.)
Lieutenant General Julius W. Becton, Jr., U.S. Army (Ret.)
Published: 2015/07/03
Channel: Stephen Gutowski
United States Lieutenant General Jacob L Devers and Lieutenant General Brehon Som...HD Stock Footage
United States Lieutenant General Jacob L Devers and Lieutenant General Brehon Som...HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/03/10
Channel: CriticalPast
Pakistan is supporting the Taliban: Lt. Gen. McInerney
Pakistan is supporting the Taliban: Lt. Gen. McInerney
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: Fox Business
Lieutenant General Michael T. Flynn, Director of DIA
Lieutenant General Michael T. Flynn, Director of DIA
Published: 2015/05/03
Channel: GeekBeat
United states Army Lieutenant General Courtney H. Hodges meets Russian Generals i...HD Stock Footage
United states Army Lieutenant General Courtney H. Hodges meets Russian Generals i...HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/03/19
Channel: CriticalPast
"Conservative Outsider" - Lt. General Jack Bergman for Congress
"Conservative Outsider" - Lt. General Jack Bergman for Congress
Published: 2016/07/23
Channel: Jack Bergman
General William Kip Ward demoted to Lieutenant General
General William Kip Ward demoted to Lieutenant General
Published: 2014/05/11
Channel: otv104
Lieutenant General Bostick on U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Operations in the Asia-Pacific
Lieutenant General Bostick on U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Operations in the Asia-Pacific
Published: 2014/05/27
Channel: U.S. Department of State
Lieutenant General Robert J. Winglass, US Marine Corps (Ret.) (Part 1)
Lieutenant General Robert J. Winglass, US Marine Corps (Ret.) (Part 1)
Published: 2010/03/04
Channel: Committee for Economic Development
United States Army Generals including General Dwight Eisenhower and General Omar ...HD Stock Footage
United States Army Generals including General Dwight Eisenhower and General Omar ...HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/03/20
Channel: CriticalPast
Lt. Gen. Nadja West, U.S. Army Surgeon General talks about PPP
Lt. Gen. Nadja West, U.S. Army Surgeon General talks about PPP
Published: 2016/10/25
Channel: GS VIRGINIA E SINCLAIR
2013 California Gold Star Parents  - Lieutenant General John A. Toolan - Full Version
2013 California Gold Star Parents - Lieutenant General John A. Toolan - Full Version
Published: 2013/03/01
Channel: MarinesMemorialClub
Lt. Gen. Benny Gantz Meets With Gen. Martin Dempsey
Lt. Gen. Benny Gantz Meets With Gen. Martin Dempsey
Published: 2014/03/30
Channel: Israel Defense Forces
Veterans In Politics Talk Show: Buck Bedard Retired Lt. General United States Marine Corps
Veterans In Politics Talk Show: Buck Bedard Retired Lt. General United States Marine Corps
Published: 2013/03/14
Channel: Steve Sanson
BREAKING NEWS: Lt. General Michael Flynn Resigns: White House Statement!!!
BREAKING NEWS: Lt. General Michael Flynn Resigns: White House Statement!!!
Published: 2017/02/14
Channel: Golden State Times
LTG Thomas G. Rhame, USA-Ret
LTG Thomas G. Rhame, USA-Ret
Published: 2015/12/11
Channel: VII Corps Desert Storm Veterans Association
Lt. General McInerney: Beware, America. They Are Coming For Us
Lt. General McInerney: Beware, America. They Are Coming For Us
Published: 2014/09/03
Channel: Digitas Daily
EBU Lithuania US General calls on the Russians to lower anxiety through transparency
EBU Lithuania US General calls on the Russians to lower anxiety through transparency
Published: 2017/03/01
Channel: Lietuvos nacionalinis radijas ir televizija
U.S. Army Lt. Gen. Townsend meets with Iraqi security forces leaders
U.S. Army Lt. Gen. Townsend meets with Iraqi security forces leaders
Published: 2017/05/21
Channel: Bridget Bosch
Ernst Questions Lt. General Bednarek and Maj. General Scales on US Military Small Arms, Round 1
Ernst Questions Lt. General Bednarek and Maj. General Scales on US Military Small Arms, Round 1
Published: 2017/05/17
Channel: Senator Joni Ernst
LWC 2015: Lt. General Michael Williamson, Acquisition Logistics and Technology, US Army
LWC 2015: Lt. General Michael Williamson, Acquisition Logistics and Technology, US Army
Published: 2016/01/07
Channel: RUSI
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Lieutenant General
US-O9 insignia.svg
Army, Marine Corps, and Air Force three-star insignia of the rank of lieutenant general. Style and method of wear may vary between the services.
Country  United States
Service branch
Abbreviation LTG / Lt Gen / LtGen
Rank Three-star
NATO rank OF-8
Non-NATO rank O-9
Next higher rank General
Next lower rank Major General
Equivalent ranks

In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and the United States Air Force, lieutenant general (abbreviated LTG in the Army, Lt Gen in the Air Force, and LtGen in the Marine Corps) is a three-star general officer rank, with the pay grade of O-9. Lieutenant general ranks above major general and below general. Lieutenant general is equivalent to the rank of vice admiral in the other uniformed services.

Statutory limits[edit]

U.S. lieutenant general flags
Rank flag of a lieutenant general in the United States Army. The flag of a lieutenant general of the Army Medical Department has a maroon background; the flag of a chaplain (brigadier general) has a black background.
Flag of a United States Marine Corps lieutenant general.
Flag of a United States Air Force lieutenant general.
U.S. Army insignia of the rank of Lieutenant general. Style and method of wear may vary between the services.
U.S. Marine Corps insignia of the rank of Lieutenant general. Style and method of wear may vary between the services.
U.S. Air Force insignia of the rank of Lieutenant general. Style and method of wear may vary between the services.

