This page lists notable alumni and students of the
University of California, Berkeley. Alumni who also served as faculty are listed in bold font, with degree and year.
Notable faculty members are in the article
List of UC Berkeley faculty.
Nobel laureates [ edit ]
Alumni of the University of California, Berkeley
, BA 1978, Nobel laureate (2006, Physiology or Medicine)
1983 Turing Award laureate
(left), BS 1965, MS 1966, with fellow laureate and colleague
(right); together, they created
, BA 2005, Olympic gold medalist; the first American female athlete in modern Olympic history to win six medals in one Olympics
See also: List of Nobel laureates associated with UC Berkeley
Thomas Cech, Ph.D. 1975 – Nobel laureate (1989, Chemistry), for the [7 ] "discovery of catalytic properties of RNA"
, Ph.D. 1976 – Nobel laureate (1997, Physics), Steven Chu for the [8 ] "development of methods to cool and trap ; atoms with laser light" Secretary of Energy in the Obama administration
Robert Curl, Ph.D. 1957– Nobel laureate (1996, Chemistry), for the [9 ] "discovery of fullerenes"
Joseph Erlanger, B.S. 1895 – Nobel laureate (1944, Physiology or Medicine), for [10 ] "discoveries relating to the highly differentiated functions of single nerve fibres"
Andrew Fire, B.A. 1978 – Nobel laureate (2006, Physiology or Medicine), for the [11 ] "discovery of RNA interference – gene silencing by double-stranded RNA"
, B.S. 1920, Ph.D. 1922 – Nobel laureate (1949, William F. Giauque Chemistry), [12 ] "for his contributions in the field of chemical thermodynamics, particularly concerning the behaviour of substances at extremely low temperatures"
Carol W. Greider, Ph.D. 1987 – Nobel laureate (2009, Medicine) [13 ] "for the discovery of how ; Daniel Nathans Professor and the Director of Molecular Biology and Genetics at the chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase" Johns Hopkins University
David Gross, Ph.D. 1966 – Nobel laureate (2004, Physics), [14 ] "for the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction"
Alan Heeger, Ph.D. 1961 – Nobel laureate (2000, Chemistry), [15 ] "for the discovery and development of conductive polymers"
Daniel Kahneman, Ph.D. 1961 – Nobel laureate (2002, Economics), [16 ] "for having integrated insights from psychological research into economic science, especially concerning human judgment and decision-making under uncertainty"
Lawrence Klein, B.A. 1942 – Nobel laureate (1980, Economics), [17 ] "for the creation of econometric models and the application to the analysis of economic fluctuations and economic policies"
Willis Lamb, B.S. 1934, Ph.D. 1938 – Nobel laureate (1955, Physics), [18 ] "for his discoveries concerning the fine structure of the hydrogen spectrum"
Robert Laughlin, B.A. 1972  – Nobel laureate (1998, Physics), for the [19 ] "discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations"
, Ph.D. 1962 – Nobel laureate (1986, Chemistry), Yuan T. Lee for [20 ] "contributions concerning the dynamics of chemical elementary processes"; Professor of Chemistry; Principal Investigator, Materials and Molecular Research Division, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory;
, B.S. 1931, Ph.D. 1933 – Professor of Chemistry, Nobel laureate (1960, Chemistry), Willard Libby [21 ] "for his method to use carbon-14 for age determination in archaeology, geology, geophysics, and other branches of science"
John C. Mather, Ph.D. 1974 – Nobel laureate (2006, Physics), for the [22 ] "discovery of the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation"
Mario Molina, Ph.D. 1972– Nobel laureate (1995, Chemistry), for [23 ] "work in atmospheric chemistry, particularly concerning the formation and decomposition of ozone"
Kary Mullis, Ph.D. 1973 – Nobel laureate (1993, Chemistry), [24 ] "for his invention of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method"
Douglass North, B.A. 1942, Ph.D. 1952– Nobel laureate (1993, Economics), [25 ] "for having renewed research in economic history by applying economic theory and quantitative methods in order to explain economic and institutional change"
, Ph.D. 1986 - Professor of Physics at UC Berkeley; co-discoverer of Saul Perlmutter Dark Energy as head of the Supernova Cosmology Project; Nobel laureate (2011, Physics) [26 ] "for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae"
Thomas J. Sargent, BA 1964 - William R. Berkley Professor of Economics and Business at [27 ] New York University, Nobel laureate (2011, Economics) [28 ] for [29 ] " empirical research on cause and effect in the macroeconomy"
Thomas Schelling, B.A. 1944 – Nobel laureate (2005, Economics), [30 ] "for having enhanced our understanding of conflict and cooperation through game-theory analysis"
, Ph.D. 1937 – University Professor of Chemistry; Associate Director, Glenn T. Seaborg Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory; Chancellor, Berkeley campus (1958–1961); Nobel laureate (1951, Chemistry), for [31 ] "discoveries in the chemistry of the transuranium elements"
Hamilton O. Smith, B.A. 1952 – Nobel laureate (1978, Physiology or Medicine), [32 ] "for the discovery of restriction enzymes and their application to problems of molecular genetics"
, L.L.D 1930 – Nobel laureate (1943, Nobel Prize in Physics), Otto Stern [33 ] "for his contribution to the development of the molecular ray method and his discovery of the magnetic moment of the proton"
Henry Taube, Ph.D. 1940 – Nobel laureate (1983, Chemistry ), [34 ] "for his work on the mechanisms of electron transfer reactions, especially in metal complexes"
Harold Urey, Ph.D. 1923 – Nobel laureate (1934, Chemistry), [35 ] "for his discovery of heavy hydrogen"
Selman Waksman, Ph.D. 1918 – Nobel laureate (1952, Physiology or Medicine), [36 ] "for his discovery of streptomycin, the first antibiotic effective against tuberculosis"
David J. Wineland, BA Physics 1965 — Nobel laureate (Physics, 2012) " [37 ] for ground-breaking experimental methods that enable measuring and manipulation of individual " quantum systems [38 ]
Turing Award laureates [ edit ]
Turing Award is considered to be the " Nobel Prize" of computer science.
Leonard Adleman B.A. 1968 (mathematics), Ph.D. 1976, the "A" in the [39 ] RSA encryption algorithm for computer security, co-recipient of the Turing Award in 2002 for the "ingenious contribution for making ". public-key cryptography useful in practice.
Douglas C. Engelbart, B.Eng. 1952, Ph.D. 1955 – Inventor of the [40 ] computer mouse, recipient of the National Medal of Technology in 2000, pioneer in hypertext and networked computers, recipient of the 1997 Turing Award "for an inspiring vision of the future of interactive computing and the invention of key technologies to help realize this vision."
