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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from List of sovereign states in 1951)
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This is a list of sovereign states in the 1950s, giving an overview of states around the world during the period between 1 January 1950 and 31 December 1959. It contains 106 entries, arranged alphabetically, with information on the status and recognition of their sovereignty. It includes 99 widely recognized sovereign states, 6 entities which were de facto sovereign but which were not widely recognized by other states, and 1 state which was initially unrecognized but then gained full recognition later in the decade.

Sovereign states[edit]

Name and capital city Information on status and recognition of sovereignty

A[edit]


Afghanistan Afghanistan – Kingdom of Afghanistan
Capital: Kabul
Widely recognized UN member state.

Albania Albania – People's Republic of Albania
Capital: Tirana
Widely recognized independent state. UN member state (from 14 December 1955)

 Andorra – Principality of Andorra
Capital: Andorra la Vella
Widely recognized independent state. The President of France and Bishop of Urgell were ex officio Co-Princes of Andorra. The defense of Andorra was the responsibility of France and Spain.

 Arab Federation – Arab Federation of Iraq and Jordan (from 14 February 1958 to 14 July 1958)[1]
Capital: Baghdad
Widely recognized independent state. The Arab Federation occupied West Bank but these areas were not generally recognized as being part of the Arab Federation.[2]

 Argentina – Argentine Republic[3]
Capital: Buenos Aires
Widely recognized UN member state. Argentina was a federation of 23 provinces and 10 federal territories.[4] It had a claim over Argentine Antarctica. It also claimed the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, both of which were British overseas territories.

 Australia – Commonwealth of Australia
Capital: Canberra
Widely recognized UN member state. Commonwealth realm. Australia was a federation of six states and three territories.[5] It had sovereignty over the following external territories:

Australia administered two United Nations Trust Territories:


 Austria – Republic of Austria
Capital: Vienna
Widely recognized state under Allied occupation. Independent state (from 27 July 1955). Permanent observer at the UN (from 1952 to 14 December 1955). UN member state (from 14 December 1955). Austria was a federation of nine states.[6]

B[edit]


 Belgium – Kingdom of Belgium
Capital: Brussels
Widely recognized UN member state. EEC member (from 25 March 1957). Belgium had sovereignty over one colony:

Belgium administered one United Nations trust territory:


 Bhutan – Kingdom of Bhutan
Capital: Thimphu (to 1955), Punakha (from 1955)
Widely recognized independent state. Bhutan was officially guided by India in its foreign affairs.

 Bolivia – Republic of Bolivia
Capital: Sucre (official), La Paz (administrative)
Widely recognized UN member state.

Brazil Brazil – Republic of the United States of Brazil
Capital: Rio de Janerio
Widely recognized UN member state. Brazil was a federation of 20 states, five territories, and one federal district.[7]

Bulgaria Bulgaria – People's Republic of Bulgaria
Capital: Sofia
Widely recognized independent state. UN member state (from 14 December 1955).

 Burma – Union of Burma
Capital: Rangoon
Widely recognized UN member state.

C[edit]


Cambodia Cambodia – Kingdom of Cambodia (from 9 November 1953)[8]
Capital: Phnom Penh
Widely recognized independent state. UN member state (from 14 December 1955).

Canada  Canada – Dominion of Canada
Capital: Ottawa
Widely recognized UN member state. Commonwealth realm. Canada was a federation of ten provinces and two territories.[9]

Dominion of Ceylon Dominion of Ceylon Ceylon – Dominion of Ceylon
Capital: Colombo
Widely recognized independent state. UN member state (from 14 December 1955). Commonwealth realm.

 Chile – Republic of Chile
Capital: Santiago
Widely recognized UN member state. It had a claim over Chilean Antarctic Territory.

 China, People's Republic of
Capital: Beijing
Partially recognized de facto independent state.[10] The People's Republic of China had four autonomous regions: Guangxi (from 5 March 1958), Inner Mongolia, Ningxia (from 25 October 1958), Xinjiang (from 1 October 1955). The People's Republic of China claimed Taiwan, Kinmen, the Matsu Islands, the Pratas Islands and Itu Aba, all of which were governed by the Republic of China. It also claimed the Paracel Islands (disputed by the Republic of China and South Vietnam), the Spratly Islands (disputed by the Republic of China, South Vietnam, and the Philippines), and South Tibet (controlled by India's North-East Frontier Agency).

