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Kauai, Hawaii: Around Lihue
Kauai, Hawaii: Around Lihue
Published: 2012/11/13
Channel: Travel around the world
Lihue, Hawaii 2016
Lihue, Hawaii 2016
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Published: 2014/02/21
Channel: kauai999
Kauai Island (Lihue, Hawaii) 2017
Kauai Island (Lihue, Hawaii) 2017
Published: 2017/03/03
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Hawaii's Lihue Plantation Lets You Float Down Old Sugar Cane Canals on An Innertube
Published: 2015/05/20
Channel: ROADTRIPPERS.COM
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drone flite over down-town lihue, kauai
Published: 2014/02/22
Channel: kauai999
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Channel: FUN Holiday Image
Hawaiian Airlines Boeing 717-22A  / Honolulu to Lihue
Hawaiian Airlines Boeing 717-22A / Honolulu to Lihue
Published: 2015/09/04
Channel: SDMullis
Lihue, Kauai
Lihue, Kauai
Published: 2009/01/14
Channel: Hoosier Tim's Travel Videos
Visit Kauai Hawaii | Day 1 & 2 | Lihue Airport - Hilton Garden Inn - Lydgate Park
Visit Kauai Hawaii | Day 1 & 2 | Lihue Airport - Hilton Garden Inn - Lydgate Park
Published: 2016/10/06
Channel: David A. Moya
Lihue Airport Walk-through - Kauai, Hawaii
Lihue Airport Walk-through - Kauai, Hawaii
Published: 2014/01/25
Channel: MD881212
Allen Stone - Killing Time, solo Lihue Hawaii 2/20/17
Allen Stone - Killing Time, solo Lihue Hawaii 2/20/17
Published: 2017/02/22
Channel: Mitch Wight
Surfing on Lihue & Koloa, Kauai Hawaii
Surfing on Lihue & Koloa, Kauai Hawaii
Published: 2015/10/20
Channel: Joshua Peek
Hawaii Vlog: July 2015 | Lihue, Kauai & Honolulu, Oahu
Hawaii Vlog: July 2015 | Lihue, Kauai & Honolulu, Oahu
Published: 2015/08/01
Channel: Priscila Japardhana
Lihue Plantation The Last Hawaiian Sugar Train, Historical Documentary
Lihue Plantation The Last Hawaiian Sugar Train, Historical Documentary
Published: 2012/05/22
Channel: Rick Ford
Hawaiian Airlines 717 - Honolulu to Lihue
Hawaiian Airlines 717 - Honolulu to Lihue
Published: 2016/08/27
Channel: SIH Aviation
Kauai Beach Resort, Lihue, Hawaii, USA
Kauai Beach Resort, Lihue, Hawaii, USA
Published: 2016/06/14
Channel: OnlyTOP
Norad tracks santa 2002 & 2003 - Lihue, Hawaii
Norad tracks santa 2002 & 2003 - Lihue, Hawaii
Published: 2009/12/14
Channel: NoradTrackSanta01
Flight from Los Angeles (LAX), California to Lihue / Kauai (LIH) in Hawaii (Full Flight to Hawaii)
Flight from Los Angeles (LAX), California to Lihue / Kauai (LIH) in Hawaii (Full Flight to Hawaii)
Published: 2016/03/23
Channel: VolkscomCOM
Dustin Barca v. Jacob Ikaika Tampos KKC Lihue, HI
Dustin Barca v. Jacob Ikaika Tampos KKC Lihue, HI
Published: 2012/09/30
Channel: Skully Johnson
Koi fish feeding at the Marriott in Lihue Hawaii
Koi fish feeding at the Marriott in Lihue Hawaii
Published: 2009/12/29
Channel: Song Huang
Luau Kalamaku, Lihue, Hawaii HD
Luau Kalamaku, Lihue, Hawaii HD
Published: 2014/11/10
Channel: Joe Aikkaravelil
Lihue (LIH) Spotting - Hawaiian/Transair – Boeing 737-200 & More - Spotting Series Ep. 129
Lihue (LIH) Spotting - Hawaiian/Transair – Boeing 737-200 & More - Spotting Series Ep. 129
Published: 2016/09/23
Channel: Skylite Productions
Kauai Marriott Resort - Lihue Hotels, Hawaii
Kauai Marriott Resort - Lihue Hotels, Hawaii
Published: 2016/12/19
Channel: USA Hotels Directory
Nohelani Cypriano "Lihue"
Nohelani Cypriano "Lihue"
Published: 2012/02/20
Channel: Aloha Got Soul
Lihue Hawaii Helicopter ride
Lihue Hawaii Helicopter ride
Published: 2015/11/10
Channel: Jensflylife
Honolulu to Lihue Kauai Hawaiian Airlines flight
Honolulu to Lihue Kauai Hawaiian Airlines flight
Published: 2016/01/01
Channel: Tad Tamura
Alaska Airlines 855 San Diego to Lihue, Hawaii w/pip
Alaska Airlines 855 San Diego to Lihue, Hawaii w/pip
Published: 2014/03/17
Channel: Airplaneviewer
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US AIRWAYS ✈146 Landing at Lihue Hawaii
Published: 2011/05/28
Channel: Art M
Kauai All-Island Band @ Lights on Rice Street Parade, Lihue, HI (2015)
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Published: 2016/06/02
Channel: Chris Quinn
Allen Stone - A Change is Gonna Come, Solo Lihue Hawaii, 2/20/17
Allen Stone - A Change is Gonna Come, Solo Lihue Hawaii, 2/20/17
Published: 2017/02/22
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Flash Flood Wailua Falls, Lihue, Kauai, Hawaii
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Luau Kalamaku, Lihue, Hawaii HD
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Hawaiian Airlines 717 Landing In Lihue, Kauai
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Lihue, Hawaii
Census-designated place
Aerial view of Lihue
Aerial view of Lihue
Location in Kauai County and the state of Hawaii
Location in Kauai County and the state of Hawaii
Coordinates: 21°58′29″N 159°21′56″W / 21.97472°N 159.36556°W / 21.97472; -159.36556Coordinates: 21°58′29″N 159°21′56″W / 21.97472°N 159.36556°W / 21.97472; -159.36556
Country United States
State Hawaii
County Kauai
Area
 • Total 7.1 sq mi (18.4 km2)
 • Land 6.3 sq mi (16.4 km2)
 • Water 0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)
Elevation 220 ft (67 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 6,455
 • Density 898.3/sq mi (346.8/km2)
Time zone Hawaii-Aleutian (UTC-10)
ZIP code 96766
Area code(s) 808
FIPS code 15-45200
GNIS feature ID 0361837

