This list of accidents and incidents on airliners by location summarizes airline accidents by states location, airline company with flight number, date, and cause.
It is also available grouped
This list is dynamic and by no means complete!
For alternative, more exhaustive lists, see:
Airlines often seem to be remembered by their worst accidents and incidents. In that sense this list presents a good overview. While all the accidents and incidents in this list are noteworthy, not all involve fatalities.
If the aircraft crashed on land, it will be listed under a continent and a country. If the aircraft crashed on a body of water, it will be listed under that body of water.
Canary Islands, Spain 
- KLM Flight 4805 and Pan Am Flight 1736 crashed during takeoff from Tenerife in the Canary Islands on 27 March 1977 in what has become known as the Tenerife disaster, the worst aviation disaster in history. The ground collision was caused by a number of factors, including weather conditions, pilot error, and technical limitations. A total of 583 people aboard both aircraft died. Survivors numbered 61 (54 passengers, 7 crew).
- Dan-Air Flight 1008 crashed into a mountain on Tenerife near Los Rodeos due to pilot error on 25 April 1980. All 146 people aboard were killed. The accident was the greatest loss of life on a British-registered aircraft.
Côte d'Ivoire 
- Kenya Airways Flight 431 crashed shortly after takeoff from Abidjan on 30 January 2000. Ten passengers survived. Of the 169 fatalities, 146 bodies were recovered, and 103 of those bodies were identified.
- Varig Flight 797 crashed into the jungle near Abidjan after engine failure on 3 January 1987. Of 51 on board, 50 people died; a single passenger survived.
Democratic Republic of the Congo 
- A L-410 aircraft operated by Free Airlines crashed in a swamp shortly after takeoff from Kamina Airport on 21 June 2007. The plane was overloaded, carrying 21 passengers and crew rather than the 17 maximum specified. One person died, and four others were badly injured.
- An Antonov An-26 operated by Africa One crashed and burned shortly after takeoff from Kinshasa on 4 October 2007. Deaths numbered 51, including 31 on the ground. One, possibly two, passengers survived. The cause of the crash is under investigation.
- In the 1996 Air Africa crash, an Antonov An-32 operated by Air Africa failed to takeoff and overran the runway at N'Dolo Airport and crashed into a crowded street market on 8 January 1996. The aircraft was operating illegally. At least two passengers died, along with an estimated 350 on the ground. An estimated 500 others were injured. Both pilots were charged and convicted of 225 counts of manslaughter and served two-year sentences.
- Hewa Bora Airways Flight 122 crashed into a residential and market area of Goma on 15 April 2008 after its engines failed during takeoff. Three passengers and 37 people on the ground died; 83 passengers and 8 crew survived. Additionally 111 injuries were reported, 40 of whom were passengers.
- Pan Am Flight 93 was hijacked as a part of the Dawson's Field hijackings on 6 September 1970 and flown to Beirut and then to Cairo. The aircraft was blown up by the hijackers seconds after the passengers were deplaned.
- Flash Airlines Flight 604 crashed into the Red Sea shortly after takeoff from Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport on 3 January 2004. All 148 aboard were killed. The findings of the crash investigation are controversial, with accident investigators from the different countries involved not agreeing on the cause.
- Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 114 was shot down by Israeli fighter jets on 21 February 1973 after it entered Israeli airspace and its pilots ignored instructions from the fighter pilots. Deaths were 108 of those aboard; one of the five survivors included the copilot.
- PIA Flight 705 crashed while attempting to land at Cairo International Airport on 20 May 1965 when the pilot descended too quickly. Five passengers survived; the other 119 people aboard died.
- TWA Flight 903 crashed during a forced emergency landing in the desert near Cairo after an engine caught fire and separated from the aircraft mid-flight on 1 September 1950. All 55 aboard were killed.
- ADC Airlines Flight 53 crashed into a corn field on 29 October 2006 shortly after take off from Abuja. Deaths numbered 97 people, including one on the ground; nine people survived. The exact cause of the crash is disputed.
- Bellview Airlines Flight 210 crashed shortly after takeoff from Lagos on 22 October 2005, killing all 117 people aboard. The cause of the crash is under investigation, though a lightning strike is considered to be the most likely explanation.
- EAS Airlines Flight 4226 crashed in a residential section of the city of Kano on 4 May 2002 due to pilot error. Deaths included 75 people aboard the aircraft, as well as 73 people on the ground, in the crash and ensuing fire. Five passengers survived with injuries. The crash was the highest death toll in an accident involving a BAC 1-11.
