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Published: 2017/08/02
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Published: 2017/10/04
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Featured Keynote: U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza
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A Riveting Account of the Life of America
A Riveting Account of the Life of America's First Woman Secretary of State (2003)
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Secretary of State Rex Tillerson camera spray
Secretary of State Rex Tillerson camera spray
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THE DEBATE - Tillerson to the Rescue: US Secretary of State in Qatar Crisis Mediation
THE DEBATE - Tillerson to the Rescue: US Secretary of State in Qatar Crisis Mediation
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Search for Secretary of State Underway
Search for Secretary of State Underway
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Channel: Wochit News
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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United States
Secretary of State
US Department of State official seal.svg
Official Seal
Rex Tillerson official portrait.jpg
Incumbent
Rex Tillerson

since February 1, 2017
United States Department of State
Appointer President of United States
Inaugural holder John Jay (acting)
Thomas Jefferson
Formation July 27, 1789
Succession Fourth
Website www.state.gov

This is a list of Secretaries of State of the United States.

Secretaries of Foreign Affairs (1781–1789)[edit]

List of Secretaries of State[edit]

Parties
Status
  Denotes acting Secretary of State
No. Portrait Name State of residence Took office Left office President(s)
John Jay John Jay[A]
Acting
New York September 26, 1789 March 22, 1790 George Washington
1 Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson[M] Virginia March 22, 1790 December 31, 1793
2 Edmund Randolph Edmund J. Randolph Virginia January 2, 1794 August 20, 1795
3 Timothy Pickering Timothy Pickering Massachusetts August 20, 1795 December 10, 1795[B]
December 10, 1795 March 4, 1797
March 4, 1797 May 12, 1800 John Adams
Charles Lee, AG.png Charles Lee[C]
Acting
Virginia May 13, 1800 June 5, 1800
4 John Marshall John Marshall Virginia June 13, 1800 March 4, 1801
LeviLincoln.gif Levi Lincoln Sr.[C]
Acting
Massachusetts March 5, 1801 May 1, 1801 Thomas Jefferson
5 James Madison James Madison[M] Virginia May 2, 1801 March 3, 1809
6 Robert Smith Robert Smith Maryland March 6, 1809 April 1, 1811 James Madison
7 James Monroe James Monroe[M] Virginia April 2, 1811 March 3, 1817
John Graham
Acting
Kentucky March 4, 1817 March 9, 1817 James Monroe
Portrait of Richard Rush.jpg Richard Rush[C]
Acting
Pennsylvania March 10, 1817 September 22, 1817
8 John Quincy Adams John Quincy Adams[M] Massachusetts September 22, 1817 March 3, 1825
Daniel Brent
Acting
Virginia March 4, 1825 March 7, 1825 John Quincy Adams
9 Henry Clay Henry Clay Kentucky March 7, 1825 March 3, 1829
James A. Hamilton
Acting
New York March 4, 1829 March 27, 1829 Andrew Jackson
10 Martin Van Buren Martin Van Buren[M] New York March 28, 1829 May 23, 1831
11 Edward Livingston Edward Livingston Louisiana May 24, 1831 May 29, 1833
12 Louis McLane Louis McLane Delaware May 29, 1833 June 30, 1834
13 John Forsyth John Forsyth Georgia July 1, 1834 March 4, 1837
March 4, 1837 March 3, 1841 Martin Van Buren
Jacob L. Martin
Acting
District of Columbia March 4, 1841 March 5, 1841 William Harrison
14 Daniel Webster Daniel Webster Massachusetts March 6, 1841 April 4, 1841
April 4, 1841 May 8, 1843 John Tyler
Hugh S. Legaré.jpg Hugh S. Legaré
Acting
South Carolina May 9, 1843 June 20, 1843
William S. Derrick
Acting
Pennsylvania June 21, 1843 June 23, 1843
15 Abel P. Upshur Abel P. Upshur Virginia June 24, 1843 July 23, 1843[D]
