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Current delegation
since January 3, 2007

Vermont was admitted to the Union on March 4, 1791. From the 1850s until well into the 20th century, Vermont was always represented by members of the Republican Party. Its current United States Senators are Democrat Patrick Leahy and Independent Bernie Sanders. Leahy is the only Democrat ever elected to the Senate from Vermont. Having been in office since 1975, Leahy is currently the most senior incumbent Senator, and is the last one to have served during the presidency of Gerald Ford.

List of Senators[edit]

Class 1

Class 1 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 1994, 2000, 2006, and 2012. The next election will be in 2018.

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Class 3

Class 3 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 1998, 2004, 2010, and 2016. The next election will be in 2022.

# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
e
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m
T
e
r
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Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
1 Mosesrobinson.jpg
Moses Robinson
Anti-
Administration
October 17, 1791 –
October 15, 1796
Elected in 1791.

Resigned.
1 2nd 1 Elected in 1791.

Lost re-election.
October 17, 1791 –
March 3, 1795
Anti-
Administration
StephenRBradley.jpg
Stephen R. Bradley
1
3rd
Democratic-
Republican
4th 2 Elected in 1794. March 4, 1795 –
September 1, 1801
Federalist Senatorelijahpaine.jpg
Elijah Paine
2
Vacant October 15, 1796 –
October 18, 1796
 
2 Isaac Tichenor.jpg
Isaac Tichenor
Federalist October 18, 1796 –
October 17, 1797
Elected in 1796 to finish Robinson's term.
Elected in 1796 to full term.

Resigned to become Governor of Vermont.
2 5th
3 Nathaniel Chipman (US Senator from Vermont).jpg
Nathaniel Chipman
Federalist October 17, 1797 –
March 3, 1803
Elected in 1797 to finish Tichenor's term.

Lost re-election.
6th
7th 3 Re-elected in 1800.

Resigned.
  September 1, 1801 –
October 15, 1801
Vacant
Elected to finish Paine's term. October 15, 1801 –
March 3, 1813
Democratic-
Republican
StephenRBradley.jpg
Stephen R. Bradley
3
4 Israel Smith Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1803 –
October 1, 1807
Elected in 1802.

Resigned.
3 8th
9th
10th 4 Re-elected in 1806.

Retired.
Vacant October 1, 1807 –
October 10, 1807
 
5 Jonathan Robinson Democratic-
Republican
October 10, 1807 –
March 3, 1815
Elected to finish Smith's term.
Re-elected in 1808.[1]

Retired.
4 11th
12th
13th 5 Elected October 21, 1812.[2]

Resigned.
March 4, 1813 –
November 3, 1817
Democratic-
Republican
Dudley Chase 4
6 Isaac Tichenor.jpg
Isaac Tichenor
Federalist March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1821
Elected in 1814.[3]

Retired.[4]
5 14th
15th
Elected to finish Chase's term.

Resigned.
November 4, 1817 –
January 8, 1818
Democratic-
Republican
James Fisk politician.jpg
James Fisk
5
  January 8, 1818 –
October 20, 1818
Vacant
Elected in 1818 to finish Fisk's term. October 20, 1818 –
March 3, 1825
Democratic-
Republican
William A. Palmer.jpg
William A. Palmer
6
16th 6 Elected in 1818 also to the following term.

Retired.
7 Horatio seymour.jpg
Horatio Seymour
Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1833
Elected in 1821. 6 17th
Adams-Clay
Democratic-
Republican
18th Adams-Clay
Democratic-
Republican
Anti-
Jacksonian
19th 7 Elected in 1825.

Declined to run for reelection.[5]
March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1831
Anti-
Jacksonian
Dudley Chase 7
Adams Re-elected in 1827.
Retired to run for Governor of Vermont;
7 20th Adams
Anti-
Jacksonian
21st Anti-
Jacksonian
22nd 8 Elected in 1831. March 4, 1831 –
April 11, 1842
Anti-
Jacksonian
SPrentiss.jpg
Samuel Prentiss
8
8 BSwift.jpg
Benjamin Swift
Anti-
Jacksonian
March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1839
Elected in 1833.

Retired.
8 23rd
24th
Whig 25th 9 Re-elected in 1837.

Resigned.
Whig
9 Samuel Shethar Phelps.jpg
Samuel S. Phelps
Whig March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1851
Elected in 1839. 9 26th
27th
  April 11, 1842 –
April 23, 1842
Vacant
Appointed to continue Prentiss's term.

Elected October 26, 1842 to finish Prentiss's term.[6]

Retired.
April 23, 1842 –
March 3, 1843
Whig Samuel Crafts.jpg
Samuel C. Crafts
9
28th 10 Elected in 1843. March 4, 1843 –
January 14, 1853
Whig WUpham.jpg
William Upham
10
Re-elected in 1845.

Defeated for reelection in 1850.[7]
10 29th
30th
31st 11 Re-elected in 1848.