- Sosoliso Airlines Flight 1145 crash landed on the runway at Port Harcourt International Airport on 10 December 2005. Deaths were 108 people on board, including 61 secondary school students, in the impact and fire. Two passengers survived. The cause of the crash is believed to be weather related, though this has not been confirmed by authorities.
- Dana Air Flight 992 crashed into a two-story building at Iju Railway, Ishaga a suburb of Lagos. All 153 people on board the aircraft were killed. Following the crash, all flights by Dana Air were halted by Nigeria's Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA).
- RwandAir Flight 205 crashed into a building after its engine speed's were jammed causing a crash
and an emergency landing was made in Kigali on 12 November 2009, killing one passenger. The accident is currently under investigation.
South Africa 
- Sudan Airways Flight 109 crashed, broke apart, and caught fire upon landing at Khartoum on 10 June 2008. The cause of the accident is still under investigation. Thirty people are confirmed dead, and 6 are missing.
- Sudan Airways Flight 139 crashed in Port Sudan on 8 July 2003 killing all 117 aboard. The flight crew was not able to see the runway in the low visibility and crashed when attempting a missed approach.
- Sudan Airways Flight 111 was hijacked on 30 March 2007. The hijacker demanded to be flown to South Africa, but agreed to stop to refuel in Khartoum, where he was arrested.
- Air New Zealand Flight 901 crashed into the side of Mount Erebus, Antarctica, on 28 November 1979 for various reasons including pilot error, maintenance crew error, and whiteout conditions. All 257 aboard died.
- Kam Air Flight 904 crashed in the Pamir Mountains during a snow storm on 3 February 2005. All 104 people on board were killed, and the cause of the crash remains under investigation and undetermined.
- Pamir Airways Flight 112 crashed in northern Afghanistan on 17 May 2010, killing 43 or 44 people.
People's Republic of China 
Hong Kong SAR 
Guam (United States) 
- On 22 May 2010 Air India Express Flight 812 (a Boeing 737-800) flying on the Dubai-Mangalore route overshot the runway 24 on landing at Mangalore International Airport killing 158 passengers on board.
- Air India Flight 403 crashed on 21 June 1982 at Sahar International Airport in Bombay due to heavy weather. Two crew members and 15 passengers died; 94 survived.
- Air India Flight 855 crashed off the coast of Bandra, Bombay, (now Mumbai) on 1 January 1978 when the captain became spatially disoriented after the failure of one of the flight instruments in the cockpit. All 213 aboard were killed.
- Alitalia Flight 771 crashed into a hill northeast of Mumbai while on approach on 7 July 1962. The accident was attributed to navigation error. All 94 aboard were killed.
- Alliance Air Flight 7412 crashed in a residential estate of Patna on 17 July 2000 after the pilot lost control of the aircraft and stalled. Deaths included 55 people aboard, along with 5 on the ground.
- In the 1996 Charkhi Dadri mid-air collision, Saudi Arabian Airlines Flight 763 collided in mid-air with Kazakhstan Airlines Flight 1907 on 12 November 1996. The cause was determined to be pilot error by the Kazakhstan Airlines pilot. All 349 people on board both flights were killed, making it the deadliest mid-air collision in history.
- Indian Airlines Flight 113 crashed on its final approach to Ahmedabad airport due to pilot error on 19 October 1988. Deaths were 130.
- Indian Airlines Flight 257 crashed on descent into Imphal due to pilot error on 16 August 1991, killing all 69 occupants.
- Indian Airlines Flight 427 was hijacked by a single individual on 24 April 1993. The hijacker demanded passage to Afghanistan, but was denied overflight permission by Pakistani authorities and the pilot diverted to Amritsar. The hijacker was killed after security forces stormed the aircraft.
- Indian Airlines Flight 491 crashed into a truck at the end of the runway while taking off from Aurangabad, Maharashtra on 26 April 1993. The cause was both pilot error and the failure of the aviation administration to control highway traffic. Deaths were 55.
- Indian Airlines Flight 605 crashed on its final approach to Bangalore airport on 14 February 1990, killing 92 people. The cause was pilot error.
- Indian Airlines Flight 814 was hijacked by suspected Pakistani extremists on 24 December 1999 while in Indian airspace. The aircraft was flown to Kandahar, Afghanistan. One passenger was killed by the hijackers; the other 192 aboard survived.
Saudi Arabia 
Sri Lanka 
Republic of China (Taiwan) 
United Arab Emirates 
South China Sea 
- Qantas Flight 30—25 July 2008, Mid-air decompression after departure from Hong Kong, landed safely in Manila; no injuries.
