Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
10 Unsolved Codes That No One Can Crack
10 Unsolved Codes That No One Can Crack
Published: 2016/05/25
Channel: Top Lists
25 Most Hilarious Ig Nobel Prizes Ever Awarded
25 Most Hilarious Ig Nobel Prizes Ever Awarded
Published: 2013/12/30
Channel: list25
Thoth
Thoth's Pill - fibs, fables, fans and extras
Published: 2016/01/15
Channel: NativLang
Secret Societies Documentary
Secret Societies Documentary
Published: 2017/07/22
Channel: Education Channel
10 Signs You
10 Signs You're A Psychopath
Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: Alltime10s
Behind the Mic: The Science of Talking with Computers
Behind the Mic: The Science of Talking with Computers
Published: 2014/10/17
Channel: Google
5 BIGGEST Mysteries of our Brain
5 BIGGEST Mysteries of our Brain
Published: 2015/12/07
Channel: Top5Quantum
Prof. John Burgess | The Necessity of Origin and The Origin of Necessity
Prof. John Burgess | The Necessity of Origin and The Origin of Necessity
Published: 2013/04/04
Channel: The Graduate Center, CUNY
Mini-conference on Horace Walpole’s “The Castle of Otranto” - Afternoon Session
Mini-conference on Horace Walpole’s “The Castle of Otranto” - Afternoon Session
Published: 2017/12/07
Channel: YaleUniversity
Gödel
Gödel's Incompleteness Theorem - Numberphile
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: Numberphile
ZODIAC KILLER: DEFINITIVE IDENTITY
ZODIAC KILLER: DEFINITIVE IDENTITY
Published: 2015/03/13
Channel: ZODIAC KILLER DOCUMENTARIES
KILLER REVEALED "Who Killed JonBenet Ramsey?" 2016  Documentary
KILLER REVEALED "Who Killed JonBenet Ramsey?" 2016 Documentary
Published: 2015/05/13
Channel: Political Agendas
Lena camina
Lena camina
Published: 2014/11/30
Channel: Trochey
Lena sigue bailando
Lena sigue bailando
Published: 2014/11/30
Channel: Trochey
Bajando de la Laguna Margot - Ushuaia
Bajando de la Laguna Margot - Ushuaia
Published: 2014/11/30
Channel: Trochey
£ corriendo sin parar 01
£ corriendo sin parar 01
Published: 2014/11/30
Channel: Trochey
Muestreando en Los Cerros
Muestreando en Los Cerros
Published: 2014/11/30
Channel: Trochey
£ hace fideos Lara
£ hace fideos Lara
Published: 2014/11/30
Channel: Trochey
Acto pedorro
Acto pedorro
Published: 2014/11/30
Channel: Trochey
Lena Canta para todos
Lena Canta para todos
Published: 2014/11/30
Channel: Trochey
Sacando la piedrita 01
Sacando la piedrita 01
Published: 2014/11/30
Channel: Trochey
Lena baila!
Lena baila!
Published: 2014/11/30
Channel: Trochey
Lena sigue bailando
Lena sigue bailando
Published: 2014/11/30
Channel: Trochey
Acto de Lena
Acto de Lena
Published: 2014/11/30
Channel: Trochey
3 nenas bailando (Lara Lena y Juana)
3 nenas bailando (Lara Lena y Juana)
Published: 2014/11/30
Channel: Trochey
Pablo Musa y Maria de los Angeles Andolfo se casaron
Pablo Musa y Maria de los Angeles Andolfo se casaron
Published: 2014/11/30
Channel: Trochey
Panorama Fiesta en Casa
Panorama Fiesta en Casa
Published: 2014/11/30
Channel: Trochey
Laguna Margot - Ushuaia Tierra del Fuego
Laguna Margot - Ushuaia Tierra del Fuego
Published: 2014/11/30
Channel: Trochey
speech super speech
speech super speech
Published: 2017/04/02
Channel: Santhanam Boobathi
Brian Dunning | Talks at Google
Brian Dunning | Talks at Google
Published: 2011/05/27
Channel: Talks at Google
speech speech
speech speech
Published: 2017/03/21
Channel: Santhanam Boobathi
Building Brains to Understand the World
Building Brains to Understand the World's Data
Published: 2013/03/11
Channel: GoogleTechTalks
Abdul Wahab In English Speech By Gujranwala
Abdul Wahab In English Speech By Gujranwala
Published: 2017/01/10
Channel: meri zaat zara e benishan
Yelawolf - American You
Yelawolf - American You
Published: 2015/04/03
Channel: YelawolfVEVO
First General Election - the biggest gamble
First General Election - the biggest gamble
Published: 2016/01/30
Channel: Discussion is Solution
Harvest of Hope: 6 Victor Montejo
Harvest of Hope: 6 Victor Montejo
Published: 2013/12/20
Channel: SmithsonianNMAI
Manuel Ebert - Putting 1 million new words into the dictionary - PyCon 2016
Manuel Ebert - Putting 1 million new words into the dictionary - PyCon 2016
Published: 2016/06/01
Channel: PyCon 2016
Breaking the Code: from Enigma to your Cashpoint Card and Many Centuries Back
Breaking the Code: from Enigma to your Cashpoint Card and Many Centuries Back
Published: 2011/04/08
Channel: University of York
Search 101
Search 101
Published: 2007/10/26
Channel: Google
How Can Cognitive Science Improve Online Learning?
How Can Cognitive Science Improve Online Learning?
Published: 2012/12/12
Channel: GoogleTechTalks
Snow Tha Product - “Nights" (feat. W. Darling)
Snow Tha Product - “Nights" (feat. W. Darling)
Published: 2016/05/25
Channel: SNOWTHAPRODUCT
CID - सी आई डी - Shaapit Case - Episode 1316 - 20th December, 2015
CID - सी आई डी - Shaapit Case - Episode 1316 - 20th December, 2015
Published: 2015/12/21
Channel: SET India
Re-Computing Social Sciences: Flash Talks, Session 2
Re-Computing Social Sciences: Flash Talks, Session 2
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: UC Davis Institute for Social Sciences
The Suspect
The Suspect
Published: 2014/04/22
Channel: Imagestore
Graph theory
Graph theory
Published: 2014/08/11
Channel: Audiopedia
Theoretical computer science
Theoretical computer science
Published: 2015/10/30
Channel: Audiopedia
Erdős number
Erdős number
Published: 2014/10/04
Channel: Audiopedia
Commerce Data Advisory Council (CDAC) - Oct 28, 2016
Commerce Data Advisory Council (CDAC) - Oct 28, 2016
Published: 2016/10/29
Channel: U.S. Department of Commerce
Just Say ¡Sí! The Latino Media Explosion -- Opportunities in Any Language
Just Say ¡Sí! The Latino Media Explosion -- Opportunities in Any Language
Published: 2014/04/21
Channel: SAG-AFTRA TV
Pilot
Pilot
Published: 2013/06/07
Channel: FHEFoxTVProductions
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This article discusses currently unsolved problems in linguistics.

