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What is LINGUISTIC DESCRIPTION? What does LINGUISTIC DESCRIPTION mean
What is LINGUISTIC DESCRIPTION? What does LINGUISTIC DESCRIPTION mean
Published: 2017/03/15
Channel: The Audiopedia
Linguistic description
Linguistic description
Published: 2015/12/15
Channel: Audiopedia
IDA2015 Video Prize Winner - Linguistic Description of Patterns
IDA2015 Video Prize Winner - Linguistic Description of Patterns
Published: 2015/10/26
Channel: IDA - Intelligent Data Analysis
What is Linguistics? | Definition and Branches of Linguistics
What is Linguistics? | Definition and Branches of Linguistics
Published: 2016/11/19
Channel: English Literature Hub
World
World's Easiest Writing System: Origin of Hangul (corrections in the description)
Published: 2014/01/27
Channel: Xidnaf
Linguistic description
Linguistic description
Published: 2016/08/31
Channel: WikiWikiup
Fantastic Features We Don
Fantastic Features We Don't Have In The English Language
Published: 2013/05/31
Channel: Tom Scott
There
There's Nothing Wrong With Saying "10 Items or Less": Descriptivism vs Prescriptivism
Published: 2013/06/21
Channel: Tom Scott
Class Description - Linguistic Fieldwork
Class Description - Linguistic Fieldwork
Published: 2012/02/27
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
[Introduction to Linguistics] (OLD) Derivational and Inflectional Morphemes, Morphological Changes
[Introduction to Linguistics] (OLD) Derivational and Inflectional Morphemes, Morphological Changes
Published: 2015/03/15
Channel: TheTrevTutor
Introduction to Articulatory Phonetics (Consonants)
Introduction to Articulatory Phonetics (Consonants)
Published: 2015/01/28
Channel: Ubc VISIBLE SPEECH
[Introduction to Linguistics] Free and Bound Morphemes, Affixes
[Introduction to Linguistics] Free and Bound Morphemes, Affixes
Published: 2015/03/07
Channel: TheTrevTutor
Places and Manners of Articulation
Places and Manners of Articulation
Published: 2015/01/28
Channel: The Ling Space
Linguistic description Top # 6 Facts
Linguistic description Top # 6 Facts
Published: 2015/11/05
Channel: Trisha Jignesh
Linguistic Descriptivism
Linguistic Descriptivism
Published: 2011/12/16
Channel: FloridaLinguistics
"Linguistic Descriptions of the Same Event in Japanese, Korean, Chinese and English"
"Linguistic Descriptions of the Same Event in Japanese, Korean, Chinese and English"
Published: 2010/06/17
Channel: Western Washington University
The Concept of Language (Noam Chomsky)
The Concept of Language (Noam Chomsky)
Published: 2014/03/13
Channel: UWTV
Linguistic Sound Production Process and Description of Linguistic Sounds
Linguistic Sound Production Process and Description of Linguistic Sounds
Published: 2016/12/23
Channel: Prasetyo Adi
APPLIED LINGUISTICS PRESENTATION
APPLIED LINGUISTICS PRESENTATION
Published: 2015/08/12
Channel: Viviana Aguilar
What is LINGUISTIC SYSTEM? What does LINGUISTIC SYSTEM mean? LINGUISTIC SYSTEM meaning & explanation
What is LINGUISTIC SYSTEM? What does LINGUISTIC SYSTEM mean? LINGUISTIC SYSTEM meaning & explanation
Published: 2018/02/15
Channel: The Audiopedia
Linguistic Sound Production Process Description of Phonetics
Linguistic Sound Production Process Description of Phonetics
Published: 2016/12/21
Channel: fernando saputro
Class Description - Varieties of English
Class Description - Varieties of English
Published: 2012/02/27
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
What Job Can I do With Foreign Language Skills?
What Job Can I do With Foreign Language Skills?
Published: 2016/03/20
Channel: Langfocus
Class Description - Linguistic Engineering: Linguistics and the Web
Class Description - Linguistic Engineering: Linguistics and the Web
Published: 2012/05/22
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
GEN102 - Language and Linguistics
GEN102 - Language and Linguistics
Published: 2012/05/23
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
What is LINGUISTIC INTERGROUP BIAS? What does LINGUISTIC INTERGROUP BIAS mean?
What is LINGUISTIC INTERGROUP BIAS? What does LINGUISTIC INTERGROUP BIAS mean?
Published: 2018/02/15
Channel: The Audiopedia
Prof. Lutz Marten (SOAS): Linguistic Variation, Language Contact and the New Comparative Bantu
Prof. Lutz Marten (SOAS): Linguistic Variation, Language Contact and the New Comparative Bantu
Published: 2013/04/23
Channel: SOAS University of London
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World's Most Complicated Writing System (corrections in the description)
Published: 2014/02/24
Channel: Xidnaf
Linguistic variables and linguistic values for a more complex washing machine, 23/3/2015
Linguistic variables and linguistic values for a more complex washing machine, 23/3/2015
Published: 2015/03/24
Channel: Lutfi Al-Sharif The University of Jordan
[Introduction to Linguistics] (OLD) Vowels - Production and Transcription
[Introduction to Linguistics] (OLD) Vowels - Production and Transcription
Published: 2016/04/23
Channel: TheTrevTutor
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Published: 2018/02/20
Channel: John Lenard Walson extreme astronomy
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Published: 2016/08/12
Channel: The Audiopedia
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Published: 2015/03/11
Channel: Radboud University
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Channel: Katie Kellogg
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Crowdsourcing Stereotypes: Linguistic Bias in Metadata Generated via GWAP
Published: 2015/04/06
Channel: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
PHO107 - Basic Segments of Speech (Vowels I)
PHO107 - Basic Segments of Speech (Vowels I)
Published: 2012/06/12
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
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Published: 2018/02/17
Channel: traceyhd
Linguistic Style wmv
Linguistic Style wmv
Published: 2017/10/30
Channel: Alexa Chilcutt, PhD
Descriptive Video Demonstration - The Lion King
Descriptive Video Demonstration - The Lion King
Published: 2012/06/12
Channel: Brad Wilmot
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Published: 2015/07/16
Channel: Pro Sign
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Linguistic History of ASL
Published: 2013/08/17
Channel: Xidnaf
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Linguistic Sound
Published: 2016/12/27
Channel: Irawan Saleh Wijaya
PSY101 - Psycholinguistics - An Overview
PSY101 - Psycholinguistics - An Overview
Published: 2012/02/24
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
"Monolingual Fieldwork" Demonstration - Daniel Everett
"Monolingual Fieldwork" Demonstration - Daniel Everett
Published: 2013/09/24
Channel: Linguistic Society of America
What Is A Linguistic Structure?
What Is A Linguistic Structure?
Published: 2017/10/09
Channel: Pan Pan
GEN102 - What is Linguistics (not)?
GEN102 - What is Linguistics (not)?
Published: 2014/07/31
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
Description of the CEFR – Level B2– EN
Description of the CEFR – Level B2– EN
Published: 2015/08/17
Channel: European Commission
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Description of the CEFR – Level B1– EN
Description of the CEFR – Level B1– EN
Published: 2015/08/17
Channel: European Commission
Linguistic Micro-Lectures: Spectrograms
Linguistic Micro-Lectures: Spectrograms
Published: 2016/10/21
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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In the study of language, description or descriptive linguistics is the work of objectively analyzing and describing how language is actually used (or how it was used in the past) by a group of people in a speech community.

