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Brahma murari surarchita lingam : Shiva Ganga Stotra Devotional Video Song
Brahma murari surarchita lingam : Shiva Ganga Stotra Devotional Video Song
Published: 2012/04/13
Channel: Vega Music
Unknown Facts About  Maha Shivaratri | Orginal  Shiva Lingam
Unknown Facts About Maha Shivaratri | Orginal Shiva Lingam
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Channel: Telugu Politics
Lingam
Lingam
Published: 2013/10/28
Channel: Bharath Gyan
Lingam _ இலிங்கம்
Lingam _ இலிங்கம்
Published: 2015/07/27
Channel: sivayogi
Best Of Lingam - Ajay Devgn || Shudh Desi Endings
Best Of Lingam - Ajay Devgn || Shudh Desi Endings
Published: 2017/10/07
Channel: Shudh Desi Endings
சிவ லிங்கம்  (shiva lingam)
சிவ லிங்கம் (shiva lingam)
Published: 2017/09/05
Channel: VASI
Meaning Behind the Shiva Linga
Meaning Behind the Shiva Linga
Published: 2016/06/15
Channel: THAT IS IMPOSSIBLE
ONLY IN THAILAND - LINGAM. (keep it, not use it)
ONLY IN THAILAND - LINGAM. (keep it, not use it)
Published: 2011/06/07
Channel: Richard Sly
పచ్చి బూతు లాగ కనిపించే శివ లింగ రూపానికి అసలైన రహశ్యం ఇదే | Unknown Real Fact of Shiva Lingam
పచ్చి బూతు లాగ కనిపించే శివ లింగ రూపానికి అసలైన రహశ్యం ఇదే | Unknown Real Fact of Shiva Lingam
Published: 2017/01/16
Channel: Viral Bird
Shiva Lingam - Pandit Rajin
Shiva Lingam - Pandit Rajin
Published: 2011/08/17
Channel: KALiDEVOtEEx3
Throwing A Lingam
Throwing A Lingam
Published: 2009/10/09
Channel: brookfieldpottery
How To Work With Crystals: Shiva Lingam
How To Work With Crystals: Shiva Lingam
Published: 2017/06/22
Channel: Krista Mitchell
Sri Sathya Sai Baba Shivaratri 2002 Hiranyagarbha Lingam
Sri Sathya Sai Baba Shivaratri 2002 Hiranyagarbha Lingam
Published: 2011/03/09
Channel: aadmia
The Shiva Lingam Stone and why you should own one ♥
The Shiva Lingam Stone and why you should own one ♥
Published: 2013/05/14
Channel: dreamingofavalon
Bahubali Siva lingam video song
Bahubali Siva lingam video song
Published: 2016/12/27
Channel: G Sridevi
Shiv Lingam
Shiv Lingam
Published: 2013/12/07
Channel: Om Swami
Real Snake On Shiva Lingam | Snake On Lord Shiva | Eshanya Media
Real Snake On Shiva Lingam | Snake On Lord Shiva | Eshanya Media
Published: 2017/08/10
Channel: Eshanya Media
Real Meaning of Shiva Lingam Symbol | Garikapati Narasimha Rao Pravachanalu | TV5 News
Real Meaning of Shiva Lingam Symbol | Garikapati Narasimha Rao Pravachanalu | TV5 News
Published: 2017/02/27
Channel: TV5 News
Siva Lingam MYSTERY | Unknown Facts About SIVA LINGAM Revealed in Telugu | Vikram Aditya | EP#77
Siva Lingam MYSTERY | Unknown Facts About SIVA LINGAM Revealed in Telugu | Vikram Aditya | EP#77
Published: 2017/09/28
Channel: Vikram Aditya
Lingam & Yoni
Lingam & Yoni
Published: 2012/03/31
Channel: Acrimage
Shiva Lingam cascade de glace alpinisme Glacier d
Shiva Lingam cascade de glace alpinisme Glacier d'Argentière Chamonix Mont-Blanc - 11479
Published: 2017/02/26
Channel: tvmountain
Siva Lingam | Sivan Songs Tamil | Vani Jairam | Shivarathri Songs | Tamil Bakthi Padalgal
Siva Lingam | Sivan Songs Tamil | Vani Jairam | Shivarathri Songs | Tamil Bakthi Padalgal
Published: 2017/02/23
Channel: Bhakti Maalai
India
India's Oldest Lingam - Evidence of Ancient Machining Technology?
Published: 2017/08/19
Channel: Phenomenal Travel Videos
Ärapanija 2016 - Sõõrumaa lingam-massaaž
Ärapanija 2016 - Sõõrumaa lingam-massaaž
Published: 2017/01/02
Channel: Eesti Rahvusringhääling
మరగత లింగాన్ని ఇలా పూజిస్తే పటిందల బంగారమే | mana nidhi | maragatha lingam
మరగత లింగాన్ని ఇలా పూజిస్తే పటిందల బంగారమే | mana nidhi | maragatha lingam
Published: 2017/08/15
Channel: Mana Nidhi
Jornada das Pedras - Lingam Shiva
Jornada das Pedras - Lingam Shiva
Published: 2016/09/08
Channel: Viajante Estelar Janus O Guardião
ఇంట్లోఉన్నశివలింగానికి ఇలా చేయండి | Shiva Pooja Vidhanam | Intlo Shiva Lingam Undavacha | Lord Shiva