 China, Republic of
Capital: Taipei (seat of government), Nanjing (claimed)
Widely recognized UN member state.[10] The Republic of China claimed to be the sole legitimate government of China, but only administered Taiwan, Kinmen, the Matsu Islands, the Pratas Islands, Itu Aba, and portions of Yunnan Province. The Republic of China had territorial claims over Mongolia; the Tuvan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic; the Sixty-Four Villages East of the River (administered by the Soviet Union); The majority of Gorno-Badakhshan (administered by the Soviet Union); The eastern tip of the Wakhan Corridor (administered by Afghanistan); part of the disputed Kashmir region; eastern Bhutan; South Tibet (controlled by India's North-East Frontier Agency); and Kachin State (administered by Burma).

 Colombia – Republic of Colombia
Capital: Bogotá
Widely recognized UN member state. Colombia claimed Quita Sueño Bank, Roncador Bank, and Serrana Bank (disputed by the United States); Bajo Nuevo Bank (disputed by Jamaica, Nicaragua and the United States); and Serranilla Bank (disputed by Nicaragua and the United States)

 Costa Rica – Republic of Costa Rica
Capital: San José
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Cuba – Republic of Cuba
Capital: Havana
Widely recognized UN member state. The Cuban area of Guantánamo Bay was under the permanent control of the United States.

 Czechoslovakia – Czechoslovak Republic
Capital: Prague
Widely recognized UN member state.[11]

D[edit]


India Dadra / Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Capital: Dadra (to 2 August 1954), Silvassa (from 2 August 1954)
  • Free Dadra (from 22 July 1954 to 15 August 1954)[12]
  • Free Dadra and Nagar Haveli (from 15 August 1954)[12]
De facto independent state.[13] Claimed by Portugal.

 Denmark – Kingdom of Denmark
Capital: Copenhagen
Widely recognized UN member state. The Danish Realm also included one autonomous region:

Denmark had one colony:


 Dominican Republic
Capital: Santo Domingo
Widely recognized UN member state.

E[edit]


 Ecuador – Republic of Ecuador
Capital: Quito
Widely recognized UN member state.

Kingdom of Egypt  Egypt
Capital: Cairo
Widely recognized UN member state. Egypt administered one condominium:

Egypt occupied the Gaza Strip.


 El Salvador – Republic of El Salvador
Capital: San Salvador
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Ethiopia – Empire of Ethiopia
Capital: Addis Ababa
Widely recognized UN member state.

F[edit]


 Finland – Republic of Finland
Capital: Helsinki
Widely recognized independent state. Permanent observer at the UN (from 1952 to 14 December 1955). UN member state (from 14 December 1955). Finland had a neutral and demilitarised region:

 France – French Republic
Capital: Paris
Widely recognized UN member state. EEC member (from 25 March 1957). France included 21 overseas departments: French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Réunion, and multiple departments in French Algeria (three departments to 1955, four departments from 1955 to 1957, fourteen departments from 1957 to 1958, and seventeen departments from 1958 on.) The French Union contained the following autonomous associated states:

The French Community consisted of the following autonomous republics:

France administered the foreign affairs of the following protectorates:

France also had sovereignty over the following overseas territories:

It also co-administered one condominium:

France administered two United Nations Trust Territories:

France administered one occupied territory:

  • Fezzan (to 23 December 1951, under UN supervision)

G[edit]


East Germany  Germany, East – German Democratic Republic
Capital: East Berlin (disputed)
Widely recognized state under Soviet occupation. Independent state (from 26 March 1954).

 Germany, West – Federal Republic of Germany
Capital: Bonn
Widely recognized state under Allied occupation. Independent state (from 5 May 1955). Permanent observer at the UN (from 1952). EEC member (from 25 March 1957). West Germany was a federation of thirteen states.[16]

Ghana Ghana (from 6 March 1957)[17]
Capital: Accra
Widely recognized independent state. UN member state (from 8 March 1957). Commonwealth realm.

Greece Greece – Kingdom of Greece
Capital: Athens
Widely recognized UN member state. Greece had sovereignty over Mount Athos, an autonomous monastic state that was jointly governed by the multi-national "Holy Community" on the mountain and the Civil Governor appointed by the Greek Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and spiritually came under the direct jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate.

