Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
What is LINGUISTIC DESCRIPTION? What does LINGUISTIC DESCRIPTION mean
What is LINGUISTIC DESCRIPTION? What does LINGUISTIC DESCRIPTION mean
Published: 2017/03/15
Channel: The Audiopedia
What is Linguistics? | Definition and Branches of Linguistics
What is Linguistics? | Definition and Branches of Linguistics
Published: 2016/11/19
Channel: English Literature Hub
Linguistic description
Linguistic description
Published: 2016/08/31
Channel: WikiWikiup
Linguistic description
Linguistic description
Published: 2015/12/15
Channel: Audiopedia
Descriptive and Prescriptive Grammar
Descriptive and Prescriptive Grammar
Published: 2014/09/17
Channel: The Ling Space
IDA2015 Video Prize Winner - Linguistic Description of Patterns
IDA2015 Video Prize Winner - Linguistic Description of Patterns
Published: 2015/10/26
Channel: IDA - Intelligent Data Analysis
Class Description - Linguistic Fieldwork
Class Description - Linguistic Fieldwork
Published: 2012/02/27
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
Does language shape how we think? Linguistic relativity & linguistic determinism -- Linguistics 101
Does language shape how we think? Linguistic relativity & linguistic determinism -- Linguistics 101
Published: 2013/04/26
Channel: NativLang
Introduction to Articulatory Phonetics (Consonants)
Introduction to Articulatory Phonetics (Consonants)
Published: 2015/01/28
Channel: Ubc VISIBLE SPEECH
Introduction to Linguistics
Introduction to Linguistics
Published: 2013/06/19
Channel: paeselb
The Concept of Language (Noam Chomsky)
The Concept of Language (Noam Chomsky)
Published: 2014/03/13
Channel: UWTV
Linguistic Descriptivism
Linguistic Descriptivism
Published: 2011/12/16
Channel: FloridaLinguistics
Phonemes & Allophones
Phonemes & Allophones
Published: 2014/09/17
Channel: Evan Ashworth
FBI Careers: Linguist
FBI Careers: Linguist
Published: 2016/11/01
Channel: fbi
What Job Can I do With Foreign Language Skills?
What Job Can I do With Foreign Language Skills?
Published: 2016/03/20
Channel: Langfocus
Introduction to Articulatory Phonetics (Vowels)
Introduction to Articulatory Phonetics (Vowels)
Published: 2015/02/04
Channel: Ubc VISIBLE SPEECH
Linguistic description Top # 6 Facts
Linguistic description Top # 6 Facts
Published: 2015/11/05
Channel: Trisha Jignesh
Good Grammar, Bad Grammar - prescriptivism vs. descriptivism -- Linguistics 101
Good Grammar, Bad Grammar - prescriptivism vs. descriptivism -- Linguistics 101
Published: 2013/09/06
Channel: NativLang
[Introduction to Linguistics] (OLD) Derivational and Inflectional Morphemes, Morphological Changes
[Introduction to Linguistics] (OLD) Derivational and Inflectional Morphemes, Morphological Changes
Published: 2015/03/15
Channel: TheTrevTutor
GEN102 - Language and Linguistics
GEN102 - Language and Linguistics
Published: 2012/05/23
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
There
There's Nothing Wrong With Saying "10 Items or Less": Descriptivism vs Prescriptivism
Published: 2013/06/21
Channel: Tom Scott
Class Description - Linguistic Engineering: Linguistics and the Web
Class Description - Linguistic Engineering: Linguistics and the Web
Published: 2012/05/22
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
Linguistic Sound Production Process Description of Phonetics
Linguistic Sound Production Process Description of Phonetics
Published: 2016/12/21
Channel: fernando saputro
Linguistic Sound Production Process and Description of Linguistic Sounds
Linguistic Sound Production Process and Description of Linguistic Sounds
Published: 2016/12/23
Channel: Prasetyo Adi
pMOOC Description: Linguistics 101 - Fundamentals
pMOOC Description: Linguistics 101 - Fundamentals
Published: 2015/09/15
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
PSY101 - Psycholinguistics - An Overview