July 24, 1843 February 28, 1844
John Nelson John Nelson[C]
Acting
Maryland February 29, 1844 March 31, 1844
16 John C. Calhoun John C. Calhoun South Carolina April 1, 1844 March 10, 1845[E]
17 James Buchanan James Buchanan[M] Pennsylvania March 10, 1845 March 7, 1849[E] James K. Polk[E]
18 John M. Clayton John M. Clayton Delaware March 8, 1849 July 9, 1850 Zachary Taylor
July 9, 1850 July 22, 1850 Millard Fillmore
19 Daniel Webster Daniel Webster Massachusetts July 23, 1850 October 24, 1852
Charles Magill Conrad.jpg Charles M. Conrad[B]
Acting
Louisiana October 25, 1852 November 5, 1852
20 Edward Everett Edward Everett Massachusetts November 6, 1852 March 3, 1853
William Hunter (Asst. Sec. of State).jpg William Hunter[F]
Acting
Rhode Island March 4, 1853 March 7, 1853 Franklin Pierce
21 William L. Marcy William L. Marcy New York March 7, 1853 March 6, 1857[E]
22 Lewis Cass Lewis Cass Michigan March 6, 1857 December 14, 1860 James Buchanan
William Hunter (Asst. Sec. of State).jpg William Hunter
Acting
Rhode Island December 15, 1860 December 16, 1860
23 Jermiah S. Black Jeremiah S. Black Pennsylvania December 17, 1860 March 5, 1861[E]
24 William H. Seward William H. Seward New York March 5, 1861 April 15, 1865 Abraham Lincoln
April 15, 1865 March 4, 1869 Andrew Johnson
25 Elihu B. Washburne Elihu B. Washburne Illinois March 5, 1869 March 16, 1869 Ulysses S. Grant
26 Hamilton Fish Hamilton Fish New York March 17, 1869 March 4, 1877
March 4, 1877 March 12, 1877[E] Rutherford B. Hayes[E]
27 William M. Evarts William M. Evarts New York March 12, 1877 March 7, 1881
28 James G. Blaine James G. Blaine Maine March 7, 1881 September 19, 1881 James A. Garfield
September 19, 1881 December 19, 1881 Chester A. Arthur
29 Frederick T. Frelinghuysen Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen New Jersey December 19, 1881 March 6, 1885[E]
30 Thomas F. Bayard Thomas F. Bayard Delaware March 7, 1885 March 6, 1889 Grover Cleveland[E]
31 James G. Blaine James G. Blaine Maine March 7, 1889 June 4, 1892 Benjamin Harrison
William F. Wharton.jpg William F. Wharton[G]
Acting
Massachusetts June 4, 1892 June 29, 1892
32 John W. Foster John W. Foster Indiana June 29, 1892 February 23, 1893
- William F. Wharton.jpg William F. Wharton[G]
Acting
Massachusetts February 24, 1893 March 6, 1893
Grover Cleveland
33 Walter Q. Gresham Walter Q. Gresham Indiana March 7, 1893 May 28, 1895
Edwin F. Uhl Edwin F. Uhl[G]
Acting
Michigan May 28, 1895 June 9, 1895
34 Richard Olney Richard Olney Massachusetts June 10, 1895 March 5, 1897[E]
35 John Sherman John Sherman Ohio March 6, 1897 April 27, 1898 William McKinley
36 William R. Day William R. Day Ohio April 28, 1898 September 16, 1898
AAAoftheState.jpg Alvey A. Adee[H]
Acting
New York September 17, 1898 September 29, 1898
37 John Hay John Hay District of Columbia September 30, 1898 September 14, 1901
September 14, 1901 July 1, 1905 Theodore Roosevelt
Francis B. Loomis (sketch).gif Francis B. Loomis[G]
Acting
Ohio July 1, 1905 July 18, 1905
38 Elihu Root Elihu Root New York July 19, 1905 January 27, 1909
39 Robert Bacon Robert Bacon New York January 27, 1909 March 5, 1909[E]
40 Philander C. Knox Philander C. Knox Pennsylvania March 6, 1909 March 5, 1913 William Howard Taft[E]
41 William Jennings Bryan William Jennings Bryan Nebraska March 5, 1913 June 9, 1915 Woodrow Wilson
42 Robert Lansing Robert Lansing New York June 9, 1915 June 23, 1915
June 24, 1915 February 13, 1920
Frank Polk Frank Polk[I]
Acting
New York February 14, 1920 March 12, 1920
43 Bainbridge Colby Bainbridge Colby New York March 23, 1920 March 4, 1921
44 Charles Evans Hughes Charles Evans Hughes New York March 5, 1921 August 2, 1923 Warren G. Harding
August 2, 1923 March 4, 1925 Calvin Coolidge
45 Frank B. Kellogg Frank B. Kellogg Minnesota March 5, 1925 March 4, 1929
