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Population by state, including Puerto Rico (2015)
  580k–2.8M
  2.8M–5.28M
  5.28M–8.26M
  8.26M–11.6M
  11.6M–19.6M
  19.6M–26.5M
  26.5M–38.4M
  38.4M+

As of April 1, 2010, the date of the 2010 United States Census, the nine most populous U.S. states contain slightly more than half of the total population. The 25 least populous states contain less than one-sixth of the total population. California, the most populous state, contains more people than the 21 least populous states combined, and Wyoming is the least populous state, with a population less than the 31 most populous U.S. cities.

Methodology[edit]

Map of population change in U.S. states from April 5, 2010 to July 1, 2017

The United States Census counts total persons residing in the United States including citizens, non-citizen permanent residents, and non-citizen long-term visitors.[1] Civilian and military federal employees serving abroad and their dependents are counted in their home state.[2]

Electoral apportionment[edit]

Based on data from the decennial census, each state is allocated a proportion of the 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives, although each state is guaranteed a minimum of one seat, regardless of population. This apportionment is based on the proportion of each state's population to that of the fifty states together (without regard to the populations of the District of Columbia, AS, GU, MP, PR, or VI). The Electoral College is the body that, every four years, elects the President and Vice President of the United States. Each state's representation in the Electoral College is equal to that state's total number of members in both houses of the United States Congress. The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution effectively grants the District of Columbia, which is separate from any state, three votes. More precisely, the district gets as many votes in the Electoral College as it would have if it were a state, with the caveat that the district can have no more votes than the least populous state (which is currently Wyoming). Currently, this caveat is a moot point since the District of Columbia would only be entitled to one representative if it were a state, and is more populous than only two of the seven states with a single member in the House since 2013. Since the Constitution guarantees every state at least one U.S. Representative and two U.S. Senators, it effectively guarantees every state (and, since the ratification of the 23rd Amendment, the District of Columbia) at least three electoral votes. Thus, the total representation in the Electoral College is 538 members (equal to 100 senators plus 435 representatives, plus 3 members for the District of Columbia).[3]

State rankings[edit]