Various countries 
Central America and the Caribbean 
Dominican Republic 
Puerto Rico 
- An Imperial Airways Argosy crashed on 28 March 1933 near Dixmude following an onboard fire suspected to be the first case of aerial sabotage. All 12 passengers and 3 crew were killed.
- Sabena OO-AUB crashed on 16 November 1937 while attempting to land in bad weather near Ostend. All 11 aboard were killed.
- Sabena Flight 548 crashed due to mechanical failure while attempting to land in Brussels on 15 February 1961. All 72 passengers and crew were killed, along with a single ground casualty.
Czech Republic 
- Bukken Bruse disaster, a flying boat crashed upon landing in Trondheim, Norway. Nineteen were killed; Bertrand Russell was among the 24 survivors.
- Braathens Flight 239, crashed in Asker upon landing at Fornebu airport, Oslo, Norway, killing 40 of 45 people on board. The aircraft was four nmi off course in bad weather conditions.
- Widerøe Flight 933, crashed into the Barents Sea near Mehamn, killing all 15 on board. This incident remains highly controversial in Norway.
- Torghatten accident, crashe in heavy fog, killing all 36 passengers in the worst-ever Dash 7 accident.
- Atlantic Airways Flight 670, a BAe 146, slides off the runway at Stord, Norway, killing four of the 16 people on board.
- Vaeroy accident, a Twin Otter crashed in the sea outside Værøy, killing all 5 persons on board.
- Vnukovo Airlines Flight 2801, a Tupolev Tu-154 crashed into a mountain on Svalbard killing all 141 people on board. Deadliest aviation accident ever in Norway.
- Turkish Airlines Flight 452, a Boeing 727-2F2, flew into the slope of a hill at Karatepe in Isparta on September 19, 1976 killing 154 people.
- Turkish Airlines Flight 158, a Boeing 737-4Q8, crashed during its final approach to land at Ankara Esenboğa Airport in driving snow 16 January 1983.
- Turkish Airlines Flight 278, a Boeing 737-4Y0, crashed during its final approach to land at Van Ferit Melen Airport in driving snow, 29 December 1994.
- Turkish Airlines Flight 5904, a Boeing 737-4Q8, crashed in Ceyhan 8 minutes after takeoff from Adana Şakirpaşa Airport, 7 April 1999.
- Turkish Airlines Flight 634, an Avro RJ100, crashed on its final approach during landing at Diyarbakır Airport, 8 January 2003.
- Atlasjet Flight 4203, a McDonnell Douglas MD-83, crashed on a hill during descent to Isparta Süleyman Demirel Airport, 30 November 2007.
United Kingdom 
Various countries 
- Olympic Airways Flight 417: Dr. Abid Hanson, a passenger on Olympic Airways Flight 417 from Cairo to Athens to New York City, who had a history of sensitivity to secondhand smoke requested a non-smoking seat prior. When the family boarded the aircraft in Athens, the people found that the assigned seats were three rows ahead of the economy class smoking area; there was no partition between the smoking and non-smoking section. The family requested a seat further away from the smoking section. The crew did not move the passenger to any of the 11 other unoccupied seats on the aircraft. The passenger felt a reaction to the smoke and died several hours later. The case resulted in the Olympic Airways v. Husain case.
International waters 
The following accidents and incidents occurred in international waters; that is, more than 12 nautical miles (22 km; 14 mi) off the coast of any territory.
Atlantic Ocean 
- Air France Flight 447—Crashed into the Atlantic Ocean during a tropical storm (under investigation).
- Air France Flight 1611—crashed into the Mediterranean sea off Nice.
- Air India Flight 182—was bombed over the Atlantic Ocean west of Ireland.
- American Airlines Flight 63—Attempted bombing over Atlantic Ocean, terrorist was restrained and sedated.
- American Airlines Flight 331—crashed in Kingston, Jamaica, at the Norman Manley International Airport after overshooting a runway; all 154 passengers and crew survived, with 40 mainly minor injuries.
- Birgenair Flight 301—crashed in the Caribbean Sea, near the Dominican Republic; all 189 passengers and crew killed.
- BOAC Flight 777 was shot down by Nazi fighter planes in the Bay of Biscay on 1 June 1943. All 17 aboard died, including actor Leslie Howard.
- Cubana Flight 455—bombed, then crashed off Barbados into the Caribbean Sea.
- Dominicana DC-9 air disaster—crashed into the Caribbean Sea shortly after takeoff.