March 4, 1929 March 28, 1929 Herbert Hoover
46 Henry L. Stimson Henry L. Stimson New York March 28, 1929 March 4, 1933
47 Cordell Hull Cordell Hull Tennessee March 4, 1933 November 30, 1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt
48 Edward Stettinius Jr. Edward Stettinius Jr. Virginia December 1, 1944 April 12, 1945
April 12, 1945 June 27, 1945 Harry S. Truman
Ambassador Grew.jpg Joseph Grew[I]
Acting
New Hampshire June 28, 1945 July 3, 1945
49 James F. Byrnes James F. Byrnes South Carolina July 3, 1945 January 21, 1947
50 George C. Marshall George C. Marshall Pennsylvania January 21, 1947 January 20, 1949
51 Dean G. Acheson Dean Acheson Connecticut January 21, 1949 January 20, 1953
H. Freeman Matthews 1956.jpg Harrison F. Matthews[I]
Acting
Maryland January 20, 1953 January 21, 1953 Dwight D. Eisenhower
52 John Foster Dulles John Foster Dulles New York January 21, 1953 April 22, 1959
53 Christian A. Herter Christian Herter Massachusetts April 22, 1959 January 20, 1961
Livingston T. Merchant.jpg Livingston T. Merchant
Acting
District of Columbia January 20, 1961 January 21, 1961 John F. Kennedy
54 Dean Rusk Dean Rusk New York January 21, 1961 November 22, 1963
November 22, 1963 January 20, 1969 Lyndon B. Johnson
Charles Bohlen.png Charles E. Bohlen
Acting
District of Columbia January 20, 1969 January 22, 1969 Richard Nixon
55 William P. Rogers William P. Rogers Maryland January 22, 1969 September 3, 1973
Kenneth-Rush-1977.jpg Kenneth Rush
Acting
Florida September 3, 1973 September 22, 1973
56 Henry A. Kissinger Henry Kissinger District of Columbia September 22, 1973 August 9, 1974
August 9, 1974 January 20, 1977[1] Gerald Ford
Philiphabib cropped.jpg Philip Habib
Acting
California January 20, 1977 January 23, 1977 Jimmy Carter
57 Cyrus R. Vance Cyrus Vance West Virginia January 23, 1977 April 28, 1980[2]
Warren Christopher.jpg Warren Christopher[K][3]
Acting
California April 28, 1980 May 2, 1980
David D. Newsom[L][3]
Acting
May 2, 1980 May 3, 1980
Richard N. Cooper[N][3]
Acting
May 3, 1980
David D. Newsom[L][3]
Acting
May 3, 1980 May 4, 1980
Warren Christopher.jpg Warren Christopher[K][3]
Acting
California May 4, 1980 May 8, 1980
58 Edmund Muskie Edmund Muskie Maine May 8, 1980 January 20, 1981[4]
59 Alexander Haig Alexander Haig Connecticut January 22, 1981 July 5, 1982[5] Ronald Reagan
Walter J. Stoessel Jr. Walter J. Stoessel Jr.[K]
Acting
California July 5, 1982 July 16, 1982
60 George P. Shultz George P. Shultz California July 16, 1982 January 20, 1989[6]
Michael Armacost Michael Armacost[L]
Acting
Maryland January 20, 1989 January 25, 1989 George H. W. Bush
61 James Baker James Baker Texas January 25, 1989 August 23, 1992[7]
62 Lawrence Eagleburger Lawrence Eagleburger Wisconsin August 23, 1992 December 8, 1992[K][8]
December 8, 1992 January 19, 1993[9]
Arnold Kanter[L][10]
Acting
Virginia January 20, 1993 Bill Clinton
Frank G. Wisner as Ambassador.png Frank G. Wisner[O][10]
Acting
District of Columbia January 20, 1993
63 Warren Christopher Warren Christopher California January 20, 1993 January 17, 1997[11]
64 Madeleine Albright Madeleine Albright District of Columbia January 23, 1997 January 20, 2001[12]
65 Colin Powell Colin Powell Virginia January 20, 2001 January 26, 2005[13] George W. Bush
66 Condoleezza Rice Condoleezza Rice California January 26, 2005 January 20, 2009[14]
AmbassadorBurns.jpg William Joseph Burns
Acting
District of Columbia January 20, 2009 January 21, 2009[15] Barack Obama
67 Hillary Clinton official Secretary of State portrait crop.jpg Hillary Clinton New York January 21, 2009 February 1, 2013[16]
68 John Kerry John Kerry Massachusetts February 1, 2013 January 20, 2017[17]
Thomas Shannon Tom Shannon
Acting
Minnesota January 20, 2017 February 1, 2017[18][19][20] Donald Trump
69 Rex Tillerson Rex Tillerson Texas February 1, 2017 Incumbent