 Guatemala – Republic of Guatemala
Capital: Guatemala City
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Guinea – Republic of Guinea (from 2 October 1958)[18]
Capital: Conakry
Widely recognized independent state. UN member state (from 12 December 1958).

H[edit]


 Haiti – Republic of Haiti
Capital: Port-au-Prince
Widely recognized UN member state. Haiti claimed the uninhabited United States possession of Navassa Island.

Holy See → Vatican City

 Honduras – Republic of Honduras
Capital: Tegucigalpa
Widely recognized UN member state.

Hungary Hungary Hungary Hungary – People's Republic of Hungary
Capital: Budapest
Widely recognized independent state. UN member state (from 14 December 1955).

I[edit]


 Iceland – Republic of Iceland
Capital: Reykjavík
Widely recognized UN member state.

 India
Capital: New Delhi
Widely recognized UN member state. Commonwealth realm (to 26 January 1950). From 26 January 1950 to 1 November 1956, India was a federation of ten Part A states, eight Part B states, nine Part C states, and four Part D Territories.[20] After 1 November 1956, India was a federation of fourteen states and seven union territories.[21] India had partial sovereignty over one protectorate:
  • Sikkim (from 5 December 1950)

Indian sovereignty over South Tibet, administered as part of its North-East Frontier Agency, was disputed by the People's Republic of China. India administered part of the disputed region of Kashmir as the state of Jammu and Kashmir.


 Indonesia
Capital: Djakarta
Widely recognized independent state. UN member state (from 28 September 1950). Until 17 August 1950, Indonesia was a federation of fourteen states.[23] Indonesia had two special provinces: Aceh (from 26 May 1959) and Yogyakarta (from 3 August 1950).

Iran Iran – Imperial State of Iran
Capital: Tehran
Widely recognized UN member state.

Iraq Iraq Iraq
Capital: Baghdad
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Ireland[24]
Capital: Dublin
Widely recognized independent state. UN member state (from 14 December 1955).

 Israel – State of Israel
Capital: Jerusalem
Widely recognized UN member state.[25]

 Italy – Italian Republic
Capital: Rome
Widely recognized independent state. UN member state (from 14 December 1955). Italy had 5 autonomous regions: Aosta Valley, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Sardinia, Sicily, and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol. EEC member (from 25 March 1957). Italy administered one United Nations Trust Territory:

J[edit]


 Japan
Capital: Tokyo
Widely recognized state under United States occupation. Independent state (from 28 April 1952). Permanent observer at the UN (from 1952 to 18 December 1956). UN member state (from 18 December 1956). Japan had residual sovereignty over the Ryukyu Islands and the Bonin-Volcano Islands, which were occupied and administered by the United States.

 Jordan – Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (to 14 February 1958, from 14 July 1958)[1]
Capital: Amman
Widely recognized independent state. UN member state (from 14 December 1955). Jordan occupied West Bank but these areas were not generally recognized as being part of Jordan.[26]

K[edit]


 Korea, North – Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Capital: Pyongyang
Widely recognized independent state.[27] Claimed to be the sole legitimate government of Korea.

 Korea, South – Republic of Korea
Capital: Seoul
Widely recognized independent state.[28] Permanent observer at the UN. Claimed to be the sole legitimate government of Korea.

L[edit]


Laos Laos – Kingdom of Laos (from 22 October 1953)[29]
Capital: Vientiane
Widely recognized independent state. UN member state (from 14 December 1955).

 Lebanon – Lebanese Republic
Capital: Beirut
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Liberia – Republic of Liberia
Capital: Monrovia
Widely recognized UN member state.

Libya Libya – United Kingdom of Libya (from 24 December 1951)[30]
Capital: Tripoli
Widely recognized independent state. UN member state (from 14 December 1955). Libya was a federation of three provinces.[31]

 Liechtenstein – Principality of Liechtenstein
Capital: Vaduz
Widely recognized independent state.[11] The defense of Liechtenstein was the responsibility of Switzerland.

 Luxembourg – Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Capital: Luxembourg
Widely recognized UN member state. EEC member (from 25 March 1957).

M[edit]


 Malaya - Federation of Malaya (from 31 August 1957)[32]
Capital: Kuala Lumpur
Widely recognized independent state. UN member state (from 17 September 1957). Malaya was a federation of eleven states.[33]

 Mexico – United Mexican States


Capital: Mexico City

Widely recognized UN member state. Mexico was a federation of 29 states, three territories, and one federal district.[34]

 Monaco – Principality of Monaco
Capital: Monaco
Widely recognized independent state. Permanent observer at the UN (from 1956). The defense of Monaco was the responsibility of France.