PSY101 - Psycholinguistics - An Overview
Published: 2012/02/24
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
What is LEXICON? What does LEXICON mean? LEXICON meaning & definition - How to pronounce LEXICON?
What is LEXICON? What does LEXICON mean? LEXICON meaning & definition - How to pronounce LEXICON?
Published: 2017/01/20
Channel: The Audiopedia
World
World's Most Complicated Writing System (corrections in the description)
Published: 2014/02/24
Channel: Xidnaf
What is LINGUISTIC UNIVERSAL? What does LINGUISTIC UNIVERSAL mean? LINGUISTIC UNIVERSAL meaning
What is LINGUISTIC UNIVERSAL? What does LINGUISTIC UNIVERSAL mean? LINGUISTIC UNIVERSAL meaning
Published: 2017/01/26
Channel: The Audiopedia
World
World's Easiest Writing System: Origin of Hangul (corrections in the description)
Published: 2014/01/27
Channel: Xidnaf
Master
Master's programme in Linguistics
Published: 2015/03/11
Channel: Radboud University
Writing a Descriptive Paragraph
Writing a Descriptive Paragraph
Published: 2011/04/26
Channel: LearningEngineer.com
What Is Descriptivism In Linguistics?
What Is Descriptivism In Linguistics?
Published: 2017/09/03
Channel: I Question You
APPLIED LINGUISTICS PRESENTATION
APPLIED LINGUISTICS PRESENTATION
Published: 2015/08/12
Channel: Viviana Aguilar
What Is The Linguistic Context?
What Is The Linguistic Context?
Published: 2017/09/03
Channel: Last Question
Pronunciation Tutorial 3: English Vowels and the International Phonetic Alphabet
Pronunciation Tutorial 3: English Vowels and the International Phonetic Alphabet
Published: 2012/05/06
Channel: Fluent Forever – Learn Any Language
Prof. Lutz Marten (SOAS): Linguistic Variation, Language Contact and the New Comparative Bantu
Prof. Lutz Marten (SOAS): Linguistic Variation, Language Contact and the New Comparative Bantu
Published: 2013/04/23
Channel: SOAS University of London
Prescriptive vs. Descriptive Grammar
Prescriptive vs. Descriptive Grammar
Published: 2012/07/29
Channel: TheGrammarLab
Generative Syntax 1.1: Prescriptive and Descriptive Rules
Generative Syntax 1.1: Prescriptive and Descriptive Rules
Published: 2015/06/28
Channel: Linguistics and English Language at the University of Edinburgh
PHO120 - Sound Waves
PHO120 - Sound Waves
Published: 2013/08/27
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
Description of the CEFR – Level B2– EN
Description of the CEFR – Level B2– EN
Published: 2015/08/17
Channel: European Commission
Description of the CEFR – Level C – EN
Description of the CEFR – Level C – EN
Published: 2015/08/17
Channel: European Commission
Linguistic variables and linguistic values for a more complex washing machine, 23/3/2015
Linguistic variables and linguistic values for a more complex washing machine, 23/3/2015
Published: 2015/03/24
Channel: Lutfi Al-Sharif The University of Jordan
PHO107 - Basic Segments of Speech (Vowels I)
PHO107 - Basic Segments of Speech (Vowels I)
Published: 2012/06/12
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
Linguistic Tourism -  Speak Greek and Get Discounts
Linguistic Tourism - Speak Greek and Get Discounts
Published: 2013/12/12
Channel: Glossopolis OnlineLanguageCourses
Linguistic Intuition: The "ASL GUT"
Linguistic Intuition: The "ASL GUT"
Published: 2010/06/10
Channel: Don Grushkin
58 and other Confusing Numbers - Numberphile
58 and other Confusing Numbers - Numberphile
Published: 2015/03/06
Channel: Numberphile
TYP111 - Language Universals
TYP111 - Language Universals
Published: 2012/11/26
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
The Linguistics of Arrival
The Linguistics of Arrival
Published: 2016/11/16
Channel: The Ling Space
Description of the CEFR – Level A1 – EN
Description of the CEFR – Level A1 – EN
Published: 2015/08/17
Channel: European Commission
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