ఇంట్లోఉన్నశివలింగానికి ఇలా చేయండి | Shiva Pooja Vidhanam | Intlo Shiva Lingam Undavacha | Lord Shiva
Published: 2018/02/22
Channel: Pooja TV Telugu
Marakata lingam
Marakata lingam
Published: 2011/02/28
Channel: Hanuman Hoffman
Maha Shiv Ratri 2018 | Brahma Murari Surarchita Lingam | LINGASTAKAM
Maha Shiv Ratri 2018 | Brahma Murari Surarchita Lingam | LINGASTAKAM
Published: 2017/02/24
Channel: Suprabha KV
(NEW) Lingashtakam ( Great Prayer to The Eternal Lingam )
(NEW) Lingashtakam ( Great Prayer to The Eternal Lingam )
Published: 2009/10/31
Channel: thebless4ever
"HINDHU HATER" JOHN BENNY  LINGAM {KOTHEM] HILARIOUS SPOOF
"HINDHU HATER" JOHN BENNY LINGAM {KOTHEM] HILARIOUS SPOOF
Published: 2017/07/19
Channel: జై తెలుగు తల్లి
Most Mysterious Shiva Temple in India/ Shiva Lingam/Mysterious Facts Telugu
Most Mysterious Shiva Temple in India/ Shiva Lingam/Mysterious Facts Telugu
Published: 2017/07/17
Channel: Mana Telugu Rahasyam-Facts
ఇంట్లో శివలింగం ఉంటే ఈ నియమం పాటించండి..| Siva Lingam | Dharma Sandhehalu | Pooja TV Telugu
ఇంట్లో శివలింగం ఉంటే ఈ నియమం పాటించండి..| Siva Lingam | Dharma Sandhehalu | Pooja TV Telugu
Published: 2017/08/14
Channel: Pooja TV Telugu
Wonderful incident - snake on lord shiva lingam abhishekam..
Wonderful incident - snake on lord shiva lingam abhishekam..
Published: 2017/06/20
Channel: masana ramesh
natural narmadeswar shiva lingam stone in narmada river mob. 09977733198
natural narmadeswar shiva lingam stone in narmada river mob. 09977733198
Published: 2015/01/04
Channel: JAGDISH KEWAT
Shiva lingam in Home | Chirravuri foundation |
Shiva lingam in Home | Chirravuri foundation |
Published: 2016/09/15
Channel: CHIRRAVURI FOUNDATION
పురుష అంగాన్ని పోలి ఉండే ఏడు అడుగుల శివ లింగం | OLDEST SHIVA LINGAM |GUDIMALLAM LORD SHIVA TEMPLE |
పురుష అంగాన్ని పోలి ఉండే ఏడు అడుగుల శివ లింగం | OLDEST SHIVA LINGAM |GUDIMALLAM LORD SHIVA TEMPLE |
Published: 2016/11/21
Channel: Bhakthi Channel - Bhakthi TV
Lingam Sivalingam | Lord Shiva Songs | S.P.Balasubramanyam
Lingam Sivalingam | Lord Shiva Songs | S.P.Balasubramanyam
Published: 2014/11/19
Channel: Times Music South
yama lingam tiruvannamalai
yama lingam tiruvannamalai
Published: 2016/12/30
Channel: ps k
Mysterious Moving Shiva Lingam || కదిలే శివలింగం వెనుక అంతుచిక్కని రహస్యం || With Subtitles
Mysterious Moving Shiva Lingam || కదిలే శివలింగం వెనుక అంతుచిక్కని రహస్యం || With Subtitles
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: Planet Leaf
Is Kaaba in Mecca actually a lord Shiva Lingam?
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Published: 2012/12/22
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Pazha Karuppaiah Open talk about lingam ! Ultimate speech
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పాదరస శివలింగాన్ని పూజించే వారికి
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SHIVA LINGAM MEANING
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Oldest Shiva Lingam In The World And India || Telugu Masti
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Miracle In Lord Shiva Temple | Milk Emerges Around The Shiva Lingam | TV5 News
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Cheeryal lingam gurusway ayyappa songs (ssmbajans.com)
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Somnath Temple MYSTERY | Unknown Facts About SIVA LINGAM Revealed in Telugu | Vikram Aditya | EP#78
Somnath Temple MYSTERY | Unknown Facts About SIVA LINGAM Revealed in Telugu | Vikram Aditya | EP#78
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What is the real meaning of Shiva lingam in Hinduism  శివ లింగం ఎలా ఏర్పడింది శివలింగం అర్థం ఏంటి |
What is the real meaning of Shiva lingam in Hinduism శివ లింగం ఎలా ఏర్పడింది శివలింగం అర్థం ఏంటి |
Published: 2017/07/18
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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A Shiva lingam in Abu, Rajasthan, India