Shafi Goldwasser, MS 1981, Ph.D. 1983 – co-recipient of the 2012 Turing Award (with Silvio Micali, PhD 1982) " for transformative work that laid the "; complexity-theoretic foundations for the science of cryptography and in the process pioneered new methods for efficient verification of mathematical proofs in complexity theory [41 ] RSA Professor of electrical engineering and computer science at MIT, professor of computer science and the mathematical sciences at the [42 ] Weizmann Institute of Science; recipient of two [42 ] Gödel Prizes (1993, " for the development of interactive proof systems" and 2001 " for the ") PCP theorem and its applications to hardness of approximation
Jim Gray, B.S. 1966, Ph.D. 1969 – Recipient of the 2001 Turing Award [43 ] "for seminal contributions to database and transaction processing research and technical leadership in system implementation."
Butler Lampson, Ph.D. 1967 – computer scientist, founding member of Xerox PARC, major contributor to the development of the personal computer, and recipient of the 1992 Turing Award [44 ] "for contributions to the development of distributed, personal computing environments and the technology for their implementation: workstations, networks, operating systems, programming systems, displays, security and document publishing."
Barbara Liskov, B.A. 1961 – first woman in the United States to earn a Ph.D. in Computer Science (in 1968 at Stanford), creator of CLU, professor at MIT; recipient of the 2008 Turing Award [45 ] " [46 ] for contributions to practical and theoretical foundations of programming language and system design, especially related to data abstraction, " fault tolerance, and distributed computing.
Silvio Micali, Ph.D. 1982 – co-recipient of the 2012 Turing Award (with Shafi Goldwasser, MS 1981, Ph.D. 1983) " for transformative work that laid the "; complexity-theoretic foundations for the science of cryptography and in the process pioneered new methods for efficient verification of mathematical proofs in complexity theory recipient of the [41 ] Gödel Prize in 1993 " for the development of interactive proof systems"; Ford Professor of Engineering at MIT [42 ]
Dana Scott, B.S. 1954 – computer scientist, co-recipient of the 1976 Turing Award with Michael O. Rabin, for "the joint paper (with Rabin) "Finite Automata and Their Decision Problem", which introduced the idea of "; former Associate Professor of Math at UC Berkeley, professor emeritus at nondeterministic machines, which has proved to be an enormously valuable concept. Their (Scott & Rabin) classic paper has been a continuous source of inspiration for subsequent work in this field Carnegie Mellon University
Charles P. Thacker, B.A. (physics) 1967 – [47 ] Microsoft Technical Fellow, chief designer of the Alto computer at Xerox PARC, co-inventor of Ethernet, recipient of the IEEE John von Neumann Medal in 2007, recipient of the Draper Prize in 2004; recipient of the 2009 Turing Award " [48 ] for the pioneering design and realization of the first modern personal computer—the Alto at Xerox PARC—and seminal inventions and contributions to local area networks (including the Ethernet), multiprocessor workstations, snooping cache coherence protocols, and tablet personal computers." [49 ]
Ken Thompson, B.S. EE 1965, M.S. EE 1966 – Co-creator of the Unix operating system and co-recipient of the 1983 Turing Award for the "development of generic operating systems theory and specifically for the implementation of the UNIX operating system."
Niklaus Wirth, Ph.D. 1967 – computer scientist, creator of the Pascal programming language, recipient of the 1984 Turing Award "for developing a sequence of innovative computer languages, EULER, ALGOL-W, MODULA and Pascal."
Academy Award [ edit ]
Mark Berger, B.A. 1964 – recipient of four Academy Awards for sound mixing and adjunct professor at UC Berkeley. [50 ]
Paul E. Debevec, Ph.D. 1996 – Associate Director of Graphics Research at the University of Southern California's Institute for Creative Technologies, recipient of a Scientific and Technical Academy Award in 2010 for work used on the [51 ] James Cameron film , the Avatar Sam Raimi film , and the Spider-Man 2 Peter Jackson film . King Kong Tony DeRose, Ph.D. 1985 – Senior Scientist and leader of the Research Group at
Pixar Animation Studios, recipient of a Scientific and Technical Academy Award in 2006 for work on surface representations [52 ]
Charles H. Ferguson, B.A. 1978 – recipient of an Academy Award for Best Documentary for (2010), Inside Job Academy Award nomination [53 ] for the documentary film [54 ] (2007), No End in Sight former fellow at the [55 ] Brookings Institution, lifelong member of the Council on Foreign Relations, co-founder of Vermeer Technologies Incorporated (acquired by Microsoft for $133 million ), founder and president of Representational Pictures [56 ]
Edith Head, B.A. in French 1918 – costume designer, recipient of eight Academy Awards and nominated for 34 [57 ] Academy Awards [57 ]
Chris Innis, B.A. (film studies) – recipient of the Academy Award for Best Film Editing (for [58 ] (2010)) The Hurt Locker [59 ]
Joe Letteri, B.A. 1981 – recipient of four Academy Awards for Best Visual Special Effects in films directed by [60 ] James Cameron ( ) and Avatar Peter Jackson ( , King Kong and The Two Towers ). The Return of the King [61 ]
Freida Lee Mock, B.A. 1961 – documentary filmmaker, recipient of the Academy Award for Best Documentary in 1995 (for ) Maya Lin: A Strong Clear Vision
Gregory Peck, B.A. 1939 – actor, recipient of the Academy Award for Best Actor for portrayal of Atticus Finch in (1962), nominated for the To Kill a Mockingbird Oscar four other times; served as president of the Screen Actors Guild
Walter Plunkett, B.A. 1923 – costume designer, recipient of the Academy Award for Best Costume Design for the 1951 film starring An American in Paris Gene Kelly
Loren L. Ryder, BA (physics and math)1924 – audio [62 ] sound engineer, recipient of six Academy Awards, nominated for another twelve more Academy Awards [63 ] [62 ]
Will Vinton, B.A. Architecture 1971 – pioneer of Claymation® ( [64 ] clay animation), co-recipient of the [65 ] Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film in 1974 ( ), Closed Mondays namesake and founder of [65 ] Will Vinton Studios (known for The California Raisins and the Domino's Pizza Noid), recipient of two Primetime Emmy Awards for Outstanding Animation programs ( and A Claymation Christmas Celebration A Claymation Easter )
Petro Vlahos, BS Eng 1941 – pioneer [66 ] [66 ] in [67 ] traveling matte (blue-screen and green-screen) visual effects technology (used in films such as , Ben-Hur , and the first Mary Poppins trilogy Star Wars ), recipient of five special Academy Awards [67 ] and an Emmy Award [68 ] [66 ]
Pulitzer Prize [ edit ]
Alexandra Berzon, M.A. 2006– Pulitzer Prize–winning journalist in 2009 [69 ]
Rube Goldberg, B.S. 1904 – cartoonist, winner of the Pulitzer Prize in 1948 [70 ]
Marguerite Higgins, B.A. 1941 – journalist, winner of the Pulitzer Prize in 1951, honored on a commemorative postal stamp issued by the United States Post Office [71 ]
Leon Litwack, B.A. 1951, PhD 1958 – professor emeritus of history at UC Berkeley, [72 ] Pulitzer Prize for History for his book [73 ] Been In the Storm So Long: The Aftermath of Slavery. [74 ]
Sonia Nazario, M.A. 1988 – journalist at the ; recipient of the 2003 Pulitzer Prize for Feature Writing Los Angeles Times [75 ] [76 ]
Matt Richtel, B.A. 1989 – winner of the 2010 Pulitzer Prize in National Reporting, co-author of the comic strip [77 ] Rudy Park under the pen name of "Theron Heir" [78 ]
Robert Penn Warren, M.A. 1927 – novelist and poet, who received the Pulitzer Prize three times; author of the [79 ] Pulitzer Prize-winning novel (1946), later made into a All the King's Men movie of the same name which won three Academy Awards .