Died.
10 Solomon Foot - Brady-Handy.jpg
Solomon Foot
Whig March 4, 1851 –
March 28, 1866
Elected in 1850. 11 32nd
  January 14, 1853 –
January 17, 1853
Vacant
Appointed to continue Upham's term.

Lost entitlement to sit.[8]
January 17, 1853 –
March 16, 1854
Whig Samuel Shethar Phelps.jpg
Samuel S. Phelps
11
33rd
  March 16, 1854 –
October 14, 1854
Vacant
Elected to finish Upham's term.

Retired.
October 14, 1854 –
March 3, 1855
Free Soil Lawrence Brainerd.jpg
Lawrence Brainerd
12
Republican 34th 12 Elected in 1855. March 4, 1855 –
November 9, 1865
Republican JCollamer2.jpg
Jacob Collamer
13
Re-elected in 1856. 12 35th
36th
37th 13 Re-elected in 1861.

Died.
Re-elected in 1862.

Died.
13 38th
39th
  November 9, 1865 –
November 21, 1865
Vacant
Appointed to continue Collamer's term.

Elected October 24, 1866 to finish Collamer's term.[6]

Lost re-election.
November 21, 1865 –
March 3, 1867
Republican Luke Potter Poland.jpg
Luke P. Poland
14
Vacant March 28, 1866 –
April 3, 1866
 
11 George F. Edmunds - Brady-Handy.jpg
George F. Edmunds
Republican April 3, 1866 –
November 1, 1891
Appointed to continue Foot's term.

Elected October 24, 1866 to finish Foot's term.[6]
40th 14 Elected in 1866. March 4, 1867 –
December 28, 1898
Republican Justin Smith Morrill - Brady-Handy.jpg
Justin S. Morrill
15
Re-elected in 1868. 14 41st
42nd
43rd 15 Re-elected in 1872.
Re-elected in 1874. 15 44th
45th
46th 16 Re-elected in 1878.
Re-elected in 1880. 16 47th
48th
49th 17 Re-elected in 1884.
Re-elected in 1886.

Resigned to start a law practice.
17 50th
51st
52nd 18 Re-elected in 1890.
12 Redfield Proctor, bw photo portrait, 1904.jpg
Redfield Proctor
Republican November 2, 1891 –
March 4, 1908
Appointed to continue Edmund's term.

Elected October 19, 1892 to finish Edmund's term.[6]
Re-elected in 1892. 18 53rd
54th
55th 19 Re-elected in 1896.

Died.
  December 28, 1898 –
January 11, 1899
Vacant
Appointed to continue Morrill's term.

Retired when successor elected.
January 11, 1899 –
October 18, 1900
Republican Johnathan Ross Senator.jpg
Jonathan Ross
16
Re-elected in 1898. 19 56th
Elected to finish Morrill's term. October 18, 1900 –
July 23, 1923
Republican William Paul Dillingham.jpg
William P. Dillingham
17
57th
58th 20 Re-elected October 14, 1902.[9]
Re-elected in 1904.

Died.
20 59th
60th
Vacant March 4, 1908 –
March 24, 1908
 
13 John Wolcott Stewart.jpg
John W. Stewart
Republican March 24, 1908 –
October 21, 1908
Appointed to continue Protor's term.

Retired.
14 Carroll Smalley Page.jpg
Carroll S. Page
Republican October 21, 1908 –
March 3, 1923
Elected to finish Stewart's term.
61st 21 Re-elected October 20, 1908.
Re-elected October 18, 1910. 21 62nd
63rd
64th 22 Re-elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.

Retired.
22 65th
66th
67th 23 Re-elected in 1920.

Died.
15 FrankLGreene.jpg
Frank L. Greene
Republican March 4, 1923 –
December 17, 1930
Elected in 1922. 23 68th
  July 23, 1923 –
November 7, 1923
Vacant
Elected to finish Dillingham's term. November 7, 1923 –
October 6, 1933
Republican Porter Dale Senator.jpg
Porter H. Dale
18
69th
70th 24 Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.

Died.
24 71st
Vacant December 17, 1930 –
December 23, 1930
 
16 Frank C. Partridge.jpg
Frank C. Partridge
Republican December 23, 1930 –
March 31, 1931
Appointed to continue Greene's term.

Lost nomination to finish Greene's term.
72nd
17 Austin Warren Robinson.jpg
Warren Austin
Republican April 1, 1931 –
August 2, 1946
Elected to finish Greene's term.
73rd 25 Re-elected in 1932.

Died.
  October 6, 1933 –
November 21, 1933
Vacant
Appointed to continue Dale's term.

Elected January 17, 1934 to finish Dale's term.[6]
November 21, 1933 –
June 20, 1940
Republican Ernest W. Gibson.jpg
Ernest W. Gibson
19
Re-elected in 1934. 25 74th
75th
76th 26 Re-elected in 1938.

Died.
  June 20, 1940 –
June 24, 1940
Vacant
Appointed to continue his father's term.

Retired.
June 24, 1940 –
January 3, 1941
Republican Ernest W. Gibson Jr..jpg
Ernest W. Gibson Jr.
20
Re-elected in 1940.

