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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Since the Modern Olympics began in 1896, there have been 27 Summer Olympic Games held in 22 different cities and 22 Winter Olympic Games held in 19 different cities. In addition, three summer and two winter editions of the Games were scheduled to take place but were later cancelled due to war: Berlin (summer) in 1916, Tokyo (summer) and Sapporo (winter) in 1940, and London (summer) and Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy (winter) in 1944. The 1906 Summer Olympics, held in Athens, are no longer officially recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), which refers to them as 1906 Intercalated Games, although they were at the time.[1] Three cities have been chosen by the IOC to host upcoming Olympic Games: Rio de Janeiro for the 2016 Summer Olympics, Pyeongchang for the 2018 Winter Olympics, and Tokyo for the 2020 Summer Olympics.

Seven cities have hosted the Olympic Games more than once: Athens (1896, and 2004 Summer Olympics), Paris (1900 and 1924 Summer Olympics), London (1908, 1948 and 2012 Summer Olympics), St. Moritz (1928 and 1948 Winter Olympics), Lake Placid (1932 and 1980 Winter Olympics), Los Angeles (1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics), and Innsbruck (1964 and 1976 Winter Olympics). Tokyo will join this list in 2020, with the 1964 and 2020 Summer Olympics. In addition, Stockholm hosted the 1912 Summer Olympics and the equestrian portion of the 1956 Summer Olympics.[b] London has become the first city to have hosted three Games as of the 2012 Summer Olympics. The United States has hosted a total of eight Olympic Games, more than any other country, followed by France with five editions. Canada, Germany, Italy, Japan, and the United Kingdom have each hosted three Games.

The Games have primarily been hosted in the continents of Europe (30 editions) and North America (12 editions); five Games have been hosted in Asia and two have been hosted in Oceania. In 2016, Rio de Janeiro will become South America's first Olympic host city, while the African continent is yet to host the Olympic Games. Other major geographic regions which have not hosted the Olympics include the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent, the Caribbean and Southeast Asia.

Host cities are selected by the IOC membership, usually seven years in advance.[2] The selection process lasts approximately two years. In a first stage, any city in the world may submit an application to become a host city. After 10 months, the Executive Board of the IOC decides which of these applicant cities will become official candidates as based on the recommendation of a working group that reviews the applications. In a second stage, the candidate cities are investigated thoroughly by an Evaluation Commission, which then submits a final short list of cities to be considered for selection. The host city is then chosen by vote of the IOC Session, a general meeting of IOC members.[3]

Olympic Host Cities[edit]

