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This is a list of the largest cities and towns in Belarus, including cities with population of over 5000, as assembled by the National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus.[1] Neither Belarusian nor Russian have equivalent words to English "city" and "town". The word horad[2] (Belarusian: горад, Russian: город) is used for both. But Belarusian legislature provides the three-level hierarchy.[3]

Overview[edit]

According to the Law under May 5, 1998, the categories of the most developed urban localities in Belarus are as follows:

  • capital — Minsk;
  • city of voblasć subordinance (Belarusian: горад абласнога падпарадкавання, Russian: город областного подчинения) — urban locality with the population of not less than 50,000 people; it has its own body of self-government, known as Council of Deputies (Belarusian: Савет дэпутатаў, Russian: совет депутатов) and an executive committee (Belarusian: выканаўчы камітэт, Russian: исполнительный комитет), which stand on the level with these of a rajon (Belarusian: раён).
  • city of rajon surbodinance (Belarusian: горад раённага падпарадкавання, Russian: город районного подчинения) — urban locality with the population of more than 6,000 people; it may have its own body of self-government (Belarusian: Савет дэпутатаў, Russian: совет депутатов) and an executive committee (Belarusian: выканаўчы камітэт, Russian: исполнительный комитет), which belong to the same level as these of rural councils and of s.c. haradski pasiolak (Belarusian: гарадскі пасёлак, Russian: городской посёлок) (a type of a smaller urban locality).

This division was inherited by the contemporary Republic of Belarus from BSSR and introduced in 1938.[4]

At the beginning of 2010 112 settlements had the status of a city/town. Among them:[5]

  • 12 towns of voblasć subordinance;
  • 99 towns of rajon subordinance;
  • Minsk — the capital of the country.

The list[edit]

