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RESULTS [26 .. 76]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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This is a list of sovereign states in the 1980s, giving an overview of states around the world during the period between 1 January 1980 and 31 December 1989. It contains 184 entries, arranged alphabetically, with information on the status and recognition of their sovereignty. It includes 171 widely recognized sovereign states and 6 entities which claim an effective sovereignty (and 1 self-governing entity) but are considered de facto dependencies of other powers by the general international community.

Sovereign states[edit]

Name and capital city Information on status and recognition of sovereignty

A[edit]


Afghanistan
Capital: Kabul
  • Democratic Republic of Afghanistan (to 30 November 1987)[1]
  • Republic of Afghanistan (from 30 November 1987)[1]
Widely recognized UN member state. Afghanistan was occupied by the Soviet Union until 15 February 1989.

Albania Albania – Socialist People's Republic of Albania
Capital: Tirana
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Algeria – People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
Capital: Algiers
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Andorra – Principality of Andorra
Capital: Andorra la Vella
Widely recognized independent state. The President of France and Bishop of Urgell were ex officio Co-Princes of Andorra. The defense of Andorra was the responsibility of France and Spain.

Angola Angola – People's Republic of Angola
Capital: Luanda
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Antigua and Barbuda
Capital: St. John's
  • Antigua (to 31 October 1981)
  • Antigua and Barbuda (from 1 November 1981)[2]
Associated state of the United Kingdom (to 31 October 1981).

Widely recognized independent state (from 1 November 1981). UN member state (from 11 November 1981). Commonwealth realm. Antigua and Barbuda had two dependencies, Barbuda and Redonda.


 Argentina – Argentine Republic[3]
Capital: Buenos Aires
Widely recognized UN member state. Argentina was a federation of 22 provinces and two federal territories.[4] It had a claim over Argentine Antarctica, which was suspended under the Antarctic Treaty. It also claimed the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, both of which were British overseas territories.

 Australia – Commonwealth of Australia
Capital: Canberra
Widely recognized UN member state. Commonwealth realm. Australia was a federation of six states and three territories.[5] It had sovereignty over the following external territories:

 Austria – Republic of Austria
Capital: Vienna
Widely recognized UN member state. Austria was a federation of nine states.[6]

B[edit]


 The Bahamas – Commonwealth of the Bahamas
Capital: Nassau
Widely recognized UN member state. Commonwealth realm.

 Bahrain – State of Bahrain
Capital: Manama
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Bangladesh – People's Republic of Bangladesh
Capital: Dhaka
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Barbados
Capital: Bridgetown
Widely recognized UN member state. Commonwealth realm.

 Belgium – Kingdom of Belgium
Capital: Brussels
Widely recognized UN member state. EEC member. After 8 August 1980, Belgium was a federation of three communities and three regions.[7]

 Belize (from 21 September 1981)[8]
Capital: Belmopan
Widely recognized independent state.[9] UN member state (from 25 September 1981). Commonwealth realm.

Benin Benin – People's Republic of Benin
Capital: Porto-Novo (official), Cotonou (seat of government)
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Bhutan – Kingdom of Bhutan
Capital: Thimphu
Widely recognized UN member state. Bhutan was officially guided by India in its foreign affairs, but effectively pursued an independent foreign policy.

 Bolivia – Republic of Bolivia
Capital: Sucre (official), La Paz (administrative)
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Bophuthatswana – Republic of Bophuthatswana
Capital: Mmabatho
Nominally independent South African bantustan.[10]

 Botswana – Republic of Botswana
Capital: Gaborone
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Brazil – Federative Republic of Brazil
Capital: Brasília
Widely recognized UN member state. Brazil was a federation of 26 states, four territories, and one federal district.[11]

 Brunei – State of Brunei, Abode of Peace (from 1 January 1984)[12]
Capital: Bandar Seri Begawan
Widely recognized independent state. UN member state (from 21 September 1984). Brunei claimed part of the Spratly Islands (disputed by the People's Republic of China, the Republic of China, Vietnam, the Philippines, and Malaysia).

Bulgaria Bulgaria – People's Republic of Bulgaria
Capital: Sofia
Widely recognized UN member state.

Burkina Faso → Upper Volta

 Burma / Myanmar
Capital: Rangoon (renamed Yangon in 1989)
  • Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma (to 18 September 1988)[13]
  • Union of Burma (from 18 September 1988 to 18 June 1989)[13][14]
  • Union of Myanmar (from 18 June 1989)[14]
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Burundi – Republic of Burundi
Capital: Bujumbura
Widely recognized UN member state.

C[edit]


Cambodia, State of → Kampuchea, People's Republic of

 Cameroon
Capital: Yaoundé
  • United Republic of Cameroon (to 4 February 1984)[15]
  • Republic of Cameroon (from 4 February 1984)[15]
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Canada
Capital: Ottawa
  • Dominion of Canada (to 17 April 1982)[16]
  • Canada (from 17 April 1982)[16]
Widely recognized UN member state. Commonwealth realm. Canada was a federation of ten provinces and two territories.[17]

 Cape Verde – Republic of Cape Verde
Capital: Praia
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Central African Republic
Capital: Bangui
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Chad – Republic of Chad
Capital: N'Djamena
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Chile – Republic of Chile
Capital: Santiago
Widely recognized UN member state. It had a claim over Chilean Antarctic Territory, which is suspended under the Antarctic Treaty.

 China, People's Republic of
Capital: Beijing
Widely recognized UN member state.[18] The People's Republic of China had five autonomous regions: Guangxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Xinjiang and Tibet. The People's Republic of China claimed Taiwan, Kinmen, the Matsu Islands, the Pratas Islands and Itu Aba, all of which were governed by the Republic of China. It also claimed the Paracel Islands (disputed by the Republic of China and Vietnam), the Spratly Islands (disputed by the Republic of China, Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia and Brunei), and South Tibet (controlled by India). The People's Republic of China administered Aksai Chin and the Trans-Karakoram Tract, which were within the disputed region of Kashmir.