In the study of language, description or descriptive linguistics is the work of objectively analyzing and describing how language is actually used (or how it was used in the past) by a group of people in a speech community.

All academic research in linguistics is descriptive; like all other sciences, its aim is to describe the linguistic world as it is, without the bias of preconceived ideas about how it ought to be.[1] Modern descriptive linguistics is based on a structural approach to language, as exemplified in the work of Leonard Bloomfield and others.[not verified in body]

Linguistic description is often contrasted with linguistic prescription, which is found especially in education and in publishing. Prescription seeks to define standard language forms and give advice on effective language use, and can be thought of as a presentation of the fruits of descriptive research in a learnable form, though it also draws on more subjective aspects of language aesthetics. Prescription and description are complementary, but have different priorities and sometimes are seen to be in conflict. Descriptivism is the belief that description is more significant or important to teach, study, and practice than prescription.

Description[edit]

As English-linguist Larry Andrews describes it, descriptive grammar is the linguistic approach that studies what a language is like, as opposed to prescriptive, which declares what a language should be like.[2] In other words, descriptive grammarians focus analysis on how all sorts of people in all sorts of environments, usually in more casual, everyday settings, communicate, while prescriptive grammarians focus on the grammatical rules and structures predetermined by linguistic registers and figures of power for those who are under the control of said authorities to use. An example Andrews uses in his book is fewer than vs less than.[3] A descriptive grammarian would state that both statements are correct, as long as the receiver of the message can understand the meaning behind the statement. A prescriptive grammarian, on the other hand, would analyze the rules and conventions behind the statements made and determine which statement is correct according to those rules. Andrews also believes that although the majority of linguists would be descriptive grammarians, the majority of public school teachers tend to be prescriptive.[4]

Challenges[edit]

Accurate description of real speech is a difficult problem, and linguists have often been reduced to approximations. Almost all linguistic theory has its origin in practical problems of descriptive linguistics. Phonology (and its theoretical developments, such as the phoneme) deals with the function and interpretation of sound in language. Syntax has developed to describe the rules concerning how words relate to each other in order to form sentences. Lexicology collects "words" and their derivations and transformations: it has not given rise to much generalized theory.

An extreme "mentalist" viewpoint denies that the linguistic description of a language can be done by anyone but a competent speaker. Such speakers have internalized something called "linguistic competence", which gives them the ability to extrapolate correctly from their experience new but correct expressions, and to reject expressions which do not convey meaning in the way the speaker intends. For example, an expression could be ambiguous, possibly leading to several different interpretations by the listener. Depending on the speaker's intent, ambiguity can be desirable (as in jokes and other humor) or not.[citation needed]

A linguistic description is considered descriptively adequate if it achieves one or more of the following goals of descriptive linguistics:

  1. A description of the phonology of the language in question.
  2. A description of the morphology of words belonging to that language.
  3. A description of the syntax of well-formed sentences of that language.
  4. A description of lexical derivation.
  5. A documentation of the vocabulary, including at least one thousand entries.
  6. A reproduction of a few genuine texts.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kordić, Snježana (2010). Jezik i nacionalizam [Language and Nationalism] (PDF). Rotulus Universitas (in Serbo-Croatian). Zagreb: Durieux. p. 60. ISBN 978-953-188-311-5. LCCN 2011520778. OCLC 729837512. OL 15270636W. COBISS 13436977. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 July 2012. Retrieved 11 August 2015. 
  2. ^ Andrews, Larry (2006). Language Exploration and Awareness: A Resource Book for Teachers. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates, Inc., Publishers. p. 25. ISBN 0-8058-4308-6. 
  3. ^ Andrews, Larry (2006). Language Exploration and Awareness: A Resource Book for Teachers. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates, Inc., Publishers. p. 26. ISBN 0-8058-4308-6. 
  4. ^ Andrews, Larry (2006). Language Exploration and Awareness: A Resource Book for Teachers. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates, Inc., Publishers. p. 26. ISBN 0-8058-4308-6. 

Bibliography[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license