Rank Belarusian
(BGN/PCGN)
Russian
(BGN/PCGN)
Status Obtaining Foundation Population
2012 Estimate[6]
Population
2009 Census
Change
 Minsk Region
1  Minsk
(Мінск, Minsk)
Minsk
(Минск)
Capital September, 27 1938[7] 1067 1,877,604 1,836,808 +2.22%
2  Barysaw
(Барысаў, Barysaŭ)
Borisov
(Борисов)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1102 148,360 147,381 +0.66%
3  Salihorsk
(Салігорск, Salihorsk)
Soligorsk
(Солигорск)
Rajon March, 7 1963 1959 103,950 102,297 +1.62%
4  Maladzyechna
(Маладзечна, Maladziečna)
Molodechno
(Молодечно)
Rajon September, 20 1944 1388 94,912 94,282 +0.67%
5  Zhodzina
(Жодзіна, Žodzina)
Zhodino
(Жодино)
Voblasć March, 7 1963 1643 63,139 61,724 +2.29%
6  Slutsk
(Слуцк, Sluck)
Slutsk
(Слуцк)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1116 61,830 61,444 +0.63%
7  Vileyka
(Вілейка, Viliejka)
Vileyka
(Вилейка)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1460 26,646 26,836 −0.71%
8  Dzyarzhynsk
(Дзяржынск, Dziaržynsk)
Dzerzhinsk
(Дзержинск)
Rajon September, 27 1938 11th century 25,433 25,164 +1.07%
9  Maryina Horka
(Мар'іна Горка, Marjina Horka)
Mar’ina Gorka
(Марьина Горка)
Rajon July, 22 1955 16th century 21,770 21,446 +1.51%
10  Stowbtsy
(Стоўбцы, Stoŭbcy)
Stolbtsy
(Столбцы)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1511 15,586 15,367 +1.43%
11  Smalyavichy
(Смалявічы, Smaliavičy)
Smolevichi
(Смолевичи)
Rajon March, 7 1968 1448 15,274 15,092 +1.21%
12 Zaslawye
(Заслаўе, Zaslaŭje)
Zaslavl’
(Заславль)
Rajon August, 14 1985 985 14,750 14,202 +3.86%
13 Nyasvizh
(Нясвіж, Niasviž)
Nesvizh
(Несвиж)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1223 14,013 14,033 −0.14%
14 Fanipal
(Фаніпаль, Fanipaĺ)
Fanipol'
(Фаниполь)
Rajon March, 10 1999 1856 13,325 12,718 +4.77%
15 Byerazino
(Беразіно, Bierazino)
Berezino
(Березино)
Rajon March, 7 1968 1501 11,924 12,020 −0.80%
16 Lyuban
(Любань, Liubań)
Lyuban’
(Любань)
Rajon March, 7 1968 1566 11,267 11,256 +0.10%
18  Staryya Darohi
(Старыя Дарогі, Staryja Darohi)
Staryye Dorogi
(Старые Дороги)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1524 11,029 11,036 −0.06%
19  Kletsk
(Клецк, Klieck)
Kletsk
(Клецк)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1127 10,779 10,761 +0.17%
17 Lahoysk
(Лагойск, Lahojsk)
Logoysk
(Логойск)
Rajon May, 28 1998 1078 11,098 10,706 +3.66%
20 Valozhyn
(Валожын, Valožyn)
Volozhin
(Воложин)
Rajon January, 15 1940 14th century 10,533 10,558 −0.24%
21 Chervyen
(Чэрвень, Červień)
Cherven’
(Червень)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1387 9,981 10,150 −1.67%
22  Kapyl
(Капыль, Kapyĺ)
Kopyl’
(Копыль)
Rajon April, 29 1984 1274 9,977 9,938 +0.39%
23 Uzda
(Узда, Uzda)
Uzda
(Узда)
Rajon March, 10 1999 1450 9,859 9,684 +1.81%
24  Krupki
(Крупкі, Krupki)
Krupki
(Крупки)
Rajon May, 7 1991 1575 8,736 8,675 +0.70%
25  Myadzyel
(Мядзел, Miadziel)
Myadel’
(Мядель)
Rajon November, 18 1998 1324 7,039 7,065 −0.37%
 Vitebsk Region
1  Vitebsk
(Віцебск, Viciebsk)
Vitebsk
(Витебск)
Voblasć September, 27 1938 974 354,563 347,928 +1.91%
2  Orsha
(Орша, Orša)
Orsha
(Орша)
Voblasć September, 27 1938 1067 117,553 117,225 +0.28%
3  Novopolotsk
(Наваполацк, Navapolack)
Novopolotsk
(Новополоцк)
Voblasć December, 14 1963 1958 98,408 98,138 +0.28%
4  Polotsk
(Полацк, Polack)
Polotsk
(Полоцк)
Voblasć September, 27 1938 862 84,092 82,547 +1.87%
5  Pastavy
(Паставы, Pastavy)
Postavy
(Поставы)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1409 19,973 19,815 +0.80%
6  Hlybokaye
(Глыбокае, Hlybokaje)
Glubokoye
(Глубокое)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1514 18,272 18,082 +1.05%
7  Lepiel
(Лепель, Liepieĺ)
Lepel’
(Лепель)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1439 17,109 17,280 −0.99%
8 Novalukoml
(Новалукомль, Novalukomĺ)
Novolukoml
(Новолукомль)
Rajon July, 31 1970 1964 14,007 13,945 +0.44%
9 Haradok
(Гарадок, Haradok)
Gorodok
(Городок)
Rajon September, 27 1938 13th century 12,838 12,968 −1.00%
10  Baran
(Барань, Barań)
Baran’
(Барань)
Rajon May, 17 1972 1598 11,472 11,662 −1.63%
11 Talachyn
(Талачын, Talačyn)
Tolochin
(Толочин)
Rajon July, 22 1955 1433 10,033 10,155 −1.20%
12 Braslaw