All academic research in linguistics is descriptive; like all other sciences, its aim is to describe the linguistic world as it is, without the bias of preconceived ideas about how it ought to be.[1] Modern descriptive linguistics is based on a structural approach to language, as exemplified in the work of Leonard Bloomfield and others.[not verified in body]

Linguistic description is often contrasted with linguistic prescription, which is found especially in education and in publishing. Prescription seeks to define standard language forms and give advice on effective language use, and can be thought of as a presentation of the fruits of descriptive research in a learnable form, though it also draws on more subjective aspects of language aesthetics. Prescription and description are complementary, but have different priorities and sometimes are seen to be in conflict. Descriptivism is the belief that description is more significant or important to teach, study, and practice than prescription.

Description[edit]

As English-linguist Larry Andrews describes it, descriptive grammar is the linguistic approach that studies what a language is like, as opposed to prescriptive, which declares what a language should be like.[2] In other words, descriptive grammarians focus analysis on how all sorts of people in all sorts of environments, usually in more casual, everyday settings, communicate, while prescriptive grammarians focus on the grammatical rules and structures predetermined by linguistic registers and figures of power for those who are under the control of said authorities to use. An example Andrews uses in his book is fewer than vs less than.[3] A descriptive grammarian would state that both statements are correct, as long as the receiver of the message can understand the meaning behind the statement. A prescriptive grammarian, on the other hand, would analyze the rules and conventions behind the statements made and determine which statement is correct according to those rules. Andrews also believes that although the majority of linguists would be descriptive grammarians, the majority of public school teachers tend to be prescriptive.[4]

Challenges[edit]

Accurate description of real speech is a difficult problem, and linguists have often been reduced to approximations. Almost all linguistic theory has its origin in practical problems of descriptive linguistics. Phonology (and its theoretical developments, such as the phoneme) deals with the function and interpretation of sound in language. Syntax has developed to describe the rules concerning how words relate to each other in order to form sentences. Lexicology collects "words" and their derivations and transformations: it has not given rise to much generalized theory.

An extreme "mentalist" viewpoint denies that the linguistic description of a language can be done by anyone but a competent speaker. Such speakers have internalized something called "linguistic competence", which gives them the ability to extrapolate correctly from their experience new but correct expressions, and to reject expressions which do not convey meaning in the way the speaker intends. For example, an expression could be ambiguous, possibly leading to several different interpretations by the listener. Depending on the speaker's intent, ambiguity can be desirable (as in jokes and other humor) or not.[citation needed]

A linguistic description is considered descriptively adequate if it achieves one or more of the following goals of descriptive linguistics:

  1. A description of the phonology of the language in question.
  2. A description of the morphology of words belonging to that language.
  3. A description of the syntax of well-formed sentences of that language.
  4. A description of lexical derivation.
  5. A documentation of the vocabulary, including at least one thousand entries.
  6. A reproduction of a few genuine texts.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kordić, Snježana (2010). Jezik i nacionalizam [Language and Nationalism] (PDF). Rotulus Universitas (in Serbo-Croatian). Zagreb: Durieux. p. 60. ISBN 978-953-188-311-5. LCCN 2011520778. OCLC 729837512. OL 15270636W. COBISS 13436977. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 July 2012. Retrieved 11 August 2015. 
  2. ^ Andrews, Larry (2006). Language Exploration and Awareness: A Resource Book for Teachers. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates, Inc., Publishers. p. 25. ISBN 0-8058-4308-6. 
  3. ^ Andrews, Larry (2006). Language Exploration and Awareness: A Resource Book for Teachers. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates, Inc., Publishers. p. 26. ISBN 0-8058-4308-6. 
  4. ^ Andrews, Larry (2006). Language Exploration and Awareness: A Resource Book for Teachers. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates, Inc., Publishers. p. 26. ISBN 0-8058-4308-6. 

Bibliography[edit]

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