Lingam (Sanskrit: लिंगम्, IAST: liṅgaṃ, .lit sign, symbol or mark), linga, Shiva linga, ling or Shiva ling, is an abstract or aniconic representation of the Hindu deity, Shiva, used for worship in temples, smaller shrines, or as self-manifested natural objects.[1][2] In traditional Indian society, the linga is seen as a symbol of the energy and potential of Shiva himself.[3][4]

The lingam is often represented as resting on yoni (Sanskrit word, lit. "origin" or "source"[5], "vulva"[6]), a symbol of Goddess Durga[7] in Hinduism.

Definition[edit]

A 10th-century four-headed stone lingam (Mukhalinga) from Nepal

The lingam is a column-like or oval (egg-shaped) symbol of Shiva, the Formless All-pervasive Reality, made of stone, metal, or clay. The Shiva Linga is a symbol of Lord Shiva – a mark that reminds of the Omnipotent Lord, which is formless.[8] In Shaivite Hindu temples, the linga is a smooth cylindrical mass symbolising Shiva. It is found at the centre of the temple, often resting in the middle of a rimmed, disc-shaped structure, a representation of Shakti.[3] There is an inclination to reduce the Shiva linga and Shakti yoni, the two main Tantric symbols of ascending and descending forces – which are often represented by upright conical stones for the Shiva linga and ring stones or basis for the Shakti yoni – to merely the male and female sex organs, which is but one of their many reflections, and their erotic glorification. There is a tradition of Tantric sexuality of mithuna which uses sacred sex as part of Yoga practice. But it is not the only practice of Tantric Yoga, much less the highest, and when done is integrated into a much larger array of practices.[citation needed]