Lihue or Līhuʻe is an unincorporated census-designated place (CDP) and the county seat of Kauai County, Hawaii. Lihue (pronounced [liːˈhuʔe]) is the second largest town on the Hawaiian island of Kauaʻi after Kapaʻa. As of the 2010 Census, the CDP had a total population of 6,455.[1]

History[edit]

In ancient times, Lihue was a minor village. Līhuʻe means "cold chill" in the Hawaiian language.[2][3] Lihue is located in the ancient district of Puna, the southeastern coast of the island, and land division (ahupuaʻa) of Kalapaki.[4] Royal Governor Kaikioʻewa officially made it his governing seat in 1837, moving it from Waimea;[5] he gave the town its name after the land he owned on Oahu by the same name.

With the emergence of the sugar industry in the 1800s, Lihue became the central city of the island with the construction of a large sugar mill. Early investors were Henry A. Peirce, Charles Reed Bishop and William Little Lee. The plantation struggled until William Harrison Rice built the first irrigation system in 1856.[6]

Subsequent plantation owner Paul Isenberg helped German people emigrate to Lihue starting in 1881, with the first Lutheran church in Hawaii founded in 1883.[7] Services were delivered in German well into the 1960s. By the 1930s, George Norton Wilcox became one of the largest sugarcane plantation owners, buying Grove Farm from Hermann A. Widemann.[8] The Wilcox family home, Kilohana, has been converted into a restaurant and gift shop. The surrounding plantation now grows crops and livestock. A narrow gauge tourist railroad with vintage diesel locomotives from Whitworth and General Electric offers tours of the plantation; horse-drawn carriage tours are offered as well. The grounds are also the site of luaus, many of which are offshore excursions booked through NCL America. Lihue also houses the Kauai Museum, which details the history of Kauai.[9]

Geography and climate[edit]

Air termography, 1929 to 2012

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 7.1 square miles (18 km2), of which, 6.3 square miles (16 km2) of it is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) of it (11.11%) is water.