Emmy Award [ edit ]
Kathy Baker, B.A. 1977 – three-time recipient of the Emmy Award, actress ( [TV series, 1992–1996)]; Picket Fences , The Right Stuff , Edward Scissorhands , The Cider House Rules ) Cold Mountain
Christine Chen BA 1990 – journalist, former news Anchor for KSTW and KCPQ-TV (both in Seattle, Washington), recipient of two Emmy Awards (1996 and 2002 ); principal of marketing communications consulting company Chen Communications [80 ] Carrie Ching, M.A. 2005 – journalist; recipient of an Emmy Award for New Approaches to News & Documentary
Liz Claman, B.A. 1985 – journalist, current Fox Business anchor ( ), former Countdown to the Closing Bell CNBC co-anchor, Morning Call recipient of two [82 ] Emmy Awards for broadcast production and journalism [83 ]
Jon H. Else, B.A. 1968 – Prix Italia recipient ( ), recipient of four The Day After Trinity Emmy Awards, nominated twice for the [84 ] Academy Award, 1999 winner of the Sundance Film Festival Filmmaker's Trophy, MacArthur Genius Grant Fellow, cinematographer on the Academy Award winning , professor of journalism at UC Berkeley Who Are the DeBolts? And Where Did They Get Nineteen Kids? Ken Milnes, B.S. EECS 1977 – Senior Vice-President of television technology company
Sportvision, recipient of four Emmy Awards in broadcasting technology [85 ] Linda Schacht, B.A. 1966, M.A. 1981 – journalist, recipient of two
Emmy Awards for broadcast journalism; [86 ] lecturer at the UC Berkeley Graduate School of Journalism [87 ]
Andrew Schneider, B.A. 1973 – screenwriter and executive producer, co-recipient of an Emmy Award in 1992 for Northern Exposure
Leroy Sievers, B.A. – news journalist, executive producer of news program [88 ] , recipient of 12 national news Nightline Emmy Awards, two Peabody Awards, and two Alfred I. duPont-Columbia University Awards [88 ] [89 ] Lisa Stark, B.A. 1978 –
ABC News correspondent, recipient of two Emmy Awards for broadcast journalism, recipient of the [90 ] Peabody Award and an [90 ] Alfred I. duPont-Columbia University Award. [90 ] Kristen Sze, B.A. – journalist, TV news anchor for
KGO-TV (in the San Francisco Bay area), former New York correspondent for , recipient of two Extra Emmy Awards for broadcast journalism [91 ]
Will Vinton, B.A. Architecture 1971 – pioneer of Claymation® ( [64 ] clay animation), co-recipient of the [65 ] Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film in 1974 ( ), Closed Mondays namesake and founder of [65 ] Will Vinton Studios (known for The California Raisins and the Domino's Pizza Noid), recipient of two Primetime Emmy Awards for Outstanding Animation programs ( and A Claymation Christmas Celebration A Claymation Easter ) (also listed in Academy Awards section)
Petro Vlahos, BS Eng 1941 – pioneer [66 ] [66 ] in [67 ] traveling matte (blue-screen and green-screen) visual effects technology (used in films such as , Ben-Hur , and the first Mary Poppins trilogy Star Wars ), recipient of five special Academy Awards [67 ] and an Emmy Award [68 ] (also listed in [66 ] Academy Awards section)
Fields Medal [ edit ]
Wolf Prize [ edit ]
, Ph.D. 1986 – recipient of the 2012 Wolf Prize in Chemistry, Paul Alivisatos for the development of [92 ] "the colloidal inorganic nanocrystal as a building block of nanoscience making fundamental contributions to controlling the synthesis of these particles, to measuring and understanding their physical properties, and to utilizing their unique properties for applications ranging from light generation and harvesting to biological imaging." [93 ]
George Feher, B.S. 1950, M.S. 1951, Ph.D. 1954 – inventor [94 ] of [95 ] electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR); professor at the University of California, San Diego; recipient of the Wolf Prize (Chemistry, 2006/2007) " [96 ] for the ingenious structural discoveries of the " ribosomal machinery of peptide-bond formation and the light-driven primary processes in photosynthesis [97 ]
Bertrand Halperin Ph.D. 1965 – Hollis Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy at [98 ] Harvard University; recipient of the Wolf Prize (Physics, 2002–2003) " for key insights into the broad range of " condensed matter physics... on two- dimensional melting, disordered systems and strongly interacting electrons. [99 ]
, Ph.D. 1949 George Pimentel – professor at UC Berkeley (1949–1989); inventor of the [100 ] chemical laser ; recipient of the Wolf Prize (Chemistry, 1982) for the " development of " matrix isolation spectroscopy and for the discovery of photodissociation lasers and chemical lasers. [97 ]
Gary Ruvkun, B.A. Biophysics 1973 – recipient of the [101 ] Wolf Prize (Medicine, 2014) [102 ] [103 ] "for the discovery of the micro-RNA molecules that play a key role in controlling gene expression in natural processes and disease development."