Origin[edit]

Lingodbhava Shiva: God Shiva appears as in an infinite Linga fire-pillar, as Vishnu as Varaha tries to find the bottom of the Linga while Brahma tries to find its top. This infinite pillar conveys the infinite nature of Shiva.[9]

Terracotta Shiva Linga figurines found in excavations at Indus Valley Civilization site of Kalibangan and other sites provide evidence of early Shiva Linga worship from circa 3500 BCE to 2300 BCE.[10][11]

Anthropologist Christopher John Fuller wrote that although most sculpted images (murtis) are anthropomorphic, the aniconic Shiva Linga is an important exception.[12] Some believe that linga-worship was a feature of indigenous Indian religion.[13]

There is a hymn in the Atharvaveda that praises a pillar (Sanskrit: stambha), and this is one possible origin of linga worship.[13] Some associate Shiva-Linga with this Yupa-Stambha, the sacrificial post. In the hymn, a description is found of the beginning-less and endless Stambha or Skambha, and it is shown that the said Skambha is put in place of the eternal Brahman. The Yupa-Skambha gave place in time to the Shiva-Linga.[14][15] In the Linga Purana the same hymn is expanded in the shape of stories meant to establish the glory of the great Stambha and the supreme nature of Mahâdeva (the Great God, Shiva).[15]

The Hindu scripture Shiva Purana describes the origin of the lingam, known as Shiva-linga, as the beginning-less and endless cosmic pillar (Stambha) of fire, the cause of all causes.[16] Lord Shiva is pictured as emerging from the Lingam – the cosmic pillar of fire – proving his superiority over the gods Brahma and Vishnu.[9] This is known as Lingodbhava. The Linga Purana also supports this interpretation of lingam as a cosmic pillar, symbolizing the infinite nature of Shiva.[9][14][15][17] According to the Linga Purana, the lingam is a complete symbolic representation of the formless Universe Bearer – the oval-shaped stone is the symbol of the Universe, and the bottom base represents the Supreme Power that holds the entire Universe in it.[18] A similar interpretation is also found in the Skanda Purana: "The endless sky (that great void which contains the entire universe) is the Linga, the Earth is its base. At the end of time the entire universe and all the Gods finally merge in the Linga itself." [19] In yogic lore, the linga is considered the first form to arise when creation occurs, and also the last form before the dissolution of creation. It is therefore seen as an access to Shiva or that which lies beyond physical creation.[20] In the Mahabharata, at the end of Dwaraka Yuga, Lord Shiva says to his desciples that in the coming Kali Yuga, He would not appear in any particular form, but instead as the formless and omnipresent.

Historical period[edit]

Mural painting depicting Shiva with the Lingam in the Palace of Mehrangarh Fort, Jodhpur.

According to Shaiva Siddhanta, which was for many centuries the dominant school of Shaiva theology and liturgy across the Indian subcontinent (and beyond it in Cambodia), the linga is the ideal substrate in which the worshipper should install and worship the five-faced and ten-armed Sadāśiva, the form of Shiva who is the focal divinity of that school of Shaivism.[21]

The oldest example of a lingam that is still used for worship is in Gudimallam. It dates to the 2nd century BC.[22] A figure of Shiva is carved into the front of the lingam.[23]

The lingam is the considered to be the primordial representation of pure form devoid of energy.

However in the last 100 years, there has been a concerted effort to link Hindu religious symbols to misplaced Western notions of the nearly banned Tantric practices, including imagining the Lingam as a representation of a sexual organ to promote other religions and show Hinduism in poor light as something barbaric and primitive.

Making of Lingam according to Scriptures[edit]

The Saiva Agamas says "one can worship this Great God Shiva in the form of a Lingam made of mud or sand, of cow dung or wood, of bronze or black granite stone. But the purest and most sought-after form is the quartz crystal (Sphatika), a natural stone not carved by man but made by nature, gathered molecule by molecule over hundreds, thousands or millions of years, grown as a living body grows, but infinitely more slowly. Such a creation of nature is itself a miracle worthy of worship."[24][25] Hindu scripture rates crystal as the highest form of Siva Lingam[26].