Rank in the fifty U.S. states, 2017 Rank in all U.S. states and territories, 2010 State or territory Population estimate, July 1, 2017[4] Census population, April 1, 2010 Percent increase from 2010-2017[note 1] Total seats in the U.S. House of Representatives, 2013–2023 Estimated population per electoral vote, 2017[note 2] Estimated population per House seat, 2017 Census population per House seat, 2010 Percent of the total U.S. population, 2017[note 3]
1 1  California 39,536,653 37,252,895 6.13% 53 718,848 745,974 702,885 12.14%
2 2  Texas 28,304,596 25,146,105 12.56% 36 744,858 786,238 698,503 8.69%
3 4  Florida 20,984,400 18,804,623 11.59% 27 734,904 777,200 696,468 6.44%
4 3  New York 19,849,399 19,378,087 2.43% 27 684,462 735,163 717,707 6.09%
5 6  Pennsylvania 12,805,537 12,702,887 0.81% 18 640,277 711,419 705,715 3.93%
6 5  Illinois 12,802,023 12,831,549 -0.23% 18 640,101 711,224 712,864 3.93%
7 7  Ohio 11,658,609 11,536,725 1.06% 16 647,701 728,663 721,032 3.58%
8 9  Georgia 10,429,379 9,688,681 7.64% 14 651,836 744,956 691,975 3.20%
9 10  North Carolina 10,273,419 9,535,692 7.74% 13 684,895 790,263 733,498 3.15%
10 8  Michigan 9,962,311 9,884,129 0.79% 14 622,644 711,594 705,974 3.06%
11 11  New Jersey 9,005,644 8,791,936 2.43% 12 643,260 750,470 732,658 2.76%
12 12  Virginia 8,470,020 8,001,045 5.86% 11 651,540 770,002 727,366 2.60%
13 13  Washington 7,405,743 6,724,543 10.13% 10 617,145 740,574 672,454 2.27%
14 16  Arizona 7,016,270 6,392,307 9.76% 9 637,843 779,586 710,224 2.15%
15 14  Massachusetts 6,859,819 6,547,817 4.76% 9 623,620 762,202 727,514 2.11%
16 17  Tennessee 6,715,984 6,346,275 5.83% 9 610,544 746,220 705,123 2.06%
17 15  Indiana 6,666,818 6,484,229 2.82% 9 606,074 740,758 720,422 2.05%
18 18  Missouri 6,113,532 5,988,927 2.08% 8 611,353 764,192 748,615 1.88%
19 19  Maryland 6,052,177 5,773,785 4.82% 8 605,218 756,522 721,694 1.86%
20 20  Wisconsin 5,795,483 5,687,289 1.90% 8 579,548 724,435 710,873 1.78%
21 22  Colorado 5,607,154 5,029,324 11.49% 7 623,017 801,022 720,704 1.72%
22 21  Minnesota 5,576,606 5,303,925 5.14% 8 557,661 697,076 662,991 1.71%
23 24  South Carolina 5,024,369 4,625,401 8.63% 7 558,263 717,767 660,766 1.54%
24 23  Alabama 4,874,747 4,780,127 1.98% 7 541,639 696,392 682,819 1.50%
25 25  Louisiana 4,684,333 4,533,479 3.33% 6 585,542 780,722 755,562 1.44%
26 26  Kentucky 4,454,189 4,339,349 2.65% 6 556,774 742,365 723,228 1.37%
27 27  Oregon 4,142,776 3,831,073 8.14% 5 591,825 828,555 766,215 1.27%
28 28  Oklahoma 3,930,864 3,751,616 4.78% 5 561,552 786,173 750,270 1.21%
29 30  Connecticut 3,588,184 3,574,118 0.39% 5 512,598 717,637 714,824 1.10%
29  Puerto Rico 3,337,177 3,726,157 -10.44% 1 (non-voting) 1.01%
30 31  Iowa 3,145,711 3,046,869 3.24% 4 524,285 786,428 761,717 0.97%
31 35  Utah 3,101,833 2,763,888 12.23% 4 516,972 775,458 690,972 0.95%
32 33  Arkansas 3,004,279 2,915,958 3.03% 4 500,713 751,070 728,990 0.92%
33 36  Nevada 2,998,039 2,700,691 11.01% 4 499,673 749,510 675,173 0.92%
34 32  Mississippi 2,984,100 2,968,103 0.54% 4 497,350 746,025 742,026 0.92%
35 34  Kansas 2,913,123 2,853,132 2.10% 4 485,521 728,281 713,280 0.89%
36 37  New Mexico 2,088,070 2,059,192 1.40% 3 417,614 696,023 686,393 0.64%
37 39  Nebraska 1,920,076 1,826,341 5.13% 3 384,015 640,025 608,780 0.59%
38 38  West Virginia 1,815,857 1,853,011 -2.01% 3 363,171 605,285 617,670 0.56%
39 40  Idaho 1,716,943 1,567,652 9.52% 2 429,236 858,472 783,826 0.53%
40 41  Hawaii 1,427,538 1,360,301 4.94% 2 356,885 713,769 680,151 0.44%
41 43  New Hampshire 1,342,795 1,316,466 2.00% 2 335,699 671,398 658,233 0.41%
42 42  Maine 1,335,907 1,328,361 0.57% 2 333,977 667,954 664,181 0.41%
43 44  Rhode Island 1,059,639 1,052,931 0.64% 2 264,910 529,820 526,466 0.33%
44 45  Montana 1,050,493 989,417 6.17% 1 350,164 1,050,493 989,417 0.32%
45 46  Delaware 961,939 897,936 7.13% 1 320,646 961,939 897,936 0.30%
46 47  South Dakota 869,666 814,191 6.81% 1 289,889 869,666 814,191 0.27%
47 49   North Dakota 755,393 672,591 12.31% 1 251,798 755,393 672,591 0.23%
48 48  Alaska 739,795 710,249 4.16% 1 246,598 739,795 710,249 0.23%
51  District of Columbia 693,972 601,767 15.32% 1 (non-voting) 231,324 0.21%
49 50  Vermont 623,657 625,745 -0.33% 1 207,886 623,657 625,745 0.19%
50 52  Wyoming 579,315 563,767 2.76% 1 193,105 579,315 563,767 0.18%
53  Guam 165,718[5] 159,358[6] 3.99% 1 (non-voting) 0.06%
54  U.S. Virgin Islands 104,914[7] 106,405[8] -1.40% 1 (non-voting) 0.04%
55  American Samoa 55,641[9] 55,519[10] 0.22% 1 (non-voting) 0.01%
56  Northern Mariana Islands 55,194[11] 53,883[12] 2.43% 1 (non-voting) 0.00%
57  Wake Island 100 188 -46.81% 0 0.00%
58  Palmyra Atoll 20 20 0.00% 0 0.00%
59  Midway Atoll 40 0 inf 0 0.00%
 Johnston Atoll 0 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
 Baker Island 0 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
 Howland Island 0 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
 Jarvis Island 0 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
 Kingman Reef 0 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
Navassa Island 0 0 0.00% 0 0.00%
Contiguous United States 323,551,845 306,687,555 5.50% 432 (+ 1 non-voting) 98.18%
The fifty states 325,025,206 308,156,338 5.47% 435 737,348 708,376 98.48%
Fifty states + D.C. 325,719,178 308,758,105 5.49% 435 (+ 1 non-voting) 98.67%
Total U.S. (including D.C. and territories) 329,431,520 312,913,872 5.28% 435 (+ 6 non-voting) 100.00%
  1. ^ This figure for each state compares to a national increase of 5.50%.
  2. ^ Each state has a number of votes in the Electoral College equal to two more than its number of representatives in the U.S. House, while DC is granted 3 electoral votes. The Electoral College is used to elect the President of the United States.
  3. ^ Because of rounding of the individual percentages, the entries in this column may not sum to 100%.