 China, Republic of
Capital: Taipei (seat of government), Nanjing (claimed)
Partially recognized de facto independent state.[18] The Republic of China claimed to be the sole legitimate government of China, but only administered Taiwan, Kinmen, the Matsu Islands, the Pratas Islands and Itu Aba. The Republic of China had territorial claims over Mongolia; the Tuvan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic; the Sixty-Four Villages East of the River (administered by the Soviet Union); The majority of Gorno-Badakhshan (administered by the Soviet Union); The eastern tip of the Wakhan Corridor (administered by Afghanistan); a small portion of Gilgit-Baltistan (administered by Pakistan and part of the disputed Kashmir region); Aksai Chin (administered by the People's Republic of China and part of the disputed Kashmir region); eastern Bhutan; South Tibet (controlled by India); and Kachin State (administered by Myanmar).

 Ciskei – Republic of Ciskei (from 4 December 1981)[19]
Capital: Bisho
Nominally independent South African bantustan.[10]

 Colombia – Republic of Colombia
Capital: Bogotá
Widely recognized UN member state. Colombia administered Bajo Nuevo Bank and Serranilla Bank (disputed by Nicaragua and the United States)

 Comoros – Federal Islamic Republic of the Comoros
Capital: Moroni
Widely recognized UN member state. The Comoros was a federation of three islands.[20] Comoros claimed sovereignty over the French overseas territories of Mayotte and the Glorioso Islands. It also claimed Banc du Geyser (disputed by Madagascar and France).

Republic of the Congo Congo – People's Republic of Congo
Capital: Brazzaville
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Cook Islands
Capital: Avarua
A state in free association with New Zealand. It shares a head of state with New Zealand as well as having shared citizenship.

 Costa Rica – Republic of Costa Rica
Capital: San José
Widely recognized UN member state.

Côte d'Ivoire → Ivory Coast

 Cuba – Republic of Cuba
Capital: Havana
Widely recognized UN member state. The Cuban area of Guantánamo Bay was under the permanent control of the United States.

 Cyprus – Republic of Cyprus
Capital: Nicosia
Widely recognized UN member state.[21] Cyprus included one self-declared state which, although it did not claim independence, was de facto self-governing:

After 15 November 1983, The northeastern part of the island was the de facto independent state of Northern Cyprus, recognized only by Turkey.


Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia – Czechoslovak Socialist Republic
Capital: Prague
Widely recognized UN member state.[22] Czechoslovakia was a federation of two republics.[23]

D[edit]


 Denmark – Kingdom of Denmark
Capital: Copenhagen
Widely recognized UN member state. EEC member. The Danish Realm also included two constituent countries:

Derg → Ethiopia

 Djibouti – Republic of Djibouti
Capital: Djibouti
Widely recognized UN member state.

Dominica Dominica  Dominica – Commonwealth of Dominica
Capital: Roseau
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Dominican Republic
Capital: Santo Domingo
Widely recognized UN member state.

E[edit]


 Ecuador – Republic of Ecuador
Capital: Quito
Widely recognized UN member state.

Egypt  Egypt – Arab Republic of Egypt
Capital: Cairo
Widely recognized UN member state. Egypt included the Sinai Peninsula, which was occupied by Israel until 25 April 1982.

 El Salvador – Republic of El Salvador
Capital: San Salvador
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Equatorial Guinea – Republic of Equatorial Guinea
Capital: Malabo
Widely recognized UN member state.

Ethiopia Ethiopia Ethiopia
Capital: Addis Ababa
Widely recognized UN member state.

F[edit]


 Fiji
Capital: Suva
Widely recognized UN member state. Commonwealth realm (to 7 October 1987). Fiji had an autonomous dependency, Rotuma.

 Finland – Republic of Finland
Capital: Helsinki
Widely recognized UN member state. Finland had a neutral and demilitarised region:

 France – French Republic
Capital: Paris
Widely recognized UN member state. EEC member. France included five overseas departments: French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Réunion, and Saint Pierre and Miquelon (to 11 June 1985). It also had sovereignty over the following overseas territories:

France also claimed Banc du Geyser (disputed by Madagascar and the Comoros).


G[edit]


 Gabon – Gabonese Republic
Capital: Libreville
Widely recognized UN member state.

 The Gambia – Republic of the Gambia
Capital: Banjul
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Germany, East – German Democratic Republic
Capital: East Berlin (disputed)
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Germany, West – Federal Republic of Germany
Capital: Bonn
Widely recognized UN member state. EEC member. West Germany was a federation of ten states.[26]

 Ghana – Republic of Ghana
Capital: Accra
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Greece – Hellenic Republic
Capital: Athens
Widely recognized UN member state. EEC member (from 1 January 1981). Greece had sovereignty over Mount Athos, an autonomous monastic state that was jointly governed by the multi-national "Holy Community" on the mountain and the Civil Governor appointed by the Greek Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and spiritually came under the direct jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate.

 Grenada
Capital: St. George's
Widely recognized UN member state. Commonwealth realm. Grenada had one autonomous dependency, Carriacou and Petite Martinique.

 Guatemala – Republic of Guatemala
Capital: Guatemala City
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Guinea – Republic of Guinea
Capital: Conakry
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Guinea-Bissau – Republic of Guinea-Bissau
Capital: Bissau
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Guyana – Co-operative Republic of Guyana
Capital: Georgetown
Widely recognized UN member state.

H[edit]


Haiti  Haiti – Republic of Haiti
Capital: Port-au-Prince
Widely recognized UN member state. Haiti claimed the uninhabited United States possession of Navassa Island.

Holy See → Vaican City

 Honduras – Republic of Honduras
Capital: Tegucigalpa
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Hungary
Capital: Budapest
Widely recognized UN member state.

I[edit]


 Iceland – Republic of Iceland
Capital: Reykjavík
Widely recognized UN member state.