List of Secretaries of State by time in office[edit]

11 years, 271 days
Cordell Hull from 1933 to 1944
7 years, 364 days
Dean Rusk from 1961 to 1969
7 years, 364 days
William H. Seward from 1861 to 1869
43 days
Lawrence Eagleburger from 1992 to 1993
37 days
Robert Bacon in 1909
11 days
Elihu B. Washburne in 1869

This is a list of United States Secretaries of State by time in office. This is based on the difference between dates; if counted by number of calendar days all the figures would be one greater.

Cordell Hull is the only person to have served as Secretary of State for more than eight years. Daniel Webster and James G. Blaine are the only Secretaries of State to have ever served non-consecutive terms. Elihu B. Washburne served as Secretary of State for less than two weeks before becoming Ambassador to France.

# in office Secretary Length of service
(days)
Rank
47 Hull, CordellCordell Hull 4289 1
54 Rusk, DeanDean Rusk 2921 2
24 Seward, William H.William H. Seward 2921
8 Adams, John QuincyJohn Quincy Adams 2920 4
26 Fish, HamiltonHamilton Fish 2917 5
5 Madison, JamesJames Madison 2862 6
37 Hay, JohnJohn Hay 2465 7
13 Forsyth, JohnJohn Forsyth 2437 8
60 Shultz, George P.George P. Shultz 2380 9
52 Dulles, John FosterJohn Foster Dulles 2282 10
7 Monroe, JamesJames Monroe 2011 11
42 Lansing, RobertRobert Lansing 1695 12
55 Rogers, William P.William P. Rogers 1685 13
14/19 Webster, DanielDaniel Webster 1617 14
3 Pickering, TimothyTimothy Pickering 1614 15
45 Kellogg, Frank B.Frank B. Kellogg 1484 16
28/31 Blaine, James G.James G. Blaine 1472 17
67 Clinton, HillaryHillary Clinton 1472
65 Powell, ColinColin Powell 1467 19
51 Acheson, DeanDean Acheson 1460 20
21 Marcy, William L.William L. Marcy 1460
30 Bayard Sr., Thomas F.Thomas F. Bayard Sr. 1460
40 Knox, Philander C.Philander C. Knox 1460
44 Hughes, Charles EvansCharles Evans Hughes 1460
63 Christopher, WarrenWarren Christopher 1458 25
64 Albright, MadeleineMadeleine Albright 1458
17 Buchanan, JamesJames Buchanan 1458
9 Clay, HenryHenry Clay 1457 28
27 Evarts, William M.William M. Evarts 1456 29
66 Rice, CondoleezzaCondoleezza Rice 1455 30
68 Kerry, JohnJohn Kerry 1449 31
46 Stimson, Henry L.Henry L. Stimson 1437 32
1 Jefferson, ThomasThomas Jefferson 1380 33
22 Cass, LewisLewis Cass 1379 34
61 Baker, JamesJames Baker 1306 35
38 Root, ElihuElihu Root 1288 36
56 Kissinger, HenryHenry Kissinger 1216 37
57 Vance, CyrusCyrus Vance 1191 38
29 Frelinghuysen, Frederick T.Frederick T. Frelinghuysen 1173 39
41 Bryan, William JenningsWilliam Jennings Bryan 826 40
33 Gresham, Walter Q.Walter Q. Gresham 812 41
10 Van Buren, MartinMartin Van Buren 786 42
6 Smith, RobertRobert Smith 756 43
11 Livingston, EdwardEdward Livingston 736 44
50 Marshall, GeorgeGeorge Marshall 730 45
53 Herter, ChristianChristian Herter 639 46
34 Olney, RichardRichard Olney 634 47
2 Randolph, EdmundEdmund Randolph 595 48
49 Byrnes, James F.James F. Byrnes 567 49
59 Haig, AlexanderAlexander Haig 529 50
18 Clayton, John M.John M. Clayton 501 51
35 Sherman, JohnJohn Sherman 417 52
12 Maclane, LouisLouis McLane 397 53
43 Colby, BainbridgeBainbridge Colby 346 54
16 Calhoun, John C.John C. Calhoun 343 55
4 Marshall, JohnJohn Marshall 264 56
69 Tillerson, RexRex Tillerson 259 57
58 Muskie, EdmundEdmund Muskie 257 58
32 Foster, John W.John W. Foster 239 59
15 Upshur, Abel P.Abel P. Upshur 219 60
48 Stettinius Jr., EdwardEdward Stettinius Jr. 208 61
36 Day, William R.William R. Day 141 62