For individual summer and winter lists, see List of modern Summer Olympic Games and List of Winter Olympic Games.
City Country Continent Summer Winter Season Year Opening Ceremony Closing Ceremony
Athens  Greece Europe S005I Summer 1896 April 6 April 15
Paris  France Europe S005II Summer 1900 May 14 October 28
St. Louis[a]  United States North America S005III Summer 1904 July 1 November 23
Athens  Greece Europe S005[f] Summer 1906 April 22 May 2
London  United Kingdom Europe S005IV Summer 1908 April 27 October 31
Stockholm  Sweden Europe S005V Summer 1912 May 5 July 22
Berlin  Germany Europe S006VI Summer 1916 Cancelled due to WWI[4]
Antwerp  Belgium Europe S007VII Summer 1920 April 20 September 12[5]
Chamonix  France Europe W001I Winter 1924 January 25 February 4[6]
Paris  France Europe S008VIII Summer 1924 May 4 July 27[7]
St. Moritz  Switzerland Europe W002II Winter 1928 February 11 February 19[8]
Amsterdam  Netherlands Europe S009IX Summer 1928 May 17 August 12[9]
Lake Placid  United States North America W003III Winter 1932 February 4 February 15[10]
Los Angeles  United States North America S010X Summer 1932 July 30 August 14[11]
Garmisch-Partenkirchen  Germany Europe W004IV Winter 1936 February 6 February 16[12]
Berlin  Germany Europe S011XI Summer 1936 August 1 August 16[13]
Sapporo  Japan Asia W005aV Winter 1940 Cancelled due to WWII[4]
Tokyo  Japan Asia S012XII Summer 1940 Cancelled due to WWII[4]
Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy Europe W005bV Winter 1944 Cancelled due to WWII[4]
London  United Kingdom Europe S013XIII Summer 1944 Cancelled due to WWII[4]
St. Moritz  Switzerland Europe W005cV Winter 1948 January 30 February 8
London  United Kingdom Europe S014XIV Summer 1948 July 29 August 14
Oslo  Norway Europe W006VI Winter 1952 February 14 February 25
Helsinki  Finland Europe S015XV Summer 1952 July 19 August 3
Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy Europe W007VII Winter 1956 January 26 February 5
Melbourne
Stockholm[c]
 Australia
 Sweden
Oceania
Europe
S016XVI Summer 1956 November 22
June 10
December 8
June 17
Squaw Valley  United States North America W008VIII Winter 1960 February 18 February 28
Rome  Italy Europe S017XVII Summer 1960 August 25 September 11
Innsbruck  Austria Europe W009IX Winter 1964 January 29 February 9
Tokyo  Japan Asia S018XVIII Summer 1964 October 10 October 24
Grenoble  France Europe W010X Winter 1968 February 6 February 18
Mexico City  Mexico North America S019XIX Summer 1968 October 12 October 27
Sapporo  Japan Asia W011XI Winter 1972 February 3 February 13
Munich  West Germany Europe S020XX Summer 1972 August 26 September 11
Innsbruck  Austria Europe W012XII Winter 1976 February 4 February 15
Montreal  Canada North America S021XXI Summer 1976 July 17 August 1
Lake Placid  United States North America W013XIII Winter 1980 February 12 February 24
Moscow  Soviet Union Europe[d] S022XXII Summer 1980 July 19 August 3
Sarajevo  Yugoslavia Europe W014XIV Winter 1984 February 7 February 19
Los Angeles  United States North America S023XXIII Summer 1984 July 28 August 12
Calgary  Canada North America W015XV Winter 1988 February 13 February 28
Seoul  South Korea Asia S024XXIV Summer 1988 September 17 October 2
Albertville  France Europe W016XVI Winter 1992 February 8 February 23
Barcelona  Spain Europe S025XXV Summer 1992 July 25 August 9
Lillehammer  Norway Europe W017XVII Winter 1994 February 12 February 27
Atlanta  United States North America S026XXVI Summer 1996 July 19 August 4
Nagano  Japan Asia W018XVIII Winter 1998 February 7 February 22
Sydney  Australia Oceania S027XXVII Summer 2000 September 15 October 1
Salt Lake City  United States North America W019XIX Winter 2002 February 8 February 24
Athens  Greece Europe S028XXVIII Summer 2004 August 13 August 29
Turin  Italy Europe W020XX Winter 2006 February 10 February 26
Beijing[e]  China Asia S029XXIX Summer 2008 August 8 August 24
Vancouver  Canada North America W021XXI Winter 2010 February 12 February 28
London  United Kingdom Europe S030XXX Summer 2012 July 27 August 12
Sochi  Russia Europe[d] W022XXII Winter 2014 February 7 February 23
Rio de Janeiro  Brazil South America S031XXXI Summer 2016 August 5 August 21
Pyeongchang  South Korea Asia W023XXIII Winter 2018 February 9 February 25
Tokyo  Japan Asia S032XXXII Summer 2020[14] July 24 August 9

Statistics[edit]

Host cities for multiple Olympic Games In Summer and Winter[edit]

List of cities that hosted multiple editions of the Olympic Games
City Country Continent Summer Olympics Winter Olympics Total
London  United Kingdom Europe 3 (1908, 1948, 2012) 0 3
Athens  Greece Europe 3 (1896, 1906, 2004) 0 3
Paris  France Europe 2 (1900, 1924) 0 2
Los Angeles  United States North America 2 (1932, 1984) 0 2
Tokyo  Japan Asia 2 (1964, 2020) 0 2
Lake Placid  United States North America 0 2 (1932, 1980) 2
Innsbruck  Austria Europe 0 2 (1964, 1976) 2
St. Moritz   Switzerland Europe 0 2 (1928, 1948) 2

Number of Olympic Games by country[edit]