 India – Republic of India
Capital: New Delhi
Widely recognized UN member state. India was a federation of twenty-eight states and ten union territories.[28] Indian sovereignty over South Tibet was disputed by the People's Republic of China. India administered part of the disputed region of Kashmir as the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

 Indonesia – Republic of Indonesia
Capital: Jakarta
Widely recognized UN member state. Indonesia had three special provinces: Aceh, Jakarta, and Yogyakarta

 Iran – Islamic Republic of Iran
Capital: Tehran
Widely recognized UN member state.

Iraq Iraq – Republic of Iraq
Capital: Baghdad
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Ireland[29]
Capital: Dublin
Widely recognized UN member state. EEC member.

 Israel – State of Israel
Capital: Jerusalem
Widely recognized UN member state.[30] Israel occupied the Gaza Strip the Golan Heights, the Israeli Security Zone in Southern Lebanon (from 6 June 1982), the Sinai Peninsula (to 25 April 1982), and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem. These areas were not recognized as being part of Israel.

 Italy – Italian Republic
Capital: Rome
Widely recognized UN member state. EEC member. Italy had 5 autonomous regions: Aosta Valley, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Sardinia, Sicily, and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol.

 Ivory Coast
Capital: Yamoussoukro (official, from 21 March 1983), Abidjan (seat of government)
  • Republic of Ivory Coast (to 12 October 1985)[31]
Widely recognized UN member state.

J[edit]


 Jamaica - Commonwealth of Jamaica
Capital: Kingston
Widely recognized UN member state. Commonwealth realm.

 Japan
Capital: Tokyo
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Jordan – Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Capital: Amman
Widely recognized UN member state. Until 31 July 1988, Jordan claimed West Bank, including East Jerusalem, which were Israeli-occupied territories.

K[edit]


Cambodia Kampuchea, Democratic
Capital: Phnom Penh
  • Democratic Kampuchea (to 22 June 1982)[32]
  • Coalition Government of Democratic Kampuchea (from 22 June 1982)[32]
Widely recognized UN member state.[33] Claimed to be the sole legitimate government of Kampuchea, despite being in exile.

Cambodia Cambodia Kampuchea, People's Republic of / Cambodia, State of
Capital: Phnom Penh
  • People's Republic of Kampuchea (to 1 May 1989)[34]
  • State of Cambodia (from 1 May 1989)[34]
Partially recognized de facto independent state.[33] Claimed to be the sole legitimate government of Kampuchea. The People's Republic of Kampuchea was occupied by Vietnam until 25 September 1989.

 Kenya – Republic of Kenya
Capital: Nairobi
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Kiribati – Republic of Kiribati
Capital: South Tarawa
Widely recognized independent state.

 Korea, North – Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Capital: Pyongyang
Widely recognized independent state.[35] Permanent observer at the UN. Claimed to be the sole legitimate government of Korea.

 Korea, South – Republic of Korea
Capital: Seoul
Widely recognized independent state.[36] Permanent observer at the UN. Claimed to be the sole legitimate government of Korea.

 Kuwait – State of Kuwait
Capital: Kuwait City
Widely recognized UN member state.

L[edit]


 Laos – Lao People's Democratic Republic
Capital: Vientiane
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Lebanon – Lebanese Republic
Capital: Beirut
Widely recognized UN member state. Lebanon was occupied by Syria. Some of Southern Lebanon was occupied by Israel (from 6 June 1982).

Lesotho  Lesotho – Kingdom of Lesotho
Capital: Maseru
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Liberia – Republic of Liberia
Capital: Monrovia
Widely recognized UN member state.

Libya Libya
Capital: Tripoli
  • Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (to 15 April 1986)[37]
  • Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (from 15 April 1986)[37]
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Liechtenstein – Principality of Liechtenstein
Capital: Vaduz
Widely recognized independent state.[22] The defense of Liechtenstein was the responsibility of Switzerland.

 Luxembourg – Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Capital: Luxembourg
Widely recognized UN member state. EEC member.

M[edit]


 Madagascar – Democratic Republic of Madagascar
Capital: Antananarivo
Widely recognized UN member state. Madagascar claimed the French possessions of Bassas da India, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands and Juan de Nova Island. It also claimed Banc du Geyser (disputed by Comoros and France)

 Malawi – Republic of Malawi
Capital: Lilongwe
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Malaysia
Capital: Kuala Lumpur
Widely recognized UN member state. Malaysia was a federation of thirteen states and two federal territories.[38] Malaysia claimed part of the Spratly Islands (disputed by the People's Republic of China, the Republic of China, Vietnam, the Philippines, and Brunei).

 Maldives – Republic of Maldives
Capital: Malé
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Mali – Republic of Mali
Capital: Bamako
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Malta – Republic of Malta
Capital: Valletta
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Marshall Islands – Republic of the Marshall Islands (from 21 October 1986)[39]
Capital: Majuro
Widely recognized state under Compact of Free Association with the United States. The Marshall Islands claimed the United States territory of Wake Island.

 Mauritania – Islamic Republic of Mauritania
Capital: Nouakchott
Widely recognized UN member state.

Mauritius Mauritius
Capital: Port Louis
Widely recognized UN member state. Commonwealth realm. Mauritius had three dependencies: Agalega Islands, Cargados Carajos and Rodrigues. It claimed the British Indian Ocean Territory and the French territory of Tromelin Island.

 Mexico – United Mexican States
Capital: Mexico City
Widely recognized UN member state. Mexico was a federation of 31 states and one federal district.[40]

 Federated States of Micronesia – Federated States of Micronesia (from 3 November 1986)[41]
Capital: Kolonia (to 1989) Palikir (from 1989)
Widely recognized state under Compact of Free Association with the United States. The FSM was a federation of four states.[42]

 Monaco – Principality of Monaco
Capital: Monaco
Widely recognized independent state. Permanent observer at the UN.The defense of Monaco was the responsibility of France.

Mongolia Mongolia – Mongolian People's Republic
Capital: Ulaanbaatar
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Morocco – Kingdom of Morocco
Capital: Rabat
Widely recognized UN member state. Morocco claimed sovereignty over and controlled most of the disputed Western Sahara, which was home to the de facto independent Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. Morocco disputed the Spanish sovereignty over Ceuta, Isla de Alborán, Isla Perejil, Islas Chafarinas, Melilla, and Peñón de Alhucemas.