Lihue has a tropical wet and dry climate zone (Köppen classification As) with a relatively dry summer season.[10] The normal monthly mean temperature ranges from 71.6 °F (22.0 °C) in February to 79.7 °F (26.5 °C) in August. On average, there are 7.7 nights annually with a low below 60 °F (16 °C), and readings of 90 °F (32 °C) or higher are quite rare, occurring on average once every eight years. Temperature records range from 46 °F (8 °C) on January 14, 1930 up to only 91 °F (33 °C) as recently as October 9, 2012. The record cool daily maximum is 67 °F (19 °C) as recently as December 19, 1981, while, conversely, the record warm daily minimum is 80 °F (27 °C) as recently as September 13, 2015.[11]

Normal annual rainfall is 37.05 inches (941 mm) spread over an average 195 days, but observed annual rainfall has ranged from 16.40 to 74.40 inches (417 to 1,890 mm) in 1983 and 1982, respectively. The wettest month on record is March 2006 with 36.13 inches (918 mm), while the most rain to occur in a single calendar day is 15.81 inches (402 mm) on May 13, 1940. The record driest month is February 1983 with trace amounts.[11]

Climate data for Lihue Airport, Hawaii (1981–2010 normals,[a] extremes 1905–present)[b]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 87
(31)
89
(32)
88
(31)
88
(31)
88
(31)
89
(32)
91
(33)
90
(32)
91
(33)
91
(33)
89
(32)
89
(32)
91
(33)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 82.7
(28.2)
82.3
(27.9)
82.4
(28)
82.2
(27.9)
83.7
(28.7)
84.7
(29.3)
86.0
(30)
86.6
(30.3)
86.9
(30.5)
86.1
(30.1)
84.1
(28.9)
82.6
(28.1)
87.6
(30.9)
Average high °F (°C) 78.0
(25.6)
77.8
(25.4)
78.4
(25.8)
79.2
(26.2)
81.2
(27.3)
83.3
(28.5)
84.2
(29)
84.7
(29.3)
84.8
(29.3)
83.4
(28.6)
80.8
(27.1)
78.8
(26)
81.2
(27.3)
Daily mean °F (°C) 71.7
(22.1)
71.6
(22)
72.7
(22.6)
74.0
(23.3)
75.8
(24.3)
78.1
(25.6)
79.1
(26.2)
79.7
(26.5)
79.4
(26.3)
78.1
(25.6)
75.8
(24.3)
73.2
(22.9)
75.77
(24.31)
Average low °F (°C) 65.5
(18.6)
65.5
(18.6)
67.0
(19.4)
68.8
(20.4)
70.4
(21.3)
73.0
(22.8)
74.1
(23.4)
74.6
(23.7)
74.1
(23.4)
72.9
(22.7)
70.8
(21.6)
67.6
(19.8)
70.4
(21.3)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 58.3
(14.6)
58.1
(14.5)
59.7
(15.4)
63.0
(17.2)
64.4
(18)
69.0
(20.6)
70.2
(21.2)
70.6
(21.4)
69.2
(20.7)
66.9
(19.4)
64.3
(17.9)
59.9
(15.5)
56.4
(13.6)
Record low °F (°C) 46
(8)
47
(8)
47
(8)
51
(11)
54
(12)
59
(15)
59
(15)
60
(16)
59
(15)
55
(13)
51
(11)
50
(10)
46
(8)
Average rainfall inches (mm) 3.75
(95.3)
3.16
(80.3)
4.61
(117.1)
2.25
(57.2)
2.07
(52.6)
1.61
(40.9)
1.87
(47.5)
2.13
(54.1)
2.12
(53.8)
3.82
(97)
4.46
(113.3)
5.20
(132.1)
37.05
(941.1)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 inch) 13.1 12.1 15.3 16.6 14.2 17.2 19.4 18.3 16.3 17.2 17.6 17.5 194.8
Average relative humidity (%) 76.1 75.4 75.3 75.2 74.9 73.5 73.9 74.0 74.1 76.2 76.8 76.5 75.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 176.2 181.7 206.5 202.8 243.6 248.3 257.9 263.3 242.1 207.7 161.4 160.7 2,552.2
Percent possible sunshine 52 57 55 53 60 61 62 66 66 58 48 48 58
Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961−1990)[11][12][13]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 5,694 people, 2,178 households, and 1,420 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 898.3 people per square mile (346.6/km²). There were 2,399 housing units at an average density of 379.8 per square mile (146.6/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 22.8% White, 49.2% Asian, 0.2% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 6.4% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, and 20.5% from two or more races. 6.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,178 households out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.8% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 22.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $44,906, and the median income for a family was $56,875 in 2000. Males had a median income of $38,713 versus $28,032 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $22,619. 4.6% of the population and 1.7% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 1.4% of those under the age of 18 and 7.3% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Transport[edit]