Nations that have hosted the Summer Olympics
  4 times or more
  3 times
  2 times
  1 time
  Never held games
Nations that have hosted the Winter Olympics
  4 times or more
  3 times
  2 times
  1 time
  Never held games
List of countries ranked by the number of times they hosted the Olympic Games
Rank Country Continent Summer Olympics Winter Olympics Total
1  United States North America 4 (1904, 1932, 1984, 1996) 4 (1932, 1960, 1980, 2002) 8
2  France Europe 2 (1900, 1924) 3 (1924, 1968, 1992) 5
3  Japan Asia 2 (1940, 1964, 2020) 2 (1940, 1972, 1998) 4
4  United Kingdom Europe 3 (1908, 1944, 1948, 2012) 0 3
4  Canada North America 1 (1976) 2 (1988, 2010) 3
4  Italy Europe 1 (1960) 2 (1944, 1956, 2006) 3
4  Nazi Germany/ West Germany Europe 2 (1916, 1936, 1972) 1 (1936) 3
9  South Korea Asia 1 (1988) 1 (2018) 2
9  Soviet Union/ Russia Europe 1 (1980) 1 (2014) 2
9 Greece/ Greece Europe 3 (1896, 1906, 2004) 0 3
9  Australia Oceania 2 (1956, 2000) 0 2
9  Norway Europe 0 2 (1952, 1994) 2
9  Austria Europe 0 2 (1964, 1976) 2
9   Switzerland Europe 0 2 (1928, 1948) 2
15  China Asia 1 (2008) 0 1
15  Spain Europe 1 (1992) 0 1
15  Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Europe 0 1 (1984) 1
15  Mexico North America 1 (1968) 0 1
15  Finland Europe 1 (1940, 1952) 0 1
15  Netherlands Europe 1 (1928) 0 1
15  Belgium Europe 1 (1920) 0 1
15  Sweden Europe 1 (1912) 0 1
15  Brazil South America 1 (2016) 0 1

Notes[edit]

  • c Equestrian events were held in Stockholm, Sweden. Stockholm had to bid for the equestrian competition separately; it received its own Olympic flame and had its own formal invitations and opening & closing ceremonies, just like the regular Summer Olympics.[18]
  • e Equestrian events were held in China's Hong Kong SAR.[19] Although Hong Kong's separate NOC conducted the equestrian competition, it was an integral part of the Beijing Games; it is not conducted under a separate bid, flame, etc., as was the 1956 Stockholm equestrian competition. The IOC website lists only Beijing as the host city.[20]
  • f the 1906 Games were considered to be official at the time, and the records were listed in the record books as late as the year 2000.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Findling, John E.; Pelle, Kimberly D. (2004). Encyclopedia of the Modern Olympic Movement. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-313-32278-5. 
  2. ^ Group, Taylor Francis (2003). The Europa World Yearbook. Taylor and Francis Group. p. 247. ISBN 978-1-85743-227-5. 
  3. ^ "Choice of the Host City". olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2009-06-04. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Durántez, Conrado (April–May 1997). "The Olympic Movement, a twentieth-century phenomenon" (PDF). Olympic Review XXVI (14): 56–57. 
  5. ^ "Antwerp 1920". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  6. ^ "Chamonix 1924". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  7. ^ "Paris 1924". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  8. ^ "St. Moritz 1928". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  9. ^ "Amsterdam 1928". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  10. ^ "Lake Placid 1932". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  11. ^ "Los Angeles 1932". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  12. ^ "Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1936". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  13. ^ "Berlin 1936". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  14. ^ CNN Staff. "Tokyo to host 2020 Olympic Games". CNN. Retrieved 12/3/13. 
  15. ^ "St Louis 1904". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2008-07-29. 
  16. ^ "St. Louis gets Olympic Games; International Committee Sanctions the Change for the World's Fair in 1904" (PDF). The New York Times. 1903-02-12. Retrieved 2008-07-29. 
  17. ^ "Rome Games moved to London". realclearsports.com. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  18. ^ "Stockholm/Melbourne 1956". Swedish Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  19. ^ Tim Pile (June 25, 2008). "Hong Kong saddles up for the Olympics". London: The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2008-07-29. 
  20. ^ "2008 Beijing Olympic home page". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 

External links[edit]

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