Mozambique Mozambique – People's Republic of Mozambique
Capital: Maputo
Widely recognized UN member state.

Myanmar → Burma

N[edit]


 Nauru – Republic of Nauru
Capital: Yaren (unofficial)
Widely recognized independent state. The defense of Nauru was the responsibility of Australia.

Nepal Nepal – Kingdom of Nepal
Capital: Kathmandu
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Netherlands – Kingdom of the Netherlands
Capital: Amsterdam (official), The Hague (seat of government)
Widely recognized UN member state. The Kingdom of the Netherlands consisted of three autonomous countries:

The Kingdom of the Netherlands as a whole was a member of the EEC, but Aruba and the Netherlands Antilles were not.


 New Zealand
Capital: Wellington
  • Dominion of New Zealand (to 1 January 1987)[43]
  • New Zealand (from 1 January 1987)[43]
Widely recognized UN member state. Commonwealth realm. New Zealand had responsibilities for the two free associated states of:

It also had sovereignty over two dependent territories:

The government of Tokelau claimed Swains Island, part of American Samoa (a U.S. dependence). New Zealand did not recognize this claim since 25 March 1981.


 Nicaragua – Republic of Nicaragua
Capital: Managua
Widely recognized UN member state. Nicaragua had two autonomous regions: Región Autónoma del Atlántico Norte (From 1986) and Región Autónoma del Atlántico Sur (From 1986)

 Niger – Republic of Niger
Capital: Niamey
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Nigeria – Federal Republic of Nigeria
Capital: Lagos
Widely recognized UN member state. Nigeria was a federation of 21 states and one federal territory.[44]

 Niue
Capital: Alofi
A state in free association with New Zealand. Niue is a member of multiple UN agencies with full treaty making capacity. It had shared citizenship with New Zealand.

 Northern Cyprus – Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (from 15 November 1983)[45]
Capital: Lefkoşa
Partially recognized de facto independent state.[46] Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus.

 Norway – Kingdom of Norway
Capital: Oslo
Widely recognized UN member state. Norway had two integral overseas areas: Jan Mayen and Svalbard. The latter of area had a special status due to the Spitsbergen Treaty. Norway had sovereignty over the following dependencies:

O[edit]


 Oman – Sultanate of Oman
Capital: Muscat
Widely recognized UN member state.

P[edit]


 Pakistan – Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Capital: Islamabad
Widely recognized UN member state. Pakistan was a federation of four provinces and four territories. It administered part of the disputed region of Kashmir as the territories of Azad Kashmir and the Northern Areas.[47]

 Palestine[dubious ][citation needed] – State of Palestine(from 15 November 1988)[48][49][50]
(non-sovereign, non-UN member nation)
Capital: Ramallah (administrative), Gaza City (administrative), Jerusalem (claimed)
Disputed region consisting of two occupied territories: the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem. The declared State of Palestine, which claimed independence for all the Palestinian territories from 15 November 1988, was recognized by a large number of countries. In foreign relations, Palestine was represented by the Palestine Liberation Organization, which was a permanent observer at the United Nations.

 Panama – Republic of Panama
Capital: Panama City
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Papua New Guinea – Independent State of Papua New Guinea
Capital: Port Moresby
Widely recognized UN member state. Commonwealth realm.

Paraguay – Republic of Paraguay
Capital: Asunción
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Peru
Capital: Lima
  • Peruvian Republic (to 28 July 1980)[51]
  • Republic of Peru (from 28 July 1980)[51]
Widely recognized UN member state.

Philippines Philippines  Philippines – Republic of the Philippines
Capital: Manila
Widely recognized UN member state. The Philippines had one autonomous region: Muslim Mindanao (from 1 August 1989). The Philippines administered Scarborough Shoal, which was disputed by the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China. It also claimed sovereignty over the Spratly Islands (disputed by the People's Republic of China, the Republic of China, Vietnam, Brunei, and Malaysia) and the Malaysian territory of Sabah.

 Poland
Capital: Warsaw
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Portugal – Portuguese Republic
Capital: Lisbon
Widely recognized UN member state. EEC member (from 1 January 1986). Portugal had two autonomous regions: the Azores and Madeira. Portugal had one Chinese territory which it administered as a dependency:

Portugal claimed sovereignty over the former colony of Portuguese Timor, which had been annexed by Indonesia. It also claimed the Spanish municipalities of Olivenza and Táliga.


Q[edit]


 Qatar – State of Qatar
Capital: Doha
Widely recognized UN member state.

R[edit]


Romania  Romania
Capital: Bucharest
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Rwanda – Rwandese Republic[54]
Capital: Kigali
Widely recognized UN member state.

Rwenzururu – Kingdom of Rwenzururu (to 15 August 1982)[55]
Capital: Kasese
De facto independent state. Not recognized by any other state. Claimed by Uganda.

S[edit]


 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
Capital: Bir Lehlou (official), Rabouni (seat of government-in-exile), El Aaiún (claimed)
Partially recognized de facto independent state. The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic claimed the disputed territory of Western Sahara, most of which was under control of Morocco. The territories under its control, the so-called Free Zone, were claimed by Morocco. Its government resided in exile in Tindouf, Algeria.

Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla  Saint Kitts and Nevis
Capital: Basseterre
  • Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla (to 19 December 1980)
  • Saint Christopher and Nevis (from 19 December 1980 to 18 September 1983)
  • Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis (from 19 September 1983)[56]
Associated state of the United Kingdom (to 18 September 1983).

Widely recognized independent state (from 19 September 1983). UN member state (from 23 September 1983). Commonwealth realm. Saint Kitts and Nevis was a federation of fourteen parishes within two islands.[57] Nevis (which was one of the islands) had autonomy.


Saint Lucia
Capital: Castries
Widely recognized UN member state. Commonwealth realm.