Chien-Shiung Wu, Ph.D. 1940 – professor of physics at [104 ] Columbia University (1940–1980) ;recipient of the Wolf Prize (Physics, 1978) " for her explorations of the "; weak interaction, helping establish the precise form and the non-conservation of parity for this natural force first female president of the [99 ] American Physical Society [104 ]
Shing-Tung Yau, Ph.D. 1971 [105 ] – (also listed in [106 ] Fields Medal) professor of mathematics at Harvard University; Fields Medal laureate; recipient of the Wolf Prize (Mathematics, 2010) " for his work in geometric analysis that has had a profound and dramatic impact on many areas of geometry and physics" [107 ]
National Medal of Science [ edit ]
Berni Alder, BS 1947, MS 1948 - recipient of the 2009 National Medal of Science [108 ] "for establishing powerful computer methods useful for molecular dynamics simulations, conceiving and executing experimental shock-wave simulations to obtain properties of fluids and solids at very high pressures, and developing Monte Carlo methods for calculating the properties of matter from first principles, all of which contributed to major achievements in the science of condensed matter." [109 ]
John N. Bahcall, B.S. 1956, astrophysicist, best known for his work on the [110 ] Standard Solar Model and the Hubble Space Telescope, recipient of the National Medal of Science in 1998 [110 ] "for his fundamental contributions to areas of modern astrophysics ranging from , solar neutrino physics to the structure of the Milky Way Galaxy to cosmology, and for his leadership of the astronomical community, especially his tireless advocacy of the Hubble Space Telescope." recipient of the [111 ] NASA Distinguished Public Service Medal in 1992, co-winner of the [110 ] Fermi award in 2003
John W. Cahn, Ph.D. 1953 – materials scientist, recipient of the National Medal of Science in 1998 "for his pioneering work on thermodynamics and kinetics of phase transitions and diffusion, on interfacial phenomena, and for his contributions to the understanding of periodic and quasi-periodic structures." [112 ]
Brent Dalrymple, PhD 1963- recipient of the 2003 National Medal of Science "for his pioneering work in determining the geomagnetic polarity reversal timescale; a discovery that led to the theory of plate tectonics." [113 ]
Henry Eyring, Ph.D. 1927 – namesake of the Eyring equation ;Professor of Chemistry ( Princeton University), dean of the University of Utah graduate school and recipient of the National Medal of Science in 1966 "for contributions to our understanding of the structure and properties of matter, especially for his creation of absolute rate theory, one of the sharpest tools in the study of rates of chemical reaction." [114 ]
T.Y. Lin, M.S. 1933 – Professor of Civil Engineering, bridge builder, pioneering researcher and practitioner of prestressed concrete, designed Moscone Center, recipient of the National Medal of Science in 1986 "for his work as an engineer, teacher and author whose scientific analyses, technological innovation, and visionary designs have spanned the gulf not only between science and art, but also between technology and society." [115 ]
Susan Solomon, M.S. 1979, Ph.D. 1981 – Senior Scientist, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), recipient of the National Medal of Science in 2000 "for key scientific insights in explaining the cause of the Antarctic Ozone hole and for advancing the understanding of the global ozone layer; for changing the direction of ozone research through her findings; and for exemplary service to worldwide public policy decisions and to the American public." [116 ]
Peter J. Stang, Ph.D. 1966 – recipient of the National Medal of Science in 2010 "for his creative contributions to the development of organic ; supramolecular chemistry and for his outstanding and unique record of public service." professor of chemistry at the [117 ] University of Utah
JoAnne Stubbe, PhD 1971 - recipient of the National Medal of Science in 2008 [108 ] "for her ground-breaking experiments establishing the mechanisms of ribonucleotide reductases, polyester synthases, and natural product DNA cleavers compelling demonstrations of the power of chemical investigations to solve problems in biology." [118 ]
Shing-Tung Yau, Ph.D. 1971 – mathematician, recipient of the Fields Medal in 1982, recipient of the National Medal of Science in 1997 "for his fundamental contributions in mathematics and physics. Through his work, the understanding of basic geometric differential equations has been changed and he has expanded their role enormously within mathematics." [119 ]
National Medal of Technology [ edit ]
Glen Culler, BA Math 1951 – recipient of the National Medal of Technology in 1999 "for pioneering innovations in multiple branches of computing, including early efforts in digital speech processing, invention of the first on-line system for interactive graphical mathematics computing and pioneering work on the ARPAnet" [120 ]
Doug Engelbart, B. Eng. 1952, Ph.D. 1965 – recipient of the National Medal of Technology in 2000 "for creating the foundations of personal computing including continuous, real-time interaction based on cathode-ray tube displays and the mouse, hypertext linking, text editing, on-line journals, shared-screen teleconferencing, and remote collaborative work. More than any other person, he created the personal computing component of the computer revolution." [121 ]
Gordon Moore, B.S. 1950 – co-founder of NASDAQ-100 company Intel, namesake and originator of Moore's Law, co-founder of NASDAQ-100 semiconductor manufacturing company Intel, recipient of the National Medal of Technology in 1990 "for his seminal leadership in bringing American industry the two major postwar innovations in microelectronics - large-scale integrated memory and the microprocessor - that have fueled the information revolution." [122 ]
Ken Thompson, B.S. EE 1965, M.S. EE 1966 – Co-creator of the Unix operating system and co-recipient of the 1983 Turing Award, co-recipient of the National Medal of Technology in 1998 for the "invention of the UNIX® operating system and the C programming language, which together have led to enormous growth of an entire industry, thereby enhancing American leadership in the Information Age." (also listed under [123 ] Turing Award laureates section)
Steve Wozniak, (class of 1976, BS EECS 1986)– co-founder of NASDAQ-100 computer manufacturing company Apple Inc., co-recipient (with Steve Jobs) of the National Medal of Technology in 1985 for the "development and introduction of the personal computer which has sparked the birth of a new industry extending the power of the computer to individual users." (also listed under [124 ] "Founders and cofounders" section)
Gödel Prize [ edit ]