Lihue is served by the Lihue Airport, located in the CDP.[15] The main seaport for Kauai is at Nawiliwili Bay, directly southeast of town. Lihue is also served by, The Kauai Bus, a public bus system serving the entire island of Kauai.

Facilities[edit]

The town is home to the county administration building; Kauai's largest shopping center, Kukui Grove Shopping Center, which houses the island's only big department store, Macy's; and several big-box stores including K-Mart, Wal-Mart, Home Depot and Costco. There are also several car dealerships, movie theaters and restaurants.

Education[edit]

Lihue is home to Kauai Community College, part of the University of Hawaii system.

Lihue is also served by the Hawaii Department of Education. Two K-5 elementary schools — Wilcox Elementary School in Lihue, and Kaumualii Elementary School in downtown Hanamaulu, Hawaii — serve the area. All of the area is zoned to Kamakahelei Middle School and Kauai High School.

Island School, a private pre-kindergarten to 12 school, is also located in Lihue.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.
  2. ^ Records are based on data under "Lihue Area"

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ Mary Kawena Pukui, Samuel Hoyt Elbert and Esther T. Mookini (2004). "lookup of Lihue ". in Place Names of Hawai'i. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii Press. Retrieved September 24, 2010. 
  3. ^ Lloyd J. Soehren (2010). "lookup of Lihue ". in Hawaiian Place Names. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library. Retrieved September 24, 2010. 
  4. ^ Lloyd J. Soehren (2010). "lookup of Lihue ". in Hawaiian Place Names. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library. Retrieved September 24, 2010. 
  5. ^ Daniel Harrington. "Līhuʻe". Hawaiian Encyclopedia. Mutual Publishing. Retrieved 2010-04-12. 
  6. ^ "Lihue Plantation Company History (Kauai)". Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association Plantation Archives. University of Hawaii at Mānoa Library. 2004. Retrieved September 17, 2010. 
  7. ^ "Our History & Heritage". official web page. Lihue Lutheran Church. Retrieved September 24, 2010. 
  8. ^ "History". Grove Farm web site. Retrieved September 17, 2010. 
  9. ^ "Kauaʻi Museum". official web site. Retrieved September 17, 2010. 
  10. ^ Kottek, M.; Grieser, J. R.; Beck, C.; Rudolf, B.; Rubel, F. (2006). "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated" (PDF). Meteorol. Z. 15 (3): 259–263. doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2006/0130. 
  11. ^ a b c "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 11 March 2015. 
  12. ^ "HI Lihue WSO AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 11 March 2015. 
  13. ^ "WMO climate normals for Lihue, Kauai, HI 1961−1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 11 March 2015. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  15. ^ "Lihue CDP, Hawaii Archived 2011-11-19 at the Wayback Machine.." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 21, 2009.

External links[edit]

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