Summary of population by region[edit]

Legend
Division totals – 9 divisions for 50 states and D.C.
Region totals – 4 regions ( 2 or 3 divisions each)
Individual territories
Total U.S. Territories
50 States + District of Columbia
Divisions & regions as defined by U.S. Census Bureau
Last col. shows larger region which contains entity in col. 1
Population of states, territories, divisions and regions
State/Territory/
Division/Region
Rank 2017
population
Rank 2010
population
Rank 2000
population
Rank 2000-
2010
change
Geographic
sort
 Massachusetts 15 6,859,819 14 6,547,629 13 6,349,097 43 3.1% NEng
 Connecticut 29 3,588,184 29 3,574,097 29 3,405,565 35 4.9% NEng
 Maine 42 1,335,907 41 1,328,361 40 1,274,923 39 4.2% NEng
 New Hampshire 41 1,342,795 42 1,316,470 41 1,235,786 32 6.5% NEng
 Rhode Island 43 1,059,639 43 1,052,567 43 1,048,319 49 0.4% NEng
 Vermont 49 623,657 49 625,741 49 608,827 44 2.8% NEng
       New England 9 14,810,001 9 14,444,865 9 13,922,517 7 3.8% NEast
 New York 3 19,849,399 3 19,378,102 3 18,976,457 46 2.1% MAtl
 Pennsylvania 5 12,805,537 6 12,702,379 6 12,281,054 41 3.4% MAtl
 New Jersey 11 9,005,644 11 8,791,894 9 8,414,350 37 4.5% MAtl
       Mid-Atlantic 4 41,660,580 4 40,872,375 4 39,671,861 8 3.0% NEast
       Northeast 4 56,470,581 4 55,317,240 4 53,594,378 4 3.2% USA
 Florida 4 19,552,860 4 18,801,310 4 15,982,378 8 17.6% SAtl
 Georgia 8 9,992,167 9 9,687,653 10 8,186,453 7 18.3% SAtl
 North Carolina 10 9,848,060 10 9,535,483 11 8,049,313 6 18.5% SAtl
 Virginia 12 8,260,405 12 8,001,024 12 7,078,515 16 13.0% SAtl
 Maryland 19 5,928,814 19 5,773,552 19 5,296,486 23 9.0% SAtl
 South Carolina 24 4,774,839 24 4,625,364 26 4,012,012 10 15.3% SAtl
 West Virginia 38 1,854,304 37 1,852,994 37 1,808,344 45 2.5% SAtl
 Delaware 45 925,749 45 897,934 45 783,600 11 14.6% SAtl
 District of Columbia -- 646,449 -- 601,723 -- 572,059 -- 5.2% SAtl
       South Atlantic 1 64,705,532 1 59,777,037 1 51,769,160 3 15.5% South
 Tennessee 17 6,495,978 17 6,346,105 16 5,689,283 19 11.5% ESC
 Alabama 23 4,833,722 23 4,779,736 23 4,447,100 27 7.5% ESC
 Kentucky 26 4,395,295 26 4,339,367 25 4,041,769 28 7.4% ESC
 Mississippi 31 2,991,207 31 2,967,297 31 2,844,658 38 4.3% ESC
       East South Central 8 19,029,020 8 18,432,505 8 17,022,810 5 8.3% South
 Texas 2 26,448,193 2 25,145,561 2 20,851,820 5 20.6% WSC
 Louisiana 25 4,625,470 25 4,533,372 22 4,468,976 48 1.4% WSC
 Oklahoma 28 3,850,568 28 3,751,351 27 3,450,654 24 8.7% WSC
 Arkansas 32 2,959,373 32 2,915,918 33 2,673,400 22 9.1% WSC
       West South Central 5 39,924,072 5 36,346,202 5 31,444,850 2 15.6% South
       South 1 123,658,624 1 114,555,744 1 100,236,820 1 14.3% USA
 Illinois 6 12,882,135 5 12,830,632 5 12,419,293 42 3.3% ENC
 Ohio 7 11,570,808 7 11,536,504 7 11,353,140 47 1.6% ENC
 Michigan 10 9,895,622 8 9,883,640 8 9,938,444 50 -0.6% ENC
 Indiana 17 6,570,902 15 6,483,802 14 6,080,485 31 6.6% ENC
 Wisconsin 20 5,742,713 20 5,686,986 18 5,363,675 34 6.0% ENC
       East North Central 3 46,885,244 3 46,421,564 2 45,155,037 9 2.8% MWest
 Missouri 18 6,044,171 18 5,988,927 17 5,595,211 29 7.0% WNC
 Minnesota 22 5,420,380 21 5,303,925 21 4,919,479 26 7.8% WNC
 Iowa 30 3,090,416 30 3,046,355 30 2,926,324 40 4.1% WNC
 Kansas 34 2,893,957 33 2,853,118 32 2,688,418 33 6.1% WNC
 Nebraska 37 1,868,516 38 1,826,341 38 1,711,263 30 6.7% WNC
 South Dakota 46 844,877 46 814,180 46 754,844 25 7.9% WNC
  North Dakota 47 723,393 48 672,591 47 642,200 36 4.7% WNC
       West North Central 7 21,294,107 7 20,505,437 6 19,237,739 6 6.6% MWest
       Midwest 3 68,179,351 3 66,927,001 2 64,392,776 3 3.9% USA
 Arizona 14 7,016,270 16 6,392,017 20 5,130,632 2 24.6% Mtn