Lingam in the cave at Amarnath
Spatika(quartz) lingam illuminated by laser at Kadavul temple.

Naturally occurring Lingams[edit]

An ice lingam at Amarnath in the western Himalayas forms every winter from ice dripping on the floor of a cave and freezing like a stalagmite. It is very popular with pilgrims.[27].

In Kadavul temple, a 700-pound, 3-foot-tall, naturally formed Spatika(quartz) Lingam is installed. In future this crystal linagm will be housed in the Iraivan Temple. it is claimed as among the largest known sphatika(Quartz) self formed lingams. [28] [29]Hindu scripture rates crystal as the highest form of Siva Lingam[30].

Shivling, 6,543 metres (21,467 ft), is a mountain in Uttarakhand (the Garhwal region of Himalayas). It arises as a sheer pyramid above the snout of the Gangotri Glacier. The mountain resembles a Shiva linga when viewed from certain angles, especially when travelling or trekking from Gangotri to Gomukh as part of a traditional Hindu pilgrimage.

A lingam is also the basis for the formation legend (and name) of the Borra Caves in Andhra Pradesh.[31]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Johnson, W.J. (2009). A dictionary of Hinduism (1st ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780191726705. Retrieved 5 January 2016. (Subscription required (help)). (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  2. ^ Fowler, Jeaneane (1997). Hinduism : beliefs and practices. Brighton [u.a.]: Sussex Acad. Press. pp. 42–43. ISBN 9781898723608. 
  3. ^ a b "lingam". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2010. 
  4. ^ Sivananda (1996). Lord Siva and His Worship. Worship of Siva Linga: The Divine Life Trust Society. ISBN 81-7052-025-8. 
  5. ^ "Sanskrit Wiktionary for Yoni". Sanskrit Wiktionary. Retrieved 17 August 2017. 
  6. ^ Jones, Constance; Ryan, James D. (2006). Encyclopedia of Hinduism. Infobase publishing. p. 156. ISBN 0816075646. 
  7. ^ Zimmer, Heinrich Robert (1946). Campbell, Joseph, ed. Myths and symbols in Indian art and civilization. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. p. 126. ISBN 0-691-01778-6. But the basic and most common object of worship in Shiva shrines is the lingam. 
  8. ^ Das, Subhamoy. "What is Shiva Linga?". About.com. Retrieved 8 February 2017. 
  9. ^ a b c Blurton, T. R. (1992). "Stone statue of Shiva as Lingodbhava". Extract from Hindu art (London, The British Museum Press). British Museum site. Retrieved 2 July 2010. 
  10. ^ Tanga, Surbhi Gupta (August 2016). "Call for an International Museum & Research Center for Harrapan Civilization, at Rakhigarhi" (PDF). INTACH Haryana newsletter. Haryana State Chapter of INTACH: 33–34. 
  11. ^ Lipner, Julius J. (2017). Hindu Images and Their Worship with Special Reference to Vaisnavism: A Philosophical-theological Inquiry. London ; New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. p. 39. ISBN 9781351967822. OCLC 985345208. 
  12. ^ The Camphor Flame: Popular Hinduism and society in India, pg. 58 at Books.Google.com
  13. ^ a b Singh, Nagendra Kr. (1997). Encyclopaedia of Hinduism (1st ed.). New Delhi: Centre for International Religious Studies. p. 1567. ISBN 9788174881687. 
  14. ^ a b Harding, Elizabeth U. (1998). "God, the Father". Kali: The Black Goddess of Dakshineswar. Motilal Banarsidass. pp. 156–157. ISBN 978-81-208-1450-9. 
  15. ^ a b c Vivekananda, Swami. "The Paris Congress of the History of Religions". The Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda. Vol.4. 
  16. ^ Chaturvedi. Shiv Purana (2006 ed.). Diamond Pocket Books. p. 11. ISBN 978-81-7182-721-3. 
  17. ^ "The linga Purana". astrojyoti. Retrieved 10 April 2012. . It was almost as if the linga had emerged to settle Brahma and Vishnu’s dispute. The linga rose way up into the sky and it seemed to have no beginning or end. 
  18. ^ Sivananda, Swami (1996). "Worship of Siva Linga". Lord Siva and His Worship. The Divine Life Trust Society. 
  19. ^ "Reading the Vedic Literature in Sanskrit". is1.mum.edu. Retrieved 2 June 2017. 
  20. ^ "Linga – A Doorway to No-thing". 18 July 2013. Retrieved 11 April 2014. 
  21. ^ Dominic Goodall, Nibedita Rout, R. Sathyanarayanan, S.A.S. Sarma, T. Ganesan and S. Sambandhasivacarya, The Pañcāvaraṇastava of Aghoraśivācārya: A twelfth-century South Indian prescription for the visualisation of Sadāśiva and his retinue, Pondicherry, French Institute of Pondicherry and Ecole française d'Extréme-Orient, 2005, p.12.
  22. ^ Klostermaier, Klaus K. (2007). A Survey of Hinduism (3. ed.). Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press. p. 111. ISBN 978-0-7914-7082-4. 
  23. ^ Elgood, Heather (2000). Hinduism and the Religious Arts. London: Cassell. p. 47. ISBN 978-0-8264-9865-6. 
  24. ^ "A Clear Crystal Vision: The Story of Iraivan's Lingam". himalayanacademy. 
  25. ^ "Gurudeva Siva Vision Day". himalayanacademy. 
  26. ^ "rare crystal lingam". 
  27. ^ "Amarnath: Journey to the shrine of a Hindu god". July 13, 2012. 
  28. ^ under the section "GENERAL INTRODUCTION". "Kadavul Hindu Temple". Himalayanacademy. 
  29. ^ "Iraivan Temple In the News". 
  30. ^ "Rare Crystal Siva Lingam Arrives At Hawaii Temple". hinduismtoday. 
  31. ^ "BORRA CAVES". Arakuvalleytourism. section = LEGEND. 