(Браслаў, Braslaŭ)
Braslav
(Браслав)
Rajon 1940[8] 1065 9,538 9,516 +0.23%
13 Chashniki
(Чашнікі, Čašniki)
Chashniki
(Чашники)
Rajon August, 31 1962 1504 9,123 9,203 −0.87%
14 Myory
(Міёры, Mijory)
Miory
(Миоры)
Rajon January, 7 1972 1514 8,160 8,188 −0.34%
16  Dubrowna
(Дуброўна, Dubroŭna)
Dubrovno
(Дубровно)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1773 7,878 8,041 −2.03%
15 Syanno
(Сянно, Sianno)
Senno
(Сенно)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1442 7,911 8,007 −1.20%
17 Verkhnyadzvinsk
(Верхнядзвінск, Vierchniadzvinsk)
Verkhnedvinsk
(Верхнедвинск)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1386 7,341 7,360 −0.26%
18  Dokshytsy
(Докшыцы, Dokšycy)
Dokshitsy
(Докшицы)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1407 6,615 6,628 −0.20%
 Mogilev Region
1  Mogilev
(Магілёў, Mahilioŭ)
Mogilev
(Могилёв)
Voblasć September, 27 1938 1267 361,779 358,279 +0.98%
2  Babruysk
(Бабруйск, Babrujsk)
Bobruysk
(Бобруйск)
Voblasć September, 27 1938 1387 215,694 215,092 +0.28%
3  Horki
(Горкі, Horki)
Gorki
(Горки)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1544 33,030 32,777 +0.77%
4  Asipovichy
(Асіповічы, Asipovičy)
Osipovichi
(Осиповичи)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1872 32,393 32,543 −0.46%
5  Krychaw
(Крычаў, Kryčaŭ)
Krichev
(Кричев)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1136 26,555 27,202 −2.38%
7 Bykhaw
(Быхаў, Bychaŭ)
Bykhov
(Быхов)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1430 16,684 17,031 −2.04%
6 Klimavichy
(Клімавічы, Klimavičy)
Klimovichi
(Климовичи)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1581 17,136 17,064 +0.42%
8 Shklow
(Шклоў, Škloŭ)
Shklov
(Шклов)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1535 16,650 16,439 +1.28%
9 Kastsyukovichy
(Касцюковічы, Kasciukovičy)
Kostyukovichi
(Костюковичи)
Rajon September, 27 1938 16th century 16,386 15,993 +2.46%
10 Mstsislaw
(Мсціслаў, Mscislaŭ)
Mstislavl’
(Мстиславль)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1135 10,753 10,804 −0.47%
11 Chavusy
(Чавусы, Čavusy)
Chausy
(Чаусы)
Rajon September, 27 1938 16th century 10,487 10,692 −1.92%
12 Kirawsk
(Кіраўск, Kiraŭsk)
Kirovsk
(Кировск)
Rajon June, 4 2001 19th century 8,813 8,756 +0.65%
13 Cherykaw
(Чэрыкаў, Čerykaŭ)
Cherikov
(Чериков)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1604 8,112 8,177 −0.79%
14  Slawharad
(Слаўгарад, Slaŭharad)
Slavgorod
(Славгород)
Rajon May, 23 1945 1136 7,976 7,992 −0.20%
15  Klichaw
(Клічаў, Kličaŭ)
Klichev
(Кличев)
Rajon September, 11 2000 1592 7,455 7,521 −0.88%
 Gomel Region
1  Gomel
(Гомель, Homieĺ)
Gomel’
(Гомель)
Voblasć September, 27 1938 1142 489,392 482,652 +1.40%
2 Mazyr
(Мазыр, Mazyr)
Mozyr’
(Мозырь)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1155 110,299 108,792 +1.39%
3  Zhlobin
(Жлобін, Žlobin)
Zhlobin
(Жлобин)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1492 78,778 75,866 +3.84%
4  Svietlahorsk
(Светлагорск, Svietlahorsk)
Svetlogorsk
(Светлогорск)
Rajon June, 29 1961 1560 70,248 69,995 +0.36%
5  Rechytsa
(Рэчыца, Rečyca)
Rechitsa
(Речица)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1213 64,952 64,731 +0.34%
6  Kalinkavichy
(Калінкавічы, Kalinkavičy)
Kalinkovichi
(Калинковичи)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1560 38,406 38,381 +0.07%
7  Rahachow
(Рагачоў, Rahačoŭ)
Rogachëv
(Рогачёв)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1560 33,751 33,702 +0.15%
8 Dobrush
(Добруш, Dobruš)
Dobrush
(Добруш)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1335 18,205 18,330 −0.68%
9 Zhytkavichy
(Жыткавічы, Žytkavičy)
Zhinkovichi
(Житковичи)
Rajon November, 19 1971 1500 16,085 15,893 +1.21%
10 Khoyniki
(Хойнікі, Chojniki)
Khoyniki
(Хойники)
Rajon November, 10 1967 1512 13,596 13,844 −1.79%
11 Pietrykaw
(Петрыкаў, Pietrykaŭ)
Petrikov
(Петриков)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1523 10,520 10,591 −0.67%
12 Yel'sk
(Ельск, Jeĺsk)
Yel’sk
(Ельск)
Rajon July, 5 1971 16th century 9,825 9,725 +1.03%
13 Buda-Kashalyova
(Буда-Кашалёва, Buda-Kašaliova)
Buda-Koshelëvo
(Буда-Кошелёво)
Rajon December, 31 1971 1824 9,080 9,016 +0.71%