Mongolia Mongolia – Mongolian People's Republic
Capital: Ulaanbaatar
Widely recognized independent state.

 Morocco
Capital: Rabat
  • Sherifian Empire (to 1 August 1957)[35][36]
  • Kingdom of Morocco (from 14 August 1957)[36]
To 1 March 1956, de jure sovereign state under French protectorate[37][38]
Moroccan rule restored over the Spanish zone of Northern Morocco on 7 April 1956.
Moroccan rule restored over the Tangier International Zone on 29 October 1956.
Moroccan rule restored over Cape Juby on 2 April 1958.
Widely recognized independent state. UN member state (from 12 November 1956). Morocco disputed the Spanish sovereignty over Ceuta, Isla de Alborán, Isla Perejil, Islas Chafarinas, Melilla and Peñón de Alhucemas.

Muscat and Oman – Sultanate of Muscat and Oman
Capital: Muscat, Oman
Widely recognized independent state under the informal protection of the United Kingdom. Muscat and Oman contained one self-governing territory, The Imamate of Oman (to 11 August 1957).

N[edit]


Nepal – Kingdom of Nepal
Capital: Kathmandu
Widely recognized independent state. UN member state (from 14 December 1955).

 Netherlands – Kingdom of the Netherlands
Capital: Amsterdam (official), The Hague (seat of government)
Widely recognized UN member state. The Kingdom of the Netherlands consisted of three autonomous countries:

The Kingdom of the Netherlands as a whole was a member of the EEC (from 25 March 1957), but Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles were not. The Kingdom of the Netherlands had sovereignty over the following colonies:


 New Zealand – Dominion of New Zealand
Capital: Wellington
Widely recognized UN member state. Commonwealth realm. New Zealand had sovereignty over four dependent territories:

The government of Tokelau Islands claimed Swains Island, part of American Samoa (a U.S. dependence).

New Zealand administered two United Nations Trust Territories:


 Nicaragua – Republic of Nicaragua
Capital: Managua
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Norway – Kingdom of Norway
Capital: Oslo
Widely recognized UN member state. Norway had two integral overseas areas: Jan Mayen and Svalbard. The latter area had a special status due to the Spitsbergen Treaty. Norway had sovereignty over the following dependencies:

P[edit]


 Pakistan – Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Capital: Karachi
Widely recognized UN member state. Pakistan was a federation of eight provinces, thirteen princely states, and one territory.[39] It administered part of the disputed region of Kashmir.

 Panama – Republic of Panama
Capital: Panama City
Widely recognized UN member state.

Paraguay  Paraguay – Republic of Paraguay
Capital: Asunción
Widely recognized UN member state.

Peru  Peru – Peruvian Republic
Capital: Lima
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Philippines – Republic of the Philippines
Capital: Quezon City (official), Baguio (summer)
Widely recognized UN member state.

Poland Poland
Capital: Warsaw
  • Republic of Poland (to 22 July 1952)[40]
  • People's Republic of Poland (from 22 July 1952)[40]
Widely recognized UN member state.

Portugal Portugal – Portuguese Republic
Capital: Lisbon
Widely recognized independent state. UN member state (from 14 December 1955). Portugal had sovereignty over the following colonies (overseas province from 11 June 1951):

It also had sovereignty over one possession:

Portugal claimed the Spanish municipalities of Olivenza and Táliga.


R[edit]


Romania Romania Romania[41] – Romanian People's Republic
Capital: Bucharest
Widely recognized independent state. UN member state (from 14 December 1955).

S[edit]


 San Marino – Republic of San Marino
Capital: San Marino
Widely recognized independent state.

 Saudi Arabia – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Capital: Riyadh
Widely recognized UN member state.

Sikkim – Kingdom of Sikkim (to 5 December 1950)[42]
Capital: Gangtok
Widely recognized independent state under the informal protection of India.

 South Africa – Union of South Africa
Capital: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), Bloemfontein (judicial)
Widely recognized UN member state. Commonwealth realm. South Africa administered one League of Nations mandate:

Republic of South Maluku South Moluccas – Republic of the South Moluccas (from 25 April 1950 to 17 October 1952)[43]
Capital: Ambon
De facto independent state. Not recognized by any other state. Claimed by Indonesia.