 Colorado 21 5,607,154 22 5,029,196 24 4,301,261 9 16.9% Mtn
 Utah 31 3,101,833 34 2,763,885 34 2,233,169 3 23.8% Mtn
 Nevada 33 2,998,039 35 2,700,551 35 1,998,257 1 35.1% Mtn
 New Mexico 36 2,088,070 36 2,059,179 36 1,819,046 15 13.2% Mtn
 Idaho 39 1,716,943 39 1,567,582 39 1,293,953 4 21.1% Mtn
 Montana 44 1,050,493 44 989,415 44 902,195 21 9.7% Mtn
 Wyoming 50 579,315 50 563,626 50 493,782 12 14.1% Mtn
       Mountain 6 24,158,117 6 22,065,451 7 18,172,295 1 21.4% West
 California 1 39,536,653 1 37,253,956 1 33,871,648 20 10.0% Pac
 Washington 13 7,405,743 13 6,724,540 15 5,894,121 13 14.1% Pac
 Oregon 27 4,142,776 27 3,831,074 28 3,421,399 18 12.0% Pac
 Hawaii 40 1,427,538 40 1,360,301 42 1,211,537 17 12.3% Pac
 Alaska 48 739,795 47 710,231 48 626,932 14 13.3% Pac
       Pacific 2 53,252,505 2 49,880,102 3 45,025,637 4 10.8% West
       West 2 77,410,622 2 71,945,553 3 63,197,932 2 13.8% USA
 50 states and D.C. -- 325,719,178 -- 308,745,538 -- 281,421,906 -- 9.7% NAmer
 Puerto Rico 1 3,337,177 1 3,725,789 1 3,808,610 3 -2.2% Terr.
 Guam 2 [note 1] 2 159,358 2 154,805 1 2.9% Terr.
 U.S. Virgin Islands 3 [note 1] 3 106,405 3 108,612 2 -2.0% Terr.
 American Samoa 4 [note 1] 4 55,519 5 57,291 4 -3.1% Terr.
 Northern Mariana Islands 5 [note 1] 5 53,883 4 69,221 5 -22.2% Terr.
       Total Territories -- 3,712,342 -- 4,100,954 -- 4,198,539 -- -2.3% USA
  1. ^ a b c d There is no official population estimate for American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and United States Virgin Islands between the decennial censuses.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General
  • "National Totals: Vintage 2015". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 23 December 2015. Retrieved 24 December 2015.
  • "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-12-26.
  • "2010 Apportionment Population", U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2011
  • "2009 Census estimates". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2010-08-07. Retrieved 2010-08-13.
  • Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1995, U.S. Census Bureau, Section 29: Outlying Areas, Table No. 1347. Land Area and Population Characteristics, by [Outlying] Area: 1990 (page 828). Retrieved May 28, 2011
Specific
  1. ^ "FAQ: Does the Census Bureau collect data on the number of unauthorized migrants?". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-05-13.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "FAQ: Will 2010 Census apportionment population counts also include any Americans overseas?". U. S Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-05-13.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ Office of the Federal Register. "A Procedural Guide to the Electoral College". National Archives and Records Administration. Archived from the original on 2010-05-28. Retrieved 2010-08-13.
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017" (XLSX). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
  5. ^ www.worldometers.info/world-population/guam-population/
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-09-24. Retrieved 2010-09-12.
  7. ^ "U.S. Virgin Islands Population (2018) - Worldometers". www.worldometers.info.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-11-01. Retrieved 2012-12-13.
  9. ^ "American Samoa Population (2018) - Worldometers". www.worldometers.info.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-07-23. Retrieved 2012-09-11.
  11. ^ http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/northern-mariana-islands-population/
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-12-23. Retrieved 2012-03-02.

External links[edit]

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