Sanjeev Arora, Ph.D. 1994 – professor of computer science at Princeton University; recipient of two Gödel Prizes (2001 " for the " and 2010 for the " PCP theorem and its applications to hardness of approximation discovery of a ") polynomial-time approximation scheme (PTAS) for the Euclidean Travelling Salesman Problem (ETSP)
Shafi Goldwasser, MS 1981, Ph.D. 1983 – recipient of the 2012 Turing Award; RSA Professor of electrical engineering and computer science at MIT, professor of mathematical sciences at the Weizmann Institute of Science; recipient of two Gödel Prizes (1993, " for the development of interactive proof systems" and 2001 " for the ") (also listed in PCP theorem and its applications to hardness of approximation Turing Award laureates section)
Silvio Micali, Ph.D. 1982 – recipient of the 2012 Turing Award; recipient of the Gödel Prize in 1993 " for the development of interactive proof systems" (also listed in Turing Award laureates section)
Rajeev Motwani, Ph.D. 1988 – former professor of computer science at Stanford University; co-author of a research paper on the PageRank algorithm (with Larry Page, Sergey Brin, and Terry Winograd) which became the basis of Google; 2001 Gödel Prize recipient " [125 ] for the " PCP theorem and its applications to hardness of approximation
Madhu Sudan, Ph.D. 1992 – professor of computer science at MIT; 2001 Gödel Prize recipient " for the " PCP theorem and its applications to hardness of approximation
MacArthur Fellowship [ edit ]
MacArthur Fellowship is also known as the "Genius Grant" [126 ] [127 ] or "Genius Award" [128 ] [129 ] [130 ]
Joan Abrahamson, J.D. – President of the Jefferson Institute (a public policy think-tank); 1985 MacArthur Fellowship [131 ]
, Ph.D. 1993 – T.Z. and Irmgard Chu Distinguished Professor of Chemistry at UC Berkeley; 1999 MacArthur Fellowship Carolyn Bertozzi [132 ]
, Ph.D. 1963 – professor of statistics at UC Berkeley; 1984 MacArthur Fellowship Peter J. Bickel [133 ] [134 ]
Shawn Carlson, B.S. 1981 – co-founder of Society for Amateur Scientists, former columnist of "The Amateur Scientist" in Scientific American; "Head Cheese" of the LabRats Science Education Project (a "Boy Scouts" for young scientists); 1999 MacArthur Fellowship [126 ]
John Carlstrom, Ph.D. 1988 – professor of astrophysics at the University of Chicago; 1998 MacArthur Fellowship [129 ]
Stanley Cavell, B.A. 1947–philosopher, Walter M. Cabot Professor Emeritus at Harvard University; 1992 MacArthur Fellowship [135 ]
Sandy Close, B.A. 1964 – journalist, Executive Director of the Bay Area Institute/Pacific News Service and New America Media; 1995 MacArthur Fellowship [136 ]
Maria Crawford, Ph.D. 1964–professor emeritus of geology at Bryn Mawr College; 1993 MacArthur Fellowship [137 ]
Eric Coleman, Masters of Public Health 1991 – geriatrician, Professor at the University of Colorado School of Medicine; 2012 MacArthur Fellowship [138 ]
Corinne Dufka , MA social welfare – human rights investigator, senior researcher in the Africa Division of Human Rights Watch; 2003 MacArthur Fellowship [139 ] [140 ]
Michael Elowitz , B.A. physics 1992 – molecular biologist, professor at the California Institute of Technology; creator of the repressilator (artificial genetic circuit in synthetic biology); 2007 MacArthur Fellowship [141 ]
, B.A. 1968 – Jon H. Else Prix Italia recipient ( ), recipient of four The Day After Trinity Emmy Awards, nominated twice for the [84 ] Academy Award, 1999 winner of the Sundance Film Festival Filmmaker's Trophy, 1988 MacArthur Fellowship, cinematographer on the Academy Award winning [142 ] , professor of journalism at UC Berkeley (also listed in Who Are the DeBolts? And Where Did They Get Nineteen Kids? Emmy Awards section)
Daniel Friedan, Ph.D. 1980 – physicist in string theory and condensed matter physics, professor of physics at Rutgers University; 1987 MacArthur Fellowship [143 ]
Margaret J. Geller , B.A. physics 1970 – astrophysicist at the Harvard–Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics; 1990 MacArthur Fellowship [144 ]
Peter Gleick, MS and Ph.D. hydro-climatology – co-founder of the Pacific Institute, researcher on fresh water resources; 2003 MacArthur Fellowship [145 ]
David B. Goldstein, Ph.D. physics – energy conservation specialist, co-director of the Energy Program at the Natural Resources Defense Council; 2002 MacArthur Fellowship [146 ]
Linda Griffith, Ph.D. 1988 – professor of bioengineering at MIT; 2006 MacArthur Fellowship [147 ]
David Gross, Ph.D. physics 1966 – Nobel Laureate (Physics, 2004) (also listed in Nobel laureates section); 1987 MacArthur Fellowship [148 ]
, Ph.D. 1993 – professor in the School of Public Health at the University of California, Berkeley; researcher of Eva Harris dengue fever; 1997 MacArthur Fellowship; [149 ] [150 ]
Peter J. Hayes, Ph.D. 1989 – energy policy activist, Executive Director of the Nautilus Institute for Security and Sustainability; 2000 MacArthur Fellowship [151 ] [152 ]
Vijay Iyer, Ph.D. 1998 – jazz pianist and composer; 2013 MacArthur Fellowship [153 ]
Daniel Hunt Janzen, Ph.D. 1965 – ecologist and conservationist; professor of biology at the University of Pennsylvania, technical advisor for restoration project Area de Conservación Guanacaste World Heritage Site in Costa Rica; 1989 MacArthur Fellowship [154 ]
Daniel Jurafsky, B.A. 1983, Ph.D. 1992 – computer scientist and linguist; professor of linguistics and computer science at the University of Colorado, Boulder; 2002 MacArthur Fellowship [155 ]
Nancy Kopell, MA, Ph.D. – mathematician, William Fairfield Warren Distinguished Professor at Boston University, Co-Director of the Center for Computational Neuroscience and Neural Technology; 1990 MacArthur Fellowship [156 ] [157 ]
Michael C. Malin, B.A. (physics) 1967 – astronomer, principal investigator for the camera on Mars Global Surveyor, 1987 MacArthur Fellowship, [158 ] founder and CEO of [159 ] Malin Space Science Systems, recipient of a NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal in 2002, recipient of the 2005 [159 ] Carl Sagan Memorial Award [159 ]
Yoky Matsuoka, B.S. 1993 – neuro-robotics researcher, Vice President of Technology at Tony Fadell "smart- thermostat" company Nest Labs when it was acquired by [160 ] Google for $3.2 billion; founding member of [161 ] Google X; 2007 MacArthur Fellowship [162 ] Maurice Lim Miller, BS 1968, MA 1977 – founder of the poverty assistance institute Family Independence Initiative in
Oakland, California; 2012 MacArthur Fellowship [163 ]
David R. Montgomery, Ph.D. 1991– geomorphologist, Professor of Earth and Space Science at the University of Washington, Seattle; researcher on the role of topsoil in human civilization, recipient of the 2008 Washington State Book Award in General Nonfiction for 'Dirt: The Erosion of Civilizations'; 2008 MacArthur Fellowship [164 ]
, Ph.D. – professor of Physics at UC Berkeley, senior scientist at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; 1982 MacArthur Fellowship Richard A. Muller [165 ]