Soviet Union  Soviet Union – Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Capital: Moscow
Widely recognized UN member state. The Soviet Union was a federation of 16 (later 15) republics, two of which (Byelorussia and Ukraine) were UN members in their own right.[44]

 Spain – Spanish State
Capital: Madrid
Widely recognized independent state. Permanent observer at the UN (from 1955 to 14 December 1955). UN member state (from 14 December 1955). Spain had sovereignty over the following overseas provinces:

Spain administered the foreign affairs of one protectorate:

  • Morocco Spanish Morocco, de jure the Spanish sphere of influence in Morocco (to 7 April 1956)

Its sovereignty over Ceuta, Isla de Alborán, Isla Perejil, Islas Chafarinas, Melilla and Peñón de Alhucemas was disputed by Morocco. Its sovereignty over Olivenza and Táliga was disputed by Portugal. It claimed the British overseas territory of Gibraltar.


 Sudan – Republic of the Sudan (from 1 January 1956)[45]
Capital: Khartoum
Widely recognized independent state. UN member state (from 12 November 1956).

 Suvadive Islands – United Suvadive Republic (from 3 January 1959)[46]
Capital: Hithadhoo
De facto independent state. Not recognized by any other state. Claimed by the United Kingdom.

 Sweden – Kingdom of Sweden
Capital: Stockholm
Widely recognized UN member state.

  Switzerland – Swiss Confederation
Capital: Bern
Widely recognized independent state. Permanent observer at the UN. Switzerland was a federation of 25 cantons.[47]

 Syria – Syrian Republic (to 1 February 1958)[15]
Capital: Damascus
Widely recognized UN member state.

T[edit]


 Thailand – Kingdom of Thailand
Capital: Bangkok
Widely recognized UN member state.

Tibet Tibet (to 23 May 1951)[48]
Capital: Lhasa
De facto independent state. Claimed by the Republic of China. Recognized by no other sovereign state.

 Tunisia
Capital: Tunis
  • Tunisian Realm (from 20 March 1956 to 25 July 1957)[49][50]
  • Tunisian Republic (from 25 July 1957)[50]
Widely recognized independent state. UN member state (from 12 November 1956).

 Trieste – Free Territory of Trieste (to 26 October 1954)[51]
Capital: Trieste
Widely recognized state under occupation of the United States, United Kingdom, and Yugoslavia.

 Turkey – Republic of Turkey
Capital: Ankara
Widely recognized UN member state.

U[edit]


 United Arab Republic (from 1 February 1958 to 8 March 1958)[15]
Capital: Cairo
Widely recognized UN member state. United Arab States member (from 1958). The United Arab Republic consisted of two states: Syria and Egypt. The United Arab Republic occupied the Gaza Strip, but this area was not generally recognized as being part of the UAR.

United Arab States (from 8 March 1958) Widely recognized UN member state. The United Arab States consisted of two states (later three): The United Arab Republic (Egypt and Syria, later, just Egypt), North Yemen, and later Syria.

 United Kingdom – United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Capital: London
Widely recognized UN member state. The United Kingdom was composed of four countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. The United Kingdom administered the foreign affairs of the following protected states:

The United Kingdom co-administered the following condominiums:

It also had sovereignty over the following crown colonies and protectorates:

In addition, the British Monarch had direct sovereignty over three self-governing Crown dependencies:

The United Kingdom administered four United Nations Trust Territories:

The United Kingdom administered four occupied territories:


United States  United States – United States of America
Capital: Washington, D.C.
Widely recognized UN member state. The United States was a federation of 48 (later 50) states, one federal district, and two (later one) incorporated territories.[52] It asserted sovereignty over the following inhabited unincorporated territories:

It also asserted sovereignty over fifteen uninhabited unincorporated territories:[53]

The United States co-administered the following condominium:

After 28 April 1952, the United States administered two territories under the residual sovereignty of Japan:

In addition, the United States administered one United Nations Trust Territory:


 Uruguay – Eastern Republic of Uruguay
Capital: Montevideo
Widely recognized UN member state.