20 Everett, EdwardEdward Everett 117 63
23 Black, Jeremiah S.Jeremiah S. Black 78 64
62 Eagleburger, LawrenceLawrence Eagleburger 43 65
39 Bacon, RobertRobert Bacon 37 66
25 Washburne, Elihu B.Elihu B. Washburne 11 67

Living former Secretaries of State[edit]

As of October 2017, there are eight living former Secretaries of State, the oldest being George P. Shultz (served 1982–1989, born 1920). The most recent Secretary of State to die was Lawrence Eagleburger (served 1992–1993, born 1930), on June 4, 2011. The most recently serving Secretary of State to die was Warren Christopher (served 1993–1997, born 1925) on March 18, 2011.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Henry A. (Heinz Alfred) Kissinger (1923–)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian. 
  2. ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Cyrus Roberts Vance (1917–2002)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Allexperts.com – Secretary of State
  4. ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Edmund Sixtus Muskie (1914–1996)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian. 
  5. ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Alexander Meigs Haig Jr. (1924–2010)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian. 
  6. ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: George Pratt Shultz (1920–)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian. 
  7. ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: James Addison Baker III (1930–)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian. 
  8. ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Lawrence Sidney Eagleburger (1930–2011)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian. Served as Acting Secretary of State, Aug 23-Dec 8, 1992. 
  9. ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Lawrence Sidney Eagleburger (1930–2011)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian. 
  10. ^ a b Clinton Rounds Out State Dept. Team
  11. ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Warren Minor Christopher (1925–2011)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian. 
  12. ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Madeleine Korbel Albright (1937–)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian. 
  13. ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Colin Luther Powell (1937–)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian. 
  14. ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Condoleezza Rice (1954–)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian. 
  15. ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Condoleezza Rice (1954–)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian. Under Secretary for Political Affairs William J. Burns served as Acting Secretary of State, January 20-21, 2009. 
  16. ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Hillary Rodham Clinton (1947–)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian. 
  17. ^ "John Forbes Kerry (1943–)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian. 
  18. ^ http://www.voanews.com/a/career-diplomat-acting-secretary-state-donald-trump-administration/3683852.html
  19. ^ http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/wireStory/day-inauguration-state-department-lacks-interim-boss-44878550
  20. ^ https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-kerry-tillerson-idUSKBN1532UA

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