Cecilia Muñoz, MA – civil rights and immigration activist; director of the United States Domestic Policy Council (2012–present); 2000 MacArthur Fellowship [127 ] [166 ]
Margaret Murnane, Ph.D. 1989 – professor of physics at the University of Colorado, Boulder, specialist in pulsed-operation lasers; 2000 MacArthur Fellowship [167 ]
Margie Profet, B.A. physics 1985 – researcher in evolutionary biology; 1993 MacArthur Fellowship [168 ]
Peter H. Raven, B.S. 1957–botanist and environmentalist, President Emeritus of the Missouri Botanical Garden; 1985 MacArthur Fellowship [169 ] [170 ]
Ed Roberts B.A. 1964, M.A. 1966 – activist in the disability rights movement ( Independent Living); 1984 MacArthur Fellowship [171 ]
, B.A. mathematics 1940, Ph.D. 1948 – professor (1976-1985) of mathematics at UC Berkeley, specializing in Julia Hall Bowman Robinson Hilbert's Tenth Problem; first woman president of the American Mathematical Society; namesake of the Julia Robinson Mathematics Festival of the [172 ] Mathematical Sciences Research Institute; 1983 MacArthur Fellowship [173 ]
Jay Rubenstein, Ph.D. 1997– medieval historian, professor of history at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville; 2007 MacArthur Fellowship [174 ]
Daniel P. Schrag , Ph.D 1993 – Sturgis Hooper Professor of Geology at Harvard University; 2000 MacArthur Fellowship [128 ]
John Henry Schwarz, Ph.D. 1966 – the "Schwarz" in the "Green-Schwarz mechanism" that started the first superstring revolution in superstring theory, Harold Brown Professor of Theoretical Physics at [175 ] Caltech 1987 MacArthur Fellowship [176 ] [177 ]
, Ph.D. 2002 - professor in EECS at UC Berkeley specializing in Dawn Song computer security; 2010 MacArthur Fellowship [178 ]
, Ph.D. 1998 – researcher in unmanned aerial vehicles, Claire Tomlin air traffic control, and modeling of biological processes; professor in the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics and the Department of Electrical Engineering, at Stanford University, where she is Director of the Hybrid Systems Laboratory; professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at University of California, Berkeley; 2006 MacArthur Fellow [179 ]
Gary Alfred Tomlinson, Ph.D. 1979 – musicologist and cultural theorist, professor at Yale University, former Walter H. Annenberg Professor of Humanities at the University of Pennsylvania; 1988 MacArthur Fellowship [180 ] [181 ]
Philip Treisman, Ph.D. 1985 – Professor of Mathematics at the University of Texas, Austin; pioneer in the Emerging Scholars Program; 1992 MacArthur Fellowship [182 ]
Bret Wallach, B.A. 1964, MA 1966, Ph.D. in 1968 – cultural geographer, professor at the University of Oklahoma, 1984 MacArthur Fellowship [183 ]
Robert Penn Warren, M.A. 1927 – novelist and poet, three-time recipient of the Pulitzer Prize; 1981 MacArthur Fellowship (also listed in [79 ] Pulitzer Prize section)
Robert H. Williams, Ph.D. 1967–physicist, Senior Research Scientist at the Princeton Environmental Institute at Princeton University; 1993 MacArthur Fellowship [184 ] [185 ]
, Ph.D. 1961 – professor (1972-1991) of Biochemistry at UC Berkeley specializing in molecular approaches to understand biological evolution and to reconstruct phylogenies; 1986 MacArthur Fellowship Allan Wilson [130 ]
Jay Wright, B.A. 1961 – poet; 1986 MacArthur Fellowship [186 ]
Shing-Tung Yau, Ph.D. 1971 –mathematician (listed under Fields Medal section); 1984 MacArthur Fellowship [187 ]
Xiaowei Zhuang, MS 1993, Ph.D. 1996 – biophysicist, professor of chemistry and chemical Biology at Harvard University; 2003 MacArthur Fellowship [188 ]
Academia [ edit ]
Arts and media [ edit ]
Business and entrepreneurship [ edit ]
See also: Science and technology, Haas School of Business.
Politics and government [ edit ]
Science and technology [ edit ]
See also: Academia, Business, UC Berkeley College of Chemistry, Law
Athletics [ edit ]
Religion, spirituality, and lifestyle [ edit ]
Isaac Bonewits, B.A. Magic 1970 - Neopagan author, priest, speaker and founder of contemporary druidic group [189 ] Ár nDraíocht Féin.
Pema Chodron, B.A. – spiritual teacher and author, interpreter of Tibetan Buddhism for Western audiences. Formerly known as Deirdre Blomfield-Brown
Mayme Agnew Clayton, B.A. – librarian and founder of President & Spiritual Leader of the Western States Black Research and Education Center (WSBREC), the largest privately held collection of African-American historical materials in the world
Madelyn Dunham, grandmother of Barack Obama (did not graduate)
Timothy Leary, Ph.D. 1950 – psychologist and counterculture figure
Terence McKenna, B.Sc. 1969 – famous modern philosopher, author of the novelty theory and "stoned ape" hypothesis
Ed Roberts, B.A. 1964, M.A. 1966, C.Phil. 1969 – Founder of the Independent Living Movement
Heng Sure, Ph.D. 1974 – American Buddhist monk of the City of Ten Thousand Buddhas; one of the first Americans ordained in the States
Fictional [ edit ]
House of Lies, season 2 episode 2, it is mentioned that Don Cheadle's character Marty and Nia Long's character Tamara, were both classmates at Berkeley. Dawn Olivieri's character Monica is also mentioned as having attended at the same time. In the 2012 film
, Savages Aaron Taylor-Johnson's character, Ben, is mentioned as having graduated from Berkeley. In the 2012 film
, 21 Jump Street Dave Franco's character, Eric, is mentioned as having been accepted to Berkeley, and plans to attend. In the episode "The Return of Wonder Woman" (
Wonder Woman Season 2 Pilot), Diana Prince pretends to be a UC Berkeley graduate. In the 2011 film
, Rise of the Planet of the Apes James Franco's character, Will Rodman, is seen wearing a Berkeley t-shirt, implying that he attended the school in some capacity. There are also University of California diplomas on his wall. In (2011) season 1 episode 6 of the television series
, character Sloan Sabbith is revealed to be an aluma of UC Berkeley. The Newsroom In the 2008 film
, Troy Bolton, played by High School Musical 3: Senior Year Zac Efron, announces that he has chosen to attend UC Berkeley after graduation. In the 2008 film
, Iron Man Robert Downey, Jr.'s character asks a reporter if she is a Berkeley graduate In the 2003 film
, Mona Lisa Smile Julia Roberts' character is an idealistic Berkeley graduate In the 1994 film
, Stargate James Spader's character is revealed to have a University of California diploma when Dr. Catherine Langford is reviewing his credentials In the 1992 film
, Dr. Beth Garner, played by Basic Instinct Jeanne Tripplehorn received her Ph.D. in Psychology at Berkeley and started her killing spree there. Catherine Tramell, played by Sharon Stone, also received her B.A. in Psychology at Berkeley From the
Back to the Futute trilogy, inventor of the De Lorean time machine, Dr. Emmett Brown, attended Berkeley, stated by trilogy director Robert Zemeckis
Sandy Cohen from graduated from The O.C. Boalt School of Law at Berkeley. His wife, Kirsten Cohen has an Art History degree from Berkeley as well. Their adopted son Ryan Atwood then went on to complete a degree in architecture there. In the comic strip