Sources[edit]

  • Basham, A. L. The Wonder That Was India: A survey of the culture of the Indian Sub-Continent before the coming of the Muslims, Grove Press, Inc., New York (1954; Evergreen Edition 1959).
  • Schumacher, Stephan and Woerner, Gert. The Encyclopedia of Eastern Philosophy and Religion, Buddhism, Taoism, Zen, Hinduism, Shambhala, Boston, (1994) ISBN 0-87773-980-3.
  • Chakravarti, Mahadev. The Concept of Rudra-Śiva Through the Ages, Delhi: Motilal Banarasidass (1986), ISBN 8120800532.
  • Davis, Richard H. (1992). Ritual in an Oscillating Universe: Worshipping Śiva in Medieval India. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. ISBN 9780691073866. 
  • Drabu, V.N. Śaivāgamas: A Study in the Socio-economic Ideas and Institutions of Kashmir (200 B.C. to A.D. 700), New Delhi: Indus Publishing (1990), ISBN 8185182388.
  • Ram Karan Sharma. Śivasahasranāmāṣṭakam: Eight Collections of Hymns Containing One Thousand and Eight Names of Śiva. With Introduction and Śivasahasranāmākoṣa (A Dictionary of Names). (Nag Publishers: Delhi, 1996). ISBN 81-7081-350-6. This work compares eight versions of the Śivasahasranāmāstotra. The preface and introduction (in English) by Ram Karan Sharma provide an analysis of how the eight versions compare with one another. The text of the eight versions is given in Sanskrit.
  • Kramrisch, Stella (1988). The Presence of Siva. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. ISBN 9788120804913. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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