V[edit]


  Vatican City – Vatican City State
Capital: Vatican City
Widely recognized independent state. Vatican City was administered by the Holy See, a sovereign entity recognized by a large number of countries. The Holy See also administered a number of extraterritorial properties in Italy. The Pope was the ex officio head of state of Vatican City.

 Venezuela
Capital: Caracas
  • United States of Venezuela (to 15 April 1953)[54]
  • Republic of Venezuela (from 15 April 1953)[54]
Widely recognized UN member state. Venezuela was a federation of 20 states, two territories, one federal dependency, and one federal district.[55]

North Vietnam  Vietnam, North – Democratic Republic of Vietnam
Capital: Hanoi
De facto independent state. Claimed by France (to 21 July 1954). Widely recognized (from 21 July 1954).

 Vietnam, South
Capital: Saigon
Widely recognized independent state. Permanent observer at the UN (from 1952). South Vietnam claimed sovereignty over the Paracel Islands (disputed by the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China) and Spratly Islands (disputed by the People's Republic of China, the Republic of China, and the Philippines).

Y[edit]


Yemen Yemen – Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen (to 8 March 1958)
Capital: Ta'izz
Widely recognized UN member state. United Arab States member (from 1958).

 Yugoslavia – Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia
Capital: Belgrade
Widely recognized UN member state. Yugoslavia was a federation of six republics.[57]

Other entities[edit]

