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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Minsk, City Hall
Homyel’, Rumyantsev-Paskevich Residence
Mahilyow, City Hall
Vitsebsk, City Hall
Grodno, Cathedral of St. Francis Xavier
Brest, Church of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross
Babruysk, Church of the Immaculate Conception of Saint Virgin Mary
Baranavichy, Lenin Square
Barysaw, Church of the Resurrection of Christ
Pinsk, Jesuit collegium
Orsha, former Jesuit Cloister
Mazyr, Cathedral of Archangel Michael
Salihorsk, Administration Building

The following is the list of cities and towns in Belarus. Neither Belarusian nor Russian have equivalent words to English "city" and "town". The word horad[1] (Belarusian: горад, Russian: город) is used for both. But Belarusian legislature provides the three-level hierarchy.[2]

Overview[edit]

According to the Law under May 5, 1998, the categories of the most developed urban localities in Belarus are as follows:

  • capital — Minsk;
  • town of voblasć subordinance (Belarusian: горад абласнога падпарадкавання, Russian: город областного подчинения) — urban locality with the population of not less than 50,000 people; it has its own body of self-government, known as Council of Deputies (Belarusian: Савет дэпутатаў, Russian: совет депутатов) and an executive committee (Belarusian: выканаўчы камітэт, Russian: исполнительный комитет), which stand on the level with these of a rajon (Belarusian: раён).
  • town of rajon surbodinance (Belarusian: горад раённага падпарадкавання, Russian: город районного подчинения) — urban locality with the population of more than 6,000 people; it may have its own body of self-government (Belarusian: Савет дэпутатаў, Russian: совет депутатов) and an executive committee (Belarusian: выканаўчы камітэт, Russian: исполнительный комитет), which belong to the same level as these of rural councils and of s.c. haradski pasiolak (Belarusian: гарадскі пасёлак, Russian: городской посёлок) (a type of a smaller urban locality).

This division was inherited by the contemporary Republic of Belarus from BSSR and introduced in 1938.[3]

At the beginning of 2010 112 settlements had the status of a city/town. Among them:[4]

  • 12 towns of voblasć subordinance;
  • 99 towns of rajon subordinance;
  • Minsk — the capital of the country.

The list[edit]