Doonesbury Joanie Caucus was accepted to and graduated from the Boalt School of Law in the 1970s Press Secretary and later Presidential Chief of Staff
C. J. Cregg, played by Allison Janney on the long-running , got her master's degree from Berkeley. She mentions this several times to get out of duties she finds demeaning The West Wing In the television series
, Grey's Anatomy Sandra Oh's character, Dr. Cristina Yang, often boasts of having a Ph.D. from Berkeley, along with a college degree from Smith and a medical degree from Stanford. In the situation comedy
, Mark Cooper Hangin' with Mr. Cooper Mark Curry has a Cal Berkeley banner in his room Berkeley is the setting for the film
starring Boys and Girls Freddie Prinze, Jr. and Claire Forlani, who both play Berkeley students The 2002 film
told the true story of Catch Me If You Can Frank Abagnale who faked getting his law degree from Berkeley to impress his fiance's father and to get a job as a lawyer. The character was played by Leonardo DiCaprio
, directed by The Hulk Ang Lee, largely took place at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and private research facilities nearby. Both Eric Bana and Jennifer Connelly played researchers
Jack Bauer, the lead character played by Kiefer Sutherland in the hit drama , got his Masters of Science in "Criminology and Law" at Berkeley (no such degree is offered) 24 [190 ] In the hit film
(1990), the lead character Ray Kinsella (played by Field of Dreams Kevin Costner) is a Berkeley alum Rei Shimura, the protagonist in
Sujata Massey's mystery novels, earned her master's degree in Japanese art history from Berkeley In the film
(1985), Jonathan (played by Gotcha! Anthony Edwards) falls for Sasha (played by Linda Fiorentino), a beautiful and mysterious Berkeley graduate student in film
Winona Ryder plays Finn Dodd, a Berkeley graduate student, in the 1995 film How to Make an American Quilt In the 2001 film
, The Wedding Planner Matthew McConaughey's character and Bridgette Wilson's character were claimed to have met as students at UC Berkeley In USA Network's television series
, the title character, Monk Adrian Monk, played by Tony Shalhoub graduated from Berkeley (mentioned in the episode " Mr. Monk and the Other Detective", Season 4 & " Mr. Monk and the Class Reunion", Season 5) In the situation comedy
, Dick Solomon's ( 3rd Rock from the Sun John Lithgow) love interest, Dr. Mary Albright ( Jane Curtin), received her bachelor's degree from Berkeley In the 1988 film
(1988), Joseph Yashinobo Takagi ( Die Hard James Shigeta), President of Nakatomi Trading, is said to be a scholarship student at UC Berkeley, graduating in 1955 In the film
(2001), Harvard law student Enid Wexler earned a Ph.D. at UC Berkeley in women's studies, "emphasis in the history of combat" Legally Blonde In the television series
, CSI: Crime Scene Investigation Sara Sidle received her master's degree from UC Berkeley The film
(1994), starring Junior Arnold Schwarzenegger and Danny DeVito, was filmed on the Berkeley campus In the film
(1998) starring Deep Impact Morgan Freeman and Téa Leoni, research on meteors were done on a Berkeley website In the film
(2006) starring Peaceful Warrior Scott Mechlowicz and Nick Nolte, the main character is a member of the male gymnastics team at UC Berkeley. The semi-autobiographical movie is based on the book (1981), which was authored by real-life UC Berkeley alumnus Way of the Peaceful Warrior Dan Millman [191 ] In the film
Dale Putley ( Fathers' Day Robin Williams), Jack Lawrence ( Billy Crystal), and Collette Andrews ( Nastassja Kinski) all were students at Berkeley. We could probably assume that Jack ended up getting his law degree there In
, Steven Keaton and Elyse Keaton met at Berkeley as undergraduates. It can be assumed that Elyse got her architectural degree and Steve got his degree in political science, communications, or filmmaking. Mallory Keaton was born there on the day Steve was supposed to take a political science examination. Family Ties In
, Full House D.J. Tanner accepts an admissions offer from Berkeley In
Elaine Robinson was a student at Berkeley The Graduate In
main character Jennie Low and several other characters are students at the school Single Asian Female In the Japanese
manga series , Hana-Kimi Izumi Sano became a student at the college In the film
(1986), Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home Captain Kirk claims that Spock went to Berkeley in the 1960s, where he "did too much LDS [sic]." However, Kirk merely invents this story to explain Spock's strange appearance and behavior. Spock actually went to Starfleet Academy, which is also located in the San Francisco Bay Area In the film
, Princess Mia's friend Lilly Moscovitz ( The Princess Diaries 2: Royal Engagement Heather Matarazzo) claims to be a Berkeley graduate student In the film
(1999), Magnolia Tom Cruise's seduction-guru character claims to have attended psychology classes at Berkeley One of the central protagonists in Mischa Berlinski's novel
Fieldwork (2007), Martiya van der Leun, is a Berkeley graduate student in anthropology
Marissa Cooper and Ryan Atwood from were supposed to attend UC Berkeley before the infamous fatal car crash that killed her. The OC Kevin Volchok is the character that ran Ryan's car off the cliff and killed Marissa. In
The Sopranos, Meadow Soprano ( Jamie-Lynn Sigler) has her heart set on UC Berkeley against the wishes of her parents due to distance. Carmela Soprano throws away an admissions letter, that she later retrieves out of guilt, requesting transcripts. In
Alias, Sydney Bristow’s ex-lover, Agent Noah Hicks ( Peter Berg), says he was recruited out of Berkeley by SD-6. Large portions of the feature film
Who'll Stop the Rain, starring Nick Nolte and Tuesday Weld, were filmed in the south campus area. In the book
, both Hiro Protagonist and Juanita Marquez attended Berkeley Snow Crash [192 ] In Season 3 of the television series
, Nancy Botwin mentions spending two and half years at Berkeley. Weeds In the movie
, Viggo Mortensen's character claims to have studied art at Berkeley The Perfect Murder In the series finale of
, Mag, played by Dollhouse Felicia Day, said that prior to tech going wild that she studied Sociology at Berkeley.
Charmed protagonist Paige Matthews attended Berkeley to earn a degree in social work; Season 5 episode "A Paige from the Past" revealed that she was accepted into Berkeley partially due to a well-written essay on the subject of her adoptive parents' death.
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
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^ Rachel Shafer (September 2010). "Man of a thousand faces". Innovations (College of Engineering, University of California, Berkeley) 10 (7).
^ "Tony DeRose -The Tinkering Studio - Exploratorium". Exploratorium.