Resigned to become U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations
26 77th Elected in 1940 to finish Gibson's term.

Didn't take seat until January 10, 1941 as he wanted to remain Governor of Vermont. However, he was duly elected and qualified as Senator.
January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1975
Republican George David Aiken.jpg
George Aiken
21
78th
79th 27 Re-elected in 1944.
Vacant August 2, 1946 –
November 1, 1946
 
18 Ralph Edward Flanders.jpg
Ralph Flanders
Republican November 1, 1946 –
January 3, 1959
Appointed to finish Austin's term.
Elected in 1946. 27 80th
81st
82nd 28 Re-elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.

Retired.
28 83rd
84th
85th 29 Re-elected in 1956.
19 WinstonProuty.jpg
Winston L. Prouty
Republican January 3, 1959 –
September 10, 1971
Elected in 1958. 29 86th
87th
88th 30 Re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964. 30 89th
90th
91st 31 Re-elected in 1968.

Retired.
Re-elected in 1970.

Died.
31 92nd
Vacant September 10, 1971 –
September 16, 1971
 
20 Robert Theodore Stafford.jpg
Robert Stafford
Republican September 16, 1971 –
January 3, 1989
Appointed to continue Prouty's term.

Elected January 7, 1972 to finish Prouty's term.[10]
93rd
94th 32 Elected in 1974. January 3, 1975 –
present
Democratic Patrick Leahy official photo.jpg
Patrick Leahy
22
Re-elected in 1976. 32 95th
96th
97th 33 Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.

Retired.
33 98th
99th
100th 34 Re-elected in 1986.
21 JeffordsJim(I-VT).jpg
Jim Jeffords
Republican January 3, 1989 –
June 6, 2001
Elected in 1988. 34 101st
102nd
103rd 35 Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994. 35 104th
105th
106th 36 Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.

Retired.
36 107th
Independent June 6, 2001 –
January 3, 2007
108th
109th 37 Re-elected in 2004.
22 Bernie Sanders.jpg
Bernie Sanders
Independent[11] January 3, 2007 –
present
Elected in 2006. 37 110th
111th
112th 38 Re-elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012. 38 113th
114th
115th 39 Re-elected in 2016.
To be determined in the 2018 election. 39 116th
117th
118th 40 To be determined in the 2022 election.
# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
e
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m
  T
e
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Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
Class 1 Class 3

Living former Senators[edit]

There are no living former U.S. Senators from Vermont. The last living former Senator was Jim Jeffords of Class 1 (1989–2007), who died August 18, 2014. The most recent Class 3 Senator to die was George Aiken (1941–1975) on November 19, 1984.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Vermont 1808 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 18, 2018. , citing Weekly Wanderer (Randolph, VT). November 7, 1808.
  2. ^ "Vermont 1812 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 23, 2018. , citing Columbian Phenix: or, Providence Patriot (Providence, RI). October 31, 1812.
  3. ^ "Tuesday, October 25th: Senator". Vermont Watchman. Montpelier, VT. October 27, 1814. p. 3. (Subscription required (help)). 
  4. ^ "Election results, Vermont 1820 U.S. Senate". A New Nation Votes: American Election returns 1787-1825. Medford, MA: Tufts University Digital Collections and Archives. Retrieved October 18, 2016. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Senator: Samuel Prentiss, Chief Justice of the Vermont Supreme Court, has been elected a senator to Congress from the state of Vermont, for a term of six years from the fourth of March next, in the place of the Hon. Dudley Chase, the present senator, who declined a re-election." Maryland Gazette. Annapolis, MD. November 4, 1830. p. 3. (Subscription required (help)). 
  6. ^ a b c d e Byrd, p. 176.
  7. ^ "Vermont Election of U.S. Senator". New-York Daily Tribune. New York, NY. October 21, 1850. p. 4. (Subscription required (help)). The ballot stood as follows: Whole number 220; Necessary to a choice 111; Foot 114, Linsley 61, Shafter 18, Smalley 14, Phelps 7, Follett 3, Royce 2, Daniel Roberts, jr 1 
  8. ^ Samuel S. Phelps was appointed by the governor during a recess of the state legislature, and the legislature later convened and adjourned a session without electing a senator to replace fill the vacancy. The Senate ruled that Phelps had lost his entitlement to sit when the legislature adjourned. See The Constitution in Congress. 
  9. ^ "Senator Dillingham Re-elected". The New York Times. October 15, 1902. p. 9. 
  10. ^ Byrd, p. 175.
  11. ^ The United States Senate website includes pages that refer to Bernie Sanders as an Independent (see search results for "Sanders (I-VT)" at www.senate.gov) as well as pages that refer to him as a Democrat, however the pages referring to him as a "Democrat" are dated before 2015 (possibly in error or in reference to his caucusing with the Democrats, not his later-declared party affiliation). (See search results for "Sanders (D-VT)" at www.senate.gov.) Although he is running as a Democrat in the presidential election, he has not changed his party affiliation on his own Senate webpages. (See http://www.sanders.senate.gov.)

Sources[edit]

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