 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Capital: Kingstown
Widely recognized independent state. UN member state (from 16 September 1980). Commonwealth realm.

 San Marino – Republic of San Marino
Capital: San Marino
Widely recognized independent state.

 São Tomé and Príncipe – Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe
Capital: São Tomé
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Saudi Arabia – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Capital: Riyadh
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Senegal – Republic of Senegal
Capital: Dakar
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Seychelles – Republic of Seychelles
Capital: Victoria
Widely recognized UN member state. The Seychelles claimed the British Indian Ocean Territory and the French territories of Tromelin Island and the Glorioso Islands.

 Sierra Leone – Republic of Sierra Leone
Capital: Freetown
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Singapore – Republic of Singapore
Capital: Singapore
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Solomon Islands
Capital: Honiara
Widely recognized UN member state. Commonwealth realm.

Somalia Somalia – Somali Democratic Republic
Capital: Mogadishu
Widely recognized UN member state.

 South Africa – Republic of South Africa
Capital: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), Bloemfontein (judicial)
Widely recognized UN member state. South Africa had seven autonomous bantustans: Ciskei (to 4 December 1981), Gazankulu, KaNgwane (from 31 August 1984), KwaNdebele (from 1 April 1981), KwaZulu, Lebowa, and QwaQwa. There were also four bantustans which were nominally independent: Bophuthatswana, Ciskei (from 4 December 1981), Transkei, and Venda. South Africa administered one League of Nations mandate:

Soviet Union  Soviet Union – Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Capital: Moscow
Widely recognized UN member state. The Soviet Union was a federation of 15 republics, two of which (Byelorussia and Ukraine) were UN members in their own right.[58]

Spain  Spain – Kingdom of Spain
Capital: Madrid
Widely recognized UN member state. EEC member (from 1 January 1986). Spain consisted of seventeen autonomous communities.[59] Its sovereignty over Ceuta, Isla de Alborán, Isla Perejil, Islas Chafarinas, Melilla and Peñón de Alhucemas was disputed by Morocco. Its sovereignty over Olivenza and Táliga was disputed by Portugal. It claimed the British overseas territory of Gibraltar.

 Sri Lanka – Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Capital: Sri Jayawardenapura-Kotte
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Sudan
Capital: Khartoum
  • Democratic Republic of the Sudan (to 10 October 1985)[60]
  • Republic of the Sudan (from 10 October 1985)[60]
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Suriname – Republic of Suriname
Capital: Paramaribo
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Swaziland – Kingdom of Swaziland
Capital: Mbabane (administrative), Lobamba (royal and legislative)
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Sweden – Kingdom of Sweden
Capital: Stockholm
Widely recognized UN member state.

  Switzerland – Swiss Confederation
Capital: Bern
Widely recognized independent state. Permanent observer at the UN. Switzerland was a federation of 26 cantons.[61]

 Syria – Syrian Arab Republic
Capital: Damascus
Widely recognized UN member state. Syria included the Golan Heights, which were occupied by Israel. It disputed the Turkish sovereignty over Hatay Province.

T[edit]


Tafea – Nation of Tafea (15 February 1980 to 26 May 1980)[62]
Capital: Isangel
De facto independent state. Claimed by the Anglo-French New Hebrides Condominium.

Taiwan → China, Republic of

 Tamil Eelam (from 23 July 1983)
Capital: Trincomalee
Unrecognized de facto self-governing entity. Claimed by Sri Lanka.

 Tanzania – United Republic of Tanzania
Capital: Dar es Salaam
Widely recognized UN member state. Tanzania had one autonomous region: Zanzibar.

 Thailand – Kingdom of Thailand
Capital: Bangkok
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Togo – Togolese Republic
Capital: Lomé
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Tonga – Kingdom of Tonga
Capital: Nukuʻalofa
Widely recognized independent state.

 Transkei – Republic of Transkei
Capital: Umtata
Nominally independent South African bantustan.[10]

 Trinidad and Tobago – Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Capital: Port of Spain
Widely recognized UN member state. Trinidad and Tobago had one autonomous island: Tobago (from 23 September 1980).

 Tunisia – Tunisian Republic
Capital: Tunis
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Turkey – Republic of Turkey
Capital: Ankara
Widely recognized UN member state.

Tuvalu
Capital: Funafuti
Widely recognized independent state. Commonwealth realm.

U[edit]


 Uganda – Republic of Uganda
Capital: Kampala
Widely recognized UN member state.

 United Arab Emirates
Capital: Abu Dhabi
Widely recognized UN member state. The United Arab Emirates was a federation of seven emirates.[63]

 United Kingdom – United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Capital: London
Widely recognized UN member state. EEC member. The United Kingdom was composed of four countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. The United Kingdom had responsibilities for the following self-governing free associated states:

The United Kingdom administered the foreign affairs of the following protected states:

It also had sovereignty over the following crown colonies (dependent territories after 1 January 1983):

In addition, the British Monarch had direct sovereignty over three self-governing Crown dependencies:


 United States – United States of America
Capital: Washington, D.C.
Widely recognized UN member state. The United States was a federation of 50 states, one federal district, and one incorporated territory.[64] It asserted sovereignty over the following inhabited insular areas:

It also asserted sovereignty over thirteen uninhabited unincorporated territories:[65]

In addition, the United States administered one United Nations Trust Territory:

The United States ceded Roncador Bank and Serrana Bank to Colombia and abandoned its claim to Quita Sueño Bank on 17 September 1981, but it did not explicitly renounce its claims to Serranilla Bank or Bajo Nuevo Bank. According to some government sources, these islands are still considered to be unincorporated territories of the United States.


Republic of Upper Volta Burkina Faso Upper Volta / Burkina Faso
Capital: Ouagadougou
  • Republic of Upper Volta (to 4 August 1984)[66]
  • Burkina Faso (from 4 August 1984)[66]
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Uruguay – Eastern Republic of Uruguay
Capital: Montevideo
Widely recognized UN member state.

V[edit]


 Vanuatu – Republic of Vanuatu (from 30 July 1980)[67]
Capital: Port Vila
Widely recognized independent state. UN member state (from 15 September 1981).