Rank Belarusian
(BGN/PCGN)
Russian
(BGN/PCGN)
Status Obtaining Foundation Population
(2010)[5]
Minsk Region
1 Minsk
(Мінск, Minsk)
Minsk
(Минск)
Capital September, 27 1938[6] 1067 1,834,200
2 Barysaw
(Барысаў, Barysaŭ)
Borisov
(Борисов)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1102 147,100
3 Salihorsk
(Салігорск, Salihorsk)
Soligorsk
(Солигорск)
Rajon March, 7 1963 1959 102,300
4 Maladzyechna
(Маладзечна, Maladziečna)
Molodechno
(Молодечно)
Rajon September, 20 1944 1388 94,200
5 Zhodzina
(Жодзіна, Žodzina)
Zhodino
(Жодино)
Voblasć March, 7 1963 1643 61,800
6 Slutsk
(Слуцк, Sluck)
Slutsk
(Слуцк)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1116 61,400
7 Vilyeyka
(Вілейка, Viliejka)
Vileyka
(Вилейка)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1460 26,800
8 Dzyarzhynsk
(Дзяржынск, Dziaržynsk)
Dzerzhinsk
(Дзержинск)
Rajon September, 27 1938 11th century 25,200
9 Mar’’ina Horka
(Мар'іна Горка, Marjina Horka)
Mar’ina Gorka
(Марьина Горка)
Rajon July, 22 1955 16th century 21,400
10 Stowbtsy
(Стоўбцы, Stoŭbcy)
Stolbtsy
(Столбцы)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1511 15,400
11 Smalyavichy
(Смалявічы, Smaliavičy)
Smolevichi
(Смолевичи)
Rajon March, 7 1968 1448 15,100
12 Zaslawye
(Заслаўе, Zaslaŭje)
Zaslavl’
(Заславль)
Rajon August, 14 1985 985 14,200
13 Nyasvizh
(Нясвіж, Niasviž)
Nesvizh
(Несвиж)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1223 14,100
14 Fanipal’
(Фаніпаль, Fanipaĺ)
Fanipol’
(Фаниполь)
Rajon March, 10 1999 1856 12,700
15 Byerazino
(Беразіно, Bierazino)
Berezino
(Березино)
Rajon March, 7 1968 1501 12,000
16 Lyuban’
(Любань, Liubań)
Lyuban’
(Любань)
Rajon March, 7 1968 1566 11,300
17 Staryya Darohi
(Старыя Дарогі, Staryja Darohi)
Staryye Dorogi
(Старые Дороги)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1524 11,000
18 Klyetsk
(Клецк, Klieck)
Kletsk
(Клецк)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1127 10,800
19 Lahoysk
(Лагойск, Lahojsk)
Logoysk
(Логойск)
Rajon May, 28 1998 1078 10,800
20 Valozhyn
(Валожын, Valožyn)
Volozhin
(Воложин)
Rajon January, 15 1940 14th century 10,600
21 Chervyen’
(Чэрвень, Červień)
Cherven’
(Червень)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1387 10,100
22 Kapyl’
(Капыль, Kapyĺ)
Kopyl’
(Копыль)
Rajon April, 29 1984 1274 9,900
23 Uzda
(Узда, Uzda)
Uzda
(Узда)
Rajon March, 10 1999 1450 9,700
24 Krupki
(Крупкі, Krupki)
Krupki
(Крупки)
Rajon May, 7 1991 1575 8,600
25 Myadzyel
(Мядзел, Miadziel)
Myadel’
(Мядель)
Rajon November, 18 1998 1324 7,000
Vitsyebsk (Vitebsk) Region
1 Vitsyebsk
(Віцебск, Viciebsk)
Vitebsk
(Витебск)
Voblasć September, 27 1938 974 348,800
2 Orsha
(Орша, Orša)
Orsha
(Орша)
Voblasć September, 27 1938 1067 117,200
3 Navapolatsk
(Наваполацк, Navapolack)
Novopolotsk
(Новополоцк)
Voblasć December, 14 1963 1958 98,200
4 Polatsk
(Полацк, Polack)
Polotsk
(Полоцк)
Voblasć September, 27 1938 862 82,800
5 Pastavy
(Паставы, Pastavy)
Postavy
(Поставы)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1409 19,800
6 Hlybokaye
(Глыбокае, Hlybokaje)
Glubokoye
(Глубокое)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1514 18,200
7 Lyepyel’
(Лепель, Liepieĺ)
Lepel’
(Лепель)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1439 17,400
8 Novalukoml’
(Новалукомль, Novalukomĺ)
Novolukoml’
(Новолукомль)
Rajon July, 31 1970 1964 13,800
9 Haradok
(Гарадок, Haradok)
Gorodok
(Городок)
Rajon September, 27 1938 13th century 12,900
10 Baran’
(Барань, Barań)
Baran’
(Барань)
Rajon May, 17 1972 1598 11,600
11 Talachyn
(Талачын, Talačyn)
Tolochin
(Толочин)
Rajon July, 22 1955 1433 10,200
12 Braslaw
(Браслаў, Braslaŭ)
Braslav
(Браслав)
Rajon 1940[7] 1065 9,500
13 Chashniki
(Чашнікі, Čašniki)
Chashniki
(Чашники)
Rajon August, 31 1962 1504 9,200
14 Miyory
(Міёры, Mijory)
Miory
(Миоры)
Rajon January, 7 1972 1514 8,100
15 Dubrowna
(Дуброўна, Dubroŭna)
Dubrovno
(Дубровно)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1773 8,000
16 Syanno
(Сянно, Sianno)
Senno
(Сенно)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1442 8,000
17 Vyerhnyadzvinsk
(Верхнядзвінск, Vierchniadzvinsk)
Verkhnedvinsk
(Верхнедвинск)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1386 7,300
18 Dokshytsy
(Докшыцы, Dokšycy)
Dokshitsy
(Докшицы)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1407 6,600
19 Dzisna
(Дзісна, Dzisna)
Disna
(Дисна)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1461 2,000
Mahilyow (Mogilev) Region
1 Mahilyow
(Магілёў, Mahilioŭ)
Mogilëv
(Могилёв)
Voblasć September, 27 1938 1267 354,000
2 Babruysk
(Бабруйск, Babrujsk)
Bobruysk
(Бобруйск)
Voblasć September, 27 1938 1387 215,100
3 Horki
(Горкі, Horki)
Gorki
(Горки)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1544 32,600
4 Asipovichy
(Асіповічы, Asipovičy)
Osipovichi
(Осиповичи)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1872 32,400
5 Krychaw
(Крычаў, Kryčaŭ)
Krichev
(Кричев)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1136 27,100
6 Bykhaw
(Быхаў, Bychaŭ)
Bykhov
(Быхов)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1430 17,000
7 Klimavichy
(Клімавічы, Klimavičy)
Klimovichi
(Климовичи)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1581 17,000
8 Shklow
(Шклоў, Škloŭ)
Shklov
(Шклов)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1535 16,400
9 Kastsyukovichy
(Касцюковічы, Kasciukovičy)
Kostyukovichi
(Костюковичи)
Rajon September, 27 1938 16th century 15,900
10 Mstsislaw
(Мсціслаў, Mscislaŭ)
Mstislavl’
(Мстиславль)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1135 10,700
11 Chavusy
(Чавусы, Čavusy)
Chausy
(Чаусы)
Rajon September, 27 1938 16th century 10,600
12 Kirawsk
(Кіраўск, Kiraŭsk)
Kirovsk
(Кировск)