15 Naroulia
(Нароўля, Naroŭlia)
Narovlya
(Наровля)
Rajon November, 3 1971 1406 7,856 8,110 −3.13%
16 Vietka
(Ветка, Vietka)
Vetka
(Ветка)
Rajon September, 27 1938 1685 7,746 7,927 −2.28%
14 Chachersk
(Чачэрск, Čačersk)
Chechersk
(Чечерск)
Rajon November, 3 1971 1159 7,860 7,991 −1.64%
 Brest Region
1  Brest
(Брэст, Brest)
Brest
(Брест)
Voblasć January, 15 1940 1019 318,709 309,764 +2.89%
2 Baranavichy
(Баранавічы, Baranavičy)
Baranovichi
(Барановичи)
Voblasć January, 15 1940 1871 169,777 168,240 +0.91%
3 Pinsk
(Пінск, Pinsk)
Pinsk
(Пинск)
Voblasć January, 15 1940 1097 131,708 130,355 +1.04%
4  Kobryn
(Кобрын, Kobryn)
Kobrin
(Кобрин)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1287 51,822 51,166 +1.28%
5  Byaroza
(Бяроза, Biaroza)
Berëza
(Берёза)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1477 30,141 29,357 +2.67%
7  Luninets
(Лунінец, Luniniec)
Luninets
(Лунинец)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1449 23,574 23,608 −0.14%
6  Ivatsevichy
(Івацэвічы, Ivacevičy)
Ivatsevichi
(Ивацевичи)
Rajon May, 28 1966 1654 23,729 22,958 +3.36%
8 Pruzhany
(Пружаны, Pružany)
Pruzhany
(Пружаны)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1487 18,503 19,032 −2.78%
9  Ivanava
(Іванава, Ivanava)
Ivanovo
(Иваново)
Rajon March, 11 1971 1423 16,378 16,086 +1.82%
10 Drahichyn
(Драгічын, Drahičyn)
Drogichin
(Дрогичин)
Rajon November, 10 1967 1452 14,871 14,744 +0.86%
11 Hantsavichy
(Ганцавічы, Hancavičy)
Gantsevichi
(Ганцевичи)
Rajon December, 6 1973 1898 13,816 13,894 −0.56%
12 Zhabinka
(Жабінка, Žabinka)
Zhabinka
(Жабинка)
Rajon December, 23 1970 1871 13,352 13,084 +2.05%
13 Mikashevichy
(Мікашэвічы, Mikaševičy)
Mikashevichi
(Микашевичи)
Rajon May, 5 1998 1785 13,000 13,016 −0.12%
14 Byelaazyorsk
(Белаазёрск, Bielaaziorsk)
Beloozërsk
(Белоозёрск)
Rajon September, 16 1970 1958 12,727 12,519 +1.66%
15 Stolin
(Столін, Stolin)
Stolin
(Столин)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1555 12,694 12,462 +1.86%
16 Malaryta
(Маларыта, Malaryta)
Malorita
(Малорита)
Rajon December, 23 1970 1566 12,004 11,751 +2.15%
17 Lyakhavichy
(Ляхавічы, Liachavičy)
Lyakhovichi
(Ляховичи)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1572 11,001 10,997 +0.04%
18 Kamyenyets
(Камянец, Kamianiec)
Kamenets
(Каменец)
Rajon June, 24 1983 1276 8,442 8,447 −0.06%
19 Davyd-Haradok
(Давыд-Гарадок, Davyd-Haradok)
David-Gorodok
(Давид-Городок)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1127 6,418 6,573 −2.36%
20 Vysokaye
(Высокае, Vysokaje)
Vysokoye
(Высокое)
Rajon January, 15 1940 14th century 5,478 5,376 +1.90%
 Grodno Region
1  Grodno
(Гродна, Hrodna)
Grodno
(Гродно)
Voblasć January, 15 1940 1127 339,406 327,540 +3.62%
2 Lida
(Ліда, Lida)
Lida
(Лида)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1323 98,578 97,629 +0.97%
3 Slonim
(Слонім, Slonim)
Slonim
(Слоним)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1252 49,350 48,970 +0.78%
4  Vawkavysk
(Ваўкавыск, Vaŭkavysk)
Volkovysk
(Волковыск)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1005 44,632 44,167 +1.05%
5 Smarhon’
(Смаргонь, Smarhoń)
Smorgon
(Сморгонь)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1503 37,005 36,283 +1.99%
6  Navahrudak
(Навагрудак, Navahrudak)
Novogrudok
(Новогрудок)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1212 29,287 29,336 −0.17%
7 Masty
(Масты, Masty)
Mosty
(Мосты)
Rajon July, 22 1955 1486 16,592 16,595 −0.02%
8 Shchuchyn
(Шчучын, Ščučyn)
Shchuchin
(Щучин)
Rajon August, 31 1962 1487 14,987 15,042 −0.37%
9 Ashmyany
(Ашмяны, Ašmiany)
Oshmyany
(Ошмяны)
Rajon January, 15 1940 1341 14,807 14,813 −0.04%
10 Skidzyel’
(Скідзель, Skidzieĺ)
Skidel’
(Скидель)
Rajon January, 30 1974 1508 10,852 10,869 −0.16%
11 Byarozawka
(Бярозаўка, Biarozaŭka)
Berëzovka
(Берёзовка)
Rajon September, 21 1990 19th century 10,753 10,835 −0.76%
12 Iwye
(Іўе, Iŭje)
Iv’ye
(Ивье)
Rajon January, 12 2000 1444 8,192 8,174 +0.22%
13 Dzyatlava
(Дзятлава, Dziatlava)
Dyatlovo
(Дятлово)
Rajon September, 21 1990 1498 7,879 7,853 +0.33%
14 Svislach
(Свіслач, Svislač)
Svisloch
(Свислочь)
Rajon January, 11 2000 1256 6,747 6,886 −2.02%