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^ Sandra Fischione Donovan (March 12, 2010). "Beaver County native wins fourth Oscar for visual effects". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review.
^ a b "Loren L. Ryder, one of Hollywood's most honored sound directors who was awarded five Academy Awards and nominated for 12 more, has died in a Monterey convalescent hospital…A 1924 physics and mathematics graduate of the University of California, Berkeley, which he attended after Army service in World War I…In 1948, he made what probably was his most important contribution to sound in films, the use of magnetic tape. Before that, studios were forced to rely on heavy optical recorders (Ryder hauled his around in an 11-ton truck). Ryder's system, which today involves recorders weighing ounces rather than tons, was first used in the film "Geronimo" and later on Rudy Vallee's television programs….The offshoot of those experiments was an industrywide conversion to magnetic tape and Ryder's founding of his own firm in 1948, although he stayed with Paramount until 1957." "Loren L. Ryder; Winner of 5 Oscars for Movie Sound". Los Angeles Times. 1985-05-30.
^ "Loren L. Ryder, a pioneer of sound technology for motion pictures and the winner of six Academy Awards, died Tuesday at Carmel (Calif.) Convalescent Hospital. In 1945, Mr. Ryder's design, construction and use of the first dial-controlled step-by-step sound channel lineup and test circuit earned him his third Oscar. Four years later, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences presented Mr. Ryder with a special award for the development and application of the supersonic playback and public-address system…The first studiowide application of magnetic sound recording for motion-picture production earned Mr. Ryder and Paramount Studios an Oscar in 1950. Mr. Ryder's final award came in 1955 for a projection film index to establish proper framing for various aspect ratios." Associated Press (1985-05-31). "Loren L. Ryder, An Engineer in Sound-Recording for Film". The New York Times.
^ a b UC Regents. "CED- College of Environmental Design, UC Berkeley - 1998-2005 Distinguished Alumni Award Recipients". College of Environmental Design, UC Berkeley.
^ a b c d Ron Lieber (2000-03-31). "Feat of Clay". . Fast Company
^ a b c d e f "By devising new ways to combine separately shot footage of actors and backgrounds into a single scene, he opened the door to such special-effect spectaculars as and Star Wars Scenes that had been too dangerous, expensive or difficult to film were suddenly possible...Every film since that has employed a form of the technique owes a debt to Vlahos, industry experts said...After earning a bachelor's degree in 1941 from UC Berkeley, he became a designer at Titanic. Douglas Aircraft during World War II...He founded Chatsworth-based Ultimatte Corp. in 1976 to research and develop composite technology. Two years later, he received an Emmy Award for his work. Valerie J. Nelson (2013-02-20). "Pioneer in blue-screen technology". Los Angeles Times.
^ a b c d "The visual effects industry has paid tribute to Petro Vlahos - the pioneer of blue- and green-screen systems...His innovations continue to be used and developed by the television, film, computer games and advertising industries. 'Our industry has lost a giant,' Everett Burrell, senior visual effects supervisor at Los Angeles-based studio Look Effects, told the BBC. 'It's hard to even conceive of how we would do what we do without the amazing number of processes and techniques he pioneered. All visual effects professionals and movie fans owe him a debt of gratitude.' Look Effects has built on Mr Vlahos' achievements to create work for the movies , Avatar and the upcoming The Life of Pi Superman film, ." Man of Steel Leo Kelion (2013-02-14). "Blue and green-screen effects pioneer Petro Vlahos dies". BBC.
^ a b "Vlahos’ honors from the Academy started with a Scientific and Technical Award in 1960 for a camera flicker indicating device. He earned an Oscar statuette in 1964 for the conception and perfection of techniques for color traveling matte composite cinematography and another in 1994 for the conception and development of the Ultimatte electronic bluescreen compositing process for motion pictures. He also received a Medal of Commendation in 1992 and the Gordon E. Sawyer Award, an Oscar statuette, in 1993…every greenscreen or bluescreen shot in a vast number of films (including every recent blockbuster fantasy pic) employs variants of Vlahos’ original techniques." Variety Staff (2013-02-12). "Petro Valhos, effects pioneer, dies at 96". Variety.
^ Shannon Lee (April 23, 2009). "Journalism School Alumna Part Of Pulitzer-Prize Winning Staff". The Daily Californian.
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^ Katrina J. Lee (1999). "She wrote the war". The Daily Californian Alumni Association.
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^ Cathy Cockrell (2007-05-08). "Leon Litwack's last stand". UC Berkeley NewsCenter (University of California, Berkeley.
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^ a b "Just as he is about to go broke, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation comes to the rescue with a 'genius grant'…" Claudia Dreifus (2001-01-23). "A CONVERSATION WITH: SHAWN CARLSON; Just Like a Film Script, From Jobless to Genius". New York Times.
^ a b "The daughter of Bolivian immigrants, Ms. Muñoz was awarded a MacArthur Foundation 'genius grant' in 2000 …" Laura Meckler (2012-01-11). "Adviser on Immigration, Muñoz, Gets Bigger Job". Wall Street Journal.
^ a b "Schrag is one of 25 people who will receive this year’s MacArthur Fellowships, often referred to as 'genius grants.'" William J. Cromie (2000-06-15). "Daniel Schrag Wins MacArthur 'Genius' Fellowship". The Harvard University Gazette, Harvard University.
^ a b "Sometimes known as the MacArthur "genius awards," the fellowships provide unrestricted, "no strings attached" grants…" "Astrophysicist Carlstrom wins MacArthur award". The University of Chicago Chronicle of the University of Chicago. 998-06-11.
^ a b "A past winner of a MacArthur 'genius' award, Wilson was known for his controversial hypothesis that proteins and genes can change over time at a steady rate." Robert Sanders (1991-07-22). "Berkeley's Allan C. Wilson, the world authority on 'molecular evolution', is dead at 56". NewsCenter of UC Berkeley.
^ John Riley (1985-11-03). "In Perfect Balance: Joan Abrahamson's Remarkable Life, So Far". Lost Angeles Times.
^ Paul Preuss (1999-07-09). "MacArthur Fellowship Awarded to Carolyn Bertozzi". Science Beat - Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
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^ Jon Stewart (1995-07-16). "SUNDAY INTERVIEW – Sandy Close / The executive director of Pacific News Service talks about her two decades on the radical edge of journalism". San Francisco Chronicle.
^ Tanya Barrientos, Tom Moon, Ralph Vigoda, Joe Logan (1993-06-15). "Seven With Ties To Area Awarded 'Genius' Grants The Mysterious Grants Are Made To People Who Have Contributed To Society". Philadelphia Inquirer.
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^ "Corinne Dufka". John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. 2003-10-05.
^ "Corinne Dufka". Human Rights Watch.
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