Excluded from the list above are the following noteworthy entities which either were not fully sovereign or did not claim to be independent:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Jordan and Iraq united to form the Arab Federation on 14 February 1958. It was dissolved on July 14 following the overthrow of the Hashemite monarchy in Iraq. [1]
  2. ^ Only the United Kingdom recognized the West Bank, including East Jerusalem as being part of the Arab Federation.
  3. ^ The name "Argentine Nation" was also used for the purposes of legislation.
  4. ^ 23 Provinces: Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chubut (from 15 June 1955), Córdoba, Corrientes, Entre Ríos, Formosa (from 15 June 1955), Jujuy, La Pampa (renamed Eva Perón from 29 January 1952 to 27 April 1956), La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones (from 1953), Neuquén (from 15 June 1955), Presidente Juan Perón (from 10 August 1951, renamed Chaco on 27 April 1956), Río Negro (from 15 June 1955), Salta, San Juan, San Luis, Santa Cruz (from 1957), Santa Fe, Santiago del Estero, Tucumán. 10 Territories: Buenos Aires, Chaco (to 10 August 1951, renamed Presidente Juan Perón on 1950), Chubut (to 15 June 1955), Formosa (to 15 June 1955), Misiones (to 1953), Neuquén (to 15 June 1955), Río Negro (to 15 June 1955), Santa Cruz (to 1957), Tierra del Fuego.
  5. ^ 6 States: New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia. 3 Territories: Australian Capital Territory, Jervis Bay Territory, Northern Territory.
  6. ^ 9 States: Burgenland, Carinthia, Lower Austria, Salzburg, Styria, Tyrol, Upper Austria, Vorarlberg, Vienna.
  7. ^ 20 States: Alagoas, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceará, Espírito Santo, Goiás, Maranhão, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Pará, Paraíba, Paraná, Pernambuco, Piauí, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina, São Paulo, Sergipe. 5 Territories: Acre, Amapá, Fernando de Noronha, Guaporé (renamed Rondônia on 17 February 1956), Rio Branco. 1 Federal District: Brazilian Federal District.
  8. ^ Cambodia gained independence from France on 9 November 1953
  9. ^ 10 Provinces: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan. 2 Territories: Northwest Territories, Yukon.
  10. ^ a b The People's Republic of China and the Republic of China did not recognize each other, as both states claimed to be the sole legitimate government of China. The following states recognized the PRC instead of the ROC: Afghanistan (from 20 January 1955), Albania, Algeria (from 20 December 1958), Bulgaria, Burma (from 8 June 1950), Cambodia (from 19 July 1958), Ceylon (from 7 February 1957), Czechoslovakia, Denmark (from 11 May 1950), Egypt (from 30 May 1956), Finland (from 28 October 1950), East Germany, Guinea (from 4 October 1959), Hungary, India (from 1 April 1950), Indonesia (from 13 April 1930), Iraq (from 25 August 1958), North Korea, Liechtenstein (from 14 September 1950), Mongolia, Morocco (from 1 November 1958), Nepal (from 1 August 1955), Norway (from 5 October 1954), Pakistan (from 21 May 1951), Poland, Romania, the Soviet Union, Sudan ((from 4 February 1959), Sweden (from 9 May 1950), Switzerland (from 14 September 1950), Syria (from 1 August 1956), North Vietnam (from 18 January 1950), North Yemen (from 24 September 1956), Yugoslavia (from 2 January 1955). The United Kingdom recognized the PRC on 6 January 1950, but this recognition was not initially accepted.
  11. ^ a b Owing to a dispute over lands seized during World War II, Liechtenstein and Czechoslovakia did not recognize each other.
  12. ^ a b Dadra was liberated from Portuguese Rule on 22 July 1954. and Nagar Haveli was liberated 2 August 1954. On 15 August 1954 the territory was renamed "Free Dadra and Nagar Haveli", and became effectively independent under a local administration. It was entirely surrounded by and closely allied with India, which sent an official to help administer the state. [2]
  13. ^ Dadra and Nagar Haveli was recognized only by India
  14. ^ a b The Egyptian Republic was declared on 19 June 1953
  15. ^ a b c Egypt and Syria united to form the United Arab Republic on 1 February 1958. [3]
  16. ^ 13 States: Baden (to 25 April 1952), Baden-Württemberg (from 25 April 1952), Bavaria, Bremen, Hamburg, Hesse, Lower Saxony, North Rhine-Westphalia, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland (from 1 January 1957), Schleswig-Holstein, Württemberg-Baden (to 25 April 1952), Württemberg-Hohenzollern (to 25 April 1952).
  17. ^ Ghana gained independence from the United Kingdom on 6 March 1957
  18. ^ Guinea gained independence from France on 2 October 1958
  19. ^ a b India became a republic on 26 January 1950
  20. ^ 10 Part A States: Andhra State (from 1 November 1953), Assam, Bihar, Bombay, Madhya Pradesh, Madras, Orissa, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal. 8 Part B States: Hyderabad, Madhya Bharat, Mysore, Patiala and East Punjab States Union, Rajasthan, Saurashtra, Travancore-Cochin, Vindhya Pradesh. 9 Part C States: Ajmer-Merwara, Bhopal, Bilaspur (to 1954), Coorg, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Kutch, Manipur, and Tripura. 4 Part D Territories: Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chandernagore (from 2 May 1950 to 2 November 1954), Jammu and Kashmir, Pondicherry (from 28 May 1956).
  21. ^ 14 States: Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Bombay, Jammu and Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Madras), Mysore, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal. 7 Union Territories: Andaman and Nicobar Islands, National Capital Territory of Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Laccadive, Minicoy, and Amindivi Islands, Manipur, Puducherry, Tripura.