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.belstat.gov.by/en/perepis-naseleniya/
  2. ^ The transliterations are provided of Belarusian words.
  3. ^ "Закон Республики Беларусь от 5 мая 1998 года № 154-З "Об административно-территориальном делении и порядке решения вопросов административно-территориального устройства Республики Беларусь"". Национальный правовой Интернет-портал Республики Беларусь. Retrieved 2010-06-03. 
  4. ^ Указ Президиума Верховного Совета БССР от 27 сентября 1938 года «О классификации населённых пунктов Белорусской ССР» (Собрание законов Белорусской ССР и указов Президиума Верховного Совета Белорусской ССР, 1938—1955 гг. — Мн.: издание Президиума Верховного Совета Белорусской ССР, 1956. — С.71—74)
  5. ^ Административно-территориальное деление Республики Беларусь на 1 января 2010 года // Статистический ежегодник Республики Беларусь 2010 / Зинковский В.И. и др.. — Мн.: Национальный статистический комитет Республики Беларусь, 2009. — С. 26.
  6. ^ https://archive.is/20130111115509/http://www.world-gazetteer.com/wg.php?x=1330596340&men=gcis&lng=en&des=wg&geo=43&srt=pnan&col=abcdefghinoq&msz=1500&pt=c&va=&srt=pnan
  7. ^ Minsk, being the capital of BSSR, became a city of republican subordinance on May, 14 1946. It means that it has become a separate administrative unit on the level with a region (voblasć). It has been included into the table for convenience.
  8. ^ Браслав // Большой энциклопедический словарь / Гл. ред. В.П.Шишков. — Москва: НИ «Большая Российская энциклопедия», 1998. — 640 с. — ISBN 5-85270-262-5

External links[edit]

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