  Vatican City – Vatican City State
Capital: Vatican City
Widely recognized independent state. Vatican City was administered by the Holy See, a sovereign entity recognized by a large number of countries and a Permanent observer at the United Nations. The Holy See also administered a number of extraterritorial properties in Italy. The Pope was the ex officio head of state of Vatican City.

Vemerana – Republic of Vemerana (from 27 May 1980 to 24 July 1980)[68]
Capital: Luganville
De facto independent state. Not recognized by any other state.[69] Claimed by the Anglo-French New Hebrides Condominium.

 Venda – Republic of Venda
Capital: Thohoyandou
Nominally independent South African bantustan.[10]

 Venezuela – Republic of Venezuela
Capital: Caracas
Widely recognized UN member state. Venezuela was a federation of 20 states, two territories, one federal dependency, and one federal district.[70]

 Vietnam – Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Capital: Hanoi
Widely recognized UN member state. Vietnam claimed sovereignty over the Paracel Islands (disputed by the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China) and Spratly Islands (disputed by the People's Republic of China, the Republic of China, Brunei, the Philippines, and Malaysia).

W[edit]


 Western Samoa – Independent State of Western Samoa
Capital: Apia
Widely recognized UN member state.

Y[edit]


 Yemen, North – Yemen Arab Republic
Capital: Sana'a
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Yemen, South – People's Democratic Republic of Yemen
Capital: Aden
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Yugoslavia – Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Capital: Belgrade
Widely recognized UN member state. Yugoslavia was a federation of six republics.[71]

Z[edit]


 Zaire – Republic of Zaire
Capital: Kinshasa
Widely recognized UN member state.

Zambia – Republic of Zambia
Capital: Lusaka
Widely recognized UN member state.

 Zimbabwe – Republic of Zimbabwe (from 18 April 1980)[72]
Capital: Salisbury (renamed Harare in 1982)
Widely recognized independent state. UN member state (from 25 August 1980).

Other entities[edit]

Excluded from the list above are the following noteworthy entities which either were not fully sovereign or did not claim to be independent:

  • Antarctica as a whole had no government and no permanent population. Seven states claimed portions of Antarctica and five of these had reciprocally recognised one another's claims.[73] These claims, which were regulated by the Antarctic Treaty System, were neither recognised nor disputed by any other signatory state.[74]
  •  Estonia was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1940, but the legality of the annexation was not widely recognized. The Baltic diplomatic services in the West continued to be recognised as representing the de jure state.
  •  Latvia was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1940, but the legality of the annexation was not widely recognized. The Baltic diplomatic services in the West continued to be recognised as representing the de jure state.
  •  Lithuania was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1940, but the legality of the annexation was not widely recognized. The Baltic diplomatic services in the West continued to be recognised as representing the de jure state.
  • The Saudi–Iraqi neutral zone was a strip of neutral territory between Iraq and Saudi Arabia (to 26 December 1981).
  • Sovereign Military Order of Malta The Sovereign Military Order of Malta was an entity claiming sovereignty. The order had bi-lateral diplomatic relations with a large number of states, but had no territory other than extraterritorial areas within Rome.[75] The order's Constitution stated: "The Order is a subject of international law and exercises sovereign functions." [76] Although the order frequently asserted its sovereignty, it did not claim to be a sovereign state. It lacked a defined territory. Since all its members were citizens of other states, almost all of them lived in their native countries, and those who resided in the order's extraterritorial properties in Rome did so only in connection with their official duties, the order lacked the characteristic of having a permanent population.
  • Berlin West Berlin was a political enclave that was closely aligned with – but not actually a part of – West Germany. It consisted of three occupied sectors administered by the United States, the United Kingdom, and France.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b A new constitution of Afghanistan was enacted by loya jirga on 30 November 1987. [1]
  2. ^ Antigua and Barbuda gained independence from the United Kingdom on 1 November 1981
  3. ^ The name "Argentine Nation" was also used for the purposes of legislation.
  4. ^ 23 Provinces: Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Chubut, Córdoba, Corrientes, Entre Ríos, Formosa, Jujuy, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones, Neuquén, Río Negro, Salta, San Juan, San Luis, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, Santiago del Estero, Tucumán. 2 Territories: Buenos Aires, Tierra del Fuego.
  5. ^ 6 States: New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia. 3 Territories: Australian Capital Territory, Jervis Bay Territory, Northern Territory.
  6. ^ 9 States: Burgenland, Carinthia, Lower Austria, Salzburg, Styria, Tyrol, Upper Austria, Vorarlberg, Vienna.
  7. ^ 3 Communities: Flemish Community, French Community, German-speaking Community (from 31 December 1983). 3 Regions: Brussels-Capital Region (from 12 January 1989), Flemish Region, Walloon Region.
  8. ^ Belize gained independence from the United Kingdom in 21 Sep 1981
  9. ^ Belize was not recognized by Guatemala
  10. ^ a b c d The nominally independent bantustans of Bophuthatswana, Ciskei, Transkei, and Venda were only recognized by South Africa and by each other. The rest of the world regarded them as part of South Africa.
  11. ^ 26 States: Acre, Alagoas, Amapá (from 1 January 1989), Amazonas, Bahia, Ceará, Espírito Santo, Goiás, Maranhão, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Pará, Paraíba, Paraná, Pernambuco, Piauí, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Rio de Janeiro, Rondônia (from 22 December 1981), Roraima (from 1 January 1989), Santa Catarina, São Paulo, Sergipe, Tocantins (from 1 January 1989). 4 Territories: Amapá (to 1 January 1989), Fernando de Noronha (to 1 January 1989), Rondônia (to 22 December 1981), Roraima (to 1 January 1989). 1 Federal District: Brazilian Federal District.
  12. ^ The British Protectorate over Brunei came to an end on 1 Jan 1984
  13. ^ a b The State Law and Order Restoration Council suspended the constitution of the Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma on 18 September 1988. [2]
  14. ^ a b The State Law and Order Restoration Council renamed Burma to Myanmar on 18 June 1989. [3] This change was not internationally recognized, and the country's common name in English remained "Burma".
  15. ^ a b Cameroon was renamed when its new constitution came into effect on 4 February 1984. [4]
  16. ^ a b The Canadian Constitution Act, 1982 came into effect on 17 April 1982, officially removing the phrase "Dominion of Canada" from use. [5]
  17. ^ 10 Provinces: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan. 2 Territories: Northwest Territories, Yukon.
  18. ^ a b The People's Republic of China and the Republic of China did not recognize each other, as both states claimed to be the sole legitimate government of China. The following states recognized the ROC instead of the PRC: Bahamas (from 1989), Belize (from 11 October 1989), Bolivia (to 9 July 1985), Colombia (to 7 February 1980), Costa Rica, Dominica (from 1983), Dominican Republic, Ecuador (to 2 January 1980), El Salvador, Guatemala, Grenada (from 19 July 1989), Haiti, Honduras, South Korea, Lesotho (30 April 1983), Liberia (from 9 October 1989), Malawi, Monaco, Nauru (from 1980), Panama, Paraguay, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (from 1981), Saudi Arabia, Solomon Islands (from 1983), South Africa, Swaziland, Tonga, Tuvalu, the United Arab Emirates (from 1 November 1984), Uruguay (to 3 February 1988), and Vatican City.
  19. ^ Ciskei was proclaimed independent on 4 Dec 1981
  20. ^ 3 Islands: Anjouan, Grande Comore, Mohéli.
  21. ^ Cyprus was not recognized by Turkey or Northern Cyprus
  22. ^ a b Owing to a dispute over lands seized during World War II, Liechtenstein and Czechoslovakia did not recognize each other.
  23. ^ 2 Republics: Czech Socialist Republic, Slovak Socialist Republic.
  24. ^ a b Ethiopia enacted a new constitution on 22 Feb 1987
  25. ^ a b Following a military coup, Fiji was declared a republic on 7 October 1987. [6]
  26. ^ 10 States: Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Bremen, Hamburg, Hesse, Lower Saxony, North Rhine-Westphalia, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Schleswig-Holstein.
  27. ^ a b The name "People's Republic of Hungary" was abandoned on 23 Oct 1989
  28. ^ 25 States: Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh (from 20 February 1987), Assam, Bihar, Goa (from 30 May 1987), Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram (from 1986), Nagaland, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal. 10 Union Territories: Arunachal Pradesh (to 20 February 1987), Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu (from 30 May 1987), Goa, Daman and Diu (to 30 May 1987), Lakshadweep, Mizoram (to 1986), National Capital Territory of Delhi, Pondicherry.
  29. ^ Ireland also had the legal description of "Republic of Ireland", although this was not its constitutional name.
  30. ^ Israel was not recognized by Afghanistan, Algeria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Chad, Cuba, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Malaysia, North Korea, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, the United Arab Emirates, or Yemen.
  31. ^ The official French name of Ivory Coast had been "République de Côte d'Ivoire" since its independence in 1960, but English sources typically translated the name as "Republic of Ivory Coast". On 12 October 1985, the Ivorian government officially requested that the name be translated as "Republic of Côte d'Ivoire". [7]
  32. ^ a b The Coalition Government of Democratic Kampuchea was established on 22 June 1982. (Source: Carney, Timothy. Kampuchea in 1982: Political and Military Escalation. p. 76)
