All of the United States' 50 states have a state motto, as do the District of Columbia and three US territories. A motto is a phrase intended to formally describe the general motivation or intention of an organization. State mottos can sometimes be found on state seals or state flags. Some states have officially designated a state motto by an act of the state legislature, whereas other states have the motto only as an element of their seals. The motto of the United States itself is In God We Trust, proclaimed by Congress and signed into law by President Dwight D. Eisenhower on July 30, 1956. The motto E Pluribus Unum (Latin for "One from many") was approved for use on the Great Seal of the United States in 1782, but was never adopted as the national motto through legislative action.
South Carolina has two official mottos, both of which are in Latin. Kentucky, and Vermont also have two mottos, one in Latin and the other in English. North Dakota has three, two in English and one in Latin. All other states and territories have only one motto, except Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands, which do not have any mottos.English and Latin are the most-used languages for state mottos, used by 25 and 24 states and territories, respectively. Seven states and territories use another language, of which each language is only used once. Eight states and two territories have their mottos on their state quarter; thirty-eight states and four territories have their mottos on their state seals.
The dates given are, where possible, the earliest date that the motto was used in an official sense. Some state mottos are not official but are on the official state seal; in these cases the adoption date of the seal is given. The earliest use of a current motto is that of Puerto Rico, Johannes est nomen ejus, granted to the island by the Spanish in 1511.
^The motto was originally designated as Regnant populi in 1864. It was changed to Regnat populus in 1907.
^Eureka first appeared on the state seal in 1849. It was designated the official motto in 1963.
^"In God We Trust" first appeared on the state seal in 1868. It was designated the official motto in 2006.
^The motto of Hawaii was first used by King Kamehameha III in 1843, after his restoration. In May 1845 it first appeared on the coat of arms of the Kingdom of Hawaii. It was made the official motto of the State of Hawaii on May 1, 1959.
^The unofficial motto of the Minnesota Territory was Quae sursum volo videre, I long to see what is beyond, chosen in 1849.
^The unofficial motto of the Nevada Territory was Volens et Potens, Willing and Able, which was on the territorial seal approved on November 29, 1861. This was changed to the current motto after statehood.
^Crescit eundo was added to the territorial seal in 1882. Ths change was officially adopted by the legislature in 1887.
^From 1866 to 1868, the motto Imperium in Imperio (Latin for "Empire within an Empire") appeared on the state seal.
^Labor omnia vincit was on the territorial seal of 1893. It was specified as a feature of the seal in the 1907 State Constitution.
^The motto of Oregon was "The Union" from 1957 until 1987, when the original 1854 motto of Alis volat propriis was restored.
^The Spanish Crown gave Puerto Rico its coat of arms in 1511. The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico officially adopted it on March 9, 1905.
^The words "Agriculture" and "Commerce" appeared on the first state seal of 1802. "Agriculture and Commerce" was made the official state motto in 1987.
^"Industry" first appeared on the state seal of 1896. It was designated the official motto on March 4, 1959.
^The motto of Washington is the only one to be fully unofficial. It is neither on the seal nor designated by the state legislature.
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