Some of the issues below are commonly recognized as unsolved problems; i.e. it is generally agreed that no solution is known. Others may be described as controversies; i.e. although there is no common agreement about the answer, there are established schools of thought that believe they have a correct answer.

Concepts[edit]

  • Is there a universal definition of word?
  • Is there a universal definition of sentence?
  • Are there any universal grammatical categories?
  • Can the elements contained in words (morphemes) and the elements contained in sentences (syntactic constituents) be shown to follow the same principles?
  • How are domains for phonological processes related to syntactic structure? Do prosodic domains deviate from syntactic constituent structure?
  • Is it possible to formally delineate languages from each other? That is to say, is it possible to use linguistic (rather than social) criteria to draw a clear boundary between two closely related languages with a dialect continuum between their respective standard forms (e.g. Occitan and Catalan)?
  • How does grammaticalization function?
  • What constitutes grammatically correct language, as viewed by native speakers of that particular language, i.e. the problem of gradient well-formedness?
  • How do creole languages emerge?
  • How does lexical substitution function given the potentially limitless number of different contexts, the limits of one's knowledge and the limits of one's understanding and usage of language?
  • How do idiolects and dialects emerge? Are there any common patterns in their development? Can they be quantitatively and qualitatively measured at all and if so, how?

Philosophy of language[edit]

Languages[edit]

Psycholinguistics[edit]

  • Language emergence:
  • Language acquisition:
    • Controversy: infant language acquisition / first language acquisition. How are infants able to learn language? One line of debate is between two points of view: that of psychological nativism, i.e., the language ability is somehow "hardwired" in the human brain, and that of the "tabula rasa" or blank slate, i.e., language is acquired due to brain's interaction with environment. Another formulation of this controversy is "nature versus nurture".
    • Is the human ability to use syntax based on innate mental structures or is syntactic speech the function of intelligence and interaction with other humans? The question is closely related to those of language emergence and acquisition.
    • The language acquisition device: How localized is language in the brain? Is there a particular area in the brain responsible for the development of language abilities or is it only partially localized?
    • What fundamental reasons explain why ultimate attainment in second language acquisition is typically some way short of the native speaker's ability, with learners varying widely in performance?
    • What are the optimal ways to achieve successful second-language acquisition?
    • Animals and language: How much language (e.g. syntax) can animals be taught to use? How much of animal communication can be said to have the same properties as human language (e.g. syntax)?
    • What role does linguistic intuition play, how is it formed and how does it function? Is it closely linked to exposure to a unique set of different experiences and their contexts throughout one's personal life?

Sociolinguistics[edit]

Computational linguistics[edit]

  • Is perfect computational word-sense disambiguation attainable by using software? If yes, how and why? If no, why? (This presupposes the solution to the unsolved problems in the other areas of linguistics as a basis.)
  • Is accurate computational word-sense induction feasible? If yes, how and why? If not, why?

Lexicology and lexicography[edit]

Translation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Givon, Talmy; Bertram F. Malle (2002). The Evolution of Language Out of Pre-language. John Benjamins. ISBN 1-58811-237-3. 
  2. ^ Deacon, Terrence (1997). The Symbolic Species: The Co-evolution of Language and the Brain. W.W. Norton. ISBN 0-571-17396-9. 
  3. ^ MacNeilage, Peter, 2008. The Origin of Speech. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  4. ^ Botha, R. and C. Knight (eds) 2009. The Cradle of Language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  5. ^ Dor, D., C. Knight & J. Lewis (eds), 2014. The Social Origins of Language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  6. ^ a b Lewis, M. Paul, ed. (2009). Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16 ed.). Dallas: SIL International. ISBN 1-55671-216-2. 
  7. ^ "Simulated Evolution of Language: a Review of the Field", Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation vol. 5, no. 2
  8. ^ Robert Spence, "A Functional Approach to Translation Studies. New systemic linguistic challenges in empirically informed didactics", 2004, ISBN 3-89825-777-0, thesis. A pdf file Archived 2006-05-06 at the Wayback Machine.

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license