- Egyptair Flight 990—Crashed off the Atlantic coast of Nantucket.
- Globe Air charter flight crashed in bad weather into the Mediterranean Sea near Nicosia Airport, 20 April 1967.
- Kenya Airways Flight 431—Crashed into the Atlantic shortly after takeoff from Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, killing 169.
- KLM Flight 607-E crashed 180 kilometres (110 mi) west of Shannon, Ireland, on 14 August 1958. The most likely cause was catastrophic mechanical failure, though the cause is officially undetermined. All 99 aboard died.
- LAV Flight 253 Crashed of the coast of Asbury Park, New Jersey, on June 20, 1956. All 74 aboard died.
- Swissair Flight 111—Crashed off the Atlantic coast of Nova Scotia.
- Siberia Airlines Flight 1812— mid-air destruction of unknown cause over the Black Sea on 4 October 2001.
- Transair Georgian Airline Crash (21 September)—Shot down into the Black Sea by a missile upon landing.
- TWA Flight 800—Crashed off the Atlantic coast of East Moriches, New York.
- Vieques Air Link Flight 901A, crashed into the Atlantic Ocean, off Vieques, Puerto Rico, with 8 deaths.
Indian Ocean 
- Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 was hijacked on 23 November 1996 en route from Addis Ababa to Nairobi by three Ethiopians seeking political asylum. The plane crash-landed in the Indian Ocean near Comoros after running out of fuel, killing 125 of the 175 passengers and crew on board.
- Iran Air Flight 655 was a civilian airliner shot down by the United States Navy on Sunday 3 July 1988 over the Strait of Hormuz (Indian Ocean). All 290 on board were killed.
- Korean Air Flight 858 was destroyed by a bomb planted by North Korean agents on 29 November 1987. All 115 on board died.
- South African Airways Flight 295 crashed into the Indian Ocean in international waters off the coast of Mauritius on 28 November 1987 after a catastrophic in-flight fire. The cause of the fire was never determined. All 159 aboard were killed.
- Yemenia Flight 626 crashed into the Indian Ocean off the Northern coast of Comoros on 30 June 2009. Of 153 aboard, 152 died; a 12-year-old passenger was found alive. The crash is currently under investigation.
Pacific Ocean 
- ANA DC-2 crashed into Mount Dandenong, Victoria, 25 October 1938.
- ANA Stinson Tokana crashed near Redesdale, Victoria, 31 January 1945
- ANA DC-3 crashed at Seven-Mile Beach, Tasmania, 10 March 1946.
- ANA DC-3 crashed in New South Wales, 2 September 1948.
- Queensland Airlines Lockheed Lodestar crashed at Coolangatta, Queensland, 10 March 1949.
- MacRobertson Miller Aviation's DC-3 Fitzroy crashed immediately after takeoff from Perth on 2 July 1949.
- ANA DC-4 crashed after departure Perth, Western Australia, 26 June 1950.
- TAA Fokker Friendship crashed into the sea while preparing to land at Mackay, Queensland, 10 June 1960.
- Ansett-ANA Flight 325, a Vickers Viscount crashed into Botany Bay, New South Wales, 30 November 1961.
- Ansett-ANA Flight 149, a Vickers Viscount crashed while preparing to make an emergency landing at Winton, Queensland, 22 September 1966.
- MacRobertson Miller Airlines Flight 1750, a Vickers Viscount crashed near Port Hedland, Western Australia, on 31 December 1968.
- Beech Super King Air crashed after take-off from Sydney Airport on 21 February 1980.
- Beech Super King Air departed Perth and crashed in Queensland in September 2000, killing all eight on board.
New Zealand 
North America 
United States 
South America 
- Aerolíneas Argentinas Flight 386 had in-flight meals loaded in Lima, Peru, and the aircraft landed in Los Angeles, California. The fish was contaminated with cholera, and several passengers later developed food poisoning. An elderly man died of the disease.
- TANS Peru Flight 204, a Boeing 737-200 passenger plane which crashed during a storm in the Peruvian jungle, killing at least 40 people of the approximately 100 on board.
- LANSA Flight 508 on a flight from Lima to Pucallpa, Peru, broke apart in midair after being set aflame by lightning. It crashed in the Amazon rainforest. Deaths numbered 91 people; the sole survivor was Juliane Koepcke, a 17-year-old girl who survived a fall from 2 miles and 10-day walk through the jungle before being found by hunters. Her mother, famous ornithologist Maria Koepcke, died; director Werner Herzog had narrowly missed being on the same flight.
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