  33. ^ a b Although the People's Republic of Kampuchea had near total control over the territory of Cambodia, the majority of the states in the world recognized the former government of Democratic Kampuchea, which retained Cambodia's UN membership. The People's Republic of Kampuchea was mainly recognized by Vietnam and states within the Soviet sphere of influence.
  34. ^ a b The People's Republic of Kampuchea renamed itself to State of Cambodia on 1 May 1989. [8]
  35. ^ North Korea was not recognized by Estonia, France, Japan, or South Korea.
  36. ^ South Korea was not recognized by the Soviet Union, the People's Republic of China, or North Korea.
  37. ^ a b Following an American air strike against Libya, the word "Great" was added to Libya's official name. [9]
  38. ^ 13 States: Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Malacca, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Perlis, Penang, Sabah, Sarawak, Selangor, Terengganu. 2 Federal Territories: Kuala Lumpur, Labuan (from 16 April 1984).
  39. ^ The UN Trusteeship over the Marshall Islands came to an end on 21 October 1986. [10]
  40. ^ 31 States: Aguascalientes, Baja California, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México, Michoacán, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatán, Zacatecas. 1 Federal District: Federal District
  41. ^ The UN Trusteeship over Micronesia came to an end on
  42. ^ 4 States: Chuuk, Kosrae, Pohnpei, Yap.
  43. ^ a b The Constitution Act 1986 came into force on 1 January 1987, officially removing the phrase "Dominion of New Zealand" from use. [11]
  44. ^ 21 States: Akwa Ibom (from 23 September 1987), Anambra, Bauchi, Bendel, Benue, Borno, Cross River, Gongola, Imo, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina (from 23 September 1987), Kwara, Lagos, Niger, Ogun, Ondo, Oyo, Plateau, Rivers, Sokoto. 1 Federal Territory: Federal Capital Territory
  45. ^ The Turkish Federated State of Cyprus declared independence from Cyprus as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus on 15 November 1983. [12]
  46. ^ Northern Cyprus was recognized only by Turkey.
  47. ^ 4 Provinces: Balochistan, North-West Frontier Province, Punjab, Sindh. 4 Territories: Azad Kashmir, Federally Administered Tribal Areas, Islamabad Capital Territory, Northern Areas.
  48. ^ The State of Palestine was declared on 15 November 1988.
  49. ^ State was recognised by over 90 states by the end of 1989. See: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Executive Board (12 May 1989). "Hundred and thirty-first Session: Item 9.4 of the provisional agenda, Request for the Admission of the State of Palestine to UNESCO as a Member State". United Nations. pp. 18, Annex II. Retrieved 2010-11-15.  The list contains 92 entries, including a number of states which no longer exist.
  50. ^ See the following on statehood criteria:
  51. ^ a b Peru enacted a new constitution on 28 Jul 1980
  52. ^ a b Poland's constitution was amended on 29 December 1989, changing the official name of the state from "People's Republic of Poland" to "Republic of Poland". [13]
  53. ^ a b Nicolae Ceauşescu was forced out of power on 22 December 1989. [14]
  54. ^ Rwanda's official French name was "République rwandaise". [15] [16]. It could be translated into English as "Rwandese Republic" s:CIA World Fact Book, 2004/Rwanda, "Rwandan Republic" [17], or "Republic of Rwanda" [18].
  55. ^ Rwenzururu willingly renounced its independence on 15 Aug 1982
  56. ^ Saint Kitts and Nevis gained independence from the United Kingdom on 19 September 1983
  57. ^ 2 Islands: Saint Kitts, Nevis.14 parishes: Christ Church Nichola Town (Saint Kitts), Saint Anne Sandy Point (Saint Kitts), Saint George Basseterre (Saint Kitts), Saint George Gingerland (Nevis), Saint James Windward (Nevis), Saint John Capesterre (Saint Kitts), Saint John Figtree (Nevis), Saint Mary Cayon (Saint Kitts), Saint Paul Capisterre (Saint Kitts), Saint Paul Charlestown (Nevis), Saint Peter Basseterre (Saint Kitts), Saint Thomas Lowland (Nevis), Saint Thomas Middle Island (Saint Kitts), Trinity Palmetto Point (Saint Kitts)
  58. ^ 15 Republics: Armenian SSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Byelorussian SSR, Estonian SSR, Georgian SSR, Kazakh SSR, Kirghiz SSR, Latvian SSR, Lithuanian SSR, Moldavian SSR, Russian SFSR, Tajik SSR, Turkmen SSR, Ukrainian SSR, Uzbek SSR.
  59. ^ 17 Autonomous Communities: Andalusia (from 11 January 1982), Aragon (from 16 August 1982), Asturias (from 11 January 1982), Balearic Islands (from 1 March 1983), Basque Country, Canary Islands (from 16 August 1982), Cantabria (from 11 January 1982), Castile-La Mancha (from 16 August 1982), Castile and León (from 2 March 1983), Catalonia, Extremadura (from 26 February 1983), Galicia (from 28 April 1981), Madrid (from 1 March 1983), Murcia (from 19 June 1982), Navarre (from 16 August 1982), La Rioja (from 19 June 1982), Valencian Community (from 10 July 1982).
  60. ^ a b The constitution of the Democratic Republic of Sudan was suspended on 6 April 1985. An interim constitution was adopted on 10 October 1985, renaming the country to "Republic of the Sudan" [19]
  61. ^ 26 Cantons: Aargau, Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Appenzell Innerrhoden, Basel-Stadt, Basel-Landschaft, Bern, Fribourg, Geneva, Glarus, Graubünden, Jura, Lucerne, Neuchâtel, Nidwalden, Obwalden, Schaffhausen, Schwyz, Solothurn, St. Gallen, Thurgau, Ticino, Uri, Valais, Vaud, Zug, Zürich
  62. ^ The Tafea Nation declared independence from Vanuatu on 15 February 1980. On 26 May 1980, the movement was put down by the colonial authorities. [20]
  63. ^ 7 Emirates: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah, and Umm al-Qaiwain.
  64. ^ 50 States: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming. 1 Federal District: District of Columbia. 1 Incorporated Territory: Palmyra Atoll.
  65. ^ Before 1981, these islands were sometimes designated for statistical purposes as the United States Miscellaneous Caribbean Islands and the United States Miscellaneous Pacific Islands. After 1981, they were designated as the United States Minor Outlying Islands.
  66. ^ a b President Thomas Sankara of Upper Volta renamed his country Burkina Faso on 4 August 1984. [21]
  67. ^ Vanuatu became independent from an Anglo-French condominium on 30 July 1980. [22]
  68. ^ The Republic of Vemerana declared independence on 27 May 1980. (Source: MacQueen, Norman (1988). "Beyond Tok Win: The Papua New Guinea Intervention in Vanuatu, 1980". Pacific Affairs (University of British Columbia) 61 (2): 235–252. doi:10.2307/2759303. ) Condominium, with the aid of troops from Papua New Guinea authorities seized Luganville on 24 July 1980. [23]
  69. ^ President Jimmy Stevens of Vemerana was backed by the American-based Phoenix Foundation.
  70. ^ 20 States: Anzoátegui, Apure, Aragua, Barinas, Bolívar, Carabobo, Cojedes, Falcón, Guárico, Lara, Mérida, Miranda, Monagas, Nueva Esparta, Portuguesa, Sucre, Táchira, Trujillo, Yaracuy, Zulia. 2 Territories: Amazonas, Delta Amacuro. 1 Federal District: Federal District. 1 Federal Dependency: Federal Dependencies.
  71. ^ 6 Republics: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia.
  72. ^ Zimbabwe attained independence from the United Kingdom on 18 Apr 1980
  73. ^ Rogan-Finnemore, Michelle (2005), "What Bioprospecting Means for Antarctica and the Southern Ocean", in Von Tigerstrom, Barbara, International Law Issues in the South Pacific, Ashgate Publishing, p. 204, ISBN 0-7546-4419-7  "Australia, New Zealand, France, Norway and the United Kingdom reciprocally recognize the validity of each other's claims."
  74. ^ CIA – the World Factbook – Antarctica – accessed 19 January 2008
  75. ^ Bilateral relations with countries, Retrieved 22 December 2009
  76. ^ Chapter General of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta (12 January 1998). Constitutional Charter and Code of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes, and of Malta, promulgated 27 June 1961, revised by the Extraordinary Chapter General 28–30 April 1997, Article 3 "Sovereignty," Paragraph 1.. Rome: Tipografia Arte della Stampa. p. 11. 
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