Rajon June, 4 2001 19th century 8,800
13 Cherykaw
(Чэрыкаў, Čerykaŭ)
Cherikov
(Чериков)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1604 8,200
14 Slawharad
(Слаўгарад, Slaŭharad)
Slavgorod
(Славгород)
Rajon May, 23 1945 1136 7,900
15 Klichaw
(Клічаў, Kličaŭ)
Klichev
(Кличев)
Rajon September, 11 2000 1592 7,500
Homyel’ (Gomel) Region
1 Homyel’
(Гомель, Homieĺ)
Gomel’
(Гомель)
Voblasć September, 27 1938 1142 484,300
2 Mazyr
(Мазыр, Mazyr)
Mozyr’
(Мозырь)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1155 108,800
3 Zhlobin
(Жлобін, Žlobin)
Zhlobin
(Жлобин)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1492 75,700
4 Svyetlahorsk
(Светлагорск, Svietlahorsk)
Svetlogorsk
(Светлогорск)
Rajon June, 29 1961 1560 69,900
5 Rechytsa
(Рэчыца, Rečyca)
Rechitsa
(Речица)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1213 64,600
6 Kalinkavichy
(Калінкавічы, Kalinkavičy)
Kalinkovichi
(Калинковичи)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1560 38,400
7 Rahachow
(Рагачоў, Rahačoŭ)
Rogachëv
(Рогачёв)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1560 38,400
8 Dobrush
(Добруш, Dobruš)
Dobrush
(Добруш)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1335 18,300
9 Zhytkavichy
(Жыткавічы, Žytkavičy)
Zhinkovichi
(Житковичи)
Rajon November, 19 1971 1500 15,900
10 Khoyniki
(Хойнікі, Chojniki)
Khoyniki
(Хойники)
Rajon November, 10 1967 1512 13,800
11 Pyetrykaw
(Петрыкаў, Pietrykaŭ)
Petrikov
(Петриков)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1523 10,500
12 Yel’sk
(Ельск, Jeĺsk)
Yel’sk
(Ельск)
Rajon July, 5 1971 16th century 9,700
13 Buda-Kashalyova
(Буда-Кашалёва, Buda-Kašaliova)
Buda-Koshelëvo
(Буда-Кошелёво)
Rajon December, 31 1971 1824 9,000
14 Narowlya
(Нароўля, Naroŭlia)
Narovlya
(Наровля)
Rajon November, 3 1971 1406 8,100
15 Vyetka
(Ветка, Vietka)
Vetka
(Ветка)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1685 8,000
16 Chachersk
(Чачэрск, Čačersk)
Chechersk
(Чечерск)
Rajon November, 3 1971 1159 8,000
17 Vasilyevichy
(Васілевічы, Vasilievičy)
Vasilevichi
(Василевичи)
Rajon November, 19 1971 16th century 3,900
18 Turaw
(Тураў, Turaŭ)
Turov
(Туров)
Rajon August, 3 2004 980 2,900
Brest Region
1 Brest
(Брэст, Brest)
Brest
(Брест)
Voblasć January, 15 1940 1019 310,800
2 Baranavichy
(Баранавічы, Baranavičy)
Baranovichi
(Барановичи)
Voblasć January, 15 1940 1871 168,200
3 Pinsk
(Пінск, Pinsk)
Pinsk
(Пинск)
Voblasć January, 15 1940 1097 130,600
4 Kobryn
(Кобрын, Kobryn)
Kobrin
(Кобрин)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1287 51,200
5 Byaroza
(Бяроза, Biaroza)
Berëza
(Берёза)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1477 29,400
6 Luninyets
(Лунінец, Luniniec)
Luninets
(Лунинец)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1449 23,600
7 Ivatsevichy
(Івацэвічы, Ivacevičy)
Ivatsevichi
(Ивацевичи)
Rajon May, 28 1966 1654 23,000
8 Pruzhany
(Пружаны, Pružany)
Pruzhany
(Пружаны)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1487 19,000
9 Ivanava
(Іванава, Ivanava)
Ivanovo
(Иваново)
Rajon March, 11 1971 1423 16,100
10 Drahichyn
(Драгічын, Drahičyn)
Drogichin
(Дрогичин)
Rajon November, 10 1967 1452 14,600
11 Hantsavichy
(Ганцавічы, Hancavičy)
Gantsevichi
(Ганцевичи)
Rajon December, 6 1973 1898 13,900
12 Zhabinka
(Жабінка, Žabinka)
Zhabinka
(Жабинка)
Rajon December, 23 1970 1871 13,100
13 Mikashevichy
(Мікашэвічы, Mikaševičy)
Mikashevichi
(Микашевичи)
Rajon May, 5 1998 1785 13,000
14 Byelaazyorsk
(Белаазёрск, Bielaaziorsk)
Beloozërsk
(Белоозёрск)
Rajon September, 16 1970 1958 12,500
15 Stolin
(Столін, Stolin)
Stolin
(Столин)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1555 12,400
16 Malaryta
(Маларыта, Malaryta)
Malorita
(Малорита)
Rajon December, 23 1970 1566 11,700
17 Lyakhavichy
(Ляхавічы, Liachavičy)
Lyakhovichi
(Ляховичи)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1572 11,000
18 Kamyanyets
(Камянец, Kamianiec)
Kamenets
(Каменец)
Rajon June, 24 1983 1276 8,400
19 Davyd-Haradok
(Давыд-Гарадок, Davyd-Haradok)
David-Gorodok
(Давид-Городок)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1127 6,500
20 Vysokaye
(Высокае, Vysokaje)
Vysokoye
(Высокое)
Rajon January, 15 1940 14th century 5,400
21 Kosava
(Косава, Kosava)
Kossovo
(Коссово)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1494 2,000
Hrodna (Grodno) Region
1 Hrodna
(Гродна, Hrodna)
Grodno
(Гродно)
Voblasć January, 15 1940 1127 328,000
2 Lida
(Ліда, Lida)
Lida
(Лида)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1323 97,600
3 Slonim
(Слонім, Slonim)
Slonim
(Слоним)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1252 48,800
4 Vawkavysk
(Ваўкавыск, Vaŭkavysk)
Volkovysk
(Волковыск)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1005 44,000
5 Smarhon’
(Смаргонь, Smarhoń)
Smorgon
(Сморгонь)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1503 36,200
6 Navahrudak
(Навагрудак, Navahrudak)
Novogrudok
(Новогрудок)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1212 29,200
7 Masty
(Масты, Masty)
Mosty
(Мосты)
Rajon July, 22 1955 1486 16,600
8 Shchuchyn
(Шчучын, Ščučyn)
Shchuchin
(Щучин)
Rajon August, 31 1962 1487 15,000
9 Ashmyany
(Ашмяны, Ašmiany)
Oshmyany
(Ошмяны)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1341 14,800
10 Skidzyel’
(Скідзель, Skidzieĺ)
Skidel’
(Скидель)
Rajon January, 30 1974 1508 10,800
11 Byarozawka
(Бярозаўка, Biarozaŭka)
Berëzovka
(Берёзовка)
Rajon September, 21 1990 19th century 10,800
12 Iwye
(Іўе, Iŭje)
Iv’ye
(Ивье)
Rajon January, 12 2000 1444 8,100
13 Dzyatlava
(Дзятлава, Dziatlava)
Dyatlovo
(Дятлово)
Rajon September, 21 1990 1498 7,800
14 Svislach
(Свіслач, Svislač)
Svisloch
(Свислочь)
Rajon January, 11 2000 1256 6,900