  22. ^ a b Indonesia adopted a unitary constitution on 17 August 1950
  23. ^ 14 States: Bangka, Belitung, and Riau (to 4 April 1950), Banjar (to 4 April 1950), Central Java (to 9 March 1950), Dayak Besar (to 4 April 1950), East Borneo (to 24 April 1950), East Indonesia, East Java (to 9 March 1950), East Sumatra, Madura (to 9 March 1950), Republic of Indonesia, South Sumatra (to 24 March 1950), Southeast Kalimantan (to 4 April 1950), West Java (to 11 March 1950), West Kalimantan.
  24. ^ Ireland also had the legal description of "Republic of Ireland", although this was not its constitutional name.
  25. ^ Israel was not recognized by Afghanistan, Egypt, Indonesia, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, North Korea, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, or Yemen.
  26. ^ Only the United Kingdom recognized the West Bank as being part of Jordan.
  27. ^ North Korea was not recognized by Estonia, France, Japan, or South Korea.
  28. ^ South Korea was not recognized by the Soviet Union, the People's Republic of China, or North Korea.
  29. ^ Laos gained full independence from France on 22 October 1953
  30. ^ Libya gained independence from a UN trusteship on 24 December 1951
  31. ^ 3 Provinces: Cyrenaica, Tripolitania, and Fezzan.
  32. ^ Malaya gained independence from the United Kingdom on 31 August 1957
  33. ^ 11 States: Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Malacca, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Perlis, Penang, Selangor, Terengganu.
  34. ^ 29 States: Aguascalientes, Baja California (from 16 January 1952), Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México, Michoacán, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatán, Zacatecas. 2 Territories: Baja California (to 16 January 1952), Baja California Sur, Quintana Roo. 1 Federal District: Federal District
  35. ^ French Morocco gained independence on 2 March 1956
  36. ^ a b Morocco became a kingdom on 14 August 1957
  37. ^ http://books.google.fr/books?id=jrTsNTzcY7EC&pg=PA51
  38. ^ http://books.google.fr/books?id=esfISSxc13cC&pg=PA453
  39. ^ 8 Provinces: Azad Kashmir (to 14 October 1955), Baluchistan (to 14 October 1955), East Bengal (renamed East Pakistan on 14 October 1955), Northern Areas (to 14 October 1955), North-West Frontier Province (to 14 October 1955), Sind (to 14 October 1955), West Pakistan (from 14 October 1955), West Punjab (to 14 October 1955). 13 Princely States: Amb (to 1950), Bahawalpur (to 14 October 1955), Baluchistan States Union (from 3 October 1952 to 14 October 1955), Chitral (to 14 October 1955), Dir (to 14 October 1955), Hunza (to 14 October 1955), Kalat (to 3 October 1952), Khayrpur (to 14 October 1955), Kharan (to 3 October 1952), Las Bela (to 3 October 1952), Makran (to 3 October 1952), Nagar (to 14 October 1955), Swat (to 14 October 1955). 1 Territory: Federal Capital Territory (to 14 October 1955).
  40. ^ a b Poland adopted a Communist constitution on 22 July 1952
  41. ^ English speakers often used the spellings "Rumania" and "Roumania" during this period.
  42. ^ Sikkim signed a protectorate treaty with India on 5 December 1950
  43. ^ The Republic of the South Moluccas declared independence from Indonesia on 25 April 1950. [4] It was annexed by Indonesia on 17 October 1952. [5]
  44. ^ 15 Republics: Armenian SSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Byelorussian SSR, Estonian SSR, Georgian SSR, Karelo-Finnish SSR (to 16 July 1956), Kazakh SSR, Kirghiz SSR, Latvian SSR, Lithuanian SSR, Moldavian SSR, Russian SFSR, Tajik SSR, Turkmen SSR, Ukrainian SSR, Uzbek SSR.
  45. ^ The Sudan gained independence from an Anglo-Egyptian condominium on 1 January 1956.
  46. ^ The United Suvadive Republic declared independence from the United Kingdom on 3 January 1959. [6]
  47. ^ 25 Cantons: Aargau, Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Appenzell Innerrhoden, Basel-Stadt, Basel-Landschaft, Bern, Fribourg, Geneva, Glarus, Graubünden, Lucerne, Neuchâtel, Nidwalden, Obwalden, Schaffhausen, Schwyz, Solothurn, St. Gallen, Thurgau, Ticino, Uri, Valais, Vaud, Zug, Zürich
  48. ^ s:Seventeen Point Agreement for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet
  49. ^ Tunisia gained independence from France on 20 March 1956
  50. ^ a b Tunisia became a republic on 25 July 1957.
  51. ^ Trieste was annexed by Yugoslavia and Italy on 26 October 1954
  52. ^ 50 States: Alabama, Alaska (from 3 January 1959), Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii (from 21 August 1959), Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming. 1 Federal District: District of Columbia. 3 Incorporated Territories: Alaska (to 3 January 1959), Hawaii (to 21 August 1959), Palmyra Atoll (from 21 August 1959).
  53. ^ These islands were sometimes designated for statistical purposes as the United States Miscellaneous Caribbean Islands and the United States Miscellaneous Pacific Islands.
  54. ^ a b Venezuela adopted a new constitution on 15 April 1953
  55. ^ 20 States: Anzoátegui, Apure, Aragua, Barinas, Bolívar, Carabobo, Cojedes, Falcón, Guárico, Lara, Mérida, Miranda, Monagas, Nueva Esparta, Portuguesa, Sucre, Táchira, Trujillo, Yaracuy, Zulia. 2 Territories: Amazonas, Delta Amacuro. 1 Federal District: Federal District. 1 Federal Dependency: Federal Dependencies.
  56. ^ a b The Geneva Accords formalized the division of Vietnam into two independent states. The State of Vietnam in the south became known as the Republic of Vietnam on 26 October 1955. [7]
  57. ^ 6 Republics: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia.
  58. ^ Bilateral relations with countries, Retrieved 2009-12-22
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