The United States Code explicitly limits the total number of generals that may be concurrently active to 230 for the Army, 60 for the Marine Corps, and 208 for the Air Force.[1] For the Army and Air Force, no more than about 25% of the service's active duty general officers may have more than two stars.[2] Some of these slots can be reserved by statute. Officers serving in certain intelligence positions are not counted against either limit, including the Deputy Director of the Central Intelligence Agency.[3] The President may also add three-star slots to one service if they are offset by removing an equivalent number from other services.[2] Finally, all statutory limits may be waived at the president's discretion during time of war or national emergency.[4]

Appointment and tour length[edit]

The three-star grade goes hand-in-hand with the position of office to which it is linked, so the rank is temporary. Officers may only achieve three-star grade if they are appointed to positions that require the officer to hold such a rank.[5] Their rank expires with the expiration of their term of office, which is usually set by statute.[5] Lieutenant generals are nominated for appointment by the president from any eligible officers holding the rank of brigadier general or above, who also meet the requirements for the position, with the advice of the Secretary of Defense and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.[5] The nominee must be confirmed via majority vote by the Senate before the appointee can take office and thus assume the rank.[5] The standard tour length for most lieutenant general positions is three years but some are set four or more years by statute.

Extensions of the standard tour length can be approved, within statutory limits, by their respective service secretaries, the Secretary of Defense, the president, or Congress but these are rare, as they block other officers from being promoted. Some statutory limits under the U.S. Code can be waived in times of national emergency or war. Three-star ranks may also be given by act of Congress but this is extremely rare.

Retirement[edit]

Other than voluntary retirement, statute sets a number of mandates for retirement. Lieutenant generals must retire after 38 years of service unless appointed for promotion or reappointed to grade to serve longer.[6] Otherwise all general officers must retire the month after their 64th birthday.[7] However, the Secretary of Defense can defer a three-star officer's retirement until the officer's 66th birthday and the president can defer it until the officer's 68th birthday.

General officers typically retire well in advance of the statutory age and service limits, so as not to impede the upward career mobility of their juniors. Since there is a finite number of three-star slots available to each service, typically one officer must leave office before another can be promoted.[8] Maintaining a three-star rank is a game of musical chairs; once an officer vacates a position bearing that rank, they have 60 days to be appointed or reappointed to a position of equal or higher importance or involuntarily retire.[5] Historically, officers leaving three-star positions were allowed to revert to their permanent two-star ranks to mark time in lesser jobs until statutory retirement, but now such officers are expected to retire immediately to avoid obstructing the promotion flow.

History[edit]

Modern use[edit]

An Army or Marine Corps lieutenant general typically commands a corps-sized unit (20,000 to 45,000 soldiers for an Army Corps and a similar number of Marines for a Marine Expeditionary Force), while an Air Force lieutenant general commands a large Numbered Air Force consisting of several wings or a smaller USAF Major Command (MAJCOM) such as the Air Force Special Operations Command or the Air Force Reserve Command. Additionally, lieutenant generals of all services serve as high-level staff officers at various major command headquarters and The Pentagon, often as the heads of their departments. Currently, five women serve as lieutenant generals in the US Army.[9]

After the close of the Second World War, generals were normally promoted permanently to brigadier general and major general, with temporary promotions to lieutenant general and general to fill senior positions as needed. In theory, a general vacates their three or four-star rank at termination of their assignment unless placed in an equal ranking billet. Douglas MacArthur, who served as four-star general and Army Chief of Staff, reverted to two stars after his CoS tour ended but chose to stay on active duty in the United States Army.

The practice of using lieutenant general and general grades as a temporary rank continues, with the President and the Department of Defense creating temporary or indefinite three- and four-star assignments, with fixed term of office, with the approval of the Senate. Even with the temporary status, such officers are also almost always granted permanent retirement in the last grade they held with the satisfactory completion of at least two or three years in grade.

Famous lieutenant generals[edit]

Historic[edit]

Listed in order of receiving the rank:

World War II[edit]

1950s through 1980s; Korean War, Vietnam War, Cold War[edit]

Post-Cold War[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 10 USC § 526. Authorized strength: general and flag officers on active duty
  2. ^ a b [1] 10 USC 525. Distribution of commissioned officers on active duty in general officer and flag officer grades.
  3. ^ [2] 10 USC 528. Officers serving in certain intelligence positions: military status; exclusion from distribution and strength limitations; pay and allowances.
  4. ^ [3] 10 USC 527. Authority to suspend sections 523, 525, and 526.
  5. ^ a b c d e [4] 10 USC 601. Positions of importance and responsibility: generals and lieutenant generals; admirals and vice admirals.
  6. ^ 10 USC 636. Retirement for years of service: regular officers in grades above brigadier general and rear admiral (lower half).
  7. ^ 10 USC 1253. Age 64: regular commissioned officers in general and flag officer grades; exception.
  8. ^ [5] DoD News Briefing on Thursday, June 6, 1996. Retirement of Admiral Leighton W. Smith Jr.
  9. ^ Army finance officer attains historic third star (2014-08-13)
  10. ^ Edward Tullidge, Life of Brigham Young (New York, 1876), pp. 30-31
  11. ^ "Knudsen the Only Civilian To Enter Army at His Rank", The New York Times, p. 9, January 17, 1942 .
  12. ^ Patricia Tracey, VADM, USN (Ret), was the first woman to be promoted to three-star rank (Vice Admiral, the Navy rank equivalent to lieutenant general, both being the military grade of O-9), on 13 May 1996.

External links[edit]

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