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The transliterations are provided of Belarusian words.
  2. ^ "Закон Республики Беларусь от 5 мая 1998 года № 154-З "Об административно-территориальном делении и порядке решения вопросов административно-территориального устройства Республики Беларусь"". Национальный правовой Интернет-портал Республики Беларусь. Retrieved 2010-06-03. 
  3. ^ Указ Президиума Верховного Совета БССР от 27 сентября 1938 года «О классификации населённых пунктов Белорусской ССР» (Собрание законов Белорусской ССР и указов Президиума Верховного Совета Белорусской ССР, 1938—1955 гг. — Мн.: издание Президиума Верховного Совета Белорусской ССР, 1956. — С.71—74)
  4. ^ Административно-территориальное деление Республики Беларусь на 1 января 2010 года // Статистический ежегодник Республики Беларусь 2010 / Зинковский В.И. и др.. — Мн.: Национальный статистический комитет Республики Беларусь, 2009. — С. 26.
  5. ^ Численность населения по Республике Беларусь, областям и г. Минску (тысяч человек) на 1 января 2010 года
  6. ^ Minsk, being the capital of BSSR, became a city of republican subordinance on May, 14 1946. It means that it has become a separate administrative unit on the level with a region (voblasć). It has been included into the table for convenience.
  7. ^ Браслав // Большой энциклопедический словарь / Гл. ред. В.П.Шишков. — Москва: НИ «Большая Российская энциклопедия», 1998. — 640 с. — ISBN 5-85270-262-5

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